Newspaper Page Text
Friday Morning, Mfcy 26, 1866. |
We beg to say to oar correspondent,
"W.H. S.," that we sh*uld be pleased to
pnblish his memorial, but for our question
of the cwt bono? It is perfectly true, just
and sensible, and contains proper counsel
for all parties; but its publication would
not only be wholly disregarded by the
bodies addressed, but in all probability
.wculd be regarded as an impertinence.
Our friends s?em continually to forget the
fact that in all these matters, for twenty
years, our advice and opinions in regard
to n.'gro ?abor,and the interests and charac?
teristics ot that race-to say nothing of
other interests and subjects-have been
steadily wa wed against by all the agencies
of tuet ion, and it is not to be expected
that our pleadings now will avail any?
thing, where onr counsels, for so long a
s<-pson, have not only been perpetually de?
spised, but have been the subject of an
odium that sought perpetually to make us
odious throughout the world. Our opinions
and arguments have been long since put
on record; our pleas now, especially at this
momen t, would be regarded only as a time
eerving expedient of a selfish interest, to
be treated -withsuspicion if not with scorn.
As for the apprehended mischief and ruin
to both clisses, white and black, it may be
.well to ask whether even this be not a
thing anticipated by the assailants in th?3
life-long crusade against our institutions.
Briefly, we ape no longer regarded as dis ?
interested people; we are not called-upon'
as counsellors, and any advice now that
we should give will be held to be gratui
tous and perhaps resented as offensive and
impertinent. It ls not to he forgotten,
also, that the counsellors in this case are
now Btandiug in the attitude of the crimi?
nal. They must first put themselves
rechts in curia, before-they can challenge
consideration of any kind No! Let us
yield tbesp concerns of our domestic and
material policy to those who assert the
exclusive power-since nothing that we '
could say would command attention. We
could predict the mischiefs-and distress to
ensue, ad infinitum, and to no purpose.
Nothing but the sober, sad experience of
?.he rn'm wi'.1, make itself felt, and make
the caso understood;. and this will force
i'sShl? 'ueibre long upon the most hostile
and ignorant understandings. For our
planters and people generally, we have
but one counsel to give. We counsel them
to endeavor-such as are allowed sufficient
exercise of freedom to do so-to rescue
.from their wrecks of fortune whatever
debris may still be spared; to keep this
debris compactly in band; to concentrate
their energies upon the smallest possible
.circuit of employment within their seve?
ral precincts; to address themselves stead?
ily to home labors; to practice equal
industry and economy; and prepare them?
selves in this manner for all the exigencies
of a coudition which, for many yeare, is
likely to be one of caprice and perpetual
change, ' and, perhaps, disorder. In the
meantime, while working equally in the
mind and in the soil, let them banish all
thought- of interference with politics
eschew all politics which contemplate any?
thing beyond the purely domestic condi?
tion of District and State. It is not im?
probable, indeed, that our State lines will
be obliterated, wholly or in part, and that
South Carolina, at least, will be reduced
to a purely territorial condition. Perhaps
thi3 condition would be preferable, since,
in such case, our representatives-snch as
they are like to be-will bo able to do
very little mischief. We neid peace, if we
can get it, and no polities. The patient is
nick, very Digh unto death-feeble and in
a state of extreme prostration-needing
nursing chiefly, and to be kept from all
excitement. Whv should we distress him
with considerations of an evil when he is
helpless in regard to ?ts remedy?
Gov.' Magrath's Arrest.
. Oov. Magrath wa? arrested and taken
off in om ambulance, under the escort of a
licntenant and two soldiers, ahout 2 p. m.,
yesterday. The great body- of tbe most
respectable citizens waited upon him
during the morning, before his departure,
expressing their sympathy and respect.
. That such an arrest should take place in
the capital-of South Carolina, and in the
csse of its Executive, should be conclusive
as to the complete moral aud physical
prostration of the country.
The publication of the Augusta Pac'fi
eator has leea resumed.
Sound Woods from a Sound Source.
We publish below an addres? from the
Hon. E. IV?. Bruce to the soldiers of Ken?
tucky. - Though immediately applicable to
his own constituent?!, over whom no man '
has so much nor such justly obtained in?
fluence, these word? of wisdom, of sober
judgment and rational appeal, are not
without their appositeness to all Confede:
rate soldiers. They point to the discharge
of home duties, from which no man cnn
shrink.'. Peace bas been obtained, it mat?
ters not at what cost of feeling and prin?
ciple-that peace is now to be maintained,
and be is wisest who strives with his whole
heart to mfike the most of our situation.
Wp thank Mr. Bruce for so soundly ad?
vising the gallant soldiery whom he has
represented so long. True to them in the
flush of victory, as in the sad hour of de?
feat, his words of practical wisdom will
not fail unheeded:
AUGUSTA, GA., May l0,"l865.
SOLDIERS OF KENTUCKY: Finding it ut?
terly impossible to communicate with each
of you as I would wish, and even to an?
swer by letter or verbally the various in?
quiries propounded tp me, I have taken
this method of responding and saying a
few things to you, that I deem justified
by our past relations and the bopes of our
oom mon future.
First, frankly, my advice to? you'is to
returr; to your homes. There is no hope
of prosecuting the war to a different con?
clusion, either here or in the Trans-Missis?
sippi Department; and I feel assured that
every man who shall lose his life hereafter
in thc mad strife will be 6elf-murdered. I
would not, therefore, have you led farther
astray by any delusive prospects of a con?
tinuance of the struggle. Your duty
henceforth lies at borne, in tho peaceful
pursuits of civil life.
Your title to the appellation ot heroes
has been fully established. You have
proven yourselves Kentuckians, worthy of
the name, crowned as it is by heroic
darinc, and wreathed with the laurels of
victory won on so many battle-fields of
past historic renown. A nobler duty now
awaits you. Successful you have not
been. But patient and magnanimous you
can be under . defeat, showing yourselves
as good and faithful citizens as you have
been brave and chivalrous soldiers.
At considerable personal hazard, I have
remained here in ord?r to farther your
interest I have had frequent interviews
with the United States military authorities,
who have treated me with uniform kind?
ness and courtesy, and acceded to all my
requests in your behalf. Recognizing and
respecting your soldierly qualities, they
now only desire to facilitate your return
to your families, and to treat you honor?
ably us soldiers and fellow-citizens. I ara
sure you will reciprocate this magnani?
mous and kind feeling.
Paroles will be furnished you in this
city and the various lownswhere you may
be located, which will entitle you to trans?
portation and rations, where they can be
Transportation will be furnished via
Atlanta, Dalton, Chattanooga, ?tc. I fear
you may be compelled to walk from At?
lanta to Kingston or Carterville. Wa?
gons, however, .will be furnished for the
sick and wounded. Your parole will
guarantee you subsistence at any point
where a United States commissary depot
may be established. 1
And now, my friends, I bid you an af?
fectionate farewell. My parting injunc?
tion is to be true to your manhood-lo be
calm, courteous and dignified. Avoid dis
eussions. Use no language of recrimina?
tion.* Be, above all things, gentlemen. In
the peace of.your homes, rest quietly.
Be not allured by any enticements, to
eDgage in guerilla warfare. That will
produce evil and only evil. It is unchris?
tian and inhuman,<ii.d can only protract a
contest which has already caused tears of
blood to flow and reared hecatombs ot
martyrs. I repeat, therefore, accept your
paroles and regard them with scrupulous
fidelity. Let your conduct be marked by j
n faithful obedience to the laws of your
country. Resolve to aid in the great
work of pacification and reconciliation,
which will give peace and prosperity again
to this once happy and prosperous land.
Commending you to the Great Con?
troller of Events, who has so sorely af?
flicted us, I pray that He may guide and
protect you; that we may learn wisdom
from the bitter experience of the past, and
that your honor may never be sullied. I
am your fellow-citizen, E. ?J. BRUCE
FROM CHARLESTON.-An order has been
issuer, by Gen. Hatch, organizing a home
guard. The object of the organization is
the very worthy one of having within
the city a body of armed citizens who can
be depended upon in preserving the peace
and quiet of the cit}-, in case the troops
now there should be detached for service
A paragraph in the same order notifies
the colored peuple from the country that
they must, within ten days, remove to the
plantations on the islands Bet aside fur
t heir use by Gen. Sherman. Non compli?
ance with this order deprives them of the
privilege of drawing rations.
"The Augusta Chronicle says telegraphic
communication is open from that city to
New Orleans, Griffin, S*lma and Meridian
for private aud commercial business.
At last dates, the foreign cotton markets
were quite unsettled, and most holders
had withdrawn their stock. Pricer were
about a half penny higher.
President Lincoln's Amnesty.
By hi? proclamation of the 8th of De?
cember, 1863, (says the Augusta Chronicle,)
President Lincoln granted a fall pardon to
all who had been in re' Nion, with a fall
restoration of all rights ol property ex?
cept in slaves and in cases where the
rights of third parties had intervened, and
upon condition of taking and subscribing
and keeping inviolate an oath ta support
and defend the Constitution and the Union
under it, and to abide faithfully by all the
laws of Congress, and by the proclama?
tions of the Pr^sid'ent in regard to slaves,
so far as they are not repealed or declared
void by thc Supreme Court.
The persons excepted from this amnesty
were all who are^ or have been civil or
diplomatic officers and agents of the rebel
Government-all who have left judicial
station? under the United States to aid the
rebellion-all who are or have been mili?
tary and naval officers above the rani of
colonel in the army or lieutenant in the
navy-all who left seats in tho United
States Congress, or resigned commissions
in its ar ny or navy, and afterward aided
the rebellion-and all who have treated
colored or white soldiers and sailors of the
United States otherwise than as prisoners
On the 2 S th of March, 1864, President
Lincoln by proclamation defined that the
amnesty was limited to those "who were
not prisoners of war, but who, being free
from any arrest, voluntarily took the
oath. Paroled officers and men are not,
therefore, entitled to the amnesty oath
until it may be so ordered by the Execu?
According to instructions issued from
Washington at a later date, blockade run?
ners and those directly interested were
also put on the excepted lists.
On the 6th of December. 1864. in his
last anneal message to Congress, the Pre?
sident said that when he issued the am?
nesty he stated that the excepted classes
might still be within special clemertcy.
"During the year," he continued, "many
availed themselves of the general provi?
sion, and many more would, only that the
signs of bad faith in some" led to precau?
tions. Special pardens had also b*?en
granted to persons of the excepted classes.
'.The door has bren for a full year open to
all." But he adds, "The time may come,
probably will come, when public duty
shall demand that, it be closed, and that,
in lieu, more rigorous measures than here?
tofore shall be adopted."
Such measures were not suggested-by
President Lincoln, nor have they been
adopted. The amnesty remains in full
force uatil it is modified by President
-NATIONAL BANKS -A late despatch from
Washington makes the following state?
ment in regard to national banks:
On the last day of the last session of the
last Congress, two Acts concerning the
national banks were passed, which, when
sought to be carried into practical effect,
are fouud to conflict with each other. One
was an amendment to the National Cur?
rency Act, providing for the limitation of
the nat ional banks to A certain per centum
of their capital, and also for the pro rata
distribution of the total authorized three
hundred millions of capital among the
several States and Territories, according
to the representative population, existing
banking capital, ?tc. of each. The other
Act is an amendment to nn internal rev?
nue law, providing for the nationalization
of tho old State banks, and that the pre?
ference be given to the applications of
such banks over those ot new banks. Now,
if the Act authorizing the Secretary of the
Treasury to distribute pro rata the entire
amount of authorized capital be carried
out, then nearly the whole of New Eng?
land and some other States will be entirely
cut off, as, acconiiuy to their population,
they have already received more than
Thus all i he old State banks in these
States not yet nationalized would be de?
barred from so doing, and be driven out of
existence by the impending ten. per cent,
tax, which lakes effect July 1, 1866. The
Secretary of the Treasury and the Con?
troller of the Currency have, therefore,
decided to hold in abeyance, for the pre?
sent, their action on that portion of the
amendment to the Currency Act which
provides for the distribution of the capi?
tal, in order that the old State banks may
have the benefit of the nationalization
process. At the same time, it is decided
that these banks must effect the change in
their status without any increase in the
amount of their capital. Some of the
banks have done so by authority of their
State laws, but every increase of this
kind simply operates to shut out some
other existing bank, whose privileges
under Act are equally valid. No autho?
rity to organize new banks is row being
given, except to substantial parties in lead?
ing Southern cities, and in States like
Michigan, where there are no State baoks
Steamboats are now running regularly
between Savannah and Mi eon. They are
loaded mostly with Government stores,
and are used chiefly for Government busi?
DR. R. W. GIBBES, Jr. has removed
to the ofiic.e and residence of Mr.
Ecrgholz, corner of Assemblv and fiouli?
da ry streets. Professional practice con?
tinued, ruay 2<j 2
Xiocal Xtoxxxs. ?
The office of the Columbia J'hanix is |
on Gates street, second door from Plain, j
MILITARY GOVERNMENT IN COLUMBIA.
We deem it proper to advise our public
that the military governmentof tba United
States has wholly superseded the civil go?
vernment of the State and city. There is
now no other authority here lhan a mili?
tary authority. This being the case, it
will be well for the citizens to ask what
are the requisitions of the.militaiy com?
mandant of the city of Columbia, and to
comply with them. Lieut Col. Haughton,
the commandant, has his quarters in the
brown stone building, on thc South sideo/
the College Campus. The Acting Provost
Marshal, Lieut. John Walton, will be found
in the same quarters. The latter officer is
prepared to grant parolee to soldiers and
to administer the oath to all citizens. Wc
believe that this is a necessary, condition
prior to the transaction of any bushiest,.
(??^"PERSONAL.-All subscribers to the
PJionix whose subscriptions have ex?
pired, will please come forward and
renew, ia specie or provisions; otherwise
their papers will be stopped.
We wish it distinctly understood
that our terms are cash, f?o advertise?
ments will, therefore, be inserted unless
paid for in advance.
We present the following schedule df
rates, in the case of the most obvious com?
modities. For one month's subscription
to the Phoenix, we will receive either of
the following, viz:
1 bushel corn. 1? bush, peas or potatoes
5 pounds butter. 25 lbs. flour.
7 *. lard. 4 lbs. candles.
7 *' haeon. 9 qts. rice.
8 dozen eggs. 4 head of chickens.
Wood, vegetables and provisions gene?
rally received at fair market rutes ap?
proaching the specie standards.
Gen. Johnston's Last Order.
HEADQ'RS ARMY OK TEN.NKSSKE,
Near Greensboro, N. C., May 2, I8t>5
General Order? No. 22.
COMR/RKS: In terminating our official
relations, 1 earnestly exhort you to observe
faithfull}' the terms of pacification agreed
uprtn, nnd to discharge the obligations of
good and peaceful citizens at your homes,
as #ell as you have performed the duties
of thorough soldiers in the field. By such
a course you will be6t secure the comfort
of your families and kindred,'aud restore
tranquility to the country.
You will return to your homes with the
admiration of our people, won by the
courage and noble devotion you have dis?
played in this long war. I sh? ll always
lemeinber with pride the loyal support
ond generous confidence you have given
I now part with you with deep regret,
and bid you farewell with feelings of cor?
dial friendship, and with earnest wishei
that you may have hereafter all the pros'
peritv and happiness to be found in tin
world. J. E. JOHNSTON, General.
Officiai: ARCHER. ANDEUSON, A. A. G.
Lieut. Col. KENNARD, Chief. Ord.
THE DANGER OF HORSE TRADING.-Wt
leura that a military court is now in ses
?ion in Macon, for the investigation o
charges against citizens and soldiers win
have been engaged in horse trading.
Some time since, we warned our peoph
against purchasing anything which tie
louged to the late so called Onfederali
Government unless it had the "condemned
mark" of the United States Goveriuntn
upon it. Thousands of horses, mules uni
wagons have been illegitimately dispos,-?
of hy those having them in charge. Thej
roust all be returned to the proper audio
rities at the various military posts. Thosi
parties having them in their possessioi
now may endeavor to dispose of them. I
will, however, make, no diiference witt
the Goverpment whether the party win
has the property in their possession whet
found bought it from a soldier or a privat
citizen. Government property is Govern
ment property, no matter how ohtaiued.
We, therefore, caution all not to pur
chase anything in the shape of Govern
tnent property, unless it has first bee
condemned by Government officials.
[Augusta Chronicle, May 20.
M. A. SHELTON & CO,
Bull Street, near thc Post Office,
Columbia, S. C.,
ss^v RESPECTFULLY .inform thei
?j^ilfrierids, and the public in genera
^Bt4^8tr>a' thev have just returned fror
I Charleston, with an assorted stock <
j GOODS-the fi i tt importation of the sc?
i son-consisting in pa.t of:
j LADIES' HATS, (fashionable,) crreime
SHOEy, assorted sizes.
LADIES' HOSIERY, PINS, SOAP.
STARCH, CANDLES, SUGAR.
TEA. fine Green; MACKEREL.
HERRING, CODFISH, RAISINS.
BROOMS. SEI VES, YEAST POW
DE RS, Ac, which they wili sell LOW f
cash. may 26
TTt7*HlTEt?ilITU, L< >< KSM1TH, Horee
V* sheer. Wheelwright ?nd Smith ;u
entrai-nem-1y"oppot-it? Catholic Church.
All kinds of FARMING WORK dore on
the shortest notice and the most reasonable
terms, for provisions or cash, may 26 6
By Jacob Cohen.
AT PRIVATE SALE. 1 IT A NO. (excel?
lent quality.) 3 fine CARPETS. Y
MATTRESSES. 1 lot CHI NA ?nd GLASS.
3 WASH TUB*>, 2 TIN BUCKETS. 1 largo
Leather Easy Chair, 1 sro all Reeking;
Chair, 2 Pitchers and 1 Basin, 1 Chamber
and 1 Washstand, 1 Pine Bookcase, 1 Pine
Wardrobe, 4 Tine Bunks, 1 Mahogany
Dining Tabla; may 26 3* '
Headq'rs Department ol' the South,
HILTON HEAD. S. C , MAY 15, 1&65.
G EN Eil AL OILDER? NO. 63.
ITHF. proclamation .of A. G. Ma?
tt grath, atv ii i,g himself Governor of
South Carolina, dated at Headquarters,
Columbia, South Carolina, May* 2, 1865,
dec! H ring that all subsistence ?tores and.
the property of the Confederate Staten
within the limits of the Slate should be
turned over ?nd accounted for by tho
Agents of the Slate, appointed for that
purpose, and directing that, the subsistence
,nnd other stores shall be used for the relief
of the people of the State; and the pro?
clamation of Joseph B. Brown, styling
himself Governor of Georgia, dated at the
capital ot that Stale, on the 3d day of
May, 1S65, requiring the officers and mem?
bers of the General Assembly to meet in
extraordinary session at the Capitol, in
Milledficville, on Monday, the 22d day of
May, 1B65; and the proclamation of A. K.
Allison, styling himself Acting Goverror
of Florida", dated ar. Tallahassee, on the
8th day of April, 18G5, giving notice and
direction that an election will Vie held on
Wednesday, the 7th day of June, 186?,
for Governor of the State of Florida; are,
each and all of them, declared null and
void; it having become known to nie, from
trustworthy information, that the afore?
said A. G. Magrath, Joseph E. Brown and
A. K. Allison, are disloyal to the United
States, having committed sundry and di?
vers acts of treason against, the same, in
adhering to their enemies, giving them aid
The persons and peoples, to whom thc
proclamations hercinat.ove referred to
have been respectively addressed, are
therefore enjoined and commanded to give
no heed whatever thereto, or to any
orders, proclamations, commissions or com?
mands, emanating -from per-ons claiming
the right, tn exercise the functions and au?
thority of Governor in either of the States
of South Carolina, Georgia or Florida,
unless the same shall have been promul?
gated by the advice or consent of the
United btat.es authorities.
II. The policy and wishes of the Gene?
ral Government toward the people of these
States, and the method which should be
pursued by them in resuming or assuming
the exercise of their political rights, will
doubtless be made known at. au early day.
It is deemed sufficiriit, meanwhile, to
announce that the pi-ople of the black
race are five citizens of the United States,
th-it it is the fixed intention of n wise and
beneficent Government to protect lh?-m in
the enjoyment of their freedom and the
fruits of their industry, and that it is the
manifest and binding doty of ?ll citizens,
whites as Well as blacks, to make such
urrangementaaVid agreements among them?
selves, for compensated labor, as shall be-"
mutually : dvantageous to all parties.
Neither idleness;nor vagrancy will be tole?
rated, and the Government wiil not *x
tenii pecuniary aid to any persons, whether
white or black, who are unwilling to help
* III. District and Post' Commanders
throughout this" Department will at once
cause this order to be circulated far and
wide, by special couriers or otherwise, and
will take stich steps to secure its enforce?
ment aa may by them be deemed necessa?
ry. Q. A. GILLMORE.
may 26 Major General Commanding.
IN the basement'of Lewis Lev\-'s house,,
corner of Plain and Assembly streets,
the following articles:
GREEN TEA, MOLASSES,
CORN MEAL, RICH,
PI. SODA, LINDA RS,
HONEY, Cotton Cards.
TACKS, Knives and Forks,
SCREWS. Hand-saw Files,
j Playing Cards, Matches,
I Sperm Candles, Pepper,
I Chewing Tobaeco, Casi il.? Soap,
j Smoking " Manilla Rope,
I Mourning Muslin, Shirting,
Pins, Writing Paper,
Envelopes, Steel Pens, 4
Lead Pencils, Gum Opium,
Gum Camphor, Calomel,
Chloroform, Potash. Bv
may 25 3 H. SOLOMON.
Passage to the Up Country.
HAVING two good - oats,
fi#*L? w'd commence running a
,TRI WEEKLY LINE to and
trom Conimbia to Alston and Shelton'?
Ferrv, every Monday, Wednesday and Fri?
day. Passengers will be carried to cither
point, at reasonable rates, payable ir.
specie or provisions. For freight or pass
age, apply on board, at Geh"', 's Mill,
may 23 L. J. HANCOCK.