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By J. A. SELBY. . COLtJMBIA, S. C., FRIDAY MORNING, MAY 19, 1865. VOL. l.-NO. 43.
THE COLUMBIA PHOENIX,
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15 Y JULIAN A. SELBY.
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Smiles and Tears. *
She smiledl AJbirth of light!
At Inst 'tis tiny;
All bright, how glorious bright,
Blessing and gay.
I drink of smiles that seem,
And ?hile I drink I dream,
Eden is mine.
Ahl the smile, the smile, Ellenore,
While the bliss ia my goblet runs o'er;
Still omce more, once more, evermore,
The bliss of thy smile, Ellenore,
She wept! Ah! me,'tis night!
But with a moon, .
That soothes the black to bright,
How sweetly soon,
So rich the bow that glow'd,
Over my skies,
Tears, most delicious, flowed
? From mine own eyes!
Ah! thu tear, dear; the tear, Ellenor*?,
While the bliss in my goblet runs o'er;
First thy saule, then thy tear, Ellenore,
And I ask for my bliss nothing more,
The Cradle of Treason.
BY KEV. n. M. GALT.AHER, I?R00K.LYX.
Our first sight of Charleston was a
disappointment Wo dal not expect
to sc? such terri1)!? desolation, and we
wondered how the rebel newspapers
could have kept back :i knowledge of
.their sufferings. .
' One third ot tho city, and perhaps
the hes: thin!, is utterly destroyed. If
New York city extended ot.ly to Canal
sire* t. mid a li|-e, three blocks wide,
should bum ita way from- Fulton Ferry
to the font of Barclay street, if. would
he something: like what hus befallet) i
., -, ?
Then, what is untouched by the
fue is pierced and t.orn and shattered
bv our shells. Every seco nd building,
at least, is injured by.them. The Mills
House, an imposing structure, resem?
bling the Siter.nan House in Chicago,
was hit eighteen times. Wc gathered
some blooming white clover from the
grass that grew thickly at its closed
The Charleston IluteJ, the hanks:,
the court, house, Hibernian and Seces?
sion Hall, ail hore the marks of Gill
m o re's stern compliments.
Nor did the churched fare much
better-sonic of them, indeed, far
worse. We' counted five burnt
.churches, the Catholic cathedral, the
finest in the South, ami the Circular,
among tiie number. In the quaint
old church of Sr. Michael's, built ol'
materials brought from England long
ago, and in the pretty little aristocratic
Huguenot church, which was lilied
with tablets to the memory ol the
Sassures. l'orchers, and Gaussens, who
fled to the Carolinas after the repeal
of the Edict of Nantes, the woik of
destruction had beuii complete, lt
looked as if sonic of Cromwell's ico?
noclasts had been despoiling the tem?
ples of the Malignants. Shells had
burst in these buildings, nnd thieves
had burst iu after them, and seined the
cushions, torn out the pew-linings,
carried off reading-desk, communion?
table, and church ornaments, and left
not a vestige of the organs ?or oiir
busy relic hunters.
Mr. John Phillips, a lawyer, and
.one of the lew respectable white in?
habitants 1.,1't, told us that, when the
citv was abandoned by the rebel
troops, the rogues entered churches
and houses, and cai ried off what tiley
wanted; that, the negroes had no hand
in tili- plundering; that thc news?
papers, in telling us that the city was
hut slightly damaged by our shelis,
told tts- 'infernal hes;' thut. nt first, no
ooo believed Gil'more eo?d throw a
ball into thu city-a distance of six
miles, and when the shells did come
there was a great deal of tenor. 'It
was sad work for us,' said Mr. Phil
I lips, 'but1-with a grim ?mile-'we
i heard it was great fun for vour sol
Ot course many lives were lost. We
heard of a brollier and sister who
. were torn to pieces as they stood talk?
ing hy their fireside; and of fifteen
negroes who were killed by the burst?
ing of a single shell.
There ate no white -Union men in
Charleston. -There was not a white
man in the city that I dared to tr?st,'
said Robert Small. There sro some
I who call, themselves loyal, hut such
j loyalty would be a Copperhead's de?
light in Brooklyn. Of this latter
class is Governor Aiken, a complain?
ing, dissatisfied old gentleman, vexed
at the proclamation of emancipation,
vexed at the I053 of his wine and the
plunder of his plate by. Sherman's
'Bummers,' and altogether 'a lone, lorn
creetur'-like ^Irs. Gummidge.
The poor whites with whom we
talked are bitter rebels and did not
think their cause yet lost, although
they willingly gold us fifty dollars in
Confederate money for a dollar green?
A beautiful girl, scarce fifteen years
old, came out to unfasten a garden
gate for us, and was very graciously
trying to do so, when her mother ap?
peared and said with a haughty.air
that could not brook our presence,
'Come away, child/ This was the
only fine lady rebel visible to us
during our stay in Charleston.
We asked Robert Small where all
the graud dames-the wives and
daughters of thu lea-ling men, were.
'I nope they are al! in their graves,'
was his savage answer.
There were many glad faces in the
city, hut they were all black ortos.
The negroes were in a strange state ol
delight;, they danced tor us. they sung
fur us, they brought us Howers in pro
fusion, aird refused outv proffered
money.-'No; yeti have ?lone enough
for us already.' 1 -spoke of Lee's sur?
render to tut old negro woman, the
sole occupant of a marble man-ion.
She ?li? not understand its lui! mean-,
irg, but felt it mu>t bo something good,
and so- Iiited 'uer hands and shouted:
Kort Sumter is much larger than we
expected. At thc flag-raising there
were about, lour thousand pdople in the
space en> losed hy its battered ram?
parts, and yet it- waa not more than
half lilied. Sumter, with all its bruis?
ing and pounding, is still impregnable.
Fjve hundred men, with communi?
cation open to Charleston, could hold
it against all comets. An attacking
force would have to disembark at the
base of a hill of crumbling brick,
broken shells, and loose sand, against
which the sea beats; then climb a
chain fence at the very ?rige of the
water, and, before the top of this hill
could be gained, two rows of shttrp
ened wooden stakes, firmly imbedded
in the earth and pointing outward,
must also be surmounted. It did not
seem as if this could he-doue in the
face of a determined enemy; our boys
tried it once, and failed. The negroes
were out in full force to witness the
celebration, and cheered lustily as the
officers of tho day arrived. As the
hour passed for opening the cere?
monies we. heard them ask impatiently,
'Where's Beecher?' 'Where's Beech?
er?' At length some oue shouted,
'There he is in the white hat.' We
looked, and lo! tho great expected
came looming over the top of the
parapet, in full view of the crowd
below, and descended to the centre of
the fort amid great cheering. Ho
was the favorite.by all odds; the best
loved man in Sumter that day.
Magnolia Cemet?ry, two miL-s from
the city, -is a sotnbe', mossy place,
sadly neglected, except one little spot
wir re re-ts the wife of an Eng ish
sailor, who has erected if monument to
lier memory which is perfectly uryque. ]
It is like a very elegant doll's house. '
or a confectioner's model of a maus.,
leuru. There isja miniature ship chain?
ed to a capstan, on which is written in
gold letters, 'Tue Promise, June,
1827." Then a pair of scales, evenly
balanced, and hanging from the centre
of a triumphal areli, holds his heart in
one scale, hers in the other. There
are two lace handkerchiefs with the
words on glass, J*I had your first and
last dear kiss. T'.iere are turtle doves,
and love mottoes, and mosaic and
sheii work- then another little ship,
then an American flag and a British
tuiion-jack, then ever so many other
things, and at last a head-stone with
this epitaph: "She, was-but words
are wanting, to say what, say what
a wife should he, and that she was."
AU this is protected by a gilt and
gayly colored roof, and the whole
affair'might be covered by a good
sized table-cloth. Throiigh the kind?
ness of General Hatch and Captain
Hunt, all the ambulances, old stage?
coaches, one horse shays, rheumatic
buggies, bony Rosinantes, and archi?
tectural steeds in the place were im?
pressed for our use. They were the
best the city afforded; what more
could we ask? One of our party, a
grave and reverend seignor, but on
used to these chariots of the sun, con?
fiscated a horse and buggy for his own
sole use, ' and drove, nat through
Charleston, as he certainly intended,
but straight into the dock-a depth of
over twenty feel. The buggy was
lost, for ever; the horse, after immense
difficulties and to our great surprise,
was fished out a'ive. The company
on the Oceanus came away loaded
with relic?. We. hud stiff leather
bound books from the sacked t city
library, magnolia leaves fiotn Cal?
houn's grave and Mem m inger's resi?
dence, papers from the banks, records
from thc- court huns??, gilded cherubs'
heads from the churches, man-'clos
from the slave-marts, soldiers' breast?
plates and epaulets, and a new, neath'
finished rebel flag, which was present
e i to the Sumter Club by its finder.
We found letters dated July and
August, 1S61, from the Dank ol
Liverpool to the Bank ot" Charleston,
limier cover to the Bank of the State of
New York, which explains how s.xne
rebels found means to communicate
with their friends in England.
[New York Independent.
Interview with ex Governor Aiken oi
Mr. Aiken has none of-the unctuous
solidity of person which position is
supposed to bestow, and is the farthest
remove frota those C?uattlebums who
have so successfully cultivated pomp?
ous and olieusive maimers. Ile is five
feet ten in height, perhaps, and maj
weigh one hundred ?nd forty pound--,
liishairand full whiskers and moustache
are very grey, but his manners aro as
subdued and courteous, and his eyes a>
bright as during his memorable con?
test with Banks for the Speakership,
when he wasn't elected but thought he
was, and committed to memory his
speech of acceptance. The Governor's
face is seamed aud furrowed unduly
for a man of sixty, and has an anxious,
vigilant, weary look.
His health was tolerable, ho said!
and he had been treated with marked
respect ever since the war beguii-bv
tba rebels of all grades, in South
Carolina, who bad tolerated bis dis?
sent from their schemes, and now by
the President and General Jeffries, oj
whose considerate kindness he spoke
in the highest terms. It was tu, ce
able that when ho mentioned Jeff.
Uavis' plotters, he said the rebels-not
tho co ii fed era! es.
These have bet-n four dreadful years,
be went on lo say; but . I told :he
rebels fruin .the beginning what thc
end would b-. 1 have been disap?
pointed in i nly one respect-I told
them I would give llietn two years tc
bj concpiercd io, audit baa take , four
They have fonght desperately; every
boy partook of the fanaticism and
went i;.to the fight, and the women
cheered them on and gave their jewels
and treasures in the cause. You of the
North know nothing of the war in
this respect.* Every family in the
South is bereaved, and I told them it
would be so.
He said, "Nc, I have never cast my
.lot with them. I told them they were
wrong from the first. I gave a toast
for.tho Union at a nullification supper
io 18-10, and.offended all my young
associates, and since the rebellion com?
menced I have not been in Richmond
or Montgomery, and have declined
office from Mr. Davis for myself and"
friends. When Mr. Davis was my
guest recently at Charleston I defended
the Union, and scouted the absurd
doctrine of secession in a conversation
with him. Since the war began I
have never said nor done a thing of
which my conscience accuses me as an
act of' disjoyalty to the nation."
He continued by saying that Davis
Waa not the man for President, and
never should have been chosen. He
had not the ability nor the weight of
character of Hunte'*, and had been
very unpopular ever since his election.
South Carolinians had denounced bim
without stint-but it was a position
where success was impossible. He
had not a high opinion of Davis'
morals or discretion, but it seemed to
him incredible how a man of education
and culture, of refined taste, a member
of the church, who sat at Christ's
table and partook of the sanctified
body and blood of the world's cruci?
fied Redeemer, could possibly harbor a
thought of complicit.--- in the assassi?
nation. He supposed President John?
son had good evidence, however: but
if such complicity was proved it would
materially damage his respect for
The Governor said tho war was sub
stantially over when Grant took Rich
mond; all the South agreed to tba:.
No organized guerilla warfare will be
carried on. The people of the-South t
will not permit iL A selfish instinct to j
defend themselves will stimulate them
to hunt down guerillas. Lie spoke ?
with pride of having recently presided
at a meeting in' Charleston to express
regret and indignation nt the murder
of Mr. Lincoln. He said that be had
lost nearly all his property in the war,
(soma seven or eight million dollars)
but if lus saved enough for his support
he should not mourn the loss.
This is the substance of the conver?
sation. IL is said, though I did not
learn it from him, that the Governor is
brought herc charged with aiding
blockade runners. But even if he is,
is he not far more innocent than Robert
E. Lee, who is lionized in a quiet way
at Richmond, and is not menaced with
a trial at all?
[ Wash. Cor. Rochester Democrat.
A FEW WORDS OF COUNSEL.-There
arc some in our rridst who appear not
even yet, to really understand tho
exact condition of affair.--.' They have
not realized the true situation of mat?
ters. They seern to think that thev
can s'.ill go on and do as they please,
as they have d^?ne in days past, -without
any regard to the lnw, and escape the
penalty of their deeds. To all such,
and to others who are disposed to carp,
cavil at, and to do what they can to
create a had feeling in the community
against the Government-to all such
we say: you should recollect that t'ni'.
country is once more subject to thc
Constitution and Laws of the United
States. This is a fixed fact! It oecds
no argument to prove it. This then
being the case, the future course of
every man is plainly marked o':r.
Support the Government, obey the
laws, conduct yourselves? as good citi?
zens should. Remember that th re is
now n tribunal where a man au g...
justice administered at <>? c.- \\
member if a . f.n fi io ? hat j
irt unal with disr^s^ec", bj _
the judge in his OWH case, and the
executor of his own decision, he will
get himself not only into the hands of
the law, but into difficulty also. Good
order, good society-, and good govern?
ment will not admit of this slate of
things, and it is the determination of
the authorities that the}' shall not exist.
We are again ono people, under the
same Government and subject to the
same laws. "We have become joint
heirs of that Government, and what?
ever blessing it confers on other sec?
tions, it will confer on us also if we
become good and loyal citizen?. It
was purchased by the common blood
of our fathers, and its perpetuity is our
equal heritage. Let us cherish the
whole Union, and with re-united ener?
gies buiVJ the fabiio into colossa1 di?
mensions, that, its power and magnitude
may not only command the respect
and admiration of other nations, but
become a living Republi in the midst
of tim monarchies and despotism- cf
the old world.
Looking beyond the vista of 'he
present, let us accept our fate as a
decree of the Supreme Ruler who
directs ail tilings in accordance willi
Iiis Divine will and pnrpo-e.
[Augusta Chonicle and Sentinel.
EMIGRATION.-Europe is turning its
face to these shores, stimulated by the
magnificent prospect opening to us in
the future. Emigration seems now
the order of the day, and curiously
enough, it-is win king both ways-into
this countrv, and out of it. While
thousands of pe >ple of all classes are
preparing to aband n Europe for th?
United States, 150,000 of the stal?
worth soldiers of the South who
fought s^>- splendidly, although, of
course, they were overpowered by the
North, ate packing up their traps for
NL-xico. The finest element ia tho
whole Southern St-ites will probably
I within t'ie next t.weave months have
craig'rated to Mexico to cultivate thu.
' ' mines, develop tuc resources, and
u ! in thc fourtun?s of that bounte?
ous r pu-lii?. Their p'necs wi'l be
tilled in in- Sou . y -.. .;! of 'he best
material oi b >r... .
Tho iron worker?, and machi lists
genera!ly, of England aod Cerraany,
the agriculturists from all the provinces
of Ireland, exhibit a greater desir?
than ever to make this country their
home. It is not the drones-for they
never move-but the active, enterpris?
ing, .and ambitious portions of the
population who are coming. The im?
migration of the last four years was as
nothing to what this year will produce.
In the manufacturing towns of England
skilled labor turns to this great, free
country for tho remuneration which it
cannot find at home. We see by tiie
Irish newspapers that all the seaports
there, are crowded with emigrants
waiting for transportation, the mo ?ey
having been, in almost every case,
furnished by their friends in America.
There is plenty of room, plenty of
work, and a heany welcome for them
ail.-New York Herold.
Zealy, Scott & Bruns
WILL sell Tl ll? DAY, at lOo'eloek, oppo?
site their store, on Assembly street.
Bureaus, Chairs, Looking Glasse?, Mat
tresses, Pillows, Lamps, Clocks,, llishes,
Plates, Cup?, Saucers, G rolls 4 4 White
Matting, 80 feet Gutta Percha Hose,
bushels Salt, Squares, Plants, Augurs,
Chisels, Screws, Nails, ifcc. Unlimited
articles received np to hour of sale.
may :;(> 1 *
By Francis Lance.
I will sell-TO MORROW (Wedne?day)
MORNING, at Bedell's lot, ?it lu o'clock,
the following articles:
?3 Belstead?) 2 Mattresses. 1 Carriage
and Lannie Harness. 1 Saddle and Bridle,
1 Ir;n Corn M ill,-valuable article: ?>athiag
fui), and many ollie.- articles, and 2
Hordes Conditions cash. may 30 T
, p. ) . -, Tb - ^ co ie-rn - ?r. Captain W.
? . Ki. -::.il\ ; ? .. .' Vr Il'-ry. at
1 . i'.: '. a. a; Peters