Newspaper Page Text
Tuesday Morning, May 30, 1865.
What Sh-l?wr Do? |
'Weah1 r member the plah.iivo cry of
Mr. Webster, many years ago, in his
I'atchogue speech, when there was a gene
ral breaking up ot parties and a supposed
equally general abandonment of princi?
ples. Thro-v: g up his hands pathetically,
he cried, "Where am 1 to go? What am
I to'do!'* and this as pitifully said as if
the whole sentence were uttered, as drawn
from the sacred writings, "What shall'I
do to be saved?"
Verily, this is the question .with- every?
body whom we meei-the substantial
question; though none of the questioners
think vt" the soul tating which the last
qnesiion involves. They are sufficiently
troubled about the needs and wants of the
b"- \-nboiit th? creature comforts and
creature necessities; for the women hunger,
ing at-home-for the child crying for his
supper-for the hread and meat and rai?
ment, wnich shall be sufficient for the dav.
The necessity here is a stern questioner
n nhsnlnte fit'-that must have answer
- will not be put off. Cannot wait till
. . r.Must'ie answered to day
?w r II- ver- i ?i rj A ill take you by the
throat if you ire not prompt in your an?
swer, and as satisfactory aa prompt.
The question is one-which, however you
may address it to your neighbor, can only
be answered by yourself. What you shall
do de .ends upon the question what you
are good for. This is no day for the simu?
lacrum.' Humbugs must disappear. That
you may eat bread, you must prove your?
self useful, in some way, to somebody
besides yourself. It is not for your neigh?
bor to find out your particular uses. If
. you have lived to the years of manhood,
and have not yet found them out for
yourself, you are in a bad way. The
sooner you set yourself to work, in some
way, in making some discovery of resource
in 3'our own soul, mind and body, the
better for the salvation of the three. Your
neighbor cannot aesist you in this inquiry.
As a general rule, one's properties lie too
deeply hidden-in his own nature to be.
readily guessed or known by a spectator.
Even a friend is rarely capable to deter?
mine upon youi capabilities; and if^you
are at a loss yourself, it is unreasonabl
edi upon him to tell you what to do.
Nay, v.hen reduced to this necessity, it
ma^j, fairly be assumed that your use's in
this life are infinitesimally small At all
events, you must find them for yourself,
and go to work as soon as 3'ou can.
But you exclaim pathetically, "I" must,
live!" Alas! poor citizen, the inexorable
fate sternly replies to yon, "I can see no
absolute necessi'y that you should!" And,
in ?ood faith, lbj tate is right. He who
Jins lived uselessly to mauhood, and is
living uselessly in age. and at middle life
is calling upon his friends to find out Iris
uses for him, has literally no business in
life. The truth is a ten ?hie one, and needs
he told now, if ever. Such a person has
always been an incubus upon the cominu
.ait}'. Society has its laws, like those of a
bee-hive, and even as the working bees
expel the drones, so must society expel the
human drones that have no faculties which
society can use, yet still expect to feed
and fatten on the labors of the rest We
call these the /ruges consumere natl-the
corn crackers-the harpies that devour
the banquet which they do not prepare
the locusts, wbich, borne to us by the
caprice of evil winds from the East, eat
up the pastures of the.?land. It will prove,
in the sequel, a blessing to every country
where these drones undergo expulsion.
The sensible old English fathers bad a law
against vagrancy and vagabondism, and
the man who could not exhibit actual
daily proofs of his labor, and of a cape
city to support himself and family, was
clapped to work, and made to obey God's
first commandment, the foundation of
physical religion, "Thou shalt enrn thy
bread by the sweat of thy brow." Our
excellent fathers of an hundred years ago
adopted the same law, which still remains,
we believe, unrepealed, upon our statute
books. But, ?lae! for the safety of our
race, it has been suffered to become obso?
lete. Had it been duly enlorced, you
would not hear the question, so frequently
put, "What am I to do?" The cultivated
instinct*-nay, the active thong.it, the ?11
telligenae, the knowledge, and, finally, 1
the wiijorn of m. n must th rive the.r
growth, etrenrM-h, profit ned grund snf
frienciee from the humble beginning's ol .a
bor. "Six days shalt thou labor and do all
thy work." You cannot dodge this law
with safety. It says shalt thou labor, not
mayst.' Even the pretext of prayer will
noi - . e. Work itself is prayer; obedience
; o the in w is prayer; and no prayer can
he available for use, either in earth or
heaven, without comp] ?anee with the law
of labor. He who consumes the day in
asking what he shall do, w?H do nothing
in bis day and generation, for himself or
Condition of Charleston.
Our refugee readers will find matter to
fix their attention for awhile, in the article
in our columns this day, from the Now
York Independent, entitled, "The Cradle of
Treason." The person (Robert Small)
mentioned in this article, is understood to
be the negro boatswain of the'steamer
Planter, which was carried off to the
blockading fleet from thc wharves of
Charleston some two years ago. We are
told, in addition, that the mutilation of the
cbu?.:h and church-yard ornaments goes
on, and that the heads of cherubs and
their wings nae leaving their shoulders
hourly, to find their way to private col?
lections ia the North.
It is reported that President Johnson
has issued a proclamation calling an extra
session of Congress early in June.
Farther interesting accounts of the silly
war excitement and gasconade being in?
dulged in by the rebels West of the Mis?
sissippi River, in Kirby Smith's depart?
ment^ were brought to us by the steamship
Creole, which nrrived here yesterday,
from Havana on the 10th inst. The rebel
blockade running, or pirate, steamship
Owl, Capt. Maffit, arrived at Havana from
Galveston on the ,9th instant, and the
steamship Imogene, from the same place,
with 1,000 bales of cotton, bad reached
Matanzas. The nebel leaders in Texas and
Western Lpuisiana were still, at the date
of the latest accounts, proclaiming by
public meetings and addresses their deter?
mination to continue the war, notwith?
standing the failure of their cause East of
the Mississippi. Gen. Magruder made a
speech on the 24th ult., in which he an?
nounced that he could see nothing discou?
raging for the rebels in the military situa?
tion, and mysteriously hinted that they
had "a nenghbor near at hand," regarding
whom he did -not feel at liberty to sny
anything farther" at that time. Old
Sterling Price, of Missouri, and General
Ilindman, of Arkansas, are both said io
be still alive and in Texis.
[tfete York Herald, 17th.
THE UNITED STATUS CURKKNCY IN AT?
LANT.!.-The Augusta Chronicle states that <
some parties in Atlanta, who thought
themselves able to fight the Government,
discredited its issues. Thc Commandant
of the Post, Col. C. B. Eggleston, at once
corrected tho error* they had fallen iuto,
and "cut them down ii peg or two." He
issued an order to the effect that United
States notes must be made thc base ot
prices current ut that post and in the vi?
eil) itv: and any merchant, or dealer ia
produce or provisions or other supplies,
and the keeper of un'y saloon or restau?
rant, refusing to take the same at par,
.would be arrested and brought before the
If people will not allow common sense
to yuide them now a-days, they will have
tori earn wisdom from sad experience. The
United States Government has proved
itself strong enough to protect itself in
every particular; and, judging from the
past, we are quite sure it will do so. Bet?
ter obey thc laws and support the Govern?
ment willingh*; for these are two things
we have got to do, whether willing or not.
Late reports by way of the Mississippi
River from Matamoros, Mexico, are to the
effect that a force of between four and five
thousand republican troops appeared be?
fore that town on the 29th ultimo; that its
surrender was demanded and refused, and
that a spirited fight between the imperial?
ists and republicans ensued. Business wes
suspended, the streets were barricaded,
and many of the citizens were fleeing
across the Rio Grande to Brownsville,
T?-xas. A report reached the mouth of
the Rio Grande on the 4th instant that the
republicans were in full retreat. We have
heretofore bad rumors that they had oc?
cupied Matamoras. Later advices will
have to be wailed for, in order to decide
Upon the true state.of affairs in that re?
I The London Times says the reception of
\ Sir Frederick Bruce by president Johnson
augurs well for the future relations of the
two countries. It was a formal act, but it
was accompanied with cordial expressions
on both sides which divested il of formali
ty, und justified its being regarded as a
fresh earnest of amity. The limes says
the language of the President was pacific
and statesmanlike, and Americans may
feel sure it will meet with a response in
England. Tba article concludes by ex?
pressing a.hope that the idle words of
i provocation which have been employed
I by irresponsible persons may be buried in
I the grave of President Lincoln.
, Barnum offered a $1,000 for tire pillow
m whit h President Lincoln died.
The office of the Columbia -Phoenix is
on Gates street, second door from Plain.
We are indebted to Mr. Coleman Walker
for copies of Auguet? papers, and to Gen.
Lovell for the New York Herald, of the
11th and 17th, from which we publish nu?
merous extracts this morning.
REBEL CITIZENS NOT ALLOWED TO ?IE
Ti RN TO MKMTUIS.-A Cairo despatch of
thc 9th instant states that Gen. Thomas
has instructed Gen. Washburn, at Mem?
phis, to administer the oath to rebel sol?
diers, but not to officers or citizens, saying
it is too late now to reap the beucht of the
amnesty proclamation, after maintaining
an attitude of hostility for four years.,
Gen. Washburn directs the citizens who
left tbe United States lines and sought re?
fuge in rcb'eldom. and have resisted all
persuasion to return till now, will not be
allowed to come to Memphis at present.
Paroled officers coming into the district
from Lee's, Johnston's or Taylor's arm}-,
will ni t be permitted to wear their uni?
form or any badge reminding one of their
position. Paroled enlisted men arc allowed
three days to change their dress.
The work of disbanding the army and
restoring the country to the peace status
is being rapidly pushed forward. The
Secretary of War has directed thc imme?
diate discharge of all volunteer cavalry?
men in the various military departments
whose terms of enlistment expire prior to
October rrext An order was also yester?
day issued from the War Department for
the immediate mustering out ol' thc mili?
tary service of all volunteer officers and
enlisted men within the Department of
Washington whose terms will expire on or
before the 31st of this month.
Lieut. Gen. Grant has officially directed
that all the paroled rebel soldiers now
detained at .alexandria. Ya., be imme?
diately sent to their homes. Those whose
former residences were in the loyal States
will ba required, before being permitted to
"return thither, to take the oath of alle?
giance to the Government.
During the week ending May 2, there
weie 472 deaths in New York city, am in
rease 'of thirty-five as compared with the
mortality of die week previous, and thirty
seven less than occurred d uriug the cor?
responding week last yeai.
The rate at which the Government seven
and three-tenths per cent, loan (says the
Herald) is now being absorbed is wonder?
ful. On Tuesday, the subscriptions arnon nt
ed to over $15,000,000, and yesterday they
reached to over *17,?00,?U0.
Fi ve guerilla captains, who have been
at work on the Upper Mississippi, have
concluded it is no use to continue their
business, and have accordingly kpocked
off, after giving good advice to the people
The White House is to be repainted
throughout before President Johnson oc?
There were 104 deaths in New Orleans
for the week ending. April 23.
At morn we know not what the eve may
And 'dearest treasures take the earliest
Died suddenly, after a short but severe
illness, near Wilmington, N, C., ALECK
GEORGE BLACK, aged fourteen years
and seven months.
Tlie stars shim as serenely, thc skies
seem as fair, but the smile of our loved
one will rest on us ne'er. His mature
courtesy and daily attention" how do thc
want of them dim the lustre f home hap?
piness! The mother recalls her boy-her
ideal of future honor, manliness and intel?
ligence-and behold, God has broken the
stalf around which pride and affection
twined ia alternate rivalry- In God's
garden ha\e they laid our beloved, but
Heaven hath another seraph claimed. Ile
lived long, for he lived well. They most
live who "think most, feel the noblest, act
Death came suddenly for our darling,
and far from parents and from home he
closed his eyes to die: but kind friends ga?
thered round him and angels thc)' were
nigh-they caught the flickering spirit and
bore it to the sky. God helps tis to sub?
mit; earth is impoverished to enrich Hea?
ven's court Where'er I turn, before my
sight appears a mist, from which 1 oft dis?
cern the loving eyes of that dear boy.
They beam with wonted lustre, and I fold
the image to my heart. Daily is it en?
shrined with thoughts that fain would
climb towards Heaven. ? God! forgive
me, if I keep my grief and lovo too well
the angel child.
Aleck, art thou happy? Then watch
o'er those you Jove; and when our life is
done, dear, you'll welcome us above- We
mourn, but"God has afflicted; and though
He chastens us, we will cling to His love,
even in the hour of bitter bereavement
Farewell, dear treasurel The Shepherd
has gathered our lamb to His fold. You
deserved the smile of Heaven, and we
must linger here awhile; but when our
graves are wholly won, we shall meet
again, dear son.
*'Death cannot come
To those untimely who are fit to die;
Thc lets of this cold world, the more of
Tho briefer life, the earlier immortality."
WiewAMj May, lSGi.
The Nashville Pt ess learns that General
Forrest waa killed by Captain Walker^ of
the rebel army, in revenge for shooting
A report from New Orleans states that
a grand national expeditionary force is
being organized for operations against the
rebels in Texas.
The friends and acquaintances of Mr.
and Mrs. R. Tozer and family, and of W.
H. Dial and family, are requested to at?
tend the funeral of ALICE, the only child
of the former, at their residence on Lady
street, THIS AFTERNOON, at 4 o'clock.
FOR sale, a small quantity of No. 1
WRITING PAPER. \lso, some ex?
cellent COPYING PAPER. Inquire at
this office. may 30jQ
Buggy for Sale.
FOR SALE, a good and substantial
BUGGY-nearly as good as new. A
bargain can be had by early application at
this office. may ?0 2*
IN the Marion Street Methodist Church,
Sunday afternoon, a Black LACE VEIL.
The finder will be rewarded by leaving it
at R. SW A FFIELD'S, Arsenal Hill.
. may MO 2
]*^|~ISS A. H.ENNIES begs leave to'in
JLTJL form the ladies of Columbia that
she^will do business again on reasonable
terms. Inquire on Lumber street, West cf
Main, Columbia, S. C. may 30 2*
Smoked Beef! Smoked Beef!
STICK POMADE, a superior grease
for the hair and moustache.
Also, DARNING COTTON, just received
and for sale; toc-t.her with a choice va
rietv of GROCERIES, PROVISIONS,
DRUGS, MKDICINESandFANCY ARTI?
CLES, by MELVAN M. COHEN,
Assembly street. West side,
One door from Pendleton street,
may :?;.') 1*
Head q'rs United States Forces,
CITY OF COLUMBIA, S. C.,
MAY 27, 1SG5.
GENERAL ORDERS NO. 4.
IN order to prevent any disturbance which
may arise from the improper use ot" in?
toxicating liquors, it in hereby o.dered
that, for the present, no iutpxicatii e; li?
quors will be sold or given away to anv
citizen or soldier, unless permission is
granted from these headquarters. Any?
one found-guilty of disobeying this order,
will not only have his gooda confiscated,
but will be subject to punishment by mili?
tary Jaw. By command of
Lieut Col. N. HAUGHTON,
Com m a n di n <r Post.
. W. .1. KYLE, Lieut. 25th O. V. V-1. and
Post. Adjutant. . may 2'J
Headq!rs United States Forces,
CITY OF CO LU M 1>1 A, S. C.,
MAY 27, 18C5.
GENERAL ORDERS NO. 3.
ALL citizens having in their possession
any property that, rightfully belongs
to the United States Government, accord
i ti rr t o the terms of surrender of Gen. Jos.
E. Johnston, C. S. A.. to Gen'. W. T. Sher?
man, U. S. A., will immediately report the
name to these headquarters.
Persons having mules, l?orses and wa?
gons, will, for the present, be permitted to
retain the same for the purpose of carry?
ing on their work. Any person failing to
comply with thia order within a reasona?
ble time, will not only be deprived of any
farther usc of said property, but will also
subject themselves to punishment by mili
ta ry authority. Bv command of
Lieut, Co* 25th O. V. V.,
Com'dg City of Columbia, S. C.
W. J. KYLE, Lieut. '25th O. V. V. I. ?nd
Post Adjutant. may 29
Headq'rs United States Forces,
CITY OF COLUMBIA, S. C.,
MAY 27. 1SG5.
GENERAL ORDERS NO. 2.
IS F< ?KMATI0N having been received at
these headquarters of the existence of
armed ban ls of marauders infesting the
country and committing depredations on
the property of peaceful citizens, it is
hereby ordered that all persons composing
such will be considered and treated as
outlaws, and if caught, will receive the
severest punishment ot military Jaw.
The United States Government is desir?
ous of protecting all peaceful and law
abiding citizens, and they will confer a
favor on these headquarters, and do justice
to themselves, by giving any information
tliey may have in their possession respect?
ing the names and movements of such
bands, and, if possible, aiding in their
The time has arrived when it behooves
every citizen to do all in his ?lower to
assist the military forces of the United
States to restore peace and harmony
throughout the land. By order of I
'Lieut. Col. N. HAUGHTON, '
2. h 0. V. V. I., Com'dg U. S. For ces,
City of Columbia.
W. J. KYLF., 2d Lieut. 25th O. V. V. I.
aud Post Adjutant- may 29
OA HOGS, m cood citing order. Also,
-WV/ Bede and Bedding; 1 good Cooking
Stove, complete. Apply at Capt E. S.
Keitt'6 Farm. may '27 8*
Headq'rs United States Forces,
CITY OF COLUMBIA, S. C.,
MAY 20, 1S65.
THE following circular from headquar?
ters Northern District Department of
the South, dated , at Orangeburg,- S. C ,
May 25, 1865,is publi-shed for the informa?
tion and guidance of the planters of this
District. By command of
Lient Col. 25th Reg't O. V. V. I..
Com'g U. S. Forces, citv of Columbia, S. C.
W. J.'KYLE, Lieut. 25th O. V. V. I. and
HEADERS NORTH ERN DISTRICT,
DEPARTMENT OF THE SOUTH,
. ORANGEBURG, S. C., May 25, lS??.
To the Planters of South. Carolina Residing
within thc District:
You are invited, after taking the oath
of allegiance to the United States Govern- .
mrnt prescribed by the President of the
United States, in his proclamation of De?
cember 8, 1863, to make equitable con?
tracts for labor with the freedmen. Such
contracts, approved by the commander of
the nearest military post, will be consi?
dered binding- ou both parties, and will 1 e
enforced by the military authorities as far
as the exigencies of the service will allow.
The contract will set forth in words the
freedom of the laborer.
"Where the freedman is. from agc or in?
firmity, unable to labor and without natu?
ral protector, his support will devolve
upon the Parish to which be belongs.
The citizens of each Parish are request?
ed to meet and devise some method for
providing for such persons; and until such
providion is made, they will remain on,
and draw t^eir support from, the planta
tions where they now are.
(Signed,) JOHN P. HATCH,
Brig. Gen. Commanding.
(Signed,) EDGAR B. VAN WINKLE, Capt
and A. D. C. may 27 3
Headq'rs Department of the South,
HILTON HEAD. S. C., MAT 15, 1S65.
GENERAL ORDERS NO. ?:S.
ITHE proclamation of A. G. Ma
. groth, styling himself Governor of
South Carolina, Outed at Headquarter?,
Columbia, South Carolina, May 2, 1805,
declaring that aW subsistence stores and
the property of the Confederate States
within the limits of the State should be
turned over and accounted for by the
Agents of the Slate, appointed for that
purpose, and directing tba?, the subsistence
and other stores shall bf used for the relief
of the people of the State; and the pro?
clamation of Joseph E. Brown, styling
himself Governor of Georgi?, dated at the
capital ot that State, on the '3d day of
May, 1865, requiring the officers and mem?
bers of the General Assembly to meet in
extraordinary session nt the Capitol, in
Milledgeville, on Monday,, the 22d day of
May, 1865; and the proclamation of A. K.
Allison, styling himself Acting Governor
of Florida, dated ar. Tallahassee, on the
8th day of April, 1805, giving notice and
direction that an election will be held on
Wednesday, tin; 7111, day of June. 1st*,",
for Governor of thc State of Florida; are,
each and all of them, declared null and -
void; it having become known to me, from
trustworthy information, that the afore?
said A. (r. Magrath, Joseph E. Brown oud
A. K. Allison, arc disloyal to the United.
States, having committed sundry und di
vers acts of treason against the same, Tn
adhering to their enemies, giving thein"aid
The persons and peoples, to whom the
proclamations hereinabove referred tc
have been re*pectively addressed, are
therefore enjoined and commanded to give
no heed whatever thereto, or to any.
ordeis. proclamations, commissions or com?
mands, emanating from persons claiming
the right to exercise the functions and au?
thority of Governor in either of the States
ol South Carolina, Georgia or Florida,
unless the same shall have been promut
gated bj' the advice or consent cf the
United States authorities.
II. The policy and wishes of the Gene?
ral Government toward the people of these
.States, and the method which should be
pursued by them in resuming or assuming
the exercise of their political rights, will
doubtless be made known at an earlv day.
lt is deemed sufficient, meanwhile, to
announce that the people of the black
race are free citizens of the United States,
that it is the fixed intention of & wise and
beneficent Government to protect them in
the enjoyment, of their freedom aral the
fruits of their industry, and that it is the
manifest and binding duty of all citizens,
whites as well as blacks, to make such
arrangements und agreements among tbeni
'jelves, for compensated labor as shall be
mutually advantageous to all parties.
Neither idleness nor vagrancy will be tole?
rated, and the Government, will not ex?
tend pecuniary ai-' to any persons, whether
wfi?te or black, who are'unwllling to hulp
III. District and Post Commanders
throughout this Department will at once
cause this, order to be circulated far and
wide, by special eouricrs or otherwise, and
will take such steps to secure its enforce?
ment as may by them be deemed necessa
ry. Q. A. G1LLMORE,
ma}' 2G Major General Commanding.
^Y7iIITEt,MlTH' LOCKSMITH, Horse
VY sliocr, Wheelwright and Smith in
general-nearly opposite Catholic Church.
All kinds of FARMING WORK done ou
the shortest notice and the most reasonable
terms, tor provisions or cash, may 2? 6