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$1 a Month, in Advance. ''Let our just Censure attend the tmo Even*."-Shaksprare. Single Copies Five Cents
By J. A. SELBY. . COLtJMBIA, S. C., FRIDAY MORNING, MAY 19, 1865. VOL. l.-NO. 43.
THE COLUMBIA PHONIX,
rUBLlSriED DAILY, EXCEfT SVNIIAT,
BY JULIAN A. SELBY.
TERMS-IN' AD VANCE.
Six months, - - - - $5
One monti), ... - l
One square, (ten lines,) one time, 50 el3
Subsequent insertions, - 35 cts
Special notice.- ten cents per line.
Rain on the Roof.
When the humid storm clouds gather
Over all the starry spheres.
And the melancholy darkness
Gently weeps in rainy tears,
'Tis a joy to press the pillow
Of ti cottage*chamber bed,
And to listen to tim patter
Of the soft rain overhead.
livery tinkle on the shingles
HMS an echo in the heart,
And a thousand dreamy fancies
Into busy beingslart;
And a thousand recollections
Weave their bright hues into woof,
As 1 listen to tlie. patter
Ot the soft rain ><n the roof.
T?tere in fancy con.es my mother,
As she used to years ngotie,
To survey tli? infant sleepers.
Ere she. left them tili tin- dawn.
1 can tee lier betiding o'er nie,
As i listen lo the strain
Which is phived upon the shingles
liv the pat 1er of the rain.
Then my little seraph sister.
Wi, h her wings and waving hair;
And her bright-eyed cherub brother,
A selene, angelic i m ir;
Glide around my wakeful pillow
With their praise ol mild reproof,
As I lisien to tin- murmur
Of the soli rani on the roof.
And another comes io ll: ri ll me
With her eyes' delicious blue,
1 foi ?jet as g izi \n on her,
Thal her henri, was all untrue;
J remouiller that J loved her
A> J io-', i- may I. v.- aeain.
And my heart's quirk pulses vibrate
To tue patter of thc rain.
There ?> naught in art's bravuras
That eau work with eu:-h a spell,
In the spirit's pure deep fountains.
Whence the holy passions .?well,
As thal melody of naturi
That'subdued, subduing strain.
Which is played upon tho shingles
By the pul ter ot ! he rain.
Chief Justice Chase, the Great Negro
We of the Herald are no worship?
pers of llie negro. Outside of re?
ligion, the only thing wo worship is
the Constitution of the United States.
According to the Constitution the
question of negro suffrage is left lo the
several State-?, and there wo are con?
tent to leave, it. When the negro
shall have shown Iiis ca pac? tv to vote
oj his good eon incl under the severe
test, of sudden emancipation, we shtili
be. in favor of extending to him the
privilege of suill?age. J Jut, when it is
extended, it. must, be extended - ?ti a
Constitutional manner. Mew York
allows the negro to vote uppn certain
conditions, and the right ol the States
to impose these conditions, each for
itself, has never been questioned by
any sound statesman. Indeed, the
most radical abolitionists have not
vet ventured to question if, although
they now exhibit every disposition to
begin the attack. While, therefore,
we have no objection to nemo ?u<
frage whenever the masses of tito race
show themselves worthy of it, wc
insist that the matter sljuil be settled
constitutionally. Om position in iv^aid
to the question is one with which no
honest, intelligent man can diil'er, and
weare satisfied thal it is the position
of ]'resident Johnson and his ad minis
tralion. '1 he social .stall's of thc
negro is, of course, rudie another a Hair.
These t/.it gs being so, we cordially
svmpalhise \-. ill* the popular indig
nation nt ! he d?gradation ol' the ermine
worn by Chief Justice Chase, during
eleciunecriiig tour among the
canebrakes of South Carolina. Jl
Mr. Chase fools himself unfitted for
the office of Chief Justice, ii lie knows
himself to ho incompetent to discharge
its duties and meet its responsibilities,
ho. cnn tender ld5 resignation, which
will he at once accepted. But while j
lie'holds the office, he is morally bound !
not to disgrace it. The office, is a sub- |
lime one, and the illustrious prcdecesn
sors of Mr. Chase appreciated its
dignity and importaree. We can |
imagine Chief Justice Marshal! shud- j
dering with indignation in his grave, j
as he sees the Chief Justiceship trans
formed into a temporary refuge ior a j
restless politician, who uses its high- j
prerogatives to prosecute hts plans for
securing a Presidential nomination, j
careless whether or not those plans
may involve the country in a sanguin?
ary social war. The circular letter
sent to the West hy Mr. Chase reveals
what his purposes are, and his stump?
ing tour amone the Southern negroes
develops the means hy which he hopes
to succeed. Ile intends, if possible, to 1
be our next President, and he expects ;
to accomplish this hy means of ti." I
ultra radical and, perhaps, the free i
negro vole. This vote he desires to I
gain through the agitation of 'he negro I
suffrage question, as a sort of appen- ?
! dix to the abolition question. We ;
i oppose this Iamen'ab'e scheme, not
I because we believe that it, lins tin- ?
j slightest prospect of success, so far as ',
J Mr. Chase is concerned, but because |
; of thi' degradation ol the Chief dus
j 'iee,hip in being thus dragged through ;
i the moe of politics, and because of thc I
dreadful consequences which mav fol- \
low such aa agitation as tile Chief
Justice has commenced.
The relations between the whites of i
? the. South and the recently freed
negroes are naturally most delicate. Tt
will require the ahlesi statesmanship to j
reconcile both these classes to their
new conditions and to prevent rt col- '
lision bete,cen them. TLC. ne.groes*|
cannot oe transformed from slaves t*. :
freemen in a day, without great danger .
of the most determined antagonism
between them aud their formel masters. I
We see that danger cropping ont I
! in th? plot which has just been dis
! covered among t'ne negro troops in ,'
I Memphis to assassinate the paroled
rebel soldiers. So intent were the j
negroes upon ;hts savage and foolish j
revenge, that they attempt! d to over- ;
power thc while-troops guarding them: I
a serious conflict ensued, and the riot !
was not quelle I until about twenty j
negroes were killed or wounded. Tie' :
j same passion exists among all the freed ?
I negroes of the South as am mg the j
? negroes at Memphis. Thc barbarity I
ol the native African is hy no means |
extinct in ?lie emancipated 'slave. To
tree a negro is not itself suIHeient to
; educate him to enjoy his freedom j
aright, and to employ and improve it |
as ile ought. 1 le! ween this I rue (roe- ''?
I dom and Iiis furnier stale of slavery is ;
! a period cf transition, which is also a
I period of danger. The vices ol !
; shivery remain; the virtues of freedom
' are tn?L vet acquired. The negro be- j
j hollis his late mast* r delivered into j
I his hand. Ile linds the great Covern- j
j ment which once assisted in keeping I
him a slave now arrayed against slave- ;
hoblers, lu-cause slaveholders have been j
rebels. The temptation for him to
j use the lash, the knife and the Indict j
I upon those who were his oppressors is ?
! quite obvions, and his inclination is to ?
j yteld to the temptation. < >n the :
: ?''her hand, tho white ince at. the j
j South resents the negro's claim to
j equality as a presumption, and is all i
? 'he mure aggravated because of its j
i own ruined fortunes, the di luibance j
i ol the old system of lah >r, and the ?
I evident preference given lo tho blacks '
1 on account of their iva!, assumed or
interested loyalty. Thus both sides
j are ready for a terrible coullict, and |
! only the nicest statesmanship eau avert j
I thc catastrophe.
I At lids crisis, and while the Govern- i
; incut is considering hew to suive this !
1 difficult .-uni important plo', lem, Chief
Justice Chase visits.he South. Ile
I conies ostensibly to est ibiisli or ic o en .
i the United States com!., although his
j presence for such an object i entirely j
[superfluous aud unnecessary. Really^ '
and without extenuation, he comes as
a firebrand to precipitate :i conflict
which il is Iiis solemn duty to prevent.
\\ ii bout delay he sets himself up as an
authority outside of the Government,
atol, therefore, in opposition to the
Govern aje ut; for dining such crises he
who is not with us is against us.
Knowing the immense gravity which
attaches lo his words on account ot the
position he occupies, he calls together
two or three thousand bhmks, and dues
not hesitate lo suggest doubts <>f the
policv of the Administration towards j
them, adding the significant sneer that i
Le-the great negri? worshipperis
'no longer in its councils.' Ju the very
face of the Constitution he announces
that he 'knows no reason' why the j
privilege of suffrage may not be at j
once aiul universally given to the |
blacks, thus predeciding a. constl- ;
tut ional quesiinn which may possibly |
be brough! before the Supremo Court ;
for its decisi m. lt is l?ad enough for
the Chief Justice lo volunteer these j
semi-judicial opinions: ie:! il is wor?e
for him io volunteer them for political
purpose?, goin?j into thc market to hiJ
for negro volo- against thc ? orson wlio
arrested ex Governor Aiken, because
that Southern loyalst had thirty thou?
sand tlollars' wirtli of silver plate and.
twenty thousand bottles of old wine in
his cellar, ls Mr. Chase ignorant <?!
the iionois ol' St. Domingo? ls he
unmindful ot t!:c fact that those hor?
rors arose, not bom the actual procla?
mation of freedom, hui from the efforts
to le-adjitrM the status of tho emanci?
pated blacks? Ignorantly or wilfully,
bc is provoking a new social war
tween tb.> races of thc South. 11 is
words ato. incendia rv. .-in ? they em?
barrass the Government. Instead of
being at his pos*, .-t ,]\:\y at Washing?
ton, to assist in the trial of the assas?
sination conspirators, be is electioneer?
ing among possible voters for suffrages
w hich may yet bc dei.iel them. Willi
all eur respect fur the < nba: he kohls,
we cannot forbear rebuking such oro
ccodings in the si roi o urs. In
deed, our respect for'ki Chief Justice's
ermine renders us th? more impatient
wit ! bim who bedraggles and dis?
graces il.-2Vcw J orle Herald.
~t r -
Important Notice to Cotton Owners.
Ol-TCI?OF U. S. PfliCMARtXf: AfSRXT,
Charleston, S.O., May'll, IS05.
The. attention ol .?ll cotton owner.1;
is called lo tue following extracts from
the "Amended Regulations for the
purchase of produc?s of ;] o insurrec?
tionary States on Government a?'count,
issued from the Treasury Department,
of date May 1865, and approved
hy the President, of the same date.
?I. Agents shall he appointed hy the
Secretary of the Treasury, with the
approval of the President, to purchase I
for thc knited Stales, under special in-!
sfructions from the Secretary of the j
Treasury, products of Stales declared
lc? be in insurrection, nt such places as
may from time to time be designated
hythe Secretary of the Treasury as
markets or places of purchase.
'III. The operations of purchasing]
agents shall he confined to the sino-le
article ol cotton; and thev shall "ive
public notice nt the place to' which
they shall be assigned, that they will
purchase in aceordance with (hese
r?gulations, all colton not captured, or
abandoned, which may be brought to
'IV. To mr-ei tho requirements of
thc 8th Section of the Act of July 2d.
I S(U, the agents shall receive all
cotton so brought, nnd forthwith return
to the seller throe-fourths thereof,
which portion shad be an average
grade of thc whole, according to the
certificate of a sworn expert or sampler.
'V. All cotton purchased nnd resold
by purchasing agents shall be exempt
from all fe s and all ?nicrr.nl taxes.
And the agent . oiling shall mark the
same mee,' and furnish to lite pur?
chaser a hill of : ale clearly and accu?
rately describing tko character nod
quantity sold, and containing a c^r
hfieate that it is exempt from taxes and
lees as above.
il *? * * *r
'IX. Adi ageuU are prohibited from j
purchasing any product of ?n insur- j
rectionary State, which shall have
beea captured by the military or nava!
forces of the United States, cr winch
shall have been abandoned Ly the j
lawful owner thereof.
'X. These regulations, which, mein
tended to revoke and annul ail others j
on the subject heretofore made, will |
take effect and be in loree on and after j
May 10, 18G5.'
The undersigned has been appointed
Purchasing Agent at Charleston, and j
hereby gi\es notice that he is prepared
to purchase, in accordance with the
regulations of which the above para?
graphs arc extracts, all cotton not cap?
tured or abandoned, which may be
brought to him. The war is virtually
closed, and to thc end that the people
may. to as full extent, as possible, com?
mence to reap the benefits of a state of
peace, it is desirable that the old and
regular channels of trade be re-e-stab- j
lisbon, new ones opened, and tho occu- j
nations of the people both in city and
country be resumed, lt is expected j
that the purchase by the Treasury De- 1
partaient, in good faith, of the cotton j
in tin; country now in the hands of its '
owners, returning therefor a fair .-ind j
honest equivalent, will largely tend to ?
bring about a state ot things so much i
to tie desired hy all. Restrictions I
upon trude are now virtually abolished, ;
and citizens tuav, with a lew uuiuipor- ?
tant exceptions, now purchase and take
awav whatever their necessities require; !
and I feel satisfied that the disp> sition j
do al! that mav he done tu hnng '?
about euee more a norr*e-i and I" r.Hhv ;
condition of trade will not now le.'i
The Adlest protection will bc given
upon its an ?val .-it Charle ion, an?! 1
such oilier protection and safe conduct
as 11 J o agent may he able to ul.lui;; ?"ur '
cotton in transit, will he froidv afforded. :
Any further information that may
he required i:i regard to the purchase
or sale of cotton will be cheerfully ?
given at this office. j
J. M. lil ATT, j
United Slates Purchasing Agent.
Approved: dons P. HATCH, I>rig. ;
(lenci;:1 Commanding N. D. D.S.
Headq'rs United States Tercos,
CITY OF COLUMBI A. S C.,
MAI 26, I860, j
R BM IK following ci rou lar from Loadquar 1
L te rs Northern District Department of j
the South, dated at Orange!?? rg. S. C,
May 'JD, i S I I >, i S published for the in !'.?i mil?
li.-Ii and guhlance of the planters of tiiis j
District. By command of
Lient. Col. 25th Reg'' o. V. V. I . j
Com't: U. S. Forces, city of Columbia, S. C.
VV.\l. KYLE, Lieut. ?5th o. V. V. I. and j
IIEADO/RS NORTHBR.N DISTRICT, '
DEPARTMENT OF THE SOI TH,
Oi;\M.i:ia iso, S. C., May 25, 18(55.
ci ncr LAR. 1
To ??ir /'/??? 'ern of South Carolina Rt.it Ii m/ '
icilhiit thc District:
You arc invited, after taking the oath |
of allegiance to the I'nilcd States Gov ern- !
ment prescribed by the President of tit?* j
I nited States, in his proclamation of !>..- j
ecu,bc.- s', JSC'?, to make cipiitable eon- i
tracts for labor with thc freedmen. Such 1
contracts, approved by the commander o !
the nearest military post, will be consi?
dered binding on both parties, and will le
enforced by the military authorities as far ;
ns i he exigencies ol the service will allow. :
The contract will set forth in words thc j '
freedom of thc laborer.
Where the freedman is, from ac:'' or in- j
firmity. unable to labor and without natu
ral protector, his support, will devolve ; '
upon the Parish to which li" belongs.
The citizens of each Parish arc request- . '
cd to meet and devise some method for i
providing for snell persons; and until such I '
providion is made, they will remain on,
and draw their support from, tl.c planta- j
tions win-re they now arc.
(Signed,) JOHN P. HAT IT.
B;ig. Gen, Ci mmanding. ? :
Officiai: *" P
(Signed,) EPGAK B. VAN WisKti - t'apl I i
and A. D. C. any 2.7 ' I
l?eadqVs United St aten Forcen,
CITY OF COLUMBIA. 3. C.,
MAT ?7. 1 EiiiS.
GENERAL ORDERS NO. 2.
INFORMATION having been received at
these headquarters Ot' the existence of
armed bands of marauders intestine the
country and committing depredan on
the property of peaceful citizens, it is
hereby ordered that ail persons composing
such will be considered and treated as
outlaws, and if caught, "viii receive the
severest punishment ot militar}- ?aw.
The United States Government is desir?
ous.of protecting all peaceful ntid law
abiding cit.izem9, ?nd they will co: fer n
favor on these headquarter?, end do justice
to themselves, by giving any information
they may have in their possession respect?
ing thc nan.es and movements of such
bands, and, if possible, aiding in their
cu pt ure.
The time has arrived when it behooves
every citizen to do all in hi:* power to
assist the military forcei of the United
States tu rest?le pence ned harmony
throughout tho land. By order of
Lieut. Col. N. HAUGHTON*.
25th O. V. V. I., Coni'drj U. S. Forces.
City of Columbia.
W. J. KYLE, 2d Lieut" 25lh 0. V. V. I.
and Post Adjutant- may $9
Headq'"3 Department of the South,
MILTON HEAD, S. C . MAY liv 1S65.
GENERA L ORDERS NO. 63.
ITllIi proclam?tluii of- A. G. Ma
a -rath, styling himself Governor of
S.mth Carolina, dated at Headquarters,
Columbia, South Carolina, May 2, 1805.
declaring that, all subsistence stores and
the property of thc Confederate Stales
within thc limits of the State should be
turned over and accounted for by the
Agents of the Slate, appointed for that.
purpose, and directing tim*, tiic subsistence
and other stores shall bc used for the relief
of tho people of thc Stale; and the pro?
clamation of Joseph K. Brown, styling
himself Governor of Georgin. dated at the
capital ol thal Mate, on the ?id day of
May, lS??, r- (pairingthe otliccrsaud mern
bent of the G.-neral Assembly to ;;>.<.! ia
extraordinary se.-*don at thc Capitol, in
KilMgevillv, on Monday, th? Vd dav ?if
May. JSiW.; and Un- pro-'-i.-.maisoii of A. h.
Allison, st.vlirur himfelf Acting Gov. r:*?r
of Florida, dated a- ';':i!lnh-is-v-\ r-n the
Sf li day of April, IS*:;., riving e..;....>
direction that an election will beheld on
Wednesday, the 7th day of .lune. Ito;,
for (? o vernor of ttl. Slate Florida arc.
each and all of them, declared nilli and
void; ii having become known to ine, frei.?
trustworthy information, that the afoi?,
said A. (i. Mserr.-ir.h. .hi&eph E. Brown arid
A. K. Allison, are disloyal to tho United
States, having e. mini.ted rain dry and ?ii
v. rs nels of treason against the same, in
adhering to their enemies-, giving them aid
The persons and peoples, to wkoni the
proclamations heieinahove referred to
liave b. ..i. i v;-"" iv. Iv a.jdr.-ssed. are
I her?! fore enj dr.- d and e.? mmanded to give
no heed whatever thereto, or to any
orders. proclamations, commissions or com ?
mauds, viminaliug from perform claiir.ir.g
the i IL!... to exercise the functions and Mi?
llion ty oi' Go< -ri:..i in either of the States
r.f South Carolina, Georgia or Florida,
unless ti.e same ; have been proinul
gated by ike a.b. ?ec or consent of the
United Stales authorities.
II. The policy and wi.hes of thc Gene?
ral Go vern un ni toward t he people of I IK-S-''
States, mid the method which should lie
pursued by them in resuming or assuming '
the exercise ol' their politic.:', iiglils, will
doubtless bc made known ?it an emly day.
lt is deemed sufficient, meanwhile, to
announce thal the people of the black
race are free citizens of tb. I riit.edSla'es,
that it is tiie fixed intention of ? wise and
beneficent Government to protect I hem in
the enjoyment of their freedom and the
fruits of their industry, and timi it is tho
manifest and binding duty of ni! citizens,
whites as weil as blacks, lo make :::eh
arrangement s ami agreements' among thcm
.u-lves, for compensated labor, as shad be
mutually advantageous to all parties.
Ne it her id! en es- nor vagra ney will be tob
rated, and tho Government will iir.1 .-j
(?.nd pecuniary aol i o an y j erf "ms, whether
u nite or black, who arc unwilling ti. help
III. 1 >..-ti?ct and Post Commanders
throughout this Department will al. once
muse this order lo be circulated far and
wide, by special couriers or otherwise, and
will luke snell steps to secure its enforce?
ment as may by them be deemed ncc essa
.y. " <>. A. GILLMOIll?,
may'Jil Major (?enera! Commanding.
10 Wrapping; Paper. 40
OLD NEWSPAPERS for'sale af. this
office. Price 2 M and IO cents a I Ol).
\\' 3ITF.S.M ITH, LO i KSMITIT, Horse
1 ? sheer. Wheelwright and Smith in
general-nearly opposite Catholic Church,
ill kinds of FARM INC WOiiK dorn- on
he (hort cut not : -e. and ll... most reasonable
.crme, for pr >v:. -orr: or ciah. may tO i