Newspaper Page Text
Thursday Morning, Jane 1, 1865.
Delusion lu Externals.
!* The exhibition of natioanl splendor or
of private opulence is seldom a sure proof
of national prosperity. The bankrupt
makes bis most extraordinary displays of ,
profligacy, just before his open failure!
and there is no moral filth more shocking
than that which imperial trappings are .
employed to conceal. Remarking to a
pupil the various transactions which had
takeu place within a short period, in and
about Adieus, during the splendid career
of Policies, one of the Greek sages con?
trasted its condition unfavorably with that
of the period when it was mostly wanting
in its present magnificence. Ile deplored
thc luxuries which had sprung up around
him, superseding the humble desires and
the moderate ambitions of a virtuous sim
plicily among thc people. Mere beauty
of externals could not reconcile him to the
lottenness which lay below; and he pre?
dicted these destinies which were inevita?
ble from the indulgence which never suf?
fered its means lo regulate the extent of
its desires, lt is only the few, in any
country, who can honestly make an exhi?
bition of wealth, or can virtuously repose
iu that indolenco which even wealth can?
not justify. An}' struggle, therefore, on
the part of the great bod}- of the commu?
nity, after the shows and pomps^which
belong to iiches, must be neither more
nor less than a contest in fraud for the
honors of bankruptcy. The philosopher
would always prefer to see a country
thickly scattered over with smiling and
cultivated farms, even though, at the same
time, the treasury of State or city re?
mained empty-since a people prosperous
by means of labor can always meet the
emergeuey, whatever form it ma}-take, by
which State or city is endangered, lt ir
not so certain that State or city can help
a dissolute people, who have yet to learn
the first rudiments of industry-. The no
blest edifices in every country are true
hearts and strong hands, souls not debased
by indigence nor enervated by luxury,
These will must certainly be. found ii
.ever} iiaii.iu, wio-i-e the Government, nei
thcr subjects them for ?LS creatures, rioi
affords them an un wholesome example In
its pomps.--a people who will have afilia
love for the soil they cultivate, and fo
the Government which, protecting then
from others, does not itself seek to oppres
them! "J would rather," said the sage
"see the national treasury forever withou
a penny; than know that any worthy citi
zen stood hopelessly in necd*of one."
The Last of the Confederate Navy
The Courier states that something defi
nite concerning thc fate >>f the rebel rar
Stonewall has been received. Her com
manlier, act ing upon prudence, has see
fit to turn the vessel over to the Spanis
authorities at Havana, to be held by thei
in trust for the United States Governmen
The Ctiptain did not have funds sufficier
to pay olf the crew. Accoiding to th
opinion of experienced naval officers, th
ram is like all others built by and for th
Confederates-a failure in point of figh
ing qualities. Against a wooden vesse
she would have had some chance; bi
when it came to fighting an iron-clad,
was considered prudent to decline tl;
contest. With the exception of the Sh.
nandoah, the surreuder of the Stouewa
disposes of the entire fleet of rebel pt
vateers. The Shenandoah is supposed 1
be in the vicinity of the Ea6t Indies. SI
will doubtless be heard from definite
within a few days, and if we do not err
judgment, she will not veuture tar t
wards our coast.
WHERE IS A U S. MAIL AGENT?-Tha
the question. And a very important 01
it is, too. If there is a person cloth,
with authority to set the mail machine
agoing in this section, we wish he wou
make his appearance and "come down
his work." If there is no such individi
assigned to duty for "here nud hoi
abouts," we sincerely hope tho departmc
at Washington will take mercy on v pn
miserable singers, and immediately na
our mail matters once more righted. 1
says the Augusta Chronicle, but, as it 1
plies equally well to this section, we adc
lt is raid that some ol' th? North c,\
boa planters will procure white labor
from Hie r-'crlb, . n acceuut of the scare
Wo doubt not that, as soon aa the dif?
ferent railroads in the Stnto aro placed in
running order,'there will be a brisk trade
between this city and the cities and towns
in the interior. A number of our enter?
prising merchants, in anticipation of this
trade, have t.iken large stocks of goods to
points on the North eastern and the South
Carolina Railroads, and offer to take cot?
ton iu exchange for the merchandize. The
people in thc country ure very desirous to
provide themselves with dry goods, cloth?
ing, groceries, otc. but have not the cash
with which to purchase. With the cotton,
however, which they have on hand, they
will fiud no difficulty in making bargains.
What the people are mostly in waut of
now are facilities for transporting eotton.
Horses and mules are very scarce, and
there are few wagons to be obtained. Even
when th? railroads are iu operation the
holders of notion will meet with some
drawbacks at first in getting the cotton
to points where it may be shipped, on ac- |
count of the lack of wagon transportation.
Rut in thc course of time facilities will be |
presented, and then a lively trade will I
The ?piestion is repeatedly asked- How
arc the people in the country to provide
themselves with greenback?? That they
can easily do when thc Government agents
appointed to purchase cotton establish j
their offices in different portious of the
State, lt cannot be expected that green?
backs will be abundant, in the interior
until crops are raised; but there will,
doubtless, be a sullicient quantity to in?
augurate a yood trade within a short time.
lt is highly important, in order to se?
cure a circulation of money through the
States of the South," that close attention
be given to the cultivation of the soil.
Not a few planters express apprehension
that they will he unable to secure labor?
ers. We think no difficulty of that nature
will arise, provided the owners of planta?
tions are early in making proper arrange
ments with the persons whom they choose
lo employ. The colored people are de
pended upon to do the work, and it is
with t hem that the planters must deal.
In Ibis connection, it may not.be amiss '
to say to thc colored people in the
country, who contemplate coming to the
eily to live, that the supply of rice which
the Government has been distributing to
the poor is nearly exhausted, nnd they
will be compelled to seek employment ??ut
of the city, in order to keep off starvation.
In view of this, the more intelligent of
the freedmen should lose no time in ex?
plaining to the others among th?m that
they will best serve their own interests by
remaining on the plantations and receiving
a fair compensation for their services.
ORAXCKIIUKG, S. C , Maj'25.-Daily rail?
road communication with Charleston and
the re-opening of the telegraph office
changes the appearance ot this village
completely. Besides the troops, many
visitors, including old and new friends,
frequent t he streets. Fire has disfigured
the town, but its groves and lawns are
uninjured Stores are being opened and
The corn fields in this vicinity are iu fine
condition; but not all of them aie early.
Other crops promise well. Much planting
lias been done, and the negroes remain
willingly with their old masters, when
they are well used.
Last Sabbath, the negroes in this section i
congregated about the camp of the 55th
Massachusetts C. T., a mile and a half
from town, and listened to a discourse
from a preacher of their own color. He
repeated the sentiments of Rev. Henry W.
Beecher, advising industry, respectful be?
havior and renewed life. The 55th Regi?
ment O. V. attended the Presbyterian
The citizens are gladly taking the oath
of allegiance, and, although the houses are
all full, there is generally a welcome for
the stranger at every door. Property is
respected, and there is a disposition among
the soldiers to favor the people in every
way possible. The orphan children are
special favorites in the camps.
[Cor. Charleston Courier.
THE DUTY OK THE SOUTHERN PEOPLE.
Our people, the people of all the South,
should arouse themselves to a true sense of
their present political condition, and reso?
lutely resolve to discharge every duty re?
quired of them as oitizens of the United
States, or that may be required of them
by the laws of the liud, and their obliga?
tions to society, their families and friends.
There is much for them all to do, and time
to do it in; but there is no time for the
indulgence of feelings of humiliation, or
of any other that will detract from their
usefulness to society or to the State-the
country in which they live, or of which
they are citizens.
The lot of the South is the award of
destiny. There is no power on earth
certainly none within the limits of South?
ern territory-that can change it. We
must receive it and abide by it. Let this,
then, be done, not in a despondent but in
a hopeful spirit; not as a people humiliat?
ed in their own estimation, when they are
not so in the world's; not as a race infe?
rior to any, but ns a race equal to any, in
all the attributes conferred by his Maker
upon man.-Atlanta Intelligencer.
The New York Herald, of the 24th. says
that 1,800 rebel prisoners were released
from confinement at Indianapolis, Ind., on
yesterday and the dav previous, on taking
the oath "f nllcgiance.
The office of the Columbia Phoenix is
on Gatos street, second door from Plain.
We are indebted to Col. Haughton and
Mr. Lewis P. Ashby for late New Torie,
Charleston and Philadelphia papers. Alno<
to Mr. J. Brown for the Winnsboro Ne-xf,
and to the Southern Express Company for
Augusta, Atlanta and Macon paper?.
The Southern Express wagon line to
Charlotte, Greensboro, Wilmington and
intervening points has been resumed, and
will run weekly, leaving Columbia every
Thursday, until farther notice.
Mr. H. Simons has commenced supply i ng
hts old customers with bread*. Perhaps a
few new ones could also be accommodated.
Give him a trial. His bakery is on the
South side of the College Campus.
"QUICKEST TIMK ox RECORD."-I>r. J. W.
Parker laid on our desk, yesterday morn?
ing, at 10 o'clock, a copy of the Charles?
ton Courier, of the 30th inst. The Doctor
has, on this trip, we believe, made the
best time between the two cities since the
destruction of the railroad.
TRANSPORTATION THROUGH THE UP Cocx
TUY.-Our friend, S. W. "Wright-fami
Early known as Sam-has several good
teams and excellent drivers, with which he
is prepared to transport freight to and
from any part of the up country, at rea?
sonable rates. In this connection, we
would return our sincere thanks to Mr.
Wright for repeated lavors in his line.
PEACE AND THE POCKET BOOKS.-In the
?week aiding Moy 6, the subscriptions to
the seven-thirty loan amounted, in r<und
numbers, to $40.300,000. The people
woke up to this astounding fact on Mon?
day, and Tuesday mornings mails and
telegrams brought to Jay Cooke <fe Co.
orders for *15,165,300, which were filled
that day. These were increased Wednes?
day nearly two and a half millions;
Thursday fell off ? little, though ?tili in
advance of Tuesday; Friday was a little
short of fourteen millions. Rut on Satur
dav came a rush; nearly thirty and a half
millions were tiie subscriptions for that
day. The week footed tip as follows:
Monday. May 8. $6,183.200; Tuesday, May
0, 15,165,300: Wednesday, May 10, 17.
410.100; Thursday, May" ll, 14,411,300;
Friday, May 12. 13,702,300; Saturday,
May 13, 30,451,950. Total for the week.
$98,384.650. In twelve working days, the
people lent the Government about $139,
000,000.-New York Tribune.
RICHMOND REAL ESTATE.-A speculator
who went to Richmond some two weeks
nero to make investments in real estate, il
he could do so with a prospect of profit,
lins just returned here. Ile made no pur
chases, for the reason that buildings and
lots have been already put up to a high
figure, the prices in many instances being
three times that charged before the war.
Lots in the burnt district cannot he had.
except at prices as great as those charged
a year ago for the same lots with the
buildings on them. Our informant says
the amount per foot ia greater than in this
city. This is the voluntary tribute of the
people to Yankee enterprise and thrift.
The only answer to any protest against
the extortion being, "Times are changed;
this yere is gwiue to he a big city now,
youens have come."-New York Tribune.
Jeff. Davis, Clement C. Clay and some 1
other members of the party of leading
rebel captives were on Monda}- last taken
from the steamer Clyde, in Hampton
Roai's, and transferred to the strong caso
mates of Fortress Monroe for safe keeping.
On the dav previous, the rebel Vice Pre?
sident and Postmaster-General, Alex. H.
Stephens and Regan, were despatched on
board the Tuscarora for Fort Lafayette,
in New York harbor, and Gen. Wheeler,
three of his staff officers and Cols. John
son and Lubbock were started for Fort
Delaware. The wife and family of Jeff.
Davis were not placed in Fortress Monroe;
but it is understood that they will be sent
back to the South, and not be permitted
to come to the North.-New York Herald.
The New York Herold expresses the
opinion that, before the end of the coming
summer, cotton can be purchased any?
where for tweuty cents. Making liberal
allowance for all that has been shipped
off.Jall that has been worked up in domes?
tic factories, all that has been wasted, and
all that has been burned by both armies,
there are, perhaps, not less than two mil?
lions and a half of bales remaining of the
last four years' crop in Hie Southern
Slates, that will bo brought into market
to meet the wants of the Southern people.
A Wilmington (N. C.) paper s.iyp; Some I
of our soldiers driving in the swamps back
of the town, have struck a mine from
which have alreauy been tnken several
hundred barrels of turpentine and a
quantity of rosin. The superiority of those
mines over the Pennsylvania oil wells is
that the product here is found in barrels
all ready for market, the only expense ne?
cessary in working them being the cost of
labor in rolling the barrels out. Further
explorations are being made.
COUNCIL CHAMBEU, May :',0, 1SG5.
Present-His Honor the Mayor; Alder?
men Bates, Blakely, Glass. Glaze, Harris,
Hope, Leaphart, Stork and Wells.
The minutes of the 23d and 26th inst,
were read and confirmed.
The application of William Simons, for
auctioneer's license, was referred to the
Clerk, with power to grad.
. The Relief Committee submitted a re?
port, which wne adopted. .
On motion of Alderman Harris, it was
Resolved, That in view of the destitu?
tion of tlie people of the city of Columbia
nnd the surrounding country, and the im?
possibility of the city furnishing provi?
sions, that his Honor the Mayor be author?
ized to confer with the United States au?
thorities, and ascertain if any aid, in the
way of food for the poor, can be obtained
from the United States Government.
On motion of Alderman Glass, it was
Resolved, That the ordinance lo raise
supplies for the year 18G5, and the ques?
tion of collecting taxes, be referred to the
Committee of Ways and Means, with a
request that they report the) con at the
Alderman Blakely offered the following
resolution, which was adopted:
Resolved, That the Mayor, in conjunc?
tion with the Chief of Police, have the
power to reduce the policemen to such
number as they in their discretion may
think proper, aud that they make such
appointments as they think most compe?
On motion of Alderman Glaze, il was
Resolved, That the polie* be instructed
to have the cattle, horses and mules that
are found in Sidney Park after thc 1st day
of June next, driven up daily to a place of
security, and that a fine of $2 per head be
collected from the owner; in case of de?
fault of payment, the cattle to be butcher?
ed for the benefit of the city, or disposed
of as the Mayor may judge best.
A. G. BASK IN, City Clerk.
A NEW LIGHT.-We were delighted on
Thuieday evening in being able to have
our establishment lighted once more with
gas. The gas is now manufactured from
coal, and any one who has seen the dim,
sickly flame which is derived from '.rood,
will not fail to appreciate the brilliant
glow which is secured from coal. The
Gas Company have made commendable
efforts to repair the pipes in thc various
parts of tlie city, and we suppose it will
not be long before we shall see the; streets
illuminated.- Chnrlestnu Courier, 20th.
On the 17th of February last. Mr. Sum?
ner introduced a joint resolution into the
Senate of the United States, which after
being adopted hy that body, was also
adopted by the House on the 3d of March,
and which subsequently became a law,
declaring "that the rebel debt or loan is
simply an agency of the rebellion, which
the United States can never, under any
circumstances, recognize in auy part or in
The Superintendents of the South west?
ern, Macon and Western and Central Rail?
road Companies, give notice that from and
after tiie 2 ft th ult., the rates of fare over
their respective roads will be five cents !
per mile in specie or national currenc}-.
and double those rates if paid in bil's of
Central and Georgia Railroad Banks, Bank
of Savannah. Murine Bank and tlie Bank
of Middle Georgia.
JEFF. DAVIS* PLUNDER.-A gentleman
recently arrived from Havana, says tlie
Charleston Courier, states that it is au?
thentically reported that, Jeff. Davis has to
his credit in Havana the sum of $lft0,0?0,
and has deposited in the Bank of France
?B350.0?0 in gold. Where did all this
money come from?
The United States Direct Tax Commis?
sioners tor South Carolina give notice
that their office in Charleston will be
closed duiing the summer months. Per?
sons having business with the commission?
ers can communicate with them at their
principal office in Beaufort, S. C.
It ?9 estimated that in the old world
there are 8.258 Masonic lodges, with
500,000 active members. The number of
non-active and those who have withdrawn
is nearly 3.000,000.
"In many parts of North Carolina, hospi?
tal "rats," deserters and disbanded men,
are said to have established a reign of
terror, plundering from friend or foe indis?
Terrible destruction of property on thc
Mississippi-the whole area from Donald
Bonville and the Guli up to Red River
A carriage, harness and epan of horses
have been tendered to President Johnson,
by citizens of New York, which he'de?
clined to accept.
An agent of Brighim Young ?3 buying
cotton seed in San Francisco, to plant in
the Sandwich Islands.
800 houses, with their contents, valued
at ?20,000,000, were destroyed by the fire
Secretary Welles paid a short visit to
Charleston a few days ago.
Decora, a famous Winnebago chief, died
recently at Lincoln. Wis., aged 183 years.
Four years ago, Oil City numbered 100
inhabitants; now it contains obou* 10,OGo.
On the evening of the 24th May, at the
residence of Mr. L. G. Carter, Abbeville
District, hv th- Kev. B. F. Mar.lv, D. D.,
Mr. E. C. EDGERTON, of Charleston, to
Mi??? LAURA F. CAUTER, of Abbeville
"1X7 ANTED, a competent WHITE WO
V\ MAN, to take charge of ai infunt
of a lady going North. Apply at thif
office. Recommendations required.
June 1 _1*
jsgan FREIGHT and PASSAGE
? '^^^^fc>r BlBckitocka cnn be hud
on TUESDAY or WEDNESDAY next, on
application to D?RBEC <fc WALTER.
June 1 _
Just Received and for Sale by?t
Lumber Street, Arxaial Hill.
June 1 2* CALICO, Ac
Headquarters, Northern District,
DEPARTMENT OF THE SOUTH,
CHARLESTON, S. C., April 25, 18?S.
Circular lo Planter?, etc.
NUMEROUS applications have been
made to me for information as to the
policy to be adopted on the subject of
All can understand the importance of
making a crop thc present season, and
foresee the misery and suffering consequent
upon its failure.
In the present unsettled state of the
country, and in the absence of any recog?
nized Slate authorities, I find it my duty
to assume control of the plantations near
the military lines, and order as follow.*:
1st. The planters, after taking the oath
of allegiance, will assemble the freedmen
(lately their slaves) and inform them that
they aTe free, and that henceforth they
must depend upon their own exertions lor
2d. Equitable contracts in writing will
be made by the owners of the laud with
the freedmen for the cultivation of the
land during thc present year.
Payment will be mufle in kind, and the
allowance of one half the crop is recom?
mended as fair compensation for the labor.,
the landlord furnishing subsistence until
thc crop is gathered.
Tiles? contracts will be submitted to the
nearest military or naval commander foi;
approval and endorsement.
When the above requirements are com?
plied with, protection will be granted HS
far as militar}- necessity will allow; but
where no contract ismade, the crop rai??:-j
will be considered forfeited lor tin n.-e of
the laborers. Should the owners refuse to
cultivate it, they will be considered as en?
deavoring lo embarrass the Government,
and the land will be used for colonies, ot
the freedmen from the interior.
JOHN P. HATCH.
June 1 Brig. Gen Commanding.
Headq'rs United States Forces,
CITY OF COLUMBIA. S. C..
MAY 27. 1865.
GENERAL ORDERS NO.
ALL citizens having ia their possession
any property that rightfully belongs
Lo the United States Government, accord?
ing to the terms of surrender of Gen. Jos.
[^""Johnston, C. S. A.. to Gen. W. T. Sher?
man, U.S. A., will immediately report the
lame to these headquarters.
Persons having mules, horses and wa?
gons, will, for the present, be permitted to.
retain the same for the purpose of carry
hg on their work. Any persou failing to.
somply with this order within a reasona?
ble time, will not only bc deprived of any
"arther us? of said property, but. will alsi>
nibject themselves to punishment by mili?
tary authority. Bv command of
Lieut. Col. 25th O. Y. V.,
Com'dg City of Columbia, S C.
W. J. KYLE. Lieut. 25th O. Y. Y. 1. and
Post Adjutant. maj' 29
WANTED immediatelv about. SIXTY
ABLE BODIED HANDS, to work
>n my turpentine works. Good rations
ssued and wages paid monthly. None
leed apply without recommendations.
Vpply at my residence, in rear of the
Marion Street Methodist Church,
.maySI 3* J. E. MEISTER.
I.^OR sale, a small quantity of No. 1
1 WRITING PAPER. Uso. some ex
ellent COPYING PAPER. Inquire at
his office. may 30
Headq'rs United States Forces,
CITY OF COLUMBIA, S. C.,
MAY 27. lS?i5.
I EX ER AL ORDERS NO 4.
N order to prevent any disturbance which
may arise from th? improper use of in?
dicating liquors, it is berebv ordered
li?t, for the present, no intoxicating ii
u rs will be sold or given away to any
ilizen or soldier, unless permission is
ranted from these headquarters. Any
ne found guilty of disabc}'ing lh?9 order,
nil not only have his goods confiscated,
ut will be subject to punishment by mili
iry law. By command of
Lieut. Col. N. HAUGHTON,
Comm II nding Post.
W. J. KYLE, Lieut. 25th O. V. V 1. and
'ostjAojuuut. niy 29