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The Columbia daily phoenix. (Columbia, S.C.) 1865-1865, June 02, 1865, Image 1

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$1 a Month, in Advance. ''Let our just Censure attend the tmo Even*."-Shaksprare. Single Copies Five Cents
By J. A. SELBY. . COLtJMBIA, S. C., FRIDAY MORNING, MAY 19, 1865. VOL. l.-NO. 43.
THE COLUMBIA PHjONIX,
l'CBU?UKD DAILY. EXUEIT SuVioAY,
BY JULIAN A. Si LB Y.
TERSIS-IN*AD I'-4 AyA'.
aUBSCUIPTlON".
Six months, . j- $5
One month, - - 1
APVKRT1S1NQ. j
One square, (ten linee,) one tirte, .SO cts
Subsequent insertions. - ? 35 cts
Special notices ten cents per jno.
. The Wife. *
On earth to man lhere is blltjone
Jlis heart can love, Iiis soul am own;
Though myriads flit before his view.
There's but one to whom hes true
That one can sway him to ?id fro,
Can make him dr aili the eupjof woe,
Ctn give him joy or 1 ?Inst. hp life.
And that one's name is simply wife.
But in that name a world isjspread,
A world by all beloved, reviled,
Who have the sense to know its.worth,
And spurn the giddy joys of earth;
For that, full heart in her dear breast.
If rightly prized, eternal reit
ls scarce with blissful sweets more rife
Thau that pure heart - a lobing wife.
AUOUT BONNETS.-A blick bonnet
with white feathers, with vhite roso,
or red flowers, suits a fair complexion.
A lustreless white bonnet does not
suit well with fair and ros? complex?
ions. It is otherwise with [bonnets of
puise, crape, or lace. They are snit-,
ante to ail complexions^ The white
bonnet may have flowers, ei?lwr white,
rose, or particularly blue., A light
blue bonnet is particularly .suitable to
tb? light-haired type?, lt may be or
.namenled with white flowers, but not
with ro*e or violet Howers. A green
bOnnei is advantageous to a fair or
rosy complexion, ft mnv be* trimmed
.with while Howers, but preferable
"with lose. A rose-colored bonnet
inu-L not he too close to the skin; and
if it is found that the bair does not,
r.roducc sufficient separation, the dis?
tance from the rose-color may brr in?
creased by moans of white, or oreen,
which is preferable. A wreath of
white Howers in the midst of their
leaves has a good efl-ct.
A black bonnet does not contrast so
well with the ensemble of the type;
with black hair as with the oilier type;
vet it. may produce a good effect and
receive advantageously accessories of
white, red, ro-e, orange and yellow.
A white bonnet gives rise t>? the same
remarks as those which have been
made concerning its use in connection
with C?e blondo type, except that for
the brunettes it is better to give the
preference to accessories o! red, rose,
and also yellow, rather than to blue.
Bonnets of rose, red, cerise, aro suit?
able for brunettes when the hair sepa
rates as much as possible the- bonnet
from the complexion. White feath?
ers accord well with red: and white
flowers, with abundance ot* leaves,
has as goori effo?t with loses. A
yellow bonnet suits a brunei te very
well, anil receives with advantage
violet, or blue accessories; the bait
must always interpose between lin
complexi?n and head-dress, lt is tin
same with bonnets ol an orange color
inure or Uss broken, such as chamois
Blue trimmings are eminently suit
able with orange ami its shades. A
green bonnet is suitable! to fair am!
light-rosy complexion; rose, rod, ol
white. llo\ crs are preferable to : !
others. A blue bonnet, is only suitable
to a fair or bright red complexion; nor
can it be allied to stich a> have a tin
of orange brown. When it. suits :
brunette, it may take with advantagi
yellow or orange trimming's. A viole
bonnet is always unsuitable to ever)
complex.on, since there are norn
which yellow- will suit. Yet il wi
interpose between thc violet and thi
skin, not only the hair, but also yellov
accessories, a bonnet, of this color ma
become favorable. As an importan
memorandum, it must be added, tba
whenever lue color ?d' a bonnet, doe
not realize the intended effect, eve;
when the complexion is separatei
fo.m the head-dress by masses of hail
rf i-i advantageous to place between th
hatrarid thc bonnet certain nccessoric
The Crops in South Carolina.
Many parties with whom we have
rcceutly conversed are of the impres?
sion that the colored people, now they
are set free, are wholly unable to take
care of themselves and will be a burden
upon the white population. But, a/
far as the facts of the case go to prove,
we ?re led to believe that the colored
people can, if they are so disposed, not
only take care of themselves and their
families, but contribute largely toward
the support of the whites. There is
not a reasoning man in the South who
(toes not admit that slavery is .extin?
guished. That being- the case, wHat
i; to be done towards insuring a full
benefit of the crops which are expect?
ed to bc raised during the coining'
season?
The colored men will work now as
they worked before, provided they arc
paid for their labor. They are con?
sidered by the Government to he on
the sumo footing with all people in
like circumstances.* The owners of
plantations-need not give themselves
the least trouble concerning the eultl- j
vation of their lands if they make the j
proper arrangements of compensation |
with the men whom thc}" hire to do !
t!io work. Let the same system pre
jv:iiI here that prevails at the i'orth.
A man who performs work there
receives pay for his labor, and it is
expected that the same method will be
pursued here in South Carolina.
Some farmers complain that the
colored people are deserting their plan?
tations; and, unless they return, or
others supply their places', the crops
for thc ensuing season must fall short.
If .these same fanners will take the
trouble to refer to an order recently
issued by Gen. Hatch, in which he
urges upon the owners and lessees of
plantations to make bargains with the
colored people, whom they formerly
held as slaves, by which the latter
shall receive due compensation for
their labor, np fear need be apprehend?
ed that the fields and plantations will
go uncured for.
The colored ns well as the white
people thoroughly understand that the
fields and plantations cannot he worked |
unless the men come forward ami !
oller their services. In the working
of these plantations there is room for
al! who are disposed to labor. The
Colored people jnttst understand {hat
they cannot remain in our midst and
idle away their time, depending on the
Government (or sapporo. It is true,
the United States authorities set them j
tree, but, in PO doing, ir, is expected < f :
the colored people that they will do
the best they can towards providing!
tor themselves.
Let tho colored people accept nnd I
act upon thc advice of tho Kev. James
Lynch, of this city, who tells them j
that they must not depend wholly |
upon tho United Slates Government
for support. The field is hro:id enough
for them all to labor upon, nnd it',
instead of coming to the city, they j
remain in the country and earn their
living they will benefit ail classes of
the community.- Charleston Courier^
-1-^- !
A mo=t extraordinary story is cur?
rent in Rome, it is to the effect that
a rn-' so urgently desired to sec the
Pope that the chamberlain, though,
.against the rule, consented to ask his
Soliriess ii he would see the man.
Tue chamberlain found the Pope pray?
ing, and wus twice answered, 'It is no
use for me to see a dead man;' upon j
returning to the spot where he ?iud i
?eft tbe man, the chamberlain, to his
horror and wonder, lound him lying
dead, rind on searching him, discovered
a revolver and a dagger, proving the
man to have premeditated assassination
who was thus stricken down by the
Almighty iii the moment of tho at?
tempt which was strangely revealed to
thc Pope.
An old toper says the two most
precious things now included, in
hoops, are girls,and kegs ot whiskey.
mmiggm ?nBiHiBnM rnrnmmm mm ?
JEFF. DAVIS LOSES HIS SI'EOIK.
Col. (.'lark, of 1 lie rebel army, who
was captured by one of our scouting
pu ties while endeavoring to escape
from Richmond on one of tho last
trains from the doomed city, asserts
that he was in charge of all the specif
which was removed from Richmond;
that when his train broke down and he
found it. impossible to get it on tho
track and off again, and seeing our
forces approaching, he ordered it set
on fire, and that all ins.efforts to save
the specie was unavailing; that the
soldiers broke open the kegs, and,
amid thc excitement and tumult, sol?
diers and citizens appropriated all there
was. Ile asserts thal lie knows that
no other amounts of specie not in tho
pockets of its owners were taken from
Richmond, and this lot was all stolen.
He stales further that the amount has
been vastly over-estimated, and con
linns the statement heretofore made by
(jen. Grant, that it. amounted only to
about 8200,000. Col. Clark was an
old regular army uliieer previous to
the breaking out of the war, and is a.
near relative of 'me of our most dis- j
tinguishe <? naval ifficers, to whom bel
communicated the above statements.
Hoi-still a prisoner in our hands,
and his truthfulness is not doubted by
any.-New York Herald.
Tun CULTIVATION OF KINDLY FEEL
[.NUS.-The Richmond correspondent
of the New York Times, referring to
the motley crow,I of officers and sol?
diers in l ine and grev uniforms, who
lately met in mortal strife, but now
mingle harmoniously together in that
city, says:
Our anxiety is, by n gentlemanly
interchange of thought and friendliness .
.d'demeanor, so to work upon the I
hearts under th; i ;;t 'v uniform, that .
they shalt feel rf un :<. hatred towards
us than we do, ur i ver did, toward ?
them, and ietd at least how much they
have always misconstrued us.
To the honor ol' both, the Northern
.and the Southern soldier, 1 am bound
to say that, in spite of this strange !
.public amalgamation, which would
seem to corni warm and angry discus?
sions where the ..nm clouds of war j
have scarcely yet roiled away, I have i
vet to hear one single word of un plea- I
saut argument, of crimination or re- j
crimination, among tl;c large and pro* I
miscuous crowds with which I am j
hourly brought, ?a contact. This is
true in the true 'chivalry1 which I ?
have found in iii" Soulh, and I .'".rn ;
gi id to say that thc North is not ono !
whit behind it. I
Xni'ot.r.oN's lb LE M M.v.-Napoleon i
is in a position ot' a man who lias to j
support'against formidable assailants, j
an rd ly who can lend him little aid, |
and may at a moment deprive him
even cf that little by a precipitate 1
dight. Supposing tiie host, he is j
bound to maintain at a great distance j
a French army-now, it is asserted- in
the Corps L?gislatif, raised once move I
to 450,000 mon - in order to keep up :
a throne which is not French, which
is occupied by a a man who refuses to !
be a French satrap, and which is j
menaced at once by the Catholic world j
and by one of the greatest of military
powers. But let us for a moment sup?
pose the worst. Imagine the Emperor
to have resigned, and escorted by his
Austrian guard, to have quitted Yera
Cruz in any German or British ship,
what will be the portion of the great
Emperor then? Obviously but one of
two courses will be op.-a to him. Either
he must acknowledge a defeat, or he j
must accept thc situation he himself
has created, and declare Mexico a de?
pendency of France.
[London Spectator.
GniKF.-A young lady being fold
that her lover was suddenly kilted, i
exclaimed, "Oh, that splendid gi ld j
watch of his! (Jivii it to me, that i j
may remember him and cherish his I
dear memory.'1 '
Thc New York News contains an
.account of a retired merchant in that
cit}', who caused his tomb stone to be
constructed and set up in Iiis bed?
room, with *the proper inscription
dates blai.k-chipped out, that unon
retiring it might inspire bim with
thoughts best fitted tn admonish him
of thc uncertainty of life, and the pos?
sibility ol' sudden death. Tho other
morning, not appearing at his usual
hour, the servants wert to his cham?
ber, forced open the door, and found
his body prostrate upon tho floor, with
the tomb-stone fallen upon his head,
which was crushed hy its weight.
"I have been young and now nm
old; asl stand before God tonight, I
declare that nothing I ever gave in
charity is regretted. O no! It is the
riches we keep that perish; that we
give away abides with us forever, it
impresses itself on our characters and
tell's on our eternal dot tiny; for the
habit of charity formed in this life will
accompany us to tho next. The buds
which begin to open here will blossom
in full expansion hereafter to delight
tiie eye of angels and beautify the
paradise of "God. Let, us then, now,
and on every occasion hereafter, practice
that liberality which in death we shall
approve, ami reprobate tho parsimony
we shall then condemn."
[lier. J)r. No',!.
Headq'rs Department of the South,
HILTON HEAT). S. C., MAY 15, 18G5.
a EXEU AI ORDERS X< K 63.
?THE proclamation <>f ' A. G. Ma
. grath, styling himself Governor ot
Smith Carolina, dated at. Headquarters,
Columbia, Sontb Carolina. May 2, 1805,
declrmiiix that all subsidence stores and
the property of the Conlcderalc States
within the limits of the State should he
turned over anti accounted for hy the
Agents of the S'rtte. appointed for that
pu-posc, P.nd .lire<-'.itur len* the subsist. nee
and other stores shall lu us-d for the relief
of the people of the State: and the pro?
clamation of .Joseph E. Jjrown, styling
himself Governor of Georgia, dated at. the
capital of that State, on the 3d day of
May, 18(15, requiring the officer and mem?
bers of the General Assembly to meet in
extraordinary session at the Capitol, in
Milled^eville,*>n Monday, th.- 22d day ?f
May. lSi'i?; and the proclamation of A. K.
Allison, styling himself Act inc Governor
of Florida, da'id ar. Tallahassee, on thc
8th day of April, 1805, giving notice and
direction that an election will bo held on
Wednesday, the 7th day of June. 1 Sr>5
for Governor of the ^tatc of Florida; are.
each and all of them, declared null and
void; it. having become known to nie, from
trustworthy information, that the afore?
said A. G. Magrath, .loseph E. Frown aud
A. K. Allison, are disloyal to the United
States, having committed sundry and di?
vers acts of treason against the same, in
adhering to their enemies, giving them aid
and comfort.
The persons and peoples, to whom the
proclamations lu reinal.ove referred to
have been respectively addressed, are
therefor'- enjoined and commanded to give
no heed whatever thereto, or to any
ordets. proclamations, commissions or com
mands, emanating from persons claiming
the right to exercise thc functions and au?
thority ol' Governor in cither of thc States
of South Carolina, Georgia or Florida, I
unless the same shall have been promul ,
gated by the advice <>r consent of the
United Stales authorities.
II. The ?to?cy and wishes of the Gene
ral Government toward the people of thr se !
Stairs, and the method which should be
pursued bv them in resuming or assuming j
the exercise of their political rights, will
doubtless be iiiade known at an early day. !
It is deemed sufficient, meanwhile, ro
announce that the people of the black
race are free citizens of the United States,
that it is the fixed intention of a wise and
beneficent Government to protect them in
the enjoyment of their freedom and the ;
fruits of their industry, and that it. is the j
manifest and binding duty of all citizens, !
whites as Well as blacks, to make .such j
arrangement s and agreements among thom- ?
'?elves, for compensated labor, ns shall be I
mutually advantageous to all parties. |
Neither idleness nor vagrancy will bo tole- |
rated, and the Government will not ex- j
tend pecuniary aid to any persons, whether
white or black, who arc unwilling to help
themselves.
III. district and Post Commanders (
throughout this Department w ill at once j
cause this order to be circulated far and
wide, bv special couriers or otherwise, mid |
will luke such steps to secure its < uleree- |
ment as m. V by ile in be deemed neccssa
ry. Q. A. GILLMORE,
- ma) id Major-General Commanding.
Headq'rs United States Forces, ?
CITY OF COLUMBIA, S. c.,
MAY 27. 1805.
GENERAL ORDERS NO. 3.
ALL citizens having in their possession
any property that rightfully belongs
to the United Stntos Government, accord
. ?tur t<> the terms of surrender of Geu. Jos.
E.^Johnston, C. S. A.. to Gen. W. T. Sher?
man, LT. S. A., will ?mm? diately report the
j same to these headquarters.
Persons having mules, horses and wa?
gons, will, for the present, be permitted to
i retain the same tor the purpone of carry
j ingon their work. Any person failing to
i comply with this order within a rcasona
I l>le time, will not only be deprived of any
? farther uso of eaid property, but will abo
subject themselves to punishment by mih
taw authority. Bv command cf
N. HAUGHTON,
Lieut. Col. 25th O. V. V.,
Com'dg City of Columbia. S. C.
W. J. KvLE^Lieut. 25th O. V. V. I. and
Post Adjutant may 29
Headers United States Forces,
CITY CF COLUMBIA, S. C.,
MAY 27, 1865.
GENERA L.ORDERS NO 4.
IN order to prevent any disturbance which
may arise from the improper use of in?
toxicating liquors, it ia In? re by ordered
that, for the present, no intoxicating li?
quors will be sold or given away to any
! citizen or soldier, unless permission is
! granted from these headquarters. Any
I one found guilty ot" disobeying this order,
will not. only have his goods confiscated.
I but will be subject to jilinishmeut by mili
j tary hiv?-. By command of
Lieut. Col. N. HAUGHTON,
Commanding Post.
I AV. J. KYTX, Lient. 25th O. V. V. 1. aud
j Post Adjutant. may 2?,
! Headquarters, Northern District,
! DEPARTMENT OF THE SOUTH,
j CIIAKI.ESTON, S. C., April 20, 1805.
! Circular to Planters, cfc
i ^V1" U.MICRO US applications have been-,
\ 1^1 made to me for information as to the
? polio/ to bc adopted on the subject of
' labor. -,
All can understand Ibo importance*of
! making a crop the present sens'on, and
j for. the misery and -:> i?e.-ing consequent
; upon ils labore.
j In the present unsettled state of the
j country, and in the absence of any ftcog
I ti'Zed State authorities. I find it. my duty
j to assume control of the plantations near
j the military ??Des, and order as follows:
1st. The planters, after laking thc oath
I of allegiance, will assemble the freedmen
I (lately th. ir slaves) mid inform diem that
I they are free, and that henceforth they
i must depend upon their own exertions for
i their support.
2d. Fquitahle contracts in writing will
i be made hy tin: owners of the land with
; tho freedmen for the cultivation of thc
i land during the present year,
i Payment will he made in kind, and tho
; allowance of mu- half the crop is recom
j mended as fair compensation for the labor,
; the landlord furnishing rubsistenee until
? the crop is gathered.
i Those contracts will be submitted to the
I nearest military or naval commander for
I approval and endorsement.
When the above requirements are com?
plied with, protection will be granted as
far as military necessity will allow; but
where no cont rael is made, thc crop raised
will be considered forfeited for (he tue of
the laborer*. Should the owners refuse to
cultivate it, they will he considered as en?
deavoring to embarrass the Government,
and the land will be used tor colonies of
the freedmen from the interior.
JOHN P. HATCH.
.June 1 Brig. Gen Commandine.
Headq'rs United States Forces,
CITY OF COLUMBIA, S C.,
MAY 27. 1SC5.
O EX ERAL ORDERS NO. 2.
INFORMATION having been received af
these headquarters of the existence of
armed hands of marauders infesting tho
country and committing depredations on
the property of peaceful citizens, it is
hereby- ordered that all persons composing
such will be considered and treated as
outlaws, and if C'iUgllt, will receive the
seyrest punishment ot military law.
The United States Government is desir?
ous ol" protecting all peaceful and law
abiding citizens, ?md they will confer a
favor on these headquarters, and do justice
to themselves, by lib ing any information
they may have in their possession respect?
ing the names and movements of such
hands, and, if possible, aiding in their
capture.
The time has arrived when it behooves
every citizen to do ali in his power to
assist the military forces of the United
Slates lo restore peace and harmony
throughout thc land. Itv order of
'Lieu:.. Coi. N. "'-liTON,
25th 0. Y. V. 1 . Com'dj I'. S. Forces,
City of Columbia.
VT. >. KYLK, 2d: Lieut.. 25th O. V. V. I.
and Post Animant- may

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