Newspaper Page Text
Friday Morning, Jane 2, 1865.
The popular prosperity depends very
much upon the popular morality. It is
for a people to determine'fur themselves
what they shall be, and what they shall
become. Soil, climate, fortune, go but a
mort distance, comparatively speaking, in
obtaining or securing eminence, happiness
or permanence to any jatiori. Vainly
would thc patriot strive, and the sage
counsel, and thc soldier fight, if a people
are neither true to themselves uor active
in their proper purposes. In their own
hearts and bauds lie thc secret of their
moral, their social and political successes,
and the labor which is taken for them, in
which they themselves do not share, is 60
much labor thrown away. Even Hercules,
a god, could only assist those who were
Srst prepared and willing to put their own
dioulders to the wheel.
The Loss of the General Lyon.
"Wc extract the following from a letter
received in this city from a former resident
of Columbia, who was a passeBgcr on
board the steamer General Sedgwick,
which went to the rescue of the General
"The steamer General Lyon left Wil?
mington for Fortress Monroe, with .bout
500 refugees on board-several from Co?
lumbia. On the tecond day out, she was
burned to the water's edge, and all on
board, but about twenty, were either
jurned or drowned. We were within
sight at the time, and our captain run up
is near as the rough sea would allow. The
women and children were ail burned. The
men took all the boats, planks, <fcc, and
umped into the sea, but it was so rough
"hat only twenty reached our boat. Henry
Hunt came to us, and was pulled half-way
up the side of the ship, and then fell back
ind was crowned. Among the lost from
Columbia, were Cavis and his family,
Hunt and Phelps, with their families,
Dearne, Stadtler, Deidrick Windhorn, his
wife, child and two brothers, Bews, the
butcher, and his wife, and others that I
io not recollect. None from Columbia
..vere saved. That was the most awful
light I ever witnessed, and hope never to
>ee such another."
Tito Washington ?Star states that the
Government is preparing to collect much
of its postal revenues from delinquent
debtor postmasters. When the rebellion
broke out, most-of the 9,000 postmasters
in the Southern States were largely in
arrears for scamps and no>espaper postage.
By a. special Act passed last winter, cot
only eau the real estate of the postmaster
and bis sureties be seized by attachment,
but the publication of such attachment is
served to every debtor to the delinquents
to pay their dobts to the United States,
and not to the cx-postmaster. Under this
law, large amounts will be saved to the
Post Office Department.
. The New York Herold publishes a com?
munication from a respectable merchant
of that city, proposing a plan to pay off
the national debt, in the following man?
ner; 150,000 persons contribute *20.000
each-making the round sum of $3,000,
000,000-the total of the national indebt?
edness Bennett endorses it, and offers to
contribute $40.000 towards the fund, as?
serting that money can be made by it, as
he now pays $35,000 to $40,000 Govern?
ment taxes yearl}-, and by paying the debt
off at once, the country will be relieved
from the present stupendous and costly
machinery for collecting the internal re?
The only escape from grief is to em?
ployment. The only resource against it is
in religion; yet it is neither our policy nor
our destiny to escupe it altogether-since
it is by grief that we gather etrength in
heart and soul, as labor endows the arms
with muscle and manhood. Not to sorrow
frcel}' is never to open the bosom to the
sweets of the sunshine.
The mistakes and errors of youth are the
evil genii which wait upon our manhood,
and the ghosts that make us tremble in old
age. They chill our ardor when ardor
would be success; oppose our progress
when to advance would be to conquer;
haunt our walks, which might otherwise
be blessed by the happiest spirits-by love,
by grace, by faith and beauty-and are
not to bc la'd by all our exorcisms, nor to
be entreated by all our supplications. We
have raised them, in our folly, till they
have grow superior to the check of our
wisdom Cur very friends are useful to
encourage their assaults and to keep them
from perishing, They keep them wakeful,
when, perhaps, they would prefer to be at
rc3t quite as rr.ticb as ourselves
Amoudcd General Regulations.
TREASURY DEPARTMENT, April 25, 1865.
The "General Regulations" made by the
Secretary of the Treasury, dated July 29,
1864, for the purpose of carrying into
effect the regulations of that date, and the |
several Acts of Congress authorizing them,
are hereby amended as follows, viz:
I. Two additional Special Agencies are
kerebv established numerically, and re?
spectfully designated as follows:
The Eighth Special Agency comprises
tiie State of South Caroltua aud so much
of the State of Georgia as lies in cud East
of the Valle}- of the Ugeechce River, in?
cluding the city of Savannah.
The Ninth Special Agency comprises
the West part of Florida and so much of
the State of Alabamans lies South of the
Alabama and Mississippi Railroad..
II. The boundaries of the Fifth Special
Agency, as defined by the General Regu?
lations, series July 29, 1864, are hereby
modified so that it comprises the South
and East part of Florida, including Key
West, and so much of the State of Geor?
gia as lies South and West of the Valley
of ths Ogeechee River.
HI. The boundaries of thc Third Special
Agency, as defined by the General Regu?
lations, series July 29, 1S64, are hereby
modified so that it comprises so much of
the States of Louisiana und Mississippi as
lies South of Grand Gulf, and including
IV. In addition to the duties devolved
upon the General Agent of the Trensury
Department by the said regttlntions, he
will hereafter be required, under the di?
rection of the Secretary, to cause the
regulations concerning thc purchase of
products of insurrectionary States under
the eighth section of the Act of Congress,
approved July 2, 1864, to be properly ob?
served and carried out.
All officers and agents appointed to pur?
chase and sell such products will comply
with the instructions of the General Agent !
in regard thereto until otherwise directed j
by the Secretary of th* Treasury.
Secretary of the Treasury.
Approved April 25, 1S65.
MEXICAN NEWS ANI> MATTERS.-Impor?
tant news from Mexico has been received.
The latest advices from that country are to
The intelligence of the national triumphs
in this country has afforded vnst encou?
ragement to the adherents of President
Juarez; and his cause, which a short time
I ago was thought to be almost hopeless, is
now rapidljfcrecoveriug ground. A num?
ber of victories over the imperialists have
recently been gained, and a new spirit
appears to bc infused into the republican
armies. The report of the capture by
them of Saltillo and Monterey is confirm
cd, and thtre were rumors that thc-}- had
also taken Matamoros. These events re?
store nearly the whole of North-eastern
Mexico to the authority of Juarez. Seve?
ral other republican successes had been
achieved. The imperialists were as much
alarmed as the liberals were encouraged
hy the end of the war in the United States,
owing to fears regarding the enforcement
of the Monroe doctriue, and had put a
stop to the expedition to the Northern
Mexican States and to a project for forti?
fying the Northern frontier, and 11,000
imperial troops had been despatched from
the capital for Matamoros.
President Juarez is still at Chihuahua,
surrounded by all his officers of Govern?
ment and with a large army loyal to his
Maximilian is on a tour through the
country in the direction of Vera Cruz.
Ex-United States Senator G win had re?
turned to Mexico from France, with im?
portant instructions, it was reported, rela?
tive to Louis Napoleon's schemes iu Sonora
From W. shington. we are informed that
there is a prospect of a Mexican loan being
shortly placed on the American markets,
based on such securities as will render it a
popular and perfectly safe investment.
There appears to be no abatement in
the Mexican emigration excitement
throughout the North. Recruiting con?
tinues active in New York, and accounts
from other parts of the country show that
the enterprise is extending.
If laws were made by wise and just
men only, it might be taken for granted
that popular outbreaks would be unfre
quent. Unhappily, cunning and not wis?
dom, selfishness and not justice, too fre?
quently employ the ermine as a cloak,
when simple faith regards it as an emblem.
The poor and the ignorant, who are always
apt to slumber over their rights, are sure
to be the first, if not the only sufferers.
Can we wonder that the sense of repeated
wrong and outrage brings with it a sense
of desperation? There is a terriole truth,
and no less terrible warning, contained in
the famous justificatory speech of Robe?
spierre, who said, "Is it to be thought
unreasonable that the people, in atone?
ment for the wrongs of a century, demand
the vengeance of a single day?"
When acquiescence in a certain line of
conduct is unavoidable, is it uot more
! practical to state the fact ns existing be?
yond doubt, than to endeavor to bring the
mind to realize it slowly by the laboied
' artifices of rhetoric? If the public are
I reminded that a destiny they know to oe
inevitable is at hand, -viii they not be
better prepared to meet iu Let those who
object to the utterance of indubitable
truths answer these questions
A negro plot to assassinate tlie paroled
rebel prisoners at Memphis. .>f whom
there has been quite au influx lately, in
revenge for the Fort Pillow massacre, WBB
discovered on Friday night last. White
troops were immediately put on guard,
and on the attempt of the negroes toc?me
out of the fort at. a given hour, they were
ordered back, when, refusing to obey, n
sharp conflict ensued, in which twenty of
them were killed and wounded. The re?
mainder were driven back in confusion.to
the fort. Gen. John E. Smith has super?
seded Gen. WasUburne in command at
NOVEL TEAMS.-A Btranger passing
through Burke or any of the adjoining
counties, in Georgia, would imagine that
he had fallen among the Israelities or
Egyptians of old. Owing to the lack of
horses and mules, the planters have b%en
obliged to hitch up ox teams, and in many
cases the milch cows have been brought
THE DEATU OF FORREST.-The Nashville
Union, of the 17th, asserts that its state?
ment of .he previous day, that Gen. For
rest ?a? killed by Capt John Walker, is
corrob ira.ed by a gentleman from the
Tennessee River line, who learned it
through reliable sources, and also by pa?
roled prisoners who have arrived at Nash?
The United States owns upwards of
1,000,000,000 acres of public lands susCep
tibie of cultivation. They own 2.000,000
acres of gold and 6?lver bearing lands.
Thc arable lands are worth at least
$1,200,000,000, and the mineral lands are
worth at least $8,000,000,000, making to?
gether a total of $9,200,000,000.
The Sandusky Register says the Confed?
erates imprisoned on Johnson's Island
have become tired of imprisonment and
lost all faith in their ability to carry on
the war longer. Out of the 2,800 confined
! there, all but about thirty-five have asked
j permission to take the amnesty oath.
Letters from Europe hriug advices
North that many of the refugee Southern
ers, including foreigners who have made
thc South their homes for business pur
poses, are preparing to return to their ole
haunts, now that the war is over.
The Florida Union publishes the follow
ing statement of the deaths in the priso.
at Anderson vi lie, Ga., for eleven month
ending Januar}- SI, 1S65: In prison hos
pital, 8,116; in stockade, 4.150; in smal
pox hospital, 74-tota1, 12,040.
The Confederate archives, document
and other writings appertaining to th?
Confederate Government have been packe?
and sent to Washington. They rille?
ninety-one boxes, and were addressed ti
Assistant Secretary ol' Wrar Doud.
Somebod\" has sent a rope to President
i Johnson, as a hint that he should go aheai
: in the hanging business. At the death o
that, fellow, a rope, we guess, will be th
most prominent figure. The scamp him
self will be sien merely as a hanger-on.
A Washington special te the New Yor'
Pout, of the 18th, says it is known tba
the Emperor Maximilian and ICirbySmit
have recently benn in negotiation. It i
no longer expected that Smith will surren
der without farther fighting.
A fire occurred in the property root
attached to Niblo's Garden, in New Yorl
which threatened thc destruction of tho
theatre, as well as the Metropolitan Hole
adjoining. The loss is estimated at full
A youth named Solomon Pillsbury, age
sixteen, has been sent to the Massachuset
Penitentiary for fourteen years, on
charge of burglary and assault with intei
The Presbyterian General Assembh
now in session in Brooklyn, have decide
to place in a state of probation, for tl
present, ministers of the church from tl
South who have supported the rebelliou.
The New York Herald learns that man
citizens of Virginia contemplate movir
North, from an impression that they cr
enjov more freedom there than in tl
The ouly rational liberty is that wilie
is boru of subjection, reared in tb? fear
God and love of man, and made conrag
ous iu thc defence of a trust and the pr
secution of a duty.
The French Emperor has arrived
Algiers, and has issued conciliatory a
dresses to the people, urging them to a
cept their destiny and unite their fortun
The exodus of negroes from Virgin!
North, is said to bc very large. Th?
former owners are gratified at thc fact,
the blacks have become so insolent as
render their presence loathsome.
gA despatch to the Herald announces t
capture of Ex Gov. Isham G. Harris,
Tennessee, and $600,000 in specie belor
ing to the State Government.
Kirby Smith is reported to have be
killed in a difficulty with reference to
The Prince of Wales opened the Inti
national Exhibition in Dublin, on the ti
ult., in presence of 10,000 persons.
A Roman Catholic Cathedral has he
opened at Nagasaki, Japan.
Mrs. Lincoln and family will reside
Chicago-a new home.
Quantrell, the notorious guerilla, 1
been severeiy wounded and captured.
A revolution is anticipated in Spain,
Jere. Clemens is dead.
The offiee of the Columbia Phoenix is
on Gates street, second door from Plain.
TUE TELEGRAPH.-Telegraphic commu?
nication is now open between this city and
Charleston. We learn that private de?
spatches can be sent to any point in the
"We are indebted to Mr. W. A. Courte?
nay for copies of the New York Herald,
Tribun?, Evening Post, New?, Commercial
Advertiser and Washington Chronicle
extracts from which will be published in
our next issue.
PERSONAL.-All subscribers to the
Pluxnix whose subscriptions have ex?
pired, will please come forward and
reuew, in specie or provisions; otherwise
their papers will be stopped.
f?g" We wish it distinctly understood
that our terms are cash. No advertise?
ments will, therefore, be inserted unless
paid for in advance.
We present the following schedule of
rates, in the case of the most obvious com?
modities. For one month's subscription
to the Phoenix, we will receive either of
the following, viz:
1 bushel corn. 1J bush, peas or potatoes
5 pounds butter. 25 lbs. flour.
7 '. lard. 4 lbs. candles.
7 " bacon. ? qts. rice;
8 dozen eggs. 4 head of chickens.
Wood, vegetables and provisions gene?
rally received at. fair market rates ap?
proaching the specie standards.
On the 16th, a negro got into a street
car in Philadelphia, and refused ail en?
treaties to leave it. Tho conductor of the
car, fearful of being lined for ejecting
him, as was done by one of the judges of
one of the courts in a similar case, rau the
car off the track, detached the horses and
left colored to occupy the car all by him?
self. Tiro colored man still firmly main?
tained his position in the car, having spent
the night there. The conductor looks
upon the part he enacted in the affair asa
splendid piece of strategy. The matter
creates quite a sensation in the neighbor?
hood where the car was standing, and
crowds of sjmpathisers flock round the
colored mau.-New York Herald.
The New York Tribune says that the
latest reports of the changes in the Cabi?
net state that Hon. Charles Francis Adams
is to succeed Secretary Seward; Senator
Sumner to be Minister to the Court of St.
James; Preston King will succeed Secre?
tary Welles, and that Mr. Stanton goes
out-to be succeeded by Gen. Butler or
Slavery is to be abolished in the Spanish
colonies, and movements are already on
foot in Spain to effect it.
COLUMBIA, MAY 23, I860.
The Committee appointed by the City
Council, in February last, for the purpose
of. famishing sustenance, not only to the
starving people of the city, but also to
Lexington and Richland Districts, having
been joined by a Committee appointed by
the Governor of the State, consisting of
his Honor the Mayor, Col. N. Heyward
and E. L Kerrison, for the same purpose,
the Committee beg leave to report that
they have endeavored to carry out the
objects contemplated, and have so far suc?
ceeded iu the last, three months (though
only l" a very limited extent.) to supply
provisions, not only to the poor of Rich?
land and Lexington Districts, as well as to
many in the city that had the means but
not the facility to supply themselves; and
they have been enabled to conduct this
business so far without involving the city
in debt, as will more fully appear by the
report of J. G. Gibbes, Esq., Chairman of
the Executive Committee of Council.
Resolved, That J. G. Gibbes, Esq., Chair?
man of the Executive Committee of Coun?
cil, furnish forthwith the City Council of
Columbia a full and comprehensive state?
ment of thc action pi the Joint Commit
tee, State and city, from the commence?
ment of their duly to the present time,
and with the report, he turn over to the
City Council whatever assets may be on
liesolved, That on the presentation of
the report to Council by the Chairman,
the Committee tender their resignation,
and their duty ceases.
Resolved, That a copy of the above be
sent to the City Council.
E. L. KERRISON,
M. C. MORDECAI,
FR I?I G HT and PASSAGE
for Blackstockfl cnn be had
on i U k?>L> i. Y or WEDNESDAY next, on
application toDURPECA WALTER,
june 1 3'
20 Wrapping Paper. 40
OLD NEWSPAPERS for sale at this
office. Price 20 and 40 cents a 100.
By F. Lance.
I WILL sell. THIS (Friday) MORNING,
at 10 o'clock, on C. A. Bedell's lot
Suidry articles of Furniture
20 gal lona Molasses.
Yards White Flannel, Shoes.
Hand-saw, Sole and Upper Leather.
Aleb, lot Summer Clothing, Pants, Coats
Vest?, &c. Condition cash. June 2 1*
Zealy, Scott & Brans
WIL; sell, THIS MORNING, at 10 o'clock,
opposite their store. Assembly street,
Tin following articles: S pieces of Ker?
sey, doz. Maddrass Handkerchiefs, 1
Sadd e. Piano Stool, Smoking Tobacco.
Salt, Black Pepper, Demijohns, Tables,
Bedsieads, Jars, Looking Glasses, Pillows,
Waitirs, Candles, Chairs, Brass Fender.
Fine Chamber Sett.
ALSO, AT PRIVATE SALE,
Terebene Oil. Juue 2 1*
Un united articles received up to hour
EMBBOIDERY STAMPING of various
styles done two doors South of Catho?
lic Church. June 2
At Private Sale.
MA FINE RESIDENCE, of nine
tooms, well furnished, with all neces?
sary out-buildings, ou a half-acre lot. Ap?
ply to F. LANCE.
Jun? 2 1?
YESTERDAY morning, a red Morocco
picket MEMORANDUM BOOK, con?
taining a butcher's account. The book is
of no ralue to any one except the owner.
A suitable reward will be paid it returned
to CHAS. HAMBURG.
June 2 _ 1*
"V/riSS M. MoELRONE respectfully in
i-Tj. forms the ladies of Columbia that
she is prepared to execute all orders in the
MILLINERY line. Also, STRAW HATS
dyed, made and pressed to order. Resi?
dence coiner of Sumter and Marion
streets. June 2 3*
Acacia Lodge No. 94.
A SPECIAL communication of
.this Lodge will bc held THIS (Fri?
day) EVENING, at 4 o'clock, in the
Hall'in the College Campus, for the pur?
pose of conferring the Second Degree.
By order of the W. M.
June 2 1 E. O. WI TH INGTON, Sec.
Just Eeceived and for Sale by
Lumber Street, Arsenal Hill.
June 1 2* CALICO.
WANTED immediately about SIXTY
ABLE BODIED HANDS, to work
on my turpentine works. Good rations
issued and wages paid monthly. None
need apply without recommendations.
Apply at my residence, in rear of the
Marion Street Methodist Church.
may 31 8* J. E. M F.ISTF.R.
Headq'rs United States Forces,
CITY OF COLUMBIA, S. C.,
MAY 20, IS65.
r?"MlE following circular from Leadquar
X. tees Northern District Department of
the South, dated at Orangeburg, S. C ,
May 25, 1865,is published for the informa?
tion and guidance of the planters of this
District. By command of
Lieut. Col. 2?ih Reg't O. V. V. I., *
Com'g U. S. Forces, city of Columbia, S. C.
\V.\T. KYLE, Lieut. 2?th O. V. V. I. aud
HEADERS NORTHERN PJISTRICT,
DEPARTMENT OF THE SOUTH,
OitANOEEUaCr, S. C., May 25, i860.
To the Planters of South Carolina Residing
within the I)istriet:
You are invited, after taking the oath
of allegiance to the United States Govern?
ment prescribed by the President of the
United States, in his proclamation of De?
cember 8, 1863, to mate equitable con?
tracts for lubor with the freedmen. Such
contracts, approved by the commander of
the nearest militury post, will be consi?
dered finding on both parlies, and will 1 e
enforce! by the military authorities as far
as the exigencies of t bc service will allow.
The contract will set forth in words the
freedom of the laborer.
Where the freedman is. from age or in?
firmity, unable to labor and without natu?
ral protector, his support will devolve
upon the Parish to which lie belongs.
The citizens of each Parish are request?
ed to meet and devise some method for
providing for such persons; and until such
provision is made, they will remain on,
and draw their support from, the planta?
tions where they now arc.
(Signed,) JOHN P. HATCH,
Brig. Geu. Commanding.
(Signed,) Eoe AR B. VAN WINKLE, Capt.
and A. 1 >. C. may 27
IT^OR sale, a small quantity ?f No. 1
WRITING PAPER. Also, some ex?
cellent COPYING PAPER. Inquire at
this office. mav 30