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The Columbia daily phoenix. (Columbia, S.C.) 1865-1865, June 05, 1865, Image 1

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$1 a Month, in Advance. ''Let our just Censure attend the tmo Even*."-Shaksprare. Single Copies Five Cents
By J. A. SELBY. . COLtJMBIA, S. C., FRIDAY MORNING, MAY 19, 1865. VOL. l.-NO. 43.
THE COLUMBIA PHOENIX, j
PUBLISHED DAILY. EXCEPT ?PNUAT,
BY JULIAN A. S E L B Y.
TERMS-hV ADVANCE.
SCBSCKirTlON.
Pix months, - - - &5
Cue month, ... - 1
ADVERTISING.
One square, (ten lines,) one ti aie. .IO cts
Subsequent insertions. - 35 els
Special notices ten cents per line.
Never Hold Malice.
1>V ELIZA COOK.
Oh. never hold malice! it. poisons our life.
With the gail drop of hate, and thc night
shades of strife.
Let vis scorn where wo must and despise
whore wo may,
But let anger, like sunlight, go down with
the day:
Our spins in clashing may bear the hot
spat k,
But no smouldering flame to break out in
the dark;
'Tis the narrowest heart that creation can
make,
Where passion folds up like thc coils of a
snake.
Oh. never hold mal ie. ! it cannot be good.
For 'tis nobler to strike in the rush of bot
blood,
Thun to bitterly cherish the name of thc
foe
Wait to sharpen the weapon or measure
the blow.
The wild d.'g itt Lunger, the wolf in its
spt ing
Tile shark of the waters-the asp with its
st :MJ?.
Are les? lo bc feared than the vengeance
ot mau,
When it I ??th in secret to wound where it
can.
Oh, never hoid maher! dislike if you will,
V.:f, tciiiember, humanity linketh us still;
We ate all of us human, and all of us. rr
ili?J,
And m rrey with us should alweys be stir
Shall we dare to led; up to the Father
atti, ve.
With petitions for ['ardon, or pleading for
love
Shall we <? i .-. while we pant for revenge
on nue ;.'.o-r.
To ask from our God, vet deny to a bro?
thel?
Southern jjabor.
The South has [or four years been
passing through thu lires of revolution,
and nov.- amid their a-hes and
ruins. Fields ttr.tilled; fanners with?
out animals or seed; a million widows
..un', orphans furnishing in rags; who!?; I
counties wheveirom nt least liait" the ;
buddings have l>..en burned; the
charred remnants of inilis, factories |
and work-shops almost everywhere; ;
rivers without steamboats and railroads i
without bridges-such is th? S >uth to- '
dav. And, when it is indispensable,]
not to the prosperity but to the very
existence of ber people, that the S ?nth ;
shrill for tho present be a hive of in
dustry and production-every on?
working with hoe and sp el -, or oven i
with bare hands or ,-i bit of shingle, to I
get something planted toward a crop |
this season, thu cry is raised that i
labor is scare? ;.t the -South - that the '
poor whites lack the habit of industry, j
while the blacks identify freedom with ';
idleness-so tlm.t the more energetic j
plauters talk ol sen.ling North for
German or oilier fureigu-born laborers
to help thom in their urgent need.
This representation, we aro sure,
docs injustice; to both classes of the
Southern poor. Th? rural whites aro !
Mot. indeed, ^habituated to persistent, j
energetic labor. Living o:;. the wooded
out-kirts of great men's plantations,
bunting, fishing, with a cow running
at large, and a pig ditto; often buying
of negroes for a song prod nols stolen
from their master's stores: making an
o;H $0 I" *?>~(y occasional Iv by track?
ing uu'. and hunting down ;i fugitive
slave, there are a good many whites at
the Som h to whom steady daily labor
. iocs cot seem natural, and who would
rather live by almost anything clso.
Tho blacks, <>n the other hand, are J
inured to labor, but arc naturally
fearful that thev will be reduced again
!.> bondage. Distrust is the slave's
il rsl lesson; lin ?:: carly taught to regard
;.he master race v.- Hs cornier, and]
opprewr*, ?%i%A * >. a snistcr con-'
struction on their every act and word.
Sambo luis a paiuful recollection that
lie was till yesterday a slave; to-day he
is free; but how is it ns? to to-morrow?
Old massa admits (rather sulkily) that
he is now {roe, the Yankee soldiers
heine; at hand; but next Fall they will
be gone; and how shall he bc assured
that massa will then pay him the
wages he now promises? May tie not
I give him :i savage flogging instead,
I telling kim to go back to Iiis work anti
j never speak of freed? m and wages
again or he will caleb another and
j severer? Herein the negro argues
I ratio.ually, logically from all the pre
I mires within his reach. He caturally
I says, 'Better go hungry and ragged
j till thu main question is settle '; 1 can
! but starve nt. tue worst, and. if I must.
die. I will at least die-fr..e.' Hence,
j we have widdy differed from most of
jour frietrds in preferring to elose the
! rebellion by a treaty or capitulation,
' rather than by its unconditional over
j throw; for il seemed to us of the high?
est consequence? t hat t i io freedom <f
j the blacks shouid be placed under the
j guarantee of nu explicit compact, to
. which representatives rd' their bite
' masters were subscribing patties. A
large ni: joriiy, however, nave thought
j otherwise; and their view has prevailed,
j We bear that many of tho blacks,
? thoroughly distrusting their old nias
; leis, place all confidence in tho Yan
] kees who have recently como among
I them, n ul will .work for these on
almost any terras. Wc regret this:
i for, while many of those: Yankees will
ijii-dify that conti ?euee, others will
! grossly abase it. Now England pro
d :c s many of the best specimens ul
; the human raje, and, along with these
' so tn ; of 'ho verv meanest beings that
? evei st??od on two legs-cunning, ra
pardons. I yo "critical, ever ready tr
i shin a flint with a borrowed knife an ?J
. make (.'cr others) a soup out of tin
! peeling?. Ti;is class soon become tc<
wed known at home-'run out,' astin
phrase i--when they wander all ovei
j the earth, snuffling arni swindling, u
i the. injury and shanie of the land tba
! born thom an t cast them out. Nov
let it bc generally presumed by tin
! iotior .nt blacks of tiici South that :
! Yankee. because a Yankee, is neces
i sariiy their friend, and this uncWi
! brood will overspread the South lt let
locusts, starting schools and prayer
meetings at every cross-road, getting
hold of abandoned or confiscated plan
tatioos ami hiring laborers right aie
left, cutting timber here, trying out ta
and turpentine there, and, giowin;
coin, cotton, rice and sugar, whiol
they will have so! I at thc earliest da'
and run a way wild the proceeds, leav
ing tlie negroes in rags and foudless
willi Winter just com tug o:i. 'Tins
thyself is the very first maxim lo b
irnprvsse i on tue ignorant blacks; tak
no man's fair words ns substantu:
verities, but insist on being pai 1 as v..
go. Cash payment - s? much for s
much-we beg ibu new Superintende::
of Freedmen's Affairs to make this iii
touch r-tone of all professions. X
one lins a moral right to ask the?
ragged, hungry beings to wait till tb
crop is fi, hi fe- their pay. To do th;
is to share all the lisks ol' cultivalioi
and wiiy should they share thc ris
who are no: to share the profit? The
need every penny they can carn-nee
it as last as they can carn it-and
should be iu-isicd that they be pai
accordingly,
i 1I<J who proposes io work a plan':
lion by bee. labor should lid up astna
j store with flour, meal, bacon, ten, co
fee, serviceable fabrics, and whatcv?
else is must needed by Iiis laborer
provide himself with a mod?rale su
ply of greenbacks, and then say,
want labor; I will ??av so much per da
for ii; your money will be ready
fun-down, mid the store will open i
ti.ai: hom-. 1 shall keep everythii
i you need; ! nt you are :.t perfect libt
1 tv to trade elsewhere if you think vt
j w.^ do so to advantage. At "tl
st*?es s vu.J., 1 stn . grade yr?u in*o tar*
?-. - . " . - ;~.i
I classes according to my judgment ot
[ yoitr efficiency, it" tny arc not satisfied
with my estimate ol their performance,
i they can, of course, try elsewhere.'
j l'ract icallv, little money would be re
! quired - far less than to maintain
i wecktv payment?; for every one would
j want food or cloth":.ig finite ns fast aa
I he could earn it, an 1 of ?100 paid at
j sunset for labor, at It ast ?;:K> would be
! in the store thc nest morning And
j be who would thu! .pay each night a
fair pri?e in mouey ' -~ each day's work
would never wau; labor, white "or
1 black. No one v. . ki in another*a
! field from tho lot- <?i" il; lie works
j bec iuse ii.-? wants w hat the recompense
of his lab ;r will b .v for him; and
: you can make even li lians work by
?paying cash dow:; each night and
1 keeping a store ada; cd to their wants.
i Wit ii whites or negroes, there is no
difiieuky whatever. We speak from
I long exncrii tice ol' five labor in every
capacity, when wc sn) that fash pa}
. tnent and fair treatment will enable a
: planter to choose hi.-- hands, lo grade
j them, to make ti.'-in every way com?
fortable and contented, with each child
I tit school at least huh'the year, yet
i make cotton or sug'-rr cheaper than
j any slaveholder ever did orc?utd. Ile
. who inherited a hundred negroes
inigiit of c Hirse live cosily from their
: labor; bat ;i ; beiw .ti having Held
' hands and hiring thc n, thc advantage
i is all on tho side of th ; hirer. There
? arc not a dozen facto: ics or machine
' simps in the North timi could pay their
way if ti managers had tu buy and
pay for their wot knien,
i 'But hov. are old : ianters to pay
! wag's d.vb.? Thev I. .ve sm money.'
i Then let them MS! i pi.ri of theil
I lamfs. . Sc!i jun.CU lo grow r.
i ere;: with, then s.-ii thal oron io ?rv >v;
I the n.-xr with, ned .-. oh. ?el! patch?.*
i ol groin..! and calm --.t > ..'...j lu.bf.eri
?you want to keep; sell to Van kee
I sutlers, to :tny one wno will pay, ami
learn the truth that the area cultiv?t
ed is of I:'!'" consfcfjiJ<*Hc ?-that lilt
amount of yo;?r <.:. ?j? deli rmiaod ov
the capacity und labor employed it.
prod mung it. An English farmei
insists that what m u most need t<
know, yo! don't kru w, is how m ucl:
hind i ; in an tier?.*. Ile says nobody
Las ever yet 1 ?und out. We haven't
a shadow ol" doubt that i! the planter
of the S ruth w< ie un i VI rsnilv lo Sell ori
half their hinds respective!} mid appl\
to the resinti? ali tho labor, skill
now bestow on the whole, ti..-.' wouh
produce more ti; in tiley now do. Wt
trust they wiii this in time; but
since buyers are few ;.:.-'. shy, wewoulc
have them soil this year ju I ?nougl
to pay the labor they iV'jube to grow
a crop. Having thai, they CHU di
any! nmg ; hereafter.
Vet there is ; oro money at th?.
South tiian is generally supposed, t<
say ; o'.iiing of tho millions' worth o
cotton, ?jct-., that ars to come out s?
soon n> railroads can be repaired am
business ve ul o into ibo channels o
peace. Much of it nuis', await' tin
sw -liing of the rivers with the rains o
next November; but il cnn be sob
for cash long before that. And peue<
wi 1 bring money as well as produc>
ont of all manner cd' liming places. ?
few days since, a Georgia planter Ibun
it. necessary that he should corni
North on business, but had no money
Me stated tue difficulty to his wife
v. ho suggested that she guessed tin
negroes could lind some il they would
The negroes wei o conferred with; tun!
o:i being assured that it was all righi
they went out severally and dug ur,
here a. ?ive dollar piece, there two o
th rup .-a jli, tn ano: ?.er pLce a handful
of silver, and ham Iud it orer, until th
piantei bad enough, und came off witi
?;is p ?ket full cd' as go >d money ai
any one need w? nt. .
We make tho o suggestions as
well meant contribution tn a pron i
re-sett lenient o: tho South ou a bas:
of free la be v. Ever" section, ever
those lately in rebellion seem to be I
I taking hold of it, as frankly and mao- '.
I fully as any. Let us all help to make i
tho transition as oasv and speedy a3 ?
possible.- Neto }rork Tulane. . j
President Johnson's Foreign Policy- i
The Canning-Monroe Doctrh.u. ^
Tito French and English journals
watch with attention the indication*; of j
President Johnson's policy in relation
to the Southern States, and wonder a
great deal what will be done with th .
rebels. IS o doubt they ?eel an even
?leeper interest in the possibilities oi
his foreign policy,and would be better
pleased to know what he propose" to
do in relation to those European Go?
vernments that have, in the progress
of this war, had aueii heavy scores
chalked up against them in this coun?
try. What, for instance, docs lie pro
pose to ?say to England lu relatiou lo
the Alabama, and how high does he
rate the damage done by uer that is
justly chargeable to GrerH Britain?
What aro bis ideas in relation lo the
proclamation of neutrality which told
! all the disorderly elements of English
! society that the Uuited States was, in
j tho estimate of ber .Majesty's Govern
! meut, on a level with au insurrection?
I Above all, what will lie have to say
j to Franco in relation to Mexico'.''
{ What are his views on tho Canning
: Monroe doctrine?
! < >u this latter subject thor.* ?.ave
: already been several Cabinet mee ti u gs,
I and though, perhaps, the plan of action
Ins not yet been definitely scttl: I, it ts
I whispered that the subject will be
formally determined before many day?.
i It is even whispered lhati.hu preliini
; nary steps will be taken by Mr
Seward, though thal gentleman wo
let i re'from the Cabinet before '.'tn
summer i.- over. Yv ." catt not. Iel! om
European friends exactly how tin
President proposes to open this sub
ject; bul we can tell them he w it wi!
be done if tho President arts as tm
people of this country desire to se?
him act. ile will then, at once notify
! the Emperor tsapoleon to withdraw
from Mexico every mau in tl ie pay <?
France, to relinouish at once all pur
no e of interference in lue nfl .irs of a nj
American State. He will, at the snr.n
time send a commission lo Enginm
and invite the British Government t<
act in concert, with us on this i or.it
just as Mr. Canums inv?i d thc Ut. i te?
States to go hand in hand with E:.g
land uti Lb? same point. And lu
. ends the representative? of tho uniter.
Mates to those two Governments, h.
will, at tho same lime, tn ike a whole
some display, in the European waters
of a squadron of twenty ir e; chu
ships, under the Old Salamander We
Adi.lirai Farragut.
Such is, we say. what iii?; Pr -Men
will do if he acts up to the ore-- ::
sentiment of the people. We cai
safely advise him to LUCII a con rs . I
is one in which the people will sus! ti
him to the utmost limito! the nations
power. For this principle ol on
na'iona! policy that l ib; - the inti i
vent ion of European4 Governments i
the altair:- of th's continent is <?.e th .
has grown with our growth, lt. i th
correlata ; of that oller id. n me
by Washington, that wo our.-elw
should keep free from European com
plications. The two go together, am
as we will keep out of Eurone, .
Europe shall keep at, h ?mo, so tar ..
this comment goes. T\v./ o; ihn
Governments may manage Enro?o a
their v. iii, and keep the baa.ncc i
power if they pieuse. We aro th
balanceo' power this side tee :\ llanta
lt may bo weil enough also for tho1.
European Governments t.? re-arrang
the map- ot Asia and of .. ?"nea, au
;,o give law to all thc people bet woo
Siam and Maroccc; but that cannot 1
done on Ino santo continent v. un th
American people. We arc the En.
laud, the France, the Gorm.my an
the Russia of this hemisphere, and tn
bonnet Lu;ope discovers tnis tue hell*
ir ?:?" Vr I'i :M: T. n- ''.VJ ti,4?Vt'
President Johnson is evidently coa
pldering national questions hi a broad
and truly nat ona! spirit. We trust
and believe thai he will consider this
in the same wa;.". He may Jake high
ground, and he cannot iu that direc?
tion go too tar to represent tho real
pin pose ot' i he people. The case L
not io I e unie.I with. ii? must take
tenable position and hold it, and this
position ? tenable, and is sustained by
tho diplomatic biston of both England
and tt.e [Jniud States. Mr. Cannjng
a deed Hu !> if the time Lad not arrived
for th? United States to take just thia
position toward Europe, and Rush
replied thal he thought, not; but we now
reply that it certainly has. We must
now, for tb-; sake of our national
honor and dignitv. take it an i ho'd it.
[iY< a York Herald.
FEMALK E?EH013M.-'One dar/?nid
Me.-sena, 'being a Buzaendon, I per
ceived a young moldier belonging to
the light artillery, whose horse had
just been wounded by a bu.'.-e. The
man, who appeared quite a child, de?
fended himself desperately, ai several
bodies of the enemy lying around
couid testify. I despatched au ofSeei
with ?onie men to his assistance, bun
they arrived too ?atc. Although tuis
action had taken place on the border*
of th? wood, and in dont of the bridge,
this arti ?fury bad alone withstood the
attack ol' a small troop of Cossacks
and Bavarian0, whom the officer and
men ! had despatched put to flight.
Ills body was covered with wounds,
indicted by shots, lances and swords.
There were at least thirty. And to
you know. Madame, what thc young
man wa-'." sai i Massena, turnin? r.?
1 ? es. a '.vornan, ami a handsome!
woman too! alteoi.gh she was so cover?
ed w;it;i blood LIKU it was difficult lo
judge of lier beaut}'. She ba.! follow
ed ber lover to the arm v. The ?utter
w-.s a ca plain ol artillery; she never
iei't bim, and when he was killed, da
fended, like a lion, ti.e remains <?! bini
.he loved. She was a native of Paris,
ber name Louis Bnletz, and sh?
wa-- the ..anginer ot a iring . maker in
th?: Hue de Petti L on.'
J ?tit moirs of thc Duchess Abranf.es.
Ugly people are a; anxious as hand?
some ones to-perpetuate their features;
probably, baring lived so iong with
their ngiu.ess, they have become at
tached^to it.
W! en a mau wants money, or as
sistauce, I';" world, as a rub-, ia very
.dil ging, and indulgent, and -lets him
want it.
S iciety, like at haded silk, must he
\ i? t'.'c 1 in ail situations, or its colors
will d' ceive us.
Fortune n ay lind a pot, hut your
own bi'lustrv munt make it boil.
PROVISIONS FOR S ALU.
'S' WILL sell, al Mr. Troy's st..re. on
1 Camden f.-i., ;t MU ll quantity of
FLO Url, BACON, FilKSli ?UTTF.K am.'
LAUD. ii- Y~ STOKES
Stamping.
} '?iIT>3vUDKIiY STAMFII?U of various
?*J . tvies dem- two doora South of Catho
lioOhurcli. _?'.me 2
20 Wrapping Paper. 40
/~\Ll> M lil W 6 fal' ii LIS fo' mic ai. this
V/ ?>!ik>e. I'll.- titi .-.nd 40 cents a tOo.
Headq'rs United States Forbes.
CITY Ol'" COLUMBIA S. C.,
MAY ??, 1S65.
G TN ERAL ORDERS NO 4.
j', ui-.] rt?1 prevent disturbance which
? mi ; ari ' from the improper use of in?
toxicating liquors, it 1 hereby ordered
liing for tl e present, nc iuloxicating In
irmr? v iii he Sold or given away to any
itiy.eii or soldier, unless permission >?
granted t'rom th? headquarters. Any
me found guilty o!" dNob-vthis order,
will nut ?noy 'have his g"?)ds confi?cat.t-d,
l>ut will be euhjftct (?'punishment by uah
tar\ law. liv command ol
Lieut, Col. . H \UGHTON.
Comm audi ng Po?!.
W. J. Kvis, Lieut. 25'h O. V. V. I. uni
p . ... nt v ?si

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