Newspaper Page Text
Monday Morning, June 5, 1865.
Instincts of Men.
One of the great but secret causes of
human failure and perversion, is the re
luctance of men to recoguize their in
ntincls. Tiie pride of iutellect is not wil?
ling to refer to any other authority than
reason, and we begin the woik of self
sophistication on the very threshold of
existence. Of the simplest objects we
contrive to fashion mysteries-ol the sim?
plest ar ts, sciences-and the very things
of which nature would seem lo lequire of
ur, the immediate persona! petfvrtnan.ee,
ve strangely enough defer to u. foreign
authority. What more completely our
own providence than our own feelings and
health, our own riglt's and interests, our
own spiritual nature and red ion? Yet all
tin.??: concerns, winch eau be al!ended to
by uobody half so properly as by our?
selves, we studiously put out of our own
control. Hence, our lawyer can give us
tin- most complicated and adtnirable'syslem
of lnws, but not justice; our doctor, the
most, various'y compounded medicines, but
no cure; our priest, evt-.ry variety of doc?
trine, but no religion-certainly no safely
But, even the farmer, sophisticating like
the rest, in his omb'liou to make a science
of his art. too frequently fails in making
a crop. Yet, it is v.-ry certain that no?
thing in the world is so easy of attainment,
as food, health, justice and religion, if we
will only, with common honesty and dili
genee, take tin matler into our own hands.
The tilinga most e.-sentir.l to al!, not. only
to the health and happiness, but to the
absolute safety of man, were never in?
tended by thc Deity to be withdrawn fioi"
Iiis own immediate contri)!; and man w,.
never know satety in any of bis interesta
until ho resumes all the privileges he lus
blindly parted with, it seems to lie clear
that among his peisonal dillies ure Lacs*:
Ile must carn his own bread-?earn his
own bodily condition-whai is its tn?-at
and what is its poison-farm his own
lands, and carry od his own intercourse
with Heaven, to the employir.enr. of as few
intermedi?te ?<??.?.. ?..- pocstMe. Indivi?
duality, and hence individual responsi?
bility, i'i thc grand features which distin?
guishes man front every oilier animal.
Pliny, in one of his celebrated letters,
says that though there may be some use
in setting the mark upon the criminal t?v
v.'uy c'f example, there will be more in
sparing ! im for the sake of humanity. Il
is ii ot unfiequentiy the case that justice
guie; at the ?-xpetise of Ii ninan itv. lt does
not unfrequcntly happen that the laws, in
tin- operation of penalties, make great ont
of small er.minais, hy [.utting theotreiidei
so entirely without the pale of civilization
and society as lo render it impossible that
he should ever again be able to enter
within it. Tiie great difficulty in the way
of criminal justice is so to proportion thc
punishment to the offence as io make tilt
surj.'ct of its operations himself admit itt
propriety. By overstepping this limit,
jusnte becomes harsh and unnatural, and
compels the criminal, not uncommonly,
into acts, proportioned in their extent tc
the penalty iie has beeu complied already
to abide. Schiller has an admirable story,
the German title of which is, ' The Crimi
?ia!, because of the Operation of the Laws,'
thal is to say, one who, though in the ri rsl
instance nn offender,'has been made, sub
scquently. a criminal by the very laws
which have been enacted as a preventive
of his crime. In imitation of the Draco
like system of Great Britain, our crimina
lars not uttfrequently denounce the pe
nally of Cain upon the offence of Jacob
and tho brand, which should be applied foi
the taking of' a brother's blood, is als'
oftentimes the punishment for partaking
of a brother's pottage.
GREENBACKS.-It may not be generally
known that, by Act of Congress, Unitec
States Treasury Notes-generally termei
"greenbacks"-are legal lender for all due
except import and export 'loties rind tin
interest on the public debt. Goid am
. liver can on!v b<: rated as arricies of iner
ehandize. 'I.ns should be understood oj
one and all.
LOOK OUT FOP. COUNTEBFEITS -Two bill
of ihe denomination of fifty cents ereen
h?ickl h.'.vc been shown lo trie Cv'iii?i
The gentleman having them in possessen
states that while in .New York recently
there were seveial of these tijmrious nole
TriE NEGRO AMUSE* HIMSELF.-To the
observing person who trends the streets of
the city, one thing is evident, that if the
negroes are not idle, they are busily en
ga?ed in doing nothing. The circus
wagon, containing the music of the exhi
tion, r.s it parades the different thorough?
fares every day, carries with it a wake, of
woolly heads and eboshins, iii quantity
enough t?> work a thousand acres of corn
or tobacco. At every corner a lahlc is
displayed covered with everv species of
condiments to suit every palate, and the ;
attendants at each booth or stall will ave?
rage nearly ft dozen throughout the city, j
As the day passes on toward the cool hours I
of evening, it becomes a task to perambu?
late Broad sti-pet, on account of the great
crowd of female Africans, out tor an air?
ing. When the night comes on and the
lights of the excusare trimmed and made
ready, half the pavilion is dark and dusky
and fragrant. If the negroes of Richmond
can live, like th- chameleon, upon air, we
i certainly can urge no reasonable objec
j l'on, If they choose to loaf and io idle
? away their time, again we sa}- wc have
not the slightest word to say-that is,
i urti! the civil Government inaugurate a
j poor ho-Jse and tax our pocket for thesup
I port of the same. The negroes are free,
i and they have the right to say on what |
? ternw they will labor, and to refuse the
j labor i!" the compensation is not sufficient, j
j A number now supported upon Govern
I m?nt rations may like their present mode
j ->f life and glory in if; but what is to bc
th.-? future of the African, when the bene- I
' volenne of the authorities is suspended, is j
a puzzling question to a great number of j
thinking minds. Thev manage to live
now by some means, but as a general
thing the past six weeks, and probably the
coming fortnight or so, has been a great !
holiday-a sort of elongated Christmas or j
expanded Whitsuntide. Labor will be too
cheap for idle or lazv person?; they will
not. be able to live if the support of the
Government be withdrawn. Even now
we know of eases where excellent cooks
ami house servants are giving their ser?
vices for their food alone. What will bc
the lute of those idle wretches who prome?
nade the streets or run after circus wagons
a few weeks bene?.? With the lessons that |
are heine; taught at the African Church,
b>t a few t imely lectures be given upon
the necessity cf steady, hard labor, lo
procure meat and bread, arid it will prove
of as mac!" benefit as instruction in spell?
ing bu"ks a; ' ti - readers.
[ ??ir'. ./(,. ?' CODI inc rend Bulletin.
BANKING FACILITIES.-Our highly es?
teemed fellow citizeti, .lames S. Gibbes,
Esq.. President pro lem. of the People's j
]<:::.!:, h::~. been ??< unfed permission by
Gen. H itch to remov?? the effects of the j
People's Bank, where it now is, to tibs .
city. It is contemplated, we learn, to re?
establish it as a National Bank ns soon .
all the arrangement-* can be completed.
The various other hanking institutions, it i
is hon. d. '.viii follow this good example. !
Caph a? what is now wanted to give con?
fidence cud revive business. Our citizens,
business men particularly, owe a debt of
gratitude to Mr. P. hu Kegler, the .worthy, I
enterprising and courteous gent leroi n who |
opened the first hanking house after the
occupation of the city by the United
States forces. Mr. Kegler's house at the I
corner of King and Beauf.wn streets is !
now. wo are happy to say, an established |
institution, and has met with the success it j
so well merited.- Charl'"tm, Courier, ls!, i
Gov. AIKEN.-Gov. Aiken was in New
Y'-rk on the 2 1th ult., and would take iris i
depart ure from that city for Charleston on !
thc sit amer Granada. We learn that he
expressed himself well pleased with the
treat meut he received at thc hands of
President Johnson, who has permitted him ?
to return home on parole. It is reported i
;hat his visit to Washington and interview |
with the President will result beneficially |
to Charleston and the State.
[ ? 'harleston Courier.
A NEW SIGHT -'Now A-DAYS."-A fine
bel 1 of irenuine Western beeves of an
almost elephantic size were driven past the
Courier office yesterday afternoon from
Ilii'on Head, on their way to the slaughter
pens. It has been five long years since
such cai tie have been seen in old Charles
ton-Ch ar lt stton Cu ti ric r.
UNION MEETING IN SUMMERVILLE, S. C.
A I nion meeting of the citizens of Sum?
merville and the surrounding country was
called by the intendant ol' the 'own to
take place on Wednesday.
The (total police force of London last
year was 7,4-90, and its expense two mil?
lions eicht, hundred thousand dollars.
There were29 superintendents, 211 inspec?
tors, 725 sergeants and 6,172 constables.
The Shenandoah was reported lo be at
Hong Kong at latest advices, and some
alarm was felt that she might capture
Am?-rican vessels at sea.
Queen Victoria basa bl ooah which once
belonged to Robert Bruce, ot Scotland.
Eockaway or Double Buggy.
\\j A '"ED io hire, a Double Buggy or
? ? lay., '?arviage and pair of Horses,
to co to ' hit- )ak, on the Charlotte Uaib
loaj. For furtliei particulars apply at this
rjpHE undersigned heps to inform his
JL friends and customers that ha has RE?
MOVED hit. Boot and Shoe Making Estab?
lishment to the house on the. South S'do o
Camden street, tbi eo doors from Assembly
jone ? 3 G KO KG E SMITH.
The offi>e of the Columbia Phoenix is
on Gates street, second door from Piain.
We are indebted to Dr. P. M. Cohen, Mr.
C. A. Bedell and a lady friend for late co?
pies of the Charleston Courier.
Our readers, will observe, b}- referring to
Dr. Melvin M. Cohen's advertisement, that
he has just opened a fresh stock of useful
articles. Ile claims that in quality and
price his goods will rank with the best in
OUR CITY-ITS PROSPECTS.-We aie
pleased to see that some of our merchants
! are commencing operations agnin, and
that hen? and thero buildings-of course,
on a small scale-are being put up. We
have no duubt that by tho time the rail?
roads through the up country are com?
pleted, quite a respectable amount of busi?
ness will be done here. Prominent IS'ew
York merchants have signified their wil?
lingness to accommodate their old custom?
ers; so that the scarcity of money need
deter none from "entering the lists." We
wish on?: and all success.
SOMETHING GOOD TO EAT-WHERE TO
FIND IT.-Mr. H. Solomon, as will bc seen
by reference io our advertising columns,
has just arrived from Charleston, with a
large ami varied stock of choice articles
-thc mere mention of which makes one's
mouth water. Just to think of Scotch ale,
Havana segars, English cheese, crackers,
sardines, almonds, etc., etc. Whan wc say
these tilings are r/ooi/, we speak the uni?
versal sentiment of "'all hand.-*" connected
with the Phamix office, ?nd at the same
time return to .Mr. S. their sincere thanks
for the abundant supply of articles fur?
?3P"Any person desirous of obtaining
small or valuable articles from New York,
can have an opportunity of doing so, by
applying at this oflice previous to Thurs?
day next. Commission ?? per cent, on the
cost of the articles. The goods to be de?
livered in this city.
??^"PERSONAL.-All suhscribers to the
Phatuix whose subscriptions have ex?
pired, will pieuse come forward and
renew, in specie or previsions; "otherwise
their papers will bc stopped.
5?3f Yv'e wish it distinctly understood
that oar terms aro cash. Iso advertise?
ments wiil, thf.-efore, be inserted unless
paiii for in ad vance.
We present t.:-i following schedule of
rates, in thu ca-o of tho most obvious com?
modities. For ono month's subscription
to tin- Phienix, w-e will receive either of
tin1 following, viz:
1 bushel corn. 1 j-hush, peas or potatoes
5 pounds hm ter. '?~< His. Hour.
7 lard. <3 l!>s. canilles.
7 " bacon. \) qts. rice.
8 dozen eggs. -1 head of chi.-kens.
Wood, vegetables and provisions gene?
rally receive?! nt fair market rates ap?
proaching the specie standards.
Brass and Copper Wanted
f|"MIE undersigned will pay the highest
L. prices-i'? goods or money-for old
brass and copper.
June 5 fi HARDY SOLOMON.
DR. A. N. TALLEY may be fourni, by
such ns desire his professional aid, at
the residence of the Rev. N, Talley, corner
of Gervais and Pickens streets.
june 5 3*
C fTtw^ TWO PERSONS can obtain
j-Vfc.^-<-9PASSAGE to Orangeburg, in a
light spring wagon, Ly applying at the
Telegraph Office. " .lune f>
Wanted to Purchase,
A GOOD HORSE, that, will work ?D
J. V. deutle harness; one light Two horse
Spring Wagon, and one Traveling Trunk,
all in good order. Address JOS* MARSH,
at this ellice, stating price and where arti
.lesean he seen. june 5 1*
Bakery and Confectionary.
LSHODAIlt and W. STIEGLIT2
. have re opened their BAKERY,
CONFECTIONARY aiuU.'RAOKKR MA
NUFACTORY. Also, on hand a thu
assortment of CHEWING and SMOKING
TOBACCO, SCOTCH and MACCABOY
SNUFF, CIGARS. PIPES, cte, at Messrs
Cooper ct Gaither's old stand.
.lune ? mtliG
A LL personsjjwhomsoever are hereby
1\- cautioned against trading for anj
notes drawn in favor of the subscriber, a
administrator of the estate of il rs. Iv Row
land, late of Greenville District, as pa}
?neut has bej-n stopped, These notes wevi
lost in Colutibia (jilling its occupation bi
Sherman's army. A liberal reward will b"
paid for their delivery to Col. C. II. Brye
or the subiCfitJer. " WM. E. EARLE,
jnee 6 4-2*
DR P. MELVIN COHEN has returned
from the city with a choice assort?
ment of DRUGS. MEDICINES, COMBS,
BRUSHES, ?fcc, <fce., and has made ar?
rangements to receive regular weekly sup?
plies of imported good?. Office
June 5 2* Head of Lady strict.
DRIED APPLES, FLOUR, WM,
MELVIN M. COHEN,
Assembly Street, West Side, one Loor from
I}EGS leave to inform the public that
y he has just received a FRESH AND
HEAVY SUPPLY of the following arti?
cles, to which he invites attention, viz:
Choice Bacon-Hams, Sides aud Shoulders,
Eggs Black Pepper,
Smoked Beef, Co<>kiug Soda,
Smoked Herrings, Blacking,
Brown Sugar, Smoking Tobacco,
Ciushed Sugar, Chewing Tobacco,
Superior Green Tea, Tooth Brushes,
Superior Black Tea, Extract Logwood,
Indigo, ?fcc, ?fcc.
Together with a valuable assortment of
Also, by late arrival.
Low's Genuine Brown Windsor Soap,
Cosm?tique, or Stick Pomade, &c.
GROCERIES! ! !
SS-T-^ A CHOICE and W ELL SELECT
V' V ED STOCK Ol' GOODS, whi.-h I
l^|??;am prepared to offer AT I? ETA IL
tor a SM -M L ADVANCE, ami eau give a
FAIR MARGIN to dealers in the city ?md
country. My stock consists in part of:
B?xcs SMOKED HERRINGS.
M COLG ATE'S WASHING SOAP.
Bbls. BROWN* SUGAR.
Chest YOUNG HYSON TEA.
" BLACK TEA.
Cases PICKLES, quarts and pints.
Boxes CANDY, as-orted.
Frails FRESH DATES.
Box?.-* TURKEY FIGS.
" FUESti LEMONS,
SUPT SHELL ALMONDS.
" BUTTER CRACKERS.
" GI Nt; ER CAKES.
" DAIRY CHEESE.
" SAUDEN I.S.
" CONDENSED MILK.
Doz* NORTHERN BROOMSi
Boxes Colgate's PEAKE STARCH".
" BLACK INK. in stands.
" YEAST POWDERS-Durkee's.
" Brown's Es JAMAICA GING EU
Cases SPARKLING SCOTCH ALE.
Boxes HAVANA SEGAKS.
" MASON'S BLACKING.
Do/.s. SHOE BRUSH KS.
Boxes FINE CHEWING TOBACCO.
" . SMOKING T< >BACCO.
" Fine Cut Chewing TOBACCO.
BACON, BUTTER. LARD.
COFFEE, RICE. SALT.
MANILLA ROPE, FINDERS.
COTTON CARDS. MATCHES.
GUM CAMPHOR, GUM OFIUM.
POTASH and BLUE MASS.
A small stock of HARDWARE and
ST ?TI ON ERY.
Give me a edi. and judge for yourselves
In basement, of Mr. L. Levy s house,
Coiner of Assembly and Plain streets.
Ci ll LESE.
IRIS li POTATOES,
CAKES, ?vc, &?.
And for sale CHEM', at residence for
merly occupied by R. Davis. Henderson
street, by A. S. TR UM BO.
June 3 2
Furniture, Crockery and Provisions.
By Darbee & Watter.
THIS DAY, June 5, at 10 o'clock, we will
sell, nt our olBce,
The following articles, viz: Bedstead's,
Mattresses Lounges, Looking Glass. Cur?
tains, Bed Clothes. Crockery, Engravings,
Tubs, Buckets, Wheel-harrows, Chains,
Coffee Bots, Carpets, Chairs, Bress, Coffee,
Sugar, Black Pepper, Flour, Tea, Starch,
A fine Sewing Machine.
N. B. Purchasers must call for thc arti?
cles immediately after sale, as the parlies
are leaving town. june 5
MISS^M. McELRONE respectfully in?
forms the ladies of Columbia that
she is prepared to execute ali orders in the
MILLINERY line. Also, STRAW HATS
dyed, mad? and pressed lo order. Resi?
dence corner of Lumber and Marion
streets. June 2 3*
IT^OR sale, a small quantity *>f No. 1
? WRITING PAPER. \Lo, some ex?
cellent COPYING PAPER. Inquire at
this office, may 30
Headq'rs United States forces,
CITY CF COLUMBIA, S. c.,
MAY '27, 1605.
GENERAL ORDERS NO. :J.
ALL citizens having ?it their possession
nny property that rightfully belongs
to the L nited States Government, accord
in C to e terms ol' surrender of Gen. Jos.
E.wJohi.oCon, C. S. A.. to Gen. W. T. Sher?
man, U.S. A., wiil immediately report the
same to these headquarters.
Persons having mules, horses nnd wa?
gons, will, for the present, be permitted to
retain thc same tor the purpose of carry?
ing on their woik. Any pt-rso? tailing to
comply with this order within a reasona?
ble time, will not. only he deprived of any
further usu of said property, but will also
subject themselves to punishment by mili?
tary authority. By command of
Lieut. Col. 25th (.'. Y. V.,
ComV.tr. City of Columbia, S C.
W. J. KYLE, Lieut. 25th O. Y. V. I. and
Post Adjutant. may 29
Headquarters, Northern District,
DEPARTMFNT OK TI IE SOUTH,
CHARLESTON, S. C., Apiil 25, 1SC5.
Circular to Pl-nitcrx, ctr.
N'UMEROUS applications have be-n
made tome for iufoi mat ion ;-.s to the
policy to be adopted on the subject of
All can understand thc importance of
making a crop the present season, arid
foresee the misery and Siitfei mg consequent
upon its (allure.
In the present unsettled state of the
country, and in the absence ot any r cog*
niz-.-d State authorities. 1 find it my duty
to assume control of the plantations near
the military Ians, and order as follows:
1st. The planters, after taking the oath
of allegiance, will assemble the freedmen
(lately their slaves) and inform ihern that
they are free-, an.\ that henceforth they
must depend upon their own exertions lor
2 1. Eo nit ?Me contracts in writing will
be made by the owners of the land with
the freedmen for the cultivation of the
land during the present year.
Payment will be marie in kind, and the
allowance of one half th?: crop is recom?
mended as fair compensation for the labor,
the landlord furnishing subsistence uctit
the crop is gathered.
These contracts will he submitted to the
nearest military or naval commander for
nj proval and endorsement.
When the above requirements are com?
plied with, protection will be granted ns
far as military necessity will allow; but
where no contract is made, the crop raised
will be considered forfeited 1er the use of
the laborers. Should the owners refuse to
culi i vate it, tb.ey will Le considered as en?
deavoring to embarrass tin; Government,
and the land will be used for colonies of
the freedmen from the interior.
JOHN P. HATCH,
June 1 Brig, (?en Commanding.
Headq'rs United States Forces,
CITY OF COLUMBIA. S. C.,
MAY -_7. lbtl?.
GENERAL ORDERS NO. 2.
INFORMATION having been received at
- these headquarters of the existence nf
armed bands of .r ira nd. rs inlesting the
country and committing depredations un
the property of peaceful citizens, it is
hereby ord. red that all person?composing
such will be considered io,.', treated ns
outlaws, and if caught, will iee ive the
severest, punishment ot mditary law.
The United Stales Government is desir?
ous of protecting all peaceful and law
abiding citizens, and they will eonf.-r ti
favor on t hese headquarters, and do justice
to themselves, by giviug any information
they may have ?il tLeir possession respect?
ing tile mimes and movements: ol such
bonds, and, if possible, aiding in their
The time bas arrived when it behooves
every citizen to do all io his power to
assist, the military force? ot the Uniled
States to restore* peace and harmony
throughout the land. By ord. r of
Lieut. Col. N. HAUGHTON,
25th O. V. Y. I , Com'd? I'. S. Forces,
Cit}- of C- inindia.
W. J. KYLP., 2d Lieut. 25th O. Y. Y. I.
aud Past Adjutant. ouy "i'i