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By J. A. SELBY. . COLtJMBIA, S. C., FRIDAY MORNING, MAY 19, 1865. VOL. l.-NO. 43.
THE COLUMBIA PHC?NIX,
rCBLlSUEU DAILY, EXCEPT SUNDAY,
BY JULIAN A. SELBY.
TERMS-IA' AD VANCE.
Rfc-tuon tt|?, $5
One month, - 1
One square, (ten linee,) oct- time, 50 eis
Subsequent insertions. . 35 eta
Special notices ten cents per line.
BY KATE FROTMlKOnAifc
The seashell ever m'qrraurs,
tV' i th a mournful note aud low;
It tides the song of the ucean
Which it left so long ago.
So ia every human I oeotn,
If we listen silently.
Ia the pauses of ils motion.
Comes a mournful melody.
Ca?seles?, though it cometh ever;
Ceaseless, in its murmur low;
Mourning foi the song of Heaven,
it forgot so long ago.
THE CARTUKR PIQEON.-The carrier
lniger.n is originally a .native of the
Asiatic 'East'-called, in the Arabic
language, bf the word handhu. He
is a very beautiful bird, with a ring ol
parti colored feathers around hi3 neck,
with red feet cov?red with down, anti
with such wonderful speed of flight
that it is authentically stated to be twe
thousand seven hundred English mile*
in a Jay. In tho province of Irac
Assyria - white pigeons are traiu??
with less difficulty than atty otbeVs
The first one used as a messenger i:
supposed by some antiquarians tu haV<
been 'the dove which Noah ae'tit fron
tho ark, aud which returned with th?
leaf of the olive." An actual post
system, ia which pigeons were tin
messengers, ^was established by th
Sultan Nouneddin Maharaound, wbi
died, iu 1164. The price of a wei
trained pair of such birds was, at tba
time, one thousand Arabic gold ducat;
It requii63 much time and patienc
to traiu the carrier p'geon, and only
few wealthy individuals in the Ea?
.can afford to keep them. As soon t
the youDg cock and hen are fledge
they are made tame, and taught t
need each other's society as much t
possible. They are then sent in a
uncovered cage to the place whithu
they are thereafter to bring message
If one ol them is then carried awaj
it will certainly return to its mal
'from any point and from any distanc
A small letter is written On the fine;
silk paper. This is placed lengthwis
under one win?, and fastened with
pin, the point turned from tho body 1
one particular feather. No part of tb
letter must hang loose, lest the win
collecting in it, the wing become tire
and the pigeon become compelled
.alight. The wonderful attachments
home-inherent in this bird as i
special characteristic-always brings
'back to the dove-cote, when set
liberty. Unmidful of summer heat
winter storms, it wings its flig
through the air across the desert
ocean, never stopping for Vest till it
perched ngain on the paternal eyrie,
According to Hue, the French M
sionary, the Bud hists have a remai
able mode of facilitating dcotiot
exercises. A thick hoard is ma
composed of innumerable sheets
paper pasted together, and upon wbi
are written in Tbibetian charade
the most reputed prayers. This bo;
is placed in a barrel and turned on
axle. Those devotees who have
zeal nor taste to pray vocally, 'ht
recourse to the simple and expeditii
med'ti.Ti of the prayer barro!,' snys l
worthy Monsieur Hue. 'All tl
bave to do is to set the barrel
motion, it then turns of itself foi
long time, the devotees drinking, cati
or sleeping, while the complacent i
chaaism is turning praters for the
This praying by steam is certainl
MAN'S DESTINY.-The appearance
of man upon the scene of being con?
stitutes a new era in creation; the ope?
rations of a new instinct come into
play-that instinct which anticipates
a life after the grave, and reposes im?
plicit faith upon a God alike just and
good, who fe the pledged rewarder of
all who diligently seek ?Sim. And in
looking along the long line of being
ever rising in the scale irom higher to
yet higher manifestations, or abroad
on the lower animals, whom instinct
never deceives-can we hold that Jinan,
immeasurably higher in his place, and
inSnitely higher in his hopes and aspi?
rations than all that ever went before
him, should be, notwithstanding, tho
one grand error iu creation-the one
painful worker, in the midst of pre?
sent troubles, a state into which he is
never to euler-the befooled'expectant
of a happy future which he is never
to see? Assuredly no. t?e who keeps
faith with ail Ilia hum bio creatures
who gives even the bee and the dor
mouse, the Winter fur whirih they pre
! pare-will to a certainty not break
faith with man-with marr, alike the
j deputed lord of the present creation,
and the choseu heir of all the future.
We have been looking abroad on the
old geologic burying-grounds, and de?
ciphering tba strange inscriptions on
I their tomb-; but lhere are other btiry
ing-grounds and other tombs--solitary
church-yards among iii? h. il is, where
the dust of the martyrs lie,, and tombs
that rise over the ashes of the wise
and good; nor aro there wanting, on
even the mouumen'ta of the perished
races, frequent hieroglyphics and sym?
bols of high meaning, which darkly
intimate to u??, that while their burial
yards coutnin but the debris of the
past, we are to regard the others as
charged with the sown seeds of the
BONAPARTE'S EARLY POVERTY.-M.
Thiers, in bia history of the Consulate.
1 recites some very Btrange and pre
viously unknown particulars respecting
the early life and penury of Napoleon
It appears that after he had ob?
tained a subaltern's commission in the
.French service, by his skill and daring
at Toulon, he lived sometime iu Par^
in obscure lodgings, a*nd in such ex
treme poverty that he was often
without the means of paying ten sous
(ten cents) for his dinner, and fre?
quently went without anything at all
Lie was under the necessity of borrow?
ing small sums, and evett worn out
clothes from his acquaintances! IL
and his brother Louis, afterwards King
of Rolland, had at one time only 2
hat betwoeu them, eo that the brother;
eou'.d only go out alternately; time and
At this crisis the chief benefactor o:
the fct?re Emperor and conquerer 'al
whose mighty name the world grew
pale,' v.-as ihe actor Talma, who ofter
gave him food and money. Xapoleon'i
face, afterwards so famed for its das
sical mould, was, during that period
of starvation, harsh and angular in its
lineaments, with projecting cbee1
bones. His meagre fare brought on
an unpleasant and unsightly cutaneous
disease, of a type so virulent and ma
ligtant, that it took all the skill ant
assiduity of his accomplished physiciai
Corvisart, to expel it, after a duratior
of moro than ten years.
The squalid beggar, then, the splen
did Emperor afterwards-the thread
bare habiliments aud imperial manth
-the hovel and the palace-thi
meagre food and the gorgeous banque
-the friendship of a poor actor, tin
homage and terror of the world-ai
exile and a prisoner. Such are tb?
j ups and downs of this changeable life,
such are the lights and shadows of tin
i great mighty.
I Life is a journey, and they only wh<
have traveled a considerable way iu i
are flt to direct those who are seUi:><
THE MOUNT OF OLIVES.-lam told
that, a month ago, the Mount of Olives
was covered with beautiful flowers;
now they are al! over, and ns most of
the corn is cut, it is rather bare. It is
dotted over with scattered olive trees,
which, iii our Saviour's time, were pro?
bably thick groves, giving a good
shelter from the beat of the sun. Its
present look is peculiar; the rock is a
light grey limestone, showing itself in
narrow ledges all up the sides; the soil
is whitish, and tho grass now burned
to a yellowish color on the ledges in
narrow strips, forms altogether a most
delicate and beautiful color, on which
the grey green (/lives stand out in dark
relief. The evening suu makes it at
first gulden-hued, aud afterwards, as
Tennyson writes, the purple brows of
Olivet. ... Ifi the afternoon we
walked up to the top of the Mount of
Olives, whence you overlook the whole
city, and also to the East, the Dead
Sea, which is really only fifteen miles
off, attd which looks quite close. This
is one of the most impressive views in
the world, and if I have time I wili
certainly paint it, but I fear that I
shall not ho able. On the top of the
Mount of (Hives are gardens, and coro
fields stiele!; down its aides, but all
beyond seems pea led ly barren rock
and mountains. Tlie li ead Sea seemed
motionless, and of a blue so deep f?at
no water that I have seen can compare
with it. The ran^e cf mountains be?
yond is forty or fifty miles off, aud a
thin veil of ti:ist seemed spread be?
tween us and their, over the sea,
through wdiich they appeared aerial
and u ii rear; and, as t'ue sun sinks, the
projections become rose colored, and
the chaai.". ; ? deep violet, yet still
misty. W hen the sun left timm, the
hazy air above them became a singular
green color, and the sky over rosy-red,
gradually melting info the blue.
[Memoir oj S eld on, ?ho Artist.
THE CURIOUS.-A curious man is
necessarily endowed with maDy vir?
tues; or at lea>t his curiosity stands
hun in the place ol' them. Industry
and persevera nee lie must possess in
the highest degree. There i? no stone
which a truly curious person will
!t>ave unturned, in order to obtain a
bit of intelligence. Queen Siicba per?
formed a tedious pilgrimage merely to
get ix sight of King Solomon. Ac?
taeon encounterell a cruel death to
learn what sort of stuff a goddess was
made of; or probably to ascertain
whether she was as great a prude as
she protcuded. One woman jammed
herself into a clock case to surprise the
secrets of tho iVeerhasons; and many
a man and many a woman, too. have
sacrificed the happiness of their entire
lilo for the mere pleasure of satisfying
themselves that 'they were not loved
by their wedded life-partner. What'a
world of intrigue will a truly curious
man bring to bear, for tho purpose of
knowing thc contents of your butch?
er's tray, of learning what news tho
post:i:;'.u brought you this morning, or
of discovering whether you dine at
home or "abroad. Another quality
essential to the curious man is courage.
As all the world have something to
conceal, al! the world have their hands
set against h'm who would penetrate
their secret; and kicking* and cutings
innumerable are the reward of that
patriotism which would make itself a
substituto for Morans' glass window in
the human breast.
There is a new system of instruction
in France, by which people learn to
re id in a lemarkably .short space of
time, lt is called theLelYorian system,
from Leffore, tao inventor. Twenty
four soldiers who never-knew ? loiter
of the alphabet learned to read fluently
in ?OPS than a mouth, and one of them
ret?d at the end of tue tenth lesson.
The latest novelty in London is an
electric tooth-bra*-: li lo cure the tooth
f\ ROdr.RIES, PROVISIONS.
VT DRUGS, MEDICINES.
FANCY ARTICLES, ic. For sal? bj ;
MELVIN M. COHEN,
Assembly street. West side.
One door from Pendleton street.
June ti !">*
Bakery and Confectionary.
LSHODAIR ?ind W. STIEGLITZ
. have reopened tb^ir BAKERY,
CONFECTIONARY and CRACKER MA
NUFACTORY. Also, on band a fine
assortment of CHEWING and SMOKING
TOBACCO, SCOTCH and MACCABOY
SNUFF, CIGARS. PIPES, ic, at Messrs.
Cooper i Gaither's old stand.
dune 5 mthti
Straw- Eats^Straw" Eats!
ON hand, a few of the most fashionable
STRAW HATS for ladies. Old Hats
and Bonnets altered and pressed iuto the
latest imported styles, also, dyeing and
bleaching. Orders executed with neat ness
and dispatch. On Barnwell street, between
Laurel and Richland streets, near the
Charlotte Depot. June* tuih2"
JAMES P. M. STETSON & CO.,
252 KIXG HT, IX THE BEND,
Charleston, S. C.,
CALL the attention of dealers cisiting
Charleston to their large assorted
ALES, S EG A RS.
i SMOKING TOBACCO,
YANKEE NOTIONS, ic, ie.
I Tbey are also receiving, poreacii stennr
j er from New York, fresh .-upphes of BUT
j TER, CHEESE. LARD, FLOUR, ic, ic,
I winch they offer at the LOWEST MAR
I KET PRICE for cash. durr- 7 6*
! GROCERIES! ! !
rr rr? *&' as/as TX -'\
P^sj. A CHOICE and WELL SELECT
',f;...^jc: -ED STOCK UF GOODS, which 1
^jj?SBK?aib prepared to oiler AT ..''-'.TAIL
for a SMALL ADVANCE, and can uno a
FAIR MARCIN to dealers in the city and
countrv. My stock consists in part <..:'
Boxes SMOKED HERRINGS.
.. COLGATE'S WASHING SOAP.
TOILET SU AP.
- Bbls. BROWN SUGAR.
Chest YOUNG HYSON TJRA.
.. BLACK TEA.
Cases PICKLES, quarto and Dir.'..-:
Boxes CANDY, assorted.
Frails FRESH DATES.
Boxes TU RfCEY FIGS.
- FR ES h LEMONS.
" St ?FT SHELL A I. WON H.S.
" BUTTER CRACKERS
" GINGER CAKES.
" DAIRY CHEESE.
'? CONDENSED MILK.
Dozs. NORTHERN BROOMS.
Boxes Colgate's ?'EARL STABXII.
.. BL..CK INK, in Mauds.
YEAST POW DELS-Durkee's.
" Bro w n's E? .'AM A IGA GING E R
Cases SPARKLING SCO TCH A LE.
Boxes HAVANA SECA US.
.' MASON'S KEV KINO.
Do/.,. SHOE BRI SHhS.
Boxes FINE CHEWING TOBACCO.
" SMOKING TOBACCO.
" Line Cut Chewing TOBACCO.
SPERM CANDEI S,
BACON. BUTTER. LARD.
CARBON ATI'. SODA.
COFFEE, RICA-:. SALT.
MANILLA ROPE, FINDERS.
Ct ?ITO N CA RDS, M A f CH ES.
GUM CAMPHOR, GUM OPIUM.
CHLOROFORM, CALO M E L.
POTASH and BLUE MASS.
A small stock o? HARDWARE aad
Give me a call, and judge fer vorrrsclves.
In basement of Mr. L. Levy's bous3,
Coiner of Asflcaibly ^r?C I'lziz street*.
June I yj
Headq'rs United States Forces,
CITY OF COLUMBIA. S. C.
MAY 27. iSGr.
GENE fi AL ORDERS ?O 4.
!N oid?r to prevent any disturbance which
may arise from the improper nae of in?
toxicating Honors, it is hereby ordered
I that, for tho present, no intoxicating li?
quors will be sold or given nwn)' io any
citizen or soldier, unless permission ia
granted from these headquarters, Any
ono fyund guilty of disobey'ng this ord'-r,
will noi, ?>niv have his poods confiscated.
bit v;iii ht. suhjtcl '.n pun ?'"''".'iii, by ZL??
tary law. Hy command of
Lieut Cot >". HAUGHTCir,
Ccm naLdii.y Post.
VT. J. KTIE, Lier.:. 26th O. Y. V. L .-mc
Post Adjutant. reny PM
! Headq'rs L "aited States Forces,
CITY OF COLUMBIA, S. C,
MAY 27, IHCZ.
I GENERAL ORDERS NO. ??.
ALL citizens having in their posses* ic n
anv property ih.-t right fu i ly belongs
! to the United States Government, accord
I ing to the lerms oi surrender of 0?;i. Jos.
; E. Johnston, C. S. A.. m Gen. Vf. T. Sher-?
! man. U.S. A., will immediately report this
1 same to these headquarters.
Persovs having mules, horses and wa
' gens, will, foi th? present..bc permitted to
I retain the furnn for thc pm pose of carry
I ing on their work. Any parson felling tc
j eomply with this ordi r within a roasoaa
I hie time, will not only be deprived of any
j farther u.-.o of BIMJ property, but will alar
? -adject themselves to punishment by mil;
! lary authorltv. liv co?ur.iand of
i N. HAUGHTON.
Lieut. Col. 25th v>. V. V.,
CotiiMer City "f Columbi*. r?. C.
W. J. KYI.s,"Lieut. 2?th Qt. Y. V I. and
Post Adjutant. .-nay 2?
[ Headq'rs United States Forces,
CITY OF COI UM Ii I A, 3. C..
MAY 27. Iso.',
: GENERAL ORDERS NO. 2.
INFORMATION lu.viug been received at
these headquartera< i the existence ct
! ara.ed bauds ol' marauders ir.fsst:4?g the
I country and committing depredations or.
j the property of pC'-eful citizens, it id
: hereby ordered that ail oersons corttposicg
I ?>UJ!' will bo considereu und treated ne
[ outlaws, and ii' i..;.*"' will rec-.1!"-.? the
j severest punishment of military ?aw.
I The United '..tal.-s Go- ..-i ?irx-mt is des1:
oas of protecting ail peaceful and ?aw
j abiding v?t-i sen*, .ind .l ey wdl cr>r;ftr u
favor ou theso headqna: te:e, :ad do justice;
j to themselves,'-y e viug any information
i they may have in their poss-ra^i.;::
I ??tr the nain;-; si?l inove:.-i!?r!ts <>f snel?
j bauds, and., i; possible, uiding in their
i eu pin i e.
The time has arrived whan it bel . >vea
cr.irv .?>?'..? itu t" do all ia his power to
assis; the military lu rev J of : o United
States to re.store p- '<.>. and harvacuy
throughout the land. f>\ J: der of
Lieut. Col. is. HAUGIITOX.
2:>th o. Y. V. 1 , Coir. Y;: I*, s. F*-rees.
City . I' Col Crib! a.
W. ... KYM:, 2d Lieu:. ..?:.:. 0. Y. Y ?
and Port Adji?ar.r.. ".av
Hcadquanois, Rorihern District,
. DFPA.tTMKNT OP THE SC'L'TII.
C?Mr.i.r>Y.?.N-. >>. C., Ap:.l 2?>. 1 :0.".2
Ci ra:'.ir t<> Plantera, -ic.
^Usil-KOl S ?.,..!:?* ions l:-.e bena
^ Nv made to for info? o.??:.v . ?.
?>olivy to he :i i' i ted uti che subject o:
All eau understand ii.<? :ir.?o.'t?i:i.: ->i
makio,/ i. erop tin.' present soaso.:, ?
foresee the misery acdaufierin^ei .r.cuuent
upon iii failure.
h. the piv.se.it u.-settlec! btnte c; thc
country, and in the ?b?fiMo?? of any r?-iog
fiized State auth^ritie.:. I r.n? it my duty
to a.Mt:in< non!roi of the pia..(,...;--*is rear
til" mi li: arv lin ..>, find v <). :. ri? loNovvs.
1st, i :..-'| l i :. ir. taking the oath
of allegiance, '.viii as? rmb'e ti. freedmeu
(lately iheir slaves) hud inform them that
doy ?re free, and that ?ienc-icr?li they
must depend upon their own exertion*, tor
2J. hlqiiiiable cont iud ? ir: writing wilt
bemad.- by the owners ..' tho Loni with
Hie freedmen fur t.. : c .Vv>'.i >n of the
lund during the present year
l'?yme?it. wiil ce made ni hind, i the
allow'ince ot one half ihc eroc .? ? miii
mei'.Jed ns fair eonipeusation !\. . .. ! '. >r
the landlord furnishing .-.IOM irne.-. until
the crop is gathered.
Ti"-.?o ce:-.fracts will be s ?bm Lied to tho
nearest militiiry or naval tomuiniider ior
appiwul and endorsement.
When the above rcquireSienta ara com?
plied with, protection vi! Lc granted :.?
far us limitary L eessity wi : allow; but
where no contract .s;:'. ole, the crop raised
wiii be considered Ju; felted tor the .?se of
the laborer*, oho'.: id the ??>>. a ers rc.'u?o to
cultivate it, they will be eor-o'dercd as en?
delivering to embarrass the Go-.?; anieut,
und the l.md w:ll be ua.id ?'-.- eohmicS of
tLc ?'.'ct?d^itu Iroiii te* interior.
JOHN P. HATCfJ.
7jn* : Ti-Vf '2ea a.^ft