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By J. A. SELBY. . COLtJMBIA, S. C., FRIDAY MORNING, MAY 19, 1865. VOL. l.-NO. 43.
THE COLUMBIA PHONIX,
FUBLiauED DAILY, EXCEPT SUNDAY,
BY JULIAN A. SELBY.
TERMS-IN AD VANCE.
Six months, $5
One month, .... 1
One square, (ten lines,) ?ce time, 50 cts
Subsequent insertions. - 35 cts
Special notices ten cents per line.
From the New York Hefa ld. .
CORRESPONDENCE BETWEEN MAGRU?
DER AND THE CITIZENS OF WAS?
To Mojor-Gcnerol Magruder,
Commanding District of Texas:
GENERAL: The undersigned com?
mittee, nppointed at a public meeting
at Chapel Hill, iu the county of Wash?
ington, to confer with you in relation
to the 'organization of all exempts for
the temporary reinforcement of your
arms daring the emergency of an inva?
dion, having had the desired interview,
.we do, by your request, hereby submit
our plan for tho proposed organization:
1. That all exempt male persons ca
pable of bearing arms from about thir?
teen years old and u ?wards, that are
not now actually in the pu Wie service,
?hall organize immediately for the pur?
pose of serving during the emergency
of an invasion.
2. That t'ney include in (his organi?
zation all the male slaves of military
age that eich owner may be able to
brii'g or send to the field for the tem?
porary period-not less than three
fourths of those able to bear anns.
That each owner have the immediate
<:liarge and control of his own slaves,
being required, however, to organize
and drill them, and to remain with and
fight by them when required.
3. That these exempts, both owners
and slaves, be orgamzed into compa?
nies, battalions and regiments, uoder
the advice and assistance of such offi?
cers as the commanding General shall
designate; that company and field offi?
cers be elected on the following basis:
each white soldier to have one vote,
and an additional vote for every two
slaves brought into service by him.
4. That they go into camp, first for
company, then for battalion organiza?
tion, and for practice in drill and camp
duty, for a few days at each time; that
all expenses and equipage of camp and
transportation be furnished by the citi?
zens and members of this organization.
5. That on the formation into com?
panies, battalions and regiments in
each county, the roils and reports be
forwarded to district headquarters, that
the commanding General may institute
such further organization in brigades
as be may deem best for the public
C. That all the arms possible bc
brought into use, and reported in due
form, for information and guidance at
district headquarters. ?
7. That it be the duty of each citi?
zen to supply to every adult female,
now of his family, suitable weapons
for personal defence and for the protec?
tion of the children.
All of which is most respectfully
C. G. FOllSHEY,
B. L. PEEL,
P. S. We do respectfully and ear?
nestly invite General Magruder to at
tend the mass meeting appointed for
Saturday, May C, at Chapel Hill, be?
lieving, as we do, that his presence at
the inauguration of this movement
will give energy and success to the en?
C. G. FORSHEY,
B. L. PEEL.
OENERAL MAGRUDER'S REPLY.
HOUSTON, May 1, 18G5.
GENTLEMEN : I have the honor to
acknowledge the receipt of your com?
munication, enclosing a plan for the
Organization of exempts and negroes,
which in a great measure meets my
cordial support. Such amendments,
however, as I have deemed necessary
I Lavo made ?ti the plan, which I re?
' This plan, not being in accordance
with any law, must be regarded as
voluntary, and should the President or
General Smith, under the late laws,
establish any other mode of organiza?
tion, this plan must, of course, be sub?
ject to it.
In answer to your kind invitation to
take part in the public meeting to be
held at Chapel Hill on the 6th inst.,
permit me to say that it will give me
much pleasure to accede to it.
I am, gentlemen, with greaL respect,
your obedient servent,
J. B. MAGRUDER,
To Colonel C. G. FORSHEV
and Mr. B. L. PEEL.
From Hoxiston Telegraph, May 10.
MEETINGS OF THE HEBEL SOLDIKKS.
CAMP NEAR INDEPENDENCE,
April 27, 1805.
Brigadier-General Wm. P. Harde
man's brigade assembled en mas-e
this evening, and, with General Harde
man in the chair, resolved, among
otber things, that, in spite of the re?
veries to the cis-Mississippi armies,
they would not abandon the struggle
j until the right of self-government is
fully established. It was also
Resolved, That we denounce as era
vens those men who. having evaded
I service in the army, use unceasing en
? deavois to iostil a want of confidence
in the public mind as regards the final
issue, and hold them as more danger?
ous (being more insidious) than our
Yankee foe, who avows his object to
be our subjugation.
Resolved, That we will prosecute
this war until our independence is
achieved, holding in equal esteem the
! vandal foe who ?eeks to enslave us, and
the scarcely concealed traitor at home,
who, by act or word, attempts to para?
lyze our efforts to obtain our just
j Resoleed, That to our brethren in
j arms in the eis Mississippi Department,
j we say, "Be of good cheer;" anxiously
i waiting for orders, wo are ready to
I march to your immediate aid; but if
I driven from your homes and firesides,
j with high resolves and actuated by
stern ambition, tread your way to the
3oil of Texas, where our army, deter-,
mined to be free, await your coming;
together here we can yet toil and strtig
gie and conquer.
Resolved, That we will never forget
the true patriots of our land, the fair
women of the South ; they have al
ways been found ministering angels
around the couch of the sick and dy?
ing soldiers; with their own hands
they wrought the comfortable f.ibrics
that have clothed and warmed us amid
tho frozen blasts of winter. Others
may have despaired, woman never;
and in the future, as in the pnst, we
confidently hofe to receive from her
the same bright smile of approval and
gentle words of encouragement.
RESOLUTIONS OK PARSONS* BRIGADE.
CAMP WALKER, ROBERTSON CO.,
May 2, 18G5.
At a meeting of Parsons' brigade
en masse, at brigade headquarter?, on
the 2d of May, 18G5, after a calm bat
pertinent address from Colonel W. H.
Parsons, Capt. W. G. Veal, of Co. F,
Twelfth Texas cavalry, was called to
the chair, who briefly stated the object
of the meeting, and H. F. Felton, pri?
vate in Co. I, Morgan's regiment, was
Capt. Veal made an eloquent atti
appropriate address, urging upon the
brigade the importance and necessity
of doing their whole dutj as soldiers
in the arduous struggle for liberty in
which'we are now engaged.
The following resolutions were voled
upon by companies, and adopted wi:h
husiastic cheering :
Resolved, That we yield a hearty
support to Jefferson Davis, the Presi?
dent of the Southern Confederacy, and
those in authority, and come weal or
woe, this brigade will maintain its
character as soldiers, relying on tho
justice of Heaven, thc righteousness of
our cau?e and the strength of our own
red right anns for success.
Resolved, That we condsmn all re?
construction resolutions, and every
other foul stencil, sickening to the
hearts of patriots, and that nothing
less than independence, free and un?
conditional, will be acceptable as a
basis for peace.
Resolved, That we pledge ourselves,
individually, to our fellow soldiers
every where, that we will not lay down
our anns as long as the breath of a
Yankee miscreant pollutes the pure air
of our own sunpy South.
Meeting of the Texas People.
At a meeting of the citizens of
Fayette County, held at. LaGrange
on the 29th of April, 1865, to take,
into consideration the present slate of
our country, the/ following resolution
was unaniinousnr adopted by a rising i
Resolved, That under no circuirr
stances will we ever submit to re
union or reconstruction with tho Yan?
kee nation or live under them as a
Pursuant to a call published in tho
Ilou-tou papers uf May 1st, the
cit:/.ens of Fort Bend County met in
Richmond, on thc 8th inst., for the
purposes therein specified, and the fol?
lowing resolutions, wore unanimously
Resolved, That under no circum?
stances, in no event wi!! wo ever con- 1
sent to reconstruction, for i:i ad ution ;
t>> ail the causes which impelled us to j
separate fr?m our domineering and
perfidious enemies, a; 1 which still j
exist, they have for the last four years i
brutally and wickedly placed an ocean I
ot blood between us and thom J|jia!. can j
never, never be dried up nor crossed, j
Resolved, That to the 80,000 j
veteran soldiers now in t!ie Trans-Mis- ?
sissip.pi Department wc ought to a id j
at one;- o?.OOO new recruits, and at
least 30.000 negro auxiliaries. And
that with tltis force, weil fed and well j
clothed, and under the protection of
fi.ij and the leadership uf Sm'lh and
Magruder, we calino;, bc conquered in
Resolved, That we arc now ready to
volunteer the quo!a of negroes requir- .
ed of us by law, lo be placed in the
anny. And if, in the judgment of our
commanders, the quota is not suffi?
cient for tho present emergency, then
we hereby tender to them whatever
number of our able bodied negroes
they may require for our defence end
Resolved, That we have ni abated
and unshaken faith in our President,
that we have the utmost confidence in
his itili'gritv and patriotism, and that
wc implicitly rely upon his wisdom
and prudence, and his unselfish devo?
tion to the Confederacy.
Houston Telegraph, 10ih ult.
Southern Express Company.
AUGUSTA, GA . June 1, LS65.
r I MIE Ag Vits of tlie Southern Express
JL Company w?i receive and forward
letters for all places th.it can be reached
by its messengers or through the mails of
tlie United Stint, s.
The Government postarre will be paid
hy the Company, (until such time as th?
mails are re-established,) for which service
thc charge will be twenty-five cents for
each single letter of one half ounce, the
snm<> amount being a llied fer euell h ilf
ounce additional, and in ail cases to be
pre paid in specie or national currency-it
being understood by the senders that the
Company w??l not assume any responsibili?
ty for the safe delivery of such letters.
Re?eipts will be given for all packneres
of value, for which evnress charles will
. . . ... ' W o
be made as per tami. *?
Stamped eu'ffeiopes v ill be furnished lo
euch principal ?.>}.":eo a:. soon as they can he
i-'or farther information, inquire of
AJ?.ails Sqpthcvu L"lxpi"?s Company,
^p^f-j= TO nnv point cnn be accom
i&Ol^modated with a TWO-HORSE
SPRING WAGON, at liberal terms, by
inquiring at this oflice. June 7 3
Brass and Copper Wanted
THE undersigned will pay the highest
prices-in go?ds or money-for old
brass and copper.
June 5 ? HARDY SOLOMON.
Mrs. Pelot's Class
FOR the instruction of Yountr Ladies
in the beautiful art of PENMAN?
SHIP, will meet at 9 o'clock a. m., at her
residence, Routh side of the College Cam?
pus, next door to Headquarters. 'Class for
Young Men will meet at 4 o'clock p. m.
Terms moderate? June 7 3
(1 ROCERIES, PROVISIONS.
J DRUGS, MEDICINES.
FANCY ARTICLES, ?fcc. For eale by
MELVIN M. COHEN,
Assembly street. West side,
One door from Pendleton street.
June tl 5*
??CT^ ' fl X? "^GifTsa spf,
JAMES P. ll. STETSON & CO.,
7vW6' AV THE BEND,
Charleston, S. C.,
C^ALL thc attention of dealers visiting
/ Charleston to their large assorted
' CROCKERY, TINWARE.
YANKEE NOTIONS, Ac., Ac.
They are also receiving, pel"each steam?
er from New York-, fresh supplies of BUT?
TI7.:! CIIFE~*E I ' "SW *7T '>ITT> i' ?
which they offer at the LOWEST MAR*
IC ET PI.1GE for cash. June V 0*
f. IU)(J H lil KS ! ? ?
?VTV .. A CHOICE and WELL SELECT
l* r? Flt STOCK OF GOODS, which I
k\r \ j im prepared to oiler AT RETAIL
for a SMALL ADVANCE, and can give a
FAIR MARC!IN to dealers in thc city and
country. My stock consists in part of:
Boxes SMOKED HERRINGS.
? COLG ATE'S WASHING SOAP. !
Bbl?. BROWN SUGAR. 1
Chest YOUNG HYSON TEA.
" BLACK TEA.
Ki! ? MACKEREL.
Cases PICKLES, quarts and pints.
Boxes CANDY, assorted.
Frails FRESH DATES.
Boxes TURKEY FIGS.
" FRESH LEMONS,
? S<?Fr SHELL AL-MONDS.
.. BUTTER CRACKERS.
" OYSTER " !
? GINGER CAKES. i
" DAIRY CHEESE.
Dozs. NORTHERN BROOMS.
Boxes Colgate's PEARL STARCH.
" BLACK INK, in stands. ,
" YEAST POWDERS-Durkee's.
? Brown's Es. JAMAICA GINGER
Cases SPARKLING SCOTCH ALE.
Boxes HAVANA SEGARS.
? MASON'S BLACKING.
De:?. SHOE BRUSHES.
Boxes FINE CHEWING TOBACCO.
" SMOKING TOBACCO.
" Fine Cut Chewing TOBACCO.
BACON, BUTTER, LARD.
COFFEE, RICE. SALT.
MANILLA ROPE, FINDERS.
COTTON GAUDS, MATCH LS.
GUM CAMPHOR, GUM OPIUM.
POTASH aud BLUE MASS.
I ll . 1. r ?r?T?T\T^-.. 1
/%. M....ll \Jk I? Ul.lJ ?.OU I
(."ive mc a call, and judge for yourselves.
In basement of Mr. L. Levy's boure,
Coiner of Assembly aud Plain streets.
June S *
t Headq'rs United States Forces,
CITY OF COLUMBIA, S. c.,
MAY 27, 186C.
GENERAL ORDERS AO 4.
IN order to prevent any disturbance which
may arise from the itt:proper usc of in
toxicating li(?*!ors. it ii hereby ordered
that, for the present, no intoxicating li?
quors will be sol J or given aw&y to nnv
citizen or soldier, unless permission Ts
granted from tliesc headquarters. Any
one found guilty of disobeying this order,
will not only have his coeds confiscated,
but will be subject to punishment by mili?
tary law-. By commaud of
Lieut. Col. N. HAUGHTON,
W. J. KYI;-, Lieut. 2Mh O. V. V*. 1. and
Post Adjutant mny 2y
Headq'rs United States Forces,
CITY OF COLUMBIA, S. C.,
MAY 27, 1365.
GENERAL ORDERS NO. Z.
ALL citizens having ir. their possession
any property that rightfully belongs
to thc Knited States Government, accord?
ing to the terms ol' surrender of Gen. J03.
E. Johnston, C. S. A.. to Gen. W. T. Sher?
man. C.s. A., will immediately report the
same to these headquarters.
Persons having mules, horses ar.d wa?
gons, will, for thc present, be permitted to ?
retain the^amc for the purpose of carry?
ing on their work. Any person failing to
comply with this order within a reusona
blc time, will not only he deprived of any
farther us* of said property, but will also
subject themselves to punishment by mili?
tary authority. By command of
Lieut, f d. 25th O. V. V.,
Com'dg City of Columbia, S. C.
W. J. KYLE, Lieut. 25th O. V. V. I. and
Post Adjutant. may 29
Headq'rs United States Forces,
CITY OF COLUMBIA, S. C.,
MAY 27. 1SG5.
GENERAL ORDERS NO. 2.
INFORMATION having been received at
these headquarters ?f the cx.steace of
urnieij UHIMIS ?f iiuiiau?cis HU?.iting tba
country and committing depredations on
Ce property of ?>. le?is! citizens, it is
hereby ordered that all persona composing
such will be considered and treated as
outlaws, arid if caught, '.'.-ill receive the
severest punishment of "military law.
Thc Cnited States Gover-uacat is desir?
ous of protecting ali peaceful and law
abiding citizens, ar.d limy will c :fer a
favor 0:1 these headquarters, and ?le justice
to themselves, by giving any information
they may have in their possession respect?
ing the names and movements of such
bands, and, if po-sible, aiding in their
ca j > tur c.
The time lias arrived when it behooves
every citizen to do all in his power to
assist thc military forces of the United
States to restore peace and harmony
throughout the land. By order of
'Lieut. Coi. N. HAUGHTON,
2?th O. V. V. I., Com'dg U. S. Forces,
Citv of Columbia.
\V. J. KYLE, 2d Lieut! 25th 0. V. V. L
and Post Adjutant. may 29
Headquarters, Northern. District,
DEPARTMENT OF THF. SOUTH,
OIIA'.'.I.I ST<>N, S. C., April 25, la ',5.
Circular to Flouters, etc.
"VTUMEROUS applications have been
ll made to me for information as to the
policy to be adopted on the subject of
All can understand the importance ol
making a crop the pre?e:it season, nod
Foresee thc misery and suffering consequent
upon its failure.
in the present unsettled slate of the
eountry, and io the absence of any recog?
nized State*uitho;?ties. J find it my duty
to assume control of thc plar-ta'ions near
thc military lines, and order as f'-ilows:
1st. The planters, after taking the oath
of allegiance, will assemble the freedmen .
[lately their slaves) and inform them thar,
they "ar.; free, and that henceforth they
must depend upon their own exertions for
2d. Equitable contracts in writing will
bc made by thc owners of the land with
the free.'men for the cultivation of the
land during the present year.
Payment will bc mae'.' in kind, ar.d thc
allowance of one half the crop is reeom
[iietided as fair compensation for the labor,
?he landlord furnishing subsistence until
thc crop is gathered.
. These contracta will be submitted to the
nearest military or naval commander for
approval and endorsement.
VV'hea the above requirements prc com
plied with, protection will be granted as
far :;s military necessity will allow; but
where no contract, is mude, thc crop raised
hp ooi)??il?r?d fr?rfc?tefl for the uso of
une laborers. Should the owners refuse to
L-u'ttivalc it, they v li V- considered as Mi?
de.', vc ri np to embarrass the Government,
and the land will bi used for colonies of
the freedmen fror: Ihc infer? r.
JOHN P. HATCH,
lune 1 Brig <>en Commanding,