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title: 'The Columbia daily phoenix. (Columbia, S.C.) 1865-1865, June 09, 1865, Image 2',
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Inspector General |
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Friday Morning, June 9, 1865.
"What a career awaits the bibliopolists of
Hie South! Formerly the gentlemen of
this trade might esteem themselves fortu- I
nate if they could give one or two good I
new work* to the pablic in the course of !
a'season; but they will now be able almost j
to stock their shops with choice literary
treasures perfectly fresh] The accumu?
lated publications of four years constitute
a mine which the}* will knowhow to work
to their own advantage, and we hope to thc
satisfaction .of the thousands of readers
who have been so long cut off from the
?world of books. These readers will have
enough before them, if they intend to
make themselves masters of all that art
and science have done since the ports of |
the South were closed. There will bc some j
headaches got iu accomplishing thc task.
But it will bc a delightful task notwith- !
standing. "We do not cue how soon it j
begins. It is to be hoped that our book
Bellera are holding themselves in readiness '
to com nence operations as soon as practi?
cable, and that in these operations they j
will be guided by thc principles of sound ?
taste. Let them-if they can rise to such
disinterestedness-consult rather the needs
?khan the appetites of tho people; and, re?
fusing to Hood the land with bad novels
and worse poetry, let them give us only
what is really excellent and valuable. So
tdiall they present the true lovers of books
. Infinite riches in a little room.
The proclamation of President Johnson
?which wc publish this nioruing, says the j
Charleston Courier, clearly defines the j
terms of amnesty and thc class of voters j
who are to participate in the re-admission
of the insurrectionary Stales to their com?
plete rights under the Federal Union.
These States, as such, have never been .
legally otherwise than members of the
United States, although these who during
the past four years have held and oxer
<:ised the offices therein have been illegally
:n power, and hostile to the Government.
Tiie Constitutions of these States 6till re- |
main as they existed at the time the au- ?
Ihority under them was usurped, except as ?
modified by the laws since enacted by the !
Government, hut the oilices under them
are all vacant. There are no letr'dly re- '
cognized civil officers who caa administer
or carry on thc operations of the State ;
In order, therefore, to adapt the Cousli- j
tutior.fi to the new condition of things,
Conventions of the people are requisite, j
The class .of voters are declared to be the |
t-'anie asthos-5 who were entitled to suffrage
under the State Constitutions at the time,
of tiie attempted act of secession, exclud?
ing those who usurped the civil function? '.
and who have been prominent and active
io their hostility to the Government.
This is the view taken and plan adopted ?
in refe.reuce to North Carolina, and sug j
vests the policy in relation to the other
States in a similar condition.
What is the duty ol the people of South
Carolina in this exigency?
The war is over. The authority of the 1
Government is complete. Thc Union of
the States as one and indivisible lins been
established for all time. They are each
ariri all members of one great, indissoluble
republic, whose aim and mission is the
common welfare and advancement of all.
The dictates of reason, and in reality of
that true patriotism which is interested in
.the happiness and future of the State, is
to accept readily the facts and events of
thu present, lt is in goori faith and with?
out any latent purp- se of evasion for the
citizen to renew his allegiance and fealty
to our common country, and cheerfully to
co operate with and aid the Government
in the re establishment of laW and order.
Thc exhausted condition of the State;
the great want and suffering of thc peo?
ple; the absence of the usual channels of
trade and business, and hence of the avo?
cations of industry and support; in fine,
the .possession of a Constitution and yet
without a single civil functionary under
it, all require that every true citizen who
"??si:-es tl?e welfare and prosperity of the
country, should let "the dead bury its
dead," accept and act upon the lessons of
the present, and carry out the views of
the Government in restoring the Slate as
early as possible to her former relations
with the Federal Union. This ie the com?
mon duty and bhould bc the earnest and
hopeful endeavor of all. The prosperity of
South Carolina is inseparably coiyiected
with that of our common country. With
her final and complete restoration to the
Union will commence thc development of
her resources, tne return to the various
avenues of trade and industry, and her
recover* from loe j ula arid desolation of
tho lest few years.
The Augusta ContHiutioua'int states that
the email pox, which lias been prevailing
to t> great extent in that city for some
time, hr.s been, for tho pa<it ten days, on
Labor, hided by capknl and directed by
intelligence, is? the sure foundation of na?
tional prosperity. A?? the aggregate wealth'
of individuals constitutes that of a com?
munity, so does the prosperity and happi?
ness of the different States and sections of
the Union constitute that of the nation.
AU that can bc comprehended from the
word prosperity, in the State of Georgia,
ii? built from and depends on its plaiding
interest. When that tails, every other
interest, whether mechanical or manufac?
turing, droops and dies as the tree wh'-se
roo s liave been destroyed.
The sudden change in the status of the
negro, who has been and will for year?
continue to be our main reliance lor labor,
has destroyed, at. one blow, the fortunes of
our people, and this change taking place
in the most critical period of the present
crop, while the country lies wasted and
impoverished, causes many to look with
deepest gloom on our future, paralyzing
their energies. There is great need tor
wise, conservative legislation, to prevent
for tile present the boon ol freedom to the
black from being a curse to himself and to
The conditions under which he has here?
tofore labored for his own support and the
? benefit of mankind ore changed; but this
is all. His ability to *lii! labor is not de?
stroyed, and necessity, the sternest of
masters, with laws to punish vagrancy,
will compel him to d'> so. Heretofore, in
Georgia and the colton Slates, there was
no antagonism between labor and capital.
The planter owned his laborers, and look
Care of and protected that species of pro
perty with more care than he bestowed on
oilier investments; and the labor of the
State being owned by those who wielded
it. there was no 'competition between la
borers. Now the union between capital
nud labor is severed, and an irrepressible
conflict between them commences. Cap?
j lal will lake care of its own inter'st, fe
I gaidless ol the health of the employees
I and those negroes who become infirm* 01
diseased, or will not labor, will Oe thro'wr
as paupers 0:1 ibe community.
This sudden freedom has ri . led their un
tutored minds with strange feelings anc
wonderful ideas as to the benefits liberty
confers. They canuot comprehend how s*
many soldiers of a great nation have
made war for four years to free them am
yet compel them to work. Some of then
believe that liberty means no more worl
and plenty to eat and wear. Others theri
ar,e who profess a willingness to work, bu
demand wages that no employer can give
and much higher than were paid educate?
mechanics of Anglo-Saxon blood in pros
p.-rous days gone by. Wc can well nuder
stand their feelings of jo}-, wonder an?
fear, and forgiVe the temporary indisposi
tion to labor uudcr their combined eti.e
tious. We won ld counsel foi bea rn 11 ce 01
the part of their former masters, tor tim
will soon teach them that freedom mis it
duties and penalties as wall as Servitud*
and that they must now work or starv?
that hereafter they cannot expect the sam
care and attention bestowed upon thee
when sick or old as they ?formerly rt
ceived, unless by theil faithfulness thc
merit it. Those who liave such iutCite
ideas about wages, and who generally liv
in cities and have had easy lives as wai'
ing boys, porters, dee., will soon find qi
that white men will push them out, an
the law will forcc^thein lo work on pim
talions in preference to alloting them t
lead a vagrant life.
There are many grave questions cjt
nect.ed with this change wliich we nor
will bc calmly considered by the author
ties; for on their decision not onlv do.
the prosperity of these Southern"Stat
depend, but whether the victory achieve
? for the Union shall be a fruitful one
adding to the glory and renown of tl
nation-or one that will prove a b?rde
Already does a serious evil threaten us I
I the large ?iud increasing numbers of 11
I groes in this and oilier cities out of ei
; ploymenl, who must either beg 01 steal
I susiain lite. Soon chscase will sprei
among them, and the country ab em
i burdened be farther taxed for their su
j The planters, for the public as well
their own good, should usc every means
: induce their laborers to remain until t
present crop is secured, and we respei
I lu Hy suggest to the commander of t
j post the policy of requiring every nog
. coming to Hie city to be registered; a
j allowing them a leasonable time to secu
j work, failing in which and still remaini
j here, to send them either to thc plain
I lions on the const or to labor on the r;i
I roads, whose early completion would cc
I fer many benefits on the whole communit
I The proceedings of the Provost Cot
I show that lareenv is thc besetting sin
i the negro. Would not the fear of bei
I sent to work on a plantation or railro
I for a LC i ven length of time do more to ci
j this evil than confinement in jail? 1
I think it would.-Augusta Constitutional
I The citizens of Washington Coun
! Md., have held a meeting and resolved ll
j no one, formerly resident of that coun
; who joined the rebellion, shall no w rcti
j and dwell among them.
The Macon Telegraph says: "We rep
nn less than fifteen negroes, this morni
who came to their deat h by violence; w
two more eliot and one stabbed."
Nearly two millions ?.nd a half hi
already been subscribed in New Y
alone for the liquidation of the nalio
MM-murin um ggSSBEBSBSS 111 *mxs^^?
Local Items. I
The ofike of the Columbia Phoenix is
OD Gates street, second door from Plain.
Gen. A. 8. Hartwell arrived in this city |
last evening, and, we understand, is stop- j
ping at Col. John Bauskett's.
. The noxious Jamestown weed is over,
running the burnt district.of this city toa
most unwholesome extent. It is said that
this plant, where it exists in any quantity,
ia productive of sickness during the au
j tumn months. If this be true, the weeds
should be cut down at once.
We have once more to thank Mr. Grine
vald for a basket of fine plums, topped
with delicious pears-all covered with cool
green leaves. The products of Mr. Grine
vald's garden rival the products of his
brush-.vhich is saying much.
r?:g~Pi:n>os.u.-All subscribers to the
Phanix whose subscriptions have ex?
pired, will jilease come forward and
renew, in specie or provisions; otherwise
their papers will be stopped..
f^g1" We wish it distinctly understood
that our terms are cash. No-advertise?
ments will, therefore, be inserted unless
paid for in advance.
THESTOXEWAI.L.-The New York Herold,
speaking of the transfer of the ship to her
Most Catholic Majesty as a pr-aent, says:
"It is the first lime "that we have ever
heard that a captain or commander of a
vessel had the right to make a Govern?
ment vessel a present to anybody. Upon
this principle, inaugurate! by P;ige and
the Captain-General of Cuba, Admiral
Farragut would be entitled to give his
flagship to the Sultan ol' Turkey, Capt.
V orden his monitor to President Juarez,
and al! our other officers could follow suit,
'and go around giving away the vessels of
the United States to whom they please.
I This is all nousense. The Stonewall is the
property of the United States, and Capt.
! Page had no right to give, nor the Cap
' tain-General of Cuba to accept, her as a
present. Such an act on the part, of Gen.
Dulce is ill timed and indiscreet, and will
lend greatly1 to complicate our relations
with Spain. The result is, however, very
plain. The ram must be at once demand?
ed and surrend Ted, otherwise the Spa?
niards will get into a peck of trouble,
! from which they will not get out except
! with thc loss of their 'ever faithful' |
I island of Cuba."
I A merchant nt San Francisco, having .
I tlic misfortune to lose his wife, invited his j
I clerks to attend the funeral.'He afterwards ;
' charged each of them for the day us lost ;
i lime, and made them pay for the carriages. ?
'Plie Boston post olfice receives about
i ? IOOVK'I) a quai l cr for the sale of postage
I Headq rs Provisional Brigade, ?
COLLI M BI A, S. C., JINK t?, lt???.
: G E'S IUI AL O UL Eil EC. 12.
r"TTHE attention of this command is called
JL to existing orders against marauding
I and foraging. Officers and men are far"
I thcr ordered*to avoid ali unnecessary di
I cussiun on public matters with those who,
? after these years <>f blood and suffering,
I stifl do not acquiesce in the result of bnt
! tlc and iu the policy of the General Go
j vernmen?. .Courtesy to all is the part of
j a soldier. Information will be given when
f ever desir ed. Sympathy for those in sor
j row and affliction is felt by'no one quicker
I than by the soldier; hut no soldier can
j forget what be baa fought for, and what
j his brothers have died to support-the
j Union, Constitution and laws and free
j Government-now. as the result of the
war, accorded to all classes; nor can be
I forget the dignity of his Government and
I his own dignity as its representative, in
j dealing willi these who now either secretly
j or openly scoif at those sacred principles.
Contracts between masters and servants
j will set. forth in words the freedom of the
j latter, and will bc witnessed hy a United
J States officer and by a civilian". It is for
J die interest of the people that these rela
j lions be amicabb adjusted without delay,
j Cases of difficulty will bc examined and
1 tried by military authorities.
No privileges or advantages whatsoever
j will bc granted those who do not declare !
j their allegiance to the United, States Go- j
vernment, acting in good faith according
to that declaration.
This order will he published to the en?
By order of A. S. HARTWELL,
. Brevet Brig. (Jen.
Official: G KO. F. MCKAY, 1st Lieut, and !
A. A. A. G._ june t? I
TEE TERMS OF PARDON.
Proclamation by the President of the I
United States of America.
Whereas the President of the United
States, on tl.j 8th day of December. A. D.
1868,.and on the Sioili day of March, A. D.
180-4, with the object to'suppress the ex?
isting rebelUon, to induce all p*n>ons to
return to their loyalty and to restore the
authority of the United States, issue pro?
clamations offering amnesty and pardon to
certain persons who liad, directly or by
implication, participated in the said rebel
lior-; med whereas many porsor.B, who had
j PO engaged in said rebellion, have, since
! the issuance- of ?aid proclamation, failed
or neglected to take the benefits offered
i t hereby; and whereas many persons, who
! have been justly deprived of nil claim lo
amnesty ard pardon thereunder by reason
of their participation, directly or by im?
plication, in said rebellion and continued
hostility to the Government of the United
States since the date of said proclamation,
now desire lo apply for and obtain amnes?
ty and pardon:
To the end, therefore, tlint the authority
of the Government of the United States
may be restored, and that ponce, order and
freedom, moy he established, I, Andrew
Johnson. President ot the United Staten,
do proclaim and declare that I hereby
grant to all persons who liave directly or
indirectly participated in the existing
rebellion, except as hereinafter excepted,
amnesty and pardon, with restoration of
all rights of property, except as to slaves,
and except in cases whpre legal proceed?
ings, underihe laws of the United Slates
providing for the confiscation of property
of persons cngatred in rebellion, have been
inst ?tm ed, but on the condition, neverthe?
less, that every such person shall take and
subscribe the following oath or affirma?
tion, ?nd theiiccfoiward keep and main?
tain . aid oath inviolate, and which oath
shall be registered for permanent preser?
vation, and shall be of the tenor and effect
following, to wit:
I;-, do solemnly swear or
affirm, in presence of Almighty Cud, that
I will henceforth faithfully support and
defend thc Constitution of the United
States and the Union of the States there?
under, and that I will in like manner
abide by and faithfully support all laws
and proclamations which have been made
during the existing rebellion with refer?
ence to the emancipation of slaves. So
help me God.
The following class of persons are ex?
empted from the benefits of this procla?
1st. All who are, or shall liave been,
preteuded civil or diplomatie officers, or
otherwise, domestic or foreign agents of
the pretended Confederate Government.
21. All who left judicial stations under
the United States to aid in the rebellion.
8d. All who shall have been milit.arv or
naval officers of said pretended Coiifede
rate Government above the rank of colonel
in I lie army or lieutenant m the nav\\
4th. All who left seats ii 1 he Congress
of the United States to aid the rebellion.
5th. All who resigned or tendered resig?
nations of their commissions in the army
or navy of Hie United States to evade duty
in resisting the rebelliou.
6th. All who have engaged in any waj
in treating ot I: er wise than lawfully a* pri?
soners of war persons fou nd in the United
States service, a< officers, soldiers, seamer
or in other capacities.
7til. All persons who have- been e>r ar<
absentees from the United Stales for th?
purpose of aiding the rebellion.
8lh. All military and naval officers ii
tho rebe! service who were educated bj
the Government in the Military Academe
at West Point or thc United States Nava*
9th. All persons who held the pretende,
offices of Governor of Stoles $u insurrec
tion against the United Stales.
loth. All persons who left their home
within thc jurisdiction and protection t
the United States, and passed beyond th
Federal military lines into the so calle
Confederate States for the purpose of aie
ing thc rebel lion.
11th. Ali persons who have leen er
gaged in tlie destruction of the conimerc
of the United States upon the high sea
and who have made raids into the Unite
States from Canada, <>r been cngotred i
destroying the commerce of the Unite
States upon the lakes and rivers (hut pepi
rate the British provinces lrom the Unite
12th. All persons who, nt the time whe
they seek to obtain the benefits hereof b
taking the oath herein prescribed, are i
military, naval or civil confinement <
custody, or under bonds of thc civil, mil
tary or naval authorities ol agent? of tl
United States, as prisoners of war or pe?
sons detained for offences of any kin.
either before or after conviction.
13th. All persons who have voluntari'
participated in said rebellion, and the est
mated value of whose taxable property
over twenty thousand dollars.
14th. All persons who have taken tl
oath of amnesty as prescribed in the Pr
sident's proclamation of December 8, .
D. 18G5, or nn oath of allegiance to tl
Government ol' thc United States since tl
date of said proclamation, and who ha?
unt thenceforward kept and maintain!
the same inviolate.
Provided, that special application mi
be made lo the President for pardon 1
any person belonging to the "ixce-pli
classes, and stich clemency will be lit
rally extended ns maj' be consistent wi
tho facts of the case and the peace a:
dignity of Hie United States.
Tiie" Secretary of Stale will establi
rules ard regulations for administering n
recording the said amnesty oath, so as
insure its benefit to thc people and gua
the Government, against fraud.
In testimony whereof, 1 have hereunto :
my hand and caused the seal of t
United States to be affixed. ?\
Donc at the city of Washington, the 2?
day ol il av, i" tho year r.f our T.?
1BGG. and of the independence of t
United States the eighty-ninth.
By llie President:
WM. H.SHWA&D, Secretary of State.
Flour, Peas, (laffer. Mustard. Cutidles, ??c.
By A. E- Phillips.
THIS (Friday) MORNING, nt 10 o'clock,
I will ?ell, at Bedell's Store roon1, near
the Ration House,
Flour. Teas, I.aguayra Coffee, Cole- >
mac's Mustard, Sperm Candles, Salt. Pad?
locks, Tea, 1,000 lbs. Horse shoe Iron, and
many other articles. June 9 1*
Zealy, Scott & Bruns
WILL sell THIS MORNING, at 10 o'clock,
in front of their store,
1 hld. Molasses, Crushed Sugar, Boots
and Sboep, Leather, Mixed Homespuns,
Mustard, Black Pepper, Glassware, Crock?
ery, Cooking Utensils. Hardware and a
variety of other articles, Unlimited arti?
cles received up to hour of sale.
Terebene Oil nt. private sale. June 9 1
~~ " City Taxes.
IWILL attend daily, from 9 a.m. to 12
m., nt the Council Room, (formerly Odd
Fellows' School room.) for the purpose of
collecting CITY TAXES. In view of tl e
urgent necessities of the City Council, it is
hoped that all tax-payers will be prompt.
A. G. BASKIN,
June 8 _ City Clerk.
MILL IK ERY- ~
MKS. S. A. SMITH would inform the
ladies of Columbia that she is pre?
pared to attend to all orders in the MIL?
LINERY line, and has also for sale White
STRAW BONNETS, White S T R A W
JOCKEYS, SPRING RIBBONS. LACES,
<tc, at her residence cn Taylor str eet, one
door from Assembly. June 7 4*
AND FOR SALE AT RETAIL BY
HTS.. TJ. DAVI33,
Richardson Street, Mr. Fuller's J'lacc.
. Dozen Gent'? SUMMER UNDER?
SHIRTS. Jun- 7-3*
The Iiisses~T-W. Mordecai,
I) EIN G desirous of taxing a limited nuni
) ber of pupils, will open a School for
young ladies ?nd children ol both sexes. AU
the branches of on English education will
be taught; also, French and Music. Pen?
manship strictly attended to. Tuts class
will meet three times a week. Terms for
writing. 25 cents a lesson, payable weekly
in advance. Apply at Mr. R. Keenan's
residence, corner Rich land nnd Sumter
streets .lime 7 8
JW. SMITH is prepared to iurnbh
. TINWARE at wholesale or retail.
Al! orders promptly attended to, at his
residence. Taylor street, opposite Sidney
Park. REPAIRING done nt shortest
notice. June 7 4*
"V o g; o tables,
1THRESH I rom the kitchen garden. f.>r
sale every morning before 8 o'clock, at
ZIMMERMAN'S, near the Female Orphan
House. June G S*
qpUE old established firm of FISHER
JL & HEINITSH is located in tfie rear
of Dr John Fisher's residence; corner of
Plain and Henderson streets.
All the medicines required in a family
and for prescriptions may he found nt
their store, and all the preparations of the
standard strength, lt is, therefore, econo?
my to buy the best. Thc public may rest
assured there is no deviation from phar?
maceutical iules in the preparation of
. Arrangements will he made during the
summer to have on bund a complete stock
of every desirable article the coming fall
and winter- It is in conterflplatioi; tho
erection of a suitable building on Main
street, where the business will he carried
on asa wholesale and retail establishment.
FISHER ?i HEINITSH,
Pharmaceutists and Druggists,
june 8 3
DRY GOODS, GROCERIES, &C.
IIGHT and DARK MIXED MELTON
1 case FELT HATS.
1 " Ladies* BONNET FRAMES
1 case COLORED MUSLINS.
1 " JACONET CAMBRIC-colored.
1 " CALICOES.
Silk and Alpaca UMBRELLAS aBd
1 case 'Fable Cutlery and Pocket Knives.
Graniteville Shining, Twilled Jeans.
Spool Cotton, Flax Thread.
Pins and Needles, Pearl Starch.
Boaes Windsor and Castile Soap.
2 barrels Crushed Sugar.
2 " Brown "
Brooms, Irish Potatoes, Mackerel.
Herrings, Raisins, Cheese.
Mustard and Spices, fine Cologne.
Rio and St. Domingo Coffee.
Black Pepper, Yeast Powders.
Very extra Hyson Tea.
Sperm, Adamantine and Tallow Candles.
Pickles, Sardines, Catsups.
Cotton Cards and Yarn.
Smokinrr and Chewing Tobacco.
Men's, Women's and Children's Shoes.
Sole Leather, arid a variety of other
articles, which are offered for sale ot the
LOWEST PIG CES.
All kinds of PROVISIONS taken in ex?
change. J. G. GIBBES.
Store in roar of the old Post Office,
June 6 6 Plain street.