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By J. A. SELBY. . COLtJMBIA, S. C., FRIDAY MORNING, MAY 19, 1865. VOL. l.-NO. 43.
THE COLUMBIA PHOENIX,
PUDL1SIIED PAILY, EXCEPT SUNDAV,
Ii Y JULIAN A. SELBY.
TERMS-IN AD VANCE.
Six months, ?5
(jue month, - - - - l
One square, fl en lines,) one time, 50 cts
Subsequent insertions, - 35 cts
Special notices teu cents per line.
The Assassination of G-en. Kleber in
There is a skeleton in the Jardins
du Ii i in Paris, which moro than one,
probably, has seen, without knowing
to whom it belonged or its history
This is it:
O.n ccminir from Syria, after con?
quering the Turks tit Aboukir, Buo
tiapar^e returned to France, where his
?mb ti on, and the dangers menacing
tiis country, called bim. But before
quitting the East, where he had co?
vered himself with laurels, he wished
to ajsure the future prosperity cf his
Egyptian colony, by leaving it under
the government of a man worthy of
He selected among all the generals
who had (oliowed Iiis adventures in
that land, all ol whom were men who
had performed brilliant services, one
whose name stands high among till the
others, Kleber, the republican; we
mean an,ardene and enthusiastic man,
a brave and talented general; Kleber,
who was the idol of the soldiers, and,
in fact, the only man who could make
them forget the absence ot the hero ol
Ato?le and the Pyramids.
Scarcely, however, had .this general
added the name of Heliopolis to hil
these victoiies w;tli which the East was
t inging, when he fell by the hand ul a
On the llth of June, after review
ing the Greek Legion in the Island of
Doudah, he c*mu to Cairo, to preside
ovi r the prep nations which Monsieur
Pro?ain. one oi the engineers who had
ioMowed the army, was making in his
Both were expected to a breakfast
with another general officer, which was
given to several of his friends mid col?
ic ?giles. lt was quite a fete of rejoi?
cing, and General Kleber was unusu?
al ?y o;ay, for ail had succeeded since he
had been left in cominan J. The Turks
had been beaten as completely at He?
liopolis as at Mount Thabor and Abott'
kir. The second revolt at Cairo had
been put down, and everything seemed
to predict that for the future the town
would be quiet.
There was not far more than five
minutes' walk from the general's,
where they had breakfasted, to Gen.
Kieber'a, aud to arrive there it was
necessary to p;>ss by a terrace, shelter?
ed by immense vines, overlooking the
Place el Bekieh.
The general and the architect were
walking slowly, and the la'ter stopped
from time to time to trace something
on the sand with a cane he held in his
li a nd.
Suddenly a man, clad in Eastern
costume, appeared at a ehort distance
from the other two, bowed to Genend
Kleber, and crossing his arms over Ins
breast, saluted after the fashion of t!io
East. He tiien raised bis hand and
Kissed it. Kleber was accustomed to
these demonstrations; the Arabs who
\ sited him to demand justice always
acted thus, so he waited for the young
/ran to explain what, he wanted. Sud?
denly, with the quickness of lightning,
tue stranger drew a curved poi uard
from his belt, and buried it np t . the
Liic in Kleber's left side.
The general uttered a cry of pain
au 1 surprise, a9 he stepped backward,
;.-.;d then .he leaned against lite balus?
trade, caliiajg aloud to a so!lier who
was passing: " Help, guard I I am as
At lli-j same moment, Monsieur Pro?
cain, who had only a catie in his hand,
_T.i"g or. thc murderer, who, after tho
blow bail been dealt, stood a moment
silent and motionless; but, finding
himself unexpectedly assailed, with
the rapidity of thought he stabbed the
unfortunate architect half a dozen
j times, who fell fainting to the ground.
J Like a wild beast, greedy of blood,
tho mau rushed aplin nt Kiober, stab?
bed him several limes, and then fled
into the cover whence ho had come.
The guard hastened, as quickly as
povsible, to the general's assistance, but
lie was obliged to gc? round to. reach
the terrace. 13y this limo, also. Mon?
sieur Protain had come to himself, and,
seeing the general leaning against the
balustrade, pale and covered with
blood, he made an effort to try and
reach him, pointing out to him, now
too late, unhappily, how imprudent it
was to go about without an escort.
But Kleijcr,-gently extending his hand
towards him, uttered, "My friend, this
is not the moment to give me advice ;
1 am very ill 1" And he dropped dead.
The same day the soldiers found a
young Arab corcealed in the gardens
belonging to the French baths; his
dress was stained with blood in several
places. At his feet a dagger was
stuck in the saud, which was staiued
all round by it. This Arab was of
vory dark complexion, rind fragile in
I make. When brought before the mi
I lita ry tribunal nppomted to examine
i him, he gave his name without hesita
' tion, Soleyman EI-Kaleby, a native of
I ."ryria, twenty-four year' of age, a writ
j er by profession, established at Aleppo.
I As regarded the rest, he totally denied
j it all. Tne grueral at the head of the
I court-martial ordered him to be basti
j dadoed, according to the custom of the
j country. After receiving it, ho declar- i
ed himself ready to tell the truth, cou- j
I sequentiy he was once more brought I
before the council of war. There he
stated that he had been thirty-one days j
J at Cairo, having come from Gaza on a j
; dromedary; that his sole purpose in !
j coming was lo assassinate tho general. :
i being sent for the accomplishment of
' the ?leed by the chief of the Janissa
; ries; for when the Mussulman troops
j returned from Egypt, they inquired at.
: Aleppo tor some one who would kill
; the general, promising both money
and military rank to whomsoever
would do it, and he had accepted.
In the presence of the like acknow
; ledgements, sentence, as may readily be
j imagined, was quickly pronounced, es
; pecially by a court-martial,
j Consequently, Seleytnan El Kalebv,
j convicted of having assassinated the
I general iu-cliie?, Kieber, was condemn
I ed to have his right hand burnt off, to
I bc impaled and ?eft there to die, and
? hang until the birds of prey should de
I vour him.
I This execution took place on the
! return of the crowds which had fol?
lowed the remaiiis of Kleber to the
\ cemetery, cloie to the Institution, in
j presence of the army, in deep afflic
j lion, and a terrified population; for,
j accustomed to tiie sort of justice in
practice with the paellas and bevs^who
make a wholo city responsible for the
j crime of one man, they could not sup
j pose that the punishment, now would
j stop with the criminal.
< As regards Soleyman, he was the ]
I perfect Arab assassin, believing himself
j the one chosen by fate for the purpose,
! and ho walked forward to his execu
I tion without fear or ostentation, but
! firm and calm as a martyr,
j ?YVhen he arrived at the place of exe
I cution, his vest which covered his
breast was removed, and the hand held
over the lighted brazier. The punish?
ment had lasted five minutes before
the poor wretch uttered a complaint,
i when a lighted coal jumped from the
! lire and fell 0:1 the inner part of his
j For .1 moment ali his resolution
j abandone 1 him, and he struggled,
screaming oui for thu coal to be re
The executioner could not help
remarking, that it was amazing for a
' m :: ?kc trove!?* who h td borne thy
cruel torture of bis Land being burned
without a groan, should now cry out
for a little burn on 1rs arm.
The answer was peculiar.
" 'Tis not the pain," he said, "which
makes me complain, but Island on my
rights; this hot coal was not named in
When the hand wns burnt off at
the wi ist, the executioner led him to
the spot where he was to be impaled.
The spike was run into his boJy with i
twelve blows of a wooden mallet; the
spike was then driven'into the ground
on the highest point near the Institu?
tjon. There he remained four hours
and a half dying, and almost incessant?
ly repeating verses from the Koran,
only interrupting them to ask for
something to drink. A muezzin at
last took pity upon him, pud gave him
some water. Soleyman drank it, aud
The body remained there about a
month, and the birds of prey perfectly
accomplished the remainder of the
Thc skeleton of this poor wretch
was removed to France at the 6ame
time as the body of his victim, and is
placed in the Jardins du Roi, in the
first hall of anatomy, on the left on
entering; 'tis that of a man of about
five feet two, the hones of the w rist
are burnt, and the traces of fire still
The spike, in passing through the
loins, had separated two of the spitml
vertebras. They are replaced by two
wooden ones, which so weil imitate the
real, that it requires great attention to
A Palmetto Trophy.
Governor Fletcher, of Missouri, was,
on the 2i)t.h ult., presented with the
identical Palmetto flag which was sus
pended in the capitol at Columbia,
S. C., upon the organization of the
Secession Convention in December,
18G0. The presentation was made by
General Fisk in behalf of General F.
P. Blair, Jr., by whom it was captur?
ed at Columbia, S. C. The Missouri
t? The banner is of silk, richlv fringed
with bullion, upon ono side ol' which'
is inscribed in letters of gold: j
'SOUTH CAROLINA CONVENTION, I860.'
On the reverse sitie is the motto:
"SEPARATE STATK ACTION."
A palmetto tree, au open bible, and
the following Scripture quotations:
''God is our refuge and strength, a
Aery present help in trouble/'
"Tiie Lord of hosts is with us, the
God of Jacob is our refuge."
December 20th, 1860, was a jubi?
lant day in Charleston, South, Caro?
lina, for on that day, amid the firing of
artillery, tho ringing of bells, and oth<?r
joyous demonstrations. South Caroli?
na, by her delegates in Convention
assembled, declared that the union be?
tween herself and the other States of
North America was dissolved, and
that ihe State of South Carolina had
resumed her position among the nations
of tho world. The Charleston papers,
began to print henceforth their tele?
grams from Washington under the
head ot' "Foreign News." The Con?
vention fiist convened in the city ol
Columbi.!, December 17. The small
pox was then raging ther?fand it was
resolved to remove the secession post
to Charleston. Upon the organiza?
tion ot" the Convention at Columbia,
Gen. D. F. Jamison, upon taking his
seat as President, unfurled and suspend?
ed in Secession Hall the flail which to?
day hangs in the office of tho Adjutant
General of Missouri.
Lawrence M. Keilt uttered tho fol?
lowing words on that occasion: "We
have carried tho body of this Union
to iti last resting place, and now we
will drop the flag over its grave."
Robert Barnwell Rhett, and other
noisy chaiupious of Recession, respond?
ed amen to this sentiment. How aro
! the mighty fallen! We commend to
j our sorrowing South Carolina neigh
. hors the prayerful consideration ot'
other passages o? Holy W rit, selected
from t'.ie same beautifully expressive
psalm from which are - lbs quotations
on the flag. Let them be read amid
the ruins of both the political and
commercial capitals of the Palmetto
. "Come behold the works of the Lord,
what deso'.alion He hath made in the
"Hemaketh war to cease unto the
end of the earth. Ile breaketh the
bow and cutteth the spear in sunder;
Ile btu nelli the chariot in the fire."
"Be still and know that I am God."
A gentleman was dining with a
friend, when a most dreadful storm
arose. The host insisted upon his
guest's acceptance of a lodging for
the night. The guest complied, but
in a few minutes was missed from the
parlor. Tn half an hour he reappear?
ed, drenched with rain.
"Where have you been?"' asked the
host, viewing the singular object,
which looked like a dog about the
paws, and a weeping willow about the
j said he. quietly shaking off the
water, "I have been at home to tell
mv wife that, as it was such a bad
night, I should not return."
! DRY GOODS, GROCERIES, M.
LIGHT and DARK MIXED MELTON
1 caste FELT HATS,
j 1 .. Ladies' BONNET FRAMES
j 1 ease COLORED MUSLINS.
; 1 " JACON ET CAMBRIC-colored.
! 1 " CALICOES.
Silk and Alpaca UMBRELLAS and
1 case Table Cutlery and Pocket Knives.
! G rangeville S'iirting, Twilled Jeana,
j Spool Cotton, Flax Tin cad,
i Pins and Needles, P.-arl Starch.
! Bones Windsor and Castile Soup,
i 2 barrels Crushed Sugar,
j li " Brown "
I Brooms, Irish Potatoes, Mackerel.
I Herrings, Raisins, Cheese.
I Mustard ami Spices, tine Cologne.
Kio and St.. Domingo Coffee.
Black Pepper, Yeast Powders.
Very extra Hyson Tea.
Sperm, Adamantine and Tallow Candles,
i Pickh-s, Sardines, Catsups.
j Cotton Cards and Yarn.
Smoking and Chewing Tobacco.
Men's. Women's and Children's Shoes
Sole Leather, and a variety of other
articles, which are offered for "sale at the
LOWEST Pill CFS.
All kinds of PROVISIONS taken ia ex?
change, j. Gr. GIBBES.
Store in rear of the obi Post Office,
June S 6 Plain street.
Headq'rs Provisional Erigade,
COLUMBIA. S. C., JUNK 9, 1S?5.
: GENERAL ORR EU NO. 12.
rTnilE attention of this command is called
j JL to existing orders agi inst marauding
j and foraging. Officers and men are far
! flier ordered to avoid ali unnecessary dis?
cussion on public matters with those who,
after these years of blood and sufferinc:,
! still do not acquiesce in the result of bnt
j tie and in the policy of the General Gu
; vernment. Courtesy to all is the part of
j a soldier. Information will be given when
) ever desired. Sympathy for those, in sor
j row and affliction is felt by no one quicker
; than by the soldier; hut no soldier can
; forget what he has fought for, and what
j his brothers have died to support-the
i Union, Constitution and laws and free
; Government-now, as the result of the
I war, accorded to all classes; nor can he
forget the dignity of his Government and
: his own dignity ns its representative, in
dealing with those who now either secretly
I or openly scoff at those sacred principles.
I Contracts between masters and servants
! will set forth in words the freedom of the
j latter, and will he witnessed by a United
States officer and by a civilian. It is for
the interest of the people that these rela?
tions bc amicably adjusted without delay.
Cases of difficulty will bo examined and
trit i by rnihtary'authorities.
j No privileges or advantages whatsoever
i will bc granted those who du not declare
? their allegiance to the United S:.ates Co
vernment, acting in good faith according
to that declaration,
j This order will bo published to the cn
j tire command.
i By order ot A. S. HARTWELL,
Brevet Brig. Gen.
; Officia;: GEO. F. MCKAT, lat Lieut.-and
'. A. A. A. G. ?une 9
I Headq'rs United States Forces,
CITY CF COLUMBIA, S. C.,
MAY 27. 1SGG.
! GENERAL ORDERS NO 4.
IN order to prevent aDy disturbance which
may arise from the improper use of in?
toxicating liquors, it is hereby ordered
that., for the present, no intoxicating li?
quors will be sold or given away to any
citizen or soldier, unless permission is
grunted from these headquarters. Any?
one found guilty of disobeying this order,
j will not only have his goods confiscated,
I but will be subject to punishment by miii
3 tary law. By command of
Lieut Col. N. HAUGHTON,
W. J. KYLE, Lieut. 25th O. Y. Y. 1. and
i Post Adjutant. may 29
Headq'rs United States Forces,
CITY OF COLUMBIA, S. C.,
MAY 27, 1SG5.
GENERAL ORDERS NO. 3.
ALL citizens having in their possession
any property that rightfully belongs
to the United States Government, accord?
ing to the terms of surrender of Gen. Jos.
E. Johnston, C. S. A.. to Gen. W. T. Sher?
man, U.S. A., will immediately report the
same to these headquarters.
Persons having mules, horses'and wa?
gons, will, for the present, be permitted to
retain the same for the purpose of carry?
ing on their work. Any person failing to
comply with this order within a reasona
! hie time, will not only be deprived of any
! farther uso of said property, but will also
; subject themselves to punishment by mili
I tury authority. Bv command of
Lieut. Col. 25th 0. Y. V.,
Com'dc City of Columbia, S- C.
W. J. KYLE. Lieut. 25th O. V. V. I. and
Post Adjutant. may 29
Headq'rs United States Forces,
CITY OF COLUMBIA, S. C.,
MAY 27. 1SG5.
j GENERAL ORDERS NO. 2.
INFORMATION having been received at
these headquarters of the existence of
I armed bauds of marauders infesting the
: country and committing deprodatious-ou
i the property of peaceful citizens, it is
j hereby ordered that al! persons composing
I such will be considered and treated as
outlaws, and if caught, will receive the
! severest, punishment of military law.
i The United States Government is desir
' ous of protecting all peaceful and law
abiding citizens, and tiley will confer a
: favor on these headquarters, and do justice
to themselves, by giving any information
they may have in their possession respect?
ing the names and movements of such
hands, and, if possible, . aiding in their
The time has arrived when it behooves
every citizen to do all in his power to
assist the military forces of the United
States to restore peace and harmony
throughout the land. By order of
Lieut. Col. N. HAUGHTON,
25th 0. V. Y. I., Coni'ds: U. S. Forces,
City of Columbia.
W. J. KYLE, 2d Lieut. 25th O. V. V. I.
and Post Adjutant. may 29
Headquarters, Northern District,
DEPARTMENT OE THE SOUTH,
CHARLESTON, S. C., April 25, 1S?5.
Circular to Planters, etc.
"VTUMEROUS applications have been
JJi made to mo for information as to the
policy to bo adopted ou thc subject of
All can understand the importance ot
making a crop the present season, and
foresee thc misery and suffering consequent
upon its failure.
In the present unsettled state of the
country, and in the absence of any recog?
nized State authorities, I'find it my duly
to assume control of thc plantations near
the military lines, and order as follows
1st. The planters, after taking tac oath
of allegiance, will assemble the freedmen
(lately their slaves) and inform them that
they are free, and that henceforth they
must depend upon their owu exertions for
2d. Equitable contracts in writing will
be made by the owners of the land with
the freedmen for the cultivation of the
land during the present year.
Payment will be made in kind, and the
allowance of"one half the en>p i* reeom
mended as fair compensation for the labor,
thc landlord furnishing subsistence until
the crop is gathered.
These contracts will he submit!ed to the
nearest military or" naval commander for
approval arid endorsement. '
When the above requirements are com?
plied with, protection will bc granted as
far ns militar}- necessity will allow; bu*.
I where no eontrnct is made, the crop raise J
will be considered forfeited for the use ii
the laborers. Should the owners refiwe ?.o
I cultivate it, they will be considered as er
deavoring to embarras'? the Ooveraruct.t,
and the land will be used for colonie- ?
the. freedmen from the interior.
JOHN P. HATCH.
1 Jme 1 Brig Gen Comnandrng.