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By J. A. SELBY. . COLtJMBIA, S. C., FRIDAY MORNING, MAY 19, 1865. VOL. l.-NO. 43.
THE COLUMBIA PHONTX,
PUBLISHED DAILY, EXCEPT SCXDAT,
BY JULIAN A. SELBY.
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Osean, thou art disenchanted?
And the marfter'no more*
Anchors under islands haunted,
Off a silver?sauded shore; *
Where he sees some fairy's palace
Glitter through the boscuge green;
Hears tho glancing of her shuttle,?
And the wizard chant between. ^
Once the galley steering Westward,
Toward the throne of Saturn sailed,
Toward the islands of the happy.
Where the summer never fuiled;
Where along the beach elysian,
Heroes born in better days * .
Wandered, fanned by winds eternal,
Blowing inland from the baya.
Ocean, tho? art disenchanted!
And the mariner no more
Sees the sunken city glimmer,
Leagues away from any shore?
Where ere H?lice and Burial
Leaning o'er the galley's side.
Once the voyager saw them waver
With the motions of the tide.
Argosies condemned to wander
[l?venles* from clime to clime.
With* ensanguined ingots laden- . *
All have faded trom the brine!
And the Triton's shell no longer
Over yesty waves is blown;
And poseidon's burnished axle
Drifts a wreck upon the foam.
The?e are gone-but still thy surge?
Kiss und girdle.isle? of balm.
Clasping beaches heryl paven, *
Latitudes qt cordless calm!
Wordsworth on Taste ?rid Culture.
The sincerity of Wordsworth, in bis
intercourse with nature, constitutes the
great charra of his writings, the inspi.
ration of bia muse and-the secret of
Via philosophy. His love of nature
waa not only a part of bit real life, but
it was his most intense passion. Afld
the passion was an honest ore. It bad
no affectations. He thought in fthe
fields. His muse came to bim a? lie
walked. At his desk, and in ?is
studyi, he simply became the roechafi
cal scribe to put on record what the
poet had conceived out of doors.
^When his servant was asked-where
his library was. he answered -*In that
rooyi; but bis study is in the woods,
and fields, and out upon the hills, and
down beside the lakes.' The pleasurei
he found in the naked and natura
world led him somewhat to a dispar?
agement of the social and even? tbe
civilized. It moved him io such ex?
tremes as would outrage the mere
utilitarian. Hence we find him made
angry at the sight of ?. steamboat on
his secluded lake; and he tums away
with* a shudder from the rush and roar
and hiss and whistle o? the railway
car and engine, penetrating the woods
which ho bas solemnly dedicated to
Pan, and the sylvan muses. 3ut the
thoughtful man of. business will for
(^ive him this extreme of sentiment, in
consideration of those better lesions of
taste and art, which none caa teach so
well as the poet of the contemplative.
He would commend to all persons who
would build in the country, and exer?
cise a proper taste in doing so, to study
the spirit of Wordsworth's poetry,
and the direct illustrations he bas
given of what constitutes the perma?
nent charin of nature in his book of
prose, 'The Guido through the Lake
District' He would preserve the
region, so bountifully provided hy
Nature for the ase of man, as be him?
self has eloquently expressed it, 'a sort
of national property, in which erery
man has a right and interest, who hae
an eye to perceive, and a heart to
enjoy.' His correspondence furnishes
other precedents. Io a letter to bis
friend, Sir George Beaumont, this sub?
ject ia profoundly treated. His solici?
tude, it may. be remarked, ts called
forth by no vulgarian. He had as
much horrqr of the bad taste of a
nobleman as of a plebeian; and would
have condemned more readily the au?
dacious presumption of a castle than
?the feeble impertinence of a misplaced
cottage. It was a great error to sup?
pose of Wordsworth that there was
anything aristocratic-iq its invidious
sense-in bis zealous monopoly of the
woods . and fiejds. It was that man
should breathe freer among ttfem that
he erected his barricades of poetical'
warning against the mos? destructive
monster, Bad Taste. This passage in
the letter just mentioned will show
certainly no antagonism lo just 'pro?
'I know nothing which to me would
be so pleasing or affecting, as to be
able to say when I am ia the midst of
a large estate-This* man in not the
victim of his condition; lie is not the
ppoiled child of" worldly grandeur; the
thought of himself does not take the
lead in his enjoyments; he is, when he
'ought to be, lowly-minded, and bas
human feeling; he has a true relish ol
simplicity, and, therefore, stands the
best chance of being happy; at least,
without it there is no happiness, be
cause there can be Ao true sense ol
the bounty and beauty of the creation,
or insight into.the constitution of tb?
human mind. Let a man of wealtb
and influence show, by the appearance
of the country in his neighborhood.
Chat he treads in the steps of the gooc
sense of the age, and occasionally goet
foremost; lot him give countctrance U
improvements in agriculture, steering
clear of the pedantry of it, and show?
ing that its grossest utilities will con
nect themselves harmoniously with th?
more intellectual arts, and even thrivi
the. best under such connexion; le
him do his utmost to be sorrouad??
with tenants living comfortably, wtoiel
will bring always with it the best o
all graces that a country can have
flourishing fields and bappy-lookinj
houses; and, in that part of his est?t
devoted to park and pleasure-ground
let him keep himself as much out c
sight as possible; let Nature be all ii
all, taking care that everything don
.by man shall be in the way of bein;
adopted by her. If people choos
that a great mansion should be tb
chief figure in*a country, let this kin?
of k&ping prevail through the picturt
and true taste will find no fault.'
It was a love of Nature which di
not exclude man, and was far as possibl
removed from all jealous dilettanlisr
or the morbid feeling of irritable sell
love. In the following narrative pr<
amble, followed by^an eloquent deda
ration of a profound truth, we hav
one of the most fruitful passages i
"4 You know something of Lov
ther. I believe a more delightft
spot is not under the sun. Last sun
mer I bad a charming walk along lt
river, for which I **^is indebted to tb
man, whose intention is to carry tr.
walk aloug the river-side till, it jon
the great road at Lowther Bridg
which you will recollect, ju3t und'
Brougham, about a mile from Penrit
This is to my great sorrow ! foe tl
manufactured walk, which was abs
lutely necessary in many places, w
in one place pass.through a few hu
dr^d yards of forest ground, at
will there efface th? most beautii
specimen of a forest pathway ever se?
by human eyes, and* which I ha
paced many ao hour, when I was
youth, with some of those I best lov<
' There is a continued opening betwe
the trees, a narrow slip of green turf
besprinkled with flowers, chiefly dais?
ies, and here it h that this pretty path
plays its pranks, wearing away the turf
and flowers at its pleasure. When I
took the walk I was speaking of, last
Summer, it was Sunday. I met several
of the people of the country posting to
and from church, in different parts;
and in a retired spot by the river 6ide
were two musicians (t:elonging pro?
bably to some corps of volunteers)
playing upon the hautboy and clarionet.
You may guess I w.13 not a little
delighted; and as yet had been a
visitor at Lowther, I could not help
wishing you were with me. And now.
I am brought to the sentiment which
i occasioned this deta(|; I may say
brought back to my subject, which is
this-that all just and solid pleasure in
1 natural objects rests upon two pillars,
God and man. Laying out grounds,
as it is called, may be, considered as
a liberal art, in some sort, like poetry
and painting; and its object like that of
all the liberal arts, is, or ought be, to
move the affections under the control
? of good sense; that is, those of the best
and wisest; but, speaking with more
precision, it is to assist Natitte in
moving the affections, and, surely, as I
have said, the affections of those who
have the deepest perception of the
beauty of Nature; who have the most
valuable feelings, that is the most
permanent, the most independent, the
most ennobling, connnected with
nature and human life. No" liberal
art aims merely at the gratification of
au individual or a class; the painter or
poet is degraded in proportion as he
does so; the true servants of tho Arts
pay honing? to the human kind as im?
personated in utiwarped and enlighten?
ed minds. If this be so when we are
merely putting together words or
colors, how much more ought the feel?
ing to prevail when we aro in the midst
of the realities of things; of the beauty
and harmony, of the joy and happiness
of loving creatures; of men and chil?
dren, of birds and beasts, of hills aDd
streams, and trees ajid flowers; with
changes of night and day, evening and
morning, summer aud winter; and
all their unw'earied actions and ener?
gies, as benign in the spirit that ani?
mates them as they are beautiful and
grand io that form and clothing which
is given to them for the delight of our
There is conscience ia such writing
as this; and it is the prevailing tone
of the letters and conversations where
any question ot criticism or morality
is deeply concerned. The world may
get here if it will, what it most
j wants, ir*lesson of wisdom from retire?
ment, above the multitudinous noise
and jar, and the confusion of the
many temporary means and ends of
I the day. It will be a lesson of truth
and strength of purpose-truth, one of
the last things which men learn, how?
ever well disposed they may be towards
j DRY GOODS, &C" &C.
KENNETH & GIBSON,
At Robert Bryce's Old Stand,
ACHOICE ASSORTMENT of Goode,
consisting in part of:
1.20? lbs. choice BACON".
7 bbls. FLOUR.
luO boxea No. 1 HERRINGS.
5 English Dairy CHEESE.
6 bbls. BUTTER CRACKERS.
5 boxes FAMILY SOAP.
5 " CORN STARCH.
6 doz. BROOMS.
500 vards pure MADDER PRINTS.
600 * " Checked English ALPACA.
100 ?? " CAMBRIC.
'600 ?' superior LONG CLOTH.
Windsor Soap. Hair and Tooth Brushes
DreapJng and Fine Tooth Combs.
Swewt Oil, Gent's Puper Collars.
Sugars, Lockt, Smoking Pipes.
And various other articles too nuoerom
? *?-* tn cat ic a. June IS
?NE BOX FINEST CHEWING TO?
BACCO, cheap for cash by
I .Tune IS 2 FISHER <fc HEINIT3H.
i DR. M. M- SAMS
OFFERS his PROFESIONAL SER?
VICES to the inhabitants of Colum?
bia* Will be found at building formerly
occupied by Prof. Patrick, on Arsenal
square. June 14 2
DR. S. LOGAN offers his professional
services to the residents of Columbia
and its vicinity. He may be found at Dr.
J. J- Chisolm'#new house, on Arsenal Hill.
June 12 _4*
IWILL attend dailj\ from 9 a. m. to 12
m., nt the Council Room, (formerly Odd
Fellows' School-room.) for the purpose of
collecting CITY TAXES. In view of the
urgent necessities of the City Council, it is
hoped that all tax payers will be prompt.
A. G. BASKIN.
.Jone 8 City Clerk.
Headq'rs Provisional Brigade,
COLUMBIA, S. C., Jc?fi 9, 1665.
To thc Freedmen:
THE time has come for you all to do
your best to show that, you^are fit to be
free men in this great Republic. Observe
sacredly thi marriage tie. Learn ta read
and write. No one must leave his wife,
children or aged 'parents while he can
assist them- Thieves and idlers and peo?
ple strolling about the country will be
punished. Be prudent, and quiet, and or?
derly. If you have trouble, report it to
the military authorities. This year you
cannot do much more than get a living
for yourselves 3nd families; those will get
the best pay next year who work the best
Let no one be either proud or ?shamed
of the form or color that G*od has given
him. Be proud of the chance to do for
yourselves and for each other.
(Signed.) A. S. HARTWELL.
Jurie 10 Brevet. Hrijxadier-TBeneral.
Headq'rs Provisional Brigade,
COLUMBIA. S. C., ?u.va 9. ISOr,.
GENERAL ORDER NO. IS.
"1\7HEREAS certain persons have an.
Vv notinced to those colored people
formerly their elaves and still remaining
on their tanements that, they must quit,
with no provision made or Attempted for
said colored people to obtain shelter ot
work, it is hereby ordered thar no person
shall turn off from his plaue or house those
colored people who have lived y i th him
and still desire to remain with him and do
what they can.
Any person or person* violating th?
order, and turning out from their houses
these people, to become paupers upon the
community, will be forthwith arrested anc
reported at these headquarters for trial
Case3 of colored people residing on th?
places of their former masters, and be
having improperly or- refusing to wort
with fair terms offered, will be report?e
for action of the militaay authorities,
By order of A. S. HARTWELL,
"Brevet Brig. Gen.
Official: GEO. F. MCKAY, Lieut, and A
A. A. G. " " june 10 6
Headq'rs Provisional Brigade,
COLUMBIA, g. C.. JUNE 9, 1866.
GENERAL ORDER NO. 12.
THE attention of this command is caller
to existing orders-ag?inst maraudirij
and foraging. Officers and mep are far
ther ordered to avoid all nnnece-eary di*
cussion on public matters with those who
after these years of blood and sufferine
still do not acquiesce in the result of bat
tie and in the policy of the General Gc
. vernment. Courteey to all is the part o
a soldier. Information will*be given when
ever desired. Sympathy for .those in nor
row and affliction is felt by no one quieke
than by the soldier; but no soldier ca
forget ?rhat he has fought for, and who
his brothers have died to support-th
Union, Constitution and laws and fte
Government-now, as the result of th
war, accorded to all classes; nor cari h
forget the dignity of his Government un
his own dignify ns its repr?sent?t i ve, i
dealing with,tralee who now either s-.cretl
j or openly scoff at those sacred principle
i Contracts between ruasteis and ter van
will set forth in word* the freedom of th
latter, and will be witnessed by a Uni:*
States officer and by a civ ilia n. It is ft
the interest of the people that th?se rel
tions be amicably adjusted without* dela
Cases of difficulty will bo examined a;,
tried by military authorities.
No privileges or advantages whatsoev.
will be granted those who do not decln
their allegiance to the United States G
vernment, acting in good faith accordii
to that declaration.
This order will bo published to the e
By order of A. S. HARTWELL,
Brevet Brig. Gen.
Official: GE^ F. MCKAV, 1st Lie.t1. a:
. A. A. A. G. v? 0
Headq'rs United States Forcee, .
CITY OF COLUMBIA, S. C,
MAT 27, 1S65.
GENERAL ORDERS NO 4.
Ii< order to prevent any disturbance which
may anee from the improper use of in?
toxicating liquors, it is hereby ordered
that, for the present, no intoxicating li?
quors will be sold or given away to any
citizen or soldier, unless permission is
granted from these headquarters. Any ,
one found guilty of disobc3-ing this crdcr,
will not only have his goods confiscated,
but wiil be subject to punishment by mili?
tary law. By command of
Lient Col. N. HAUGHTON,
W. J. KYLE, Lieut. 26th O. V. V. 1. and
Post Adjutant. may 29
Headq'rs United States Forces,
CITY OF COLUMBIA. S. C.,
MAY 27, 1865.
GENERAL ORDERS NO. 3.
ALL citizens having ir. their possession
nny property t hat righi fully belong*
to the United States Government, accord?
ing to the terms'of surrender of Gen. Jos.
E. Johnston, C. S. A.. to Gen. W. T. Sher
' man, U. S. A., will immediately report tho
same to these headquarters.
Persons having mules, horses and wa?
gons, will, for the present, be permitted to
retain the same for the purpose of carry
I ing on t heir work. Any person failing to
comply with this order within a reasona?
ble time, will not only be deprived of any
farther use of said property, but will also
subject themselves to punishment by mili?
tary authority. By command of
Lieut. Col. 25th O. Y. V.,
Com'dg Citv of Columbia, S. C.
"W. J. KYLE. Lieut. 25th O. V. V. I. and
Post Adjutant. may 29
Headq'rs United States Forces,
CITY OF COLUMBIA. S- C.,
MAT 27. 1885.
GENERAL ORDERS NO. 2.
INFORMATION having been received at
thes-j headquarters of the existence of
armed bands of marauders infesting the
country and committing d?pr?dations on
the property of peaceful citizens, it is
hereby ordered that all persons composing
such wiii be Considered and treated as
outlaws, and if caught, will receive the
severest, punishment ot military law. /
The United St.at.es Government is desir?
ous of protecting ail peaceful and law
abiding citizens, and they will confer a
favor on th?s?? headquarters, and do justioo
to themselves, by giving any information
they may have in their possession respect?
ing the names and movements of euch
bandi, and, if possible, aiding in their
The time has arrived when it. behooves
every citizen to do all in his power to
assist the military Torce ? of the United
St?tes to restore peace and harmony
throughout the land. By order of *
Lieut. Col. N. HAUGHTON,
25th O. V. V. I., Com'dg U. S. Forces,
City of Columbia.
W. J. KYLE, 21 Lieut. 25th O. V. V. L
and Post Adjutant. ma}' 29
Headquarters, Northern District,
DEPARTMENT OF THE SOUTH,
CHARLESTON, S. C., April 25, 1865.
Circular to Planters, eic.
"T^TUMEROUS applications have been
JJN made to me for information as to the
policy to be adopted on the subject of
All can understand the importance of
making a crop the'present season, and
foi 'esee the misery and suffering conseouent
upon its lailure
In the present unsettled state of the
country, and in the absence of auy recog?
nized State authorities, I find it my duty
to ct-.urne control of the plantations near
the military lines, and order as follows:
1st. The planters, after taking the oath
of all-igiance, will assemble the freedmen
(lately their slaves} and inform them that
they "are free, aud tba' henceforth they
must depend upon their OWD exertions for
2d. Equitable contracts in writing will
be made by the owners of the land with
the freedmen for the cultivation of the
land daring the present year.
Payment will be made in kind, and the
allowance of one half the crop is recom?
mended as far compensation for the labof,
the landlord furnishing subsistence until
the crop is gathered.
These contracts wul be submitted to the
nearest military or naval commander for
approval and endorsement,
When the above requirements are com?
plied with, protection will be granted as
far as military necessity will allow; but
where no contract is made, the crop raised
will be considered forfeited for the use of
the laborer?. Should tke owners refuse to
cultivate it, they will be considered as ea
I deavonng to embarrass the Government,
and the land will be used for colonies of
the freedmen from the interior.
JOHN P. HATCH.
. June 1 B<ig. G'tj. C?mraa^ding.