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Thursday Morai ag, Jane 15, 1865.
Teaching and Training. '
Event?, however small, in the lives of
children, are things of more vast impor?
tance to the race than those leading occur?
rences which make the nations anxious.
The occurrences of childhood, more or
less, involve principles; and these are
never insignigcant matters, though they
take place in trifles, and relate to sports
and toys. A principle is never a small
matter. A principle may be regarded as
the parent of a thousand dependencies,
.which, like other subordinates, would be
unruly, were not the governing power
there to keep them in order. A fixed
principle guides the subordinate thoughts j
of the mimi, or they lob it of all sanity.
Tims, the power which propels the steam?
boat and the stage-which provides a cit}7
?with bread, or consumes it-is a eiugle
power, and only works in these different
.ways and for these different objects, how?
ever distinct, in obedience to the solitary
agency to which they are subject. A prin?
ciple impressed upon the child, through
the medium of those trifling events of
Which his early life is commonly made up,
becomes a habit, as much so as the wash?
ing his face and hands of a morning. It
forms for his government what we call a
standard of the mind. By this standard
of the mind, whi?jh, as a habit, is familiar
and at his fingers* ends at all times, he -is
enabled to determine upon his proper con?
duct and what he should do, however
novel or unusual may be his situation. If,
for example, his father has made it a point
with him to speak the truth at all times
and under every c/rcumstance-as every
father should do-if he has tutored him to
look upon falsehood as odious and mean, ,
and upon every form of evasion n6 not
only immoral, but unbecoming tomailhood
-the boy so taught, in after life may be.
trusted safely. We care not in ?what situa?
tion you place him, he will never go aside
fropi the standards of mind which have
been given, however far he may be re?
moved from the eye of the parent, and
however fur beyoud the reach of parental
favor or reproof. Solomon, a very respect?
able authority in ancient times, was never
more correct than when he said, "Train
up the child in the way he .should go, and
when he is old he wiil not depart there?
from." Mark it-he does not say teach,
but train. There is a world wide differ?
ence in the meaning of these two words.
The world now teaches all and trains none
MEMORIAL TO THE PRESIDENT OF THE
UNITED STATES.-We give below, says the
Charleston Courier, the memorial of the
citizens of the State of South Carolina to
his Excellency the President of the United
States, for the appointment of a provisional
governor for the State of South Carolina:
To his Excellency Andi ern Johnson, Presi?
dent of the United States:
The undersigned, who have taken the
oath of allegiance, long residents of
Charleston and other sections of the State
of South Carolina, and citizetis of the
United States of America, most respect?
fully memorialize your Excellency, to
obtain the restoration of the civil govern?
ment ia this State. The great civil war
which moistened 6ur land with blood,
ruined our people, and desolated our
homes, is at ah end. In good faith, we
have renewed our fidelity to the Constitu?
tion of*ibe United States. There is no
reserved intention to errtbarrsss t?ie autho?
rities, or sullen disposition to oppose the
The determination is universal to be in
spirit and in truth loyal, and lo do all that
becomes citizens whose interest is in the
United States, to promote the prosperity of
their country. The deprivation of civil
government opposes the energies of the
people, creates distrust, diminishes, if it
does not wholly destroy, commercial
transactions, and inflicts on the commu?
nity lawless speculations in the place of an
in vigor ating, legitimate commerce. Your
memorialists can effect nothing without
the aid of your Excellency's authority.
The State has ever continued a part of
the great integral-the Union. The peo?
ple are disorganized. The appointment
<if a provisional governor, with power to
reorganiza the State Government, would
lead to an earl}- restoration of civil go?
vernment, and confer on the people of this
State the blessings of peace.
Your memorialists, therefore, pray that,
some eitizeu of this State be appointed
provisional governor of the St?te of South
And your memorialists will ever pray.
Benjamin Wood has retired from the
editorial eh arge of the Ne iv York News.
He .will be succeeded by the Irish exile
and patriot, John Mitchel, a fice gentle?
man an! a vsry able vrrittr.
Retarn to the TJnicn-Public Meeting.
In pursuance of a call of Council for a
public meeting of the citizens of Colum?
bia and of Richland District, -with the
view to the restoration of the State of
South Carolina' to the United States, a
large and respectable assemblage took
placent the City Hall, yesterday morning.
On motion of Mr. M. C. Mordecai, Mayor
Gibbes was called to the Chair, Mr. An?
drew G. Baskin was appointed Secretary,
and the meeting was duly organized. The
objects of the meeting being then full}'
stated by the Chairman, Mr. C. R. Bryce
moved that a committee of five be ap?
pointed by the Chair to report upon the
object in view. The committee consisted
of Messrs. (3. R. Bryce, John Caldwell, A.
R. Taylor, Edward J. Arthur and W. H.
Scarborough, who reported, through their
Chairman, the following resolutions, which
Resolved, That the citizens of Columbia
and Richiaud District, respectfully request
his Excellency Audrew Jehnson, Br jsident
ot the United States, to take such mea?
sures as will lead to au earl}' restoration of
the titate ot South Carolina to her former
relations with her sister States of the F??
deral Republie, and as will restore her
people to the enjoyment of their civil and
political rights iu the Union and under
the Constitution and laws thereof, and re
mit them at au.early dfcy to the prosecu- j
tiou of their wonted industrial pursuits., j
Resolved, That a committee of twenty
one be appointed to communicate the
foregoing application ia such uiauucr as
tncy may find most proper and convenient.
Jiesotved, That our feilow-citizeus of the
other Districts iii the State, are earnestly
invited to'take early action for the attain?
ment of tlic above objects, and that the
committee appointed under the 6econd re?
solution are authorized, to act an a com?
mittee of correspondence with them when?
ever it may be desirable. .
The following gentlemen constitute the
committee appointed under the second re"
solution: C. R. Bryce, Johu Caldwell, Dr.
John Fisher, M. C. Mordecai, A. M. Bunt,
Jacob Lyons, E. J. Arthur, Capt. W. B.
Stanley, Wm. G ilmore Simms, John Town?
send, Wm. F. DeSaussure, E. J. Scott, J.
A. CrawforJ, E. L. Kerrison, J. McKenzie,
A. R.Taylor, W*. H. Scarborough, ll. Leid
iug, C. ll. Baldwin, C. A. Bedell, J. M.
Blakeley. . I
We ha^e had a sight of the Charleston
I Courier, of the 13th iust., from which we
gather the items which follow, and which
we condense to our limits:
The South Carolina Railroad has been
turned over to the President-, W. J. Ma
grath, who will at once proceed to the re.
organization of the several departments.
Gov. A. G. Magrath, who has been con- j
fined at Fort Puluski, returned to that
fortress, b^y special orders of the President,
after he had been conveyed by ship to
Fortress Monroe. j
The Rev. W. B. Yates hos returned to
Charleston, whither he hopes shortly to
remove the boys of the Marine School,
who, tor some two years, have heen en?
gaged on a farm school near Orangeburg.
We are quite willing that the Marine
School shall continue, but could not will?
ingly see the farm school abandoned.
STEAMSHIP GRANA?A.-The steamship
Granada, Captaiu Rodney Baxter, left
Brown's Warf. Charleston, for New York
direct, at 7 o'clock, on Saturday morning.
The following is a list of the passengers:
Mrs. Jackson, Mrs. Harris, Miss E. A.
R'.cCully, A. Gaga and wife, A.H. Locke,
T. A. R. Horton, George IL Horton, T. W. '
Chichester, wife and three children, Wm.
Gregg, Jr., wife and two children, Mrs.
! Addison and child, E. V. Chichester, one
? white and two colored servants, E. Mottet,
! J. S. Terry, J. Morgan, F. B. Davis, H. A.
Middleton. Ralph Izard, A. S. Hull, J. I
Purcell, T. Puryear, Mrs. W. M. Campbell
and four children, Mrs. Iznrd, Miss Izurd,
J. M. Hey ward and son, George Conner,
I A. Canale, B. M. Heriot, W. A. Youner, S.
j A. Meeker, N. Williams, Jr., A. F. Black,
i lady and child. Miss SwafBeld, Mrs. Fair?
banks, D. L. OJrlev, T. J. Moise, P. J.
Coogan, J. Hirshfiefd, John Heart, G. J.
Cunningham, A. Hiing. j
Ourt BANKS -A number of the presi?
dents and leading officers of the old city
banks huve arrived in townWbr the pur?
pose, it is said, of placingThese institu?
tions in running order. One or two of the
banks can easily do this, so far as capital
j is concerned, inasmuch as they sent to
I Europe at an early stage of tdie war a
i kirge amount of funds and bonds.
[Charleston Courier, 10th.
The friends nnd acquaintances of Mr.
and Mrs. WM. ELKINS, of Mr. and Mrs.
John A. Elkins and of Mr. andMrs. W. D.
Hammett, are respectfully invited to attend
rhe funeral service? of the former, from bis
lalo residence, (Laurel street, near Char?
lotte Depot,) THIS AFTERNOON, at 5
The ofti?e of the Columbia Phoenix is
on Gates street, second door from Plain.
SCHOO:, FOU BOYS.-Our readers will see,
by the advertisement of Mr. Henry Tim
rod, that he proposes to open a school for
boys in this city on the first week in July.
Of Mr. Timrod's perfect competence, no
one oan doubt. He is a fine scholar, a
classicist, highly accomplished in let?
ters, an exquisite poet, and a gentle, mo?
dest man. He will not teach as a hod?
man, dully, from the mere text book, but
thoroughly, and with thought being
brought to bear upon the lesson, making it
lucid to the youthful understanding. We
need not add, surely, that schooling is the'
first and last necessity for boys, and those
parents are the worst criminals in a com?
munity who suffer their sons to loiter
about the streets in idleness, losing the
most precious days of their lives, and
perilling mind, moral, fortune, life itself |
-their whole future-in forbidden ways.
An idle mind is the devil's workshop, and
it is high time we should arrest the prac
tice of apprenticing our children to such a
'THU CRY I9%TILLTHEY COME."-Colum?
bia is decidedly looking up, aa we mny
phrase it of one who has been long lying
flat upon his back. She is becoming
lively, as the prices current phrase it of]
herrings in uuirket. Every day adds to.
our list of shops opened, and wagons ar?
riving with new goods. The reader will
sec by the advertisement that Messrs.
Zealy, Scott & Bruns have got a large and
fresh supply, a various assortment, which
the? claim to be able to sell at pries
miserably low. We shall see. Mr.'Scott
has recently been to Charleston, where he
was duly welcomed, and where he made
his purchases in person. The more the
merrier. In this connection, we may add
that people who do not much go about
would be surprised, by an afternoon's walk
among the ruins, at the number of houses in
progress of erection or repair. So should it
bc. With the growth of business houses in
the town, w,ill be the demand for supplies,
and wagons from the country; and, with
commodities for?xchange with the firmer,
we shall need the less of the circulating
medium for the latter.
Begin life with but little show; you may
find it afterwards. *
Columbia Medical Society.
AMEETING of this Society will b3
held at the Shiver House, 'I HIS
DAY. at 5 p. m., in Dr. Templeton's room
Bv order of the President.
June 15 lt. W. GIBBES, Ja. Sec
COTTON & COUNTRY PRODUCE.
\\TE will buy and barter COTTON and
Y other PRODUCE at reasonable
rates. Planters and holders of either are
jequested to give us a call when visiting
the city. ZEALY, SCOTT A BRUNS.
June 15 2 ir
For Newberry C. H
Cgrmj^ WE W-H despatch a LIGHT
WAGON, THIS AFTERNOON,
at 4 o'clock, for Ncwberr}', S. C. Three
or four seats can be engaged, if applied
for this morning.
ZEALY, SCOTT A BRUNS
'june 14 . l*
MR. HENRY TIMROD
WILL open, during the first week in
July, at his residence in Richland
street, (between Bull and Marion,) a
DAY SCHOOL FOR BOYS, in which the
Ancient Languages, French and the usual
English Branches will be taught.
Dwelling House for Sale.
Wffit ONE of the largest and best ap
J?|jij.po?nted DWELLING HOUSES in this
c i ty, with extensive and complete Stables
and Servants' House, ?fcc, for sale. Apply
any day, 1 tween 1 and *J o'clock, at the
South east corner of Marion and Lady
[^streets, opposite the Presbyterian Church.
June 15 _6*
THREE ROOMS, in a pleasantly situ?
ated house on Taylor street They
will be rented to single gentlemen, and the
lower room for an office, if required. ^ Ac?
cess to them can/ be made without inter?
ruption to tha family. Rent in advance
and references? solicited. Inquire of Mrs.
JOHN GLASS. ' .lune 15 1?
YOU WILL FIND AT
O. F1. JacliLSon's,
Marion Street, near Lumber,
CALICO. LON G CLOTH, SPRING CAS*'
SI MERE, Fancy and Blue FLAN?
NEL, DRESS MUSLIN, TOW ELS, TAPE,
Pios, Combs, Tooth Bru ?hes, Black Silk,
Fancy Alpacas, Fancy Soap, Boys' Sacks.
Also, Sugar, Coffee," Tea, Flour, Segara,
Candles and a number of other articles.
June 15 1'
APLEASANT COTTAGE, of 5 room?,
at Barhamville. Apply at this office.
June 15 _ ^ *2?
i L. SOLOMON;
Second door above Shiver House, Plain St^
General Commission Merchant
and Dealer in Foreign and
and Country Produce.
CONSIGNMENTS from manufacturers
and planters will receive .my usual
Just received and now in store:
2.000 lb?, clear BACON SIDES.
8W> HAMS and SHOULDERS.
10 bbls. FLOUR.
100 bushels SALT.
Chewine and Smoking TOBACCO. .
Bales HICKORY STRIPES.
" FANCY PANT STUFF.
A. L. SOLOMON,
June 15 fl Commission Merchant^
FRESH AND KEW SUPPLIES.
DRY GOODS, IC.
ZEALY, SCOTT & BRUNS
BEG to announce to th? citizens of Co?
lumbia the receipt of a larev Ptoek of
GOODS fiom Charleston^ of all descrip?
tions, consisting in pun of :
No. 1 Mackerel,
'* Scaled Herring,
English Dairy cheese,
English Breakfast Tea,
Mustard, Ale, Soaps.
Black and Purple Calicoes.
Longcloths. Pants Stuff.
Ladies' Colored Glove.
Ladies' Black Lace Veils.
White Cot. Hose.
" Brown ,4 44
44 Straw Hats. .
Misses do. do.
Gent's Col'd Felt Hats.
?? " Shirt Collars.
Military White Berlin Glove*
Toilet Combs and Brushes.
June 15 Slates ?Iud Pencils.
TML J?. T ? HE sTf i
Wholesale and Retail,
AT TH K
Richardson Street, between Laurel and Rich?
land * June 14 S
COUNTRY PRODUCE of all kinds will
find READY SALE at the corner of
Assembly and Plain streets. Full prices
paid to those bringing in produce.
Citizens will find on hand, nt all times,
a FULL SUPPLY of COUNTRY PRO?
DUCE, at REASONABLE RATES.
June 14 6* At Levy's Corner.
BY HARDY SOLOMON.
Gent's MERINO UNDERSHIRTS.
Call soon, in basement of Lewis Levy's
residence, corner of Assembly and Plain
streets. June 14 2*
THE TERMS OF PARDON
Proclamation by the President of the
United States of America.
Whereas the President of the United
States, on the 8th day of December. A, D.
1863, and on the 26ih day of March, A. I+.
1864. with the object to suppress the ex?
isting rebellion, to induce all persons lo
return to their loyalty and to restore thc
authority of the United States, issue pro?
clamations offering nmneeiy and pardon to
certain persons who h?d, directly or by
implication, participated in the said rebel?
lion; sud whereas many persons, who ba
so engaged in Faid rebellion, have, since
the issuance of said proclamation, failed!
or neglected to luke the benefits offered
thereby; and whereas many persons, who
have been justly deprived of till claim to
amnesty and pardon thereunder bv reason
of their participation, directly or by im?
plication,-^ san! rebellion and continued
hostility to the Government of the United
States since the dote of said proclamation,
now desire to apply for and obtain annies
ly and pardon:
To the end, therefore, that the authority
of the Government of the United State?
may be restored, and the t pence, order and
freedom may be established, I, Andrew
Johnson, President of the United Stalee,
do proclaim and declare that I hereby
grant to all persons who have directly or
indirectly participated in the existing
rebeUion, exceptas hereinafter excepted,
amnesty and pardon, with restoration of
all rights of property, except as to slaves,
?nd except in cases where legal proceed?
ings, under the laws of the United Slates
brovidimc for the confiscation of property
of persons engng?d in rebellion, have been
instituted, but on the condition, neverthe?
less, that every arch person shall take and
subscribe the following oath or affirma?
tion, and thenceforward keep and main?
tain said oath inviolate, and which oath'
shall lie ,ri'irister<?i & ?" permanent preser?
vation, and thad bc of thc tenor and effect
following, to wit:
''I,-,-, do solemnly swear or
affirm, in presence of Almighty God, that
j I will henceforth failhfully support and
d??end the Constitution of the* United
Stales and the Union of the States there
j ??ider, and that I will in like manner
abide by and faithfully support all laws
I and proclamations whieh have been made
during thc existing'rebellion with refer?
ence to the emancipation of slaves. So
help me God.
m The following class of persons are ex?
empted from the benefits of this procla
1st. All who are, or slfill have been,
pretended civil or diplomatic officers, or
otherwise, domestic OT foreign agents of
the pretended Confederate Government. '
2d. Ali who left judicial stations under
the United States to aid in the rehellion.
:jd All who shall have been military or
naval officers of said pretended Confede?
rate Government nbovo the rank of colonel
in the army or lieutenant in the navy.
4th. All who left seats in the Congress
I of the United States to aid the rebellion.
? ?6th. All who resigned or tendered resig?
nations of their commissions in the anny
or navy of the United States to evade duty
in reaisting the rebellion.
6th. All who have Ci.gased in any way
in treating otherwise than ?awfully as pri
? soneifl ,)f war persons found in the United
I Stares service, as officers, soldiers, seamen
I or in other capacities.
7th. All persons wt\o have been or are
absentees fiotn the United States for- the
purpose of aiding the rebellion.
8th. All mflhury and ua.va'l officers iy
the rebel service who were educated by
', the Government in the Military Academy
1 ut West l'oint or the Uuited States Naval . .
1 9th. All persons who held the pretended
offices of "Governor of States in insurrec?
tion against the United States.
loth. All persons who left their home.? .
within thc jurisdiction and protection of
the United States, and passed beyond th*
Federal military lines into the so-called
Confederate States for the purpose of aid?
ing t he rebellion.
11th. Ali persona wit? have leen en?
gaged in the destruction of the commerce
of the United State* upon the high seas,
anA who have made raids into the United
StRes from Canada, or beei? engaiAd in
destroying the*-commerce of the United
States upon the lakes and rivers that sepa?
rate the British provinces Irvin the Uuited
12th. All personswlio. ntffie time when
they seek to obtain t he benefits hereof by
taking the oaih herein prescribed, are, in
military, naval or civil confinement or
custody, or under bonds of the civil, mili?
tary or naval authorities ot agents of the
United States, as prisoners of war or per?
sons detained for offences of any kind,
either before crafter conviction.
13th. AM persons who have voluntarily
participated in said rebellion, and the esti?
mated value tf whose taxable property is
over twenty thousand dollars.
14th. All persons who have taken the
oath of amnesty ns prescribed in the Pre?
sident's proclamation of December S, A.
D. 1805. or an oath of allegiance ?to thc
Government of the United States since tho
date of ?aid proclamation, aud who have '
not thenceforward kept and maintained
.the same inviolate.
Provided, that special application may
be made to the President for pardon by
any person belonging to the excepted
classes, nud suth clemency wjJKdbc libe?
rally extended as may be consistent with
the facts of the caso and the peace and
dignity of the United States. ^
Tho Secretary of State will establish,
rules and regulations for administering and
recording the said nmu^sty oath, so ns to
insure its benefit to the people and guard
the Government tigaioet fraud.
In testimony whereof, 1 have hereunto set
my hand and caused the seal of the
United States to be affixed.
Done nt the city of Washington, the 2t)th
day of May, in the year of our Lord
18ti?, and of the independence of thc
United States' the eighty-ninth.
Bj' the President:
WM. H. SEWAVI>, Secretary of State.
i iae 0 >