Newspaper Page Text
$1 a Month, in Advance. ''Let our just Censure attend the tmo Even*."-Shaksprare. Single Copies Five Cents
By J. A. SELBY. . COLtJMBIA, S. C., FRIDAY MORNING, MAY 19, 1865. VOL. l.-NO. 43.
THE COLUMBIA PHONIX,
r?BLlSHKI) DAILY, EXCEPT SUNDAY*,
BY" JULIAN A. SELBY.
Six months, - - - - $5
One month, .... l
One square, (ten lines,) tice time, 50 eta
Subsequent insertions. - 3? cts
Special notices ten cents per line.
Jn vigils lone she hears the chimes
Of voices fron? diviner climes,
And sees eutranced the statures grand, *
That throng her lofty fatherland.
Unwonted odors, strange and rare.
Float round her on the midnight air.
From-gardens where her youth was spent,
Beyond the dark blue firmament.
The fleshly walls are_white and thin,
"Which close ' " yearning spirit in
Celestial footfalls she can hear,
Inaudible to grosser car.
She mourns her lot like one exiled.
Her songs are filled with longings wild
For home, and that serener day
Which lights the angels far awnv.
.Bab-A Curious History.
The reader vwll find some interest,
in the following curious history' of an
"Some eight or t^n years jigo a
man appeared in the South of Persia,
?ti the neighborhood of Shiraz, and
put forth pretensions that the only way
of access to God foi' mankind was by
him; and accordingly he assumed the
?lame of Bnb, tl ie Arabic term for 'door'
Ho found some persons who soon ac?
knowledged h;s pretensions, and who
became his adh?rents. One of his
doctrines was, that alt men ought to
subject to him, and that consequently
t he power exercised by the Shah was
.-.i usurpation. This was noised abroad,
jit.d reached (he ear3 of the king. lie
-was summoned to the capital, where ho
-was kept a while, and then he waa rc
nioved to Makoo. a remote district, six
tlavs journey from this place, bordering
on Turkey. Here he was kept under
guard; bat such persons "as desired to
<-ee him were .admitted to Iiis presence,
and he was allowed to forward letters
to his friends, who had become some?
what numerous in various parts of j
Persia, lie was visited by several por- j
sons from Orodmiah, who became lits j
decided adherent*. Ho WHS in the |
habit of dictating to a writer, what
he called* Koran; and so rapidly did
the Arabic sentences flow from his
tongue, that many of those who wit?
nessed it, thought that he must be
inspired. It was also reported that he
performed miracles, and multitudes
readily gave credit to tho rumor, as it
was known that he was extremely i
abstemious in his diet, and that, he
spent most of his time in prayer. You
probably know that most Mussulmans j
believe that, a person may by absti |
neiicc and prayer attain so high a j
place in the favor of God as to be '
empowered to work miracles. Sub
6equently he was removed by order of
the Government to Cbaree, near Sal
mas, only two days journey from this
place. Here he was a'Tiost entirely
secluded from the world, but continued
to write letters -to his friends, who
handed them around as the produc- j
tions of au inspired person, though the 1
only evidence that I ever beard given
of it whs that they were unintelligible.
His. disciples became still more numer?
ous, and in some parts of the country
they engaged in angry controversy
with what was called the orthodox
party, which led to a conflict. In
Mazanderan some sixty persons, atid
among them two princes, were killed
inja engagement. The matter became so
serious, that the Government issued an
order that he should be taken to
Tabreez and bastinadoed, and that his
disciples wherever found should be
fined and punished. Oo his way to
Tabreez ho was brought to this place,
where he was treated with marked
attention by the Governor, and many.
persons were allowed to visit bim. On
"one occasion a number of persons
were in bis presence, and as tho Go?
vernor subsequently told nie, they were
all mysteriously moved aud burst into
tears. At Tabreez he was examined
I as to his doctrines by a high Mollah,
who pronounced Mm a hermie and a
madman, and he was publicly beuten.
Ke was removed to Cbaree, where he
was secluded from the world as before.
Still he had commmunication by letter
with maoy persons of influence in
various parts of the ' country; and
strange as it may appear, hts preten
tehsions wera extensively acknowledg?
ed. At Zengan, a large town on the
road from Tabreez to the capital, his
disciples became numerous and power?
ful, so that hist year they re.iisted some
of tlie measures of the Government,
which was thereby induced to take a
decided step for the suppression of the
sect. Bab himself was removed to
Tabreez and shot in the public square,
with one of his principal adherents,
and troops wero sent to Zengan to
bring to terms the Babites there. A
spirited resist;4nce was matre bv them.
They determined to dio rather than re?
nounce their faith, ur yield to tho
Government. Many of them made
their shrouds, anil throwing them over
their necks, ??sued forth with sword in
hand, benton victory ord".''h. Having
fortified themselves in a strong part of
the town, they heldiout- against the
troops seven months, and killed
several hundred of them, and sornn of
the chief officers. At last the head
of the sect in the place, an energetic
and shrewd Mollah, was mortally
wounded; and his discip'es many having
hewn already ki If od, could resist no
longer/ A hundred of them were
taken prisoners, and thrust through
v^ith the bayonet. None were left
who would venture to offer any resist?
ance, and thus the sect there and else?
where appears to be extinguished.
"I<send yon specimens of tin; papers
P?ab wrote during his confinement at
Charee. It is said that several horse
loads of such .papers were found af'or
his removal from that place. The
British Consul, resident at Tabreez,
having obtained ?a number of them,
gave to me those I now forward. They
have been shown to Mullah here, who
is a good Arabic scholar, but he is
unable to decipher them, or to extract
any meaning from them."
CELESTIAL NATURE.-A curious at?
tempt has been made by M. Amedee
Guillemin,. in hts book entitled Le
Ciel, to represent nature as it may be
sup tosed to appear in the moon and
planets from what we know of them.
A lunar landscape, according to the
ingenious author, bears a striking re?
semblance to our volcanic districts,
such as those of Vesuvius, Teneriffe,
etc., with the only difference that the
cones and craters are infinitely more
numerous and larder; the contrast
between light and shade ia also much
stronger, owing to thc fact that the
moon, being deprived of an atmos?
phere, is necessarily devoid of diffused
light. The stars are visible in full
i daylight,-although the lunar day is
! upward of three hundred hours long,
j The Saturnian landscapes are supposed
1 to be taken from the ring, the princi?
pal feature of that planet. They arc
characterized by large pyramids of
light proceeding frum that appendage.
The ring itself, which the author sup?
poses to be liquid, viewed from the
planet^ has the appearance of an ocean
at the foot of a large luminous mass.
Count Augustus Potocki, who is
one of the largest landed prSprietors
in Poland, has been so impoverished
by the heavy contributions imposed
by the Russian Government on his
estates, that he intends to sell all his
properly and srHtleiabroad. His mu?
nificent estate of Wilanow, near War?
saw, has already been sold to the
banker Dronenberg, of Warsaw, who
i? also I'D contract for the purchase of
tlie palace of the Potoekis, in the
Cracow suburb, one of the finest build
in-rs in the capital, nt which the Count
has frequently received both the late
and prcsetit Czar with Oriental splen?
Zealy, Scott and Bruns,
WILL sell THIS 1 ?AV, at 10 o'clock, op?
posite their W?reroom, on Assembly
Various pieces of Household Furniture,
a large assortm?nt of Crockery-ware,
Summer Clothing, Hoots, Hardware;
Kitchen Utensils, &e., ?tc. Also, 1 Two
Horse Wagon. Unlimited articles re?
ceived up to hour of sale.
Terms Cash. Jun.: 10 1?
New Auction & Commission House.
BY JACOB LEVIN".
THE undersigned being thrown out. of
employment by the recent destruction
of the city, informs his friends and the 1
citizens of Columbia, that ho has resumed
his former line of business previous to his
erection of Rook-keeper in the Exchange
Bank, and offers his services as an Auc?
tioneer and (Jon^ral Commission Mer?
chant, respectfully soliciting a share of
In conducting this business, he pledges
the same fiJelity and promptness observed
whilst formerly engaged in it.
Oilice at the Lower Ration House, op?
posite Dr. W. I'. Geiger, and may he
consulted at, boni" immediately opposite
the residence of Capt, Thomas R. Sharp,
on Gervais Street.
Consignments thankfully roeeh-ed.
June K. :> JACOB LEVIN.
MEALS will be furnished nt all hours
through the day, and SOUPS and
LUNCH from ll A. M. to :, P. M.
June r? 1- WAL J. THOMAS.
Fine Milk Cow.
TT-iOR SALK, a tine MILK COW. lu
J? quire at. R. TOZER'S MILL.
June li? I
Flour and Corn at Private Sale,
-f ~ BAGS New FLOUR:
X'f) 200 Bushels CORN in lots to suit
purchasers. Apply at the Lower Ration
H?m?e. JACOB LEVIN,
Jun? I? 2 Anet. ?Cum. Merchant.
GIORGI IL WAL?R,
Receiving and Forwarding Agent
and Commission Merchant,'
ORANGEBURG, s. C,
TT7TLL promptly forward al! COTTON
VT to Charleston or GOODS for the
interior of the State, whieh may be con?
signed to his care. Ile will also make pur?
chases of cotton at reasonable rates of
commission. Juno l-l wfi'.?
WILL receive a few PRIVATE PU?
PILS at his study. No. 14 Simons
li.ill, Theological Seminary. Instruction
will be given in Latin, Greek, French,
German, Mathematics and the Natural
Sciences. June 13 tnfii*
DRY GOODS, &0" &C,
I KENNETH & GIBSON,
j* At Robert Bryce's Old Stand,
ACHOICE ASSORTMENT of Goods,
consisting in part of :
1,200 lbs. choice BACON.
7 bbl*. FLOUR.
100 boxes No. I HERRINGS.
J? English Dairy CHEESE.
5 bbls. BUTTER CRACKERS.
5 boxes FAMILY SOAP.
5 " CORN STARCH.
6 doz. BROOMS.
500 yards pure MADDER PRINTS.
500 "." Checked English ALPACA.
100 ?' . . " CAMBRIC!
500 .* superior LONGCLOTH.
COLOGNE, JELLIES, BLACKING.
Windsor Soap. Hair and Tooth lirushes.
Dressing nnd Fine Tooth Combs.
Sweet Oil, Gent's Paper Collars.
Sugars, Locks, Smoking Pipes.
And various other articles too numerous
to mention. Juno Iii
Millinery and Dress-Making.
MAD. A. DcROSS would respectfully
inform the ladies that she will exe
! cute any work in her. ?inc promptly. Dreis
j Patterns Cut to ht, at 2a cents. Cold and
Shower Baths for Ladies-price 25 cents
I at her residence, Wes: end of Washington
' atreet. june 7 i-3
ONE BOX FINEST CHEWING TO?
BACCO, cheap for cash by
Juno 15 2 FISHER ,t HEINITSH.
IWILL attend daily, from 9 a. ru. to 12
m., at thc Council Room, (formerly Odd
Fellows' School-room.) for the purpose of
collecting CITY TAXI'S. lu view'of the
nrgervjt necessities of the City Couucil, it is
hoped that all tax-payers will b<: prompt.
. A. C. BASKIN,
June S City Clerk.
Bakery and Confectionary.
ISHODA1R and W*. STIEGLITZ
-/'. have re-opened their BAKERY,
CONFECTIONARY and CRACKER MA
NU FACTORY. Also, on hand^a line
assortment of CHEWING and SMOKING
TOBACCO, SCOTCH anrl MACCABOY
SNUFF, CIGARS. PIPES, ?fcc, at Messrs.
Cooper <fc Gaither's old staud.
June ? mtli6
Headq'rs Provisional Brigade,
COLUMBIA, S. C., JCNE 9, 1S65
To the Freedmen: ?
THU time has come for you all to do
your best to 6how that you are fit to be
free, mei; ip this great Republic. Observe
sacredly the marriage tie. Learn toread
and write. No one must leave his wife,
children or aged parentB while he can
assisi them- Thieves and idlers and peo?
ple strolling about the country will be
punished. Be prudent, and quiet, and or?
derly. If you have trouble.report.it to
the military authorities. This rear you
cm not ?lo much more than get a living
for yourselves and families: those will get
the best pay next year wini work the best
Let no one be either proud or ashamed
of the for.u or color that God has given
him. Bo proud of the chauce to do for
(yourselves and for each other. . *
(Signed,! A. S. HARTWELL,
June U) Brevet Brigadier-General.
Headers Provisional Brigade,
cm.I M KI A, s. c., JVXE :>, I86c.
G EX KRAL 0RJJER So. Li.
\\7 HEREAS certain persons have, an
M nouneed to those colored people
formerly their slaves aud .still remaining
on their tenements that they must quit,
with no provision made or attempted foi
said colored people to obtain shelter ot
work, it is hereby .ordered that no person
'shall turn off from his place or house those
colored people who have lived with him
and still desire to remain with him and do
what they can.
Any person or persons violating this
order, and turning out. from their houses
these people, to become paupers upon the
community, will bc forthwith arrester! arni
reported at these headquarters for trial
Cares of colored people residing on th?,
places of their former masters, and be
?laving improperly or refusing to work
with fair terms ottered, will be report?e
for action of the rnililaay authorities.
By order of A. S. HARTWELL.
Brevet Brig. Gen.
Official: GEO. F. MCKAY, Lieut, and A.
A. A. G. june 10 6
Headq'rs Provisional Brigade,
COLUMBIA, S. C., .TUSK !), I860.
GENERAL ORRER .Y0.-12.
rTVHE attention of this command is called
_L to existing orders against marauding
and foraging. Officers and mon are tar
ther ordered to avoid all unuecessa'ry di?.
I cuasion on'public matters with those who,
aftor these 3-enrs of blood andi suffering,
Still do not acquiesce in tho result of bat
tic and in the polie}' of the General Go
vernnienl. Courtesy to all is the part ol
a soldier. Information will be given when?
ever desired. Sympathy for those in sor?
row n:ul affliction is felt by no one quicker
than by the soldier; but no soldier can
forget what he has fought for, and what
his brothers have died to support-thc
Union, Constitution and laws and free
Government-now, ns the result of thc
war, accorded to all classes; nor can hi
forget the dignity of his Government and
his own dignity as its representative, in
dealing with those who now either secretly
or openly scoff at those sacred principles
Contracts between masters and servant
will set forth in words the freedom of tin
hitter, and will t>e witnessed by a Un i tee
States officer and by a civilian. It is foi
! the interest of the people that these rein
(ions be amicably adjusted without dela}'
Cases of difficulty will bo examined aiK
tried by military authorities,
j ^'o privileges or ad vantages whatsoevei
I will be granted those who do not dec?an
j their allegiance to the United States Go
I vernment, acting in good faith accordini
I tb that declaration.
Tiiis order will bc pablished to the cn
By order of A. S. HARTWELL,
Brevet Brig. Gen.
Official: GEO. F. MCKAV, 1st Lieut. as<
c A. A. 0 inn? 3
Headers United States Forces,
CITY OF COLUMBIANS. C.,
M?V 27. 1S66.
GENERAL ORDERS NO 4.
IN order u> prevent any disturbance which
may arise?froni th?, improper use of in?
toxicating liquors, it is hereby ordered
that, lor tlie pissent, nc intoxicating li?
quors will be sold or given iitvaj to any
citizen or soldier, unless permission ia
granted from tht-?C headquarters. Any
one foiiud guilty of disobeying this order,
will not only h ive his goods confiscated,
but will be subject to punishment by mili?
tary law. By command of
Lieu'. Cd. N, HAUGHTON,
Cnmmanding Fosf. *
W. J. Kv LE. Lieut. 25th O. Y. V. 1. ?Dd
Fost Adjutant may 29
Headq'rs United States Forces,
CITY OF COLUMBIA, S. C.
MAY 27, 1365.
GENERAL ORDERS NO. 3.
VLL citizens having ni their possession
any property that rightfully belongs
to'the United States Government, accord?
ing to the tenor, of surrender of Gen. Jos.
E. Johnston, C. A.. to Gen. W. T. Sher?
man, U.S. A., will immediately report the
same to these headquarters. '?
Persons hiving* mulets, horses and wa
gont>. will, fi r the present, bf permitted to
retain the ?rime for the purpose of carry?
ing on their work. Any person failing to
comply with this order within a reasona?
ble time, will not only be deprived of any
farther uso of tuid property, but will also
j subj?ct themselves to punishment bj milt
I tary authority. By command of
Lieu?.. Col. 25th 0. V. V.,
Corn'?jg Citv of Columbia, S. C.
W. J. KYLE, Lieut. 25tu O. V. V. I. aod
Post Adjutant. may ii9 .
Headq'rs United State3 Forces,
CITY OF COLUMBIA, S. C..
MAY 27. 1855.
GENERAL ORDERS NO. 2. "
INFORMATION huviug been received at
thes>> headquarters of the existence of
armed (winds o'f marauders infesting thu
( country and committing depredations on
j the property of peaceful citizsn?, it is
j liereby uiJcred that al' pf*soii6cornpo*ing
! r-uch will tie considered and treated as
I outlaws, ::nd it caught, will receive tho
severest punUhmeut ol military law.
Thc United States Government is desir?
ous of protecting all peaceful aa 1 law
abiding cu;.->, und they will confer a
favor "ti t hes? headquarters, and do justice
j to themselves, by giving any information
I they may have \n their possession respect
j mg the nanos ?iud movements of such
I bands, and, it possible, aiding in their
The time has arrived when it behooves
every citizen to -lo all in hi.-; power to
assist the military forces of the United
! Staten to i ?stot?. peace and harmony
j throughout the land. Bj- order of
Lieut. Coi. N. HAUGHTON",
25th O. V. V. I , Cou? .!:; V. 3. Forces,
Citv of Columbia,
W. J. Kr LI., 'id Lieut! iioth O. V. .V. I.
and Post-Adjutant may 29
Headquarters, Northern District,
DEPARTMENT OF THE SOUTH,
CHAKI.EOTON, S. C., April 25, 13?5.
Circular t> . Planters, etc.
"^T UMEItOUS applications have been
i.1 made to mu for information as to the
policy to tie adopted ou the subject of
All can understand the importance of
?rnal?iag a crop th* present season, and
foresee thy misery and sutfe* ing consequent
upon its failure.
In the present unsettled sta'te of the
country, and in tho absence ol any recog?
nized State authorities, I lind it my duty
to assume control of tho plantations near
the military lines, and order as follows:
1st Thc planter-', after taking the oath
of allegiance, will assemble the freedmen
(lately their slaves) aud inform them that
they are free, and that henceforth they
must depend upon their own exertions for
'id. Equitable contracts jn writ;9g will
be made by thc owners of thc land with
tlic freedmen for the cultivation of the
land during the prescrit, year.
Payment will lc made in kind, and the
allow irice of one half the crop is recom
mendi d as fair compensation for tho labor,
the landlord furnishing subsistence until
thc crop is gat i.ercd.
These conn-acts will h<% submitted to the
nearesfmilitary or naval conminador for
approval and endorsement.
When th? above requirements arc com?
plied with, protection will be granted as
far as military necessity will "allow; but
where no contract is made, thc crop raised
will bc considered forfeited for the use of
the laborers. Should the owner.? refuse to
cultivate it, they will Pe considered as- en?
deavoring to embarrass the Government,
and the land will be used for colonies of
the freedmen from ti:.- interior.
JOHN" P. HATCH.
Jjat- I Brig Ces Coir sanding.