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By J. A. SELBY. . COLtJMBIA, S. C., FRIDAY MORNING, MAY 19, 1865. VOL. l.-NO. 43.
THE COLUMBIA PHOENIX,
PUBLISHED DAILY. EXCEPT SUNDAY,
BY JULIAN A. SELBY.
TERMS-hV ASKANCE. j
Six months, $5
One month, - 1
One square, (ten lines.) one time, 50 cts
Subsequent insertions.^ - 35 cts
Special notice^ ten cents per line.
Wordsworth on Idiots,
Tho literary m<*n and readers of
.forty year? ago, will remember how
much tho laugh cf tho critics was
against "Wordsworth for making sn
Jdiot Boy ibo subject of a Poem,
"Wordsworth has lived through the
laugh, and the scorners are all now
.dumb. He is now acknowledged as,
perhaps,. the greatest contemplative
poet that ever 1^'ed. Wordsworth
took no heed of tl^e critics, but
steadily pursued the bent of his own
genius, and it is in highest proof
of hi? genius that he did so. Ho was
silent, and continued to grow in
strength. But he has left us a fine
1 letter on this seemingly ii. sane choice
of a subject for poetry, written with
the care, and the fidelity which mark aid
his letters, occupied with a vindication
.of this theme, which will show that
the poet, at lenst, Understood himself
well. The remarks mainly turn upon
a suggestion of his correspondent, a
friendly writer, that tho subject is not
a pleasurable one. Wordsworth thus
blears the ground of many choking
weeds o? criticism in a consideration
of this question: "Human Nature above
. '"You begm what you say upon the j
'.Idiot Boy,'' with this observation, ?
that r.othing is a fa subject for poetry ?
which does not please. But hera fol- i
lows a question, Does not please
?whom? Some have little knowledge j
.of natural imagery* of tony kind,-and, I
.of course, little relish for it; some are I
disgusted with the very mention of the
words pastoral poetry, sheep or shep?
herds; some cannot tolerate a poem
.with a ?host or any supernatural"
agency in it; others would shrink
.from an animated desciiptiun of thai
pleasures of love, as from a thing
.carnal and libidinous; some cannot
bear to see delicate and refined feelings
ascribed to men tn low conditions m j
society, because their vanity and self- ;
love, tell them that thv.se belong onlv !
to themselves, and men like themselves j
.in dress, station, and way of life;'
others are disgusted with tho naked j
language of some of the most interest- j
ing passions of men, because either it I
is indelicate, or gros*, or _ vulgar; as
many fine ladies could not bear certain
expressions in the "Mother" acd.thel
"Thom," and, as in the instance of
Adam Smith, who, we are t<>ld, could j
not endure the ballad of "Clym of the
Clough," because tho author had not
?written like a gentleman. Then there
are provisional and iiational preju?
dices for evermore. Some take no
interest in the description of a particu?
lar passion or quality, as love of soli- j
tartness, we will say; genial activity of
faDcy, love of nature, religion, and so
forth; beqause they have little or
nothing of it in themselves; and so on
without end. I return then to the
question, please whom? or what? I |
answer, human nature as it has been |
and ever will be. B-ut, where are we
to find ihe best measure of this? I j
answer, from within; by stripping our
own hearts nak?d, and by looking out l
of ourselves towards men who lead the
simplest lives, and most according to
nature; raen who have never known
false refinements, wayward and arti?
ficial dosires, falso criticism, effeminate
habits of tbioking nod feeling, or who '
having known theso thing*, have out^ j
grown them. This latter class is the
most to he depended upon, but it is j
very small in number. People iti our j
rank in life are perpetually falling into
one sad mistake, namely, that of sup?
posing that human nature and the per?
sons they associate with, aro one and
the same thing. Whom dc? \ve gene-1
rally associate with? Gentlemen, per?
sons of fortuue, professional men,
ladies, persona who can afford to buy,
i or can easily procure books of halt a- j
! guinea price, hot-pressed, and printed
j upon superfine paper. These persons
are, it is true, a part of human natur?, I
but we err lamentably if we suppose
them tb bo fair representatives ot tho
vast mass of human existence. And
yet few ever consider books but with
reference to their power of pleasing
these persons and raen of a higher
rank; few descend lower, among cot?
tages and fields, and among children.' "
He then rises to a contemplation of
the poet's calling-"to rectify men's
feelings, to give them* new composi?
tions of feeling, tb render their feelings
more sure, pure and permanent; in
short, more consonant to nature, th? t
is, to external uaturo and ?ile great
moving spirit of things." Ile furthei
?justifies his selection of tho Idiot by
the humanity of,the lower classes
a manifestation, in a most striking
form-personal care-of. unsophisti?
cated feeling* !
"To this 1 cati only say that the
loath i tig and disgust which many
people have ut the sight of an idiot, is
a feeling which, though having sctm;
foundation in human nature, is not ne?
cessarily attached to it in any virtuous
degree, but is owing in a great mea?
sure to a false delicacy, and, if I may
say it without rudeness, a certain want
of comprehensiveness of thinking and
feeling. Persons in the lower classes
of society have little or nothing of
this; if an idiot is born in a poor
man's house, it must bo taken care of,
and cannot be boarded out. as it would
be by gentlefolks, or sent to a public
e?r private receptacle fur suoii unfortu?
nate beings. Poor people seeing ire- |
quently among their neiglibj^rs such
objects, easily forget whatever there i.s 1
of natural disgust, about them, and !
have therefore s. san&state, so that
without pain or suffering they perform
their duties towards them.
'"I have often appl' 1 to idiots, in
my ow^ mind, that SUM me exp'res.sion I
of Scripture that "their life is hidden j
with God." They aie worshipped, '
probably from a feeling of th?3 sort, in i
several parts of the East. Among tho |
Alps, where they are numerous, they
are considered, 1 believe, as a blessing :
to tho family to which ti.ey belong.
I have, indeed, often .looked upon the
conduct of fathers and mothers of the
lower classes of society towards idiots I
as . the great triumph of the human i
heart. It is there that we sec i he
strength, disinterestedness, and gran?
deur of love; nor have I ever been
able to contemplate an object that
calls out so many excellent and virtu?
ous sentiments without finding it hal?
lowed thereby, and having something
in me which bears down before it, like
a deluge, every feeble sensation of dis?
gust and aversiou.' "
. 'Mr. Smith,1 said the counsel, 'you
say you once officiated in a pulpit-do
you mean that you preached:!' 'No,
sir; I held a candle for a man who
did." 'Ah, the court understands you
differently. They supposed that the
discourse came from you.' No, sir, I
only throwed a light on it.'
A recent official report shows that
21,000 colored men have been enlisted
in the army in Kentucky; 1,000 were
drafted, 2,000 ran away and enlisted
in Indiana, Tennessee and Ohio.
Eleven new regiments aro U:ing or?
ganized, which, when completed, will
make the quota of 30,000 colored men
for Kentucky. Over one hundred ne?
groes a day ara enlisting. ? *
OUR. CITY.-A correspcwlent ot' the
N"ew Yorlc Herald^ writing from this
Augusta has been latterly the great
depot for the blockade running busi?
ness, the coast cities being deemed un?
safe. Here were accumulated Vas!
quantities of exporta ami imports, cot?
ton, tobacco and other stapled to 'go
out, and clothing and other goods
which had arrived. Nearly ail the
stores appear to be well stocked, and
I prices, now a safe currency is avail
I able low. Rebel money, of course, is
worthless, the most stupid niggers
won't take it as a gi t. Slate bauk
mouey of Georgia and South Caro?
lina is received ar. a discount. Green
] bneks at par, and if you offer a dollar
one for a ten cent article you are
j liable to receive nin?iy cents back in
silver, which, is plentkr here than I
I have seen it for three years and a half,
j The markets are well supplied, except
; in some unprocurable; articles. At the
I Planters' Hotel we get plenty of meats
I and vegetables, milk, berries, tolerable
j lodging and fair attendance, lor 83
! per dav; but we mu;t dispense with |
I butter and condiments, wash without
I s jap, and pitt up with poor bread and
worse coffee. The captures here em?
brace va^r, amounts of powder and the j
rebel mills intact.
* PUR of GOLD SPECTACEES.
j\. They were dropped at the hack door
of tile Ration House, on the corner of .Mr.
C. A. Bedell's Lot? A reward will he
paid to tile tinder, if required, with the
thanks of the owner, wtio cannot well
lilford to hue them. Inquire of JOHN
M-eKENZIE, or leave them at.this office.
June \ 6 .
.s:eoi><! door abov Shiver Kon*t, Plain St.-,
General Commission Merchant
and Dealer in Foreign and.
and Country Produce.
CONSIGNMENTS from manufacturers
/' and planters will receive 1113- usual
Just received and now ill store:
2.000 H.s. clear LACON SIDES.
SOO HAMS and SHOULDERS.
10 hhls. FLOUR.
100 bushels SALT.''
elie wing and Smoking TOBACCO.
ENGLISH A X ES.
Bales HICKORY STRIPES..
.? FA NVJY PA NT ST U FF.
" Colored DOMESTIC.
A. L SOLOMON',
.Tune 15 f, Commission Merchant.
( - OU NT RY PRODUCE of all kinds will
rind READY SALE at the corner ol
Assembly and ?Plain stro-ts. Full prices
paid to those bringing in produce.
Citizens will find on bund, at all Times,
a FULL SUPPLY of COUNTRY PRO?
DUCE, at REASONABLE RATES.
June l-l 0* At Lewis Levy's Corner.
DRY GOODS, &I3, Aft
KENNETH & GIBSON,
At Robert Bryce s Old Sfctnd,
ACHOICE ASSORTMENT of Goods,
consisting in part of :
1.200 lbs. choice BACON.
7 bids. FLOU R.
100 boxes No. 1 HERRINGS.
S English Dairy CHEESE.
5 bbls. BUTTER CRACKERS.
.'. boxes FAMILY SOAP.
,r. " CORNSTARCH.
6 doz. BROOMS.
500 yards pure MADDER PRINTS.
600 " " Checked English ALPACA.
100 " " CAMBRIC.
500 " superior LONGCLOTH.
COLOGNE, JELLIES. BLACKING.
Windsor Soap. Hair and Tooth Brushes.
Drowsing arni Fine Tooth Combs.
Sweet Chi, Cent's Paper Collars.
Sugars, Locks, Snick i ;.g Pipes.
ADO variouo other articleatoo numcrou
to mention. Jane Vi
A gentleman at a whist party, when
he proposed going borne, was urged to
stay a little longer. 'Well,' hf? replied,
'perhaps I may aa well; ray wife pro?
bably is already as mad as she can be.'
. Dwelling House for Sale.
MONE of the largest and best ap?
pointed DWELLING HOUSES in tiri*
ci tv, with extensive and complete Stables
and Servants' House, <fce., for sale. Apply
any day, between 1 and 8 o'clock, at the
South-east corner of Marion anet Lady
streets, opposite the Presbyterian Chinch.
June 15 6*
IWILL attend daily, from 9 a. m. to 12
m..at the Council Koon), (formerly Odd
Fellows' School-room,) for the purpose of
collecting CITY TAXES. In view of the
urgent necessities of the City Council, it is
hoped that all tax-payers will be prompt.
A. G. BASKIN. . \
June 8 City Clerk.
Headq'rs Provisional Brigade,
COLUMBIA, S. C., J?NC V, 1S05
To the Freedmen:
TH bl time has come for you all to do
your best to 6how that you are tit to be
free men in this great Republic. Observe
sacredly the marriage tie. Learn to read
and write. No one must leave his wife,
children or aged parents while he can
assist them- Thieves and idlers and peo?
ple strolling about the country will be
punished. Ile pru-^snt, and quiet, and or-'
doi ly. If yuti har? trouble, report it to
the military authorities. This veir von
cannot do much more than get a living
for yourselves and families; those will cet i
the best pay next year who work the best
Let no one be either proud or ashamed
of tlie form or color that God has given
him. Be proud of the chance to do for
yourselves and for each other.
(Signed,)* A. S. HARTWELL,
June IO Brevet Brigadier-General.
Headq'rs Provisional Brigade,
. COLU-MBfA, S. C . .lf\r 3. 1S65.
GEN?11 AL ORB El: SO. 13.
1 Vj HEItEAS certain persons have an-;
' T nonneed to those colored people
formerly their slaves hud still remaining!
on ?heir tenements that they mast quit,
with no prevision made or attempted for !
?aid colored people to obtain ?heiter or !
work, it ia hereby ordered that no person !
-hall turn ol? from his place or house thoae j
'''.red people who have lived with him
nod ?t ill desire to remain with him und do !
what they can.
Any person or person* violating this
order, and turning out from their houses
these people, t<- become paupers upon the
community, will be forthwith arrested and
reported at these headquarters for trial.
Cases of colored peeple residiug on the
places of their former masters, and be?
having improperly or refii?ing to work
with fair terms offered, will be reported
for action of the militiuy authorities.
By order of A. S. HARTWELL,
Brevet Brig. Gen.
Official: Geo. F. MCKAY, Lieut, and A.
A. A. G. june 10 6
Headq'rs Provisional Brigade,
COLUMBIA, S. C., .TCXE 9, 1865.
GENERAL ORDER NO. 12.
npHE attention of this command is called j
.A. to existing orders against marauding
and foraging. Officers and men are far
thor ordered to avoid all unnecessary dis?
cussion on public matters with those who,
after these years of Mood and sofFering,
still do not acquiesce in the result of bat?
tle and in the policy of the General Go?
vernment. . Courtesy to alt is the part of
a soldier. Information will be given when?
ever desired. Sympathy for those in sor?
row and. affliction is felt by no one ([nicker
than by the soldier; bnt no soldier can
forget ?fh?t he has fought for, ?rud what
his brothers have died to support-the !
Union, Constitution and laws and free I
Government-nowt ns the .e.-ult of thc j
war, accorded to all classes; nor can he |
forget tiie dignity of his Government and j
his own dignity as its representative, iii
dealing IA tt.ii those who now either secretly
or openly scoff al those sacred principles. I
Contracts between masters and servants |
will set. forth in words (he freedom of the I
latter, and will be witnessed by a United |
States officer andaby a civilian. It is for
lin- interest of the people that these rela?
tions tie amicably adjusted without delay.
Cases ?d' difficulty will bo examined and
tried by military authorities.
No privileges or ad vantages whatsoever
will be granted those who do not declare
their allegiance to the United States Co?
ven, meat, acting in good faith according
to that declara:ion.
"Tdii:? order will be published to the en?
By order of. A. S TT ART WELL,
Brevet Brig. Gen.
Officiai: GEO. F. MCKAY, let Lieut, and
A. A. A. G. tune 9
Headq'rs United States Forces,
CITY OF COLUMBIA. S. C.,
MAT 27, 1865.
GENERAL ORDERS NO i.
IN order to prevent ar.y disturbance whieh
?nay arise from lin: improper ?se of.in?
toxicating liquors, it is hereby ordered
that, tor th? present, no intoxicating li?
quors will be sold or given away to any
citizen or soldier, unless purmission is
granted from theso headquarters. Any
one found guilty of disobeying this order,
will not only have his goods conGscated,
but will be subject to punishment by mili?
tary law. Bv command of
Lieut. (Sol N. HAUGHTON,
W. J. KYLE, Lieut. 25th O. V. V. 1. and
Post Adjutant. mny 5J9
Headq'rs TJuitefl States Forces,
CITY OF COLUMBIA, S. C.,
MAT 27. 1865.
GENERAL ORDERS NO. 8.
A LL citizens having in their possession
_?JL any property that rightfully belong*
to the United States Government, accord?
ing to the terms of surrender of Gen.. Jos.
E.\Johtfct.on, C. S. A.. lo Ceu. W. Ti Sher?
man, U.S. A., will immediately report the
same to these headquarter.
Pet-sous having mules, horses and wa?
gons, will, for the present, be permitted to
retain the same for the purpose of carry?
ing on their wort. Any person failing to
comply with this order within a reasona?
ble time, will not only te deprived of any
farther usa of said property, but will also
subject themselves to punishment by mili
tary authority. Bv Command of
Lieut. Col. 25th t.). Y. Y.,
Coni'dg City of Columbia, S C
W. J. KYLB. Lieut. 25t.b O. Y. Y. I. knd
Post Adjutant. may 29
Headq'rs United State3 Forces.
CITY OF COLUMBIA. S. C..
' MAY 27. 1805.
GENERAL ORDERS NO. ,2.
INFORMATION having been received at
these headquarters of the existence of
-rmed bauds of marauders intesting the.
country and Committing depielations on
the property .of peaceful citizens, it is
hereby ordered that all pers-jn j composing
such will tie oonsidcrcd und treated as
outlaws, and if', caught, v iii receive th.tr
severest punishment of military law.
The United Stares Government is '!?sir
ons of protecting J.ll pc*c?Viil ..-.J law
abiding citizens, and' they wi!! confer a
favor on these headquarters, and do justice
to themselves, by giving any information
they rimy have in their po^?.sijiori respect?
ing the names and movements of suet?
bands, and, if possible, aiding in thejr
Tlie time haj arrived when it behooves
every citizen to do all in his powe.r to
assisi the military force-, of the United
States to restore peace and harmony
throughout the land. Bv ord%r of
j Lieut. Col. N. HAUGHTON.
25th O. Y. V. I , Com'dg LL S. Forces,
Citv of Columbia.
"W. J. KYLE, 2d Lieut: 25th.O. Y. V- I.
and Post Adjutant. may 29
Headquarters, Korthern District,
DEPARTMENT, OF THE SOUTH,
CHARLESTON, S. C., April 25; 1S65.
Circular to Planters, etc.
NUMEROUS applications huve been
made to me for information as to the
policy to be adopted on the subject of
All can understand .Che importance of
?unking a crop the proseiit season, and
Foresee the misery and suffering consequent
upon its tailure. ' *
lu the present unsettled state of the
country, and in the absenco of any recog?
nized State authorities. I find it-my duty
Lo assume control of the plantations near
llie military lines, and order as follows:
1st. The planters, after taking the oath
jf allegiance, will assemble tho freedmen
lately their slaves)"nnd inform them that
they are free, and that henceforth thej'
nust depend upon their own exertions for
2d. Equitable contracts in writing will
3c made by the owners of thc land with
.lie freedmen for the cultivation of the
and during thc present year.
Payment will be mude in kind, and tha
illowance of one half thc crop is recotn
neuded us fair compensation for tho labor,
he landlord furnishing subsistence until
die crop is gathered.
Thea; contracts will be submitted to tho
icare-st military <.>r naval commander for
ipproval and endorsement.
When the above requirements aro com?
plied with, protection will be granted as
far as military necessity will allow; but.
where no contract is made, the crop raised
will be considered forfeited for thc usc of
the laborers. Sh,.,lid the owners refuse to
iiultivate it, they will be considered as en?
deavoring to embarrase tho Government,
and the land will be used for colonies of
the freedmen from the interior.
JOHN P. HATCf\
June 1 Bng. Gea- Co:-naur.d nj