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$1 a Month, in Advance. ''Let our just Censure attend the tmo Even*."-Shaksprare. Single Copies Five Cents
By J. A. SELBY. . COLtJMBIA, S. C., FRIDAY MORNING, MAY 19, 1865. VOL. l.-NO. 43.
THE COLUMBIA PHGSNIX,
PUBLISHED BAILY, EXCEPT StCXDAT,
B-Y JUIJIAN A. SELBY.
TERMS-IN AD KA NC E.
Rix months, .... $5
Ono mon tb, .... 1
One square, (ten lines,)?ce time, ."iOcts
Subsequent insertions, - S5 cts
Special notices ten veuts per line.
? New Poet Laureate.
Thackeray's Magazine, in London, paid
Tennyson, the poet laureate of England,
$l,iOO for a poem, and the following two
sian.tas are juet one-half of it, or $800
What does little birdie say.
In her nest at peep of day?
Let me fly; says little hiidie
.Mother, let me-fly away.
Birdie, rest a little longer,
Till th}- tiny wings are Stronger;
So she rests a little longer,. S
Then she Hies away.
What-does little baby say?
In her bed at peep of daj?
Baby says, like little birdie,
Let mo rise and haste away.
Baby, sleep a little longer,
tiiitil her iegs grow*liuie stronger; .
And after waiting, like ihe birdie, '
Baby, too, shall fly away.
Isn't thrft grand? Isn't it the quintes- j
ceiice of poetry! Here's sixteen lines of I
our own*says an exchange, sam?; style,
same measure, and embodying about as j
much sentiment, for which we will tfil
-?ingty take a quarter:
What ?1< es little froggie say.
In uiie pond at peep of day?
Let. me swim, says litlle^froggie
Bull frog let mo swim away.
Froggie" wait, a lillie Mrnjer,
Till your little h-gs are stronger;
So he mounts upon a ?lrtink-,
And*theu into.tba pond ker-c-h-U-n k.
What does little piggie say.
In his sty at peep of day!
Piggie c.ijs, like little froggie,
Let rue go and root to day.
?Piggie, wait a little Iwnger,
Tili your snout grows hard and strong
If you suck a little longer, "er;
i'igute t^cn may root away.
OFF?CE GKX'L SUVT FREEDMEN,
Augusta, Ga., June 12, 186/3.
The following rules.arc prescribed
ior the hiring and gcvernment cf co
lored laborers of Augusta and vicinity,
nud for the treatment of*freedrnen:
Laborers tv-ill be allowed and en?
couraged to make voluntary contracta,
either with their former masters, or
any other person wishing to employ
them. These contracts, when.submit-4
ted to the General Superintendent of
'Freedmen, will be examined by him,
and if found to bo fair and equitable,
will be by him approved. But, owing
to thc extent of country over which
'ii?? jurisdiction now extends, and the?
.threat importance to the people ( of
pinking a good crop the present
season, it will not, at present, be con
side: ed necessary, by tho Geiwal
Superintendent, that contracts, to bc
binding, shall bo submitted to him;
but if equitable, and based upon the
schedule Of price-? hereafter mentioned,
will bo corftidt red binding. If the
.freedmen desire to remain on the plan?
tation of the former master, and he
also desires that they should remain,
and the workers consent to support tho
non-workers, the employer shall give
to all, wholesome -food, comfortable
clothing, quarters, fuel and medical
attendance, and divide among the
workers, pro rata what may be due
them, if any thing, after deducting tho
expenses of supporting the freedmen
on the. plantation. The Government
is not, a* present, prepared to support
the infiim or helpless; therefore, until
further orders no person will be al?
lowed to turn away the inOjin or help
ie?s, to become a burden upon the
public; they must be clothed, led, and
prrj?erly cared for when sick, deduct
? mg tho actual expenso ?rom the wages
of the able bodied hands. Should it
be proven, that any have been so
turned away, an assessment will be
made upon the p?fsons, on tybose
premises they were living, when this
order was issued, fur their support,
and he will be held g*?Jty of a, mis?
In caaes, wheo it ia absolute neces?
sary to make,, exceptions to thia rule,
! perruissiou iii?'t first be obtained from
thia office. The following rates are
fixed as the compensation to be given
Male hands, $7 per monti].
Half hands, 3 50 " " .
Female hards, G " "
Half hands, 3
fiO-trSK SERTA NTS.
Male servants, 1st class $10 per trio.
Male servante, 2d class 8 " "
Male servants, 3d class 0 "
Female servants, 1st class 8 " "
Female servants, 2d class G " "
Female servants, 3d class 5 " "
These classes will bo determined by
merit, and on agreement between the
employer and employee. Meehan rca
and persons having traeres, will be al?
lowed and encouraged to make their
The money ?wages fut field hands
will be paid* on the 1st day of Octo?
ber, and 24th day of December; for
house servants, at the end o? e.,. ;;
month; fdf meei)miks, persons follow?
ing trades, and laborers who work by
the day, as often as ii agreed upon
between the parties. All contracts
for fiehl han 3s, wiil be fol the balance
of the year. For field hands, bouse
servants, and all laborers, excepting
mechanics and persons following trades,
there must .be secured to the laborer,
in addition to tl io pa}', just treatmeut.
-wholesome fooil, quarters, fue!, and
medical attendance: The freedmen
are reminded, that their freedom im?
poses upon them burdens and dutivs.
They must labor and suppoit them?
selves, their wives and children; and,
if they desire to become the oieuers vf
lauds, they must buy them, us other
freedmen aro required to do. They
must fulfil all equitable Coti'racts; ami
if any contract is broken bv them,
without just cause,'they will lose all
that may be due them. Thev are free
in all parts of the State of Georgia
and South .Carolina, and their rights
as freemen will be protected, by the
whole military force of the United
States Government,if necessary. Ever?
act of injustice or cruelty done them
will sooner or later be investigated
and the wrong-doer severely punished
Idleness and vagrancy will not bc
tolerated; and tho Government wil
support none, able and yet uu?villin?
Wages, for time lost on account o
sickness, unless protraced, will not b<
deducted from the field hands or hous<
servants; nor for any time lost fron
any faults of the employer, or cn ac
count of inclement weather. Bu
both wages and rations will be deduct
ed, when the sickness is feigned for rbi
purpose of idleness or refusal to work
when able to do so, the amender nm;
be discharged by the employer. When
ever any freedman 's discharged b;
the employer or his agent, and thin!
himself wronged, or whenever the;
are maltreated, or deprived of an;
right due freedmen, they should repot
the case at this office, and the com
plaint will be promptly attended to.
lint, if the freedman, so discharge
refuse to leave, or prowk about th
premises to the injur*y oftiny persut
or, in case any freed mun commits a
offence for which he should be pun
ished, or is conjpj^red a dfdngerott
perron, he may berarresU:d by coinpt
tent authority, and brought to tri;
before the Provost Marshal. "Whet
ever a military force cannot be o':
taincd a request may be made at th
office, where it will receive prom]
House servants are informed th
they will bo expected to remain on
half of each Sabbath with their ei
ployees; and field Jiands, that they a
j expected to work<-ach d^y in the wei
except tire Sabbath.
Complaints have, been Tilade at this
office, that certain parlies refuse li?
allow wives to leave their premises
with their husbands,or parents to take*
ehatgo of their cliildreu. Such per?
sons are notified that freedmen in this
regard, have tho same rights tnat
whit? citir.ens have, and if they inter
fere with these rights, they are guilty
of a grave offenqp, which will subject
them to severe punishment.
These regulations subject to the ap
p'ovul of Brevt Maj. Gen. R. Saxton,
Commissioner of Freedmen for South
Carolina and Geortria.
* IL BRYANT,
A REBEL THEOLOGICAL SEMINARY
IN A BAD WAY.-Tho Presbyterian
Theological Seminary at Columbia, S.
<J., of which tho late Dr. Thorn well
wa? the shining light, and of which
Dr. Rahr.rr, hardly loss able and
equally rebellious, has recently been
chief professor, is in a bid way finan?
cially. Tue treasurer's report shows
that the invested finnis of the Semi
nary ?mounts, in rou tal numbers, t<>
two hundred and sfccly-two thousand
dollars. Noa riv one irundred and
eighty thousand dol|ar.->are investeil in
thc bunds uf Confederate States, about
sixty-two thousand in the banks of
South Carolina and Georgia, leu .thou?
sand in tho Columbia Bridge, recently
bumed, if we mistake, not, and the
balance in various Southern lailroad
bou ^s and stock, and Slate and city
boiK's. T..e o : ? i y investment in se?
curities outside ol' tho .Seceded States
is about thirty-three hundred dollars
in a Baltimore "batik.
IMPORTANT TO MMCUKKS.-Tho fol?
lowing tiiil uf far? v\;i-> set befi rc thc
French Emperor tn Algiers. We re?
produce it ?ti nil ils African originality:
Turtle'soup of i^udonacu. Removes:
Poi cu pino gariii.-iu'ij with ante'.'pcs
quarters ol gazelle, of <he ?Ouargia;
fillet of voting wild boars of the ( >:icd
Hallout. Entries: Saitois o? Carthage
fo*vls; antelope cutlets; pates of Chou?
bustards. RCasts: Ostrich of t >^iat
Nadj .; wild boar hams', ?ntreuient.-:
Sciquiunis of ITmnniah; boiled ostrich
eggs; jellv of pomegranates a Ia Sta
oueii. Arah pastry; Onidex, ma
ero ml es, scerakboraclis, oribias.
There is no peacemaker line a gooi*
A PUR of GOLD SPECTACLES
Xl. They were dropped at the back dooi
of the Ration House, on the horner of Mr
C. A. Bedell's Lot. A reward will 1?,
paiil to thc linder, if required, with th<
thanks of the owner, who cannot wei
alford to lose them. Inquire of ?10lI>
MelvENZl E, c r leave them at this ollice.
Dwelling House for Sale.
MONE of the largest, and best ap
.pointed DW ELLIMO HOUSES in t Iii
city, with extensive and complete Stable
atol ScrvantsMIouse, ?c.,. for salo. Ai'P-1
any/day, between ) any* o'clock, at. th
South-east corner of Marum amt ""Lad
streets, opposite the Presbyterian Church
June 1 ? l?*
Second door above Shiver House, Plain Si,
General Commission Merchant
and Dealer in Fjreign and ,
and Country Produce.
C10XSIGNMKNTS from manufacturen
; and planters will receive my usu:
? Inst, received and now in store:
- OOO lbs. clear BAO >N SIDES.
i>0o HAMS and SHOU LD BUS.
lu bl.ls. PLO UR.
100 bush.-l; HALT,'
Chewing and Smoking TOBACCO.
BAGGING TWIN ri
ENGLISH A XIS.
Bal.-.-. HICKORY STRIPES.
.' NCV PA NT STUFF.
.' Colored DOMESTIC. i.
A. L. SOLOMON.
June 15 6. Cotnmiis&ion Merchant.
CCOUNTRY PRODUCE of all kinds will
t find READY SALE nt the corner of
Assembly and Plain streets. Full lyices
paid to those bringing in produc.?*.
Citiz^us will find on hand, ut all '..im??s,
a' FULL SUPPLY of COUNTRY PRO?
DUCE, at REASONABLE RATES.
June 14 <*>* At Lewis Levy's Corner.
[WILI/attend tinily, from 9 a. ni. to 12
m..at the Council Room, (formerly Odd
Fellows' School-room.) for the purpose of
collecting CITY TAXES. In view of the
urgent necessities of the City Council, it is
hoped that all taxpayers will be prompt.
A. G. BASKIN.
June S . - Cit y Clerk.
DRY GOODS, &C, &C.
.KENNETH & GIBSON,
At Robert Bryce's Old Stand,
A CHOICE ASSORTMENT ol Goods,
li. consisting in part of:
1.200 lbs. choice BACON.
7 bids. FLOUR.
100 boxes No. 1 HERRINGS
Si Emdish Dairy CHEESE,
ii bliis. BUTTER CRACKERS.
5 boxes FAMILY SC? A P.
?, ? CORN STARCH. ' .
6 doz. BROOMS.
50?,vania pure MADDER PRINTS.
&0? " .' Checked Engl;.ii ALPACA.
100 ?. " CAMBRIC.
5?0 " superior LONGCLOTII.
COLOGNE, J ELLI Er*. BLACKING.
Windsor Soap, Hair anil Tooth Brushes,
j Dressing and 1'ine Tooth Combs. *
Sw. et Jil, Gent'a Paper Collars.
Sugars, Locks, Smoking Pipes.
A nd various other articles too numerous
to mention. .1 une 1 '?
Headers" Provisional Brigade,
COLUMBIA, S. C., JUNK 9, 1S65.
' To thc Freedmen:
j THE time hus come for you all to di
j your best, to show that yon are lit. to b<
j free mei; in this great. Republic. Ob.---rvi
' sacredly the marriage tie. Learn to reac
1 and write. No one must leave hrs wife
children or aired parents while ho cai
i ? *
; u.-s;st thein- Thieves and idlers mid peo
j pie strolling about thc country will bi
j punished. Ju- prudent, and <jui .t. and or
i derly. If you have trouble, report it ti
? the military authorities. This y.rar yoi
cu ii uo t flo much more than get a livim
for yourselves und families; those will ge
. the best pay next year who work thc bes
Let no ono be either proud or ashame?
of thc form or eolor that God has givei
' him. Be jSroud of thc chance t^ do fo
j yourselves and for each other,
j (Signed.) A. S. HARTWELL, '
June 10 Brevet Brigadier-General.
i . Heidq'rs Provisional Brigade,
COLUMBIA, S. C., JUXE 0. ?8ti.?.
' GENKRAL ORDER NO. 12.
fPHK attention of this command is calle
I .1- to existing orders against ni a ra ad in
and foraging. Officers and men are fai
j ther ordered to avoid all unnecessary dh
\ cussion on public matters with those win
! aftftr these years of blood and surTerim
still do not acquiesce in the result of ba
tie and in the policy of thc General Gi
vernment. Courtesy to all is the part (
i a soldier. Information will be given whei
I ever desired. Sympathy for those in M>
I row and aniiction is felt by uo oneouicki
I than by the soldier; but r.o soldier eil
! forget ?vhnt he has fought for, and win
j Iiis brothers have died to support-tl
I Union, Constitution and laws and fri
Government-now, as the result of ll
i war, accorded to all classes; nor can !
I forget the dignity of his Government ni
: ills own dignity as its representative,
; dr.aling with those who now either secret
j or openly scoff at those sacred principh
I Contrants between masters and serv an
! wdl set forth in word* lh?e freedom of fi
1 latter, and will be witnessed by a Unit.
! States officer and hy a civilian. It is f
! tho interest of the people that th?-se rel
! Lions be amicably adjusted without dela
j Cases of difficulty will be examined ai
j tried by military authorities,
j No privileges or advantageswhatsoev
j will be granted those who do'not deda
? their allegiance to the Unit.id States ti
: vernment, acting in good faith accordi
I to that declaration.
! Ti??> order Will bc published to the c
! tire command.
? By order of A. S. HARTWELL,
Brevet Brig. (ion.
I Official: Oto. F. MCKAY, lat LiVtt. a
A. A. A. (?. } nie '
Eeadq'rs United States Forces,
CITY OF COLUMBIA, S. CL,
MAY 27. 1S65.
GENERAL OR DEUS NO 4.
IN order to prevent any disturbance winch
may arise from tho improper use of' io
toxicating. liquors, it is hereby ordered
that, for + Lo present, ?.o intoxicating li
q ii ora will be sold or given away to any
citizen or soldier, unless' permission is
granted from these headquarters. Any
one found guilty of disobeying this order,
will not. only have his goods confiscated,
but will Le subject to punishment by mili?
tar y law. By command o?
Lieut. Col. 3N\ HAUGHTON,
Wi J. KYLE. Lieut, 25th O. V. V. I. and
Post Adjutant. lu.iy 2t)
Headq'rs TJuited States Forces,
, . CITY OF COLUMBIA, S. C., ii
MAY 27-, 1SC5.
GENERAL ORDERS NO. S.
4 LL citizens having in their possession
1\. any property tTiat rightfully belongs
to the United States Government, accord?
ing to thc terms of surrender of Gen. Jos.
E. Johnston. C. S. A.. lo Gea. VV. T. Sher?
man, U.S. A., will immediately-report the
same to these headquarters.
Persons having mules, horses mid wa
goiiF, will, for the present, be permitted to
retain the same for the purpose of tarry?
ing on their work. Any pei son failing to
comply with this order within a reasona?
ble Lime, will not; only be deprived of any
farther uso of tani property, but will a'.so
B'lljeet themselves to punishment by indi
tary authority. ' riv command of
Lieut. Col. 2f>tti < ?. Y. V..
Co/ti\lg City of Columbia, S C
V/. .1. KYLE, Lieut. 2.".th 0. Y. Y. I.'tiud
Post Adjutant. may '.;9
Hettdq'rs United States Forces,
CITY OF COLUMBIA. S. C..
MAY 27. 186&.
GENERAL ORDERS NO. 2.
?N FORMAT!* >N having been received at
these headquarters.of the existeuce of
armed bands of uwirauders infesting tri?
eoiintry and committing i!"p*redanoCi3 on
th?? property <">f peaceful citizens, it IH
herebv ordered that ad persone. eompo3iu<r
sueh will tie considered ut: .1 treated .aa
outlaws, and it" caught, will receive the
severest punishment ot military law.
The United States Government is desir?
ous of protecting all peaceful aird law
abiding citizens, and they will confer a
favor on these headquarters, and do justice o
to themselves, by giving any information
they may have in their po^eHuion respect?
ing the names nnd movements of such
bands, and, if possible, aiding iu their
The time has arrived when it behooves' ?
every citizen to do a1! lu his power to
assist the military forces of the United
Stales to restore peace and harmony
throughout the land. Bv order of
Lieut. Col. N. HAUGHTON.
2oth O. V. V. I , Com'dg V. S. Forces,
(ht v ot' Columbia.
W. .1. KYLE, -jd Lieut! 25th O. Y. V. I. ' ?
and Post Adjutant. may 29
Headquarters, Northern District,
DEPARTMENT OF THU SOUTH.
CHARLESTOS, S. C., April "25, 18G5,
Circular .'<> Fi-mlers, etc..
?"?VTUMEROUS applications have been
made to tn? for information as to th?
policy lo be adopted on tho subject of
All can understand the importance of
making a crop the present season, ?nd
foresee the misery and suffering consequent
upon its failure.
lu the present unsettled state of the
country, and in the absence of any recog?
nized State authorities. I find it my duty
to assume con i roi of thc plantat ions near
the military lines,.and order as follows:
1st. The planters, aft er taking the oath
of allegiance, will assemble the freedmen
(lately their slaves) and inform them that
they are free, and that henceforth they
must depend upon their own exertions lor
.jd. hi piilab!e?contracts in writing will
be made, by Lise .owners of the ?and with
the freedmen for the cultivation of the
land during the pres .nt year.
Payment will be made in kind, and the
allowance of one half the crop is recom?
mended as fair compensation for tho labor,
the landlord furnishing subsistence until
the crop is gathered.
These contracts will bc submitted to thc
nearest military or naval commander for
approval mid endorsement.
When th? above requirements are mm
plied with, protection will be granted as
far as military necessity will ?How; but
where no contract ism? le, the crop raised
will bo considered forfeited tor the use of
the laborer*. Should : he owners refuse to
cultivate it, they will be considered as en?
deavoring to euihunass the Government,
and ti),; land will be used for colonies ot'
the freedmen- from ?he interior.
JOHN P. H ATC G.
June I B?ig. Gea- Command ng