Newspaper Page Text
Monday Morning, June 19, 18?5.
Here a Line and There, a Line!
"We .must sow the seed, though it shall
happen that much of it will fall on stony.
?andy and otherwise sterile places. If a
-few seeds shall hero ?nd lhere survive, in a
susceptible and fertile soil, the labor which
has sown will be rewarded after certain
.days in the fruit which they shall produce.
And even if the sower himself does
not reap, his children may, his race mustf
and possibly all the generations of the
.earih. It is a beautiful trait reported of
the Spaniards, lhat when they eat a peach
along the roadside, they carefully plant
the stone where they have eaten. They
may never travel that road again, but
some one will, and the fruit thus seared
for the possible wayfarer* is as direct an
act of charity as if you took lire foot sore
wanderer into your house and spread the
board before him. And so, dear readers,
we must sow our thoughts and ideas,
though we are too well. assured that they
pass through unheeding ears of stone
or mere crnnmee of sand, or miserable
crevices of chalk and limestone humanity.
We are told that God, having .willed a
race or family for destruction, had decreed
that with ea,rs they shall not hear, and
with'eyes they shall not see-people who
listen to no prophets, though speaking
from the dead. These are all creatures of
a chronic vanity-and all family and con?
ventional vanity is chronic-whose blind?
ness it. is impossible to couch. Forty years
of a bigotted self-esteem, engaged all the
time in buttressing itself within a fortress
of self-complacency, is not to be driven out
by any ordinary mortars, and mostly
perishes within its walls, without once
dreaming thal it has been all its life a pri?
soner to a ridiculous conceit-self-denied
the very enjoyments of ordinary life
There- are in our country a large amount
of these wretched unfortunates, whom
you cannot cure-with whom the vice is
thoroughly ingrained, and the habit so
incessant in its practice that all the senses
are locked up, aud no avenue of a?cess is
left open to the voice of the human
teacher, be he ever so wise or sweet a
singer. God alone, by "the miraculous
touch of the ft h uriel spear, can couch the
blindness or heal the deafness of this class
,*f miserables. Meanwhile, they lie still in
the depths and shadows of lb? valley of
ignorance-steeped to the lips in the
waters of prejudice and a narrow conven?
tion-nursing their vanities, as if they were
very angels, and their likes and dis"
likes, without any regard to justice, pro.
priety or common sense. It is wonderful
how they doat over these toads and rep.
tiles of the soul-with what complacency
they dwell on the jewel which they fancy
to be growing grandly in all their heads
Verily, dearly beloved readers of this
town of Columbia and elsewhere, all over
this goodly but sorely btrieken little re.
public of'South Carolina, we have had too
much of this sort of miserable imbecility,
which God means that we shall now cure,
if ever. Vanity can only be cured through
the agency of humility. Humiliation
must bring the ridiculous pretender to his
knees, thrust his mouth into the dust
cover his head with the ashes, and when
he groans to God in repentance, in the
utter subjection uf his heart, and delivers
himself up, without reserve or bitterness,
to the chastener, then, and not till then,
skull he be lifted up! We have reached
these depths of darkness; we drink of this
cup of bitterness; we groan in these ashes
of humiliation, and lo escape these bonds
it becomes necessary that we should free
Ourselves from those infirmities of eoul
and vanities of heart which, in very truth .
ure'the secret causes of all our loss, and
grief, and suffering. Let us find out and
cure our infirmities as best we cant? let us
couch that blindness of soul, if it be possi.
ble; and to do this, we needs must begin
by dismissing from our lives those stereo?
typed laws of a very self-complacent and
very dull and drowsy convention-es?
chewing those vanities of pride and place
and fancied power, which have too long
persuaded us that we were of better porce?
lain than the common clay of other men
We must uu learn much, if we would learn
more-new things and .truths which it is
vitally necessary for future safety that w.e
ehouM learn. To labor with cheerfulness,
suffer without complaint, endure with
fullest confidence in God-lese no moment
of time from performance-suffer no fa
culty to rust in Abeyance-no talent to
remain unemployed-find out, willi mil
?peed, -what it is in our capacity to do,
and do it without asking what onr neigh?
bor thinks of us, and whether pride will
turn away from us io scorn or not . We
have had affluence which has possessed us
with demonic appetites and tastes, until
we have almost become unfitted for any
proper human toil or struggle. Our infirm?
ities have grown of this too rapidly ac,
quired affluence, under circumstances
which can scarcely hupp m a tain, unless,
perhaps,-in California. It may be that,
some sixty years hence, there shall grow
up, along the banks of the Gila, or other
golden waters-perhaps in some of our
own colonies of Sonora-a pet and fortu?
nate community, lt shall be a favorite
community, under the special smiling of
that capricious goddess whom all men
seek, called "Fortune." Wonderful shall
be their prosperity. They shall become
as gods in their own conceit, till they sh,etl
finally forget God. They shall constitute
what will there be styled "the aristo?
cracy," or "the fashionables." They will
dine from plates of gold, drink from
golden vessels-revel in halls of marble
feast from shrines of silver-will only
marry with one another-and they will be
acknowledged as lords io the land. Your
grand-son will probably discover among
these people the grand children of per?
sons who, in the old States-here in Caro
lina-were not held worthy to loose the
latchels of your shoe?. Yet, on the Gila
-in their golden palaces of Sonora-what
airs will they take on! How they will
swell-how swagger-how yearn after the
foreign-how despise Ilia less fortunate of
their own race, who most still labor ia the
common offices of trade and industry-and
how, on a sudden, even as willi us, the
fate will pouuce down upon them in the
midst of their grandeur and insolence, and
blast their fortunes, and shame their pride,
and strip from them the feathers of their
vanity, athd say to them, as in the very
first law of God, "Hence, and earn thy
bread by the r-jwcat of thy brow." They
will thus realize only a common history.
^They will despise the very regions and
toils from which their fathers ?drew their
bread and made their fortunes, and from
which, indeed, they still draw their re
sources. They will curse the country by
neglect of duty, by absenteeism, by the
introduction of false gods, false tastes,
artificial and affected manners, and ener?
vating fashions. They will see nothing in
the intrinsic virtues of home; will furn up
their puppy noses at every argument
which s?eka to prove lo them the supe?
riority of their native treasures. And it
will not be easy to eure this insanitv in
persons who are far gone with it. Have
we not seen too many hundreds-nay.
thousands-of these miserables amongjour
8elves. who, even now, while our world is.
rocking in confusion-the very earth reel?
ing beneath our feet-are still perpetually
rominding you that their blood and social
position were of a sort to insure them a
peculiar immunity from the common dan?
ger, and who appear to intimate that Pro?
vidence baa been forgetful of its most
sacred trusts in yielding them np to the
common spoiler. There certainly, as they
seem to intimate, should have been some
exceptions in behalf of certain families!
There is no help for such people-no
cure. But, if possible, dear readers, let
us keep tnese children, ti. younger gene?
rations,- from being inoculated with this
blood and brain poison of vanity. We
give you two propositions to brood
upon. They involve the horns of the
dilemma. A region should always be
represented by the race. The latter
should take their tone and color from its
elemental aspects. They should be fash?
ioned morally and mentally by its climate
and necessities. These will snit no other
people half so well The other is like
unto it. No individual, however eminent,
is superior to h's race. He is, in fact,
when eminent, its typical embodiment He
is, perhaps, never more distinguished or
truly great than when he shall truly rep?
resent its highest phase of intellect and
character. There are very few in any
land who ever do this; and the most eminent
are.simply a result or proof of the capa?
city of the race. He, therefore, wit 6, in
his vanity, thinking only of himself, be?
lieves neither in his race nor in his place,
is the worst of infidels-a besotted one
an ass that never sees his own ears-ano
still less suspects how monstrous they ap?
pear in the sight of other people-and
such, we take it. is the worst sigu in the
hature bf the beast
A new revolution- has taken place in
Hayti, and tli3 towns of Cape Hay tien,
Gonaives and St. Marks have fallen imo
the bands of the insurgents. The leader
of the rebellion, Col. Salane, is the person
who attempted to assassinate one of I'resi?
dent Geffrard's ministers some months
"Sealed proposal?," as the chap said
when he kissed bis sweetheart.
I Local items.
j The office of the Columbia Phoenix is
on Oates street, second door from Plain.
SCHOOLS AND EDUCATION IS COLUMBIA.
There can be no good excuse now for not
giving our children geri?d schoolitig in this
city aud precinct Let parents look to it,
aud answer to their consciences, if they
can, should they neglect the opportunities
which offer for saving their young from all
the thousand evil consequences of iguo
rance?nd idleness. With such teachers as
Professors Rivers, Tiuircd, Woodrow,
Sachtlaben and Pape, uow tendering theil?
services as teachers, no one can plead his
inability to do his essential and first duty
equally to his boj's and girls. If money is
scarce, we believe that all th?se gentlemen
are quite willing to commute for supplies
in provisions, clothing, fuel or any of the
articles needed iy a family. We trust to
see nothing more of the groups of idlers
about the streets. We long to see, in pre?
ference, the array of bright intelligent faces
in the school-room-to hear the chimes
of ringing voices from the temples of wis?
dom and instruction conning daily lessons
bf a precious lore, filling memory with trea?
sures for the future, and guiding observa?
tion, and stimulating thought, and prompt?
ing energy to those performances which
result in the growth of a becoming man?
hood. The several professors whom we
have named are all understood to be
among the most capable teaehers ia our
city, and perhaps in all the country. We
can answer for Messrs. Rivers, Timrod
and Sachtlaben ourselves, whom we have
long personally known. Ail of them
have a high reputation as classical instruc?
tora Boys in any degree advanced, should
now?be preparing tor college, lt will be
the first duty of our next Legislature to
re-establish the Sou.h Carolina College,
and to revise and reform it, as well as re?
establish. So, too, they must have imme?
diate regard to the common school system,
which needs reform and great change, and
not merely re-establishment. For all these,
paronts should prepare their children as
rapidly as possible, making up for the
misei able denials and deficiencies of the
last four wi etched years of anarchy and
war. No doubt the other colleges and
academies of the several denominations
will be shortly set in motion, and it will
need that all parties shall bc prompt, los
ing no more time, ia the preparation ot
their 3'oung.for the toils and fortunes ol
their future lives. . Books can now be had;
there it ample room for pupils in the pri
vate houses of the several professors enc
purging the old school-bouses and col
leges, and with adequate teochers, tht
parents will be deprived of all excuse foi
continuing to deprive their childrcu of al
Late Washington News.
Washington despatches, of June 8, con
tain the annexed ne^ws:
It is not the intention of our Govern
ment to abandon or abate the demanc
upon England for damages done to oui
commerce by Anglo rebel pirates. Th<
disbanding of a portion of our army is nc
evidence of a cowardly or vascil!atin?
policy. Enough will be retained to en
force the demand on foreign Governments
If necessary, the veterans that have beer
mustered out will be speedily suramonec
to retake the field. It ia understood th?
preliminary measures have already beet
taken in reference to the enforcement o
the Monroe doctrine. Notification hat
been served on Napoleon. Wa have set
tied our family affairs, und will not sub
mit to European interference with out
neighbors of Mexico.
intimation,has been given to Napoleoi
that he must not only not send more troop
to Mexico, but must withdraw the Frencl
and American troops now there, and leavi
the people to decide for themselves be
tween the Empire and Republic; other
wise, it will be our duty to see that th'
Republicans have -fair play.
Mr. Fred. Sawyer has been appointai
Collector pf Internal Revenues for the cit;
of Charleston, S. C Mr. Sawy-er is "
native of Bostcfn. For some time he ha
been Superintendent of the Public School
The death of Judge Smith, Unite*
States Tax Commissioner for South Caro
lina, is announced. It occurred while o
his way from Beaufort. Judge Smith, i
will be recollected, was the Democrati
Judge who, in 1855, pronounced th
fugitive slave law unconstitutional, i
case of Garland vs. Booth, for the recover
of Malone, au escaped slave.
The Secretary of the Treasury lu
divided the States of Misdssippi, Sout
and North Carolina into districts for th
collection ot taxes.
When a man attempts to tie h
cravat around a lamp-post, you ma
presume be has been imbibing soin*
thing-, or inhaling chloroform.
j -A correspondent of the Charlotte Demo?
crat, writing from "Raleigh, N. C., June 2,
1.1865." say? ,
The servant boy who was with Jeffer?
son Davis when he was captuied IIMB
returned to this pince, and says that Mr.
Davis was not disguised in female apparel
viten he was captured-that he had on the
clothing he was in the habit of wearing,
?nd when the alarm was given, and as
Mr. Davis started to leave the tent, Mrs.
Davis threw her shawl over his head or
shoulders. The name of the servant boy
is, I am informed. Jim Jones, and accompa?
nied Mr. Da*-is from Chailotte until he
was captured and landed at Fortress Mon?
roe. He is known here in Raleigh lo be
truthful and of good character.
A matrimonial alliance is about to
crown tbe career of Marshal Bazaine
in the intervention in Mexico, tshat
French warrior being announced as
about to wed La Senorita de Pena,
daughter of some high dignitary in the
empire of Maximilian.
A young professor at one of the
colleges married a lady twenty year3
his senior. This was said, by a witty
friend, to be a proof of his ambition,
as he appeared desirous of studying
FAMILY FLOUR !
SIXTY BAGS SUPERIOR FAMILY
FLOUR, at $4.50 per bag, for sale by
June 19 3 KENNETH ? GIBSON.
IRON ! IRON !
TEN THOUSAND POUNDS HORSE
SHOE aDd TI RR IRON, for sale low
for cash by KENNETH ?fc GIBSON
June 19 3
$200 Reward. !
tyi-ft STOLfjN from my stables, on
/'< j 1 the night of the .Ith May; t wo fine
BAY MARH6-one a large bay mare, will
fold in the first of the fall, seven years old,
color a deep nay, black lens, main and tail,
very smiil fore-top, too short to be kept
or placed under the brow band-no white
about her. unless saddle marks, a small
sear on the right hind leg at the knee or
hock joint, outside of the leg, recently
done, by ploughing; a very heavy mude
animal, with great, muscular power, tine
action, gentle and kind in harness or under
saddle, gaits, walle, trot and lope.
Also, one 1'.AY FILLEY. four years old,
about 14i hands high, dark bay color,
blank lege, main and tail-a very hand?
some animal, beautifully formed, with
rather a heavy main and tail. No parti?
cular -narke, except, a small scar on the
left hip, near ?he root of the tail, in the
!=liape of a half nioop, caused by a kick.
These two animals are very much attached
to each o'ther, and when separated, rest?
less and uneasy. .
I will pay llie above reward, in specie
or ils equivalent, for the recover}- of my
mares, or ?100 for either of them. Any
information as to the thief will be duly
appreciated, and any information ns to the
mares can be given to James B. Cureton,
Esq., or Dr. R. B.'Johnston, Camden, S. C.,
or Hoc. James A. Witherspoon, Lancaster
C. IL, Capt. Thos. Taylor. Columbia, S. C.,
ormvself. R. M. MILLER.
"Pineville, C.?S.C.R. R.,'No. Ca.
June 17 4
Kew Auction & Commission House.
BY JACOB LEVIN.
THE undersigned being thrown out ol
employment hy the recent ufestructioii
of the city, inlorms his friends and til?
citizens of Columbia, that he has r?sum?e
his former line of business previous to hi.'
election of Book-keeper in the Exchange
Bank, and offers his services as an Auc
tioneer ?nd General Commission Mer
chant, respectfully soliciting a 6haro o
la conducting this business, he pledget
the ?ante fidelity and promptness observ?e
whilst Tormerly engaged in it. *
Office at Uk; Lower Ration House, op
posite Dr. w. P. Geiger, and may bi
consulted at home immediately oppositi
the residence of Capt. Thomas R. Sharp
on Gervais Street.
Consignments thankfully received.
June 16 3_" JACOB LEVIN.
KB. HENRY TIMBOS
WILL open, during the first week ii
July, at his residence, in Richlam
street, (between Bull and Marion,)
DAY SCHOOL FOR BOYS, in which th
Ancient Langu%es, French and the usua
Enzlish Brunches will be taught.
THE TERMS OF PARDON
Proclamation by the President of th
United States of America.
Whereas the President of the Unite
States, on the 8th day of Deeember. A. 1
1863, and on the 26th day of March, A. I
1S64, with the object to suppress the e>
?sting rebellion, to induce all persons t
return to their loyalty and to restore th
authority of .the United States, issue pi t
clnmntions offering amnesty and pardon t
certain persons who hnd;*directlv or b
implication, participated in the said rebe
lion; and whcrea?.niany persons, who ha
so engaged in unid rebellion, have.j-ince
the issuance of said proclamation, failed
or neglected lo take the benefits olfered
thereby; and whereas many persons, who'
have been justly deprived of al! claim lo'
amnesty- and pardon thereunder by reason
.of Their participation, directly or by im?
plication, in said, rebellion and continued
hostility to the Government of the United
States since the date of pnid proclamation,
now desire to apply for and obtain nmnes
ty and pardon: .
To the end, therefore, that the authority
of the Government of the United States
may be restored, and that peace, order and
freedom may be established, 1, Andrew
Johnson, President ot the United State?,
do proclaim and declare that I hereby
grant to ail per*ons*who Jiavf; directly or
indirectly participated in the existing
rebellion, except as hereinafter excepted,
amnesty and pardon, with restoration of
all rights of property, except as to slave?,
and except in cases where legal proceed?
ings, under the law? of the United States
providing for the, confiscation of property
of persons engaged in rebellion, have been
instituted, but on the condition, nev. rthe
less, that every such person shall taite and
subscribe the following oath or atlirma
tion, and thencefoi ward keep and main?
tain said ?ath inviolate, and whieb. oath
shall be regiffered for permanent preser?
vation, and shall be of the tenor and effect
following, to wit:
I, ? -, do solemnly swear or
affirm, in presence of Almighty God, that
I will henceforth faithfully support and
defend thc Constitution of the United
States and the Union of the States there?
under, and that I will in like manner
abide by and faithfully support, all law?
and proclamations which have been made
during "the existing rebellion with refer?
ence to the emancipation of slave?. So
help me God.
The following class of persons are ex?
empted from the benefits of this procla?
1st. All wlw irre, or-shall have been,
pretended civil or diplomatic officers, or
otherwise, .domestic or foreign agents of
the pretended Confederate Government.
2d. All who left, judicial stations tinder
the United States to aid in the rebellion.
3d. All who fliall have been military or
naval officers of said pretended Confede?
rate Government above the rank of colonel
in the army or lieutenant in the navy.
4th.-All who left seats ii the Congress
of the United States to aid the rebellion.
5th. All who resigned or tendered resig?
nations of their commissions in the army
or navy of the United States lo evade duty
iu resisting the rebellion.
6th. All who have engaged in any woy
in treating, otherwise 1 han law hilly as pri
soners i>f war persons found ?rm the United
States service, as officers, soldiers, seamen
or in oilier capacities.
7th. All persons who have been or are
absentees fi om the United Stales for 1 he
purpose of aiding the rebellion.
8th. All military andu naval officers in
tho rebel service who were educated by
the Government ?ti the Military Academy
at West Point or the Unit<*i States Naval?
9th. All persons who held the pretended
offices of Governor of S'ntes in insurrec?
tion against, the United"Stales.
10th. All persons who left their homes
within the jurisdiction and protection of
the Uniied States, and passed beyond the
Federal military lines into the so-called
Confederate States for the purpose of aid?
ing the rebellion.
11th. Ali persons who have been en?
gaged in the destruction of the commerce
of tbe.United States nt>on the high seas,
and who have made raids into the United
States from Canada, or been eugaeed in
destroying the commerce of the United
State? upon the lakes and rivers that, sepa-'
rate the British provinces trom the United
12th. Ali persons who, nt the time when r
they seek to obtain the benefits hereof by
.taking the oath herein prescribed, are in
military, naval or civil confinement or
cpstody, or under bonds of the civil, roili
tary or naeal authorities ot agents of the
United States, as prisoners of war or per?
sons detained for offences of any kind,
either before or after conviction.
Ililli. All persons who have voluntarily
participated in said rebellion, and the esti?
mated value of whose taxable property is
over twenty thousand dollars.
14th. All persons who have taken the
oath of amnesty as prescriber! in the Pre?
sident's proclamation of December 8, A.
D. 18G5, or an oath of allegiance ?to the
Government of the United States since the
date of said proclamation, and who have
not thenceforward kept and maintained
the same inviolate.
Provided, that special application may
be made to the President for pardon by
any person belonging to the excepted
classes, and such clemency will be libe?
rally extended as may be consistent with
the facts of the case and the peace and
dignity of the United States.
The Secretary of State will establish
rules and regulations for administering and
recording the said amnesty oath, sp as to
insure its benefit to the people and guard
the Government against fraud.
In testimony whereof, I havs hereunto set
mv hand and caused the seal of the
Uniied States to be affixed.
Done at the city of Washington, the 29th
day of May, in the year of our Lor^
l?ii?, and of the independence of the
United Slates the eighty-ninth.
Ey the President:
WM. H. SKWAKD, Secretary af State.