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By J. A. SELBY. . COLtJMBIA, S. C., FRIDAY MORNING, MAY 19, 1865. VOL. l.-NO. 43.
THE COLUMBIA PHONIX,
PUBLISHED DAILT.JpXCKPT SUNDAY,
BY JULIAN A. SELBY.
TERMS-IN AD FA NC E.
Six months, $6
One month, ... - 1
Obe square, (ten lines,) enc time, 50 eta
Subsequent insertions. 35 cts
Special notices teu cents per line.
Description of Jeff. Davis and Party.
A correspondent of the New York
Herald, on the steamer W. H. Clyde,
THE PERSON .VE I. OF THE rRlS0NER3.
Jeff. Davis, of whom we ot the
North have heard so much and seen
.so little for the past four years, is a
man about six feet ii? height, rather
lean, and not of the finest figure by
an}' means. I should take him to be
somewhat above fifty years of age,
prematurely grey. He has full whis?
kers, rather'stunted in? growth, and
like his hair, sprinkled Mfith grey. Iiis
grey eves (one of which is blind) haye
an undefined and unfathomable look,
and bis mouth, of the Grecian mould,
is occasionally jerked out of all pro
portion by a sepulchral laugh or forced
smile. Ho is confined to his bed a
great deal of the time, and it requires
.all the nursing pf his strong-nerved
wife to keep li ?tn from giving way to
despondency. He is' a pitiful sight,
?nd the last man one would have sup?
posed to be a fit subject for the Presi?
. MRS DAVIS AND CHILDREN.
Mrs. Davis is the second wife of the
.ex-President, by whom he has had
four children. The eldest ts a smart*
little black-eyed girl, Maggie, of some
fourteen summen?, and the next a boy,
of about twelve or thirteen, who goes
by the euphonious cognomen of
'.?Young Jeff. ' He is a chip from the
old block, and wo would suppose from
his actions and temper, shown on va?
rious and sundry occasions, that he too,'
Jika his traitorous sire, would in after
days be fit for "treason, stratagem and
spoils."- The next is a. smart little
fellow, with bright eyes and flaxen
hair, tco young to have tho least ap?
preciation of hi? condition, and the
fourth is a "nursing child. _Mrs. Davis
is a member of tho [lowell family, of
Georgia, and has a great many rela?
tives at Augusta. She is a pretty
woman, of probably forty years of age.
When I first saw her, at Macon, and
conversed with her on flie cars, I
thought her pretty and agreeable; but
to look at her now it seems as though
twenty years had been heaped upon
her head in one short week. Her
pride and vivacity have forsaken her,
and truly she is hut the wreck of her
Her sister, is a young lady hardly
out of her teens, if we are ito judge
from her appearance. She has black
hair and black eyes, with a ruddy com?
plexion, and very little of that modest
demeanor which charaeterizos our
Northern belles. Io fact, she is coarse
.-coarse in feature and coarse in de?
meanor. This is not much to her de?
triment, however, HS her future pros?
pects are not wall calculated to develop
the finer qualities of a high-bred lady.
She is affianced to Lieut. Hathaway,
one'of the prisoners.
Having thus hurriedly sketched the
outlines of.the Davis family, I will !
leave the imaginations' of my readers
to fill io the background and supply
the lights and shades, and proceed to
pourtray the personnel of the other no?
ALEXANDER H. STEPHENS,
The rebel Vice-President, is one of
the most singular men ip appearance
you will meet with in a life-time. I
should take him to be about five feet
six iuches in height, and almost as
slim as a skeleton. He appears to be
nothing bot BWO, bone and cartilage,
and ia so feeble aa to be hardly able to
TTiove about. Hi* face is entirely
devoid of beard, and bis lip? extremely
thin. He is ?hat is commonly termed
ifintern-jawed, and has a bigb smooth
for< head. His eyes are bright, but,
| after looking at them straight during a
i somewhat lengthy conversation, I nm
unable to say what color they really
are. Ho was dressed in plain black
clothing, and wears a heavy gold fob
chain. The amber stem of his meer?
schaum pipe is always seen, either in
his mouth or protruding from his rest
pocket. He conversed very freely
about the events of the psst four
year?. He maintains that he was al?
ways in favor of the Uiion and op?
posed to secession, though lie advocates
the inherent right of a State to with?
draw from the Union under the Con?
stitution. He vindicates his course in
accepting the Vice-Presidency of the
Confederacy, by saying that he did 30
in order to prevent the horrors of dis?
organized warfare, and to try to bring
about reconstruction. He is not on
good terms with Davis, and I have not
seun them exchange words during the
trip. Both keep their state rooms
closely, and neither seem3 to pay much
attention to what is transpiring around
them. The next character of note in
the programme is the late .
POSTMASTER GENERAL REGAN*.
This individual was formerly a re?
preventative in Congress from Texas,
and endeavored to make himself noto?
rious on the State Rights question, b?
challenging debate with several promi?
nent Republican members. None,
however, saw fit to indulge him, and
tie made but little reputation, except
among the fire-eaters of hi? own State.
Being a personal friend of Davis, and
one of his chief cd-workers in iniquity,
he received the appointment of Post?
master-General, iu which capacity be
served until the rebel bubble burst.
He then volunteered bis services to
pilot his lord and master through the
country to Texas; and, after securing
a shipment of most of the rebel funds
I (which be had for some time been
converting into specie) in a blockade
runner to Europe, for deposit, subject
to hil draft, be undertook bis perilous
journey. Y"u, are 'already apprised
of the result. He is a thickset, black
haired, tawny man, such as the climate
of Texas usually produces.
Was formerly Governor of Texas,
but has bgen serving for some time as
aid de camp to Davis, with rank ot
Colonel of Artillery. He is also a
heavy set individual, with grey bair
and imperial, and grey cold eyes. He
is rather of a jovial disposition, how?
ever, and is disposed to take his cap?
tivity rather as a "joke" than other?
Occupied tho same rank and po?
sition. He is ? very tall, muscular
man, and is also grey. He is. much of
the disposition of Lubbock, and the
two pass much of their time playiug
cards or spinning yarns.
PRIVATE SECRETARY HARRISON. "
Is a very good looking youug man,
and is very well informed on political
mutters. He does not, however, ex?
press an opinion openly on any topic
connected with the defunct Confed
eracy, and is much reserved in his
manner. He is very atteutive to "the
President,'7 as he invariably calls bim,
?and would consider it an honor to
black his boots. This is all the Presi?
dential cortege that I consider worthy
of special mention, and so I will pass to
CLEMENT C. CLAY AND LADY.
I first met Mr. Clay and lady on
the cars at Macon, and they both con?
verse very freely. They are both very
intelligent; but of the ?two, to use a
common expression, the madame is the
best man. I should take Clay to be
abont thirty-five years of age, and his
wife about tbuty. They were dressed
plainly, but assumed an air of osten?
tation and superiority. Mrs. Clay
jocularly remarked to Col. Pritchard
ind myself, that as sb? brought Mr.
Clay in, she should claim the reward
offered for hi? arrest. They both
talked a great deal about "political
tricks" at Washington, and assumed
to believe that his arrest was only a
ruse to carry out the design of Presir
dent Johnson for the gratification of
Is hardly worthy of a special para?
graph. He is a very ordinary looking
individual, about thirty years of age,
with light brown hair and hazel eye?.
He was always the laughing-stock of
our cavalry, who have so often placed
him hors du combat, and since his cap?
ture the poltroon sticks out of hts
every feature, and is displayed in his
every actio?. He shrinks like a
whipped puppy from contact with his
captors, and is seldom seen out of his
COLOMBIA AND HAMBURG R. R.
Otif of the ?most important connection.,
o! the whole Southern Railroad "system .
is that leading by a direct route from
this city to Columbia. It will prove
an artery of trade of invaluable ac?
count to the widest scope of country,
as well as the immediate section of
the State through which it passes!
We hope that thu General Govern?
ment, which has heretofore displayed
so fostering a hand towards the repar?
ation of all Southern works of internal
improvement, will not overlook this.
They will find it of importance to
themselves, as well as valuable to the
The Directpry of the road are doing
all they can to further the enterprise,
but they need the assistance of the
public authorities in the obtainance of
the proper labor.
We do -not dislike men so much
when they are ruining* themselves ;
it is only after they are ruined.
AGENT of the New York
<^f^rlS?K'?nd Charleston WEEKLY
?fa?SHH?LINt: OF STEAMERS, and
GK? EKAL COMMISSION MERCHANT,
Charleston. S. C., will give attention to
any business entrusted to his care*
June 17 -f-6_
UR. HENEY TIMROD
WILL open, during the first week in
July, nt hjs residence iu Richland
street, (bctxv*ben Bull aud Marion,) a
DAY SCHOOL FOR BOYS, in which the
Ancient Languages, French and the usual
Euzlish Branches will be taught.
APUR of GOLD SPECTACLES
They were dropped at the back door
of the Ration House, on the corner of Mr.
C. A. Bedell's Lot. A reward will be
paid to the finder, if required, with the
thanks of the owner, who cannot well
afford to lose them. Inquire'of JOHN
1 McKENZIE, or leave them at this office.
June 1 fi
Dwelling House for Sale"
jS^y ONE of the largest and best ap
JEj|j_pointed DWELLING HOUSES in this
citv, with extensive and complete Stables
and Servants' House, ?c., for sale. Apply
anv day, between I and 3 o'clock, at thc
South east corner of Marion and Lady
streets, opposite the Presbyterian Church.
June 15 " _6*_
~r, LT SOLOMON,
Second door almac Shiver House, Plain St.,
General Commission. Merchant
and Dealer in Foreign and
and Country Produce.
CONSIGNMENTS from manufacturers
and planters will receive my usual
Just received and now in store:
2.000 lbs. clear BACON SIDES.
800 HAMS and SHOULDERS.
10 bbls. FLOUR.
100 bushels SALT.
Chewing and Smoking TOBACCO.
Bales HICKORY STRIPES.
" FANCY PANT STUFF.
" Colored DOMESTIC.
A. L. SOLOMON.
Jan? 15 5 . Coai:oie3;o3 Merchant.
COUNTRY PRODUCE of all kinds will
find READY SALE at the comer of
Assembly and Plain streets. Full prices
paid to those bringing in produce.
Citizens Will find on hand, nt all times,
a FULL SUPPLY of COUNTRY PRO?
DUCE, at REASONABLE RATES.
June 14 6* At Lewis Levy's Corner.
IWILL attend daily, from 9 a. m. to 12
m.. at thejCouncil Room, (formerly Odd
Fellows' School-voom.) for the purpose of
collecting CITY TAXES- In view of-the
urgent necessities of the City Council, it is
hoped that all tax-payers w'ill be prompt.
? A.' G. BASK IN,
June 8_ City Clerk.
DRY GOODS, ML, &C.
KENNETH & GIBSON,
At Robert Bryce's Old Stand,
ACHOICE ASSORTMENT of Goods,
consisting in part of:
1,200 lbs. choice BACON.
7 bhls. FLOUR.
100 boxes No. 1 HERRINGS.
. S English Dairy CHEESE.
5 bbls. BUTTER CRACKERS.
5 boxes FAMILY SOAP.
5 *' CORN STARCH.
6 doz. BROOMS.
SOOJyards pure MADDER PRINTS.
600 ~ " Checked English ALPACA.
100 ?' " CAMBRIC.
500 " superior LONGCLOTH.
COLOGNE, JELLIES, BLACKING.
Windsor Soap, Hair and Tooth Brushes.
Dressing and Fine Tooth Combs.
Sweet Oil, Gent's Paper Collars.
Sugars, Locks, Smoking Pipes.
And various other articles too numerous
to mention. Jone 12
Headq'rs Provisional Brigade,
' COLUMBIA, S. C., JUNE 9, 1865.
To the freedmen:
THE time has come, for you all to do
your best to show that you are fit lo be
free men in this great Republic. Observe
sacredly th? marriage tie. * Learn to read
and write. No one must leave his wife,
children or aged parents "while ho* can
assist them- Thieves and idlers and peo?
ple strolling about the country will be
punished. Be prudent) and quiet, and or?
derly. If you have trouble, report it to
the military authorities. This year you
cannot do much more than get a living
for yourselves and families: those will get
the best pay next year who work the best
Let no one be either proud or ashamed
of the form or color that God has given
him. Be proud of the chance to do for
yourselves and for each other.
(Signed.) A. S. HARTWELL,
June 10 Brevet Brieadier-General.
Headers Provisional Brigade,
COLUMBIA. S. C., JUSTE 9, 1865.
GENERAL ORDER NO. 12
^"^HE attention of this command is called
JL to existing orders aguinst marauding
and foraging. Officers and men are far
ther ordered to avoid all unnecessary dis?
cussion on public matters with those who;
after these years of blood and Bullering,
still do not ncquiesee in tho result of bat?
tle and in the policy of the General Go?
vernment. Courtesy to all is th? part of
a soldier. Information will be given when?
ever desired. Sympathy for those in sor?
row and aliliction is .felt by no oue quicker
than by the soldier; but no soldier can
forget what he ?pas fought for, and what
his brothers have died to support-the
Union, Constitution and laws and free
Government-now, as the re*ult of the
war, accorded to all classes; nor can he
forget the dignity of his Government and
his own dignity as its representative, in
dealing with those who now either secretly
or opeuly scoff at those sacred principles.
Contracts between masters and servants
will set forth in word? the freedom of the
latter, and will be witnessed by a United
States officer and by a civilian. It is for
the interest of the people that t'-".se rela?
tions be amicably adjusted witho delay.
Csses of difficulty wi fl be examined and
tried by military authorities.
No privileges or advantages whatsoever
will be granted those who do not, declare
their allegiance to the United States Go
J vernment, acting in good faith according
to that declaration.
This order will be published to the en?
By order of A. S HARTWELL,
Brevet Brig. Gen.
Official: Gio. F. MCKAY, lat Lieut, and
A. A. A. G. lune 0
Headq'rs United States Forces,
CITY OF COLUMBIA, S. C.,
MAY 27, 18G5.
GENERAL ORDERS KO 4.
IN order to prevent aoy disturbance which
miiv ?rise from the improper use of in?
toxicating liquors, it is hereby ordered
that, for the present, no intoxicating li?
quors will be sold or given away to any
citizen or soldier, unless permission is
granted from these headquarters. Any
one found guilty of disobeying.tlm order,
will not only have his goods confiscated,
but will be subject to punishment by mili?
tary law. By command of
Lieut. Col. NT. HAUCHTON,
"VT. J. KYLE, Lieut. 25th 0. V. V. 1. and
Post Adjutant. may 2V
Headq'rs United States Forces,
- CITY OF COLUMBIA, 3. C.,
MAY 'll, 1S65.
GENERAL ORDERS NO. 3.
A LL citizens having in their possession
any property that rightfully belongs
to the United States Government, accord?
ing to the terms of surrender of Cen. Jos.
E.\John?tou, C. S. A.. to Gen. W. T. Sher?
man, U. S. A., will immediately report the
saine to these headquarters.
Persons having nuiles, horses and wa?
gons, will, for the present, be permitted to
retain the same for tho purpose of carry?
ing on their work. Any person failing to
comply with this order within a reasona?
ble time, will not only be deprived of any
farther use of said property, but will also
subject themselves to punishment by mili
tary authority. Bv command of
* N. HAUGHTON.
. Lieut. Col. 25th O. V. V.,
Com'dg City of Columbia, S. C.
W. J. KYLE, Lieut. 25th 0. V. V. I. and
Post Adjutant. may 29
Headq'rs United States Forces,
CITY OF COLUMBIA, S- C..
MAY 27. 1865.
GENERAL ORDERS NO. 2.
INFORMATION having been received at
th .-so headquarters of the existence of
armed band? of marauders infesting th?
country and committiug depredations on
the property of peaceful citizens, it is
hereby ordered that, all persons composing
such will be considered and treated as
outlaws, and if caught, will receive the
severest punishment ot military law.
The United States .Government is desir?
ous of protecting all peaceful and law
abiding citizens, and they will confer a
favor ou these headquarters, and do justice
to themselves, by giving any information
they may have iti their possession respect?
ing thc names and movements of such
bands, and, if possible, aiding in th*ir
The time has arrived wheD it -behooves
every citizen to do all in his power to
assist the military forces of the United
States to restore peace and harmony
throughout the land. By order of
Lieut. Col. N. HAUGHTON.
25th O. V. V. ?., Coni'dg'U. 9. Forces,
Ciiy of Columbia.
W. J. Kv LE, 2d Lieut. 25th 0. V". V. I.
and Post Adjutant. may 29
Headquarters, Northern District,
DEPARTMENT OF THE SOUTH,
CnAULESTOS, S. C., April 25, 1865.
Circular io PUnlcrs, etti.
NUMEROUS applications have been
made to mc for information as to the
policy td bc adopted on the subject of
All can understand the importance of
making a crop the present season, and
foresee the misery and suffering consequent
upon its tail ur?-.
In thc present unsettled state of tho
country, and in the absence of any Tf-eog
niz??d Stute authorities, I lind it my duty
to assume control of thc plantations near
the militaiy lines, and order as follows:
1st. The planters, after taking the oath
of allegiance, will assemble the freedmen
(lately their slaves) and inform them that
they ?re free, and that henceforth they
must depeud upon their own exertions tor
2d. Equitable contracts in writing wi ii
be made by the owners of the land with
the freedmen for the cultivation of thc
land during thc present year.
Payment will be made in kind, and the
allowinee of one half thc crop is recom?
mended as fair compensation for the labor,
the landlord furnishing subsistence until
the crop is gathered.
Thes? contracts will he submitted to the
nearest military or naval commander for
approval and endorsement.
"When the above requirements are com?
plied with, protection will be granted aa
far as militaiy necessity will allow; but
where no cont ract is made, the cr->p raised
will be considered forfeited for the use of
the laborers. Should the owners refuse to
cultivate if, they*wili be considered as en?
deavoring to embarrass the Goverumont,
and the land will be used for colonies of
the freedmen from the interior.
JOHN P. HATCH,
June 1 Br g. Gez- Commanding.