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By J. A. SELBY. . COLtJMBIA, S. C., FRIDAY MORNING, MAY 19, 1865. VOL. l.-NO. 43.
THE COLUMBIA FHONLX,
r-UBLl?HCD DAILY, KXCtPT SCX1MY,
BY JULIAN A. SELBY.
Sir months, $5
One mouth, .... 1
One square, (ten lines,) one time, 50 cts
Subsequent insertions. - 35 cts
Special notices ten cents per line.
Thou Inst gone for the laurel flower.
And hast, found but the cypress wreath.
And the dnWu of'thy pride and power,
Is the day of thy doom and death.
Thou hast ?ought for the topmost height,
And hast sunk in the dark morass;
And thy star, when it shone most bright,
Was lost ia the clouds that pass.
Ah! win*, through the treacherous way,
By the oozy streams it fed.
Didst thou dream to find where the foun?
And of odors around them shed?.
Through the dark, wouldst thou fiud tb%
Through the thicket the path of pride,
And deem that the d?ad man's glazed
Would show where the living bidtd
"Why tollow the ghost of a former name,
Seeking for glory lo find but shame?
Obi the madness, to think of blooms
in a realm of natural glooms,
Oroves fit for a place of tumbe.
Of a people most ready for strife,
That n?-ver were fit for life!
Aid why shonldst thou thither go,
A* if led by thy dearest, foe.
When the proudest fiower tho dark soil
Is ever more wet with tears, with tears;
A? if it wept the very power,
It' took from the Fates iu an,evil hour;
The spell of a mocking lure to doom.
Won from the skies in on evil sign.
While the clouds hung heavy and low
with gloom, i j
And heart J so eager and fond as thine,
Had never a guardian star to shine,
Nor an angel watcher to whisper soft,
..This is a F-ite-look aloft-look alofi!
Nor strive al the flower, though large and
For there's doom in its subtle breath,
And instead of thy dream of a great de?
Thou wilt wake to a cruel death:
And see to the earth where thy feet have
U?Arvt?ge blood oozes out from the sullen
Ye'V'tis beautiful, as thou hast said,
That flower, so large ?nd wUite;
But the beauty belongs to the dead, j
And they guard it with forms of Jright,
And a poisonous breath :o "Wight!
The flower is a fated flower, -
By demon lingers sown,
In a dread, forgotten hour.
When the earth wa* left for the* night ,
And all the pure lights of Heaven were
gone, ' '. j
To throng in homage about the thron?! j
Io the dark morass
In the dreadest gloom
See the sitado w* pai<s.
And mutter of doom:
To and fro, beWold them go,
Sowing the seeds of the fuune wo;
And where each evil foot hath trod.
The mighty tree, which bears that
Takes deepest root in the oozy sod.
To bourgeon and blast iu the coming
And while innocent roses and daisies hide,
And Bhut their leaves with tremulous
It blossoms with brow of insolent pride,
And opens, with bosom large and wide,
Though evermore di opt with poisonous
And it eagerly sucks its breath.
From tue venomous weeds around;
From the reptiles that glide beneath,
From the blasted and demon groud
.From the sheeted clouds that pas*,
From the dark and foul moras?!
Altrl that a thing of ill,
With such power to blight and kill,
Should look so innocent still_
Shotlld wear such a beauty to moria;
And bloom on a .shaft of such noble
Mrs. Partington henri tig that ?
young man had set up top himself.
"Poor fellow," wid yh<;, 'has he no
friend that will set up ;\>r "him nart 0f
the time?"- And abe 3?gb*id*'.o bc
V/ordsworlh on Literature. . .
The true life of William Wordsworth
is in htflfcvritings, which are. strictly
autobiographical,^ not merely in that
they bear the impress of his personal
character, but that they are for the
most part drawn from scenes in the
immediate neighborhood bf his birth?
place and home, and are descriptive of
incidents happening to himself. They
are the life-long journal of almost daily
meditation and.experienee. . On every
page they tell w ho and what the man
was, where he Vras bor% what influ?
?es moulded bis infancy; what associ?
ations of mau and natur? accompanied
his growth. His* great poem is the
History of his own Mind; and the most
impersonal of his writings, as the
Laodamia, is stamped with the idiosyn?
crasy of the man-his pure spirit of
reverence, his omni-present awe of
truth, virtue, ?nd freedom-"the plain
presence of his dignityH"
Tho Prelude is the especial bio?
graphy of Wordsworth. There be bas
told us all which it ia necessary to
know. Gossip can extract little from
the career of such a man. Iiis lifo
was in his life. As he wrote he lived.
But though bearing little, immediately
upon the great world of his times, and
offering us nothing of the seasoned
anecdote which wo look for, to turn
our tears into merriment on the death
of.rf.o^t illustrious men, the memoirs
now published of the Poet are not
the le.^s interesting. They are indeed*
chit-fly illustrations of his writings,
and may one day find their most ap
priate place at the foot notes to some
comprehensive edition of his works; but
they have this'peculiarity about them,
in common with the poems, that the
interest H of a grand and Ioitv
character. The personality is not* a
petty personality, but is merged ii? the
grandeur o? a refined and elevated
character, and becomes a philosophy
of the species. Follow nature, wrute
the Roman moralist, as the best guide
of living well; and never was nature
more purely or devotedly followed
than by William Wordsworth. It'was
not the nature merely of plants and
flowers, of woods and field, lake and
inountain^but the congenial disposi?
tion of heart and soul in unison with
these. If a mountain could think or
a brook speak in vocal language, they
would think and speak a3 Words?
worth. By birth, education of early
years, and above all, by rigid cnlture
and self-discipline, the whole man wa?;
tutored to an extreme simplicity.
Goodness and greatness, essential truth
of living, the home affections, brother?
hood, and love of country were to bis
mind real things, substitutes for the
painted.show? of tho metropolis and
the factitious of the world. A man of
letters from his youth, tbe ordinary
rivalries of literature, its contests and
excitements, were not for him. He
sought no patronage of the press; re?
cognized no rivals, gave no dinners,
made his way to fame by no subordi?
nate or incidental efforts; had none- of
thejuocidents of authorship, but quietly
thought and wrote and laid his works
before the world to maintain their
own rank. They were assailed,
calumniated, ridiculed; but he saw in
this more misunderstanding than malice
and he quietly held on his even course
wrapped in his own integrity. No
St. Anthony temptation of grinning
and gibing fiends in forms of hostile
reviewers could shake his solid pur?
pose. With every power of his man?
hood he had devoted himself to a cer?
tain work, and he would perform it.
In his boyhood, we learn, he was wil
fal and obstinate; in after years-so the
wine of life ii purified-he wa8 calm,
strong, and assured.
It is this unity of life; this secret
growth and strength of character,
which is set forth in these rpwmorials,
sucrets of windora which render these
volumes ono of the roost precious gifts
of the age. In *hem you may enter
'.he "erv penetraba ^ She iemp'e, and
j be pr?sent at the robirtg of tbe poet
for tbe high region of bis fancies.
What Wordsworth has left us> is
individual, personal in a certain sense,
and yet belongs to the race. Thia will
be the source of his lasting power. Th?
mannerist* the man of partial develop?
ments is soon exhausted. A swarm of
imitators flock together and sting him
U* death, exhaastrng bia -'thin spun"
vitality. But "unen oj genius, like'
Wordsworth ami Coleridge, have the
inexhaustible founts of nature herself.
Their maxims aie of'wide acceptation.
We go to them not to cast our minds
in a narrow mould, but to baar away
the seed?, from their full growth, of an
original independeu', development.
What man ever cramped his* genius,
as the apprentice in the farce has if,
by studying Shakspcare, or Plato,
or Milton-who will not, indeed, make,
a small man great, but who must
make a generousiyjgifted mind greater.
Try the work of.-imitating Words?
worth-you will fall to tdie ground in
tame inanity; but you make a respee
table counterfeit of Scott or .Byron.
The difference is that the latter were
more of artists, and Wordsworth,
never neglecting art, more of a philo?
sopher, aud that an art may to some
extent be acquired or borrowed, its
trick be learnt; but great principles
must beget their own fact".
A session of the United States
District Court commenced at Norfolk
oo the 3nth ult. A Grand Jury, sum?
moned hom 'different parts of the
Commonwealth, were in attendance.
A charge was- delivered by Judge
Uuderwood, to-the effect that they
were bound "to present for trial the
authors and conductors of the late
rebellion." Ile says that all commis?
saries and quartermasters, contractors
aBd civil agents, are included in thoBe
who come under the law of treason.
And the charge concludes thus: *'To
an inquiry which has been made by
an officer of tho -Court, whether the
terms of parole agreed upon with Gen.
Lee were any protection to those
taking the parole} the answer is, thal
was a mero military arrangement and
can .have no influenc? upon civil right1
or the status of tho person interested.'
OIXTY BAGS SUPERIOR F AMIL x
IO FLOUR, at $4.50 per bac:. for|f>ale bj
June 19 :t KEN Nt ET H it GIBSON'.
MR. J. Q. ADAMS would inform tin
citizens of Col umida that he hai
opened an EATING HOUSE, on the cor
ner of Washington and Gates street?
where MEALS will be served up at al
hours of the day. LUNCH from ll to :
o'Hoek. June 20
Bakery and Confectionary.
LSHODAIR and W. STIEG LI Ti
. have re opened their BAKERY
CONFECTIONARY and CRACKER MA
NU FACTORY. Also, -on hand a fin
assortment of CHEWING and SM< >KIN(
TOBACCO, SCOTCH and MACCABO"1
SNUFF, CIGARS. PIPES, Ac, at Msawri
Cooper <fc Gaither'a old stand.
June ? mthO
Second door above Shiver lions?, Plain St
General Commission Merchant
and Dealer in Foreign and
and Country Produce.
(CONSIGNMENTS from manufacture
J and planters will receive my usu
Just received and now ir. store:
?.000 lbs. clear BACON SIDES.
, SOO HAMS anoVSHOULDERB.
10 bbb. FLOUR.
100 bushels SALT.
Chewing and Smoking TOBACCO.
Eales HI ?KO RY STRIPES.
" FANCY PANT STUFF.
" Colored DOMESTIC.
A. L. SOLOMON.
Sune it G Commission Merchant.
APUR of GOLD SPECTACLES.
They were dropped at the back door
of the Ration House, on the corner of Mr.
C. A. Bedell's Lot A reward will be
paid to the finder, if required, with the
thanks-of the owner, who cannot well
alford to lose them. Inquire of JOHN
McEENZIE, OT leave tliem at this office.
June 16 ?
IWILX atteud daily, from 9 a. m. to 12
m...at the Council Room, (formerly Odd
Fallows'School room.) for the purpose of
collecting CITY TAXES. In view of the
urgent necessities of the City Council, it is
honed that all tax-payers will be prompt.
A. G. BASKIN,
June 8 City Clerk.
DRY GOODS, IC, &C.
KENNETH & GIBSON,
At Robert Bryce's Old Stand,
ACHOICE ASSORTMENT of Goods,
consisting io part of :
1,200 lbs. choice BACON.
7 bbh. FLOUR.
100 boxes No. 1 HERRIN03.
ft English Dairy CHEESE, ,
5 bbls. BUTTER CRACKERS.
6 boxes FAMILY SOAP.
5 " CORN STARCH. .
0 doa. BROOMS.
60ojvards pure MADDER PRINTS.
600 " " Checked English ALPACA.
100 .?? " j CAMBRIC.
500 ?' superior LONG CLOTH.
COLOGNE, JELLIES, BLACKING.
Windsor Soap. Hair and Tooth Brushes.
Dressing and Fine Tooth Combs.
Sweet Oil, Gent's Paper Oollars.
Sugars, Locks, Smoking Pipes.
And varioua.oth.er articles too numerous
to mention. June 12
Headers Provisional Brigade,
COLUMBIA, S. C., JUNK 9, 1S65.
To the Freedmen:
THE time has come for 'you all to do
your best to show that you are fit to be
free men in this great Republic. Observe
sacredly the marriage tie. Learn toread
and write. No one mast leave his wife,
children or aged parents while he cnn
assist them- Thieves and idlers and peo?
ple strolling about the country wiil be
punished. Be prudent, and quiet, and or?
derly. If you have trouble, report it to
the'military authorities. This year you
cannot do much more than get a living
for yourselves and families; those will get
the best pay next year who work tba best
Let no one be either proud or ashamed
of the form or color that God has given
him. Be proud of the chance to do for
yourselves and for each other.
(Signed.) A. S. HARTWELL,
June 10 Brevet Brigadier-General.
Headq'rs Provisional Brigade,
COLUMBIA, S. C., JOKE 9, 18G5.
GENERAL ORDER NO. 12.
THE attention of this command is called
to existing orders against marauding
and foraging. Officers and men are far
ther ordered to avoid all unnecessary dis
cu9sion on public matters with those who,
after these years of blood and suffering,
stjll do not acquiesce in the result of bat?
tle and in the policy of the General Go?
vernment Courtesy to all ia the part of
a soldier. Information will be given when?
ever desired. Sympathy for those in sor?
row and affliction is felt by no one quicker
than by the soldier; but no soldier ?an
forget what he has fought for, and what
his brothers have died to support-the
Union, Constitution and laws and free
Government-now. as the re.sd.lt of the
war, accorded to all classes; nor can he
forget the dignity of his Government and
his own dignity as its representative, in
dealing with those who now either secretly
or openly scoff atilio.se sacred prinoiples.
Contracts between masters and servant?
will set forth in word? the freedom of the
latter, and will be witnessed by a United
States officer and by a civilian. It is for
the interest of the people that these rela?
tions be amicably adjusted without delay.
Cases of difficulty will be examined and
tried by military authorities.
No privileges or advantages whatsoever
will be granted those who do not declare
their allegiance to the United States Go?
vernment, acting in good faith according
to that declaration.
This order will be published to the en?
! By order ot A. S. HARTWELL,
I Brevet Brig. Gen.
j Official: G?o. F. MCKAT, 1st Lieut, an
A. A, A. G. pine 9
Headq'rs United States Forcee,
CITY OF COLUMBIA. S. C..
MAT 27, 18C5.
GENERAL ORDERS NO 4. .
IN order to prevent any disturbance -which
may arise from the improper use of in?
toxicating liquor", it is hereby ordered
that, for the present, no intoxicating li?
quor? -will be sold or given away to any
citizen or soldier, unless permission is
granted from these headquarters. Any
one found guilty of disobeying this order,
will not only have his goods confiscated,
but will be subject to punishment by mili*
tary law. By command of
Lieut. Col. N. HAUGHTON,
W. J. KYLE, Lieut 25th 0. V. V. 1. and
Pest Adjutant. may 2'J
Headq'rs United States Forces,
CITY OF COLUMBIA. S. C.,
MAY 27. :865.
GENERAL ORDERS NO. 3.
\ LL citizens having in their possession
.?JL any property that rightfully belongs
to the United Stat PS Government, accord?
ing to the terms of surrender of Gen. Jos.
E. Johnston, C. S. A.. to Gen. W. T. Sher?
man, U.S. A., will immediately report the
same to these headquarters.
Persons having mules, horses and wa?
gons, will, for the present, be permitted to
retain the same for the purpose of carry?
ing on their work. Any person- failing to
comply with this order within a reasona?
ble time, will not only be deprived of any
farther usu of said property, but will also
subject themselves to punishment by milt
tary authority. By command of
Lieut. C'd. 25th O: V. V.,
Com'dg Citv of Columbia, S. C.
, W. J. KTI.E, Lieut. 25th O. V. V. I. and
Post Adjutant. may" 29
Headq'rs United States Forces,.
CITY OF COLUMBIA, S. C.,
MAY 27. 1865.
GENERAL ORDERS NO. 2.
INFORMATION having been received at
theso headquarters of the exist ence of
arm?."! bauds of marauders infesting the
country and committing depredations oh
the ; '?...perty of peaceful citizens, it is
hereby ordered that all persons composing
such will be considered and treated as
outlaws, and if caught, will receive the
severest punishment ot military'law.
The Utiiti-d States Government is desir?
ous of protecting all peaceful and law
abiding citizens, and they will cuufcr a
favor on these headquarters, and do justice
to themselves, by giving any information
they may have iu theic possession respect?
ing thc names and movemeuts of such
bands, and, if possible, aiding in their
The time has arrived when it behooves
every citizen to do all in his power to
assist the military forces of the United
States to restore peace and harmony
throughout the land. By order of
Lieut. Col. N. HAUGHTON,
25th 0. V. V. I, Com'dg U. S. Forces, .
City of Columbia.
W. J. KTI?, 2d Lieut. 25 th O. V. V. I.
and Post Adjutant. may 29
Headquarters, Northern District,
DEPARTMENT OF THE SOUTH,
. CHARLESTON, S. 0., April 25, 1865.
Circular to Planters, etc.
"^fUMEROUS ap'plieations have been.
JL.\ made to me for information as to the
polioy to be adopted on the subject of
All can understand the importance of
making a crop the present season, and
foresee the misery and suffering consequent
upon it^ failure.
In the present unsettled state of the
country, and in the absence of any r? cog?
nized State authorities, I find it my duty
to assume control of the plantations near
the military lines, and order ns follows.
lat. The planters, after taking the oath
of allegiance, will assemble the freedmen
[lately their slaves) and inform them that
they are free, and that henceforth they
must depend upon their own exertions fur
2d. Equitable contracts in witing will
be made by the owners of the land with
the freedmen for the cultivation of the
land during the present year.
Payment will be made in kind, and the
allowance of one half the crop is recom?
mended as fair compensation for tho labor,
tho landlord furnishing subsistence tittii
th> crop is gathered.
Then; Contracte will be submitted to the
nearest military or naval commander f?r
approval and indorsement
When the above requirements are com?
plied with, proteetion will be granted as
far as military necessity will allow; but
where no contract is made, the crop raised
will be'eonsidered forfaited for the use of
the laborers. Should the owner? refuse ta
cultivate it, they will be eooaidered as en?
deavoring to embarrase the Government
and the land will be used for colonies af
the freedmen from the interior
JOHN P. HATCH,
Jun? .1 Brig.- G?n. Commanding.