Newspaper Page Text
$1 a Month, in Advance. ''Let our just Censure attend the tmo Even*."-Shaksprare. Single Copies Five Cents
By J. A. SELBY. . COLtJMBIA, S. C., FRIDAY MORNING, MAY 19, 1865. VOL. l.-NO. 43.
THE COLUMBIA PHOENIX,
PUBLISHED DAILY, EXCEPT SUNDAY,
BY JULIAN A. SELBY.
Six months, - - - - $5
One month, - 1
One square, (ten lines,) une tinea, 50 et?
Subsequent insertions. - 35 cts
Special notices ten cents per line.
Prom the Poets.
The sudden -cnscude at your side,
? Close crouching long in laurel shade,
Leaps headlong .down, from cliff* of pride,
To glens remote, and vallina wide.
Its presence in its flight betray'd.
THE MOUNTAIN?. *
Masses of might, in blue thai. ria?.
To commune with yet bluer^skies.
And on their solemn fronts that, wear
The thunder-scars of many a year;
Meet justice for that haughty aim,
That ?eeks Heaven'? starry homes, find,
Of hostile fortune, grasps at Tame,
Made glorious even by blast ?nd blight.
Thrice .shielded in the conflict ?Hill is he.
Who. in the immeasurable might of love,
Still ready for all sacrifice, devotes
His manhood, and the promise of his days,
To the one object precious ii? his faith.
His power how boundless still, throughout
For soothing absolute sorrow, grim as
Whi< h yt. death brings not. He endures,
ii OL dies.
And conquer*, though a thousand times
TUC NEW MOON.
"While we have hem ts that lore, we do uot
Without emotion of humanity,
-Sweetening and softening ns a close in
The sad ?-elipse of that maternal star.
Whose loving light, so d?-ar toidi that love,
<Jnes ont, till but a silver thread remains,
Uutoueh'd by dark, about her. ample
A thread to bind, as with a g?lden hope,
Our hearts to hope again for all her
Tho Chase Faction on Negro Suf
frage-Tho Vagabond Sanders oe
Two remarkable political manifestoes
will bm found in another part of thu
, paper. The one is addressed 'To th?
Friends of Humanity ani Justice,
?nd co nes frotn the radical negro suf
?frage faction of which Chief Justice
.Clia.sn is the chief engineer and lVe
tudential champion; and the other i
from the rebel. vagabond and outlaw
George 2J. Sanders, in " nada, ad
dressed 'To thu Pal riots; of the South'
i. e." the rebels-on Southern rights
* and the way to secure those rights bj
? Southern votes. The tie^r? sn liragi
circular unquestionably lays down tin
campaign issue of Judge Chase for th<
Presidency, and we think it quite pru
liable that some such Northern an?
Southern copperhead and rebel prc
gramme as that suggested by Sander
will guide a radical Presidential move
nient on tho other extreaie.
The negro suffrage mauifesto, ema
nat'mg doubtless from the getter3-up t
tho late Coo.per Institute meeting i
honor of General Grant, starts frot
.the text-'Shall colored loyal cit'Zer
of the United States be deprived i
the vole while it is given to whi'
traitor??' 'Shall traitors (whites) I
rewarded for their treason by g-ivir
them the franchise, while loyal nu
(the Southern blacks) are punished I
their loy.'dty by taking it awa)
These questions are repeated in vario
modifications', and then follows t!
assertion that 'the proposition to ci
prive tho loyal colored citizens of tbi
ilote, and to fut over and against the
the sole power of tho Slate Govei
ments-South-into the Lands
rebels, ia the great measure of reec.
ptrttction proclaimed by Preside
Johnson.' The question is next put
'Shall thid proposed measure of t
present Administration bofc sanction
aud sustained?' And then this call
made upon the people. 'Let 1
Here we have uot only the party
and the issue for a direct fight with
the Administration, but a declaration
of war and an appeal to the people.
Then we have numerous quotations
from high authorities in support.of
negro suffrage, und numerous prece?
dents of its exercise, North and South,
to show that this extension of the suf?
frage is not only right and proper, and
not at all dangerous, but that, as
things now stand down South, it i->
absolutely necessary fur the public
safety. This circular will be sown
broadcast North and South, and upon
the sharply defined- issue presented
between the claims of the loyal black
population of the South through all
the war, and the disloyal whites, it will
have a very considerable influence
upon the public mimi, especially in tho
North. Meantime Judge Chase is
making a tour of the Southern States,
and??3 doing all he can in favor of
negro suffrage in that quarter. His
retainers will probably follow with
such appeals to the Southern emanci?
pated blacks as may render them dif?
ficult of riianflgetneiit until they get
the concession of the right to vote.
There is still this other argument pre?
sented in support of this concession;
that without it the unconverted South?
ern rebel whites will carry the vote of
every Southern State, in every shape
and form, in favor of the repudiation
of the National debt-Jeff's debt
having been settled in that way, Iiis
original Mississippi plan of repudiation.
So much for the platform and pro?
gramme of Judge Chase for the sue
cession against the administration ol
President Johnson. Wheh it is re?
membered, too, that Judge Chase has
H. powerful body of electioneering fol?
lowers in the custom houser, interna!
revenue officers and other Treasury
agents, President Johnson, for the
unity of his administration, may find
it necessary before long lo put in
practice, on an extensive scale, hit
favorite doctrine of rotation. The
Scriptural maxim upon which Abra?
ham ?Lincoln brought himself into thc
foreground as a great political leadei
in 1S59, against Douglas, was this
that *a house divided against it?el
cannot stand.' The unity of the Re
publican party is a small matter; bu'
the unity of nil the working machinen
of the Administration U a thing o
some practical importance, aud par
licujarly in this great work of recon
strflction. Chief Justice Chase ant
his radical negro suffrage faotion an
in the way to make some trouble ii
the Administration camp, and betweei
the two races in the South, and in th<
country r.t Targe, and ihe Presiden
should look into this business.
The manifesto of Sanders si m pb
means another political organization ii
the South for another..rebellion.* IT
has the same opinion of Presiden
Johnson that he and Booth and Com
pany had .of President Lincoln-lie i
a 'tyrant.' Sanders does not like inn
and suggests to the beaten rebels tba
they perjure themselves freely, an
that they call upon their Norther
friends to meet them in convention i
New York to 'organize a great Ni
tional party, such as will deter th
pTolligate President and his provo;
spies trom laying their brutal han?;
upon inoffending men, women, an
children,' referring, we"presume> t? l'
capture of Jeff. Davis and bis part
If any thing will serve to turn tl
?cale at Washington in favor of imm
d?ate and universal negro suffrage, th
programme of Sanders, if attempte
j will do it We suspect that it will I
President Johnson, in view of tl
difficulties with which he has to gra
pie, on the right hand and the le
will probably be constrained to call i
extra session of Congress. Whatev
be may do in the interval to. Decet
ber, in the wty of reconstructs
without Congress, will be subject tot
question of approval or rejection
Cu?igreu. Beside?, lhi?? whole bu
ness of suffrage should now be regu?
lated by an amendment of the Federal
Constitution, and in view of the great
political revolution in which we are
still involved, there are ot??er cousti
tutional amendments necessary to
meet the new order of thuigs before
us. For these purposes a Convention
of all the States would, perhaps, he
the best beginning; but even in this
view tho shortest roaS to the object
leads through an extra session of Con?
gress.-New' York Herald. m\
MORMONS ON THEIR WAY TH THE
NEW JKUV.SAI.EM.-(Jn Thursday last,
630 converts to Mormonism landed at
Castle Garden, New York, fresh
from Europe. One-half were femal.es..
Nearly every age was represented.
558 Mormons from Hamburg, chiefly
North Germans, aro now on the way
to New York. Tho World says that
tho mass of "these emigrants are now
profoundly ignorant,- That paper
Ao?t t&>-thitds of them were Eng?
lish, of the extremest cockney reli?
gion. Mormonism may cure the souls
of these but it cannot mend their
dialect. They took possession of the
land as soon as they arrived on it,
dropped .their bags, beds, and tinnery
immediately, and taking huge clasp
knives from their pockets began to cut
bread and cheese, poking it down their
throats with the knife. The Londoner
was there-he who' goes out for a
thoughtful walk on Sabbath mon.ing
with a bull terri o v under his, arm;
the Manchester man, stoop backed by
working at the loom, and heaps ol'
Welehmen, short of body and solid
face. These Welch are obeying iii
this immigalion an ethnological, rather
than a reftgious law. They have
resisted for centuries any effort, to be
denationalized, or to absorb their lan?
guage and habits in those of their
conquerors. So they are quitting their
Welch mountain-* for the valley of
Deseret, and accepting polygamy for
the sake of a sanctuary.
Thc lan i which produced Goethe
and Lessing contributed to the scene at
Castle Garden many buxom maidens
in blue stockings and short petticoats,
whom bonnets were, an aversion and
teeth brushes in vain. They will doubt?
less make excellent wives in the New
Jerusalem, bu'- one of them should he
enough for ordinary human nature.
Tiiey ate their lunch in our presence,
ami judging by its amount wc thought
it, their day's ration. Theru were some
Scotch in the party, and we were told,
three Irishmen. It is not, probable
that t'ne Scotch converts will become
extensive polygamists, if expense is
to be the leading feature* of tho Mor?
mon economy. The Irish Mormons'
lotiked out of place. Paddy, with
four wives'eft his arm, would cut an
awkward figure anywhere.
A QfiBKR LETTER.-The Washing?
ton Star say* the paper in einher
found floating in the dock at More?
head City, N. C., on the 2d of March,
lias been turnet! over to the Govern?
ment officer?.- It has been literally
translated, and is as follows:
WAS;I!XI;TON, Ar.til 15, 1SG5.
Dear John-I am happy to inform
you that Pet has done his work well.
Ile is safe. Old Abe is in hell now.
Sir, all eyes are on you. You' inuit'
Urin<jr Sherman. Grant is in the hands
of Old Gray ere this. Kel Shoes
showed a lack of nerve hi Seward's
cate, hut he fell back in good order.
Johnson must come. Old Crvok has
him in charge. Mind weil thc Bro?
thers' oath, you will have a difficulty.
All will bc safe, and we will enjov the
fruits of our labor?. O. B., No. 65.
There are trees so tall in Wisconsin
that it takes two men and a boy fo
look to the top of them. Ono looks
till ito gets t;rcd, ar..i another com?
mences where he left off.
W. T. S n?th, British Coasul for Savan
aah, arrived in that eir.y va the J4th ins?.
For any Point. *
?jgmg, A GOOD CARRIAGE, carjry
ejgESS^*-jpg four persons, and a DOUBLE
BlGuV, carrying three, can be had to
convey passengers to any point, by apply?
ing at this otiicc. juue 22 2*
WEBSTER'S Elementary SPELLERS.
New York PRIMERS.
School SLATES, Soapstone PENCILS.
COl'Y BOOKS, (Superior paper.)
INK. in convenient elanda.
Just received by P. B. GLA^S.
Bookseller and Stationer,
Plain street, bet. Bull and Piekeus.
June 22 2
RARE ^D^E^?TS !
rpHE DAILY NEWS, published nt
JL Winnsboto, S. C., offers GREAT IN?
DUCEMENTS to the merchants of Colum?
bia as au advertising medi#m between
them acd the merchants of Winnsboro. "
The merchants of Winnsboro arc, in a
great measure, dependent upon the mer?
chants of Columbia for their supplies; and
ns to their always knowing what supplies
the merchants of Columbia have on hand,
the NEWS offers the inducement of a me
drum between them.
All advertisements left at the Pheonix
Office for publication in the NEWS, will,
as soon as practicable, appear in Winus
>fcoro, when tho ' merchants of Winnsboro
can always see what attractions the mer?
chants of Columbia offer them for purchas?
ing their commodities.
Advertisements will be inserted at (for
? square of eight lines or less) fifty cents
for t he first, and thirty-ti ve cents for each
subsequent publication, invariably in ad?
All communications left, at the Phoenix
Office will he promptly attended to. Ad?
vertisements can also he forwarded per
Expie?*, and in each cAse must he accom
paiticd with the money. Advertisements
will bc inserted to the value of thenioney
sent. Address J. E BRITTON.
Editor arni Prop'r "The Daily News,"
June 23 ft? ' Winnsboro, S. C.
CHOICE ARTICLES !
ESSENTIAL OILS of ?BERGAMOT,
PEPPERMINT. LEMON. ANISEED.
LAVENDER. Also. SEIDLITZ JPOW
DERS, CUM ASSAFOTJDA. PEPPER,
SPICE CLOVES, STRENGTHENING
PLASTERS, SUGAR OF LEAD, SENNA.
BLUESTONE, Tartaric Acid. Elm, Lico?
rice, Ground Flax Seed, Bermuda Arrow
Root, White Vitriol, Cream of Tartar,
Castor Oil, Turpentine, Opium, Morphine,
Blue Mass, l?artshorn. Copaiva, Calomel,
Dover's Powder, Iodide of Potash, Qui?
nine, Caustic, Hippo, Rhubarb, Jalap, Gum
Arabic, Calcined Magnesia, Silts, Glyce?
rine, Ammonia, Mustard, Aloes, ^idigo.
? Brown's Essence Ginger. Dalley's Pain
Extractor, McAllister's Ointineut. Sozo
dont for the teeth. AXI> ' -
j Hair Ihushes, (tombs. Matches, Tobac?
co, Spanish Segars, Pipe? Ink. Paper,
Pens, Coffee, Green Tea. Sugars. Cologne
Water. Pomade?, Black and Brown Cos
metique, Castile and Toilet Soaps. Cotton
Thread, Pms, Needles, Shoe Brushes,
Cards. Together with lt fine assortment
of Lubin's Extracts, Flavoring Essences,
Mrs. Winslow's Soothing Syrup for Chit
i dren,? Mercurial Ointment, Isinglass and
I Adhesive Plaster, and a variety of other
articles, for sale by
i DR. P MELVIN COHEN,
Druggist nnd Apothecary,
Bickens street, at head ot Lady.st.
I Prescriptions prepared by an experienced
apothecary, as above. June 23 fm2*
j AiClittBSTY -
THE TERMS OF PARDON
Piroclamation by the President of the
United States of America.
Whereas the President of the United
States, on tlifl 8th day of December. A. I), j
1863, and on the 2?th day of March, A. D.
ISM. with the object to suppress the >ex
isting rebellion, to induce al! persons to I
return to their loyalty and to restore the I
authority of the United States, issuo pro?
clamations offering amnesty and pardon to
certain persons who had, directly or by
implication, participated in the said rcbcl
' lion; and whereas many persons, who had
eo engaged in said rebellion, have, since
the issuance of sahl proclamation, failed
or neglected to take the benefits offered
thereby: and whereas many persous, who
have bucu justly deprived of al! claim"to
amnesty and pardon thereunder by reason
of their participation, directly or by im
j plication, in said rebellion and continued
J hostility to the Government of the United
j-States since tho date ol' said proclamation,
nov desire to apply for and obtain ara?es
I r.y and* pardon:
To the end, therefore, tiiot tbfeauthority
of the Government of the United States
may be restored, and that peace, order and *
freedom may ha established,*I, Andrew
.lohnst)^ President of the United States,
do proflaim and declare 1 hat I hereby
grant to all persons who have directly or
indirectly participated in the existing
rebellion, except as hereinafter excepted,
amnesty ano pardon, with restoration of
all rights of property, except as to ?laves,
and except in cases where legal proceed?
ing, under the laws of the United States
providing for the confiscation of property
oi persons Engaged in rebellion, have been
instituted, but ontlic condition, neverthe?
less, that every swelt person srfiall take and
subscribe the following oath or nffirma- ,
tion, and thenceforward keep and main
Pain said oath inviolate, and which oath
Khali be registered for permanent preser?
vation, and shall be of the tenor afid effect
following, to w?t:
I,-, do solemnly swear or
affirm, in presence of Almighty. God, that
I will henceforth faithfully eujfport and
defend ihv Constitution of the United
Stales and the Union of the States there?
under, and that I wilj in like manner
abide by and faithfully support all laws
and proclamations which have been made
during the' existing rebellion with refer?
ence to the emancipation of.slavs- So
help mc God.
The following class of persons are ex?
empted from the benefits of this procla?
1st. All who are, or shall have been,
pretended civil or diplomatic officers, or
otherwise, domestic or foreign agents of
the pretended Confederate Government.
2d. who left judicial stations under
the UiiiteTl States to aid in the rebellion.
3d. All who shall have been military or
naval officers of said pretended Con fed e;
rate Government above the rank of colonel
in thc army or lieutenant in the navy.
4th. All tVho left seats ii .thc Congr?ps
of the United States to aid thc rebellion.
5th. All who resigned or tendered resig?
nations ol their commissions in the army
or navy of the United States to evade duty
in resisting thc rebellion.
6t.h. All who have engaged in any way
in treating otherwise than lawfully as pri?
soners of war persons found in the United
States*service, as officers, soldiers, seamen
or in other capacities.
7th. All persons who have been or are
absentees from the United -States for the
purpose of aiding the rebellion. *
8th. All military and naval officers in
the rebel service who were educated by
t the Government, in the Military Academy
at West Point or the United States Naval
9th. All persons who held the pretended
offices of Governor of States in insurrec?
tion against the United States.
10th. All persons who l<.ft their homes
within the jurisdiction and protection bf
the United States, and passed beyond the
Federal military lines into the so-called
Confederate States for the purpose of aid?
ing the rebellion.
llth. Ali perron* who have been en?
gaged in the destruction of-the conferee
of the United States fl ?ion the high seas,
and who have made raids into the United
States from Canada, or been engaged in
destroying the commerce 'bf the United
States upon"the laites and rivers that sepa?
rate th*e British provinces from the United
12th. Andersons who, at thc time when
they seek to obtain the benefits hereof by
taking the oaih herein prescribed, are in
military, naval or civil confinement or .
custod3', or under bonds of the civil, mili?
tary or naval authorities of ageuts of the
United State?, ns prisoners of war or per?
sons detained for offences of any kind,
either before or after conviction.
13th. All persons who have voluntarily
participated in said rebellion, and the esti?
mated value of whose taxable property is
over twenty thousand dollars.
UtlWAll persons who have taken the
oath of amnesty as prescribed iji the Pre?
sident's proclamation of December 8, A.
D. i 805, or an oath ef allegiance ?to the
Government of the United States since tho
dato of said proclamation, and who have
not thenceforward kept and maintained
the same inviolate,
i Provided, that special application may
die made to the President for pardon by
any person belonging to the excepted
classes, and such clemency \*ill be libe
rally extended as may be consistent with
I the facts of the case and the peace and >
! dignity of thc United States.
The Secretary of State will establish
rules and regulations for administering and
recording the said .amn-jsty oath, so as to
insure its benefit to thc people and guard
the Government against fraud,
l^i testimony whereof, I have hereunto set
my haBd and caused the seal of the
United States to be affixed.
Done at thc cit j- of Wuahington, the 29th
day of May, in the year of our Lord
1865. and of tho independence of the
! United States the eighty-ninth.
Ey the President:
I WM. H. SXVMLJ), 3ecr*ra.-y of State.