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$1 a Month, in Advance. ''Let our just Censure attend the tmo Even*."-Shaksprare. Single Copies Five Cents
By J. A. SELBY. . COLtJMBIA, S. C., FRIDAY MORNING, MAY 19, 1865. VOL. l.-NO. 43.
THE CQLUMBIA PHONIX,
I'UgLIStlED DAlLY.'liXCEPT SUNDAT,
BY JULIANA. SELBY.
TERMS-IX ADVANCE: .
Pix months, * - - - $5
One month, .... i
On? square, (ten lines,) one time, 50 eta
Subsequent iv?sertiops. - 35 cts
Special notices ten cents per line.
Night Yields at Last to Dawn.
Nitrht j-ields nt last to dawn;
Wc may not always grieve;
Though, when the cWuds be gone,
Tiieir shadows still they leave.
The memory of the hour.
Which brought the soul's worst p.iin,
Hath still ii mournful power
Upon the troubled brain.
The peace that follows slow.
Is peuce within the shade;
Sweet, hut without thu glow.
That once our rapture made.
A t wilight of the heart
Not dusk, nor partly bright;
We see the day depart,
Lut feel it is not night.
Some rosy tints that gleam
Upon the placid sky, >
Sooth, like the music in a dream,
And bless us though they fly.
Thc dawn that wakes the dav,
Brings the gay sun no niorJ*
Lut, in Iiis milder ray.
We know the storm is o'er.
That night of storm, whose wrath
On love's glad vessel blown.
Loft strew'd ou memory's path,
T!ie broken wrecks ulone.
We feel secure at last,
Though hieing nil our store,
Since, blow whatever blast,
Our hearts can lose no more.
_ S. E. M..
In fashionable circles a good deal of
amusements is cleated bv a now
custom which threatens altogether to
supersede tiie old fashioned albnm,
which had got to besuch a horrid bore.
An elegant volume is set?t you, entitled
"Confessions," containing a series of
questions to which you nre to return
:ni answer.The book thus filled, affords
Your fiieods a considerable amount of
amusement. The questions thus asked
are as follows: Your favorite virtues,
your favorite qualities in niau; ditto in
woman; your favorite occupation;
your chief characteristic; vour idea of
happiness; your idea ol misery; your
favorite color and flower. If not
Yourself whom you would be; where
you would like to live; your favorite
prose authors; your favorite poets;
your favorite painters and composers;
your favorite hero, s in real life; your
favorite heroines in real life; your
favorite Heroes in fiction; your favorite
heroines in fiction; your lavorite food
and drink; your favorite names; your
pet aversions; what characters iu his
lory you most dislike; what your
present state of mind is; for what fault
yon have most toleration-yourfavorj
ile motto. (_)l course, a little flattery
is allowable and expected. If a lady
asks you where you would'like to live,
while the prosaic writes on "a gravej
soil," tho gay cavalier replies, "With
von." He is also to be forgiven, if,
in answer to the question of your idea
of happiness, he replies, "To look at
you;" or gives I he lady's name, "when
asked his lavorite name.
The real object of education is, to
give children re-ources that will endure
as long as Ile end nie.*; habits that will
ameliorate but not destroy; occupation
that will render sickness tolerable,
solitude pleasant, age venerable, life
more dignified and useful, and death
Tho slave trade, is still active on
sorao parts of the const of*Africa.
The New Orleans correspondent
of thc Nw York Herald, writing
under date of June 10, says:
RETURN OF GEN. BEAUREGARD.
Among the first to return was Gen.
? Beauregard and staff, surrendered with
Johnson's command. Immediately
af;er that even,:, our creole General,
who had ventured all in the struggle,
believed it would be unwise to con?
tinue the unavailing contest. He
therefore parted with his old friends
and took the first tram to Mobile,
whence he came to this city by boat.
Along the streets had assembled im
meuse crowds to receive ?bim, but the
General took horse immediately after
landing, and proceeded to his old home
in ^Esplanade, through thc unfrequent?
ed avenues. The next morning he
and his son obtained passes lor the
Villero plantation, some, fifteen miles
below the cityj where they still are.
Gen. Beauregard's first wife was a
Villere; the second, Caroline Deslonde,
sister of Mr?. Slidell, now in Paris.
Both belonged to tho best ereole fa?
milies of Louisiana, and were beloved
by all who knew them. She that was
Miss Deslonde died ia this city about
a year ago, while the General was at
Charleston, and her funeral was one of
thc largest ever known. Gen. Beau?
regard's future plans are not known.'
As he is among the 'excepted1 -of the
amnesty proclamation, both on account
bf his rank and edtfcnfjon at West
Point, he will probably await the
action of the - Government. He is in
robust health, as rs also his son, who
returns with him. The various mem?
bers of his military family have re?
sumed their former avocations in this
LIEUT. GKS. DICK TAYLOR
Was also among the first to return
.not to his horne; that was long since
destroyed or confiscated. He is like?
wise in robust health; but of his plans,
if any he has, nothitig is known. As,
on account bf his rank, lie is among
the 'excepted,' he will also probablv
await the action of Government io
some parallel case. His staff have,
returned to peaceful life. General
Taylor was the heir of a-Iarge fortune
Oom his father, Old Zachary, and also
came into possession of considerable
property upou marriage; but he has
lost all. "
GEN. BRAXTON B"RAGG.
This gentleman, who was a planter
an the Lafourche before the war, has
not yet returned. Ile is said to be in
sxceilent health, and is probably de?
tained by private business.
ADMIRAL RAPHAEL SEMMES.
Captain, or rather Admiral, Semmes, ,
af the Alabama, is also expected here
<o?n. He is a native of Maryland,
jut long before the war had made his
riome here in common with two
brothers-the one Senator in the rebel
Congress, the other surgeon in the
OCCUPATION OK THE RETURNED.
The most of the young men who
lave leturned have gone back to their '?
jld places where homes have not been
Droken tip. In many cases their \
platts were long preserved for them '
ind their regular salaries paid them (
ill the occupation of New Orleans. A '
^rcat many, however, are still out of
?in ploy ment, although it is probable '
.be expanding business of the city will
soon make places for them. 1
EMIGRATION TO MEXICO.
A good many Loui>ianians who
3rst went out in the war and up in
Virginia, subsequently found their
way aero?? the A?.s. ijHppi, and will
.henna go to Mexico. There has been
;ome-taik among those who have re?
lumed here about emigrating to that
country; but it is now over, ft has
generally been discouraged by the ju?
dicious; besides, New Orleans is such
a delightful home and residence that
lew natives can be induced togo away
to live exiles in a foreign land.
EMIGRATION To BRAZIL.
There has, also, beeu some talk of
going to Brazil; but this, ? think. o;i
gihated either with rebel naval officers
personally acquainted with those
shores, or with thc inhabitants ot' tile
lower coast, who think they caunol
live without negro slavery. Most of
the talk about Brazil. has been among
these planters; but they are fast giving
up the idea. It is practically impos?
sible, indeed, for they could not carry
their negroes with them, and property
would have to be *oki at a greatsacri
fice. The expense o'f the voyage lo
Brazil, and ?d' life there till something
could be raised, wourkl also bo consid?
erable and beyond the means of most
people. The valley of thc 'Amazon is
the country most,talked about.
RETURN OF BUSINESS PROSPERITY.
. The probability is that all these
schemes will be given up, and jibe
whole people of Louisiana will settle
down again in their old homes. They
were impracticable scheme.-", all of
them, and originated with those who,
having been 'out* in the war, felt
uneasy for 'the moment or apprehen?
sive of the future.
Already the- Crescent City looks
like tho good ol.d generous Crescent
City of old. Business houses, with
the same old familiar names are fast
reopenng. and the sam . fautiliarforms
aou*1 faces are seen it: thc streets as in
the good old days of yore. ?Saunter?
ing down Camp or Canal, or St. Charles,
or Chartres, or Royal, any of our fine
fresh mornings, ort riding down iu the
cars, you would hardly think we bad
passed through lour years of disastrous
war, ami most of us had been 'out' in
it. Even the creole elegants have the
same nonchalant, manner, and the ,
creole girls the sanie airy, gossamer I
style. The St. Ctitiries is Hardly the j
old St. Charles Vol. and tile St. Louis j
is no!; but the 'Pic' is still alive; I
Canal street is just as gay, atkd Esp?a- j
nade and the Garden District justas
inviting as ever before.
. K IRBY SMITH GON-i: TO MEXICO. ^ I
The f?*hel General Kirby Smith is j
said to have lek Galveston for the Rio |
Grande with only a body guard, and ?
to have arrived s.vely in Mexico with ?
a larg?? amount o: money. Ile took
but little cotton with him. This is
the report of paroled) rebel prisoners
who have recently arrived. They .?Iso j
state that Magruder has goue to the I
same country, after being hissed and j
hooted a't by his men.
CHIEF JU3TICK CH A.SK IN NEW ORLEANS.
The principal obj.-cl of attraction
here at the present time is Chief Jus?
tice Chase. He arrived here* a few
days since, and has been the guest of
Mr. May, United States Assistant
Treasurer. The Chief Justice has
been very active since his arrival, and
visited most of the principal places of
interest, cot only in the city buttha
adjacent country. On \\ edncsday he
visiied the fair, now being given on
Esplanade street, by the colored'ladies'
of the city, and for the benefit of their
people. This fair, curious enough, is
given in the old mansion of. Hon.
Pierre Soule, once United Stales Sena?
tor, and .Minister Plenipotentiary to
Spain. It was built just before the
war from money received by Mr.
Soule for legal servies to Don Tomas
Marin, representative own?r oi bouie
steamers, captured by th'' liberals, of
Mexico, and some adventurous Ainu
ricans during the Mexican war. The
whole amount- ?if the tee was said to
be $50,000. Mr. Soule lived in this
Fiouse till he was sent by Gen. Buller
to Fort La fay efe, since which time he
bas alternated between Richmond,
Havana and Mexico. Ile is now
living on a plantation near Puebla.
Last evening Mr. Chase was given a.
small patty at the house of a relative,
Mr. Higgins, on Jackson street, a;
which many of our most prominent
public men were present. Hu has
made a very favorable, impression upon
our people. Ha loaves for up tie
river very soon.
Gold, in New York, on 17th. Ul.
HILLEL AND MAIM?N.-The,? wiso
Hillel had a disciple whose name
was Maim?n; aud "Hillel rejoiced in
the disposition of the* youth and his
?rood understauding. But soon be
perceived that Maim?n trusted too
much iu his own. wisdom, ?nd at last
entirely gave up prayer.
For the young man said in his
heart: ''What is the use of prayer?
Docs the All wise need Cur words in
order that He should help ?% .and
give-to us? If so, Ile would be as a
child of earth. Can human prayers
and sighs after the counsels of the
Eternal? W.ill not the AU bountiful
"of himself give us all that is good and
?ttiug?' Such were the thought? of
But Hillel was troubled in his foul
tliat Maim?n should think himself
wiser than the Di/ine Word, and he
resolved to give him a lesson. #
Cae day that Maim?n went to see
him Hillel wai silting in his garden
under i he shadow of trie palm trees,
his head leaning on his hand in deep
thought. Maim?n questioned bim
saying: 'Master, ou what art thou
'ihon Hillel raised his head and
spake ?in these words: 'Behold, I
have a friend who lives on the pro?
duce of his inheritance which he bas
hit!.(-rta cultivated with care, so that it
richly repaid bis labours. But now
he has thrown aside tho plough and
the pick axe, and is determined to
leave the land to itself. And thus he
will fall into poverty and want.'
'Hus a spirit ol'discontent possessed
hi* soul, or is lie become a fool?' asked
the youth. 'Neither,'answered Hillel
Mle is experienced ia godly aud huma:
wisdom and ol' pious mind. But hi
says: .'The Lord is Almighty, ant
he ?ari bestow iood upon me withou
my bending my head to the earth
and He is'good, and will surely bless
my bon rd and open-His liberal hand.
And who can contradict this?'
s-'What!' exclaimed the youth, 'is no
that tempting the Lord? tfast' thoi
not told him so, Rabboti?' Thet
Hillel smiled, and said: 'I will tell hiu
so. Thou beloved Mainfon art thi
friend of whom I speak.'
'I?' said the disciple with horror
But the old man answered and 6aid
.Dost, nor thou .tempt the Lord? I
prayer less than* labor, and spiiitua
gifts of less value than tho fruits of th
tield? And he who bids thee bend th;
head towards the grcu?d for the Puk
of earthly fruits, is He other tha
Him who bids thee lift thy bead to
wards heaven to receive beaven!;
blessings? Oh! my son, be humble
believe, and pray'.'
Thu-: spa*e Hillel and looked up t
heaven. Hut Maim?n w?nt home an
ind prayed, and his life became one <
piety -Kr minna cher
A French writer has said, that 1
Iream gloriously, you ftiust act glor
uisly while you are awake; aud !
iring angels down to_-converse wit
loxx in your sleep, you must labor i
he cause of virtue during the day.
THE TERMS OF PARDON.
Proclamation by the President cf tl
United States of America.
Whereas the President of the Uniti
. tates, on the isth <lny of Decenter. A. i
SiiS, and on the 26lh day of Murch, A. '.
864, with the ohject to suppress the c
sting rebellion, to induce all persons
?turn to their loyalty and to restore t
ujt.hority of the Un fled States, itsue pi
ilamations offering amnesty and pardon
icriain persons who had, directly or 1
inplication, participated in the said reb
Lon; and whereas many persons, who h
o engaged in said rebellion, have, siu
he issuance of said proclamai ion, fail
ir neglected to take the benefits offei
hereby; and whereas many persons, w
lave been justly deprived of all-claim
imnesty and pardon thereunder by reai
>f their participation, directly or by i
fdicatioo, in saul rebellion -and contint
motility io tlie Government of the Uni
??tates ??noe the date of said proolamati
sow desire to apply io. and obtain ami
ty and pardoe:
To the end, therefore, that tb? ?utho;
of tlie Government of the United States
may be restored,And that peace, order and
/reedom may be established, I, Andrew
Johnson. President of the United ?tates,
do proclaim snd declare that I hereby *
grant to all persons who have directly or 1 <
indirectly participated in thf existing
rebellion, except as hereinafter excepted,
amnesty and pardon,^ith restoration of
all rights of property, except as to slaves,
and except in cuses where legal proceed?
ings, under the laws of the United States
providing for the confiscation of property
of persons engaeed in rebellion, have been
instituted, but on the condition, neverthe?
less, that every such person 6hall take and
subscribe the ^Following oath or affirma?
tion, and thenceforward keep and main?
tain a>\iJ oath inviolate, and which oath
shall be registered for permanent preser?
vation, and shall be of the tenor and effect
following, to wit:
I,-, do solemnly swear or
affirm, in presence of Almighty God, that
I will henceforth faithfully support and
defend the Constitution of the United
States and the Union of the States there?
under, and that L will in like manner
abide by and faithfully support all law?
gnd proclaniat'ons which have been made
during the existing rebellion with refer?
ence to the emancipation of slaves. So
help nie God.
The following cb?ss of persons? are ex?
empted from the benefits of this procla?
1st. All who a?e, or shall have been,
pretimled civil or diplomatic officers, or
otherwise, domestic or foreign agents of
the pretended Confederate Government.
2d. All who left judicial stations under
the United States to aid in the rebellion.
Sd. All who shall have been military o:
naval officers of said pretended Confede?
rate Government above the rank of colonel
ip the army or lieutenant in the navy.
4th. AU who left seats ii the Congress
of the United States to aid the rebellion.
5th. All who resigned or tendered resig?
nations of their commissions in the army
or navy of the United States to evade duty
in resisting the rebellion.
6th. All wb^ have engaged in "any way
in treating otherwise than lawfully as pf i
sooers of war persona found in the United
States service, as officers, soldiers, seamen
or in other capacities.
7 th. All persons who have been "or are
absentees from the United States for the
purpose of aiding the rebellion.
Sib. All military and naval officers in
the rebel service who were educated by
the Government in the Military Academy
it West Point or* the United States Naval
9th. All persons who held the pretended
?fiices of Governor of States in insurrec?
tion against the United States.
10th. All persons who left their homes
within the jurisdiction and protection of
.he United States, an'd passed beyoud the
federal military lines into the so-called
Confederate State3 for the purpose of aid
ng the rebellion.
11th. Ali persons who have been en?
raged in the destruction of the commerce ,
ti the United States upon the high seas,
ind who liav*e made raids into the United
States from Canada, or been engaged in
lestroyiug the'commerce of the United
states upon the lakes and rivers th*t sepa?
rate the British pro\ inccs from the United
12th. All persons who. at the time when*
hey seek to obtain the benefits hereof by
-aking the oath herein prescribed, are iu
nilitary%naval or civil confinement or
ustody, or under bonds of the civil, mih
ary er natal authorities of agents of tba
Jnited States, as prisoners of war or per?
ons d-tained for offence% of any kind,
lither before or after conviction. a
13th. All persons who have voluntarily
jarticipitcd ,in said rebellion, and the eati
nuted value of wliose taxable property is
iver twenty thousand dollars.
14tb. All persons who havo taken the
tat li of amnesty as prescribed in the Pre
hfent's proclamation of December 8, A.
>. 1865, or rfh oath of al ?giance ?to tho
?overnment of the United'States since the ?
late of said proclamation, and who have
ot thenceforward kept a nd maintained
he same"" inviolate.
Provide*, that special application muy
ie made to the President for pardon by
ny person belonging to the -jxcepted
laves, and such clemency will be ?iba
ally extended ns may be oonswtent with
he facts of the casa and the peace and
ignity of the Uaited States. ??
Tho' Secretary of StSte will establish
ules and regulations for administering and
eeording the said amnesty oath, so as to
nsnre it* benefit to the people and guard
he Government against fraud,
n testimony whereof, I havo hereltntoget
my band and caused the seal of the
United States to be affixed.
)one at the city of Washington, the 29th
day j$>f May, in the year of onr Lord
1365, and of the independence of the
United States the eighty-ninth.
? ANDREW JOHNSON.
By the President:
WK. H. SIWAUD, Secretary oi Stale.
June 9 - . *