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By J. A. SELBY. . COLtJMBIA, S. C., FRIDAY MORNING, MAY 19, 1865. VOL. l.-NO. 43.
THE COLUMBIA PHONIX,
PUBLISHED DAILY, EXCEPT SUN I'AT,
BY JULIANA. SELBY.
TERMS-IN AD VANCE.
Sir months, $5
On-} month, - - k - 1
One square,(ten lines.)onetime, 50cts
Subsequent insertions. ,- 35 eta
^ Special notices ten cents per line.
The South and North.
Under this heading thti New York
Times has some remarks which are
verv salutary at this juncture, when
liew i.v^r?s are being Heedlessly preci*
pilated upon the country by conceited
would be leaders, endangering the
return of a wholesome state of afftirs
by the manipula-ion of "fine phrases"
with which to catch the? ears of the
thoughtless. We commend the follow?
ing extract from the Times, a Repub?
lican journal, to attention:
Wo expect the Southern States,
now that the war is over, to become
instamfy as quiet, as prosperous, as
loyal, and as thoroughly anti-slavery
in sentiment, as Massachusetts or New
York, and every incident that proves
this not as yet to be the case carries
alarm ?o the public heart.
This is unreasonable and absurd.
Such a tornado as has s/vept the South
leaves in its track a desolation which
yea^s cannot remove. Society is up?
rooted, and must be* raised again from
tfoe seed. The whole structure of
Southern industry bas bfcen over?
thrown, and it can be rebuilt but
slowly. Men's miiwls have been di?
verted from ?the ordinary channels ol
active thought, ami it will be a slow
task to bring them bick. Four mil?
lion .slaves, who formerly did, hy com?
pulsion, all the work-of the South, are
now free, and will work or not, as they
anil their oH masters can agrfte. Their
-relative position^ are not favora- le to
rapid compacts, and years may elapse
b-'fure this tremendous practical pro?
blem is fully solved. We must, be
prepared for a long and laborious
struggle, for many .defeats and dis?
couragements; and if, at the end of
twenty year?, we find the relations ol
the two rares in the Southern States
all we could desire, we sba.l have done
snore than any other nation ever did
in a century.
Wo are too exacting, also, ia regard
to the political action of the Southern
people. We expect them, now thal
the war is over and they are beaten,
to become, at once, not only loyal ci ti
zen?, obeying all i he laws and sustain
tng fully the .National authority, but
thorough-going Aboliti nists and BO!
vocales of negro snil'rage. Anything
abort of this we consider half wa\
loyalty, and think they have not been
whipped quite enough yet. We de
nounce them as still Secessionists-nt
heart, a-nd call for their exclusion from
the rights of citizenship.
This is unreasonable and unwise
We have really uothing to do with
their heaVts. .We have no right to
exact the complete change of senti
ment and feeling which we demand.
We have a right to insist rbat they
shall obey the law, that they shall ac
knowledge and respect the National
authority and conduct themselves as
peaceful, law-abiding citizens. If they
do this, we can demand nothing more.
Nor is it reasoi.able to expect that tho
.mass of the Southern people can or
will become suddenly devotees of doc
trines and seutimeuts which they have
hitherto abhored, and against which
they have staked their fortunes and
their lives. Men do not thu? instantly
change their wnole natures on compul
6ion. And any ostentatious preten
?ions of such a change would be hypo
critical. A radical change in the sen?
timent of the Southern people concern?
ing slavery and tbe purpose and
temper ot the National authority cao
only be wrought by time, by wise
laws wisely administered, aq?l by their
experience of the- new condition upon
which they have entered.
Nor should we desire to break the
spirit or crush the self respect of the
people of the Southern States. Their
courage their resolute and determined
spirit, is now amono; the priceless pos?
sessions of the whole country. It has
been our enemy, but hereafter it is to
be our friend. It has been turned
against us, and' has vainly sought our
destruction; henceforth it fights only
on our side and swells the power and
the courage with which we may con?
front a world in arms. It would be
suicidal in?us to crush or destroy tt
we*should be destroying a part of that
which is to give us the proudest place
ever held by any nation on the face ol
"A Richmond Conspiracy." .
Under this heading the New York
Tribunes Washington correspondent,
writing under date of June IS, says:
"It is ascertained that there ts a
secret combination among the rebel
real estate owners of Richmond, not to
*ell to any Northern or Yankee
purchaser. This accounts for the fact
that property there is now held from
one hundred to.three hundred percent,
higher than before the rebellion. A
hule wholesale confiscation by Dr.
Underwood, it is thought, may some?
what muddy this disease. The loral
clergy have a special leal of Northern
preachers and teachers. The other
learned professions are similarly exer?
cised, wilde the old business men look
with an evil eye upon every Dew
Yankee comer who brings brains,
enerby 0r capital with him."
We are not prepared to say how
much the Richmond ministers ot the
gospel, lawyers and doctors may be
afraid of Northern preachers, teachers
aud members of other learned profes?
sions. Their terror may be very great,
but the unfortunate victims have so far
succeeded most admirably in conceal?
ing their unhappy condition from their
friends. - But we are quite positive
that the assertion of a conspiracy
among the real estate owners to ex
elude Northern men of capital from
our city ts a slander. Our people,
having nothing else to sell, and having,
?rom Ion." dealing in Confederate
money, a confused idea of the value of
a dollar, did, just after the close of fhe
war, nut a great prjee on their real
est?t.-j and their ideas of its value
were confirmed by some sales ?it high
figures, in wiiich Richmond men were
the pirTuhasers. All who desire to
sell have now come down in their es
timate of the value of'their property,
and the difficulty is no longer with
them, but with the Northern capital?
ists, who, having a sagacious dread of
t iis ?ame "wholesome confiscation of
Dr. Underwood,'' declino to purchase
real estate in the South at any price.
Tue difficulty no w is, that there is.no
one to buy, not that any man cr sc' of
m n here "look with an t vii eye upon
every new Yankee comer."" We
make no distinctions of persons; we
want countless immigrants to came
into Virginia, buy land, start manufac?
tures, and build up this* exhausted
State. There is room enough here for
hundreds of thousands of men and
women; and, we believe that they will
come so soon as this confi-cation busi
ness shall be disposed of, but not
before; and when thev snail have come,
tiley, as those from the North and from
Europe wno aie already settled among
us, will find that they will be treated
iiceording to their merits, as men and
citizens, and without any regard to
th ir nativity. It is impossible to
conjecture what can be the Tribune's
object in putting afloat stories of this
kind, unies* it o*? to make the South a
'wilderness, for tho abode and habita?
tion of negroes alone.
[Rickmond Republic, June 21.
More than 1,800 claims for damages
by the war have been filed at Washing
ton, amounting to jver $50,000,000.
From Washington R publican, \?th.
Marshal Lantern's Warning to Presi?
December 10,1864-1 1 2 A. M.
Honorable A. Lincoln, President of
the United States.
Silt: I regret that yon do not np
prec?ate what I have repeatedly said to
you in regard to the proper police ar
rangements connected with your own
personal safely. You are in danger!
I have nothing to ask, and I flatter
myself that you will at least believe
that I am honest. (If you have been
impressed differently, however, do me
and the country the justice at once to
dispose of all suspected officers and
persons, or accept, my resignation of
the mar halship, which is hereby tender?
ed.) I wilt give 3-0U further reasons
than those hereinafter named which
have impelled ni? to this course.
To-night, a? you have done on
several prgvious occasions, you went
unattended to the theatre. When I
say you went n. attended I mean
%hat you went with two guests,
. but without any guard.. And you
know, or ought to know, that your
life is sought after, and will be taken
unless you and your friends are
cautious, for you have many enmiees
within our lines.
You certainly know that I have pro?
vide 1 men at your mansion, to.per?
form any duty that will properly con?
duce to your interests or your safety.
AWFUL 'CONDITION OF NORTH
CAROLINA.-It is heart-sickening to
see what'terribie havoc war has made
along the line* of the Atlantic and
North Carojina Railroad. Fields for
merly waving in growing corn, wheat,
cotton, &c, at this season of the year,
are now a barren waste,?with not a
stick of fenc?* to be seen. Farm house?
swept away by the devouring flames
foi esta of pine, once tall and beautiful}1
now. laid low by tho axe of the
pioneer. Indeed, everything you
behold* bears the impress of rude,
heartless and unfeeling war. Kinston
and Goldsboro and their vicinities,
made memorable in the history of the
war, have sufi" red the mo?t. Tho
people are left almost entirely penni?
less, without provisions, and. in many
cases without stock with which to
make a crop the present season. It is
difficult to conjecture how they ar? to
survive tho great calamity, unless aid?
ed by the Government, which would
be done most effectually perhaps by
either loaning or selling them stock
with which to prosecute their agri?
cultural pursuits. Every valuable U
swept from the earth. The people
have no currency and nothing to sell
with which to get. Business is c'osed
shops and hotels shut up, and every?
thing seems at a stand still.
[North Carolina Times.
This is the condition also of South
Carolina. The whole State is in ruins.
Some of the newspaper organs of the
strangulation partj speak of Gen. Lee
as a traitor by descent and instinct.
^Llis grand father, says one of these jour?
nals, writing on the Federal Consti
of 1S?0, said: *. When we (the South)
attam our natural degree of popula
tion, I flatter myself that we shall have
the power to do ourselves justice with
dissolving the b nd which bind? us
together^' This is a fair specimen ol
the suppressio veri. What Gen. Lee'
giatidhither, li. ii. Lee, said was: "1
fl itter myself that v. e ?hall nave thc
power to do ourselves justice with
out di solving the bond which bind;
us together.'' Are the radicals st
much afraid that they cannot hanc.
Gen. Lee tlwH they are compelled tc
murder grammar, and falsify history
iu order to convict him of reirospec
[New York Herald.
j Gov. Clark, of Mississippi, has baa
' arrested and Gent on for trial.
EXTRA SBSSION OF THE VIRGINIA
L?GISLATURE.-lt is stated that Gov.
Pierpont lian secretly called an extra
session of the Virginia Legislature,
and that tlrbre is much uneasiness
among loyal citizens in consequence
t he- eot.
Tue Alexandria Journal v>ys: Gov.
Pierpont lia- e . "mined, to call luis
extra session on Thursday next., and j
that lor this purpose confidential ?-ir j
culars have been sent to the mc . be s
of th? b"dy which has heretofore as
sembled in Al xandria,. representing
the loyal element as eontra-distm.
guished from the lute rebel Legislature
at Richmond. The Journal is
alarmed for fear that the call is made
with the view of removing the disa?
bility imposed on those who have been
identified with the rebellion, and re?
store to them the elective franchise and
the right to again hold office. There
is no certainty, however, that such is
the object. Owing to the alleged ap
poititrueut of the governor of several
ex-rebels to important positions in
violation of the Constitution, several
meetings have been held by the loyal
people of Alexandria .to devise means
for self protection. On Saturday they
perfected . iheir organization, and
adopted a Reties of resolutions, one of
which affirms, in strong terms, the
right of the colored man to vote.
No FOREIGN WAR.-We havo at
length semi oihV.ial assurances from
Washington, that no new demand bas
been made upon England with reference
to the Alabama claim. The claim tor
damages has been made from time to
time during the past three years', but
no more em diasis has been recently
pjiven.it than when first preferred. One
thing is very certain, the people of
the United States and their Govern?
ment have made np their minds to
stop fighting for the present. War
h is no longer any attractions for us.
Whatever we mav say about the
Monroe doctrine, or ibe Alabama de?
predations we do not propose to go to
war with either England or FraTiee if
we can decently escape a conflict.
After the waste of the civil war is re?
paired, and our finances have got into
working order, we mav have a little
fight with England or Franco to keep
uni hand in; bu' just now the uniter
s;il Yankee nation is intent upon
pence, a'.d not nmg but a most iutole
ruble provocan . would provoke us
into a fight. We presume that bv ??ns
time Mr. Adams and Mr Bigelow have
satisfied the G 'vernments of Etig'and
and France tba' such is thn feeling of
our people.--New York World.
How eloquent is the old, homelv
word, falll The flowers fal! in the
garden, the fruits fall in the orchards,
the nuts fall in the woods, the stars
fall from the sky, the rain falls from
the clouds, the mercury falls in the
tube, the leakes fall everywhere, and
man falls into eternity!
Gold, in New York, on the 23d, at
142 1.2 Cotton 43 cents.
THE TERMS OF PARDONS
Proclamation by the President of the
United States of America.
Whereas the Preside?t nf the United
States, on the Sth day of December. A. D.
1863, and on the 26th day of March, A. D.
1S64. with the object to suppress til? ex?
isting rebellion, to induce all persons to
return to their loyalty and to restore the
authority of the United States, issue pro
elamations offering amnesty and pardon to
certain persons who had, directly or by
implication,1 participated in ihesaid rebel
lion; and whereas manv p-rsonn, who had
so engaged in said rebellion, have, since
the issuance of said proclamation, failed
or neg.ected to take the benefits offered
thereby; and whereas nian\ persons, who
have been justly deprived of al! claim to
amnesty and pardon thereunder b?' reasoi
of their participation, directly '/by im
plioatiou, in s?iid rehellion and continued
hostility to the Government of the United
States since the date of said proclamation,
j now desire to apply for and obtain moines
j ty and pardon:
1 T" thc end, therefore, that tb? ?stherity !
of the Government of the United States
may be restored, and thnt peace, order and
freedom may be established, I, Andrew
Johnson. President ot the United States,
do proclaim and declare that I hereby
grantso all persons who have directly or
indirectly participated in the existing
rebellion, except as hereinafter excepted,
amnesty sr.d pardon, with restoration of
all^igh'p of pifj.erty, except as to slaves,
and except in cases where legal proceed?
ings, under the-laws of the United States
providing for the confiscation of prop<irty
of persor.s engaged in rebellion, have been
institu? ed, but on the condition, neverthe-"
less, that every such person shall take and
subscribe the following oath or affirma?
tion, and thenceforward keep and main?
tain said oath inviolate, and which oath
shall be reeistered for permanent preser?
vation, and shall be of the tenor and effect
following, to wit:
I, ---, do solemnly swear or
affirm, in presence of Almighty God, that
I will henceforth faithfully support and
defend the Constitution of the United
Stales and the Uni >n of the States there?
under, and that. I will in like manner
abide b}' ar.d faithfully support all laws
and proclamat-ons which have been made
during th? existing rebellion with refer?
ence to the emancipation jof slaves. So
help rae God.
Th? following class of persons arc ex?
empted from the benefits of this, procla?
1st. All who are, or shall have been,
pretended civil or diplomatic officers or
otherwise, domestic or foreign agents of
the pretended Confederate Government.
2d. AH who left judicial statmns under
tbe United States to aid iu the rebellion.
8d All who shall have been military or
naval officers of said pretended Confede
rai e Government above the .rank of colonel
in ?he army or lieutenant m the navy.
4t'n. Al) who left seats ii the Congress
of the United States to aid the rebellion.
5th. All who resigned or tendered resig?
nations of their commissions in the m my
or navy of the United States to evade ditty
in resisting the rebellion.
6th. All who have engaged in any Way
in treating otherwise than lawfully as pri?
soners uf war persona found in the United
Slates service, as officers, soldiers, soameo,
or in other capacities.
7th. All persons who have been or are
absentees from the United States for the
purpose of ?ding the rebellion. 1
8th. All military and naval officers in
the rebel service who were educated -by
the Government in the Military Academy
at West Point or the United States Naval
9th. All persona who held the pretended
offices of Governor of States iii insurrec?
tion against the United States.
10th. All persons who left their homes
within the jurisdiciion and protection of
the United States, and passed beyond the
-Federal military lines into the so-called
Confederate Slates for the parp?se of sid?
ing the rebellion.
11th. AH persons who have been en?
gaged in ' lie desi ruction of tho commerce
uf the United States upon the high seas,
and wh.? have made raids into tho United
.States from Canada, or been engaged in
desti .oving the commerce of the baited
Sl ate* upon the lakes and river9 that sepa?
rate the British provinces from the United
12th All persons wbo. at the time when
they seek to obtain the benefits hereof by
taking the oath herein prescribed, are in
military, naval or civil confinement or
custody, or under bonds of the civil, rnili
tary or naval authorities of agents of the
Un'ted States, as prisoners of war or per?
sons detained for offences of any kind,
either before or after conviction.
lilil?. AH persons who hive voluntarily
participated in said rebellion, and the esti?
mated value of whose taxable property is
over twenty thousand dollars.
14th. AU persons who havet taken the
oath of amnesty as prescribed in the Pre?
sident's proclamation of December 8, A.
I). 1865, or an oath of alegiance . to the
Government, of the United'Statea e nee the
date of ?aid .proclamation, and who have
not thenceforward kept a nd maintained
the same inviolate.
Provided, that special application any
be made to the President for ptrlon by
any person belonging to the s.veptel
classes, and such clemei cy will ho obi
rally extended as may b? consistent wit h
th? fuels of tb? case and the peaoe a^d
dignity of the United Staus
The Secretary of Stnte w:!l establish
rules ar.d regulations for administering and
recording th* said amnesty oath.60 ns to
insure its benefit to ttie people and guard
the Government, againgi fraud.
in testimony whereof, I have hereunto set
my li???-' and caused the seal of tbs >
United Slates to be affixed
Done at the o'ity of Washington, the 29ih
day of M av. in the year of our Lord
1866, and of th? independence of th*
United States the eighty-ninth.
By the President:
WM. H. SSWA?S, Secretary ti State.