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By J. A. SELBY. . COLtJMBIA, S. C., FRIDAY MORNING, MAY 19, 1865. VOL. l.-NO. 43.
THE COLUMBIA PHOENIX,
PUBLISHED DAILY, EXCEPT SUNDAY,
BY JULIAN A. SELBY.
TERMS-I y A JJ VA XC E.
Pix months, - - - - $5
Ono month, - - - 1
One square, (ten linos.) one time, 50 ets
Subsequent insertions, - .'!."> ets
Special notices ten cents per line.
[ ( >rigina!j
Though Love in After Years.
Though lone in after years
May he the heart 1 bring.
When rapture droops beneath her tears,
And hope, i? on the wing,
Yet. not for the? to Weep.
Oh! never let me know
That grief of mine, however deep,
Hath ever brought theo wo!
Thus watching through the night.
One thc-Ught IIIV grief beguiles.
That, howsoe'er I fuel th" blicht,
It doth not check thy smiles;
My sdBl with courage bears
The woes 1 may not shun.
Assured ibut never yet my tears
Hath ever cost th.ne! K. li. C.
News from Washington.
WASHINGTON", June !).-Tue rn vs
tory enshrouding the conspirator,
Payne, instead of being pleuro 1 up, is
growing deeper every day. His bear?
ing and fortitude throughout thc trial
is ??otnelhitjg wonderful. Heat, chains,
handoiii?'s, and li.? awful presence of
certain death, the enrtstant gaze of tho
eag?-r ?md curious crowd, and all ihe
surroundings of the commission,
neither appal nor terrify him in thc
least. Foi his companions in misery
he deeply sympathize.--, and onlv
wishes. ' because he is stronger and
braver than they, that he cou! 1 bc
executed tor cadi one. To-dav a
Christian lady, of this city, sent him a
pocket-handkerchief and a message
that she should pray for him, und that
others prayed for bim. Ile received
the present with thc air and bearing-,
seemingly, of a "gentleman, returning
his thanks, and 'as to the prayers he
said no one praying tor him should
lal? ir alone; that be prayed for him?
self, 'l iiis last remark \v,:s made with
tntich emotion, his eye- filling with
tears; his nature is two fold; lie is
gentle, and yet as terrible as a hon.
?Ie has more endurance than falls to
the lot o? most men. Ile will go four
days at a time without eating or drink?
ing, and still be strong, lie has sat
in that court room thirty-two days
without relief from the usual course
ot' nature, and during all that time has
not uttered^ a complaint, ns to his health,
lie is yet young. Iii-; lace is beard?
less. When dressed asa gentleman
he is .'inc looking. lint w ho he is, and
where ho came hom, :s thc great
Two members of tue Alabama de?
legation are still here, one of them
being Judge Parsons, of Talladega
who is so strongly urged for provisional
governor of that State. The Missis?
sippi delegation were well received hy
the President, though they find that
the same policy toward reconstruction
is to he pursued in their casi'. Hon.
George Houston, of Georgia, who is
here with the Georgia delegation,
claims lo have been a Union man over
since he withdrew from tho Federal
Tho latest news from Spain docs
not state anything positive- as to tho
manner in which thu ijuestion of the
Stonewall is to be settled. Tho news
of the surrender of that vessel had
inst, reached theseatof Government;
but., as it, was anticipated, it did not
ci cate tho same impression as it the
thing had been quito unexpected.
People were discussing the probability
of (he rendition of the Stonewall to
the United States Government and of
the demand which had been made to
thal effect, bnt could not arrive nt a
definite cODcluc-iou. Many wore ol
opinion that thia vessel, bavins been
given up at a :ime wlien the belligerent
rights ot' the South were still in force
at Cuba and elsewhere. Capt. Page
was in the lull exercise of his right of
property when lie transferred his \'ossel
to the Captain General of?Ouba, and
that Spain is now her legitimate and
sole owner. If, on llie other hand, thc !
; belligerent rights nf the South ha J j
been annulled at '.he time of the ret?
dition of the Stonewall, that vessel |
would "have ceased to enjoy the immtt- i
nities and privileges conferred in such '
; a case to belligerents, and a* such
! might have been seized and confiscated
! aa a pirate. In both cases, then, if
j we ti'usflhis theory, the Federal Gov
! ernment has no riglit to claim from
I Spain the deliverv of thp vessel. Sue
is to remain in th? hands of the power
to which sim has been given.
Parties just arrived I rom Charleston,
with the intention, they say*, ol not
returning to that ci tv, tor many years
at ?cast, give the gloomiest account of
I the state of a ilaire in that region. In
their estimation the Palmetto State i-^
j threatened with a social revolution
! which nothing but the .permanent es?
tablishment of a strong loree in several
rfoealities of the interior can prevent.
Thoy represent the negro as perfectly
unmanageable,/nil ot pretension and
. in-olence, unwilling t.? work, and
: addicted to all thc? vices which idle
I nos engonders. In the rice districts)
I where the bhtrk population is to the"
; white as four to one, threats have
[been preferred by I lui tonner against
the latter which have induced many
i planters to leave their property and
I come North, front whence they intend
1 to ?ail for Europe. ? have spoken to
I half a dozen, who have all held tho
; same language and manifested the
! same apprehensions. Their tears, tr is
to he iioped, are !>u\ the result oi a
I frightened imagination. Itisimpussj
j ble, however, to deny that they aro in
! eartie.-,*, and really anticipated the. evils
which they lear.
The organization of negro labor in
the South, certainly one of thc mos:
important problems, ol' the hour, has
; excited and is still holding the attell
; lion of both Northerners anti South
j erners, who would be piad to lin.1 sonic
j system enabling lliem to realize i ni
I mediately the benefits cd the activity
; an? industry ol' a imputation of four
; millions of souls. Many plans havn
' been proposed, but none yet so efficient
I as to warrant the belief that the tina)
i solution of the problem has been ap?
prehended. In the French colonies,
I where theories ferr the organization of
j black labor have been put into prac?
I tice, L see that religions orders are
playing ii considerable part in the
i regeneration of the ue^ro, debased by
slavery. In several places, especially
! in the Island of Kennion, the religious
j orders have formed associations ol
I black* for working large tracts of land,
j in which the pomp and ceremonies of
j the Catholic religion are used as a
j powerful means ol action upon the
! ignorant negro. These associations, I
! understand, have produced the best.
results. The Legro lias all along paid
; the greatest respect to tlift.orders ol his
superiors, and shown a docility and
j activity truly remarkable. These as?
sociations arc organized pretty much
as a convent, or rather like the colo?
nies of Indians over which the Jesuits
held ?way so long ilk the Spanish pos?
sessions ol' America.
Parties who have known intimately
the rebel Vi ce-President, Alex. Ste
phens, previous to the outbreak of the
rebellion, having asked permission
, from the President to bend him written
! communications, have had their de
i maud returned wi til the answer that
neither written nor verbal comrauni*
I cations would 'ne sent him. They say
' that Stephens is very severely treated
i in his prison, and that books have
. been refused to the prisoner.
I Several personal friends of Prince
! Napoleon, who became acquainted
with hun or; h;s v;>:i to Washington.
' have written to him expressing their
admiration for his last. speech, and j
their regret, at the news of his rcsig j
nation. The Prince himself had ?
ordered several of his printed speeches |
to be forwarded to tins city, where he
has a lot of admirers and friends with
whom he keeps up ?a regular corres
pondence. . j
WASHINGTON, J un*? 1*2.- The Juno i
term of the Circuit Court, nf this dis :
trict commences ona ?eek from to-day.
and i*. is now- quite certain that it, will J
not end without the trial of J eil*, j
Davis on tho sndivtment already,
found. At all events preparations for ?
his trial are go rig forward. Bill j
whether with the approval of the
Government or no! is unknown. It'is
believed t<> have bern definitely de?
termined not to '.rv !iim bv military i
Since thii release of Gov. Brown, of j
i Georgia, no pron ?neut lebi I official j
j has been imprisotie I. i! v. Watts, ol j
j Alabama, lias been released, and. ox?
? i ?overnor Smith. <. i \ ngiffia, who has I
delivered himself np.is also allowed to
goion parole. IV'teher and N ance aie
I still in tho Old Capitol; hui, it .is
i rumored that tlicv, too, will soon be j
out on parole. Gov. Magrath, of
I South Carohna, i!, is said," bas also been 1
J sent South to he paroled,
j Judge Underwood, of the United
I States District Court of the Kastern
J" District of Virginia, bad an interview
j with Attorney-General Speed today
jon the '.ml iel mem found in Ins court
; against, tren. L> . . It. is the prevailing j
j impression Ucre that.no trial xviii be I
I had under that indictment, nor ?viii i
j any arrest, bc ma le,
j President John on is s?'1 overwhelmed j
I with delegations from the South, office :
I seekers and other-, that he ha? been j
j forced Lo set as! . two clays el ihe i
J week in wine i to attend cab:..et ?i???' i
I ings and d-vos- his time to public
i business. ?ie Inc-, however, granted i
outsiders live, hours e .. !i day. except '.
j Tuesdays, Friday., and Sundays.
I The Ri'piihJ'irun this evening alt
j no; i M rcs that .fohn MiU'hoil. Wv of the j
j fvicliujond JCxtiii.ii r, i- about lo be
indicted for treason in Judge Under -j
'I ho statcmen: in ore? ol thc New j
I York papers that a fleet of sixty
I vessels was going imo European
j waters from this country is a first class ?
i canard. Only titree vessels ar. to be I
sent abroad, and only one of those a 1
? frigate, the Colorad.,,.
I The mysterious letter intended foi
j Booth, hut direct* i to initials J. W.
, B. fourni at, tho National Hotel last
! week which pielciulcd to bc written
by one of Booth's conspirators at
South Branch, Va., terns out to be a
forgery. The man who wrote il, i-,
under arrest, j Iis object, il seems,
i was to implicate parties against whom
! he had personal spite,
j [Cor. Nc io York War! I.
I A rr i. to AI IONS i OR PARDON.-Tho
following circular has been issued from
the AlLot'iiey-General's ellice:
'.By direction of the President, all
persons belonging to the excepted
j classes enumerated in the President's
j Amnesty proclamai iou of May 2'.),
1S65, who may mako special applica?
tion to the Pr?sident for pardon, are
hereby notified that before their
respective applications will be con?
sidered, it mus?, be shown that they
have respectively taken and subscribe !
the oath or the affirmation in sriid proc?
lamation prescribed. Every such per?
son desiring a special pardon should
make application m writing or in per?
son therefor, and should transmit, with
such application the original oath or
affirmation, as taken ?nd subscribed
before an officer authorized under the
rules and regulations promulgated by
the Secretary ol' Slate to administer
the amnesty oath prescribed in the
i said proclamation of thc President,
j IAMBS SPEED,
t * .i''crt:"" 1 o-i.i,;-.'
A writer in til? Prospective. Kevin.' ,
pivert thu f-'liowing anecdote, illustra
tivy of tho extreme good nature o? tho j
Ute i v. Neander, the celebrated his ;
!i)ii:;n ?>f the Church* 'He one dav I
received a letter from the wilda ot
Western Ktnenoa, troni a eorr'e.wpou
dent, who, :<> ; he ehaiaoteristic at'tnr- j
ance of I!I>' Yankee, joined the share ,
of that .ruaiitv usually poc-es^-d hy ?
thc collector vi numgr.uih:*. Fie ?van i
M perfect straight to eiur good r'iefe.-i !
sor, ve? ha I written to make tito t.h.>jc\
modest rc nests following: ftiat ? V. ;
Neander would semi h's autograph,
that the said autograph should i>e in
the t iru of a long letter giving a!
sketch of die then st.;!?' ol' Theologv t
and Keligion in Germany; and that
the Tro!, ?sor would HIM? pro.-ere and j
A von Mutnit.d.it! Would Dr. Wim- ?
well, or any otliel v ".. min i.lge nota- i
lulitv, Indteve that, Neander not only I
imm?diate!}* net ahm il executing the j
commission, Snr. refused to be per j
suaded bv an Knglish I'ieud thal there
was a tn thing impudent ot unreason d>le
in thc request?'
Hmti-ns??.'ill? Ti \.ts. .. ni. ont' ". e I by'iuii
forces. utid?-r Bric. G-n. Ilrovrn, "NI a v .'I.
Tho rebel.-, l,.-t',?r.- leaving, VJ!.! then ai Ml
lew t.- t he inil'fr:.-?.hst:;.
[ .V.-je }?. r.i Tri??:i', I'"?. /,
Ki-.r ?VSTK; ??riow A full r.ibinei m. ?? t
mg lii-lil -''ii the Olh. nv.-: v tn.-rel-ei
berni: present Thc sui brfor. I he
meetim; wm tlte method I.. 1 . -i*3--j-*?--3 in |
r?-ne w tun the < ? tiver n ti ie ti t in the nu them ,
? ? ---
1 OiiOl'.ijiii .lt_r.it?- pris??uer^. who have '
been l.t...i? i from i.he <litf?-re.nt forts,
.o ri v..1 at Hi" Butt, erv Bar ra? k.-. vc terd?v
mortunc. Tiny aro primapa'R Alahamit
troops, m ', most, ot them will embark t..r
the South ..>- soo*! as the Government wit!
iii ve them ti an murta ti?<"i
Tl) THE SEriiAA?S?lFfOLli?iBIi
RA EE DiDT?CF.JiiE.MT:P
rpHK DAILY NKYVS. pubb h-.l at
.1 Wmnsboro. S. ,.tT. rs G RF. AT [..'
DIJCEMT'NT ' !?. th.- nt-T'-h.-mts of ? Vlnm
bia a-- .an ad- -rtnine nwliom h-tu-. ?i S
them an.i th- merchants ot \\ -i:-.. !..wo !
Tho m. ..?.? ./o t - ol \\ innalioro are. itt a
._rr?-at. rnoii??ii?\ dependent upon t!.. n.-.t
chants of v '. -? i ? 111. ". . i ? for their .-.tippo, MIS! \
as io ih?-ir always knowing ?vh.it Mippli.'B j
i h<: men han!? of ? '..bin-1-ia hin e .... hand,
?.he NK\Vs i>ii' rp th?> inducement ?>i a me
diem h.-! ween them. 1
: All advert isements left nt the Ph.?ni*
\ O?iee for publication in the NIIW '-. will.
I as soon as pr a et ?cable, app'-ai in Winns
b.ifo. when the merchants ?f Wintisboro
can always soc what attractions t b- mer
chants of"?""olumbii? offer thom tor ? undia. -
! i nc the'r commodities.
I Adv.-rtn.m. its will ho inserted at (for
a .?.piare ot' nicht lin.- or ic :;) ii f? v cents
for tin- first, and thirty rivf cent:; for ea.-h
nil. se. piont publication, invariably ju A',
All communications left altin Phrenix
Olli cc will he promptly attended to. Ad?
vertisements can also be forwarded per
Kxpress, and ia c.i."h erne ijjint be accom
panie.I willi ftie money. Advertisements
\. iii I e inserted to the value of themonev
sent. Address .1. K. KlUTTOX.
Kditor and I'rop'r "The I'uily Nev-,"
THE TERMS OE PARDON.
Proclamation by thc Prosident'of thc
United States of America.
Whereas the I'IVSKILMU of thc Tinted
State?, OM th- stu d ,y ?.f Pecember. A. D.-|
18?'.o, and on the 2?ih d.ty of Merell. A. 1?. 1
ISo-l, with the object to suppress the-o*-I
istific feb??!!ion. to indue" all pc :<>ns to .
return to their loyalty and r,o restore the j
authority of the I'nited Stale?, t.-su-- pro
olaiiuit?ons olfering aiunestv and pardon io
.?ermin f>ers?>ns who had, liireetly or by
implication, participated in the said rebel?
lion; and wlmrcas many persons, who had
so engaged in - rebellion, have, since
the issuance of sail proclamation, fniled
or elected lo take thc benefits offered
fi 'l>y; and whereas many persons, who
lune been justly deprived of al! claim to
amnesty and pardon thor, under by reason
nf their participation, directly ?- by im?
plication, in said rebi'llion and continued
hostility lo the G o ve rr. ai tnt of the United
States since the date of said proclamation,
now .desire to.apply for and obtain itttinci
I ty ?nd pardoi
' T > thc . nd, ./.< rt i rr*, that tie s:;:horit\
of the Government Ot the i'm Lcd ?tates
may hr restored, H nil tli.it. pence, order and
rre.-iiom may he estnbh?h'M.1, I. Andrew
lohnt.? ;,. President ol ?he United ?v ates,
flo proclaim and declare that I hereby
grunt t<? all perpon* wi.o h ive directly cr
i-..luv..-tix participated in the existir.;;
i?.?b.dliou, except as here.natter excepted,
mm itv end nardon. wi-.h restoration of
it'll rich!? of property, . .: .t.pt as to &la ve-,
und e.ve-ipt .a cases xvhere legal proceed
iti.?s. mid.; t?- i.un ct" the Ua'ttd Statea
pruvidint; foi t! ?'..-ntisea.ticn of property
. t persons entraiiefi in t- '.-iii..a, have. Leen
instituted, but .JII ti. e condition, nc-v er the
i.-;.-... that e\ ...? \ siuc.li percoa shali take and
?ul tibe the following oath o: albinia -
tion, and thcneef'uxvr.rd keep \..? main?
tain said oath inviolate, and which oath
-lt?Ti be registered fur permanent preser
' ii an.i .hail be ot" She teaoi nude-fleet
fell '-.-, .a,;. :.. ?vu:
?. -.-. Jo 6olemn"v s?r?&r or
?tfliiTn. tu pr. . ;.. . ot Almighty God, that
1 ?v. ! : h?ccef '?J H faitlifuilv support ?nd
.?Mend tho C'netitutton <>t thu United
.'.tat- md the Union of the. f.tates there
und? r, and ti .it I will in like- manner
abate bv and faithfully support, idl laws
and proclamations win. h have been madr
during ih<? evi.tiug rebellion with r?f?r?
en?a !?> the eniu?i.?ipalion cf ; biv? .-. So
lt? lp ta- (i.i.i
Thu- a !'.)-.? ;". ejfl:;.-, of persona are ex
.?mpte.r from il bc to-ti tr. of thia procia
1st. Ml who are, or shall hav* been,
pr.t. id<.j i ,\ \ cr diplomatic otlicers, oi
ot her a ? ... dunii it .- ->r foreign agente of
the pretended I', at-de) ai.- < ? ov<'rum> n 1
._d \il who h ft jndiei.il ataluma undoi
th. United ?stat, i i iiidini.be rebellion
.d. All who ..ha'l have Ken military ot
naval oifhvrs of said pretended Con fed?
i at. l?o ve ruinent, a! ?ive th< 1 auk of colonel
in lite ariux oi Iieiiteriant-in the pavy
Ith. Vlf who left wats in the Confiesa
<<t th, 1 tutfd otalrii t.> a..i the rehelli tn
I M h. All who resigned or tendered r*sig
I nanon;; ot their eenuin ? ?iou . iii the array
J or nn?v ot th. I'role,: -.tales to evade duty
in n i,: .1 mg the robeiln n.
I'Hi A'l ? lu? dav? . ngag?d in any wsv
m ii eating otherwise than lawfully a - pri?
ai nd.. ?.I ?val person.; (,'..?!nd in th - United
J "';,.e.; :-.;??!. .-, a.. olrioen., sohl tera, a?, au.:-a
; -.. ,n .j t.- '*?? , -....!-.
i . ' ;- P-IM' ' . V. be'.
; .:. .?>*.? rr-"i MM Un ter! Sun- .- f.-,- ilia
purp..,- ol n?.?,.H! icbclh
Sch. A'l ?.i'i'.i' v and nnv.d ofii .1 n
ri... .. ri. ! -. rv: 1 .-, w< ,. . j-j ... . ., -
th . 1 lovel ii'.':-, it! m tie Militate Academy
I .0 Wi-?i. Point oi the United States Naval
Otb All p-o -.ens r?-h,. h-ld th? pretended
1 ofi?ees nf Gox'ernoi of States in icsuirec
; tieri .1-Min.t the I"'ill-.l StatCB.
luth. Alt persons who left their homea
wir.hin the jurisdiction and protection >-t
! i'he United .States, and passed b- vond tba
j '.??...,?! mihrary in. the ,,>-. ailed
M on., i -rat..- SUt-a t.;r th? purpose 01 aid
j , I, : ! . I . 1 ' . ' , ' ' N .
I Ith Ali parsons who have bren .=".-.
i gag. f 1:1 ihe >!. .iru-.-tion ol tho cominera
i;f the 1.1 ni?ed S?nica upon the high nea...
j and who have made raids into the Un i ti 1
I States fr>vu U mada, ur 1.n engaged in
destroying Mle i-i.tumerce: .1 the. United
Stale? np.tii the lakes and ri vera that aepa
rale i h.. briti h pro vint?n fi "in the I a itt J
Pith. All persons who, atthe f.?mo when
they ,,.,.).; to .d.tam tho b. neiit 1 her, .; by
taking' the otoh herein presar '?? -1, are lu
military, naval or civil i.-ontincutei.t. or
etaitml v, or lintier honda of the ?i*?I, milt
. ary or anvil Authorities of ie .-:?' . nf t\t<i
I toted States, as prisoners of wai ? ?' per
t-o!,s detained for offences ot any kind,
either before or atter conviction.
1st li. All persons who have voluntarily
participated in siiid rebellion, and the e ti
mated value ol' whose taxable propcrtv iii
( ver twenty thousand dollars.
Itth. All persons who have tal en (ii-,
oath ..t amnesty as prescribed in the Pre
'idrnt's proclamation of peeembcr s, A.
lt. isi'i?, or an oath of al egiajice?to th*
ii II vern men t. of the Un i ted'St ates .-> nee the
dat,, of sai l proclamation, an 1 who hnv?
not (henceforward kept a nd maintained
i !i?> same inviolate.
Provided, that ipecial application may
bo made to the 1'residenlfor pirdon by
any person belonging to thc excepte J
classe, ni-d such clemency will bo dbe
rally extended as may be consistent with
i the f.-v's o! thc ease and thc-pome and
I dignity of tho United Slates,
j 'Tho Secretary of Stat., will.establish
i rul.-s ar.ff regulations for administering and
recording t' c san! nmnssty oath.ao as t<>
insure its benefit to the people and guard
the 'Vi rr.ment against, fraud.
I lu tostic.it ny when -f. 1 have horeurfi? se.t
j my I.,:::d and caused the seal of tho
j Un i I ed States to 1.? affixed. . n
? Done nt thc 1 ?ty of Washington, tho -Otb.
day of May, in thc v.-ar of our U?r?-f
1 s i . i, and of thc independence of tho
Unite.! Stat s thc eicht?--ninth.
AXDuEW ?OHNSON. '
By the ri-eBidentr