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By J. A. SELBY. . COLtJMBIA, S. C., FRIDAY MORNING, MAY 19, 1865. VOL. l.-NO. 43.
THE COLUMBIA PHOJYIX,
PUBLISHED DAILY, EXCEPT SUNDAY,
BY JULIAN A. SE I/BY.
TERMS-IN' AD VA y CE.
Six months, $5
(Jue month, - 1
One square, (ten lines,) one time, 50 eta
Subsequent insertions. - 35 els
Special notices ten cents per line.
- ADDRESS BY" THE QOVEUXOR.
The crisis of the fate of Texas is
now upon all her people. As you love
Texas, as you revere her good name
and heroic deeds, as yiu share in her
interests and honor, be true to the
<luties she now claims from jour hearts
Faithfulness, courage, energy at the
present hour will save the State. Fail?
ing in these, you drag her into au
abyss from which there can be no
Negotiations are pending to secure
the vital interests of the State, and
enable the soldier, after his long years
of bloody toil, to have security at his
homo and pursue his industry in peace.
I declare to you that it is in vour
power to secure these terms. I call
(?od to witness that rf they are lost,
yours will be the fa*ilt. Self reproaches,
never-to cease; and the maledictions of
posterity, forever will follow you.
Hitherto the name of Texas has
heeu a brighter word for heroism.
Your brethren from the* battle-fields
beyond tlie Mississippi are on th.-ir
way to meet you. Tiley bring heavy
heart, but they bring souls true, to
dutv and instinct, with honor. All
that bravery eyuld dare, and inst incl
sutler, they did for you there. Here
they ask from you only firmness and
patience, a brief time, for . comruou
Soldiers! What will you have to tell
Soldiers! Hew will they regard youi
Will they recognize the name o
Texas Soldier to belong to you, if yoi
lail them and fail your country now1
Tho flag bf Texas, its '"Lone Star.'
still floats in the free winds. Others
have gone down. It is yet 'full nigl
advanced.' It is in your keeping. 1
dishonor and shame ever stain its brigit
glories, 1 tell you plainly you will b<
the ?men who do it. That ?lag i
entitled to your al'gianee and duty
True to it, it will remain the emblen
of honer and patriotism-of memorie
and hopes alike glorious.
I uphold no extreme view?. I hav
no impracticable designs. I declar
frankly to the people of Texas, that
.the terms can be procured which
oelieve we are now in the course <
obtaining, I shall how in what seem
the destiny which ruturus Texas to th
American Union, and in good faith,s
long as charged with your executiv
power,' I will seek, to effect this trat
cition in the manner which will be
protect, the interests of the 8tate.
am indefatigable in my efforts.
Soldiers! you in your place of big]
est honor-1 faithful to my post-let I
stand together firmly for the welfare
I invoke tho utmost exertions of .<
soldiers and citizens to uphold law,
preserve order, to protect proper
and c^l rights, and to save the Sta
Tho courage, which defends Rori
order is even nobler than that, of t
battle-Held. P. MURRA.H.
Tilt; OLD OKDETl OV TWX GR PASS
The past week has been eventful
Texas. Almost simultaneously t
Confederate armies in this State br?,
up and the men left for home; tb
had lost all hope of success, in 1
further struggle for Southern indep<
dence. Before going home, howe\
the soldiers helped themselves to
Government property all over
conn-try, from Galveston to Shre
port, respecting, however, all priv
property. The lawless manner in
which the public property, was taken
created apprehensions that private pro-1
perty would next suffer, and all private
houses were closed at (Alveston and
Houston for several days. But these
apprehensions were groundless. TbjB
public property being deposed of, the
soldiers left for home. The last (Jon
federate troops left Galveston Wed?
nesday, 25th. Thc mayors of Galves?
ton and Iloustou have organized city
guards sufficiently strong to preservo
good order, and since Friday all is
quiet in both cities, the citizens follow
iiirg their usual avocations. Governor
' Murrah has sent commissioners to x*ew
Orleans to treat for peace with the
Federal general independent of the
other Southern States, and has ' also
sent a guard to man the forts in this
harbor until his commission?rs can be
heard from. As to the condition of
the country Setweeu Hem patead and
Shreveport, we afe unadvised, the
telegraph wires having beeu down the
past six days.
[Galveston Bulletin, May 28.
Duration of "Life.
The average duration of life of man
in civilized society, is about thirty
three and a third yoars. This is called
a generation-makifinr three in a cen?
tury. Hut there are certain localises
and communities <>t people where this
a ve i age is considerably extended. The
mountaineer lives longer than the low?
lander; the farmer than the artisan;
the traveler than the sedentary; the
temp?rate than the self-indulgent; the
just than tho dishonest. 'The wicked
shall not live out half his days.' is the
announcement of Divinity. Tue phi?
losophy of this is found in the tact
that the moral power has a strong
power over the physical, a power
much more controlling than is gene?
rally imagined. The true man con?
ducts himself in the light of Bible
precepts, is 'temperate in all things;' is
'slow to anger;' and on his gra^c is
written-'went about doing good.' 1 :i
these three things are the great ele?
ments of human health; tho restraint
of tho appetites; the control of tue
passions; and that highest type of
physical exercise, 'going about doing
good:' It is said of the eminent
Quaker philanthropist, Joseph J. Gur?
ney, that the labor and pains he took
to go and see personally the objects of
his contemplated charities, so that none
of them should be unworthy bestowed,
was ot itself almost the labor of one
man, and he attended to his immense
banking business besides; in fact, he
did too much, and died at sixty.
The average length of human life of
all countries, at this age of the world,
is about twenty eight years. One
quarter of all who die do not reach
the agc of seven; one-half die before
reaching seventeen; and yet the ave?
rage of fife of 'Friends.' in Great Bri?
tain and Ireland, in I860, was nearly
fifty-six years, just double the average
life of other people. Surely this is a
strong inducement for all to practice
for themselves and to inculcate it upon
their children day by day, that sim?
plicity of habit, that quietness of de?
meanor, that restraint of temper, that
control of the appetites and propensi?
ties, and that orderly, systematic and
even i mode of life,' which 'Friends1
discipline inculcates, and which are
demonstrably the means of so largely
increasing the average of human ex?
Reasoning from the analogy of thc
animal creation, nv.nkind should live
dearly an hundred years; that lav
seeming to be, that life should be five
times the length of the period o
growth; at least, the general obser
vation i.<^ that the longer persons an
growing, the longer they live; othe
things being equal. Naturalists say:
A dog grows for 2 years, and lives 8
An ox " 4 " 16
A horse " 5 " " 25
A camel " 8 " " 4C
Mau 20y?n?, shkl live IOC
?>f - ?
Cut thc sad fact is that only one
man for every thousand reaches*one
hundred years. Still it is encouraging
to knbw that thc science of life, as
revealed by tho investigations of tho
physiologist and the teachings of edu?
cated medical men', is steadily extend?
ing tho period of human existence.
The distinguished historian, Macau?
lay, states that in 1GS5, one person in
twenty died each year; in 1S50, out
of forty persons, only one died. Dupin
says, that from 1776 to IS 13 the
duration of life in France iiicrea?cd
fifty-two days annually, for in 1731
the mortality was one in twenty-nine;
in 1843, ouo in forty. The rich men
in Franco live forty-two years on an
average, tho poor only thirty. Those
who are 'wei! to do' in tho world, live
about eleven years longer than those
who have to work from day to day for
a living. Remunerative labor and dif?
fusion of tho knowledge of the laws of
life among the inanes with temper1
ance and thrifr,are the great means of
adding to human health'and life; hut
the more important, ingredient, happi?
ness, is judy to bo lound id daily
loving, obeying and eerving Him
<W'U* giveth us all things richly to
HORACE GREEI.Y'S ADVICE TO THE
NKGIU*.-We hear that many of the
blacks, thoroughly, distrusting their old
masters, place ill confidence iii the
Yankees who have recently come
among them, and will work for them on
almost any terms. We regret this; for
while many of those Yankees wiil
justify thajt confidence, others will
grossly .abuse, ir. New England pro
Juees many of tim best specimens of
the human race, and, along with these,
iome of tho very meanest beings that
aver stood on two legs-cunning
rapicious, hypocritical, ever ready to
?kin a flin! with a borrowed knife and
make (for <nhflS#*"*8>- ?oup out of the
peelings.. This class soon become too
well known at home-'run out,'-as
Lhe phrase is-when they wander all
iver the earth snuffling and swindling,
to the injury ajid* shame of the land
that bore them and cast them out. Now
let it be genera!Iv presumed hy the
ignorant bl icks ot UM South that a
Yankee, because a Y; nkve is neces?
sarily their friend, and this unclean
brood will overspread the South like
locusts, starting schools and praver
meetings ar, every cross road?, getting
bold of abandoned or confiscated
plantations and hiring laborers right
?nd left, cutting timber here, trying
Dut tar and turpentine, there, and
growing corn, cotton, rice and sugar,
which they will have sold at the
?arliest. day and rmi away with the pro?
ceeds, leaving thc negroes in rags and
foodle?s, with winter just coming OB.'
The cup is frill-we have no moie
to say! $
Quite a new mode of punishing
wayward darkies took place Saturday
afternoon last under the-direction of
our Frovoi-t Marshal. A barrel was
procured, placed nuder a running gut
ter, and a refractory darkie made to
stand on top until he was pretty well
ducked. Such punishment is sum?
mary, and we hope will have the
desired effect-that of stopping the
plantation negroes from rintoul0' to
town with every loose r.tory of some
great wrong. Serve them right if
they can't take a joke.
j Wiiu^boro A'cws.
A nie!lio l ot' coating woo l "with a
varnish, hurd as stone, has recentlv
been introduced in Germany. The
ingredients are forty parts of chalk,
forty of rosin, four ol linseed oil, to
be melted togetner in HU iron pot.
One part of aative u.xit'e o? copper
and one of sulphuric acid, are then to
be added, after which the composition
is ready for ase. It is applied hot to
wood with a brush in tjie s.tnio way as
paint, and, as before observed, beccraea
exceedingly h.'rd on drying.
LIBERTY.-Ariosto tells a pretty
story of a fairy who, by some myteri
ous law of her nature, was condemned
to appear, at certaiu seasons, in ihe
form of a foul and poisonous snake.
Those w*ho injured her during the pe-?
riod of lier disguise, were forever ex?
cluded from participation in tho bless
ings which she bestowed. But to those
who, in spite <>f her loathsome aspect,
pitied and protected her, she afterwards
revealed herself in tho beautiful and
celestial form which was natural to her,
accompanied their steps, granted all"
their wishes, filled their houses with
wealth, inade them happy in hive, and
victorious in war. Such a spirit is
liberty. At times she takes the forrn
of a hateful reptile. She grovels, she
hisses, she stings. But woe to . thos^
who in disgust shall venture to crush
her! And happy ' are those*-- who,
having dared to receive her in ber
degraded and frightful shape, shall at
length be rewarded by her in time o!
her beauty and glory.
In 15G1, Bil ?lip T, sent the young
Constable de Castile to Booie to con?
gratulate Sextus V. on big advauer
ment. The Dope asked, 'are there so
few- men in Spain that your King
sends mo ono without a board?' 'Sir,'
said the fierce Spaniard, 'if his majesty
possessed the least idea that you
imagined merit lay in tho beard, he
would have deputed a goat to you and
not a gentleman!'
AN 'AsptRixo EotTon.-We see
that J. R. Hood, of the Chattanooga
Gazette, is out as a candidate for Con-?
gross in the Third Congressional Dis?
trict of Tennessee.
"Pappy, have guns gut logs?" "No,f
James/' "How do they kick, then V"'
Biit Mary with .Jcunny in her arms,
while pappy fell tainting upon the sofa.
T? TUE 3?ERCIIAXTS OF COLUMBIA
rrUIK DAI IA' vNEW's." Ynibiishod at
I Winnshoro, S. C., offers GREAT IN"- .
DUCEMENTS to the merchants of Goblin- t
bia as au advertising medium between
them and the merchants of Winnshoro.
The merchants of Winnshoro are. in a i
great, measure, dependent upon the mer?
chants of Columbia for their ??nppl?es; and <
as to their always knowing what supplies
the merchants of Columbia have on hand,
thc NEWS offers the inducement of a me- i
dium between them. ,
All advertisements left'.nt the Phoenix :
Office for publication in thc NKWS, will,.
as soon as practicable, appear in Winns- <
boro, when tho merchants of Winnshoro ;
can always see what, attractions thc ru?-r- I
chants of Columbia offcr them for purchas- -
ing their commodities.
Advertisements will be inserted at (for -t
St square of eight lines or less) fifty cents I
for the first, and thirty-five cents for each l
subsequent publication, invariably in ad- <
All communications left af the Plnenix <
Oilieo will bc promptly attended to. Ad- s
vert iseiiicnts can also lie forwarded per <
Express, and in each case must be accom?
panied with thc money. Advertisements ]
will bc inserted to t he value of themouey i
sent. Address .1. E. BRITTON, <
Editor and Prop'r ''The Daily News,"
.time g;i j ii Winnshoro, S. C. <
THE TEEMS OF PARBON. <
Proclamation by the President of the <
United States of America. i
Whereas thc President of thc United j
States, on tho ? th day of December, A. D.
18?'.:t, and on the "Jr'.th day of March, A. D. 1
I Sei', with the. object to suppress the ex- (
isling reb,-Ilion, to i mince ali piersons to *
return to their loyally and to restore the i
authority of (he United Stales, issue pro- t
clamations offering amnesty and pardon to (
ceri.lin persons who had, directly or by
imp,Kation, partie.ipated in thc.said rebel I
lion; and win reas many persons, who had i
so engaged in said rebellion, have, since i
the issuance ?d' said proclamation,- failed I
or neglected to take tBfe benefits offered 1
thereby: and whereasJWany persons., who
have Been justly deprrve.l of al! claim to
amnesty and pardon thereunder by reason J
of their participation, directly or by itu
plication, in said rebellion and continued
hostility to the Government of thc United
States since the dato of said proclamation,
now desire to a: - ly for and obtain amnes?
ty and pardon:
T - thc --n 1, therefore, that ll . autUoritj I
I of the Governaient of the United Stales
I mnv be restored, and that peace, order and
freedom may be established, I, Andrew
Johnson, President of the United States,
do proclaim and declare that I -hereby
grant to all persons who have directly or
indirectly participated in the existing
rebellion, except as' hereinafter excepten,
amnesty and pardon, with restoration of
all rights of property, except as to slaves,
and except-in cases where legal proceed?
ings, under the laws of the United States
providing for the confiscation of property
of persons engaged in rebellion, Jtave been
instituted, but on thc condition, neverthe?
less, that every such person shall take and
subscribe thc following oath or affirma?
lion, rin'l thenceforward keep and main?
tain said oath inviolate, and which o?th
shall be registered for permanent preser?
vation, and shall bo of the tenor and effect
following, to wit:
I,-, do solemnly swear or
affirm,"in presence of Almighty God, that
1 will henceforth faithfully support and
defend the Constitution of the United
Sillies and the Union?of the States there?
under, and that ..I will in like mariner
abide by and faithfully support all laws
and proclamations which have been mado
.luring the existing rebellion with refer?
ence to the emancipation of'slaves. So
help me (Jod.
The following class of persons are ex?
empted from tho benefits of this procla?
1st. All who are, or shall have been,
pretended civil or diplomatic officer?, <tr
otherwise, domestic or foreign agents of
the pretended Confederate Government.
lid. All who left judicial stations under
thc United Stale? to aid in the rebellion.
?d. All who shall have been military or
naval officers of said pretended Confede?
rate (Jovernment above the rank of colonel
in the arrnv or lieutenant m the navy.
4th. All who left Feats ri the Congress
of the. United States to aid the rebellion.
6th. All who resigned or tendered resig?
nations of their commissions in-the army
or navy of the United States to evade duty
in resisting the rebellion.
Otb. All who have engaged in any way
in treating otherwise than lawfully as pri?
soners'of war persons found in the United
?states service, as officers, soldier?, seam n
or in other capacities.
7th. All persons who have been or are
absentees from the United Stales for the
purpose of aiding the rebellion.
8th, All military and naval officers in
tho rebel .service who were educated by
the Government in the Military Academy
ut West Tobit or the United States Naval
9th. Ail persons who held thc pretended
offices of ' Governor of States bi insurrec?
tion against the United States.
loth. All persons who left their homes
within the jurisdiction and protection of
[.he United Skates, and passed beyond th?
Federal military lines into the so-called
Joofederate States for the purpose of aid?
ing thc rebellion.
I Uh. Ali persona who have been en- -
?agod in the destruction of tho commer?a
jf the United States upon the high seas,
ind who have made raids into tho United
?States from Canada, or b"een engaged in.
lestroying the commerce of tho United
States upon the lakes and rivers that sepa?
rate the British provinces from tho United
12th. Al! persons who. at the time when
?hey seek to obtain the benefits hereof by
:aking the oath herein prescribed, are ia
military, naval or civil confinement or
?ustody, or under bonds of the civil, mili
ary or naval authorities ot agents of tho
United States, as prisoners of war or per?
lons detained for-offences of any kind,
dther before or after conviction.
13th. All persons who have voluntarily
participated in said rebellion, and the esti
nated value of whose taxable property is ,
iver twenty thousand dollars.
14th. All persons who have taken thc
>afch of amnesty as prescribed in the Pre?
sident's proclamation of December 8, A.
[>. 1S65, or an oath of al egiance ?to tho
^ovenin^'nt of the UnitedlStatessince the,
late of said proclamation, and who have
mt. thenceforward ki pt" a nd maintained
Jie> same inviolate.
Provided, that special application may
ie made, to the President for pardon by
inv persbn belonging. to the excepted
dusses, and such clemency will be libe
.allv extended as may he consistent with
.he" facts of the ease and the peace and
lignity ot the United States.
The Secretary ot State will establish
rules and regulations for administering and
recording the said amnesty oath, so as to
nsure. its benefit to the people and guard
he Government against fraud.
In tei4iniony whereof, 1 have hereunto set
my h.iiid and caused tho seal of the
United States to be affixed.,
[lone at thc city of Washington, the 29th
day of May, in the year of our Lord
1805, and of the independence of th.e
United States the eightv-ninth'. -
ANDU UW JOIINSOH3
By thc President: ' %
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