Newspaper Page Text
Satarday Morning, July 1, 1865.
Speed the Plotigh.
It ia a question of great difficulty, wit
the thousands of our young men now oi
of business, what to do, and in what wa
?o employ' themselves. 1: is nature
enough, with all those who have hither!
been engaged in tindo, to feel at a lo?
what to do when lhere is no traT -whe
farmers have se little for the market an
shop-keepers arc at a loss for customer:
To all this ciass of piersons, it is a difficult;
lo address themselves to any new voca
tion, for which they have previously ba?
?o xperience. But a detcrniiuod will
the resolute energy to do something, th
wantof money aud the shaine of idleness
.will suffice to compel them to concentr?t
thought and purpose equally, in som
direction, hy which they may hope l<
realize the means of a comfortable subsist
?.nee. Let us commend al! these persons
thus doubling what to do, to address thei
attention to the life of the farmer. Il i
the pleasantest and most independent Hf.
iu the world, and the physical labor whicl
it demands, is really, after a beginning ha
once been made, no serious strain upoi
the muscles, and certainly not upon tin
brain. Three or four hours of the earl]
morning-from daylight to ten o'clock
three hours in thc afternoon, wiien th?
sultry period has p'assed by-and thelaboi
c>f the day will be adequately done. And
Tilter a little while, thc mind takes n B?ngU
"lar interest and delight in contemplating
the beautiful processes of nature, in lix
development of-her fruits and dowers. \V<.
have always had in South Carolina a large
quantity of vacant Isr.d. In fact, one ol
the greatest of all oar embarrassments, in
the wav of wealth and a high civilization,
has been t he sparseness of our population.
Wc can supply this now, will probably do
so in part from foreign emigration, and
will improve, ns a people, in proportion as
we do so. Let us grapple with our toils
manfully, and we shall triumph over all our
* By the adoption ol' the farming policy,
.wc eau colonize, here and there, our large
plantations, which have been abandoned by
theslaves. Thesemay be settled by young
meif out of business, who, with a proper
and cheerful resolution, can soon acquire a
knowledge of what is to bo doue. Farm?
ing is the most simple and easily acquired
business in the world, and a dozen young
mer., with twenty ac'-es of ?and each, and
a contiguous tract of woodlands for fuel,
can settle together, form a community, at
email rent or by purchase, and, in the
course of a single year, can accumulate ail
ihe provisions necessary for their own sup?
port and for the markets. With a single
mule, a singlo cart, a single cow, a single
sow, a hoe, a shovel, an axe and a few
bushels of seed, you have a really ample
-we may say a large-capital for a begin?
ning; and in one year after, you will have
a well filled barn, "a well-stocked farm?
yard, plenty of provisions for homo and a
lair surplus fer rale in the markets. Of
course, 6uch au establishment implies
much more. There -viii be butter from
the cow, pigs from the sow. poultry from
thc iarm-yrd and the various et nil's from
the garden. There is scarcely a situation
;n which fi*'i are not to be hail from river
and creek; scarcely a farm or plantation
which will not yield abundance of game.
Thc pea season will give you partridges;
.die harvest and winter time, doves in
droves; equirr.-'s ire a small deer, but
a imirably line-liner than chickens, when
potted; and an American rabbit, smother?
ed in onions, L a delicacy lit for a sultan
There are fruits whieji only need a little
care-grapes at the hands ol nature,
peaches which only need to be protected
from the borer, (which only requires watch?
fulness,) apple.-:, which produce won?
drously in the stiffer soils, and all the
summer fruits, of spontaneous growth.
The planter, deserted by his negroes, and
still holding his lands, can do nothing
? better than raise a colony of his friends,
and, collecting a small fund together for
an outfit, they eau establish a flourishing j
community, which shall not only support,
feed and clothe the whole settlement, but j
give ther.i what, is most precious still I
among all classes, the benefit of good and -
genia! society. Briefly, we have to sub-I
stitnte the firming for the staple cul tur.- !
have to abandon, in a great degree, our I
dependence upon trude-at least for nj
while-and address ourselves to an occu- |
support. A bank of potatoes, ju rt now, is
much more sure to give us food than one
of discount and deposit.
Lifo of Abraham Lincoln.
We nre indebted to the publishers, J. B.
Peterson <fc Brothers, of Philadelphia, for
copies, received by mai!, of the Lives of
Abraham 'Lincoln ?nd Andrew Johnson,
the. late and present incumbent of the
Presidential chair at. Washington. The
volumes are gotten up in excel lent ?ty le of
print and paper, and are sold nt seventy
five cents in paper cover. They are illus?
trated hy portraits and other engravings.
We have gone through the pages of the
life of Lincoln, which is very well written,
and ap'pears to be sufficiently ample in its
details, containing a full history of his
life, assassination, death and funeral; his
career ns a lawyer and politician; his ser?
vices in Congress, with his speeches, pro?
clamations, acts and *.'ervices as President
of the United States and Commander in
Chief of the army and navy, from the time
of his first inaugur?t ion ns President of the
United States until thc night of his assassi?
nation. This, the only new and complete
edition, by distinguished oye-witnesses of
it. Idr. Lincoln's death-bed scenes, ana a
fuil account of the funeral ceremonies,
from the time his remains were placed in
the East Boom at the White House until
thev were finally consigned to their last
resting place, in Oak Ridge Cemetery, nt
Springfield, Illinois, with addresses and
sermons by the Hon. Schuyler Colfax,
Hon. George Bancroft, Rev. Henry Ward
Beecher, Gen. Walbridge, Bishop Simpson,
etc., with a full account of the escape,
pursuit, apprehension and death of the
assassin. Booth. We think, indeed, that,
if anything, thc fault of the work is pro?
lixity and not meagreness of detail, and
the former faalt will be.readily forgiven
by an avid reader. There is one item
which, we fancy, might very well be en?
grafted among thc details of the volume,
which yet does not appear within it. ?The
biographer, by referring to Carey's Mu?
seum, published in Philadelphia, just after
the revolution, will discover that Abraham
Lincoln, who was probably the grand?
father of the late President, was one of
the protestants against the adoption of thc I
American . Constitution, and thc protest,
which is an nhl", one ami numerously
signed, is grounded unoa very genuine
State lights doctrines, lt will prove cu
rious reading for the present, especially if !
included in such a volume. To all persor.s
curious in this history, the present biog?
raphy will prove amply satisfactory. The
career of a man rising from nothingness
into eminence, will always prove valuable
and instructive for the young.
NOMINATIONS IN NORTH CAROLINA.-The
Hon. A. Dockery has been nominated by
the citizens of Rockingham County as
their ii i- it choice for permanent Governor
of the State. Hon. W. W. Holden has
been nominated in Wak* County. Col. J.
R. Kuss, W. Ii. Hood, C. J. Rogers and J.
? . Pennington are nominated in the same
county-the first for Congress, the last for
the Convention. Thc nominations, in?
deed, aie becoming fast and thick, and
the wise ii^-u Bpringng up thick as
locust*, entraeting the privilege to save
ANDERSON INTELLIGENCER.-Wc aie in
receipt of this neat little paper, issued in
Anderson, by James A. Hoyt and W. W.
Humphry. - Wc cordially wis!) sucosa to
these publishers, and a speedy enlarge?
ment of their limits. But they must, like
ourselves, wait patiently until the- wind
comes out from the right quarter. It's an
ill wind that blows nobody good.
Francis Kinloch Simons, eldest sVm of
Daniel und Sarah J. Lesesne, died in
Charleston on the ?Gth Ju.?o, in the 21st
year of, his age. So, also, we find the
death reported of Miss Susan.A. Ward.
Hon. George W. Gale, of Cahaba,. Ala.,
is the person arrested fer otu ring pro?
posais for tlie assassination of President
Immense numbers of civil and military
officers of the late Confederacy arc apply?
ing to President Johnson for pardon.
Sherman is spoken of as tho Democratic
candidate for the governorship of Ohio.
-.O. _.- -
WASHINGTON, June 28.-Tho Young
Men's Christian Association have closed
their transaction for the purchase of Ford'
Theatre for the sum of $100,000. Seve?
ral church orgauizaJiona bad been in
The office nf the Columbia Phoenix is
on Gates street, second door from Plain.
We "have a New York Tribune, of the
22d June,' for which we are indebted to a
friend. From this we gather sundry |
Our readers euc invited to an exnminn.
tion of the stocks of Zealv, Scott <fc Pruns,
as this day advertised, of creiturc and
other comforts suited to a due ctdebraiion
of the approaching anniversary of Ameri?
PRICE OF COTTON.- There will always bo
a considerable discrepancy in prices, as
between buyer and seller. Thc one natu?
rally seeks to bu)* as cheaply, the former
to sell as dearly, as possible, lt is not
.easy to reconcile the difference between
the parties. We have been censured for
reporting cotton in this place at thirty
cents, instead o? twenty. We b<-g to say,
or the threshold,Aliat we have none lo j
se!.'. Had we the gr._-ei; backs, we should j
like to buy. ll cotton be selling at 4ii a
.lo in New York, it ought, to bring from
25 a Su here. 'This would leave margio
enough fer profit tu a moderate-minded
denier. We should remember lliat the
colton now lett ia the country constitutes
our specif-it, is utmost thc only capital
we have with which to begin the world
anew. We wish all the profit of this cot
ton to remain in tho country. Wo need it
ttl!; nud our planters would dt> well to
weigli the matter well before they sell.
Cotton, cannot decline for some time lo
come, lt must rise. Paper eui ?ency ;s
moro apt to decline than cotton. Cotton,
in other bauds than ours, is like to rise
prodigiously. "We should prefer to see ;t
rise in ours. A .vord to the wise is suffi
cieut for them. For thc foul?, nothing
need h.: said. We beg to say that, having
been reproached for reporting cotton at
2t!, and having been essured that it bad,
in one instance, commanded SO, we re?
ported accordingly! Our report ean .!<* no
harm, a> it will ?J iL tho respecti :a trading
parties properly on their guard, and ike
longer the contest lasts, the better, in thc
end, for the coller. Thc buyer r:;;."t lake
care of h ansell-v. e isl,all try to take care
of t'.ie country.
E"S*~J ' K us o N A t.-All eu hscr i be rsR? o th e
Phavix whose subscriptions have <.::
pired, will p!ea:-e cou.e. forwa'-d nr.d
renew, in specie cr Government Treasury
uotes; otherwise their \ >ap? u. will bc- atop
?-2? W *> wi-.!, it distii.ct?y understood
that our terms are .cash. No advertise?
ments '?iii. therefore, he inserted unless
[und for ir. advance.
WisniKCt 'M, June 21 -Rd mu nd Ruftin,
of Virginia, who tired the first gun on
Fort Sumter, is dead. Ile committed sili?
cide i.car Richmond, or Satin la) last, by
blowing his h?ad oit .vit!-, a gun. A
n:eirjorandu*r. wu- lound ninoni; his ; ape?**,
saya th? Iii>-fnnm\.? Republic, stating that
he could not live under the Government,
of the United States-th,.I lie pt (den ed
death lo doing so.
TMICHATION FRC:.' EUROPE.-The rtew
York correspondent cf the Philadelphia
L< tiper vv- ri tei.
".Nearly 2,000 English, Irish and Ger?
man emigrants arrived here this morning
in tiie steamers Germania and City ol
Cork, and if the letters from the packet
agents on the other side can be relied
upon, we may expect au average of about
4,000 a weeli from now t 1. -.be Fall. With
the "restorat ion of peace in America, the
impression is said to ha almost universal
'throughout Germr." y tba! lhere H a btjtter
opening for Inboi than ever before. Hun?
dreds ol' families were selling ont' ut
various ?"laces, lo emigrate in a body.
They expect employment as farm hands in
the Western States. The English, Irish
and Scotch emigran is, who came via Liver?
pool, seem t? enter: ai u like expectajiot t
as to the demand of labor, but thev dillVr
from the Germans as, ;..> the locality it I?
best to 6t-ttU down i: . and hence, wnilt
the latter proceed to ihe country ci
speedily ns possible afur their arrival ai
Castle G?rdc::, the fermer, es a genera
rule, prefer to taiie their ch au cea for om
ployaient in the eitv."
_? ^ ._
Marshal Stewart, "a guerilla," and ;
negro named Lewis, the murderer of M;
McGrath, at Shelby ville, were executed a
Louisville on Tuesday at the .m'i-Iitary pi i
On Tuesday evening. 27th J imo, bv Rc*:
Mr. Sham!, AUGUSTINE T. SMYTHE, <
Charleston, S. C., to LOUUsA R..y?ung-'
daughter of the late j>. McCord, of Cc
lumbia, S. C.
On Thursday evening, June 20, by th
Rev. J. J. O'Connell, ?it the residence <
the bride's mother, Mr. JOSEPH W. (.ol
DON to Miss N EDE Ll A LOUISA Did
F Ft", a1' ??' < t,..,.t..^.,.r. s. G.
History of the Naval Academy.
The Naval Academy, like West
Point, ivas "projected io the earliest
days of thc republic. Ltshistony ia nob
quite so rich in points as that ot Wost
Pointy but Jess widely known, and
therefore particularly appropriate here.
The first naval committee was appoint
ed December 11,1775. For nine years
from 1780* the war and navy depart?
ments were united. A Naval Academy
was proposed by Alexander Hamilton,
and the last letter ever written by
George Washington, two days before
bis death,"was to urpe ihe adoption-of
Hamilton's plan. The proposition was
often-debated, and wlu-n finally about
to be executed Governor's Island was
proposed as the site of the edifices per?
taining to the schools. Southern men
were loud in their advocacy of the
scheme, and Hayne, of South Oanolinr?,
wa0, one the stanchest adherents of the
Naval Academy, a-5 also Gen. W. FI.
Harrison, of ?ii^mi fdnv*.;^ Various
obstacles were thrown in tue wnv of
tho. realisation cf this excellent scheme
For aaaoy years after the o rgn ni "etti on
of tbs country, the War and Navy
Departments were united, but at la-t.
laking the responsibility, George Jlati
croft, Secretary of the Navy, in "S45
determined to locate a national naval
school without tbe^permission of Con?
gress. Ile' conferred with the Virginia
commander, Franklin Buchanan, and
through the good willoi'Gen. Winfield
Scott, obtained the transfer to the navy
of the useless post of Annapolis-; "a lew
commonplace ?difices '.vero arranged
to receive the cadets, and the institution
was opened Friday, October 10. 1S45.
George Bancroft may, therefore, be con?
sidered the founder, and Commander Bu
cha?an, who threw up his commission
the beginning cf the rebellion, WHS the
first Superintendent ot** the Naval
Academy. The second superintendant
was Commander Up sh ur, o? Virginia
who made ?orne additions to tn?
schcol. The schola'ship at first re?
sembled tluit of Wist Point.
The first practice ship used at. An
nap dis wai the P.ebie, and the first
cruise was made in the summer ot 1 S"0.
This attracted great attention, although
naval education ir. Earope was /fuite
common by this time; ikerecond cruise
Came <>tf Mi I Soli, and tras a very
extensive one, einl.racing Made]ra, the
Canary ate! the West In ia Islands.
The next cruise, that of 1 .S5-4-, took in
Corunna, Plymouth Cherbourg, and
Brest, the latter p ut being thereat nf
toe i'teucli Na>..-.I Cadet Sch.uel. The
present Admiral Goldsborough "was
fourth superintendent nt Annano'.is
Dnring these years many improvernenfe
^?re ina<le in the course of study, the
organization, etc., sud the cadets becams
prom.- t-i.i ia our marnte establishment.
Who bas forgotten Hern ion, who sic >\
at his p ist when the mail ship founder?
ed,'and polished with ber. There is a
monument lo his heroism at Annapolis.
In April. 1861, the rjbeliion began,
art'i played havoc with Annapcl?3. The
frigate Ooti*tiuni->n. the ?samo which
Holmes the poet reauested thu thunder?
bolts to ^iok, ai d wnich had been com.
pletely and beautifully rebuilt* was
desired by the Marv la nd lebe!?, who
planted a b itt?rv m ar br Annapolis,
and defied ??,o Government lo take her
ont of shoal water. This was accom?
plished by the Elghjph Massachusetts
regiment on the 21st ot May, and in
putiishmejtt for thc treachery of Anna?
polis, she lost temporarily tho owner
shipof the cadet school. 122 out of
tho' 263 pupils resigne.1. and went.
South. Thel43 who remained were
place'! at '.'orr. Adams, in Newport
harbor, and in the summer succeeding,
the Atlantic Hotel was rented from
Edward F. Newton, am! converted into
a naval barracks.
In ?-^o-i^ !60 cadets came out of the
school; i ri 1837, 15 graduated out ol
176; in 185S, nut of 180 cadwfs, 2c
graduated; in 1852. 42; in 1860, 21
graduated out of 282; in 1861, cnl\
141 cadet s remained steadfast, and then:
were no grad?ale.-, '?'his year, 35 under?
graduate^ nevertheless, took pl-ices ii
tho navy; then the school was transfer
red to Newport; and, in 1862, 2'
graduated out of 220, in 1803. 20 on
of 362; 1S64, 25 out 398; in 186559on
o? 44.". The graduating class thi?year i
v [JVviv York World.
A quarrel without, lighting ?j th
baudcr without lighting":
A V.'>.sT VIRGIN!* Vlf* OF POLITICAL
AiKA1RS IN EARTEUS VtRfilSIA.- Tile Whee!
ing (Va.) iMelligeyieer-iL? 1er?ding poper
in" JV .-st. Virginia-das a long editorial
upon Gov. Pierpont and affairs in Eastern
Virginia. It Kaya thc Governor is n "ra?
dical" man, 1 ut
"So far as it represents nay spirit rf
revengefulness,- the Governor i > a conser?
vative in iii0 true and ynabused necepra
tion of the teem, lit; realises that tb?
eountry now demands statesmanship, not.
partizanship, at yis hands-that i' is de.
dirallie not. to perpet?ale a government ?if
bayonets aud ilr^m head court martial.?
that the ti ce leader und refofcim-r of the
hour is he wh? build:; his hopes and expec?
tations of government upon the consent of
the governed, and upon nooth-r iou nd ci?
tion. The chief difficulty in bis WHV is
the restoration of the elective franchis-.
On the one bund, he is urged to -use bis
influence lo have**the Legislature that re?
cently sat in Alexandria, ned that will
meet again in Richmond, exercise that dis?
cretion confided lo them by the new Con?
stitution, which allows an extension of
the right ol suffrage beyond those few
persons in Virginia who were not. impli?
cated in the rebellion. He in pressed to a
recommendation . f ibis sot-1 by reas,in cf
the chaotic condition <.i tie.- counties. As
malters etai.d, no utan can record a deed,
hold ~ court, administer an catii, celebrate
a marriage, gran! a license to do business,
administer on an estate, ur Jy ativ oilier
ii el l.'iut iv<- ii ires court organization, li n -
less the people eau vote, they ure bo;.eb s
!y stagnated, and their only refuge is tu
leiiv; the State as la^t as they can sed or
sac ri ti ce their property. Thia is ona view
that confronts Gov. Pierpont at the sturt
in the work of re organization ??nd restor?
ing V ii ginni. '
Horace Mat nurd, of Tennessee, is a can?
didate for Justice of the United Males
Supreme Court, as a successor of .'..dee
Ata meeting of the Baltimore Agricul?
tural Society, V- ediiesday, ?11,00b' were
euh.-cribed in a'd ?.!' S- tithern farmers.
Toe New Yoi k Tunta says that President
Lincoln lett ut his death about fi itv thou?
sand dollars in Government eeeur tie*.
3y A, E.. Phillips.
THIS (Friday) MORN ING. at 10 o'clock.
I wrul sell ut my nuclioti room, Beddi's
Row, a variety vf article?, consisting ol
Sstoue Jaie, bua-s Fenders, Tu'.-, lot
Faints nn<l Paint Brushes, ?ot ut B< oks.
l.ouO lbs. Horseshoe Iron, Black Pepper,
?i.e. Ju! v ? . "
3y C. F. Harrison.
THIS MORIN I .Nt;, at S-J o'clock, i will sci!,
near tile Lower Kation House,
The follewing articles:
Shae's, Traring Cloih, Blankets, Cap Fa
per, Anvil, Oven, Hoes, Decanters, \v ?Uer
Pitchers, Wash 'J'ui.-, Clothing, Aleln-n
Cloih. etc. ? Iso, a line Barometer. Ai*.-,
one Ca.!'. Unlimited articled received up
t ? 'hour of ?ab-. i uly i
?fi.?es, Wagons, Harnes:;, ?se.
3y J&eoo Levin, Auctioneer
ON MONDAY iVloRNiM?, -U Julj next,
will he .-old. at [he Gu it td Howse, or
O ld Fellows'School Room, at lu o'?: .???;>?:,
& well-broke 5ii.?-s a:;e. three "A ago ns
and Harness, belonging to the city ot Co?
\ Hors-, Buggy ami Harness and i tine
Sad l'e lioise. conditions Cssh on deii
I very. Jut:e 80 55
For Sale cr Eire,
,4 T rer.9onnble prices, two FIANOS
J.\. ?> ond f>i octave. Apply to A. TRAT -
GEH, near Fraze? s now buildings.
inly 1 * .2?
A COVERED VAGON will
.leave for Aiken,MONDAY, 'uly
:;. Ko i- ireight or passage, npjdy t< 1 *
COI FIN. al .Miss Green's house, corner
.Senat-' and Bini streets. July 1 I"
A Line o?' Boats *
XT/lLL ply regularly between tb* city
? ? and Alston an'd Shelton's Ferry,
connecting with the Greenville ?fe Colum?
bia and Spartanbnri? ?t Union Railroad at
thp above points. For freighter passage,
apply to WM. SIMONS, Bull stte'-t, above
Banding._jn y -
! 1 *7 CHOICE English DAIRY CHEESE
i ? Packages LOW'S WINDSOR SOAP.
W FIT KW/SH BRUSHES.
IO* 13 Ereneh C LASS.
? 100 lbs. PUTTY .-Ac.
1 Just arrived am: for i-ale by
I july i 2 KENNETH ? GIBSON.
Fourth of Jilly Luxuries.
ZEALY. SCOTT-& BRUNS bec to an?
nounce to the lovers of liberty and
all good things that they are in ike r*1? sipa
of the following luxuries AIM creature
oornforts, viz: Almonds, Raisins, Currant*,
Figs, Brazil Nuts, ?c , ?te ; Corn Starch,
for puddings; Crackers, Biston BUeuit,
Ginger ?ind Tea Cakes; fine Cheese,, Sal?
mon, Mackerel, Herrings, Coffee, Tea,
Brown and Crushed Su rars, and all tho
Spices. Allspice, Cloves,' Cinnamon, ?vc,
with a thousand-other articles of equal
Importance to a Iv ur iii ol ;- h c?l?bration.