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$1 a Month, in Advance. ''Let our just Censure attend the tmo Even*."-Shaksprare. Single Copies Five Cents
By J. A. SELBY. . COLtJMBIA, S. C., FRIDAY MORNING, MAY 19, 1865. VOL. l.-NO. 43.
THE COLUMBIA PHONIX,
PUBLISHED DAILY, EXCEPT SUNDAY,
BY JULIAN A. "SELBY;
TERMS-IN AD VANCE.
Six months,. - - - - $5
One mouth, .... i
One square, (ten lines,) one time, 50cts
Subs?quent insertions, - 35 cts
Special notices ten cents per line.
?Repentant Rebels Returning.
Among the more prominent citizens
?who have come back are Hon. Win.
Alston Pringle, Judge of the City
Court; his brother, Motte A. Pringle,
Chief Quartermaster of the rebel
.troops around Charleston; Theo. D.
Wagner, a Charleston member of the
house of Johrr- Fraser & Co.; J. B.
Campbell, one of the ablest lawyers of
the Charleston bar; James H. Taylor
and Ii. A. Pringle, two of the princi?
pal auctioneers, who made vast rebel
fortune'* selling blockade goods, ar.d
Mr. Wm. Gregg, proprietor of the
Judge Pringle's elegant residence on
King Street, near the Battery, is now
the headquarters of Gen. Hatch, and
Mr. Wagner's mansion is used for the
offices ot the United States Tax Com?
Mr. Wagner, who was the mere
business superintendent, of the. noto?
rious house of John Fraser & Co.,
having nothing to do with politics, was
the prime of generosity and benevo?
lence in the community during iiie
.siege. Besides lavishing money among
all who sought his assistance, he gave
carie Hanche to the Sisters of Charity
and the rebel Provost Marshal Gayer
to draw upon him for any funds to
relieve the Uni^n prisoners wheo con?
fined in Charleston. He also added a j
subscription of one thousand dollars a i
.dav for lue free market for. the people, j
and five* hundred "a day for the Way
side Home, for soldiers. He is now j
reduced to almost beggary, but has
tak^n tho oath of allegiance atid gone
cheerfully to work. Con. Hatch at
first sent for him and would have
placed him iu jai!, but on the appeals
and representations Lora Union of?
ficers, old" Union men pf the.city, the
Sisters of Charity and the poer gene?
rally, he will not interfere wi?h him.
To the credit of Mr. Wagner it may
be added that he never went outside
of the business department of the
house, with which he was connected
before the war, and refused the agency
for the sale of rebel bondi?, besides
declining lo go to Europe and act as a
member of the , English house of
Fraser, Trenholm ?? Co. during the
war. On tho arrivaj of Gen. Seymour
and his brother officers for confine?
ment within shelling rang.? of our
batteries ou Morris' Island, Mr. Wag?
ner succeeded in procuring for them
the commodious private residence to
which they wore transferred, and
which iva*, in fact, entirely out of
lange. He also arranged with Gayer
to furnish them with everything they
.needed which could bc obtained in the
city. V' i--3 31t)t surprising, therefore,
that, he has received clemency at the
hands of Gen. Hatch. He has since
been visited by hundreds of poor and
.others lo testify their gratitude lot his
liiudness.--From the Charleston Cur
ysjjondence of the New York Herald.
Vor assaulting and wounding ?.wo
' United States soldiers, a negro in
Richmond was 'bucked,' drummed
[through the city with a placard on his
Lback, and afterwards placed iu a collin,
k'rotn which a piece large enough for
Iiis face to show was cut, his face
rbi tened with Hour, his hands cross
Ll on his breast, and theu the lid being
[ailed down, the coffin was placed
..?inst the outside o' the building and
le negro exposed for two hours to a
rowd. Half dead with fright and
[eat, ho was finally released, alter
romping to behave bim-elf in future.
Serious Affair in the Market.
Ou Saturday evening a very serious
disturbance took place in the market,
causing a great deal of excitement, and
! resulting in the killing of ono man
j (colored) and wounding of tinco
I others, a Zouave and two colored nftn.
j Tho particulars, as reported, are as
A small squad of Zouaves had been
ordered on police duty at the market.
One of them, while patroling the
middle market, came into collision with
a party consisting, it is said, of a
number of the 21st U. S. CT. and
the 54th Massachusetts Volunteers,
(colored.) in addition to a number of
outsiders. The Zouave sent for assist?
ance, when the squad came up, and
afterwards the whole company on
police duty arrived from their quarters,
when the market was cleaved. In tho
melee which occurred previous to the
arrival of the company, the colored
soldiers fired a volley among thc
crowd, killing a well known respecta?
ble colored man named James Bing,
badly wounding in the head Corporal
[ Bietry, of tho Zouaves, and severely
wounding two o th qi colored men. In
! the fight stones and bricks, &c, were
i liberally used. Th? unfortunate de?
ceased, at the time ho waa shot, was
at bis stand engaged in soiling eggs.
The Zouaves, after the volley, ma ie
! a charge, dispersing the colored troops.
It is also reported that thu Corporal
of the 54th Massachusetts, who march?
ed bis squad to the market without
orders, was intoxicated, and has been
j put under arrest. He claims that he
j went there to quell the disturbance.
I During Saturday night several dis?
turbances occurred in other portions of
the city, leading to the most exag?
gerated reports, morst of which, after
vigilant search, we are enabled to
state were entirely without, foundation.
[ Ch" rleston Co n ri cr.
SPAIN AND CHILE.-Prom our late
news from the PucfTic it would appear
that there is ?i probability of war be?
tween Spain and Chilej following on
the hostilities of the former power in
Peru. The Spanish fleait ho.s gone
from Calao to Valparaiso, it is report?
ed with the intention of obtaining by
force indemnification for the refusal of
the Chilean Government to furnish
coal in her ports to tho vessels of the
Spanish squadron. Such a demand
on tho part of Spain strikes us as
being both impudent and unwarrant?
able. The presence of a United
States squadron in Chilean waters
might have tho eiTect of restraining
her contemplated assault upon the
republic of Chile.
THE NATIONAL DEIST.-The follow?
ing is a comparative statement of the
National Debt of the United States,
at different times since 1791:
Jauuary 1, 17!)1, ?75,-1 63,4TO 52
January 1. 1S12, 4.*>,209',737 OU
January 1,'1 Sl?, 127,:;:)4,933 7!
January 1,1820, 89,985,537 72
January 1, 1830, 291.089 OJ
July 1, 1S4(>, 1 ?,750,926 33
November 15, 1S5C, 30,963.909 04
July 1, 1860, 64,769,709 O?
July 1, I SGI, 90,807,S28 6c
July 1, 1862, 5 H. 21.0,371 9;:
July 1, 1803, 1,098,793,181 37
July 1, DS64. l',740 690,489 <U
January 31, 1805, 2,270,579,186 IC
The Bodleian Library, at Oxford
England, has just got une ther treasure
willie shape ola new an'.oomph o
Shakspeare. It is written in faded ?ni
on the title page of a small octavt
Aldi he edition of'Ovid's Metamorpho
ses,' (1502.) The signature is abridged
into 'Wm. Sbr.' The London Athen
ivv.vi adds that 4it is at once eviden
thf,t,-unless it is a forgery, the bara
which wrote it is that which (jonei
the will of Shakspeare,' and the sig
nature is corroborated by that of th
owner in 16S2, who bas written with
in tho cover, 'This little book of Ovi
?as given to mc by W. Hall, \vh
said it was once A Vii. ShakspeareV
The Great Cable. -
By tho arrival of tho Canard steam?
er, wo learn that, thc whole twenty
three hundred miles of thi> Atlantic^
Telegraph cable was on board the
Great Eastern, and as boon as the bal?
ance of tho paying-out machinery w;?s
put up tile telegraph fleet would sail
for Valentia, and il was hoped before
their departure from Valentia that n
United States Government steamer
would join them. The vessels will
probably leave Valentia on the lOlh
of July, and arrive at II art's Co??
tent, Trinity Bay, aben!, che ?4tb ol'
July. The Directors of 'he Company
have decided on tho following uniform
tariff between all parts of the United
States and British North Amer'.;!:
To Groat Britain, ?20 stetting for
twenty words or less, au 1 21 for each
additional word. To the Continent of
Europe, CM for twenty word?, and
Cl Js. for cadi additional word. To
Asia and Africa, ?'2.5 for twenty words,
and .tl ."..>. f r each additional word.
Tue address, date and signature are all
to be counted and charged for in tues
sages. Messages for places in Asia
an ! Africa, to which the telegraph
does not exlcud, will bu forwarded by
the first mail, postage paid. Messages
in cipher will be charged double these
raie.-. The Directors are convinced
that unless they charge high prices :.t
first there will be such an accumulation
of business that great delay will arise
in the transmission of the messages,
but they* intend to put down new
cables as last as possible, and then
reduce tho prices. The cable will be
opened for business as ;OI;L after it L>
iaid as possible, and all messages will
be forwarded in the order iii which
they.are received at Heart's Content
and Trinity Bay. The new stock of
the Atlantic Telegraph Company sel is
in London at a premium, and old
?'1,000 share? at ?500.
Mr. Chas. A. Dana was sc me time
ago acting as Assistant Secretary of
War. He Ls now editor of the Chicago j
Republican, and the Albany Argus j
welcomes him to tiie editorial tripod
in this fashion:
Ile will fail signally. His place is
among the mouchards of the police. I
and.ne-t among honorable journalists;'j
?and in three years he will be in Wash?
ington, begging for office, or lobbying I
for chums, lie lus been the insti?
gator of most of the outrages upon j
thc press by the War Department, ile
bas constantly behind his door, posted
behind a screen, a short-hand reporter,
who takes down the conversation of
every visitor, to bo used if necessary
against birru He failed the Washing- j
ton correspondents with false rumor*,
blackening the characters of his ad- j
JUST RECEIVED, 4 ?
THE LITEST STYLE BiMETS. j
TpIBBOXS, INFANTS li ATS, LACES
?Jb and TAN CV OM BS. A:.
MKS. S. A, SMITH'S,
Taylor street, opposite Sic..ey Bark. i
July ll .:. j
*JT CI, O <o> lo 3La G "ZT i 30L 9 j
Auction and Commission Agent, I
Comer of Tl<?n and Assembly Streets, !
nfl] L give particular attention to the
.lisposal of Beal Estate, Colton,
Provisions and General Merchandize.
Will attend to the sale of furniture, ?tc.,
at any part of the city that own*iv may ,
re-pi i've. July 7 [l-i \
PER STEAKER GREE ABA'
T7" ? st CS- s.? st r?. 1z> zr I
\ LARGE stock of French CORSETS.
JOL Ladies'SHOES, HOSIERY and PA?
RASOLS. Call at,
IL SOLOMuN el CO.'S,
assembly street. West, ]?.'.? w Plain.
?'Joticc! j^'oiicc; !
JUST received and foi sale, a fresh sup j
ply of COFFEE and SUGAR. At I
HARDY SOLOMON & CO.'S, ?
Assembly ?treet, West, below l iuiu. j
July ll 5 1
I Gen. Sup'ts Office C- & S. C. E.R.,
CHESTER, JCIA 3, 180?.
?NT11, further notice, trains will be run
daily on (his road, ns follows:
Leave Cha?lotte ut S a. tn.; .arrive nt
Adjjer'? about 4 p. m. Leave Adder's at
V a. m.; arrive 111 Charlotte about 3 ]> m.
July 0 12 .IAS. ANDERSON, Sup't.
ii A ii ? Y SOLOMON &' CO,
I T TA VE just received and opened a lot
! Xi of BEA CTl Fl* L CALICOES.
; A lot -r Ccntlemen's FELT HATS,
COLORED SHH; rs.
And Li!? ?WN DEN I MS, for children ?'
! wear. li. SOLOMON ?t Cv?-,
W.-*t sid* Assembly street,
I Between Piain and Washington streets.
Headuarters Militarv District of
! . CHAPvLESTOy, S. C., .??a.Y ?S?:J
? VJ OT I CK is her-by given to all con
? li cerned, that nil clawns for thc posses
I sion of propert y, whether real or personal,
j :;? temporary use <.! the militarv nuthori
I ties of thc United Stale.? within this Dis?
trict, will !>,; adjudicated by the Courts to
I he established under General Orders No.
I 102, Headquarters D?partaient of the
I South, with a final appeal to the Com
I mander of the Department. Special atteri
[ lion will he pa; i to c ans for personal
: property, such a* carriages, harness, horses,
cte. Tlii Government does not desire to
. retain possession of tue property of loyal
cili/.ens. By command of
! Brevet Maj. G m. JOHN P. HATCH,
j LEON.MUJ B. Piatuy, Ass't Adj't Gen'l.
Olticial: JOHN WALTON, Lieut, and Post
, Adj't, Columbia, S. C.
I July ll . _j?
! Hea?q'rs 1st Provisional Brigade,
COLUMBIA, S. C., ,h-L\- 7, 1S?5.
I CIRCULA t?.
I ^*X7 HERFAS in many cases colored
; f 7 people are declining to make the
im\< st ^nt raets fo?- labor that can he offered
j tracts, arc not koepb'g them, or arc ioav
j i: ? their places when, ver they like:
. -, i . ! erehy ordered that those refusing
? > ranko fair contracts, or leaving their
! places without consent of military com
j manders or their employers, to the detri
! meat of tho crops, shall be put to hard
! labor by the military authorities. All
desiring to visit the troops, or to visit C?>
i lumbia, Orangoburg or fort Motte, will
; obtain a written pass from their employ
cvs, without which pass they will be at
once arrested; if they eur.ie lo enter com?
plaints, they will be set. right, if such
complaints prove true: or punished for
making groundless complaints.
A. S. 15 ART WELL.
Brevet. Brig. Gen, Comm'dg.
By order of N. H AUGHTON",
bient. Col. Comm'dg Post.
JOHN WAI.TO.S-, Lt. md Post Adj't.
. -iu:>" 10 " _ IL. i
Her.uo'rr> Z?crthom District Denart
ment of tho ?cv.th,
COLUMB?A. S. C.. di?XK 27, 1S05.
GENERAL ORDERS No.-.
O?? and alte- the date of this order, ai!
telegraph lines in this District are
placed under tl' j control of the military
Any telegraph operator failing to give
precedence lo n. iitnry over civil de?
spatches, both in receiving and transmit?
ting th-: same, will be considered guilty of |
military 1 lisdemcinor, and punished by
sentence of a iiiilitaay court, or at Hie
disci- -'ii-n of the nearest military com?
mander. By command of
Brevet. Maj. Gen. .1. P. HATCH.
(Signed,) LEONARD B. PERRY.
June 2? 15 Ass't Adjutant General. 1
THE TERMS OF PABL02T. j
Proclama'ion by the "President of ilia
United States of America. i
Whereas the President of the United j
States, on the S th ?lay of December. A. D.
1 Si-::, and on the Stith day of March, A. D. ?
lS?-?, wah the object to suppress thc ox- .
isling rebellion, t? induce all persons to I
return to thi ir loyalty and to restore tho 1
authority of the United States, issu . pro?
clamations offering amnesty ami pardon to
certain persons who had. directly or by
implication, participated in the said rebel?
lion; and whereas ma nv persons, who had
so engaged ia said rebellion, have, since
the issuance of sai 1 ? reclamation, failed
or neglected to take the benefits offered
thereby; and whereas many persons, who
h ive been justly deprived of all claim to
amnesty and pardon thereunder by reason
of lbj-ir participation, directly or by im?
plication, in said rebellion and ?.??..!:.-.:. ;d .
hostility t.o thc Oovernmentof the United
States .--?nee the date of said proclamation, I
now desire lo apply for and obtain ninnes 1
ty aud pardon:
' T 1 the cud, therefore, that tb? authority
of the Government of the United States
may be restored, ne'! that peace, order and
freedom r>''?y bc established. J, Andrew
Johnsob. President vt the United Stateo*
do proclaim end declare that 1 hereby
grant lo all rjersonj who have directly or
indirectly participated in the exitUog
rebellion, except as hereinafter exeep?ed,
amnesty and pardon, ?villi restoration ot
all ritrlita of prrpeity, except ai t" slaves,
and exe?pt ia caaes where local proeeed
I bigs, viador the laws of tb" United Staten
providing fu thc confiscation cl' pr ?petty
j of porron? engaged in rebellion, have been
j inst it ni i ..i, bul en t';<' erudition, ccvcitl;.''
I less, that ifvwry pue! person shall take and
subscribe thc followmj- oath or affirma
! lion, and tio-ncefoiward keep and rnain
t '.in ! . inviolate, rnd w ii ich oath
shall be r?:gis!etvd f<>r permanent preter
?atiou, and shall bi? ot thc tenor and effect
; I,-, on solemnly swear or
affirm, iii presence of Almighty God, ilia'.
'? ? will henceforth faithfully support and
j defend iii'- Constitution of tim United
j States mol the Union nf th.: States lhere
under, ami th;'.! i wiil m like mannet*
j abide by aryi faithfull? support i !i laws
i and proclam?t.?ni-, which have been r:'n?*Jc
I during the existing rebellicn with refer?
ence to the emancipation ?I" vos. So
I help mc God.
I The following class of persons ure es .
I empted from the benefits of this punda?
! 1st. All who are, i>r shftll have been,
i pretended civ.l . r diplomatic oiiicers, or
I otherwise, domestic ?.;. foreign agents ot
j thc pretended Confederate Gov? ruinent
I 'io.-.Ml who left judicial stations nader
lite United Stat, s to aid in the rebellion,
j Sd. Ali wno shall have been military or
. naval officers of said pretended Confede
j rate Government above the rank < : .'.'^>oel
! in the army or lieutenant m the navy,
j ?Ith. Al! who lo? sea's ii the Congress
. ol the United States to aili the rebellion.
5th. All who resigned or tendered resig?
nations of their commissi ns in the airnv
or navy of the United States io evad. ckity
in resistinc; the rebellion.
t'.th. All who have engaged in anv "ruy
I ?ti treating otherwise than lawfully as-pri
?.<??"?rs ?rf wsr pi-.vn-* f?u??3 ia ii:.: United
; o?- in. other capacities.
? 7th. All j:or?t::s who have been or ar?
absentees from the U: ?ted States for ti- i
purpose of nid'.rv tim rebellion.
I 8th. Ali military .and naval officers in.
j the rebe! service who were educated by
j the Government iii the Military Acadetny
at West Point or the Ur ii 1 States .Sa va I
9th. All persons who held the pretended
i oihces of Governor <J:' Staten iii insurrec?
tion against t he United Status.
j 10th. All persons who tin ir homes
within the Jurisdictioi and protection of
j ehe United Slates, and pas-.'.': beyond fha
I Federal military lines into tho so-eolied
j Confederate States for the purpose of aid
! ing the rebellion.
j 11th.. Ali persons, who have leen en
j gaged in the destruction . ?' tl?e c '.'amerce
I of the United States upon the high seas,
I and who have made raids into ihe United
States from ('amida, or been . ; in
destroying the eora::., ree of lim United
States ripon the lakes and rivers that sepa?
rate the British provinces from the United
l*Jt li. All persons who, at th? time when
they seek to obtain the benefit- hereof by
taking"tin- oath herein prescribed, are in
militai*}*, naval or civil confinement or
custody, or under bom1.-: of the civil. :. :li
tary or nriva! authorities ?'1 agents of -t!???
United Stat as. as prisoners of war or per?
sons d-rtained fm- .Hences o? o i\ kind,
either before or after ci av?etion.
l?'h. All persons who have voluntarily
participated it: said rebellion, und t! e esti?
mated value of who.-., taxable property ?*
over twenty thousand dollars.
14th. Ail per-.;::; who have taken the
oath of amnesty as prtw:r.b I in the ?'re?
sident's proclamation ot" December S.A.
1). 1805. or ai. oath of alegiance ?to the
Government of the Uni JlStates since tho
date of said proclamation, and who
not thenceforward kept and maintained
the same inviolate.
Provided, that special application may
bc made to the Presidentto!-pirdoti by
anv person belonemg ti the ...cented
classes, and such clemency will be libe
rally extended as may 1? : ms'.-Lsat with
tho* facts of the cr. 'e and tao per.ee and
dignity of thc United Stat.-:.
Tho Secretary of State will establish
rules#and r?gul?t ions for admin isterinc ar- 1
rccorcling the said amnesty oath, so n's1 to
insure its' benefit to ike people and guard
the Government agains?fraud.
la testimony whereof, 1 have hereunto :-?!.
my hand and caused the seal of thc
United States to be affixed.
Done at. the city of Washington, tho 29th
day of .May, in the year of our Lord
ls.'."-, and of 'tie independence of the
United States ti e .'._'?: ?.. sir:'h
AJ?DRUV J OH "'"S
By tito President:
? WM." H. SE TAU). Sccve?arv ?. Si?n