Newspaper Page Text
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Friday Morning) Joly 14, 1865.
1 "T" i I -=
' Taking for granted that Mr. Perry will
accept, or has accepted, the appointment
of Provisional Governor of the State, we
may reasonably assume, from his known
habits of business and energetic industry,
that he will proceed at an early day to the
re-organization of the State. This im?
plies, in addition to a call /or a conven?
tion, the adjustment of the popular vote
and the appointment of a general magis?
tracy; the reconstruction of our educa?
tional system, which includes thc common
echool, the Military Academies and thc
South Carolina College. For the due
establishment of the?e, and on thc best
footing, much preparatory inquiry, much
philosophical thought, are required; aud,
wc take fur granted that our conn.ion
school system must take in the children of
the newly made freedmen. Of course, the
freedmen are subjects of taxation for this
purpose, the same as any other; and the
sooner we adopt a tax on every poll,
black, white and "promiscjis," thc better
able shall we bo to arrive at a solution oi
the question in ways and means. During
the continuance of the Provisional Govern?
ment, the officers of the State will receive
their salaries from thc United States Trea
sury, which is now the general receiver ol
all taxes. The salary of thc Governor i<
put down at ?3,000 per annum-a sun:
quite too small, with suth duties on hu
handstand tn acorannmity like our;', where
the freight alone nearly reaches thc'mar?
ket prices of the article. The populalior
of thc State before the war was a fractior
above 700,000. Down to a comparatively
late period, the amount of our annual ex
pendituro was some $700,000. How easy
to adjust the taxes to thc exigency, hy
making every citizen, of all complexions
pa3T a single dollar ou his head! and Ilea
ven help him! what is his head good for, i
' he is unwilling to pay a dollar for h
credit. The tax is equal-all heads, ful
or empty, arc complimented with thc sam
liberal estimate. Such a tax is honorabl
and complimentary; it disdains any con
sidcration of your wealth and ho?' yo
came by it, aud only rates the man him
sell as worthy of the consideration of th
assessor and the treasurer, in his own pei
sou rather than his mere chattels. It thu
puts the man on his dignity. Man, womu
and child, black, white and equivocal, ca
thus walk tho street?, able to cry aloin
"There is a price upon this head!" An
where a price attaches, avalu? is suppose
to attach also. Thia is not unfrcquently
mistake, but the rule holds good in def
ance of thc exception. What says Bun
iu confirmation of this idea?
"The rank is but the guinea stamp,
A nina's a man for a' that."
Aud yet, it might not bc a bad idea 1
make men pay for the degree of the
; rankness. An inodorous people must I
made to commend themselves more co
tideralcly to the community, and the pr
cess of coercion will be best fouud in tl
pocket nerve. But we leave the Prov
bional Government for future develo
Tho Lunatic Asylum.
It ?urely will not need thal we shoal
say anything lo our people, or tho couuti
at large, in respect to thc eoiuiition of tl
inmates of the Lunatic Asylum, after tl
publication of the simplo and unatlVete
but impressive, representation of Dr. Par
cr, its able superintendent. Wo entreat
the families personally interested; of tho
citizens who have the means of succor
their hands; of those authorities whi<
possess the necessary power and resourci
to be prompt in their efforts to relieve tl
institution, dedicated to the relief of t
most cruel forms of human Buffering, V
Uarn that the rations of yesterday, wi
all the efforts of the superintendent, ha
partially failed, and unless relief is ve
coon provided, the rations must aitogelf
fail. There was no meat whatsoever!
the inmates yesterday, and if the morn
shall bring forth no succor, the next d
and the next will have such painful rc.'
lotions to make as no good citizens will
quite willing to ht^r. He who giveth
tho poor lendeth to the Lord, and th
arc the poorest of all the poor and mi
rabie of earth. It should he very 'gr'a
ful to bc a creditor of the Deity. Let
charitable think of it, and, to use the. 1
guage of Strift, "If they do not distr
ttl? strvi'y. I ; 'he? do wa with th? du
- .-?T- .-. --T-7
. "* .Cotton.
By our last European dates, we se? that
cotton has considerably advanced, and
that it maintains itself firmly in the mar?
ket. We have also reported sales.of up
lauds iu Charleston at 314;. Estimate as
you will, there cannot be in the whole of
the Sooth more than a million and a half
of bales. The crop of the present .year
will add but little to the number. We
doubt, indeed, if thc whole stock, includ
ing that of the present year, will be found
to reach a million and a half. Let holders, j
especially in first hands, see that they
make the most of it It is a vital consi- j
deration with us to secure to first owners
and to the community-winch need? all
the capital it can raise-to hold all the
proceeds cf this cotton in our own suction
-to sell not a pound, except at good
prices; those prices only falling short of ,
the several standards in Liverpool, New
York and Charleston, as lo "leave a sufi!,
cient margin for the expenses of ship
pine, freight, insurance and acrency. Do
not suffer any eager desire fir money in !
hand to beguile you into any unnecessary
LATEST.-We have a Charleston Courier,
of the 10th, from which we make extracts
We note that gold ranged in thc New
York markets, on thc 1st, at Ul to 139?.
The range of thc thermometer in Charles
ton from the 8th to the 10th was from 92
to 'JGA degrees ia the shade.
Capt. T. C. Lewis, Harbor Master of the
port, died suddenly of congestion of thc
brain, probably from sun stroke.
S. G. Courtenay lias been appointed
chief of tim fire department.
GliOWTU AND PROGRESS OF THE PuONlX.
We are preparing for expansion. Our
limits are cabinned, crib! ed. confined. The
demand upon our columns enlarges daily-,
and we need to enlarge with it. We ex?
pect new supplies of printing material this
week, and next week, should this material
arrive, thePhcenix will tako he flight on
a br?ader wing. The mails are now be?
ginning to be carried with great regulari?
ty, the routes are opening to nearly all
the divergent point?, aud, with very little
delay the P?nevix eau now he ruado to
reach every District in the State. Our
country friends, accordingly, will do wtll
to secure themselves, by prompt subscrip?
tions, the benefits and blessings of tbs
only daily paper in the SliUe, the Charles?
ton Courier excepted.
On Saturday, the New York German
Sch?tzen Corps, consisting of sixty men,
sailed for Bremen to take part in the ia
ternational shooting match at Bremen,
which will begin on the 16th of this
month and end on the 23d. The Sch?tzen
Corps is composed of the best marksmen
of this city, nearly all of whom arc wealthy
Germans. The company is commanded
by Capt. Buscti, who is a splendid speci?
men of the Teutonic race, weighing 356
pounds.-New York Post.
CKOWOED-Notwithstanding thc large
additional hotel accommodations given us
by the erection of the Sea Island Hotel,
both houses are crowded to-day. The hot
weather drives ihe burnt np citizens of the
inland cities and towns to the sea-const,
and, as" we have said several times before,
we are getting to be the "Point Comfort"
of this section of the sunny South.
\jfort Royal New South, Si//.
I A STKI" IN THE RIG UT DIRECTION.-An
j attempt is making to organize free schools
j for the children of the poor 'whites at
' Richmond. This is a st?p in the right,
direction. Every child in 1 he South should
have a good educadoo, if possible. In
communities where five schools spread
their enlightening influences, there is less
All loyal persons in Kentucky whose
slaves have enlisted in the army bf the
United States are entitled, hy Act of Con?
gress, approved February 24, 1864, to a
just compensation, not exceeding ?;iuO for
each slave enlisted.
lt now seems that the indians commit?
ting outrages in thc West are the A rapa
boo tribe. For some time previous to the
OM ! break, they were fed fey the Govern?
ment. Three columns are preparing to
march against them.
Junius Brutus Booth, brother of tho
Booth who killed Lincoln, has been ac
I quitted and released from custody-not a
tittle of evidence having been found
Western Texas is full of guerillas and
robbers- Wagon trains are. attacked and
plundered daily. Even the property of
passengers on the cars in Texas is plun?
St. Domingo has been evacuated by the
Spaniards. Although the families who
assisted the Spaniards were protected hy
treaty, they have been compelled to leave.
The. rebellion in Hayti is gaining ground.
GefTrard's forces aie Buffering reverses.
"Doestieki." is editing a paner at Al
Weare again uuder obligations to tho
Southern Express Company for late copies
of Charleston, Port Royal and Augusta
papera. ; .
See the new advertisement of Henry
M. Drane, General Superintendent of the
Wilmington and Manchester Railroad,
makins* a change in the schedule of run?
ning time on the road, and indicating the
several points of connection -which the
cars will make, and at what times and
To Tr.AYELUr.us-Lines of travel are now
open from Columbia in nearly all direc?
tions. To that of Sumter, the Pee Dee,
Ch.?raw, ?fee., -we have Shivers hack?. At
Kingsville, you take the Wilmington and A
Manchester ears. Ey ibis route, also, if j
you please, you take your way, via the
North-eastern Railroad, to Charleston.
Another route, including several lines
Hates, Coffin and others-is by way of
,Orangeburg C. H. At this poiut there is
a line of slades for Augusta, via Johnson's
Turn-out. Courtenay's and Olney's line
-a light spring wagon being the vehicle.
-conveys pnsienr*ers to and fro between
Columbia and Alston. This connects
with the trains running lo Newberry,
Greenville, Abbeville, cte. Passage to
"V\ innsboro, Chester and Camden can also
be procured at the general agency of Dar?
bee & Walter. We thus indicate all the
commanding places, at all the points of the
compass, now all attainable from Col um- !
bia by comparatively eas}-, safe and ch-np j
FIXE Airrs ABOUT TOWS;-We hoar of
robberies in and about the town, which
prove that the chevaliers cTindustrie have
resumed those branches of the fine arts
which were in such active operation just
before the arrival of the United State?
forces. Shops have been broken into in
this city and plundered to tunes sounding
in hundreds and even thousands. We
hear of-fields and yards stripped of their
matin cern. The professors of these arts
are growing bold. They have long since
proved themselves dextrous, in manipu?
lating and appropriating; and there is an
ugly fate standing at the elbows of each
which cries, in sepulchral accents, "Root,
hog, or oie!" Now, these hogs, famous at
rooting, are never famous at sowing or
working. They think it quite enough, to
do the harvesting from the fields sown by
their neighbors. What.is the policy of
States, cities and communities with regard
to all these rooting animak-J What was j
the secret principle involved in the law
r.gainst vagrancy, vagabondage, ?.lioness,
and the absence, in the case of thc indi
vidual, of any visible means of earning
his own livelihood? A revival of these
ancient laws is absolutely essential to the
security of those who sow ami work.
The}- should be protected. We need a
penitentiary, especially now, when the
whole population is elevated to the rank
of freedmen. Freedmen have their re?
sponsibilities, and are to be reached by
judicious punishment. The pocket nerve
is that of keenest sensibility in present
times. Touch that! The white man re?
lishes least the heinz amerced in the
pocket. Ile finds the argumentum ad cru
mcnam, thc most impressive of all areli
nie nts. Try the fleshly freed population
b}' the annie nerve. It will be found quite
ns sensitive as that of the white man. He
has just as much money now in Ins
pocket, ss any white man among us. J
Sweat him in that rog:-MI for lareeny and j
other similar practices in the firse arts, j
The effect will be to elevate him in ?sense
of social responsibility, lt will make him
more scrupulous in his thimble riggings
and priggings in ftther men's diggings.
Let fine and forfeiture, as well as hard j
working, solitary confinement and bread '.
and water, be among his pains and penal- I
ties, bet him understand that the money
! for which he perils his iiewdy created
! status vhnli be taken fr. rn him, whenever
it is shown to be ill-got cn, and you will
find him amenable to pious exhortation.
He does not like to disgorge his stolen
fruits. Ile Wili t^roan and make wry faces
but, if the penalty be insisted on, and the
punishment adhered to, he will rise to the
social dignity of one who feels and can
boast that he hath had losses. We throw
out these hints for those in power. As
j stolen fruit:, aro always sweeter to a boy
than any other.so, to the grown plunderer,
the deprivation ol' his stolen chattels is
felt more seriously than any loss incurred
in legitimate progress. String up the
offender by his thumbs, if you will; huck
bim and pillorize; but make him empty bis
pockets also. So shull he be persuaded to
heeonie virtuous-minded in coarse of time.
BETWE'"'" Columbia and Orangeburir,
a LAL i 'S GOLD WATCH, open face.
The finder viii be suitably rewarded by
leaving it at this office. July 14 2*
I Butter, J& VLttG>j?m
JUST received from 1 lie country, 100 lbs.
fresh BUTTER. For sale bv
1 july 13 IIJ.K? ? x .'.0L0MO? CO
To the Patrons of the Lunatic Asy?
The argent necessities of this institution
require that I should, in the most public
and expeditious method, call attention to
its condition, and urge .upon all having
friends within ita walls to come forward
promptly and cancel their indebtedness;
and to the benevolent and the humano
throughout the State, to contribute to?
wards the support and comfort of this
unfortunate and afflicted class of the com?
munity. For the la*t ?ix months, it has
been upon the borders of Buffering. None
of the luxuries.'few of the comforts and
scarce the neeesnnries, of life have been
within reach. Owing to causes apparent
to all, my appesls to the Board of Regents
and to the late Governor for aid. have met
with no response. My application to the
commanding-General of the Department
was promptly answered by an "'order for
rations and medicines," but the denian?!
upon the supply at this pout bas been *o
great, that only five days' rations have
been furnished. By my own personal
exertions, the Asylum 1ms beor so far sua-*
tained and actual want averted. But my
resources are now exhausted, and I "nave
only to look to those whose duty nnd iu
terest it is speedily to being succor und
aid. Communication is now compl?te,or
being rapidly opened, to every . portion of
the State. Crops are now made, and
travel by wagon no lovger unsafe. Pro?
vidions of nil kinds will be received iu lieu
of mccoy, at. tho market price i ri this city.
Let there be no delay. I appeal to you in
behalf of the most afflicted of our race.
.?. V. PARKER,
Sup't and Physician Lunatic Asylum, S. C.
Information Wanted Q
OF JOiiN .1. DAVIS. Compauy D, 15th
S. C. Regiment. Was a tailor, a:id
lived in Camden, tr*. C. Was well on the
ltd of February. ^Any enc knowing bis
late or whereabouts, will confer tv favor
by communicating the information to his
afflicted anti destitute wile at Columbia,
S. C., or to thia office. Exchanges please
extend this not iee. July 14
Headquarters Military District of ?
CHARLESTON. S. C.. *ULY R, 1S65.
GENERAL ORDERS NO. 69.
A NY officer or soldier having in his
X'IL. possession captured or abandoned
property of any description, will, on the
demand" of T. C. CA LL I COT T, Esq.. Sup.
Sp'l Agent U. S. Treasury Department, de?
liver the same, to him.
Means of Transportation held by the
Quartermaster's Department, tb? neces?
sary Dooks, Storehouses and Offices, with
the Furniture pertaining to the same, will
be retained by the .Military Executive
Departments. By command of
Brevet Maj. Gen. JOHN P. HATCH.
LEONARD B. PERRY, Ast't Adj't lien.
July 14 G
AND FOR SALE LOW, AT
SBEITOX, CALVO & CO.'S,
Bull Street, JVext to Old Pout Office.
N addition to former sti ck, we have
just received the following articles:
Ladies' Heeled SLIPPERS.
" ^ Glove Kid GAITERS.
Misses' SHOES in great variety.
Men's SHOES of all kinds.
Children's SHOES of all sizes.
Men's fine Felt HATS.
" Wool '?
20 doz. HOOP SKIRTS of finest quality
12 doz. Ladies' CORSETS,
6" doz " Silk VEILS.
Toilet COMBS and BRUSHES.
Ladies' HOSIERY, Men's HOSE.
White Crushed SUGAR.
*. Powdered "
Light Brown Cotfee "
Buttel and Fancy French CRACKERS.
Adamantine and Sperm CANDLES.
Old Java COFFEE.
Smoking and Chewing TOBACCO.
Mason's BLACKING, Shoe BRUSHES.
CHAMPAGNE, quart bottles.
Old Bourbon WHISKEY.
Whiefr w/ll be sold on proper certificate.
E^TParties bringing COTTON to mar?
ket will do well to ctdl upon ns before dis?
posing of it, as wc are paying the highest
GOLD ard SILVER bought and sold
July j 4
By Jacob Levin. ,
rHlSfMORNING, at IO o'clock, I wilt;,
sell, at my Auction Room,
Saet?n* articles of Furniture.
Carpenter's Tools, &c
, ALSO, '
iiO bushels Corn. j
12 bags Rye. ' ?
Lot Rope: j
250 Empty Bag?, lot Bab els, &c.
? fine young Mule. . July 14 1
Change of Schedule on the "W.i
mington and Manchester Bailroar?.
SUMTER, JULY lt, lSi',5.
ON and after July 10, trains will run
tri-weekly over this road, as follows:
Leave Kingsville, every Tuesday, Thurs?
day and Saturday, at 4 45 a. m., for Pee
Dee and all stations on the Cheraw and j
Darlington and North-eastern Railroad
passengers reaching Charleston same night. 1
Returning-Arrive at Kingsville every
Monday. Wednesday and Friday, ot 8 42
p. m., from any of the points indicated
above. HENRY M. DRANK,
July 14 12 General Superintendent.
lt. DESAUSSURE has rebuilt his
buna office, adjoining tim Coflrt
House, where he may bo consulted during
the usual office hon rs. ^ July 13 3*
"BOUGHT OB. SOLD.
COIN. SILVERWARE, ?c. Highest
price.? paid bv
ZEA LY, SCOTT-,* BRUNS.
Brokers. Auc'Joneers and Com. Merch'ts.
July 12 B
COLUMBIA, S. C., JI-LY 12. l?G.r>.
* MEETING of Stockholders of this
.i\ Bunk will be held nt Mr. C. J. Bol
lias dwelling bouse, on MONDAY next,
the 17th inst..at ll o'clock a. m.. for elect?
ing a President and Directors of the Bank,
and for other purposes.
july 13 ALEX. LAUGHLIN, Cashier.
Change of Schedule.
C^qjsj-p PASSENGERS for Kings-villa
? 5 ? ?- and Charleston are in formed-.1
thal in consequence of a chung.*; of sehe?!
nie on the Wilmington and Manchester
Uailroad, the CARRYALLS frc m tl?.- .do?
ver House will leave Columbia hereafter
on Monda}-, Wednesday and Friday, at 5
5 p. m. j n'y 12 5'*
BES. No. i MACKEREL
Jj 4 boxes fine CHEWING TOBACCO.
1 chest extra fine TE \.
20 ba^s N EW FL< >U R.
5 ENGEISH CHiEESE, very fi -e.
20 boxes SMOKED HERRINGS.
1 bbl best VINEGAR.
10 boxes RAISINS.
] hex OLIVE OIL.
'5 boxes COLGATE'S PALE SUAT.
20 doz. BLACK INO.
TOILET and TOOTH BRUSHES.
TOILET SO A P, GINGER, SPICES, ?fcc.
Together with a variety ot other goods,
which will be sold LOW.
July 13 2
"rv 20j ms rt cs y> a *?. q I
?J- SsE mi <xk ssc S?jb sss e V
153 Meeting Street, Opposite Char?
CHARLESTON, S. C.
JUST received; a fail supply of DRUGS,
C1 i EM I CA LS, GL ASS W A K E. DY ii
STUFFS, PAINTS and LIQUORS of nil
kinds for medicinal purposes, ?tc., which
we offer to the trade at lowest rates.
. AGENTS roa
DB VICE'S PLANTATION BITTERS,
Pure KEROSENE OIL,
And KEROSENE LAMPS.
Ju!v ll 6'
PIANOS TO RENT.
ONE seven-octavo INSTRUMENT, of
exquisite tone and finish, and two,
others ol good quality. Tho rent will bel
moderate, to ap. roved parties. Apply iaJ
Winn street, near Charlotte Depot
?Inly 12 wf2*_W. SHEPHER\
A FINE stock of DRUGS and MEDI
l\. CINES just, received by
H. SOLOMON ? CO.,
Assembly street. West, below Plain, t
Brass and Copper Wanted.
HSOLOMON & CO. still continue tc
. purchase BRASS omi COPPER
Thu highest market, pri?e will be paid.*
H. SOLOMON <fc ca.
Wes* ":dc of Assembl-r street,