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Saturday Morning, joly 15, 1865.
What for Judgment?
There are few persons properly able to
know or say what a ?ne and unwonted
prospect demands of the beholder. No?
thing is more gradual in growth than the
capacity for judging of the fresh and un?
familiar, ho sees all the charms of land?
scape or picture, where either ka* .ny*
thing in it, at a first glance of the eye? If
you can see all ?t onc<\ such landscape,
such picture, is of little merit. It has no
attraction for you in reserve. It cannot
grow upon you, and there is nothing
latent which the philosophical or contem
plative eye will be able to discern in it
hereafter. The first glance suffices, and
you need not take the picture home with
you, nor wander again in search of the
landscape. It is? different with fine pic?
tures or fine landscapes. Dealing with a
good pioture, or a fine study, you must
give yoaraelf time. You must wait until
your own mindrie ^elopes In the Discovery
ef what is latent in the picture. Thent
and not till then, will your standards
grow, giving you the capacity for judg?
ment. You must wait for this, and watch.
Give yourself time for exploration, and
wait patiently as a little child, believing
that you know nothing, but wishing very
much to know everything. As long as you
talk perpetually, it is certain that you
never hear. Be quiet for a season; Only
suppose that God has not given to the
poor painter his faculty in vain. And in
your prayers that night, implore of God
that he shajl quwken for you that sense, or
faculty, which Irks been BO long perishing
within you from non-user.
Rates of Negro Labor.
Gen. Howard, we are told, has disap?
proved of the order of Capt. Bryant, who
undertook, in Georgia, to regulate the
?rages of negroes. Gen. Howard is very
good; but really, when we published-as
we did-the orders of Capt. Bryant, we
never supposed the man to be serious.
We took for granted that it was one of
those stupendous official jests which make
no man laugh-which make men grin
and which are designed to effect the con?
cussion of a heavy cannon which is
ehargcd with powder only. If Capt Bryant
was really serious in his order, what must
his jests be? Such terms as he prescribed
would inundate the country with white
laborers from all the provinces and Srates
of Europe, from Massachusetts and other
Islands of the Blessed, from Nova Scotia,
the World's End, and Little Bug a-boo!
Sport to the laborers, it would be death to
the proprietors. A man's land would then
be his ruin, and in degree with the num?
ber of his acres would be the decline of
his resources. In proportion to the num?
ber of his former slaves Would be -his
destruction at the hands of his freed em?
ployees. The negro would snap his fingers
at care, who would take up her seat on
both corners of the proprietor's chimney,
and peel his potatoes for him, giving him
all the peel, while his darkiea went off
with the fruit. .
Execution of the Assassins.
We have advices of the execution, at
Washington, on the 7th instant, of Mrs.
Mary E. Surratt, Lew;s Thornton, (other?
wise Payne,) David E. Harold and George
A. Abzerodt, condemned, by a military
court, for the murder of Abraham Lincoln.
They are all described as dying penitent.
Mrs. Surratt made a confession; she died
firmly and quickly, without any struggle.
Payne died* a horrible death, the knot
having slipped from behind his ear to the
hack of his-neck, so that the suffocation
was a slow process, and the neck remained
unbroken. Harold suffered also, and it is
said his neck was unbroken. Abzerodt
died easily. The execution seems to have
been a very bungling and cruel perform?
Arnold, Dr. Mudd and McLaughlin are
tobe imprisoned for life. Spangler is to
be confined in the Albany Penitentiary for
. THE GOVERNOR.-We learn that Gov.
Perry has gone on to Washington, via
Newberry and Chester, we presume to
receive detailed instructions as regards
his office.. A few days will bring him
back, and we doubt not that he will then
proceed to his labors in Columbia.
Moggie Mitchell is playing "Little Bare?
foot" in New York. She hes many fini
tato rs-in the streets.
GROWTH AND PROGRESS OF. THE PIJONIX.
We are preparing for expansion. Our
limits are cabinned, crib! ed, confined. The
demand upon our columns enlarges daily,
and we need to enlarge with it. We ex?
pect pjfcw supplies of printing material this
week, and next week, should this material
arrive, the Pheonix will take he?* flight on
a broader wing. The mails are now be?
ginning to be carried with great regulari?
ty, the routes are opening to nearly all
the divergent points, and, with very little
delay, the Phonix can now be made to
reaeb every District in the State. Our
country friends, accordingly, will do well
to secure themselves, by prompt subscrip?
tions, the benefits and blessings of the
only daily paper- in the State, the Charles
ton Courier excepted.
HABEAS Co?rus.-??en. Hancock, having
the custody of Mrs. Surrntt, was served
with a writ of habeas corpus from the Su?
preme Court, requiring him to produce the
body -of Mrs. Surratt at a certain hour.
He took no notice of the writ. The court
decided that it? powers were absorbed by
the rsh?Rhry, and could do nothing. There
is no law but that of the sword. Subse?
quently, Gen. Hancock made a return to
the court, and showed that he was acting
under special orders of President Johnsen
-that, in brief, the President had sus?
pended the writ of habeas corpus for the
Columbia Prices Current.
SATURDAY, July 15, 18G5.
Ale, on draft, $2 per gai; pts.$5 per doz.
Brandy, Apple, 3 a 5 per gal.
" Peach. 3 50 per gal.
Bacon, 121 a 20 cents per lb.
Beef, fresli, 10 a 12 cents per lb.
Butter, 30 a 50 cents per lb; Goshen, 60.
Cori; $1 per bushel.
Cheese, Im. English, 35 H 50 cents per lb.
Coffee, 50 cents per lb.
Cigars, per hundred, 2 a 12.50.
Candles, 25c.; Adamantine, 50 a 60.
Chickens, spring, per pair 20 a 30c.
Champagne, 4 per bot.
Eggs^per dozen, 20 a 25c.
Pigs, 3 per box.
Flour, $6 a 8 per bbl.
Herrings, $1 a 1.50 per box.
Homespun, white, 25 a 35c. per yard.
Lard, 25 a 30c per lb.
Longcloth, 35 a 60c. per yard.
Mackerel, $5 per kilt.
Mutton, fresh, 10 a 121c per lb.
Meal, $1 per bush.
Molasses, 50c. a $1 per gal.
Oil, Kerosene, 1.75 pjr gal.
Peas, $1 per bush.
Potatoes, $1.50 a 2 per bush.
Pork, fresh, 10 a 12c. per lb.
Port, Sherry and Madeira, 2 per bot.
Raisins, 40 a 50c. per lb.
Salt, $J per bush.
Salmon, $12 per kit.
Sugar, brown, 25 a 35c; white, 40 a 50.
Soap, 40 a 50c per bar of 1^ lbs.
Sardines, 80 a 75c. per box.
Tea, Green, 2 a 2.50 per lb.
Tobacco, Chewing, 10c. a ?1 per lb.
" Smoking, 20c. a " "
Whiskey, Bourbon, 12; domestic 6 a 8.
Vinegar, common, 1; W. Wine, 2 per gal.
Aman belonging in Tennessee having
petitioned for pardon, the case was re?
ferred to Gov. Brhwnlow. The Governor's
letter in reply says: "This man Carroll,
were he to come within the State of Ten?
nessee, would not be permitted to live five'
minutes. The people would not tolerate
his existence there. I fwi't say anything
against so poor and mean n man as this
and I can't say anything for him; I there?
fore say nothing."
The captain of a Norwegian vessel,
going into the harbor of Limerick recent?
ly, was compelled to remove his figure?
head, a bust of Garibaldi, lest he should
excite the evil passions of the mob.
NKW COTTOV Caor.-The news from the
growing cotton crop in Tennessee is very,
flattering. Mr. O.- J. Hack, of Giles'Coun
ty, informa the Nashville Gazette that cot?
ton is very forward in that region.
WHAT TO EAT.-Eat vegetables, which
are just aa nutritious, far better suited to
the pocket, and generally more conducive
to health.-New York Sun.
The Congress Spring at Saratoga has
been sold for two hundred and ten thou
? sand dollars ingold.
Receiving and Forwarding Agent,
CHARLESTON, S. C.
PROMPT attention given to orders for
the sale or purchase of COTTON or
PRODUCE of any kind. July 15 fl3?
Farmer's and Exchange Bank of
Charleston, S. C.
AMEETING of the Directors of this
Bank will be held oj. the office of the
President, No. 34 Broad-street,(up stairs )
on THURSDAY, July 27, proximo.
A full meeting is earnestly requested, as
business of much importance will be
brought before them.
President Farmer's and Exchange Bank.
Charleston, S C., July ll. 180?.
July 15 +8
Local l?oms. :
We are,jindebted to Mr. W. Carrington
for copies of the Charleston Courier, of the
12th and 13th, and tbe New York World,
of thc 7th. _
Tur: WEATHER,-We are giad to report
a grateful change in the temperature. We
have had ample rains to sumen the crops
and lay the dust for the next five days.
The atmosph?re is still mirk and cloudy,
but w? forgive the clouds in consideration
of the coolness. We are comfortable to?
day, can breathe once nore with satisfac?
tion, and if this temperature shall con?
tinue, will g"^ne ^? ol1^ **t,e'
THE WAGOW TRADE.-This promises to
be a very pretty and profitable business.
Wednesday last show td quite a caravan
in the streets of Columbia, and the vacant
lots were illuminated with trfeir camp
fires, burning as brightly as in better
days. We note that small lots of cotton
are reaching the city, bought, we are told,
at prices'ranging, according to quality, at
from 12* to 20 cents. 'The town is quite
animated, and if the loafers would only
find some wheels to p?ttheir shoulders to,
we,might hope .for ume abler god even
than Hercules lo helpJuLout ?f the slough.
REV. Du. PALMER.-Ibis eminent divine,
probably one of the very ablest of all the
Presbyterian, preached in the United
States, has left us, for his more extensive
empire in New Orleans- We are sorry to
lose him. Born of and identified with
our people, he has obtained a firm lodg?
ment in their confidence, and affections.
Copious of speech, with a vigorous under?
standing and a lively laney, he won the
ears of his audience, ?nd satisfied their
understandings. We^ believe that Dr.
Palmer was earnest in nis work; that bis
heart-was thoroughly iwit. and preaching
frotfti the heart., he nat.uaally made his way
to thc heart. Hfs C<lr<Aia%udiences have
Ust much in his depanure, but those of
New Orleans will gain' ?lore. That city
will give him an ample, ?field-herc he bad
none. We wish him sGfcess, as man and
preacher, wherever he |poes.
In Columbia, on Wednesday morning,
July 12, at the residence of Mr. E. T. Bur?
dell, by the Rev. RoKcrt Wilson, Mr.
CHAS. H. BECKMANN to Miss ELIZA?
BETH HENRY, second, daughter of the
late Robert W. Mazyck.ell of Charleston.
Charleston Courier please copyi
WILL renew, on and alter the TWEN?
TIETH OF JUIAVJlpiafrpart of hts
former business, which etmpgjpa&tli e sell
?ne of GOODS or M?RC8&??|flJ^ and
COUNTRY PRODUCE on, emission.
His long acquaintance with.the b?eioess
and wants of this commu??K?^irr^i'tJli*
him some advantages which .Joell be. used
to the benefit ot his patrons,? ' fie1"- has
associated with himself hisxiinaji??teN
EDWARD, and the near firm9S5Brbe
known as .-?
ROBERT BRYCE ?fe S?Sr
The undersigned beg liave to call atten?
tion to the above notice, and to state that
they will be found near the old stand, oor
I ner of Main and Blanding streets, No. 7
Bryce's Range, where they will endeavor
to give their best attention to such busi?
ness as may be consigned to their care.
ROBERT B'iYCE & SON.
July 15 8w8*
Passage between lewberry and
MR. LASSALLE, the Superintendent of
the Greenville and Columbia Rail?
road, now runs a special train to Alston,
in close connection with the down train
from Greenville, on Tuesdays, Thursdays
and Saturdays. From Alston, passengers
are transported to Columbia in Messrs.
Courtenay <fc Olney's light spring wagon,
which is fHted up 'exprelsly for the cora:
fort of the travelling pujdic. This convey
ance offers special inducements to families,
as it is roomy and cool Parties on the
move should make engagements with Mr.
J. F. 'GLENN, Agent, ijt the Newberry
Depot. Baggage is necessarily limited to
one light trunk, as heavj and cumbersome
packages interfere wit!) ?the comfort of
passengers and prevent that d espale h
which it-is desired shnuld characterize
When families or parties of six or eight
wish to avail theraselvel of this convey?
ance, engagements for the trip will be
made on moderate termsj
From Columbia, Dr. J RUSSELL BA?
KER will despatch passengers to Orange
burg or to Kingsville, at which point
travellers take the car?., via.Florence, to
In this connection, we would mention
that our up country friei.ds have, by this
line, an opportunity of forwarding letters
to Columbia and beyond, without other
expense than will be imposed by thc
United States Post Orrie* regulation*. The
mail-bag will be at Mr. (?LEMX'S office,
It is needless to -say that passengers
from Columbia connect with the up-train
from Alston, and letters left witt the
a??nt in Columbia, Dr. J. RUSiELL
BAKER, will be promptly despatched.
Julv ll J
PASSAGE TO SUMTER.
0j&m?B>' PERSONS desirous of goine
e^^g'to Sumter, oas obtain PASSAGE
to that place, at a moderat? rate. For
further particular?, apply to M. M. CO?
HEN, Assembly ?treat, near Pendleton
street. July 16 1*
Headquarter? United States Forces;
CITY OP COLUMBIA, S. C.,
* JOLT 14, 18C5.
GENERAL ORDERS N?. 8.
ALL Permits issued from these head?
quarters, in accordance with General
Orders No. 4, to ?ell intoxicating liquors
to citizens by the bottle or otherwise, are
hereby revoked, and all sales of such
liquors are strictly prohibited, except upon
certificates of necessity from respectable
surgeons or physicians and special permis?
sion from these headquarters. This mea?
sure has been rendered necessary by the
constant abuse of the privilege heretofore
granted liquor sellers, many of them hav?
ing repeatedly violated tbe order forbid?
ding the sale of liquor to enlisted mon of
the United States army, as well ns to ne?
groes and citizens of a disreputable cha?
racter. By order of
Lieut, Col. N. HAUGHTON,
25th O. V. V. I., Command'g Post.
JOHN WALTON, Pest Adjutant, july 15 6
Headq. rs United States Forces,
COLUMBIA, S. C., JULT 14, 1868.
GENERAL ORDERS NO. 10.
lyUEREA? information has been received
? at these Headquarters that, cattle and
other stock, have been turned into Sidney
Park without authority from the Relief
Committee of Columbia; also, that the
hydrants about the city have been opened
and left opea by unauthorized persons,
whereby largr quantities of water have
It ia, therefore, ordered that hereafter
no person shall b?s permitted to turn cat?
tle, hogs, horses or stock' of any sort into
the pound of S\"dney Purk, nor to destroy,
remove or pull down any part of the
fencing or enclosure of Baid Park, without
authority from the Relief Committee -pr
hom these Headquarters. Nor shall any
person or per?ons, except the Fire Compa?
nies, or persons duly authorized by'said
Relief Committee or from these Headquar?
ters, bo permitted to open any hydrant
within this city; and any pereon or per?
sons offending herein, on being rep?rted te
these Headquarters, will be punished with
the extreme rigors of the law. By order
of Lieut. Col. V. HAUGHTON,
JOHN WALTON, Lieut and Post Adj't,
July 15 6
HEW YORK * PHILADELPHIA,
AND FOR SALE AT.
WHOLESALE AND RETAIL,
A LARGE STOCK OF
GENTS ANT? LADIES"
FURNISHING G?DS, &C" M.,
CONSISTING IN PAST OF:
(CALICOES, DELAINEY, LAWNS,
J Jaeonet and Swiss MUSLINS,
Bleached and Unbleached HOMESPUN.
Hoop and Balmoral SKIRT
HAIR NETS, SHAKER H00D3.
UN DEUS HI HTS and DRAWERS. .
HATS. SOCKS, NECK-TI ES.
Fancy and White PAPER COLLARS.
SUSPENDERS, TABLE CLOTHS.
PENCILS. KNIVES and FORKS. .
NEEDLES, FLAX THREAD.
A largo and fine stock of
IMPORTED AND DOMESTIC
& JES Gr JSL. RS!!
FOR SALE BY
FOOT & S?LZBACHER, Agents,
Assembly street, between Plain and Wash?
ington. July 15 6
BOUGHT OR SOLD.
COIN. SILVERWARE ?tc. Highest
prices paid by
ZEALY, SCOTT ?fe BRUNS.
Brokers, Auctioneers and Com. Merch'ts.
July 12 6
BETWEEN Columbia and Orangeburg,
a LADY'S GOLD WATCH, open face.
The lintier will be suitably rewarded by
leaving it at this office. July 14 2*
Brass and Copper Wanted
nSOLOMON <b CO. still continue to
. purchase BRASS ?nd COPPER.
The highest mnrket price will be paid.
H. SOLOMON ?fe CO,,
Wett side of Assembly street,
July 6 Imo Below Pl?ia.
gags "" -VUL.J.4JLJI11IIL-J a_a ?u__- ? "eg?at.
''Auction, Sale irv Charleston.
. ' By laurey ?st Alexandr .
O?*f TUESDAY, the 18:h instant, will be
?old, io our sales-rooins, 140 and 142
Meeting street, at 10 o'clock,
600 boxes Toilet Soap.
216 " Tale Family Soap.
4 eases Indigo'Brae. july 15 1*
WTE, the undersigned, having entered into
? a copartnership, onder the nam? and
atyle of CAMERON ?fe BARKLEY, will
open their' establishment, on the South?
east corner of Meeting and Wentworth
streets, Charleston, S. C . Tor the sale of
all articles in use by railroad companies,
steamers and machinists, ns also COAL of
all kinds. Orders solicited.
ARCHIBALD CAM ERON,
RUFUS C. BARKLEY.
WK REFKR .TO
JOHN FRASER & CO.
G-. W. WILLIAMS ?fe CO.*
E. W. MARSHALL. Esq.
Capt. JOHN FURGERSON.
H. T. PEAKE. E<q., Superintendent
South Carolina Railroad.
H. L. HAINS. Esq., Superintendent Sa?
S. 9. SOLOMONS. Jfrq., Superintendent
H. M. DR Al NF, Esq, Superintendent
Wibningtou and Manchester Railroad.
July IO . 3
153 Meeting Street, Opposite Char?
. CHARLESTON, S. C. .
JUST received, a full supply of DRUGS,
CHEMICALS, GLASSWARE, DYE?
STUFFS, PAINTS' and LIQUORS of all
kinds for medicinal purposes, ?fee, which
we offer to the trade at lowest rates.
DRAKE'S PLANTATION BITTERS,
Pure KEROSENE OIL.
And KEROSENE LAMPS.
July ll 6
AND FOR SALE LOW, AT
SHELTON, CALVO Ss CO.'S,
Bull Street, Next to Old Post Office.
IN addition to former stock, we have
just received the following articles:
Ladies' Heeled SLIPPERS.
" ? Congress GAITERS.
Glove Kid GAITERS.
Misses* SHOES in great variety.
Men's SHOES of all kinds.
Children's SHOES of all sizes.
Men's fine Felt HATS.
20 doz. HOOP SKIRTS of finest quality
12 doz. Ladies' CORSETS.
6 doz " Silk VEILS.
Toilet COMBS and BRUSHES.
Tooth BRUSHES. *
Ladlee' HOSIERY, Men's HOSE.
White Crushed SUGAR.
'. Powdered "
Light Brown Coffee "
Butter and Fancy French CRACKERS.
Adamantine and Sperm CANDLES.
Old Java COFFEE.
Smoking and Chewing TOBACCO.
Mason's BLACKING, Shoe BRUSHES.
CHAMPAGNE, quart bottles.
Old Bourbon WHISKEY.
Which wdl be sold on proper certificate.
Pai ties bringing COTTON to mar?
ket will do well to call upuu us before dis?
posing of it, as we are paying the highest
GOLD and SILVER bought and sold.
July 14 *
MR. DESAUSSURE has rebuilt his
burnt office, adjoiuiug trie Court
House, where he may be consulted during
the usual office hours. July 13 8*
JUST received and for sale, a fresh sup?
ply of COFFEE and SUGAR. At.
HARDY SOLOMON ?fe CO.'S,
Assembly street Wept, below Flsin.