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By J. A. SELBY. . COLtJMBIA, S. C., FRIDAY MORNING, MAY 19, 1865. VOL. l.-NO. 43.
THE COLUMBIA PHOENIX,
PU rc Ll s I'rr) DAILY, EXCEPT SUNDAY",
.BY JULIAN A. SELBY.
TERMS-IN A D VA NC E.
Six months, $5
One month, ... - i
One square, (ten lines,) one time, SOcts
Subsequent insertions. - 35 cts
Special notices ten ceuts per line.
OU A REMEDY FOR DISTRACTION OF MIND.
llestrain, deluded man, thy thirst of
"Repress it with tho force of mind and
will, . I
"Would"st thou preserve thy spirit in its
"With uoble actions feed it to the fill.
Thy wife, thy son, thy daughter-what
The wonders e'en of this world who
What art thyself? Whence com'st thou?
Can'st thou say?
My brother, ponder, ponder on this well.
IJoast not. of youth, nor opulence, nor
Ere thou can'st think, Time snatches
Cheek these delusions-faneienof r.n hour;
At Brahma's loot repos? thy heart, and
Eike water-drops upon the lotus leaf, i
With tremulous motion gliding to aud
Hs life: the converse of the good is brief
It'is our ship upon the seas below.
With body weak, mouth toothless, hair
The staff he lean? on shakin? in his
Ken's thirst of crain survive* in his decay.
And would were ali earth's wealth athis
Mow quickly ar? tte hom, ?.nd old. and
dlow short the interval'twixt death and
The viciousness of cartu how widely
Wherefore, O man! liv'st thou in
F/ay follows day; eve follows eve; morn,
Springs after springs; winters on winters
SLiife ever on Time's stream is onward
But mortal expectation never dies.
Beneath the canopy of Heaven lo dwell.
Under the shade of some wide-branching
All vain desires of earthly joys to quell,
The ground our couch-thia, this is to
JLove not too fondly woman, kinsman,
Nor friend, in peace; in war. hate not
Ile equable to all, and gently mihi,
Would'st thou attain to Vishnu's calm
The eight primeval mountains and seven
Bramah and Indra, Bu ira and the Sun,
These are the never-changing-only these;
Not thou, nor I, nor -man-wherefore
all passions shun.
In thee, in me, in all we see and know,
There lives and breathes a part of
Vishnu's soul; ~
Tnen love not, hate not, with immoderate
For all Hiing? are bel parts of One
Tbs boy so long dclighteth in his play,
The youth so seeks the maiden ol his
The old ?nan frets so long his thoughts
That there are non? to worship Him
Ponder, roy brother, ponder on this word:
The word of truth, that passes not
.What hopo is there for him who, having
'Will not bow down his head and meekly
By some persons it does not seem
<to be understood that the Emancipa?
tion Proclamation relates to two classes
of the population, both of whom it
trees. On tho ono hand, the servant is
freed from the master; on the other,
the master is freed from the servant.
And if it is proper that deputations ol
the one class should'visit Washington
io ?ucuie the official vindication oi
their rights, it is not less proper, nor
perhnps less requisite, that the other
class should appeal to the Executive.
There are certain evils which belong
to all great social changes and dis?
placements. These must be expected;
and wisdom requires that they should
be endured without vain repinings and
unmanly murmurs. But it is permit?
ted to desire, and hy peaceful mea?
sures secure, the removal of such evils
j as are unuecessar}, and as bear preju-,
dicially upon the interests of certain
classes. In cases of this kind, redress
can be confidently anticipated from the
Administration which will extend equal
justice to all.
The abolition of slavery has dis?
solved the obligations previously sub
sisting between master ami slave. The
slaves may have constituted the whole
property of the owner, who may now
be reduced to hopeless peuury hy the
loss of them-who may bo a helpless
ward, or widow, or infirm aud aged
man. For special cases of this sort, it
is not pretended that tho Emancipation
Act tnakca or can make any provi?
sion. lt does not require the negro to
support the helpless white, who was
formerly hi's master. Neither can it
require the while mau, whoso able
bodied servants have leit him, to sup?
port the infirm nod helpless negroes
who remain. They have no claim
upon him whatever; they iiave no
light to demand, and none have a
right, in their name, to require, that he
thad be crushed by this burden.
And how can the former owner
pledge himself to certain unvarying
and high rates of moneyed compensa?
tion fur menial labor-to an indefinite
provision of medical relief, a supply ol
i'ooJ, clothing, and quarters, without
any reduction for Ul health and bad
weather-when he has not the money,
has no cotton growing to bring it, and
is at bis wits' end to know where it if
to come from; when the precise kine
of labor we have in view, which was
never characterized hy industry and
intelligence, has been deprceiatednby 1
sense of irresponsibility, by vagur
ideas of a freedom from menial toil
and by the general relaxation of au
thority; and when not a few of th?
white laborers are willing to toil for 2
bare ration a day!
We notice that farmers' meetings ir
Virginia, which fixed the rates o
compensation and made regulation;
for tho employment of labor, have
been forbidden by 1'ost Commanders
Of course no objection would be madi
lo a meeting of citizens for the purposi
of considering thc difficulties now at
tendant upon the employment of labor
and of respectfully memorializing Liu
Executive upon tho vital subject.
Again: a consideration of the ques
tion of Vents is advisable. It is b;
rents (as we remarked yesterday) tba
our want of money is partially to b
supplied. And on tho other hand
houses and stores, which aro coi
rented for brief periods, aro neede
for the resumption of business. I
many instances competition has dot
hied and trebled tho value of busines
stands, of houses, and of separat
roouis. The. owner has the right <
availing himself of any ad7antag
arising from the perpetual variatiot
of supply and demand, of enjoyin
the use or realizing the increasin
value of his property. Under sue
circurastances there is a grievance i
orders requiring that rents shall not 1
raised beyond the terms demande
when there was nd trade and tl
houses were comparatively worthies
or that the houses or rooms shall m
be reclaimed if their occupants a:
We cheerfully acknowledge the o
ligations under which the Governmei
has laid us by the efficient protectii
of person and property we enj<
under the military authorities. Ai
we have testified our respect for thc
intelligent and courteous officials, 1
public act as well as by frequent e
prest?os of private opinion. But
this mutter of industrial organization,
the interests of the colored mee are
represented hy an immense bureau
and by deputation. Tho whites should
be represented by embassies to the
White liouse, or they will continue to
suffer from one-shied legislation. A
memorial to the Executive, asking for
even-handed justice between the races,
and represeuting the evils arising
from divided ami conflicting jurisdic?
tions, and from the'interference of a
minor court with thc regular military
tribunal-suer? a memorial, couched in
dignified terms, amd conveyed hy a
high-toned and earnest deputation,
would put an end to various painful
humiliations and annoyance.::. For',
our President says, emphatically, that
'he docs not intend to serve any par?
ticular clique or interest/ nnd that 'ho
is for emancipating thc white man as
well as the black.'
j Augusta. Transcript.
The Former Home and Family of
A correspondent of the Cincinnati j
Commercial tells a melancholy story I
of Ashland, the late homstcad of !
Henry Clay, and gives tho history of
his descendants. The old home?
stead of Henry Clay, it seem.-', is
now occupied by the "4'anidy of Hon.
Thomas Clay, one of his sons, and
present Minister to ono. of tho South
American Governments, lt is owned
by the heirs of James 1>. Clay, who, it
will be remembered, died in Canada
about a year ago. Tho house in
which Mr. Clay lived when at homo
was torn down some years siuco by
James, and a magnificent structure
erected on its site, and theo is noth?
ing now about t}-c place to remind ono
of him who once owned and honored
it, , xeept the Tamilj buggy in which
the old man and his wife used to drive
about, and tho trees in front of the
house, beneath which ho used to sit
and talk with his family and friends.
Mr. Clay had -fivo sou'. Four of
them sui vi ved him. One, who bore
his father's nam**, was killed in the
Mexican war. Thoma-, as 1 have,
said, is now a Government Minister.
John is living on one-half of the olj
homestead, now divided into two
farms. James died in a foreign land,
and Theodore (the oldest of the family)
is; and has boen for twenty years, an
inmate of an insane asylum, still
avowing to every one with whom ho
converses that ho is the original
George Washington, and refusing to
respond to a call by any other name
Mr. Clay had no possession of an}'
lc?nd at the time of his death, with
the exception o; Ashland, which was,
of course, worth a considerable sum;
but even that was heavily mortgaged,
and he thought at one time he would
he compelled to abandon it to his
creditors, until ono day, when he
entered the bani: to pay one of his
notes, ho was to'd that he did not owo
a cent. Kind and generous friends
had taken his case in hand and lifted
the pecuniary burden from his shoul?
ITM FT Y WAGONS, to haul cotton to
Orangeburg, S. C. For terms, apply
to A. L. SOLOMON,
'2d door above Shiver House, on Plain st
Strayed or Stolen,
*YL?3* FROM my pasture, on the 11th
/ffi instant, a BAY MARK, of medium
s;ze, her ears slightly inclined to flap. No
marks remembered. A liberal reward
will be paid for l.cr recovery.
July 17 2 HARMON KOON. _
Office Chief Com. of Sub., Mil. Dist
CHARLESTON, S. C., JOXT 10, 1865.
1) ROPOS A I.S will bo received at this
'. office up to ,Tulv 2-5, 1865, Ft'll CON
TRACTS FOR. BF. F F CATTLE, (on foo',)
to be iurnished the lb S. Sub. Dept., in
quantities to be specified in thc contract.
Said eoutraets to be made for four months.
HENRY H. JEN KS,
Capt. 6'.'d P. V. and A. C S.t
Chief C. S. Military Dist, of Charleston.
I July 17
DR. SYLVESTER offers his PROFES?
SIONAL SERVICES" to the citizens
of Columbia nti'I vicinity. His office is
on t ho corner of Richland and Bull streets,
atrllie residence of Capt. T. H, Wade.
July 13 ;.;<
OK JO UN J. DAVIS. Company D, 15th
S. C. Regiment. AV as a tailor, and
lived in Camden, S. C. Was well on the
2d of" February. Any one knowing Ins
late or whereabouts, will confer a favor
by communicating the information lo his
afflicted ami destitute wife at Columbia,
S. C., or (,> thin office. Exchanges please
extend th is notice. July 14
W. H. EASTERBY,
Receiving and Forwarding Agent,
CHARLESTON, a. C.
1) ROM PT attention given to orders for
the sale or purchase of COTTON or
PRO DUCK of any kind. July ir. fi:;"
Farmer's and Exchange Bank of
Charleston, S. C.
A MEETING of the Directors of this
J.\- Bank will bc held at. the office of the
President, Xo. :;4 Broad street,(up stairs,)
on THURSDAY, July 27, proximo.
A lull meeting is earnest ly requested, its
busbies* of much importance will be
brought before them.
WILLIAM WU ALLY,
President Farmer's and Exchange Bank.
Charlnston, S. C., July ll, 1365.
July 15 f8
WHOLESALE AND RETAIL
STOCK REPLENISHED WEEKLY hy?
the New York steamers. Purchases
are being made in Philadelphia, New York
and Boston, by Mr. Dunham, of tho firm
of Dunham, Taft, ct Co., ami will be sold at
the old established stand, 250 King street,
sign of the Bill BOOT, at very reasonable
price?; where the public and all his old
friends arc invited to call and inspect for
themselves. T. M. BRISTOL,
Sign of the Big Boot,
I'.end of King sli cet, Charleston, S. C.
July IS f<>*
lyn, (he undersigned, having entered into
" a copartnership, under the name and
style nf CAM Kilt ?X <fc BARKLEY, will
open their establishment, on the South?
east corner of Meeting and Wentworth
streets, Charleston, S. C. for the sale of
all articles in use hy railroad companies,
steamers and machinists, as also CUAL ol
all kinda. Orders solicited. ?
ARCHIBALD CAM KRON, .
RUFUS C. BARKLEY.
W E UK FKK TO
.JOHN FRASER & Co.
(i. W. WILLIAMS A- CO.
E. W. MARSHALL, Esq.
Capt. JOHN FUEMERSON.
II. T. PEAKE, Esq., Superintendent
Souiti Carolina Railroad.
H. L. HAINS, Esq., Superintendent Sa?
S. S. SOLOMONS, Esq., Superintendent
H. M. DRAIN Iv, Esq , Superintendent
Wilmington and Manchester Railrotfil.
July 15 S
Change of Schedule on the Wil?
mington and Manchester Railroad.
SUMTER, JULY 10, 1865.
ON and after July 10, trains will run
tri-weekly over this road, as follows:
Leave Kingsville ever}- Tuesday, Thurs?
day and Saturdey, at 4 45 a. m., for Pee
Dee and all stations on the Cheraw nnd
Darlington and North-eastern Railroad
passengers reaching Charleston Rame night.
Returning-Arrive at Kingsville every
Monday, Wednesday and .Frida}', at 8.42
1'. m., from any rd" the points indicated
above. HENRY M. DRANE,
July l-l 12 Geueral Superintendent.
Gen. Sup'ts Office C- & S. C. R.R.,
CHESTER, JULY U, 1865.
UNTIL further notice, trains will be run
daily on this road, as follows:
Leave Chai lotte at 8 a. m.; arrive at
Adger's about 1 p. m. Leave Adger's at
7 a. m.; arrive in Charlotte about 3 p. m.
July 6 12 JAS. ANDERSON. Sup't.
Baptist State Convention of S. C.
? jMH.E next annual meeting of this body
JL will be held at. Cross Roads Church,
three miles from Chappell's Depnt. com?
mencing on FRIDAY before the fifth Sun
day in July, (thc 28th inst.) Delegates
coming on the Greenville Railroad will be
met at, Chappell's by conveyances, Thur.,
da vs and Friday.
Juiy 17 J. M. C. BREAKER. ?ec'y.
NEW YORK & PHILADELPHIA,
A.\D FOR ?SAXE AT
WHOLESALE AXD DETAIL,
A LARGE STOCK OF
?J .*JT xx 32* to rv
GENT'S AM) LADIES'
FtRMSHiXti GOODS, &(!., ?M"
CONSIST* xa IN r.\uT o?:
/~t A I. ICO KS, DELAINES. LAWNS.
V.7 Jaoonet ami Swiss MfJSIJN'S?
Bleached and LTubleach?d HOMESsPUN.
Hoop am] Balmoral SKIRTS.
(i LOVES, HOSIERY.
HAIR NETS,SHAKER HOODS
I ' X1 > K1 tS 1 ll HTS nnd I >R \ \V ERS.
HATS, SOCK'S, NECK TILS.
BUTTE U FL Y SCARFS.
Fancy ami White PAPER COLLARS
SUSPENDERS, TABLE CL< ?TIL:
NAPKINS, Ti >WEEING.
PENCILS, KMVESaud FORKS.
NEEDLES, FLAN THREAD. '
A larg?; ard fine stock of
1M PU RTE J) AND DO MES TiC
S 13 G A n S ? ?
FOR SALK BY
TOOT & SULZBACHER, Ageuts,
Assembly street, between Plain and Wash?
ington. .Inly 15 ti
AND FOR SALE LOW, AT
SUELTOX, CALVO & C0.'S,
Bull Street, Next to Old Pos! Office.
IN" addition, to former stock, we lune
just received the following articles;
Ladies' Heeled SLIPPERS.
" Congress GAITERS.
Glove Kid GAITERS.
Misses' SHOES in great variety.
Men's SHOES of all kinds.
Children's SHOES ol' all sizes.
Men's fine Felt HATS.
? Wool "
.20 doz. HOOP SKIRTS of finest quality
12 doz. Ladies'CORSETS. .
6 doz. " Silk VE! LS.
Toilet COMBS ami BRUSHES.
Ladies,' HOSIERY, Men's nOSE.
?ur. ?&??j^X? j&X&?-V
White Crushed SUGAR.
'. Powdered "
Light Brown Coffee '.
Buttel and Fancy French CRACKERS.
Adamantino and Sperm CANDLES.
Old Java COFFEE.
Smoking and Chewing TOBACCO.
Mason's BLACKING, Shoe BRUSHES.
CHAMPAGNE, nuart bottles.
Old Bourbon WHISKEY.
Which will he sold on proper certiftca'.e.
?'jg1'Parties bringing COTTON to mar?
iel will do well to call upon us before dis?
posing of it, as wo arc paying thc highest
GOLD and SILVER bought and sold.
July 14 _"
Brass and Copper Wanted.
HSO LOM C 3 A ^ '< ?. st i il continue to
. purchase BRASS and COPPER.
rb? nighest market price will he paid.
H. soi OMON * CO .
Weot =dda of Assembly strewt.
Juh - hie Below Plain.