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By J. A. SELBY. . COLtJMBIA, S. C., FRIDAY MORNING, MAY 19, 1865. VOL. l.-NO. 43.
THE COLUMBIA PHOENIX,
PUBLISHED DAILY, EXCEPT SUNDAY,
BY JULIAN A. SELBY.
TERMS-m AD VANCE. s
Six months, - . - - $5
One month, - - - 1
One square, (ten lines,) ene time, 50 eta
Subsequent insertions, - 35 cts
Special notices ten cents per line.
THE ENGLISH SLAVE TRADE.-I
find in a quiet corner of a London
paper, some statistics of the English
slave trade, in the modified form in
which it has been carried on for the
last twenty years. It is generally
supposed in England that, when a
cargo of negroes is captured from
some slaver oti the .coast of Africa,
the emancipate! slaves are provided
with a suit of clothes apiece, a Bible,
some tracts, a dozen of Bass' pale ale.
and a five pound Biftik of England
note, and set ashore on the coast of
Ashantee or Dahomey to enjoy their
freedom. It appears, however, that
the emancipated negroes, instead of
being set ashore in this fashion, are
conveyed to St. Helena, and thence
shipped in assorted cargoes as emi?
grants or apprentices to various
English colonies in the tropics. In
-this way, since IS IT?, Jamaica has re?
ceived" lS,fiOO; Trinidad, 40,900;
British Guiana, 99,000; Mauritius,
212.500. About five in a hundred
iinallv leave for somewhere, and are
?supposed to be engageJ in the work of
African civilization. The officers and
crews of the .African squadron are
stimulated by large bounties, paid by
<the British Government, to take as
?many of these negroes as possible;
that a few cargoes may be shipped
from the coast, just for the purpose of
supplying ships with prize money,
and sugar planters with labor. The
English are a verv philanthropic peo?
ple, and wonld not willingly force any
body, white or black, to work for
*nore than was necessary for a good
digestion, but, at the same time, they
want cotton, sugar, coffee, and some
LONGEST Rex ON RKCORD.-Yes?
terday, at the billiard room of Charles
J. Cuyler, was made the longest run
of billiards ever recorded. It was
played by Mr. Frederick G. Britton, a
fine amateur player of this city. He
commenced a friendly game with an
other gentleman, and alter making a
run of thirty-five points, got the two
red balls in the conrer, and made the
unprecedented number of seven thou?
sand seven hundred and fifteen points.
The largest run hitherto recorded was
six thousand one hundred aud fifty
points. It was made by a gentleman
in Louisville, Kentucky, a few weeks
ago. Tne run made yesterday, by Mr.
Britton, was upon a full carom table,
atid occupied four hours and twenty
five minutes. The ^alls were out of
.their position in the corner six times
.during the play, but by the expert
manipulation of the player, were
brought back. There was nota ''foul"
3troke made in the run, and the count?
ing only ceased by the balls becoming
."froze." This remarkable run shows
.extraordinary nerve and the utmost
delicacy of touch in striking the halls.
[_ Cleveland Herald.
COLUMBIA, S. C., JULY 17, 1863.
AMEETING of Stockholders of this
Bunk will be held at Mr. C. J. Bollin's
dwelling house, on WEDNESDAY, ly th
inst., at ll o'clock a. m., for electing a
President and Directors of this Bank, and
for other purposes.
July 18 HENRY E. SCOTT, Cashier.
PLATES, CUPS AND SAMERS,
DOZ. assorted PLATES. ers.
*J\J 25 doz. assorted Cups and Sauc
At extraordinary low prices.
ZE A LY. SCOTT .t BRUNS.
July J H -J.
Headq'rs Department of the South,
HILTON HEAD, S. C., JUNK 27,1865.
GENERAL ORDERS NO. 102.
WITH a view to establish and preserve
good order, settle disputes, encou?
rage industry, compel obedience to laws
and orders and educate the poor, the fol
I lowing rules and regulations are hereby
established, and will be put in operation
throughout this Department with as little
delay as practicable:
I. District Commanders will divide their
commands into sub-districts of suitable
size, each comprising one or more Counties,
Parishes or Congressional Districts. To
each sub-district they will assign a com
mandina* officer, (with a suitable number
of troops,) an Assistant Provost Marshal
and an Assistant Provost Judge. A per?
manent Provost Guard will be placed
under the immediate orders of the Assist?
ant Provost Marshal.
II. Within each sub-dmtrict Superior
Provost Courts and Circuit Provost. Courts,
composed of not more than three members
each-shall be held at stated times and
places. The Superior and Circuit. Provost
Courts to have concurrent jurisdiction
over all cases as hereina/ter specified that
can be properly tried before them.
III. The Superior Provost. Court^ will
habitually hold its sessions at sub-district
headquarter.*; and will be presided over
by the Assistant Provost Judge, who may
associate with him one or two respectable
loyal citizens, giving the preference to
local magistrates, other things being equal.
IV. Circuit Provost Courts shall be held
at important points and at stated times
within the sub district, and shall be pre?
sided over by one of the members of thc
Superior Provost Court, designated by the
sub district commander for that purpose.
The President of the Circuit Provost Court
may associate with him one or two loyal
citizens or magistrates.
V. The courts above named shall have
power to try all CSSCB between citizen!?,
and between citizens and soldiers, and all
crimes and all violations of military orders
and the laws of the United States which
do not come within the jurisdiction of e
court martial, and to issue the usual pro
cens for the attendance of witnesses, anc
decrees for the possession of property, an<:
for the payment of debts, damages ano
costs- The decrees will go only to th?
right of possession and not of property
Ttie}* may impose fines not exceeding on?
hundred dollars (?100) and imprison no
exceeding two mouths. Offences by citi
zens requiring a severer punishment, wit
be tried by a military commission. The]
will appoint their clerks ?nd ot her officers
shall ke?p a record of their proceedings
subject to the revision of sub district am
higher commanders, and will adopt rule
and forms of procedure, which shall be a
simple as possible. Citizen members o
courts may be allowed three dollars fo
each days' attendance. The lees charg?e
will be merely sufficient to pay all expenses
NI. Appeals from the Provost Court
will be had to th* eub-district and distric
commanders, under 6ucb rules and on sucl
terms as the district commanders ma
VII. All parties to suits before the Su
perior or Circuit Provost Courts ma
employ counsel. But all persons bringini
suit or appearing as counsel before sai
courts.'ns well as the citizen members c
said courts, will be required to give prot
that they have taken the oath of alb
VIII. It is the duty of the military au
thoritiea throughout this Department
when called upon to do so, to aid th
Assistant Commissioners and Agents c
the "Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen an
Abandoned Lands," in the execution <
their duties under the laws of the Unite
States and the orders of the Commissionc
of said Bureau, issued in accordanc
therewith: and, when there is no sue
Assistant Commissioner or Agent upon th
spot, to take cognizance themselves bf a
Violations of such laws and orders. A
cases of such violation may he tried befoi
the courts hereinabove authorized.
IX. All cases properly coming withi
tl% jurisdiction of these courts will t
brought to trial promptly, and all unn<
cessary arresta of citizens wiil be avoidei
X. The existence of the courts hereii
above authorized will cease whenever an
wherever the functions of the officers i
the civil laws are restored to operation t
XI. District and sub-district comman
ers are directed to provide, whenev
practicable, for the education of the ch
dren of the poor within their command
and for that purpose they are authorize
to detail regimental chaplains and no
commissioned officers and privates f
The education of the children of ll
fugees and Freedmen will be relinquish
into the hands of the Assistant. Comm
?loners and" Agents of the Freedmei
Bureau, whenever they are in readiness
take charge of the same. By command
Maj. Gen. Q. A. GILLMORE.
W. L. M. BURGER, Ass't Adj't Gen'l.
Headq'rs Department of the South,
HILTON" HEAD. S. C., JUNE '28,1865.
GENERAL ORDERS NO. 1?4.
THE following regulations concerning
Military Courts arc republished from
the General Orders of the War Depart?
ment, with additions and modifications.
All parts of Department Orders iueonais
tent herewith are revoked:
I. "Where a post or district command is
composed of mixed troops, equivalent to
a brigade, the commuiiding officer of the
department or army will designate it in
orders as 'a ?eparate brigade,' and a copy
of such order will accompany the proceed?
ings of any general court martial con?
vened by such brigade commander. With?
out such authority, commanders of posts
and districts having no brigade organiza?
tion will not con vere general oourls mar?
tial." (General Or tlc rs No. 251, A. G. O.,
II. No one in the Department, save the
commanding Genend, can appoint genera!
conrts martini or military commissions,
except the commander of a division or a
separate brigade, and the order appoint?
ing the court must >o dated "Headquar?
ters, Division," or "Headquarters, Separate
Brigade," as the case mav be.
III. "All communications pertaining to
questions of military justice, or the pro?
ceedings yf military courts ?nd commis?
sions throughout the annie? of the United
States, must be addressed to th? Judge
Advocate General: und commanding of?
ficers are enjoined to forward promptly tn
the Bureau of Military Justice all proceed?
ings of courts martial, military commissions
and courts of inquiry, together with the
orders promulgating decision thereon.
Judge Advocates will bc held responsible
for the prompt, execution of this paragraph,
and they aro required lo forward to th*
Judge Ad Vocal? Ger.-rn 1, at the end o
each month, a ii-st of all cases tried and ti
be tried within their jurisdiction." (Gen
Orders No. 270, A. G. O., series 18fi4.)
IV. To carry out the foregoing para
graph, all officers within the departures
authorized, to appoint, courts martial
military commissions or courts of inquiry
will, on the 27th of each month, sei?d t<
i the Judge Advocate of the Departmen
two reports. In thc first report, the}
will state the name and rank of all person
tried during the month before courts o
commissions appointed by them, with th
nature of the charges, and also whethe
the proceedings in each ense have beet
(1) approved, (2) puldixJieUmd (2) forwards
by them; and if not, the reason why. Ii
' the second report, they will state th
names anil rauk of all persons agains
whom charges have been preferred, bu
who remain untried nt the date of th
report, with thc nature of the charg?e
and also whether each case has been sen
to a court or commission for trial; and i
not, the reason why. (Circular No. 14, E
S., series 1864.)
V. "Whenever fines are imposed Iv
sentence of general court martial or mili
tary commission upon officers or citizens
the Judge Advocate of tho court or com
mission will make a special report of th
fact to the Adjutant General, giving
copy of the sentence rn ihe case. Th
officer who conti rms a sentence ? imposiui
a ii;je will transmit to the Adjutant Gene
ral a special report thereof, together witl
a cop} of the order promulgating th
proceedings." (General Orders No. 26i
Par. 1, A. G. <)., series 1864.)
VI. The lines will be pii>l to the chu
officer of the Quartermaster's Departmen
at the pince where the prisoner maj* bl?
and no other person is authorized to rece iv
them.' Such fines must not be applied t
any purpose, but the officer receiving thei
will forthwith remit the amounts to th
Adjutant General of the army, With th
names of prisoners who paid them, an
the number of the order promulgating th
proceedings. (Genetal Orders No. 25'
Par. II, A. G. < >., series 1864 )
VII. To avoid delay arising from th
absence ol' Brig. Gen. L. Thomas, check
forwarded, on account of fines under th
above paragraph, will be made payable!
"the Adjutant General ll. S. Army, t
order," without, inserting the name. (Se
Circular A. G. O.. dated Nov. li), 1864.)
VIII. "In all cases where fines are in
posed by sentence of general courts mai
tial or military commissions, a provisio
should be added to the sentence* that th
prisoner ahall be confined until the fine i
paid. A limit may be fixed to the perk
of such confinement.'' (General Orde
No. 61, A. G. G., Par. I, G. S )
IX. "In case thc provision has bee
omitted from the sentence, that a prison
shall be confined until the fine is paid,
special report will be made to thc Adj
taut General of his failure to make pa;
ment, and he will not be released witho
orders from the War Department, exce
on payment of the fine.'' (General Olde
No. 61,'A. ti. O, Par. If, C. S.)
X. "Stoppages of pay against officers
enlisted men are not "fines' in the bense
this 'Order.' " (General Orders No. C
Par. III, A. G. O., C. S.)
XI. In a caserequiringtheeonfirraati
i of the General commanding the d<?pa
ment, the officer ordering the court, or his
successor, will not merely forward the
record, but will formally act upon the
case, and express his approval or disap?
proval upon the record. (See Digest of
' pinion of Judge Advocate General, p. 8.)
XII. All records ot military courts will
be transmitted to the Judge Advocate
General, through (hese Headquarters, and
.n no case will be sent to Washington
XIII. When several cases are published
in the same General Order, the record in
each separate ease will be accompanied bi'
a copy of that order, or so much thereof
as relates to the particular case, and when
thc court is ordered from the headquarters
of a separate brigade, each case will be
accompanied by an official copy of that
paragraph of General Orders which or?
ganizes the separate brigade.
XIV. Officers empowered to appoint
courts are earnestly enjoined to bring all
accused persons to a speedy trial, and to
? publish and execute promptly thc sen?
tences of the courts. A delay of justice
is often as detrimental to the public ser?
vice a's its total denial. By command of
Maj. Gen. Q. A. GI LL M ORE.
W. L M. BUUGEK, Ass't Adj't Gen.
July 19_j_ 3
Office Chief Com. of SubTMiL Dist
CHARLESTON, S. C., JULY 10. 1865.
I) ROPOS ALS will be received at this
office up to Jnlv 25. 1S65. FOR CON?
TRACTS FOR BEEF CATTLE, (on foot,)
to be turnished the U. S. Sub. Dept., in
quantities to be speuitied in the contract
Said contracts to be made tor four months,
HENRY ll. JEN KS,
Capt. 52d P. V. and /. C S.,
Chief C. S. Military Dist, of Charleston.
July 17 . S
Headq'rs United States Forc?s,
COLUMBIA. S. C., JOLY 14, 1865.
GENERAL ORDERS NO. 1?.
WHEREAS information has been received
" at these Headquarters that cattle and
other 6tock have been turned into Sidnej
Park without authority from the Relie
Committee of Columbia; also, that tht
hydrants about the city have been ?pence
and left opeu by unauthorized persons
whereby large quantities of water hav<
It is, therefore, ordered that hereaftei
no person shall be permitted to turn cat
tie, hogs, horses or sU>ck of any sort int(
the pound of Sydney Park, nor to destroy
remove or pull down any part of flu
fencing or enclosure of said Park, withou
authority from the Relief Committee o
from these Headquarters. Nor shall atn
jjereon or persons, except the Fire Compu.
mes, or persons duly authorized by sak
?elief Committee or from these Headquar
ters. be permitted to open any hy (frau
' within this city; and any person or per
sons ori'eiii'.lug herein, on being reported t<
these Headquarters, will be punished wit!
the extreme rigors of the law. Bv or de
of Lieut. Col. N. HAUGHTON,
JOHN WALTON, Lieut, and Post Adj't.
?July 15 0
Headquarters Military District o
CHARLESTON. S. C.. -CLY 6, 1SC5.
GENERAL ORDERS NO. 69.
4 NY officer or soldier having in hi
-?TL possession captured or abnndonei
property of any description, will, on th
demand of T. C. CALLIC?TT, Esq., Sur
Sp'l Agent U. S. Treasury Department, dt
liver the erune to him.
Means of Transportation held by th
Quartermaster's Department, the nocet
sary Docks, Storehouses and Offices, witl
the Furniture pertaining to the same, wil
be retained by the Military Executiv
Departments. By command of
Brevet Maj. Gen. JOHN P. HATCH.
LEONARD B. PERRY, Ass't Adj't Gen.
THE TFitMS OF PARDON.
Proclamation by the President of th
United States of America.
Whereas the President of the Unite
States, on the 8th day of December. A. I
1863, and on the 26th day of March, A. I
1864, with the object to suppress the e>
isting rebellion, to induce al! persons t
return to their loyalty and to restore th
authority of the United States, issue prc
elamations offering amnesty and pardon t
certain persons who had, directly br b
implication, participated in the said rebe
lion; and whereas many perso.who ha
so engaged in 6aid rebellion, ha-e, sine
tho issuance of said proclamation, faile
or neglected to take the benefits offert
thereby; and whereas many persons, wi
have been justly deprived of all claim 1
amnesty and pardon thereunder by reasc
of their participation, directly or by ir
plication, in said rebellion and continue
hostility to the Government of the Unit*
States since the date of said proclamatio
now desire to apply for and obtain nmnc
ty and pardon:
T-? the end, therefore, that tb? autbori
of the Gorernmeat of the United Stat
may fae restored, and t ?mt peace, order and
freedom may be established, I, Andrew 1
Johnson. President ot the United Stateo,
do proclaim and declare that I hereby
grant to all persons who have directly or
indirectly -participated in the existing
rebellion, except as hereinafter excepted,
amnesty and pardon, with restoration of
all rights of property, except as to slaves,
and except in cases where legal proceed?
ings, under the laws of the United States 1
providing for the confiscation of preperty
ot persons engaged in rebellion, have been
instituted, but on the condition, neverthe?
less, that every such person shall take and
subscribe the following oath or affirma?
tion, and thenceforward keep and main?
tain said oath inviolate, and which oath
shall be registered for permanent preser?
vation, and shall be of the tenor and effect
following, to wit:
I,-, do solemnly swear cr
j affirm, in presence of Almighty God, that
I will henceforth faithfully support and
defend thc Constitution of thc United
Statesand the'l'nion of the States there?
under, and that I will in like manner
abido by and faithfully support all laws
and proclamations which have Seen made
during the existing rebellion with refer?
ence to ibe emancipation of slaves. So
help me (?od.
The following class of j' rsoos are ex
empted from the benefits of this procla?
1st. All who are, or shall have been.
I pretended civd or diplomatic officers, or
j otherwise, ?lornestie or foreign agents ot
i tho pretended Confederate (iovernmenl.
2d.'All who left judicial stntions under
the United Stat<-s to aid in the rebellion.
?d. All who shall have been military or
naval officers of said pretended Confede
rate Government above the rank nf colonel
in the army or lieutenant in the navy.
4th. All who left seats ii the Congres
of the Uuited States to aid thc rebellion.
5th. All who resigned or tendered resig
nations of their commissions in the army
or navy of the United Stiles to evade duty
in resisting the rebellion.
6th. All who have engajjed in any way
in treating otherwise than lawfully as pri?
soners uf war pereons fouuil in the United
fetates service, as officers, soldiers, seamen
or in other capacities.
7th. All persons who have leen or are
absentees from the United fetales for the
purpose of aiding the rebellion.
?th. All military and naval officers in
the rebel service who were educated bv
the Government in the Military Academy
at West Point or the United ?tates Naviil
9th. All persons who held the pretended
offices of Governor of States lu insurree
tion against the United Stn?es.
10t.h. All persons who left, their homes
vitbin the jurisdiction and protection of
the United States, r.nd prised beyond the
Federal military lints into the so-culled
Confederate States for the purpose of aid?
lith. Ali persons who have leen en?
gaged in the destruction of tho commerce
of the United States upon the high seas,
and who have made raidi into the Uuited
States from Canada, or been engaged in
destroying the commerce of the United
States upon the lakes and ri vers that sepa?
rate tl;e British provinces Iromthe United
12th. All personsvho, at the time when
? they seek to obtain the benefits hereof bv
taking the oath. herein presenhed, are in
military, naval or *ivil confinement or
custody, or under bonds of the civil, mili?
tary or naval authorities <?t agents of the
United States, as prisoners of war or per?
sons detained for offerees of any kind,
either before or alter conviction.
13th. All persons who have voluntarily
participated iu said rebellion, and the esti?
mated value of whoje taxable property in
over twenty thousand dollars.
14th. Alf persons who have taken the
oath of amnesty as prescribed in the Pre?
sident's proclamation of December 8, A.
D. 1SC5, or an oath of alegiance-to tho
Government of the UnitedlStates since the
date of .-aid proclamation, and who havo
not theneeforward kept a nd maintained
the sume inviolate
Provided, that special application may
be made to the President for pardon by
any person belonging to the excepted
classes, and such clemency will be libe
rally extended as may be consistent with
tho facts of the case and the peace and
dignity of the United States.
Tho Secretary of State will establish
rules and regulations for administering and
recording the said amnesty oath, so as to
insure its benefit to the people and guard
the Government against fraud.
In testimony whereof, I have hereunto set
my hand and caused tho seal of the
United Stated to be affixed.
Done at the city of Washington, the 20th
day of May, ia the year of our Lord
18?5, and of thc independence of the
United States the eichty-ninth.
.?Ey the President:
WM. H. SEWARP, Secretary o? Stat?
I June 9