Newspaper Page Text
Wednesday Morning, July 18, 1865.
. Tra? Motives for Straggle.
The obligations of the present to the
past are drawn in favor of the future, and
woe to him who discredits them by non?
performance! We are debtors for an ira
menee inheritance of civilization, through
thousand? of years of equal sacrifice and
achievement-debtors to prophets, barde,
heroes, statesmen; wise men and virtuous
women; cheerful and brave wrestlers with
time and trial and necessity, toil and war
-glorious workers in a thousand different
provinces, in which they reaped little for
themselves beyond the fame which hallows
ther memories-in myriads of cases earn?
ing scarcely the bread that kept therm in
life' and enabled their physical powers to
meet the exigencies of the hour. Yet,
what a heritage of pride, pleasure, wealth,
security, have they transmitted to their
posterity-what precious hopes and pos?
sessions, ind what immortal examples?
Alas! when we look over the field, and
survey the prospect, we tremble to think
that our present is discrediting our past.
What. terrible spectacles have we wit?
nessed of equal peculation and specula?
tion-of blind greed that rages in the
struggle after money, when it is safety
which is our great requisite-of vanities
and appetites which madly contemplate
self only, when self can only be rendered
safe by self sacrifice. This is the true
meaning of the Biblical law, so strange to
unbelievers, that he who would save Iiis
life shall lose it. We must toil tor the
common good, if we would secure our own;
labor in behalf of to-morrow, if we would
secure to-day; airri at all the prospects of
futurity, to be sore of the present hour.
? Ford's Theatre at Washington ?3 not
only not sold, nor to be sold; the proprie?
tor s83'ing that it is quite too valuable to
him as a theatrical property to be sacri?
ficed for any amount which the church is
willing to giv8. But th 3 box in which
Lincoln was killed is to Jbe kept shut up.
COTTON IN TEX&S.-A letter from Gal?
veston to the New Orleans Times, dated
Juna 19, gives some items of interest, to
cotton dealers. The writer states that
them is much less colton, in Texas than
had been supposed. Some authorities Bay
that there ?snot over fifty thousand bales
in the whole State, but I am inclined to
think this estimate too low. All the best
cotton. Urey say. has either been carri??:!
to the Rio Grande and shipped from there,
or has run the blockade here. * * Th?
growing crop, I am told, promises pretty
well, and ?hey say ther- is nearly, or
quite, a half a crop planted. The ncgroea
seem to be working as usual.
Steam packet communication has been
resumed betlan Charleston and Savan?
RUSSIAN CONQUEST IN CENTRAI, ASIA.
The attention of the world has lately been
directed to the great advance made by
Rnssia in Turkistan or Independent Tar?
tary. The capture of Khokan has given
them a sure footing on the frontiers of
China and very near the North-western
frontiers of British I ?di a. The Sultan of
Khodan. since its capture, has sent an
envoy to Constantinople to complain of
the encroachments of Russia. He has just
arrived, bringing with him most curious
and costly presents for tha Sultan.
Coming by way of Egypt, he had an
interview with Sir Henry Bulwer at Cairo,
and as the result of this, he will soon go
to England, to represent his case there,
and, if possible, obtain aid from the
"Queen of India" against Russian aggres?
But this advance of Russia was made
too quietly and too surely to be meddled
with; her usual foresight, denies having
Asiatic conquests in view. There surely
can be no barra in having a safe road into
the interior of China, as this is declared
to be the sole object of Russia in seizing
what was once the seat of the Empire of
It is difficult to understand what the
Sultan of Khokan can expect to accom?
plish by this costly embassy to Constanti?
nople, but as a historical fact, it is a very
interesting circumstance; while, as a tan*
gible proof of the power of progress of
Russia in the East, it may well cause Sir
Henry Bulwer some uneasiness, especially
as Russian influence is now more potent,
even in. Constantinople, than English.
A clique has been organized in New
York to impeach Mayor Gunther and
Comptroller Breman before Gov. Fenton,
for want of loyalty.
The United Service Petroleum Company
is before tho Now York Police Courts as
Several important orders from bead
quarters are published in another column,
to which the attention of all readers is
THE EXPRESS FOE CH ABLEST" N, ETC.-Pas?
sengers for Charleston and the low coun?
try can have a choice of routes, by taking
Messrs. Coffin, Fowles & Co.'s express
line-leaving Columbia every' Tuesday,
Thursday and Saturday for Orangeburg,
and Monday, JrVedaesday and Friday for
Kingsville. There are relays of horses oe
?NOTBKE LINE.-Messrs. Mouteith and
Wells are running a carriage and wagon
to Kingsville, so that passengers can have
no difficulty now in getting through.
We are indebted to Capt. Mesnard, 25th
Ohio Volunteers, aud George S. Cameron,
Esq., for late Charleston and New York
papers. Andrew Lee, Esq., will also please
accept our thanks for a copy of the New
Orleans Times, of the 30th ult Judging
from the advertisements, business in that
city is being poshed along. The river
trade is also beginning to flourish-as
there are numerous notices of arrivals and
departures of river steamers.
Cotton continues to arrive, by boat or
wagon. The article shows itself lively.
It still looks upward. Speculators are j
busy. The operatiorfs, seeking, finding, |
selling and buying, are of a sort to put ?
money into some one's pocket, and, we I
trust, put some into general circulation.
We are told that the first holders hold on ;
tenaciously, only yielding to customers, j
uuder the persuasive influence of gold, at |
the rate of 15 a 20 cents. Bien-bon!
CULTIVATE GOOD FEELING.-It is the duty
of every good citizen to check in every
possible way the tendency to exasperate
the bitter thoughts which have grown out
of the great civil war ended. There are
men among us, deficient dike in sense and
in principle, on both sides of the quest ion
which has been decided by the stern arbi?
trament of arms, who do and say mauy
things in the most reprehensible nmnner,
for the mere purpose of injuring the feel?
ings of others. We are gl?d to be able lo
say that this disposition is by no means
often shown; that the great majority of
our people exhibit an evident desire to
bury the past as soon as possible, and to
work harmoniously for the good of the
State. These promoters of bad feeling,
however, ought to be put down in this
community. They are disturbers of the
p?aco, are the enemies of good order, and
di? the worst work for our people that a
fiendish ingenuity could devise.
Ve e can take no steps backward. Our
duties are in the present and for the future.
The revival of discussions which should
be forgotten, and which, if revived, will
renew the spirit which broucht on the
war, should be indignantly frowned on by
every friend of Louisiana. There is no
good te be attained by denouncing North?
ern nun, or attempting to disregard their
rights in this community, for we need their
aid, their capital and 'heir enterprise.
There will no benefit result from condemn
ing utterly the great mass of the Southern
people who have supported the Confede?
racy. These citizens are still to be the
main population of these States, aud they
should be encouraged in their return to
loyalty. Rebellion is doue. With the
General Government, and not the private
citizen, rests the necessity for dealing with
the crime of treason. The Government
will be and lias been magnanimous. The j
private citizen violates his obligations to j
patriotism if he refuse? to he so.
[New Orleans Times. j
THE HERALD'S OFFER TQ SELL ITSELF TO
THE REBEL GOVERNMENT.-That Bennett
asked Mr. Davis to give him ?50,00U to
support and advocate the rebellion, and
that Mr. Davis declined the offer, we have
known for some months, but have not been
at liberty, until now, to make public. The
focb was stated to us by a gentleman to
whom Mr. Davis himself alleged it-a
gentleman whose word would not b?
doubted were we at liberty to mention his
name, and who, although politically op
posed to, yet enjoyed his personal "confi?
dence, and between whom and the rebel
President there was such intimacy that to
him first Mr. Davis communicated the
despatch of Gen. Lee urging the evacua?
tion of Richmond.
If our recollection serves us, Bennett, in
his offer to Mr. Davis, stipulated ihat this
?50,000 should be deposited, to his -redit
abroad, and a!so that the rebel Govern?
ment should make good any losses he
might incur in advocating its cau?e. Mr.
Davis declined the offer, preferring to
eetablish an open, honest organ, the Index,
in'Loudon, and thereby showed a very
correct appreciation of the Herald's utter
lack of political weight and influence, its
probable treachery, its certain cowardice,
an shown when it. was compelled to hois
the stars and stripes, and its capacity
linke anv cause odious by its support.
[Noe York World
System of Labor in Scotland.
Editor Charleston Courier: As it
is now pretty well understood tbat a
?new system of agricultural labor will
have to be organised io this State,
and as you, through your valuable
columns, are often urging the neces?
sity of action at once, and as some
may not know how to proceed, with
your permission I will give, ia detail,
the whole system of hired labor as it
is in operation io Scotland. If it will
suit your columns it is at your service.
And first, there are regularly ap?
pointed days for the hiring of servants,
married and single; the former are
hired for twelve months, the 26th day
of May is term day, the hiring takes
place on the first of March, the terms
are so many bushels of grain, a house
free, a cow kept and a small sum of j
.money (three pounds sterling.) If the
laborer have a large family he wili,
in most cases, be preferred, as the
little boys and girls are of so much
use on the farm; but only the head of |
the family is bound, the others get a
trifle in money for their services. If ?
the bound person gets sick, the farmer
gives him his wages in full tor the
term, he having to find his own physi?
cian. If he should become finally
unfit for work, the Parish takes care of
him; also all others, old or young,
that cannot help themselves. There
is, I believe, over a million and a half;
of these farm laborers in tin; low lauds
of Scotland, and the tax is surprising?
ly small on the landed inter* st to
supply the Parish relief; and so it. will
become here, if a judicious system of
labor is organized, and will work well
for both clas>es aud make tho Slate
Thu single servants, of both sesos,
are hired by the half ye n-, we paid in
money, and arc under the immediate
eye of the master and board at his
house, but do not always cat ;it ihe
same table, although gett.ii^j; often the
same fare. lu some countries this
might bo thought* hard treatment,
more especially as tin? master and
servant are one color and ra'-'C. lt is
not thought hard of there; they would
not feel at home if they were admitted
to social equality with those that are
so much above them.
Aud so if a proper system ia adopt?
ed here, there need be no dread of
social equality, so much apperently to
be dreaded by some.
Respectfully, A. STENHOUSE,
18 Hayna street.
CHARLESTON, July 10, 1805.
It is reported that a "big right" recently
took place near San Antonio. Texas, be?
tween a party of returned Confederate
soldiers and some Germans.
TWO or three ROOMS, with a kitchen.
For further particulars, apply at the
corner of Richland and Sumter streets.
Improve your Gardens.
THE subscriber offers his services to tho
citizens of Columbia, to improve and
beautify their gardens and grounds. Has
no objection to take charge of n place in
tbe country. Apply to H. WINTER, next
door to Hook and Ladder House.
jnly 19 _ t_
100 BALES COTTON WASTED.
I) ARTIES desiring to sell will call opou
i.ie at the "Shiver House."
July 19 4?_T. P. BRAl.Cn.
fW'WJLs A CARRIAGE and a CO
Sgjg^SKVERED SPRING WAGON
TSftT will ?eave Columbia, THIS
(Wednesday) AFTERNOON, 10ih inst., at
4 o'clock, for Orangebarg. Ladies d?sirons
of going to Charleston will find it to their
advantace to secure seats earlv. Apply
to. . A. H. MONTEITH,
At Mrs. Yates'.
Or JOHN R. WELLS,
Julv 19 1* At Shiver House.
THE tri w?eklv express line of
^'CARRIAGES anil SPRING (co?
vered) WAGONS leaves Columbia every
Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday, at. 3 p.
m., having changed the schedule. They
leave Oran?eburg every Monday, Wednes?
day and Friday, immediately after the
arrival of the train from Charleston. Re
Jays of fresh horses have been stationed
at points on the road. Connection always
made with the following morning's train
for Charleston. Seats can lie engaged by
application to E. COFFIN, <>r J. H.
FOWLES, at the store of R. M. Stokes.
Columbia. S. C., or to ,10HN W. WARD,
Treadwell's Houl. Orargvburfr,& C.
I july 10 * wlhs ;.
sioner of the Bureau of Refugees,
Freedmen and Abandoned Lands,
for Columbia, S. C., and Vicinity.
COLUMBIA, S. C., July 18,1865.
CIRCULAR NO. ll
IN accordance ?with Special Orders No.
318 from the War Department, and
instructions received Lom Brevet Major
General Saxton, Assistant Commissioner
Freedmen's Burean for South Carolina.
Georgia and Florida, the undersigned
hereby assumes control of all matters ro?
tating; to refugees, freedmen and aban?
doned lands, as Acting Assistant Commis?
sioner of the Bureau for Columbia and
vicinity-headquarters at Columbia, in the
College Campus, where all commuideations
relating to the Freedman's Bureau for this
District should be addressed. To this
Bureau is entrusted the educational, in?
dustrial aid other interests of freedmen;
and I earnestly solicit the co operation
and aid of the military' authorities and all
loyal citizens in this work. The policy
?which has been pursued will be continued,
subject to such modifications as may bc
made fro n time to time by the head of the
bureau at Washington. 1). C. Let usstrive
earnestly lo establish peace and good will,
and do what we can to inaugurate for our
country a fairer future of happiness and
prosperity. lt. ELY. Brevet Col.
And Act. Ass't Com. Freedman's Bureau,
july 19 1
Headq'rs 4th Sub-District, Military
District of Charleston, D. S ,
. CITY OF COLUMBIA, S. C.,
JULY 17. 1865.
GENERAL ORDERS NO. ll.
IN compliance with General Orders No
102, Headquarters Department of the
South, dated nt Hilton Head, ?rf. C., June
27. lSGfi, the following officers and citizens
are announced ns the Board constituting
the Superior and Circuit Provost*Courts of
this Sub-District, and, for the present, will
convene their sessions at Columbia, S. C.:
Superior (.'un rt.
2d Lieut. GEO UGH W IDEN, 25th
Rc-'t O. V. V. I., Provo,! Judge.
DA MEI. P. MCDONALD, Esq., of Co?
lumbia, Associate Jndgo.
ANDREW ii. DASEIN, Esq "of Colum?
bia, Associate Judge.
Will be presided over by one of the
Associate Judges, to ba designate.1 by thc
Sub-District Commander. By order of
Lb Col. 251 h Ueg't. O. V. V. L, Com'.lg.
JOHN WALTON, Lt. 25th Reg't O. V. V.
I.. A. A. Adj't Q>u?. July l-l ?
Saddle and Bridle for Sale.
A NO. I SADDLE and BRIDLE and
x\. SADDLE CLOTH for .sale. Apply
to G. D. HOPE,
July IS fl* Richland street.
( \ OLD and SILVER COIN.
Securities and Valuables. Hig 'est prices
paid. ZEALY, SCOTT <fc BRUNS.
Brokers, Auctioneers and Com. M ere* ts,
July 18 3 Assembly street.
AFINE TOP RUGGY, (new,) with a
eood HORSE and set of SILVER
PLATED H \RNESS. Also, a Double Set.
of HARNESS and one CARRI AGE POLE.
Can be seen at any time, at my residence
on Camden street. C. HAMBURG.
July 18 3*
A T private sale, an elegant Rosewood
1 JL 7 octave PIANO, various articles of
FURNITURE, GLASS and CHINA, also,
a set of elegant LACE CURTAINS and
CORNICES, perfectly new. Apply corner
Bull and Lady streets, rear of Presbyte?
rian Church. July 18 3*
S) ~ DOZ. LADIES' GAITERS.
?Jt) 25 " " Sewed Bootees.
25 doz. Ladies' Pegged Bootees. Cheap.
ZEALY, SCOTT ? BRUNS.
July IS _2_
Change of Schedule on the Wil?
mington and Manchester Railroad.
SUMTER, JOLY 10, 1665.
ON and after July IO, trains will run
tri-weckly over this road, as follows:
Leave Kingsville every Tuesday, Thurs
i day and Saturday, at 4 45 a. m., for Pee
1 Dee and all stations on the Cheraw <sVnd
Darlington and North-eastern Railroad
passen ge i s reaching Charleston same night.
Returning-Arrive at "Kingsville every
Monday, Wednesday and Friday, at 8.42
p. m., from any of the points indicated
above. HENRY M. DUANE,
July 14 12 General Superintendent.
Gen. Sup'ts O??'ice C- & S. C. R.R.,
CHESTER, JULY 3, 18^6.
1TNTTL f iic? notice, trains will be run
J dail^, . tins road, as lotlows:
Leave Charlotte at 8 a.m.; arrive at
Adger's about 4 p m. Leave Adger's at
7 a. m.; arrive lu Charlotte about 3 p. m.
July 6 12 JAS. ANDERSON. Sup't.
Brass and Copper Wanted.
nSOLOMON it CO. strll continue to
. purchase BRASS and COPPER.
Th? highest market pr>ee will be paid.
H. SOLOMON it CO.,
Weit tide of Assembly street,
.luh ? Duo Brlow Plain.
Nails, Irons Shoes, Yarn, Furniture, ?fcc.
By A. R, Phillipa.
THIS (Wednesday) MORNING, 19th iDstr
at 9tj o'clock, 1 will sell, at my Auction
Room, Bedell's Row,
10 kegs Nails, assorted sizes.
3.OOO Horse-shoe Iron.
48 pairs Ladle?' fine Leather Gaiters.
Bunches Cotton Yarn.
Bureau. Bedstead, Chairs.
Mattresses, Feather Beds, Tables.
Washstands, Trundle Bedstead.
Letter and Cap Paper, lot Books.
Bathing Tub, bottles Vinegar.
. Lot Wool and Curled Hair,
100 Empty Bags.
Twilled and Homespun Drewers, ?fcc:
N. B.-Unlimited articles received until
hour of sale. July 19 2
An Extensive and Positive Sale of Handsome
By Jacob Levin.
JOSEPH SAMSON. Salesman.
WILL be sold, without any reserve, THIS
MORNING, the 19th "instant, at 10>
o'clock, at the residence of Mr. Hei,
three squares below the Slate House,
Marble-top Bureau, do. Washstand, do.
Centre Tables, Bedsteads. (French.) Ma?
hogany Wardrobe, with Mirrors, do. Rock?
ing Chairs, do. Chairs, large Mirrors, Sofas,
Carpets, Beds and Bedding. Secretary nnd
Bookcase, Books, (valuable,) Damask Cur?
tains, Crockery and Glassware, Kitchen
Utensils, and a general assortment of use?
ful articles required ?TI families.
Two fine Pianos, in good condition.
Two Cows and Calves-giving a quan?
tity of milk.
Conditions cash. July 19 2
Building Jot for Lease pf Five Years...
By Jacob Levin, Auctioneer.
ON MONDAY next. 24t.h inst, 1 will offer
at public auction, On a lease of five
The VACANT I.O.Ton Assembly street,,
adjoining Messrs. Zenly, Scott ?fc Bruns,,
belonging to the Hebrew Benevolent So?
ciety of Columbia. The said hit measures
.10 feet on front, and running back Kasir
waidly 108 feet.
CONDITIONS.-Bond, with two approved
securities, pliable in quarterly instal?
ment. Julv 18
NEW YORK & PHILADELPHIA,.
AND FOR SALE AT
WHOLESALE AND RETAIL,
A LARGE STOCK OF
GENT'S AND LADIES'
FLItMSIIRG GOODS, M., &C,
CONSISTING IN PAKT OK
J 'ALICOES, DELAINES, LAWNS,
V, /' Jaconet, and Swiss MUSLINS,
Bleached and Unbleached HOMESPUN.
Hoop mid Balmoral SKIRTS.
HAIR NITS, SHAKER HOODS.
CLO 1 HING.
UNDERSHIRTS and DRAWERS.
HATS. SOCKS, NECK-nES.
BU TTERFJ. Y SC A1 : FS
Fancy and White PAPER COLLARS.
Ll NEN HANDK EUCH IE FS.
SUSPENDERS, TABLE CLOTHS.
PENCILS. KNIVES und FORKS.
NEEDLES, 1 LAX THREAD.
A large ard fine stock of
'IMPORTED AND DOMESTIC
JS 23 Gr J^. IEL ! ?
KoR S.M.I; nv
FOOT & SULZBACKER, Agents,
Assembly street, between Plain and Wash?
ington. July 15 *?
Headquarters United States Forces,
CITY OF COLUMBIA. S. C.,
Jfi.v 14, lo't*>5.
GENERA L ORDERS NO. 8.
4 LL Permits' issued from these head
J.\- quarters, in accordance with General
Orders No. 4, to Sell intoxicating liquors
to citizens by the bottle or otherwise, are
hereby revoked, and all nabs of such
liquors are strictly prohibited, except upon
certificates of necessity from respeetablo
surgeons or physicians and special permis?
sion from these headquarters. This mea?
sure has been rendered necessary by the
constant abuse of the privilege b'eretoforo
granted liquor sellers, many of them hav?
ing repeatedly violated the order forbid?
ding the sale of liquor to enlisted men of
the United Slates army, aa wgrll nt to ne?
groes and citizens of a disreputable cha?
racter. By order of
Lieut. Col. N. HAUGHTON,
25th O. V. V. I., Comraandg Post.
Jen* W/:TOV,PO-? Adjutant. H ?