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'r*Jqtl*ac**S-3-i'ur.'ii ?.??ja- -" - ,:^TTCixttMaratOc
meated every part of tlie interior, and
in ii very few isolated sections the
relations.of master and slave in some
ca?ea particularly exist; but the number
of such instances are diminishing
daily, and will utterly cease to exist,
as the agents of ie Bureau succeed
in reaching tho localities that are still
Professor S. M. McCullough and
Gen. Thomas A. Harris, prominent in
the rebel service, have been brought
here from the coast of "Florida and
lodged in prison.
A gentleman locently arrived here
from Florida states that David L.
Yulee, ex-Senator from Florida, has
been lodged in Fort Pulaski, together
with Acting-Governor Allison, whose
predecessor committed suicide. This
informant represents that although as
much cotton will not be raised as
, heretofore in Florida, the corn crop is
very abundant. A public meeting
was lately held at Mariana to initiate
measures for the restoration ot the re?
lations of Florida to the Union. No
delegation has yet appeared in Wash
. ington on this subject.
President Johnson was waited on
yesterday by Messrs. James A. Jones,
R. A. Lancaster, Wm. H. Haxall and
J. L. Apperson, representatives ol
merchants and others of Virginia, whe
wished him to amend the amnesty
proclamation by striking cut the thir?
teenth exception-the twenty thousand
dollar clause. They represented that
this feature interfered with the develop
ment of industry br binding up capi?
tal, and in this way oppressed th*
poor, and that when they endeavorec
m> borrow money in the Northern o:
Middle States they were at once me
by the objection that perhaps tho}
had over twenty thouands dollars, am
if they had, the accommodation coule
not be extended, so that they wen
unable to give work to the poor mei
who called upon them, ?fcc.
The President reminded them tha
the amnesty proclamation d:J no
cause this distrust; it was the coin
mission of treason and the violation o
law tlAt did it. Tiie amnesty pro
ciamatioti left these men just wher
triey were before-it did not add an;
disability to them. Lt the}* had com
milted treason they were amenable t
the confiscation law which Congres
had passed, and which he, as Pres:
dent could not alter nor uniend. I
the amnesty proclamation he had o
lered pardon to some per-on-s br.
that did not injure any other person;
Would they like to have the amuest
proclamation removed? Would the;
feel any easier in that case?
A Del?gale-No; but it woul
assist us very much if you woul
extend the benefits of the proclam?
tion to persons worth over tweet
The President replied that in mal
iog that exception he had acted on th
natural supposition that men had aie
ed the rebellion according to th
extent cf their pecuniary meao3. Di
they not know this?
A Delegate-No, I did not know i
The President-Why, yes, you d<
You know perfectly well it was th
wealthy men of the South wh
dragooned the people into secession,
lived in the South, and I know ho
the thing was done. Your State wi
overwhelmingly opposed to secessio
but your rich men used the press ar
bullies and your little army to fore* tl
State into secession. Take the twent
thousand dollar clause; suppose am:
is worth more than that, now the w
is over, and the chances are ten to 01
that he made it out of the rehelli<
by contracts, &c. We might as w>
talk plainly about this matter. T dot
think you are so anxious about relievii
the poor. You want this clause remov
so as to be able to make money, tloi
you? ?f you are very eager to he
the poor, why don't you take the si
plus over the twenty thousand dolli
you own, and give to them? In th
way you will help them, and bri
yourselves within the benefits of t
proclamation. I am free to say to y
that I think :jome of you ought
be taxed on all over tweuty thousa
dollars to help the poor. When
was Military Governor of Tennessci
assessed such taxes on those who h
been wealthy loaders of the rohc?i
?md it btv? i owe. effect.
Delegate-It so happens that none
of us were leaders. We staid out
a3 long as we could, and were the last
to go ia.
The President-Frequently those
who went in last were among the
worst after they got in. But, bu that
as it may, understand \ne. gentlemen, T
do not say this personally; I am just
speaking of the general working of
tho matter. I know there ha3 bec-n
an effort among ?orne to persuade the
people that the amnesty proclamation
was injuring them by shutting up
capital and keeping work lrom the
poor. It does no such thing. If that
is true at aft, it is done in consequence
of the violation of law and the com?
mission of treason. The President
concluded by saying that be*would
look at the papers they presented, but,
so far, bad seen no reason for removing
the thirteenth exception.
Now that the conspiracy trial is .
over and the sentences of the Military
Commission are executed, there will
6oon be some definite action concern?
ing the trial of Jefferson Davis. If it
should be determined to try him for
treason, the. proceedings will, of course,
take place before a civil tribunal; but
from present indications it is more
probable that lae will be tried by a
military commission as the leader or
instigator of the conspiracy; for it is
said in Government quarters there are
newly discovered proofs against him in
A SECRET KEPT.-A French ac?
tress, whose youth and beauty ap?
peared inexhaustible-on the boards
never would tell her age. Of course,
the moro she wouldn't tell it, the more
curious peuple were to know it. A
woman can't keep a secret! She kept
By good luck-as the multitude i
thought-she was summoned a* a
witness on a trial. Tho gossips rubbed
their bonds and chuckled. 'Alia! we
shall know it now. Sim must tell, or
go to pri?oti for contempt of court.
' She won't yo to prison; she will, there
: fare, tell.' The court was crowded \
i with open-eared listeners. lu French !
i courts of justice, thc witness does not
stand in a box to give evidence, but ;
sits on a stud in the middle of the j
door of the court, in Iront of the pre- .
I indent's desk, and with no barrier or !
i separation between it and himself. The !
! lady was ushered in, raised lier right j
i hand to heave'), took the oath to speak j
; the truth, and t : ic n sealed herself on \
j tho witness stool. 'Your name?* asked
i the president. 'Angelique Toujours !
Henrie.'- 'Your profession?' 'Artiste j
j dramatique.' 'Your age?' You might j
i have heard a pin drop, or the hair j
j grow on the bystanders1 heads. Every ?
eye was bent on the lady, ^he was j
driven into a corner at. last!
Foolish Parisian public to think so! ;
Angelique simply rose from her seet,
walked straight up to tho president's
desk, and whispered the secret in his
ear. He nodded, made the entry in
bis private notes, and smiling, con- j
tinued the rest of his interrogatory as ?
soon as she had resumed her place on j
the sellette. The public retired with
feelings of mingled disgust and admi?
ration. The trial had lost all further
interest; and the president was known
to be a man of honor and gallantry,
who would never let a pretty woman's
cat escape from his presidential ba?.
[All the Year Round.
SUMMER IN AUSTRALIA.-The Aus?
tralian summer, which is now over, has
been the warmest on record. Feb
auary 27, which would about corres*
pond in point of season with the same
date in our August, bas this year
earned the name of ''Black Monday,"
; from the fearful devastation caused by
the heat. Throughout the colony of
, Victoria the thermometer stood at
' 98 to 106 degrees in the sh&de,
tha atmosphere was loaded with dust,
i and a hot wind swept over the land,
. carrying destruction with it. Fires
; burst out simultaneously over hun
! dreds of miles; forests were reduced to
i ashes, crops and grass destroyed and
? houses bumed. The damage is esti
I mated between two and three hun
. drei thousand poun?ssterling, without
? taking into aceouut the timber con
l sumed. The Victoria Parliament bab
, voted .?50.000 isa p^rti;i! relief tc the
Tus COTTON AND. LAHOR QUES?
TIONS IN.GEORGIA.-A lei ter received
hy the Collector of th? Pow. of Now
York from a prominent merchant in
Ma?on, Coorgia, says:
I have just returned from a lourney
of some GO miles down cue s-uie our
river ami up tile other, ami was very
glad to find that but few fields wei o
abandoned on account of th.? emanci?
pation of ti:e negroes-comparatively
but few.negroes were absent from their
former owners; in that case their
places were supplied hy white laborers
just relieved from the army. A very
large number of negroes after the
emancipation order was promulgated
dill leave their horries, and having
visited our city ami 'seen the elephant,'
have returned, and when allowed to
stay have gone quietly to work. IL?
most cases the former owners have
stipulated with the negroes to give
them either wages or a portion of tho
In all my journeys through the
thousands of acres of rich cultivated
lands on both sides of thc river I saw
but very little land in cotton culture,
but I believe that in another season, if
we are let alone, and not trammeled
with Government restrictions of master
and servant, letting each adapt itself
to the new order of things, and regu?
lating itself, and with wholesome State
laws to restrain the negro to his labor,
and the master to pay the laborer his
dues, in that case, notwithstanding the
depressed feeling of our planters, that
we will make nearly half of our usual
crop of cotton.
LATEST WHISKEY DODGE.-The
following 'loyal' mefhod of avoiding a
loss cn whiskey, without seeming to
defraud the Government, has just
been invented lu New York city:
A, isa distiller, and holds 100 bar?
rais of whiskey,on which the tax (two
dollars per galion) has not, been paid.
Whiskey is selling at about $2.03 per
gallon, tax paid and cost ol whiskey
included. A. wants t > get out whole*
so he g.)<^s to B.. confidential friend,
says that, he .hus not intend to pava
cl >l! >r lax on ins whiskey. B.becomes
informer, ar.tl, as such, is entitled to
half tho proceeds ot sale. The whiskey
is s .'.'ed at.d sold at auc'iou. brings
Sl.'J? per gailon, cash. B, ree. ivt a
07 1-2 cents per gallon for his share,
as i: former. A. makes out V..^ cos?
of the v.-hi>k .? . s-n- l,"i erenis per ?ral?
l?n, which ;s .]. Ju 'ted from (hu l?7 1-2.
and the balaric . is er? ;aliy divided
between \. and B., and Cncle Sam
gels 07 1 '_' rents, instead of two
dollar?, per gallon.
LAHOR IN SAXONY. GERMAN V.-The
Secretary of th? Ohio Agricultural
Soeiety, who is MW travelling in Ger
mane, in his last letter to tho Colum?
bus Journal, titus speaks of the waged
of labor in thc Kingdom of Saxony:
'Tlie farm laborer now pets 15 to 20
grochens ('.\7 1 2 to 50 cents) per day,
and the women get 8 to 10 grochens
(20 to 2? cents) per day. Women
and dogs perform a vast amount of
labor here; you will find everywhere
on the streets and in the country a
woman and a dog harnessed to a
wagon, loaded heavy enough for a
horse. All over Germany, from Hol?
stein here to Saxony, I have seen
more women than men at work in the
fields, and doing the severest kind of
drudgery. The men are employed in
mechanical pursuits, or else are in the
That was a good joke on a young
and gallant Hoosier officer, who on
receiving a note from a lady, 'request?
ing the pleasure of his company' at a
party to be given at her house, on the
evening designated, took his volunteers
and marched them to the young lady's
residence. When it was explained to
him that it was himself alone who
had been invited, he said, 'By golly,
the letter said company, and I thought
the lady wanted to see all the boys.'
An Eng]i?h clergyman was lately
depicting before a deeply interested
audience the alarming increase of in?
temperance, when he astonished his
hearers, bv exclaiming: 'A young
woman in iiiy neighborhood died very
?suddenly last Sabbath, while I was
preaching tb? Go pel in a stats cf io
i tojP'.'h.t"'; j1'
1 " Count Albert de Revel lias, acoord
I ing to. a Parisian correspondent of the
Atheno'vm, beeu l?-fl ?2,000 a year by
an eccentric uncle, on the condition
that, with Tn two years, he shall marry
?a tal!, thin lady, of 'harmonious pro
I -t criions,' with long and thick golden
hair. She- must have an open lore
head, blue eyes, a brilliant white skin,
a well-nmda nose, a small mouth,
graceful limbs, and she is to ho tull of
grain-; end her churacler is to be
j slightly ?shaded with a poe^c languor,
j Albeit admits that the condition is not
a hard one, savo in the difficulty of
buding the peerless beauty who is to
share his.L'2,000 a year with him.
-rrrrrr.-s- .ma-; .-;
Died, in Columbia, S. C., duly. 19. 1865.
after a lingering illness, JESSIE, beloved
wife of Henry L. Bruns, and third daugh
ter of Alex. Gordon.
The relativea and friends of th? deceased
and family, are respectfully invited to at?
tend her funeral sei vices, at the residence
of Mr. li. S. Bruus. South end of Gates
esreet/at half-past J5, THIS AFTERNOON
BACHMAS & W'ATIES,
ATTORHIES AT LAW,
HAVE resumed the practice of their
profession. ?5?** Office No. 1 Law
Range. July 20 wim3
A Four-horse Covered Wagon
T ~"r?J"N?Ol WILL leave Columbia for
^2|?||||g?Camden. on SATURDAY
AFl ERNDON- For freight or passage,
apply to J. G. GIBBES or to mr.
July 20 2* A. MIDDLETON.
TOWNSEND & NORTH
1)EG leave to inform tl)cir old friends
y and put rons t liai, they will short ly
have a sleek of BOOKS and STATIONE?
RY, quite sufficient to supply all demands;
but, tor the present, they will' keep a
They are now receiving and opening
Paper, Envelopes. Pens, I'encils, Tinware,
Ink. Water Buckets, Brooms, Scissors,
Pocket Knives, Matches, Needles, Mustard,
extra line Smoking and Chewing Tobacco,
Segars, Sweet Oil, assorted Jellies, Pickle.?.
Hyson Tea, Water Crackers, Butter Bia
cuit, dinger Cakes, Sugar and flour. They
will endeavor, us far ns possible, to keep
such articles as ?ire needful until they can
I <;et on their slocL >'f Books. Store next
j io Bcdeir*. ' July 20 +
! ~ T?T: UNDERSIGNED
"OESTKCTFULLY notify their friends
: it ..cid eustomura that tbcv b>v" ?K
OPENED their r-fore a!, their old stand,
i No. 83 Ens! Hiv, corner of Vendue
; Rung.:. Charleston, S. C., where th-jy will
. consT..'i!it ly keep on hand and for sale, st
! LOWEST MAKKET PRICES, a general
j assortment . >!' GROi ERIES, imported and
donvstic ALEA. WIN Eft, LIQUORS and
i ??A'*ARS, well known brands.
ROLLMAN N BROTHERS.
J July ;!.) vfS
Mil HiITO WiXiWM
M?i?M? billi 1 tl tts,
j WHOLES ALIC HEALERS
! FOREIGN BRANDIES, WISES,
AND J. A. J. NOLETS IMPERIAL
AROMATIC SCHIEDAM SCHNAPPS.
1 AA PIPES Imperial EAGLE GIN.
1UU 1.000 boxes AROMATIC SCHIE?
600 boxes BITTERS, (Magentropben.)
100 Mille Cigars, of all grades.
Quart er and eighth casks Cognac Br.mdy
" " " Rochelle "
" " " Pert and Sherry
Scotch Ales and London Brown Stout
Porter. July '20 wfS
HA VE now on hand and are in weekly
receipt of ali grades RE .' ? N El)
SUGAitS, nags of COFFEE, boxes Soap,
j Starch, ?Kc. Also, ail grades of Hyson and
i Young Hyson Te .s, ano every other arti
ole connected with a wholesale grocery.
I Our senior partner is residing at thc
I Iso. iii for the present, and attending in
j person to all our purchases, which arc for
! cash only. We assure our friends and
j customers that we can and will do as well
I by them as any ot1,er house in this city.
I i ottoo and all Country Produces will be
? purchased at highest market prices, or
I >.ak? r. :r. cxdianc? for groceries.
I Che. Jestcy, o.*C , .? ?>)v 20. wfTj
Braiding Lol for Lease of Five Ycart
By Jauob Levin, Anotio&ccr.
O'S MONDAY next, 24 tb inst., I will o?L-r
at. public unction, ou tx leane of five
Tb? VACANT LOT on Assembly Rtreo?,
adjoining Ale?sra. Z-*aly, Scott -? Brunt-,
belonging to ihe Hebrew ?Benevolent So?
ciety of Columbia. The sahl lot measures
40 foot on front and running back Eest
wai div 103 feet.
Co.sDiTio.ss.-'-Boiid, with two approved
securities, payable in quarterly instal?
ments. July 18
LOT of EMPTY FLOUR BARRELS.
Apply at this office. July 20 8*
Architect and Oivil Engineer.
PROFESSIONAL BUSINESS attended
to in North and South Carolina. *
Office at Mrs. H. Lyons' Garden, Colum
bi?, S. C. ." July 20
Headq'rs Department of the South,
HILTON HEAD, S. C., Jot? 29. 1865.
GENERAL ORDERS NO. 106.
IN compliance with instruction? received
from the Wa? Department, all District
Commanders will cause an immediate
investigation to be mada within their
commands as to the expiration of service
of all men on detached du<y, in confine
i meat or otherwise separated from their
j regiments or companies. AU such men
i who are found entitled to diseliar^e will
.be immediately forwarded to thc Provost
Marshal General of thc; Department, who
I will send them to tlie Chhf Mustering
! Officer of their respective Stutes lur mus?
ter out, or to be ot herwise disposed of as
required hy existing orders. Bv cumumnd
of Maj. Gen. Q. A. GI LT .MO ME.
W. L. M. BURGER, Aa?'t Adj't < Icu.
Officia!: T. D. HOI.GKS, Capt. : i th U. S.
i C. T., Act. Asa't Adj't Gen. July :'.0 3
! Headq'rs D?partaient of the South,
i HI??TON H KA \) S. C.. JULY 1. !$./.&.
I GENERAL ORUERS NO. lOrJ.
I r'I"MIK following General Orders from the
_K. War Department are hereby pul>
j lished for the information ol tiiis com?
WA ll DEPARTM12NT.
ADJUTANT GENEIUL'S OKI ?IX,
Washington, Juuc li;, li^O.
j General Orders No. 1 15.
I Tin.- payment, of all United States bono
! ties to tii?? enlisting in the military s?r
', vice, will ce?se from ?md ni 1er July 1,
1865. By order ol' thu Secretary of War.
E. D. TOWNSEND,
Assistant. Adjutant General
WAR DEPARTM KNT,
ADJUTANT GF.NI:HAL"S OFFICE.
Washington, Julie J?, 1S65.
? Gmcral Orders No. 116.
Enlisted iit-^n <~>s thc Veteran Reserve
I Coi ps, who, it' they had remained hi C.
: volunteer regiments from which ?hey *\ero
i trausicrreil to tiie Veteran R?sefv.ir.
j would,-under existing >rderv, now b? euti
I tied to militer out ol Btrvice, will be t?;>
j discharged, provided that no man shall t;a
j mustered out w!?<* desires to serve hi* fud
I turm. Ev order ol' the Secrj'.ai yof Wur.
E. D. Tt/>v:;?L:<D.
Assistant AdjiMunt General,
"i By command ?d'
Maj. G-n. Q. A. GILLM?R.E. -
I W. L. M. BUROKK, Ass*L Adj't Gen.
I Official: T. D. HODGES, Capt. 35th E S.
C. P. Act. Asa't Adj't Gen. July 20 3
j " Saddle and Bridle for Sale.
1 A NO. 1 SADDLE and BRIDLE and
I A. SADDLE CLOTH for sale. Applv
! to G. O. HOPE.
I Juiy IS 3* Richland street.
On 1st Ausist,
In addition to the Daily, the
Will be published
TRI-WEEKLY and WEEKLY.
To accommodate its
FRIENDS IN THE COUNTRY.
Ti ?-weekly $2 three months; Weekly $1$.
SEM ON YOUR SOSCIFTIONS !
Household and Kitchen
AT PRIVATE SALE.
1OFFER at, private sale my entire House?
hold and Kitchen FURNITURE, consist?
ing of the uvaal variety, all in good order.
Great inducements wii! be offered I" any
one wishing to purchase tin- entire lot.
I have also a light CARRIAGE, ni Ljood
? order, suitable for on" or two horse?
A good TOP BUGGY and HARNESS.
A handsome CARRIAGE for H child.
A fine toned ROSEWOOD P?A>. aud
At the rfsidencf of Capt T R. bhsr,-.
Germai* -:...???. abo^e Pick* ut.