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' P-^MBIll ? I 111 IIIHITI-im
Tba Races in the South. ; .
A. Charleston (?.G) correspotdent
of a Boston paper writes that 'the
wQrpt sign her?, in Charleston, is the
growth ot a bitter and hostile spirit
between blacks and whites-a gap
opening between the races which, it
would .seem, may at some time result
seriously." The blarqe for this state of
things is attributed by some to the
whites, by others to the negroes, by
others to Boston busybodies, who have
gone South and stirred" up animosities
There in no doubt whatever that
there is very* great danger in the
future to the blacks of the Southern
States from the antagonism of the two
races which inhabit* them. In every
respect the whites are the dominant
race, and would remain so though the
negroes had the ballot to-morrow.
They urns dominant as regards numbers,
.being more than twice a? numerous as.
the blacks throughout the late slave
-States. In consequence of this" they
will be dominant as reg?rds political
power; they will be dominant also as
regards the possession* of real estate
and capital. So far as controlling
intellect, nervous energy, ambition,
education, self-possession and self*
dependence constitute elemeuts of
dominancy, they will be with the
whites. So far as tbe power of a
dominant race is increased by the
exercise ot power, rmd by the posses?
sion of hereditary -and historical free?
dom, in opposition to inherited and
inherent servility, by so much also
will the continued supremacy of the
white race in the South be guaran?
teed. Some of these features of char?
acter and condition may be changed iii
the cours? of ages; but the ages come
Under these circumstances, or under
any circumstances whatever, it ^ma?
lignant and criminal on the part of
anybody, and especially on the part of
those who claim to be the exclusive
advocates and admirers of the negro
race, to stir up such feelings, or inau?
gurate such courses of action aftd
policy, as will increase the growth of
the 'bitter and hostile spirit between
the blacks and whites,' which, we are
- told, is showing itself in the South.
The negroes of the South, who were
lately slaves, are very credulous, and
can easily be made to believe that the
whites are their enemies, and that |
everything they do, or attempt to do, ?
with reference to the blacks is done
for the purpose of injuring them. They j
will be made thievish, if perpetually
told that "their late masters lived by
plundering them; will be made indo*
lent if daily, told that their waojes are
too little; will become insolent if taught
to be so; aiyl will be transformed into
a vast body of worthlessness, degrada- \
tion and wretchedness, unless they are ;
/aught the duties of their new po- j
sitiot;, and unless these duties are
Nothing would be easier than to
increase and extend the antagonism of
race in tb? Sooth. It is strong enough
already; but it is still within bounds.
By the efforts of good 'men, and by t he
continued labors of the Christian
*"pulpit and the patriotic press, it might
be transformed and improved until
permanent relations of good will be?
tween the two races were established.
If it is to be otherwise-if hatreds are
to be engendered-it will take much
less than a century to produce a war
of races* in which the doom of the
unfortunate blacks need not be forecast.
[New York Times, July ll.
Charles Lamb was in the habit of
wearing a white cravat,' and in conse?
quence was sometimes taken for |a
clergyman. Once at a dinner table,
among a large' number - of guests, his
white cravat caused such a mistake to
he made, and he was called on to j
say graces. Looking up and down
the table he asked, in his inimitable,
lisping manner, MIs there no clergy?
man present "No, ?ir," answered a
"guest. "Tb-then," said Lamb, bow
ng his head, "let us thank God.*'
Hon. Pierre Soule, late of Louisiana,
has opened a law office in the City of
. Mexico. He has lived, the past year,
on a plantation near Puebla, but
found retirement unsuited to his active
nature, and moved to the Capital,
where he will bo likely to take part in
- Th? Negro Population.
' The Black Republican, a paper
very well edited by a black clergyman
at New Orleans, contains a-correspon?
dence between a committee of the
freedmen and the editor, on the pros?
pects of the black, population of the
South. From the reply of the editor
we copy tho following paragraphs:
The colored man and the white man
cannot live together in this country;
they must and will have to separate,
unless the Congress of the Nation
shall give them a place to themselves,
for as it was wirh Abraham and Lot,
so it is with us, the sooner we seek a
home for our rising generation, the
better it will be for us.
Our final destin}', as far as I can
dimly see. is that in three huudred
years it will be"a rare thing to see a
colored man in this country. Like
the Indian, our race in this country is
destined to become extinct, unless we
move to ourselves. And alter we
sha1! have obtained the right of suf?
frage, 1 shall strongly advocate a
treaty stipulation between the United
States and our race, whereby we may
live under the LTnited States flag, but
be apart to ourselves, and even then
we become dissatisfied, for there is no
historian that can point out an instance
where two nations have ever lived
One power must rule, and the other
will not be pleased; and if we don't
separate, iu less than three hundred
years the colored man in this country
will be a color between the Canadian
Indian and the inhabitants of India.
This country, gentlemen, is not ours, in
my opinion, and as the question hat
been asked by a party of freedmen,
the above is my answer to the same.
I could write a work upon this ques?
tion, had I the means to put it in
The immigration of the white race
from Europe must increase, whilst tb?
immigration of the black race musl
decease, as the slave trade has beer,
stopped, and the result is the A fricar
race in this couutry will finally rut
out, and all the property wo mai
accumulate for our rising generatior
will avail us nothing unless we obtair
a resting-p.lace of our own. Moreover
experience teaches that no two race?
car^ live together happily under om
flag when they both are properly edu
caled. Therefore, gentlemen, my im
partial opinion is, that this country it
not our home.
Bureau of Freedmen, Refugees and
. Abandoned Lands,
Washington, May 22.
Circular No. 3.
Whereas a large amount of land ii
the State of Virginia, and in ollie
States that have been in insurrection
has been abandoned by disloyal owner
and is now being cult*vated by freed
men; and whereas the owners of sucl
lands are attempting to obtain poi
session of them, and thus deprive th
freedmen of their jndustry: It i
ordered that all . abandoned lands ii
said Slates trow under cultivation b_
the. freedmen be retained in their po:
session until the crops now growing
shall be secured for their benefit, ui
less full and just compensation L
made for their labor and its product:
and for. expenditures.
. The above order will not be so coi
strued as to relieve disloyal persons <
their disloyalty; and the applicatio
for the restoration of their lands, b
this class of persons, will in no cate t
entertained by anv military author?
Maj. Gen., Commissioner Bureau ?
Freedmen and Abandoned Land
Adjutant General's Office, -
Washington, May 22, 1865.
All military authorities will sustai
the Commissioner of the Bureau
Refugees, Freedmen and Abandon*
Lands, and aid hi?i in the executit
of the above order:
By directions of the Secretary
War: E. D. TOWNSEND,
The crops in Ireland are report
'from all quarters to be in a satisfacto
condition. Potatoes, hay, wheat, fl
and oats are all in a forward state, ai
? the most beautiful weather eoDtinu
througbo'tt the island.
The barracks .at Rock Island,
Indianapolis, ?nh Washington, have
been. entirely emptied of Confederate
prisoners, and it was said that in the
course of about a week Camp Doug?
las, Chicago, would ho without a
Mr. M. T. Blome having retired
from the Pacificator', published at
Augusta, Ga., th* paper will hereafter
be published by Mr. Patrick WaUh.
It is the only Catholic journal in tbe
Brazil. Argentine R< public, and
Uraguay, had commenced war on
Paraguay, and immense forces were in
the.field on both sides, hostilities being
carried on without mercy.
Gen. J. E. Johnslo. -is at Buffalo
Springs, and is anxious to go to work
at some houest oecu prion and set an
example of submission and obeyance
to'tb? laws of his country.
rp WO WHITE FEM ALE SERVANTS
JL one to nurse an i'ifasit and sew; tho
other to do chamber and general house*
work. Apply nt this office. Joly '22 4
Dwelling House for Sale.
THE three-story brick DWELLING
HOUSE* situated on the North-east
corner of Laurel and Marion streets is
offered for sale for cash. The lot is large,
and has on it all necessary out-buildings.
For particulars apply at this office.
July 22 '6
BT the gallon or burrel, for sal? by
A small quantity of superior VINE?
GAR. Julv 22 1*
FURNITURE, STONEWARE, &o
IAM now prepured to REPAIR, CLEAN j
and REVARNISH all kiuds of FURNI?
TURE. 1 have nome fine and plain FUR- I
N ITU RE, a variety of STONEWARE. (?t
pottery prices,).with ft email lot of ORO- j
CERI?S and UN WARE, which I will sell !
or barter nt reasonable rates. Store and
shop at my burnt dwelling, first street
East of Main street, near Nicxerson's and
Congaree H?fel ruins. A portum of the
trade of my friends and of the citizens
generally is solicited. A. C. SQUIER.
July 22 +3
Just Received and for Sale by
Corner of Single and Lull Streets,
Ladies' SHOKS and GLOVES,
HAIR BRUSHES and COMBS,
FAN -, s KW I VG Tl 1 REA] >.
BROWN WINDSOR SOAP.
? GERMAN COLOGNE.
TURPENTINE SOAP, STARCH, .fcc.
A supply of TIN V/A HE, on hand.
July 22 t*
NOW OPENING AT
AUCTION ROOM, BEDELL'S ROW, j
AND will ho offered nt private sale for*
a lew rla\s only, a large and assorted I
stock of GOODS, consisting of:
Gent's Woolen and Linau SHIRTS,
SHIRT GOLLAUS, HALF HOSE,
Linen ann Silk Handkerchiefs,
Glove*, tine Felt Hat*,
Toilet Soaps, Corahs,
t Ladies' Hose, Corsets,'
Large assortment Hoop Skirts;
Parasols, Ladies' Gaiters and Slippers,
Collars and Cuffs, and many other arti
cles._July 22 3*
j Dissolution of Copartnership.
THE copartnership heretofore existing
between the subscribers, under the
name, style and firm of KILLIAN dr
WING, is this day dissolved by mutual
consent. F. W. WING, having purchased,
the debts due to tbe concern and assumed
those due.by it, persons having dalcunda
will present them to him, ansi persons in?
debted will maka payment to him.
F. W. WING.
The subscriber having purchased the
interest of ELI KILLIAN in the above
firm, the business will hereafter be con
ducted by him in his own name. He
respectfully solicits a share of public pa?
tronage. JP. W. WING.
The subscriber talles pleasure in recom?
mending hi' late partner, Mr. F. W. Wing,
to the support of the former patrons of
tho late firm of Killian & Wine :?"d of
the public generally. ELI KILLIAN.
W. H. EASTERBY,
Receiving and Forwarding Agent,
CHARLESTON. S. C.
PROMPT attention given to Orders for
the sale or parchas* of COTTON
Headquarters Military District of
CHARLESTON. S. C., JULY 17, 1365.
GENERAL ORDERS NO. 74.
O? much Of General Orrlers 71,
current s?ri?e, from thene Ilewlqiiar
tera, as erect* the Fifth Sub-District, is
Tue section of country comprising that
District in her oby attached lo th "j First
Sub District, the whols to be commanded
by Brevet Brig. Gen. W. T. BENNETT
Headquarters at Charleston
By command *of
Brevet Mai. Gen. JOHN p. HATCH.
LEONA HD B. PERBT. As>s't Adj't Gen.
July 22, 2
Headquarters Military District of I
CHARLESTON', S. C., JULY ll. 1865.
GENERAL ORDERS NO. 72.
^"pHE following telegram from the War
JL Department is published for the
inform ilion and guidance of this command.
Reports in accordance therewith will be
rendered to these Headquarters imme?
diately, by all concerned:
ADJUTANT GENERAL'S OFFICE,
Washington. June 2ft, 1S?5.
Telegram to Department Commander*.
" Please cause aa immediate investigation
as to the expiration of service of all men
on detached duty, iu confinement, etc.,
within your Department, that all entitled
to discusrge may be forwarded to the
Chief Mustering Officer of their respective
States, for muster-out, or to be otherwise
disposed of, ss required by existing orders.
Applications from the friends of this elate
of persons for their discharge, are being
constantly received at. this Department.
Assistant Adjutant General.
Official: SAMUEL BEECK, Ass't Adj't Gen.
By command of
Brevet M?j. Gen. JOHN P. HATCH.
*LKO.NAUD B. PEBBT, A^s't Adj't Gea.
Official: E. HAINS JEWETT, 1st Id eut.
65th Mau. Vols., A. A. A. G.
July 22 ?2
(Formerly of Baltimore, Md., late ut
No. 52 Wall Street, Nae York.
GROCERIES. LIQUORS. PROVI-j
SIONS. DRY GOODS, Bo O T ?? . j
Shoes, Hu ta, Crockery, Hardware, Leather. '
Petroleum, Oil and Lamps, Drutrs, and a j
general assortment of Goode, at lowest
COTTON. RICE. TOBACCO. ROSIN,
tte, purchased, ?'"dd ott coraiuistdoti or ?
exchanged for good? up"n favorable terni?, j
Ordlra and consignments respectfully i
Messrs. Wilson, Gibson <fe Co., Bankers. '
New York. , . . ,
Thomas <fc Co., Bankers, Baltimore
W. T. Walters ? C<... Btdtimore.
L. D. Creushaw, Esq.. Richmond. '
John Bratton, E?q , Winnshoro, S. C. j
Aabnry Coward, Esq.. Yorkvill?, S. C.
Joseph Walker, Esq., Spartanburg, S. C. j
M. L. Geary, Esq., Attorney, Edgefieid,
S. C. Ju!} 22 Imo j
3?". XJ. Piimips,
Receiving and Forwarding Agent,
ORANGEBURG, S. C.
July 21 b*
Mule Estray or Stolen
ALARGE SORREL ROAN MARE
MULE, blind in right eye; white
roane and t?il-closely trimmed; over l?
years old. A reward of ?10 will he given
for her recoverv. For particulars, inquire
of DU RB EC <fc WALTER,
july 21 _?t*
FOR SALE, - .
I LOT of EMPTY FLOUR BARRELS.
A Apply at, this office. July 20 S?.
FRESH MOUTAIN BUTTER, m.
~ FIRKINS fresh MOUNTAIN BUTTER
O-"A. A. A."
1 box of "The Pride of the South"-A.
A. A.-the choicest SMOKING TOBACCO
1 box "Gwinh-da-Gurb"-a rich Vir?
ginia variety of Smoking Tobacco, in bags.
1 box Mrs. Mien's do. do.
1 box Chambers A Patrick's do.-a most
savory brand for night smoking.
See ?n<J smoko for yourselves, and let
your sorrows end in ?moke.
ZEALY, SCOTT ?fe BRUNS,
July 21 Assembly street.
10? BALES COTTON WISTED!
PARTIES desiring to sell will call upon
me at the' Shiver House."
Joly 19 4* T. Vf BRAUCH.
Farmer's and Ex. Bank Charleston.
AMEETING of the Directors of this
Bank will be held at the office of the
President, No. 34 Broad street, (up staire.)
on THURSDAY. July 27, proximo.
' A full meeting is earnestly requested, as
business of much importance will be
brought before them.
President Farmer's and Exchange Bank.
Charleston,3 C, Julv !!, 1835.
T .,',?. is t =
By Jacob Levin
THIS (Saturday) MORNING, 22d inst., at
IO o'clock, I will Bell,tit my store, corner
of Assembly and Plain streets.
Sundry articles of FURNITURE, among
An elegant Velvet Carpet-new. .
A Mahogany Piano, 7 octave, ia perfect
' A variety of School and Miscellaneous
Bock*, English and Latin. To be sold
without reserve, owner leaving Columbia.
Uulimited articles received till hour of
gale._Jaly 22 2
Building Lot for Lease of Fine Years.
By Jacob Levin, Auctioneer,
ON MONDAY next, 24th inst, I will offer
at public auction, On a lease of ?ve
*Tbe VACANT LOT on Assembly street,
adjoining Messrs. Zealy. Scott & Brans,
belonging to the Hebrew Benevolent So?
ciety of Colombia. Thu said lot measures
40 feet pn front and r'uaaiug back East?
ward ly 103 feet.
. CONDITIONS.-Bond, with two approved
securities, pnyablu in quarterly instal?
ments. July 18
Architect and Civil Engineer!
PROFESSIONAL BUSINESS attended
to in North and South Carolina.
Office at Mrs. H. Lyons' Garden, Colum?
bia, S. C. Julv 20
BOOTS, SHOES ASD TRUNKS !
WHOLESALE AND RETAIL
STOCK REPLENISHED WEEKLY by
the New York steam ere. Purchases
are being made ia Philadelphia, New York
and Boston, by Mr. Dunham, of the firm
of Dunham. Taft <fc Co., and will be sold at
thc old established stand, 250 King street,
sign of the BIG BOOT, at very reasonable
prices; where the public and all his old
friends are invited to call and inspect fer
themselves. T. M. BRISTOL,
Sign of the Big Boot,
Bend of IUUM street, Chai leaton, S. C.
July 12 p |6"
_TJI0MAS c7 VEALT"
Architect .and Civil Engineer,
"\7S7ILL furnish plans, specifications and
? V personal supervision, with all ne?
cessary detail:; for public buildings, dwell?
ings; cottages, bridgen, Ac. lV?r city or
country. Survey? for city lots made on
application. Office at A. E. Phillips', Be?
dell's Row. duly 6 w?\*
* In addition to the Daily, the
W ill be published
TRI-WEEK LY and WEEKLY.
To accommodate its
FRIENDS IN THE COUNTRY.
Tri- weekly $2..three months; Weekly $1J
SEND OX YOUR SCBSCIFTIOSS !
WILL renew, on and alter the .TWEN?
TIETH OF JULY, that part of his
former business, which embraced tho sell?
ing of GOODS or MERCHANDIZE and
COUNTRY PRODUCE on commission.
His long acquaintance with the business
and wants of this community will give.
him some advaiuuges which shall be used
to thc benefit ot his patrous. He has
associated with himself bia soa, JOHN
EDWARD, and tho new firm will bs
ROBERT BRYCE & SON.
The undersigned beg leave to nail atten
iou to the above notice, and to 6tato that
they will be found near the old stand, cor?
ner of Main and Blanking streets, No. 1
Bryce's Range, where they will endeavor
tto give their best attention to such bi?3?
ness as moy be consigned to their car^j.
* ROBERT BRYCE & SON.
duly 15 ew?*
?T ? O O IO XJ O "V ?13.,
Auction and Commission Agent,
Corner of Plain a>vcl Assembly Sired*.
WILL give particular attention to the
disposal of Real Estate. Cotton,
Provision^ and General Merchandize.
Will attend to the ?.ale of Furniture, ?e.,
at any rert cf th- ci**/ that owners may