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By J. A. SELBY. . COLtJMBIA, S. C., FRIDAY MORNING, MAY 19, 1865. VOL. l.-NO. 43.
THE COLUMBIA PHONIX,
PUBLISHED DAILY. EXCEPT BU Xl'AT,
BY JULIAN A. SEL?Y.
TER MS- IN A1) VA NCR.
Six months, ----- $5
One month, - - - > - 1
One square, (tensities.) ?ne time, 60 ct3
S>uhsequont. insertions. - * 35 ctS
Special notices ten cents per line.
Universal Amnesty and Universal
The radical political faction, under
the lead of Chief Justice Chase and
the New England Jacobins have, been
. ior the last two months floundering
abo?it on the question of refutation of
the South, more especially in regard
Ko ne^io suffrage.. J-udge C'nase open?
ed the ball in a letter of instruction to
his Western followers, and then started
for tho rice fields of the South t?
address and consult with h's colored
friends." The Jacobins of Boston,
taking their cue from Chase, com?
menced their attacks upon tho Presi
.dent, spiced with threats of another
revolution and war, and followed by
laudations of the negroes of the South:
Like the Jacobins of Fiance, l h ev
paraded#tbemselves before the country
in high sounding phrases and glitter?
ing generalities in reference to hu?
manity. In this movement it took
both Senator Sumner and Wendell
Phillips to make one Robespierre,
while Senator Wilson became the
Danton of the faction.
AH manner of schemes wen* devised
by this Jacobin clique in and around
Faneuil Hall-including another civil
war-to frighten the President into
the immediate adoption of their plan
.of negro suffrage as a military neces?
sity. The radical politician? here and
elsewhere were at the same time plot?
ting and scheming for the samo object.
Tlie soldiers and veterans of our four
years' war defeated their movement;
in Ohio, while in this State tho loya
leaguers took up the same cause o
negro suffrage in their secret councils
The Tribune (their organ in this city
took all skies, both for and aga ?ns
imgri suffragt?; consented to our polity
of ev u fe rr in g*t he privilege of the elec
tive . franchise upon the.*negrot?s, wi tl
the restriction "f sufficient ?ducatif
to enable them to read and write: thei
again coining out for universal suffrage
.A.her adopting all sides ;ind angles o
the question, praising and denouncing
the President, Gr'eeley finally came on
in yesterday's Tribune Hat-footed i:
favor of the doctrioe of 'universa
am nest v and universal suffrage' as th
basis-of adjustment of the who!
We accept^t?at platform. We ar
in favor of .and advocate the doctrin
of universal amnesty and univers?
suffrage. Although we can seo n
reason whv Jeff. Davis should not b
tried, convicted and hung, just tis we
arajohn Brown, for inciting insnrret
tum, yet we are willing to let him g
/or the sake of harmony and the ad oj
tion of a general policy, unless Wet
dell Phillips can be hung with him o
the same gallows. But the different
between us and the Tribune and h
'loyal league negro suffrage agitators i
that wo prefer that the privilege of tl
elective franchise shall be confer?s
upon the negroes in a legal and co
stitutional way. We, therefore, pref
President Johnson's plan of arrivir
at it to that of the unconstitution
and revolutionary mode adopted I
the Jacobins and the Chase radical-,
wbich4.be Tribune is the organ. Tl
-qt^stion of suffrage has, from t
foundation Pf our Government, be
wisely left to the several States
<lecide and arrange iu'sfeccoruance wi
their respective interests. .
We can see no reason-even in t
light of recent events growing out
the rebellion - why New York
Massachusetts should possess tbi^rij:
-md at the same time deny it to l
people of Virginia or North Carob
Nor are '.ve able to seo why the poo
j of New York-where there ar? rjot j
enough blacks to affect the results of j
our elections one way or the other
should require that a negro, with all j
his advantages as a freeman, should be
worth two hundred and fifty dollars
before be can vote, and the people of |
Georgia-where the blacks, with their j
manacles, as slaves, but just removed, ?
J form at least one third of the popula- j
tion-should voto without any restrlc- *
This, as we understand it, is the po?
sition of President Johnson. Tie is
unquestionably in favor of conferring
the.right of suffrage upon the blacks
? ot the South, but he desiies'that, the
: people of the several Stales shall regu
I late thu affair and place around it such
[ restrictions and qualifications as will
j prevent its Eihuse, by those wlio are fo '
j exercise the right. We cordially sup
. port the President in this view of the
: subject, believing as, we do that it is
I the only policy which can, in safety to
j the country, be adopted. The ?haso
I radicals and the Now England Jaco?
bin?, on the other hand, threaten a
j new revolution and a social war of
I races, unless the President, under the
i plea of military necessity, confers by
j the wholesale the n?ht of tmffrage
! upon the emancipated slaves and ex
j cluoV? the white population of the
I S*mtb from nay voice in the matter.
J Put Greeley, in raising me banner
? of universal amnesty and universal
j suffrage, has manifested a deterroi
I nation to cut louse from the revolu
( tiona rv fanatics in New England jfnd
elsewhere. Ile has travelled a great
I way around to arrive at that decision.
-He Ii is, turned all manner of -anales to
j reach that point. Even his arguments
j in yesterday's Tribunt on the subject
! were CO mist)- that it would havo been
j impossible to have divined his meaning
; but fen- tho sentence in which be states
! the nuked proposition of amnesty and
j suffrage. Like all other advocates ol
I the rtght of negroes to vo(e, in de
i parting from the only legal aud consti
j tutional way of conferring the right he,
, loses and contradicts himself at everv
I st.rt^o of his arguments. Put now
I that Greeley has cu", louise from tly
j Jacobin clique and accepted, and he
I has on o ni or two occasions, our pro
i position to restrict the right of suffrage
! of the blacks to tim qualifications ol
I being able to read and write, let him
,j go a step farther, and advocate thc
policy of leaving .it to the people ol
the several States ?to regulate on that
basis, and we have no doubt but that
he will have tim President's co-opera
tion, both as to suffrage and universal
amnesty. As far as the elective fran?
chise is concerned, that restriction is
the same which Massachusetts requires
of all her vo s. both black and white
The drift of Air. Johnson's policy is
plainly towards universal suffrage as
well 'as universal amnesty; but whib
be desires that the former shail be ap?
proached gradually and regulated uv
tho people of the several States in f.
manner that will best assimilate tb?
varied interests of the two races tc
each other, he aho holds certair
classes under probation, by the excep?
tion in his proclamation, until the)
have bad time to repent, bury theil
^animosity for the Union, and the las
vestige of secession feeling is oblitera
ted. in view of the enormity of th<
crime of tho Southern people and tin
great revolution which the rebellion
politically, socially, and every othe
way, bas brought about in the South
ern States, both negro suffrage am
amnesty should be gradual, ?ind so re
stricted that it may not force upon u
greater dangers to the peace and pros
perity of that section, or new and un
thought of complications. This ts th
result which is contemplated by Pres
dent Johnson's clear, logical an
: practical policy of recognition. It i
. broad enough to admit a1' ie lovel
,| of the.UniojQ.-New Fbi rJerald.
i -.. -
J The town of Denton, MarylarrH, wr
I nearly destroyed by tire on tho 4th.
A Murfreesboro (Temi.) eorrespon- ?
dent of the Milwaukee Wisconsin
rolat.es ibo following: Among tho
former magnates and lalo leaders of
the rebellion who have returned to eat
their leek, is Cb a. Gideon J. Pillow.
I visited him last week at his mansion,
five miles from Columbia. The
splendid estate on whieji his mansion
is built is lease-] our, by the Glpvern
Mnent to ati enterprising Yankee. Tlie
family of the General have, however,
been allowed to use tho bouse and J
adjoining grounds. The pjaco is an
elegant one, bice some English conn
try seat. Afb . leaving the pike to ?
enter the carriage way upon the;
grounds. vou ride a considerable dis- '
tance through a most beautiful grove
and lawn before von get a glimpse of
the residence. Gen. Pillow greeted
us very affably, and is quite communi?
cative, indeed exceedingly talkative.
He appears about fifty years of ?>ge
had on tv gray coat, which I judged to
be bis uni.orm, stripped of its insignia
and gilt butt ms-nut by any means
' a man of imposing extetior, hut
j would, pass for an intelligent and
: genial farmer of the old school. The
, Genend expresses himself as utterly
1 subjugated, but 1 .should also judge by
j no means repentant! He talks in
j substance, iflnot in exact words, like
j this: 'Wc are conquered; von \ an
kees are our masters; we give it np;
wo are at your mercy; we only ask a
1 chance m.Hr. to get a living (br our
families, and we a>k it. as a favor; we
: have got through with tho tight, and
though the S ojh didn't make as good
a fight a? she could have* done, *till it
! is over row, and" we want peace.' I
asked him i''. considering us, as bc
said, as their ;nas!(*s, ho^ it woul ! be
. :n case of r- war with England or
France. PerLaps he would prefer to
change ma.-tev ? The'General he-sitat
i ed, but finally vabi that that would
. depend on the course taken by the
j Government witii their property. I
j concluded that the loyalty of thc CS-ene
! ral 'wouldn't do to* bet on' yet. The
j General savs^l.n isn't guilt}" of treason,
j Lie is williug lo be tried by a jury of
?our generals, cxceiir. that'Gen. ('tiri.is
! must not be on it. Ile couldn't tins;.
! 7" f ,~: .
,j T.NiuA.-In the English House ot
?Common.*, Sir _ Charles Wood bad
; made* the usual ^nancial statement
I with regard to Infm. Jl>showed that
there, was a continued general advance
I in prosperity from ono end of Ind ia to
I the other. Her nett revenues of tire
j several Presidencies for the year end?
ing April, 1861. amounted to ?35,
j 636.S0S,*rTd the charges to ?26,018,
' ."SS, leaving a surplus revenue ol
i ?9,61S,5lO, which surplus was nearly
; ail consumed in the payment of inter
! est, guarantied railway dividends, Sic.
'< Sir*Cbarles Wood detailed thc' assist
j ance afforded by Governtpent towards
! the cultivation of cotton, whieh, he
i said, had been attended with great sue
: cess. Indian capitalists were prepar?
ing to weave a description of cotton
goods that would not interfere vvi'Ji
English, manufacture?, but would su?
persede the wasteful-process of hand
loom weaving, and allow the person
so employed to engage in agricultural
RETURN OF mr. LATE SECRETARY
TREXHOLM TO KOUT PULASKI.-Geo
A. Trenhclm, Secretary of the Trea
sury under the late Confederate Gov
ernment, was remanded to Kort. Pulask
yesterday afternoon. Mr. Tretinoin
Was permitted to visit Hilton Head fo
an interview with Gen. Gillmore, ant
afterwards made a trip, to Charleston
Ho was under parole and went with
out a guard. 1 He* was returned t<
Fort Pulaski yesterday under charg?e
Lieut. W. N. Thomas, Assistant Pro
vost Mars'.ial of Hilton Head, by th
steamer Gen. Shepley, wbiv,h lei
Hilton Head at 10 o'clock yestercia
I j S ct va. ?<?>: ai,- Dm ly Herald, \ Uh.'
THK ATLANTIC TELEGRAPH.--The
London Times says that since the I
Great Eastern had been moved froiii*^
Sheerness to ihe Nore, all the final j
arrangements for her great undertaking j
had been puslfc-d forward, to the ut- I
most, and in a few days more she ;
would he reac:y to start, though it was ;
not probable that she would really? |
move to sea before the 9th or 10th of j
.lair. Tlie massive shore end of the ?
eable, twenty-five miks in length, was :
about to be sent to Valentia, and j
would bo submerged from a speeiai ?
steamer on the 10th of July, lt is;
said that absolute! v none nut connected ;
with the .business of laying the cable ,
will be allowed to go out on the ?.?ieat i
Kastern. ^ ?
Signals were being sent through the i
entire 2,500.miles of cable daily, and
those signala are said to show the in?
sulation and conductivity of the wire \
to be almost absolutely perfect* ev?u ?
in - an electrical sea's?. With the:
rough -instrument "a message of four j
words bad been sent ?n-.mgh the cabio
in a minute and a quarter, and the j
company belie vc their new instruments !
would more than double this rate of
signalling. The fh> share in the cora
puny had declined, to TS a 3 S pre?
Architect and Civil Engineer.
13ROFESSIONAL BUSINESS attended
. to in North and South Carolina,
i Office at Mis. II. Lyons' Garden. Culoul
hm. S O. -Inly 2o
I (Kornierly of Baltimore, Md., Kt? of
.Yo. 52 Il a? Street y<-w York.
I / t ROO?RIES. LIQUORS, P ISO V I ?
i yjn si? i.'.s, I>K\ GOODS, BOOTS,
j Shoes, Huts,Crockery, Ilnrdu-ittt:, L?r?t"uer,
I Petroleum, Oil and Lamps, Drugs, and a
I general assortment of Goods, at lowest
j wholesale prices.
COTTON. RICE. TOBACCO. ROSIN,
! ?to. purchased, sold -9a . commission or
' taken in ?xchan?e for coeds on favorable
! terms. (^-Jer.s respectfully solicited and
I alni advances on coi.signnieuts mncTe.
Messrs. Wilson, Gibson <fc Co., Rankers,
! New York.
i Thomas <fe Co., Bankers, Baltimore
! W. IT. Walters ? Co., Baltimore
I L. I). Crenshaw, Esq., Richmond.
! John Iii .-.ti on, his.}, W'mnsboro, S. C.
Asbury Coward, Esq., Yorkville. S. ('..
j Joseph Walker. Esq-.'Spartanburg, S. C.
M. L. Gearv, Esq., Attorney, L'<l_cei:.ld,
! S. C. * * July 'li 7
; Headquarters Military District cf
? . Charleston,
CHARLESTON. S. tl. Jut.? 17, 1SG5.
? GENERAL ORB EES NO. 74.
SO much of General Orders N?. 71.
current series, fr<|pi these IL ad ,'u.ir
ters. ns erects the Fifth Sub-District, is
j hereby annulled.
Tlie section of Wintry- comprising that
j District is hereby attached to^trn First
Sub District, thc whoh- to lie commanded
hy Brevet Bri-;. Gen. W. T. BENNE'IT
Headquarters at Charleston.
L5y coinninnd of "
Brevet Maj. Gen. JOHN P. HATCH.
LEONARD B. PERKY, Ass't Adj't Gen.
July 22' 2
Hea dq'rs 4th Sub-District, Military
District of Charleston, D. S .
CITY OF COLUMBIA, S. C..
Ja LY 17, 18u?.
GENERAL ORDERS NO. ll.
?N compliance with Gen.-raj OrJer? No
, 102. Headquarters Department of the
-"South, dated at, Hilton Head, ?. C., June
27, 186.">. the following officers an?! citizens
I aro announced ns the Boaid constituting
the Superior and Circuit Provost Courts of
thi* Itu!) District, and, for the [?resent, will
convene, their sessions at Columbia, S. C.:
2d Lieut GEORGE W. !DEN,J25th
Reg t O V. V. I., Provost Judge.
DANIEL P. McDONALF), Es.p, of Co?
lumbia, Associate Judge.
ANDREW G. BASKIN, Esq . of Colum?
bia, Associate Judge.
Will be presided over by one of the
Associate Judges, to ba designated by the
I Sab-DiatricL Commander. By order of
! * N. HAUGHTON,
j Lc. Co! 25th Reg't, O. V. V. J.. Cora'dg
IIKN WAI?OS, Lt. 9.5th Reg't O. V. V
' h. A A. Adj't, Gen. . J dy 1'.' 6
3E?. XJ. 0E?Ia.iXli]5?,
Receiving and Forwarding Agent,
OR'ANGEB?RG, S. C.
*Ju!y 21 ' b*
Headquarters Military District of
CHARLESTON S. G., Jut.? ll, 1SGG.
GENERAL ORDERS NO. Ti.
f fi MdE* fol towing lelegi am frosn.the War
JL Department is published for th?
information a^dgnidaoc-i vt" this command.
Reports in accordance therewith will he
rendered tn there. Headquarters imrno
diatciy, bv all conceded:
.* WAU DEP/ftvTM ENT,
ADJUTANT C?nNLr.Ai.'? OFFICE,
Washington. Jarre ?6, 180G.
Tclearivn to Dtpartmcni Commander*
Please causean immediate ?uvcstigation
as io tin: i'vpirjjiion of ecrvsce of all ui??
ii ii iletaened duty, ?a confinement, etc..
within your Department, that ali entitled
to iliselturgc may be turwai tied to tho
Chief, Mustering Officer of their respectivo
States, tor rv?nster?<.'ul. or fo be ujuerwisn
disposed of, a? required br existing orrlers.
Applications frota the'friends of thia das?
of persone, for their discbnv;*e, are being
constant! v received nt this D<>pn.rtugent.
SAMUEL BEECK, "
Assistant Adjutant General.
Officio SAMUEL BP.KCK, Ass't Adj't Gen.
Dy com Uland of
Brevet Maj. Gen. SOU'S P. HATCH
Lr N.osrr?tj; PERRY. Av,'t. Adj't Gen
Official- K HAINS -IKWCTT, 1st Lieut.
65th Masc, Vols. A-- A. A. C .
Ecadq'io jDcpaitment o[ tlie Scuth,
HILTON ii KAD. s. C. JULY 10,'ISC?.
GENERA L ORDERS NO. Il)
i'l^HE following cir?.dar. issued from t ha
j JL "Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen and
i Abnr.flon^d Land?," and ft] prove^l by the
j rion. Secretary id U ar. iu published ?for
the information of this cotnniand.* Its
! requirements will he rtr fly 00.11 formed to.
i Br RI: AU? OK REFCOBES, I F.EKDVE.? A?H>
I AB?NOONED I.-..IDS.
Washington, Juno 13, 1 S?5
j Circular No. 7.
In arco! ?ar> c with -v.-ti cr. v; of. the Act.
! ? f.C' ".ft'". s:> osiabiLIiinc this- Bureau which
1 provides f?>r Hie issue- ;"' provisions, cloth
i^ieii u' i fi 19t for tl e ii:-:s:ciii..'e and tem?
porary shell, r an.I su? ply o? destitute and
: suffering refugees and Ireedmen, tile Assist?
ant Commissioners of tins Hmv.-.n will at
onc#makccareful estimates of the amount-.;
j of provision's, dolidas-, ?re, as may le
j needed for the present quarter for the sup?
ply ol' such class of persons as may be
: wjjhin their respective departments, and
they will hereafter, quarterly, make like
1 e-tiniates. All estimates must be approved
; by the Commissioner ol thc Bureau prior
I to issue. ? '
Kations, fuel, transportation and quar
! revs have .been heretofore turp.ishe.l to
? teachers of refugees and freedmen, .md to
? other persons voluntarily laboring fer tho
! benefit, of* such persons, by certain com
; mandel's of departments, pods, ?rc, while
j others have refused t:; furnish the same.
. Th .re fi re,.in order t! at !!t< re may be uni
; formity of action and a clear understand -
I inc in *his matter, the following rubs will
be adopted; aad will take effect aul !ie in
; force on and after July I," IS >.">. to wit:
Kations will not be gratuitously ?s?uci
to teachers of refugees or frc'cdhien, or to
I otlier persons volnntarirVglahoriyg for the.
! benefit of such persons, Gut, such teachers
as aro authorized by th? Assistant Com
missioners of this Burea 1. while actually
on duty ?n their fields i l ?abor, may pur
I chase rations of the. Government under
precisely Mi 1? ?sarao rules which ripply to
1 i-ueh purchases '.viten made bj eotuui lecion -
! ed of.ieers of thc army. . .
Free transportation will be granted to
: such teachers on Government transports
' and military railroads only.
j Pubiic buildings, or buildings that may
i have been seized from disloyal owners, not
. required for military purposes, may be
i used for occupation for schools, teachers,
. soldiers' wives and refugees.
i . O.O. HOWARD, Maj. Gen.,
i Coro'r Burean'of Refugees, Freedmen, <?<jw
I Ar-prove.l: E. M. STANTON,
Secretary pf Wai.
, B v . om ?an ad ol' r
?Maj Gen. Q. A. . ?H.LM'ORE.
W. L. .Vf BURGEE. Ass t. Adj't fien.
Change . of Schedule os the Wil
SUMTER, JULY 10, 18'JS
ON and after Joly IO, trains will ruo .
tri weekly over thia road, as .follows:.
Leave Kingsville, every Tuesday, 'Thurs
j day and Saturday, at J 45 H. rp.., fer Pee
I Dee an<* art etatious on the Choraw and
i Darlington and.Ifortb-eastern Railroad
I passengers reaching Charleston 'same night.
! Return mg-Arrive ?t Kingsville every
I Moiiday, Wedheaday ajd Friday, ?t :J 42;
j p. :s: ?roc ay ?>: tho poini-s 3n3ioat?d
I abo v?. HiiNKY M5 D?ANJS,