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$1 a Month, in Advance. ''Let our just Censure attend the tmo Even*."-Shaksprare. Single Copies Five Cents
By J. A. SELBY. . COLtJMBIA, S. C., FRIDAY MORNING, MAY 19, 1865. VOL. l.-NO. 43.
THE COLUMBIA PHONIX,
rUlll.161ir.il DAILY, EXCEPT SUNDAY,
fi Y JULIAN A. SELBY.
TURMS-TA' AD V?XCE..
Six months, - - - $5
Oue mouth, .... 1
One square, (ten lines,) ene time, $1 00
Sub quent.insertions. . - t 7?
.Special notices ten cents.per line.
. Charleston-Past, Present and Future.
We take the following from the
New Orleans' Delta:
CHARLESTON, S.C.June 12,1865.
Northern men coming to the nit)' of
.Charleston seem surprised nt the con?
dition of things here in regard to busi?
ness. A.n idea seems to have prevailed
that tb?; fountains of Southern wealth,
were about to be re-opensd: that the
close of the war would Gnd the South
bare of goode, ljut teeming with money,
-and that those who -were the first to
bring dry goods aul notions would
the quickest return with cotton and
It is idle to speculate upon tho origin
of this fantasy, lt is evident that
these goods could be very con renient ly
spared out of Northern stocks, or they
would nott!have come here at this
yeaa??Sjy in tile face of such adverse
probabilities; ?but the wonder is thal
those who came with the goods should
not sooner have realized their true
?jirosper.ts. The people of Charleston
lived on the profits o? slave labor just
ns entirely as those ot Lowell live now
ou the profits of manufactures. The
annual crops of cot top ana rice sohl ?r
this market produced the great finn
out. of which every man, woman anc
child, white and black, in the whole
.community, received bis or ber mean:
of living for the ensuing year. Fur
thertnore, out o? this lund tin.* plan
tors and other residents in the ?nterin
purcfiHied such articles as they needed
paid till eosts of transportation, fee
and other expenses due in the city
and paid also their taxes ti? the St.aU
During the <7ar this state of thing
bas been very much modified. Mos
of those persons in Cisy circiim stance
who left the city for the army, r<
moved their families^ to the interio
either to plantations, small farmsj^
villages, where, latid being cbeap,^B
residence, has a few acres for a garoet
Here, wi.ii sn me means to Start witt
and .some good management, it is eas
for them to live, and they will nc
return to thc city until there is remi
ueralive employment, for the ma
members of the family. The san:
thing loay be* said of many retir*1
business men, who, being too old ft
the annvt.'?itd finding, thei- anrtti
income in Confederate money inad
<pja'e to the scale of prices ruling
tlio, city, migrated to the interio
They will not return until their hives
merits are resuscitated. Alter tl
removal of these two classes of tl
inhabitants, early in the war, the c
pernlitures of the Con ledi rate (iorer
merit" and the profits of blockat
running supported ibo population
the city, and it became ?llogether i
dependent of the interior. Thc
sources of support ufere lost when t
city was occupied by t?Ue United Stat
forces in February last., ane^sincc th
its people have been living. God kno
how. Whatever were their means
living, they surely had no means
being customers for such goods
those now coming here; besides, h
ing access to the first sales of block;
goods, they were, perhaps, bettor st
plied than most other populations
There was some trade fiore afc f
with tho negroes; cunning and slue
in small things, they bad boen hoi
jrirj their 'good money;' the fla
bonnets, bright ribbons and gay dfes
that came first, were much run uj
but the reservoir was not deep ?
. tho st ref m ?yjon ceased.
To mnk-> Charleston again a ci
m.ercial mart, oin; of two things n
! bo done. Either its export trade in
cotton and rice must be preserved, or
it njust become a point of importation
; and distribution for foreign and North?
ern, goods. Until one of these two
things appears probable of accomplish?
ment, there will be no reviyal here;
no amorjfit of enterprise can do more
than produce a counterfeit of vitality.
The prospect for a continuance in the
export of cotton and rice will depend
entirely' upon the results of the expe?
riments now making in tire matter of
free labor. I think, as a general rule,
fhose experiments will be honestly rind
faithfully tried in this ?State. Thc
planters, asa class, are better educated,
more intelligent, and moro apt in
applying new ideas; than elsewhere in
the South. They appear, too, to be
generally very well, satisfied with the
conduct and practical views of the
officers assigned in the various locali?
ties, to the immediate supervision of
'the freedmen. They have accepted
emancipation as ri fact evolved out. of
the war, and do not discuss its policy
OB rightfulness. They are, in many
ca?e*. extremely despondent as to the
results, and n<rain, others are sanguine
of as much success in planting under
ttie tiew system as under thc old.
There are two causes which now
threaten in their effects to seriously
embarrass, if not to entirely prevent
the' success of the exp .?.ri meut, espe
ci y MI some very promising cases.
Ot. of these is, that the officers al?
luded to above, as. having this matter
in charge, being Northern men, feel a
rmturaTdesire to get nut of this climate
before Summer fully sets in. The
moral effect'of their presence, in keep?
ing tim negroes satisfied, and stimula?
ting them to work faithfully, is abso?
lutely essential to the making of a
crop this year-for the most critical
period willi the crops is in August,
when labor is most irksome, and the
climate is especially deadly to tho
white man-yet two weeks1 neglect
then wilt entail great loss upon all
interested in the crop.
The other difficulty that T appre>
hend arises out ot the late proclama?
tion of the President, wherein the
privileges of the arnnesty are not
extended to any whose taxable pro
perty exceeds|^20,000 in value. Most
of tb elphin ters in this State, and
especially those who have entered with
most zeal into the effort to establish a
system, under which the agricultura
industry of the State could lie kept up
by means of the labor of the freedmen
are men of large properly, whose com
mand of capital and large lande?
possessions give them great advantage;
in conducting the experiment.
Now if this property is all to b<
throwr??to the courts, and not only
the landTbut the incoming crop'to ht
brought under the operation of th:
confiscation act, .liter, ol* course, tin
present, proprietors will withdraw a
once fruin all further connection will
the m*ter, and let the United State
military officers and thc freedmen ge
(ju as well as they can together. I
seems to me highly probalde That th
President "may have designed to extent
the amnesty hereafter to persons o
this class who may. in good f.iitl
devote themselves to this great worl
Such a. measure would be cmineiuh
simple and just, tor surely no mai
could give stronger assurances c
future loyalty than a slave ovj'.icr xvii
heartily' and in good tamper unde
takes the task of employing bis formt
slaves as frcadmeh for wages, an
assistip.g ,thein across, the slipper
tin'esliold of liberty.
Should the effect of emancipate
bo to crowd tho negroes into mulari
districts, the interior healthy distrie
of this State would offer great indue
ments to emigrants trom Europe ar
the North. The facilities for manufa
tures, hitherto unimproved, and
many cases barely recognized, are ve
great. The Savannah, Edisto, Sant<
and Peedeo rivers, witb their trihutari
coming do*vn from tho rooun'jipo
I frontier corner of the North-east, and
j branching out toward thc sea-fronUof
two hundred railes in extent, offer
advantages of water-power which, in .
regularity of supply and concentration
of locality, are unrivallefT in the South.
The soil is genial, and though, not
naturally as rich'ne the virgin lands of
the West, amply reward the intelligent
application of .fertilizers. Land :s
cheap and abundant; the climate
genial;-'the peuple refined. Internal
communication wa? well systematized,
convoient and cheap before the war,
and will he restored to thesj conditions
with reviving prosperity. JJT. M.*
The Future of South Carolina. -
"We have no fears for the future of
South Carolina. She is able, provided j
ordinary facilities are offered, to look !
after her own interests. We know j
very well what is needed to pince her
in a condition whereby s-lio shari- he i
regarded as one,of the truest States <>?
the Union. Allow her lo he rept?- !
sented by men who understand' her
social and political # condition, an 1-j
there will l>,i no ditiiculty in satisfying j
tlie thinking people ol' the country,
that she, in the future, will be all that j
could be required <*f any State."
. First, it must, lie understood that
South Carolina is as ready and willing
as any State of the Union t<> enter ?
into tlie bonds of a common Confede?
racy in which all the States shall be
represented. We will ndmij such was'
not her language a few mouths ago,
but now we are not dealing with the
]iast, but with trre present and f?e
future. It becomes us hy every con
sideration to b>ok to the prospective
welfare of not onlv our State hut all
the States, and who will venture to
assert that the welfare of SrSu;h Caro?
lina is not connected with ?lie pros?
perity of all the other States of thc
Union. We entreat parties, possibly
non-residents of the soi', who are
making visits to the North, to be care?
ful as to what opinions they offer in
reference to the stfhtimcu*-? <".f the
people of South Carolina. We. as a j
people, are prepared to receive the now .'
political status presentetl to us, and
persons going to the North and repre?
senting, that the State is wholly unfit
for the consideration of a bestowment
of civil authority, are doing us great
South Carolinians are not fools.
They admit, as do all sensible people
both North and South, that the war is
ended. They now ask that they may
be allowed to enjoy the rights of civil
government and the privilege of in?
dulging in their accustomed professions
and pursuits. They desire that facili?
ties sn ou ld be extended them of re?
pairing and rebuilding their shops and
warehouses, and that tlie regular chan
nels of trade should be opened. In
doing this thev pledge their fealty to |
the UnitetkStates Government. Wc j
have one request to make of our
friends of the North, and that is that
they will uot incite a w;ir of rares in
the South. At nrrsrnt the new system
ol labor is working harmoniously and
satisfactorily, and, in course of lune,
we doubt not that this state of aftVus i
will be greatly enhanced iii ?,beneficial j
point of view. W- repeat, '.'nat Sont;,
Carolinians ~\\\ noti he. backward in
looking after their own interests, pro?
vided they receive proper encourage?
ment.- Charleston Courier.
Sir Roderick Mtirehison has com?
municated to the papers intelligence
received from \ho Foreign Office, of.
the discovery by Mr. Darker, of an?
other great central Alocan feke,
whence the Nile issues, nurjRvhiclPrins
been named by Mr. Darker the Albert
Nyanza. The second great Nilotic
lake lies in North latitude 2 degrees,
17 minutes, and Sir. Roderick Murchi
son surmises that it is the Lula heard
of by Speke, and placed hypothetically
m.about its true position oo his n.ap,
but which he was preven.eb" from ex
Superior Provost Court, 4th Div'n?
Columbia, S. C.
'""pHE undersigned will practice in this
JL Court ^Residence in College Campus.
' JRlES D. TR ADE WELL.
July 24 TP . Attornoj- at Law.
PURKIT^?rSTOl?EWAKi? ~ &c.
IAM now prepared to.REPAIR, CLEAN
ami REV AK NISH all kinds of FURNI?
TURE I have Hotne fine and plain FUR
N ITU RE, a variety of STONEWARE, (at
pottery prices,) with a email lot of GRO?
CERIES and UN WARE, which I will sell
or barter at reasonable rates. Store and
shop at my burnt dwelling, first street
East of Mainstreet, near Nicxerson's and
Congarce Hotel*luins. A portion of thc"
trade of my friends and of the citizens
generally is sbl%ited. A. C. St?UIER.
July 22 _ _ _ _ f:j
Just Received and' for Sale by
Cst-, IVE. COFFIKT,
(Wurr of Sainte and Bull Streits,
Ladies" SHOES anti GLOVES,
HAIR BRUSHES and COMBS.
FA NS. sM ) N<; THREAD,
DROWN WINDSOR SOM",
G FUMAN ' '< ?LOGNE, ^
TURPENTINE SOAP, STARCH, Sim
A supjalv of TIN WARF, on hand.
July 22* 4"
NOW OPENf^C. AT
AUCTION ROOM, BEDELL'S ROW,
AND will be offered nt private sale for
. a lew <la\s only, a large ami assort eil'
stock of GOODS, consisting of :
Gent's Woolen anil Tinea SHIRTS,
SHIRT GOLLAUS, HALF HOSE,
Linen arm Silk Handkerchiefs,
Gloves, fine Felt. Hat*,
Toilet So,,j -, Combs,
Ladies' Hose, Corsets,"
Lat ge assortment Hoop Skirts;
Parasols, Ladies' Gaiters and Slippers,
Collars and Cuffs, and man}" other arti
eles. July 22 3*
Dissolution of Copartnership.
r I ^HK copartnership heretofore existing
JL between the subscriber?, under the
name, style and firm of KILLIAN &.
WING, ?8'this day dissolved by mutual
consent. F. W. WING, having purchased
the debts due to the concern and assumed
those dur Thy it. persons having demands
will present them to hjin, and persons in?
debted will make payment to him.
F. W. WING.
The sijb?cr?ber having purchased tho
interest of ELI KILLIAN in the above
linn, th? business will hereafter be con
ducted by him in his own name. He
respectfully solicits a share of public pa?
tronage. " r F. W. WING.
The subscriber takes pleasure in recom?
mending his late partner. Mr. F. W. Wing,
lo tho support, of the former patrons of"
Ihn lat?, firm of Killian <fc Wing, ano of
the public generally. ELI KILLIAN.
July 22 '" 14*
Architect and Civil Engineer.
1>RQFESS10NAL BUSINESS attended
to in North and South Carolina.
Dfiice at Mrs. H. Lyons'.Garden, Colnm
da. S (t. .Inly 20
W. H. EAUTERBY,
Receiving and "Forwarding Agent,
' CHARLESTON, S. C.
PROMPT attention given to ord ero for
the sale or purchase of COTTON or
PRODUCE of any "kind. .Lily 15 f?3*
Farmer's and Ex. Bank Charleston.
\ MEETING of the Directors of this
J-\. Bank will bp held at the office of the
President.' No. 34 Broad street, (up stair?,)
on THURSDAY, J^y 27, proximo. t>
A full meeting is earnestly requested, as
business, of much importance will bc
brought "before them.
President Fainter's and Exchange Bank.
Charleston, S. C., July ll, 1SC5.
July 15 fS
Auction and Commission Agent,
Corner of Plaina and Assembly Streets,
"ft A/I LL give particular attention to the
Tf disposal *of Real Eft*???, Cotton,
Provisions and General Merchandize.
Will attend ;o t.b< saleof "Fcroiture,?c..
at any ravt of the civ that owners mar
require. V <T"lv ' ^
TOWNSEND & NORTH
BEI* leave to inform their <<\r\ friend?
and patrons that they will ?hort.lv
have a sleek of BOOKS and STATIONE
RY, quite sufficient to supply all demands;
but. tor the preacnt, they will keep a
They arc now receiving and opening
Raper. Envelopes, Pen?, Pencils, Tinware,
Ink, Water Buckets, Blooms, Scissors,
Pocket Knives, Matches, Needles, Mustard,
extra fino Smoking and Chewing Tobacco,
Sega rs, Sweet Oil, assorted Jellies, Pickles.
Hyson Ten, Water Crackers, Butter?Bis
cuir, O infer Cnkos. Sugar and Flour. They
will endeavor, as far an possible, to Icep
such articles ns are needful until they can
get on their stock of Books. Storr nert
to J>fi,h irs. Joly 20 f
BOOTS, SHOES AND TRUMS !
WHOLESALE AND RETAIL
O JOCK REPLENISHED WEEKLY by
K J t he New York steamers. Purchases
are being made in Philadelphia, New York
and Boston, by Mr. Dunham, of the firm
of Dunham. Taft Si Co., ami will be sold at.
the old est:;' '?shod -land, 250 King street,
sign of the j C BOOT, nt very reasonable
prices; where ? he public and all his old
friends a: i invited to call and inspect for
themselves. T..M. BRISTOL,
Sign of thc Big Loot,
Bend of King street, Charleston, S. C.
July 13 f6
Headq'rs 4th Sub-District. Military
District of Charleston. D. S , *
CITY OF COLUMBIA, S. C..
JULY 17. I8u5.
GENERAL ORDERS NO. ll.
IN compliance with G-encrnl Orders Nb
102. Headquarter* Department of the
South."dated at Hilton Head,.S. C., June
27, ISG5, the'following officers and citizens
?ra announced ns IUK B?ard constituting
l,he Superior and Circuit Provost; Court* o?
l.his Sub-District, and, for the present,, will
con veno'their sessions at. Columbio, S. (' ?
'2d Lieut GEORGK W. I PEN, 25th
Retr*t O. V. V j.. Provost Judge
DANIEL P. McLON A LD, Eio., of Co?
lumbia, A ssociate Judge.
ANDREW G. BA.-KIN', Esq , of Colum?
bia, Associate.-Judge. ,
Wilt bc presided ov*r by one of the
Associate Judges, to ba designated by the
subdistrict Commander. By ordc.r of
N. II AU (ft ITO N, .
Lt. Col. 95th Itcg't O. V. V. b, Com'dg.
ions WAWOS, Lt. -25th Rcg't O.Y.Y.
!.. A. A. Adj t. ?.icn. - July Ly 6
(Formerly of Baltimore, Md., late o?
No. 62 Wall-Street, New York:
(> ROUERIES, LIQUORS, P ll O Y I -
UT SIONS, DEY GOODS, BOOTS,
idioes. Hats, Crock ?ry. Hard ware'. Leather,
.'etroleum, Oil and Lamps,. Dru us, arid a
general assortment of Good?, nt lowest
COTTON. RICE.. TOBACCO. E.0SIN,
fcc. purchased, sold on comoi'.ssion or
aken in exchange for goods on favorable
erms. Orflers respectfully solicited arel
ir.d?advances on consignment's made.
Messrs. vr.sor. Gibson.,J. Co., Bankers.
S'ew York. ,
Thomas Sc Co., Bankyrs, Baltimore
W. T. Walters &. Co., Baltimore.
L. D. Crens'naw, Esq., Richmond.
John Bratten. Ear) , Winnsboro, S. C.
Asbury (''?ward. Esq., Yorkviilb, S. C.
Joseph Walker*. Esq.. Sparenburg. S. C.
M L. Geary, Ksq.. Attorney. Edgefi?ld,
>. C. r _ July 22 7_
Ghange cf Schedule on the Wil
Imington and Manchester Railroad.
SUMTER, JULY 10, 1SC5.
ON and after July 1?, trains will run
tri-weekly over this road, ns follows:
Leave Kingsville every.Tuesday, Thurs?
day a rai Saturday, at 4 45 a. rn.Jpfor rfl?c
Dee arm all stations on the Cheraw and
Darlington an i North-eastern Railroad
passengers re&ching Charleston same nignt.
Returning-Arrive at Kings*?yjlrc every
Monday, Wednesday and Frida v, at 8 42
p. m., from any of the points indicated
above. HENRY M. DRAKE.
July 14 12 General Superintendent.
Brass~and" Copper Wanted
HSOLOMON <t CO- ?tili continue to
? rr.rchase BRASS and COPP ?R
Tb? highest market price will h? paid$
H. SOLOMON ? CO.. '
"W*~-t f."> of 4ss?cibly ?treft-,
Julv f> Imo . B*low Plr.ir..