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Wednesday Morning, Joly 26, 1365.
- Th? Morals ol Death.
"v* hat if freed tlie long campaign,
Marches in the wind and rain,
HaroJight and bitter weather!" *
The morals of death are so many me?
lancholy common-plaen.* The sad and 1
hourly* recurrence of our mournful expe?
rience of mortality, for six* thousand years,
has left to language no new forms of expres?
sion. We can only renew the old phrases
at each fresh experience of loss. We
. can only lament th St all our lamentations
are madlin vain; that we have lost with?
out recovery? that no wisdom may gnard
against loss; that no virtue, skill yr science
can barrio the silent and certain progress
of the inevitable Destroyer; and that we
all tend downwards,' in a certain progress,
along a stream that' hurries us, more or
less rapidly, io the gulf and precipicel It
matters nothing lo him who broods with
thought that the banks of thia stream are
beautiful with flower? and rich in fruits;
that we may pluck even as we pa9s, and
fill our mouths with sweets, while our
eyes drink in the loveliest pictures, on
either hand; that the flow of waters over
which wo glide is delicious-smooth,
though rapid; and that the birds sing
gaily io the trees overhead, as if to beguile
us on to the Fate thai crouches in waiting
for us below. If young and thoughtless,
we enjoy these . things; fruits, flowers,
smooth progress and joyous music; heed?
less to what they tend, or whither the
shining waters hurry us. ' And in the
eagerness of passion and the gay buoyancy
of youth, we call this life, and we say and
sing that life is happiness. Alad it is for?
bidden to thc wise and thoughtful-to
those seasoned by experience-to be so
heedless. We kn/>w better. We know
that life is not-hnppiness, nor meant to be
sa. We know that death is the essential
necessity of. life. .
The sufferer, in a long experience of
pain and privation tries in vain to escape
from thought, while memory sits in w?eds
beside him, and recalls for him, one by
one, the stars which have gone out in his
sky. We cannot help but think, and feel,
and fear, even while we drink, and smile,
and sing. The morals of vicissitude force
themselves upon us as we glid? along in
?ur^merrieit humor; and* "Passing away!"
is th? mournful- inscription written upon
leaf and flower, and star and sky. lt is
the sleepless ch aunt of the murmuring
waters, coursing headlong to that sea in
which they are to-be swallowed .up. It
forms thc sad burden even of the bird
song, that > seems meant to -beguile' us as
we go. He sines, and gaily sings, even
while the wirig of the hawk is spread, as a
pall, above him in the sky. None of ti?
can escape these lessons. They appeal to
all our senses; to our very fancies; to all
our instincts, which experience has con?
firmed, so that the sense of pleasure carries
within it a something of omen and pre?
sentiment. The melancholy ch aunt ic
rigging forever in onr ears from a thou
sand voices. The gloomy inscription
gleams out before our eyes, since they first
opened upon the light. The day and
night still come together. Death has no?
where .left himself without a memorial,
which old and young equally may read.
The very song of life is a chaunt bearing
testimonials of death. Without death,
there would be no life. "Passing awag?
is in the bella that ring at the bridal-ic
the touching and mystic requiem whicl
we maka at the burial. Begins with thi
birth, lives through all the consciousness
nor ia silenced at the grave. Yet hov
reluctantly do we receive or gather tl?
moral from either occasion. Come wbei
lie may, where he may, under what as
peet, Death is ever a surprise, ty ou
thoughtless hearts-Ile who* has mad
liimeelf familiar for so many thousan.
years, by every day's monitions to mac
How strange, yet how natura*], that tin
should be So; We believe-wc cannc
deny-yet we vioxtlaX not know. We shu
our eyes, our ears, to ?ll these monition!
We prefer that life shonld he enjoye
without the ever-present consciousness <
that dread shadow, blacker and mot
voracious than the raven, which is fiaall
?to swallow it up. We prefer, in ot
voyage-dbough down stream ever-t
pluck the fruits as wc go; regale oi
senses with the flowers; follow, with d<
light, the flash of the running water?, an
-vsrble ic fond chorus with the gay birt
that flit over, and sing for us sft ve glide
alonf. ?nd refuse to think of the gulf and '
th? preeipice. It ie natural-perhaps well
-thal it should be'so. It argues a faith
in life, .which is only another forth of
faith in God. We confide to Him, as little
children in a father, and this faith is id our
instinct, while w^ challenge Reason for it
in vain. Happy is he who can longest
oontinue in the enjoyment of the child life!
The Late Wm A. Latta.
Ve deeply regrst to have to record the
death of this most excellent man and
worthy citizen. He died prematurely
hardly more than City years of age-in
the midst of public and private employ?
ments of equal usefulness and honor. A
yeal ago, lie suffered from a slight attack
of paralysis; ey second and fatal attack
Carried him off, on the 7 th instant. Hopes
of bis recovery we're entertained, and hil
improvement seemed to be decided, until
the very day of his death, when he sank
"into a state of stupor, which, broken only
by a few lucid intervals, terminated finally
in death. The Stale has thus lost a moet
val-able citizen. Boru to wealth; Mr.
Lotta was not sparing in ita use. Ile wag
at onceMlistinguislied for public works and
acts of private benevolence. His home
was the seat of hospitality; his heaft was
ever open to his lrifends and to the ?laifea
of the sufferer. As a husband, father,
friend and citizen, his worth was unques?
tionable, andlliere were few limits to his
generosity, pf gun tie, amiable and sensi?
tive character, he was courteous, consider?
ate, kind always and solicitous of the good
and comfort of nil around him. To us
who kuow how completely he was idol?
ized by his family, how fondly he returnee
their affection and how welk he meritec
all of them, we can well understand how
complete nud crushing to them has beet
this unexpected blow. Singularly domes
tic in all lus habits-deriving most of hi
enjoyments from the innocent companion
ships of home-his family and friend
recognized fully the patriarchal nature o
h is attachments, and requited them wi?!
duteous service. Never did happy famil;
exhibit more lovely and loving relation
thau existed in that of William A. L*tt?
Passionately fond of music, u. patroa a
well as amateur of this exquisite art, h
had collected about him a choir of hi
own crea'tion^which added to the charn
of his household and furnished to a larg
circle of friends the means of daily an
nightly enjoyment, to which he ever we
corned them with eager sympathy. Grei
is tbe loss to friends and famil}-. One <
the most liberal, kind and courteous, i
well as the most hospitable *ind generot
of men, Mr. Latta was at the same tin
one pf the most modest,, and never saenn
tod conscious of any mtrit in hinisel
while gladly acknowledging and enco
raging the merit in all others. Were
proper, we could point to his numero,
benefactions in proof of his many virtu*
But we forbear. Enough that thc goo
gentle and honest man sleeps peaceab
with his father?. He will long be remei
bered with fond and loviog regard 1
the friends whom he al ways welcomed ai
honored, and by the lovely, and on
happy family, to whom his countenan
was so precious. We yield thia imperft
and inadequate tribute to his worth
grieved that we could neither stay 1
departure nor properly record bis virtn
With the establishment of the Pro
sional Government of the State of Soi
Carolina, it needs that our authorit
should be looking to an early renovati
of the city government of Columbia. 1
recommend lo the local authorities to t
themselves cn rapporte with his Kxc
lency as soon as possible. Much is
quired to be done, having regard to t
improvement of the city securities, t
restoration of its resources, the rebuildi
of its houses, the proper employment
its people. Something ahould be done
once for the saving of State property
and about tho capital. This alone wo
give emp*A>yment to manv.
ST. MICHAEL'S BELLS.- Should not
authorities of St. Michael's Church
Charleston, take early steps for the
animation of the noble bells ?f that nc
edifice, and- see what cao be done v.
them? An officer should be appointee
exauiine into their condition, and, wi
ever it be, secure them from the we?
and from farther barm. They are
valuable in themselves-tao interestin
historical memores-to be left to ruin
To tho Gre? Germen People.
Time hau? shown that German labor,
perseverance and skill-German customs,
morals, etc.-have brought oven ricket to
thousands of those who settled in thc
South, and competence to most. To day,
you find German settlements in South
Carolina which were founded a hundred"
years ago. German names familiarly come
to your ears, and German customs fami?
liarly surprise your eye at the entrance
int# many of these happy abodes; and
nearly all of these descendants of Germar.?
do well. They are proud to be called
"Dutch farmers." Their corn is the best
Their cotton' crops, even when small,
they are the heavieal to the acre. When
ten negroes (working hands) of the South?
ern or native planters worked 150 acres of
land, it is but. a siflfple truth to assert that
a German farmer, with five hands em?
ployed at Hie working season, will do the
same and achieve the otme results, and
more. The country is adapted for any
agricultural pursuits. Cotton, the great
staple of the South, growetb in abundance,
and under strict attention will make any
planter rich. One bale to an acre in bot?
tom landais common with negro labor.
One bale bringa, nt the rate of only ten
cents per lb., $10-400 lbs. to a bale.
Therefore, if au emigrant invests $15 per
neve, (a high Drice,) and clears it, counts
$15 for clearing, fencing and work for
the first crop, which will cover in full
and over all his expenses, he makes $10
per acre in the first year; and in the
second will have the capital outlay back,
in money, in bis possession. I
And as I speak now of farming for
market, I proceed from cotton to the
"sugar cane." If a German farmer can
grow rTch by the precarious cultivation of
the beet, (hinkle rube,) he certainly will
do better with the sugar cane, which is
cultivated here, ffhd every farmer is mak?
ing bis own supply of syrup and for sale.
A rude mill, a rude oven and boilers, will
be necessary to enable the farmer to con?
vert the juice of the cane into the most
delicious syrup, which, when onlwaold at
twenty five cents per gallon, will bring as
much per acre ns tl ve best cotton crop, and
I expect to see sugar plantations produce
much in South Carolina. Until now, ?nd
1 speak for the natives, no attempts worthy
of mention for making sugar imthis State,
have been heard of, but I have sr en sugar
granulating in barrels, where China cane
syrup was kept for ,one year, which is a
jiroof that it is adapted for .graanlat.iqp.
ri.? r?ii.in(r of ?-veet. and Irish potatoes
and garden vegetables in th? vicinity .
of towns, makes rich tho gardner. Ko
better country tor the cultivation of grass
or clover can be found. The botan
ist finds over forty diffe.eut grasses hero, ,
fit for the food of cattle, in the forests.
The many rivers, creek'3 ami rivulets
which irrigate the couutry show, in itself,
bow easy the best meadows can be made.
Until now, thousands and tens of thou?
sands of dollars were yearly paid to Con-'
necticut and other Northern bay-growers
for the needed supply. All this money
can be made South, and in a much more
easy manner and safer way than in a great
many other pursuits. Grass growetb here
in best quality, and, if properly culti\^tcJ,
will prove a source of wealth to the in?
dustrious farmer. I dwell more at length
on the cultivation of grasses, as this kind
of pursuit is but little known in this coun?
try-, and hence it wa? that the most of the
hay consumed here was imported from the
Korth.- In all this, my friends. I show
plainly how far less difficult it is to secure
prosperity in thia couutry than in the
over-filled and crowded land of our nat
tivity. _ HERRMANN.
Gov. PERK?'S PROCLAMATION.-"We are
glad to penceive that his Excellency Ben j.
F. Perry has accepted the appointment of
Provisional Governor of the State. His
proclamation1 appears in this day's paper,
and should be read with that attention
.vjhich the importance of our iuterests
It is with some natural satisfaction that
we refer to the fact that the Phcenix was
the first journal to urge the claims of
Gov. Perry to appointment,- the first to
announce his actua' appointment, and the
first to publish his proclamation.
To CHARLESTON, via FLORENCE
The Quicke.it and Cheapest Route!
rV-^?p*rfc BEING all thc way by rail,
. '^T^^S^geyeP' 25 ,rom Colum?
bia to Kingsville or Gadsden-between
which points a LINE of COMFORTABLE
VEHICLES connect closely with all trains,
viz: Leave. Columbia Mondays, Wednes?
days and Fridays, at 5 P. M., and connect
with the train next morning, which reaches
Charleston early the same evening. Tra?
vellers over this line can be accommodated
with any style vehicle they prefer-Open
Buggy, Top Buggy, Close Covered Ai Su
lance. Covered Wagon, Carriage, Pic-n J or
Pleasure Conch, or Saddle Horses. F^r
passage or chartering vehicles, npplv at
iJuly2t>4* . SHIVER HOUSE.
PAINTING ANT) GLAZING.
TJrlE subscriber is prepared to C*0N
.. TRACT FOR WORK itt the'above
line. JAS. BROWN.
Julv 25 3"* In rear of old stand.
AEVAXCE IX * Paidte.-In consequence of
th? high prices demanded for provisions,
?tc, w? ?re compelled to advance our |
rates of ?dveni??Dg to $1 o square for the
first and 76 cents eaoh subsequent inser?
Mrs il'igee will please accept onr
thanks for ?dargo .number of.newspapers
of late dates from Montreal, New York,
Philadelphia and Baltimore- Mr. 8. W.
Wright has also furnished us s 2iew York
Herald, of the 15th.
The virtuous operatives have not all
died out The robbing of ?hops continues.
Virtuous people cannot be expected to
endure everything. They must drink, and,
in order to drink, it is required that they,
should steal a little. It is highly com?
mendable that they ore moderate in their
appropriations. The thieves who broke
into the stores of Mr. Bedell and Mr.
Phillips, the other night, modestly fore
bore to take more than $250 worth of |
chattel?. They might have carried off as
many thousand?. Verily, if not rewarded
for the theft, they should ba for their
Alt HAIL.-We had a most excellent
shower, yesterday, with a few specimens
of well-made hail. Our remonstrances to
Phobus-\pollo were . not msde in vain.
Jupiter Pluvius, for once, provsd accessi?
ble to prayer, and our gardens are re?
lieved for the time, Our corn fields wil
'gather new life from the genial advent.
We are, briefly, under ? new reign. We
do not. however, find the atmosphere much
relieved for ourselves. The winds seem to
have got back to the old quarter, and the
sky is sultry; the air hangs thickly about
us; our breathing is still difficult; and it
will need louder and longer discharges of
the electric fluid for our enlivenment. We
shall have them, we trust, in spite of the
It will ba seen, by Governor Perry's
proclamation, that his headquarters are at
Greenville; to which place all communi?
cations, designed for his inspection, should
MEAL! MEAL! MEAL!
1THRESH CORN MEAL, for salo by P. P.
CUTTING, corner Upper and Assem?
bly streets. July 26 1*
Gr. _?L" jXTenffer,
Commission and Forwarding
CHARLESTON, S. C.
I"vM prepared to promptly forward all
Merchandize consigned to me, arriving
in this city from JXorthern and foreign
ports. Also. Consignment.-, by ; ail road, to
be forwarded to domestic or foreign pdrts.
Liberal cash advances made on all con
signnieuts of COTTON, RICE, Ac, to my
friends in New.York, Philadelphia and
Baltimore. G. A. NBUFFER.
ZW Mr. G?(JllGEnriT~WALTER, in
Orangeburg, S. C.-present terminus of the
South Carolina Railroad-will receive nnd
for ward all Merchandize consigned to him,
both ways. July 25 wf7'
Government Claims and Applica?
tion* for Pardon
THE subscriber lins made arrangements
with one of the most able and influ?
ential legal firms in Washington city, for
the?prosecution of Government claims and
applications for pardon.'
All applications for pardon under the
Amnesty Proclamation must first be lodged
with the Provisional Governor, and from
thence forwarded to Washington city for
final action hy the President. The inter?
vention of an attorney, both at this place
and Washington city, will greatly facili?
tate the transaction and completion of
.uch business. C. J. ELFORD,
Attorney at Law,
July 26 8 Greenville, S. C
All papers in the State copy three
times and send bills to C. J. E.
By the Provisional Governor of the
State of Sonth. Carolina -
A PRI??TTM?TTOII !
^l^7HEREAS His Excellently President
VT Johneon has issued his proclama?
tion, appointing me (Benjamin F. Perry)
Provisional Governor in and for the State
of South Carolina, with power to prescribe
such rules and? regulations as may be ne?
cessary and proper for convening* a Con
vention of the Stat?, composed ol dele
gates to be chosen by that portion of the
people of saicrState who are loyal to the
United States, for the purpose of altering
or amending the Constitution thereof; and
with authority to exercise within the
limits of'the State all the powers neces?
sary and proper to enable ?heh Ipyafipeo
pie to restore said State to its constitu
tionnl relations to the Federal Govern
ment, and to present suah a Republican
form.of Stat? Government as will entitle
the Stste to the guarantee of the United
States therefor, and its people to proteo
tiou by the United States against invasion,
insurrection and domestic violence:
Now, therefore, in obedience to the pro?
clamation of his Excellency Andrew John?
son. President of ?he United States, I,
BENJAMIN F. PERRY. Provisional Go?
vernor of the State of South Carolina, for
the purpose of organizing^ Provisional
Oovernraent in South Carolina, reforming
the State Constitution and restoring civil
authority in ?aid State, under the Consti?
tution and laws of the Uuited States, do>|
hereby proclaim and declare that all civil
officers in South Carolina, who wete ia
office whenj.be Civil Government of theJ|
State was'?spended, in May last, (excepi^
those arrested or under prosecution for J]
treason,) shall, on tuking the oath cf aile? 1
giance prescribed in the President's Am?
nesty Proclamation of the 29th day of 4
May, 1S65. resume the duties of their J
offices and continue to discharge them J
under the Provisional Government till .
further appointments are made.
And 1 do further proclaim, declare and;
make known, that it is the duty of alli
loyal citizens of the State of South Caro?
lina to promptly go forward anjfetake the
oath of allegiance to the Unwed States, '
before eome magistrate rfr militar}' officer
of the Federal Government, who may be
qualified for administering onthe; and such
are hereby outhonzed to give certified
copies thereof to the persons respectively
by whom they were made. And such
magistrales or officers are hereby required
to transmit the originals of such oaths, at
.s early a day as may* be convenient, to
the Department of Slate, in the city of
Washington. D. C.
And I do further proclaim, declare and
make known, that the Managers of Elec?
tions throughout the State ot South Caro?
lina will bold an election for members of
a State Convention, at their respective
precincta, on the FIR*T MONDAY IN
SEPTEMBER NEXT, according? to the
laws of South Carolina in force before tho
"secession of the Stute; and that each Elco
tion District in the State shall elect as
many members of the Convention as the .
said District has members of the Houso of
Representatives-the bas?3 of representa?
tion being population and taxation This
will give one hundred and twenty-four
members to the Convention-a number
sufficiently large to represent every por?
tion of the State most fully'.
Every loyal citizen who has taken the
Amnesty oath and not ?nthi? the excepted
classes in the President's Proclamation,
will be entitled to* vote, provided he was
a legal voter under the Constitution as it
stood prior to the secession of South
Carolina. And all jvho are within the
excepted classes must take the oath and
apply for a pardon, in order to entitle'
them to vole or become members of the
" The members- of the Convention thus
elected on the first Monday in September
next, are herebv required t?> convene in
the city of Columbia, on WEDNESDAY,
the 13th day of September, 1SG5, for "the
purpose of altering and amending ?be
present Constitution'of South Carol in wjpr"
remodelling and making a new one, which
will conform to the great changes which
have taken place in the Stale, and be
more in accordance vflth Republican prin?
ciples and equality of-representation.
And 1 do further proclaim and miike
known, that the Constitution and all laws
of force in South Carolina prior to tho
secession of the State* arc hereby made ot
force under the Provisional Government,
except wherein they; may eonllictu?th the
provisions of this proclamation. ?Bnd the
Judi!?-? and Chancellors of the Rate a>"e
hereby required to exercise all the pow^r?
and perform all the duties which apper?
tain to their respective offices, and* espe?
cially in criminal cases. lt will be
expected of the Federal military authori?
ties now in South Carolina, to lend their
authority to the civil officers of the Pro?
visional Government, for the purpose of
enforcing the Taws and preserving the
peace and good order of the State,
gi And I do further command and enjoin
all good and lawful citizens of the State
to unite in enforcing the laws nnd bring?
ing to justice all disorderly persons, all
plunderers, robbers and marauders, all
vagrants and idle persons who are wan?
dering about without employment or any
visible means of supporting themselves.
It is also expected that all former own?
ers of freed persons will be kind to them,
and not turn off the children or aged-to
perish; and the freed mea and women are
earnestly enjoined to make contracta, just
and fair, for remaining with their formel
In order to facilitate as much as possi?
ble the application for pardons under the
excepted sections of the President's Ana
nestry Proclamation, it is stated for infor?
mation that all applications must be by
petition, stating the exception, and accom?
panied with the oath prescribed. This
petition must be first approved by the
Provisional Governor, and then forwarded
to the President. The headquarters ot
the Provisional Governor wiil be at Green,
ville, where all communications to hire
mu.u be addressed.
The newspapere of this State will pub
lish til is proclamation till thc election foi
members of the Convention.
In testimony whereof, I have hered?te
set my hand and seal. Done at tin
[u B.l town of Greenville, tbis 20th ^aj
of July, in the year of our Lon
1865. and of the independence o
the United States the ninetieth.
B. F. PERRY.
By the Provisional Governor:
Wn.UA? H. PrmVi. Private Secretary
Jilly 2 G