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$1 a Month, in Advance. ''Let our just Censure attend the tmo Even*."-Shaksprare. Single Copies Five Cents
By J. A. SELBY. . COLtJMBIA, S. C., FRIDAY MORNING, MAY 19, 1865. VOL. l.-NO. 43.
THE COLUMBIA ?HONIX,
PUBLisit?to DAILY, EXCEPT SFN?AT,
-BY JULIAN A. SELBY.
TERMS-IX AD VANCE.
Six months, -. - . $5
One month, - ? - . 1
One square, (ton lines,) oce time, SI 00
Subsequent insertions. - 75
Special notices ten cents per line.
Tba Failure of Gen. Lee.
Thu caprice of fortune and the un?
certainty of war have boen signally
illustrated in the?l?t of Gen..Lee. We
Cannot but discredit tho ruiuor that it
ii intended to indict bim for high
. treason, but fate bus visited bim hardly
enough already.* For him alone, the
mo.-t consummate of ?ll commanders in
America, was reserved a destiny
which Iiis own lieutenants and bis
ofc defeated rivals were permitted ?.o
escape. Ile -alone lost a decisive
battle, lie alon? suffered tm absolute
?ind irremediable disaster. Never
before,* iu the whole history of the
? war, was a victory followed up. a rout
.made complete, <>r un anny, compelled
to surrender. Never before wns a
generaliu-ehief taken prisoner in the
fi^ld by another g?oeral-in-cliiel; never
was a campaign concluJed by capitu?
lation and submission. Ti?e braggarts
and blunderers who at thc beginning
of the war cost their countrymen so
dearly, still evaded this extremity of
"disa-tor, and were always enabled to
report their armies as '??fe.' Lee him
Silt', alter one of his most, brilliant
victories,- iifiiiented the invariable
absence of lesuits, an<l complained that
be coul l never capture n dividion ur
even a brigale of tho vanquished ene?
my. These trophies it was- ins fate
i?6tto win for himself, but t6 couti ?bute
to other-;. The war was nt last con?
cluded,?nd the cause lost by the very
commander who hud done moro than
all the rest to promote and sustain
them. Yet all this clnl in reality, but
speak tor bis extraordinary ability, lie
Suffered the final defeat simply because
lie was the hist to be beaten. .
His lieutenants e?capeJ because ho.
was unconquered. Euly wns gradual
Iv driven out of the Shenandoah Var1
ley by Sheridan, - but be bad Rich?
mond open to iiim iu h s rear. John?
ston'was driven across the Carolinas,
but he held his forces together with
the assurance that tin-re was Rich?
mond to retire Huon. Lee, however,
the suppoit. and :tuy of all -the rest,
had only his own army aid bis own
position, and icnud that army ami
position thc ar:uie-> of on? adversary
alter another steadily closed When?
ever ^divisional commander retro > ted
before a Federal lurer-, that fine
became disengaged fur the combined
campaign against Lee. He held Rich?
mond so long that at last there was
pothing els# I eft for the enemy to
take. The Capitals of Georgia and
South Carolina, though far in his
rear, hail been taken already, and
although lie still guarded tho frontier
of the Confederacy, the interior bad
been penetrated and occupied behind
him. -North and South, Fast ami
West, the .foe gradually encompassed
him, and for months the end was at
hand. That ibis end, for him. should
bi not only defeat, but prosecution, ii
. t >o strange cn event to be tfeliffVed
Twelve months ago there was not at
American of the North but wo.uk
have enthusiastically hailed hts acc?s
sion to the command of all the annie
of the Republic.
lt is obvious, however, that th
abruptness of the end, combined witl
the terribly crime by which it wa
signalized, has affected the America
G ;vernrneot. Not only is a new an
moro uncompromising President at th
head of the State, but the State itse
is under the influence of natur;
pa-sion. Peace came at last wit
an absolute shook, and the collapse >
the South v asse . ud<>u and compte
that it removed all immediate neces
sity of conciliation or compromise
Let the North do what they, will, the
South for the present can fight no
more. The stories (rom Arkansas and
lexas are apocryphal, and iudeed, wo
know that no organized force-, from
these parts could bo brought effectual
ly u~pdn the scene of war, eren when
the Mississippi was in tho hands of
the Confederates. The North, in
short, is so^ absolutely master of the
field that President Johnson is exempt
ed (rom many of the eottsiderations
which President Lincoln but a lew
months since'would have been com?
pelled to entertain. Yet it must be
acknowledged that as regards foreign
nations his policy has been unexcep?
tionable, and that tito plain interests o?
the future may gradually prevail with
him in his internal administration over
theoretical conceptions of allegiance
The whole course of this civil war
has befen unique*in its character. The
Confederate leaders ?lid more than any
insurgent chief have ever done, and,
ended with less to show for it. Their's
was no 'Provisional' Government,
organized in secrecy ned maintained
at hazard. For four years they claim?
ed place openly, and not unreason
ably, among the States of thc world.
If the Confederate Government was
not recognized in diplomatic, form, it
obtained, at any rate, every other kind
ot acknowledgment, lt was known
an the exchanges of Europe, and
contracted )o:ms on no unfavorable
'."nus. It found its way into our
Year Books and geographies, and
jecame for its brief term of existence
i getiuiue political reality. Posterity
uny curri even to* tito respectable
dimanche de Gotha, and learn who
vere-the Southern officers af State in
iieyear, 1SG4. Great English statesmen
recognized the creation of a ne w natron,
tr.d yet of that nation lhere romains
e* now than usually survives even thc
most hopeless insurrection. Six weeks
sufficed to convert secession from a
nighty revolution into a treasonable
..rime.-London Times, June 7.
NEW YORK. MILLIONAIRES.-Wm.
?>. Astor is sixty-five years old; worth
nillions; a rotund-faced, pleasant, quiet
nannered gentleman ,ou oe cloudy
>ide of sixty; owns two thousand
Iwellin^s, is a lenient landlord.
A. T. Stewart, thin, nervous, digni
ied; worth thirty millions, aud liberal
:i e-tsos of benevolence which appeal
o his sympathies..
Commodore Vanderbilt is white
laired, red cheeked, seventy, worth
bi ty. millions, drives a fast horse
:i-eps :i Inst boat, controls two f.isi
ail road companies with .fast men, and
jives away his money very lavishly.
August Delmont, twenty millions
soarse, stout, fifty, and very German
George Opdyke, five millions, fifi j
mt looks younger; sui agreeable gen
Jauie3 Gor"on Bennett, five mil
tons, seventy-three years old, dignifies
n manner, broad SooUih accent, bene
.olent to the poor.
Tho war in New Zealand goes o
villi increased ferocity. Gen. Came
on, the British Commander-in-Chie
icling on the defensive. The last fea
>f the Maroi rebels was to eat, a
English missionary who they had ca?
med. The Marois were not wholl
mkind, however, they allowed tb
nissionary to say his prayers, and the
.at him to the last morsel, beginnin
vith his eyes and brains. It is stale*
n palliation of tho seeming atrocity i
his mode of disposing of a prisoner
war, that the missionary had been
The Armstrong gun, for the inve
lion of which, tho inventor receivt
he honors of knighthood, to s;
nothing of more solid compensatio
is said to be a disappointment to t
j Munchausen Rediviv?cs.
i . To the givat student or history the
I fact is patent that Union Frederick.
Hiertuymus Munchausen died peace?
fully in his :>ed, at Bpd:nwe?, in llan?
over, after Us marvelous fictions had |
rendered Iii- name famous lo all attel?
ages. History also vouches for the \
fact that tie aforesaid- Munchausen !
died without issue in ei;.h?r branch.
But history often errs, and it is po-?- j
sihle that tr.e individual who reported j
the fire at Barnum's for the Tribune, I
in yesteday'a edition, caa claim, with
honor to h;rr>elf, ifnot to Munchausen,
lineal descctii front the greatest liar of
modern lime;. Wc ar.: informed bv
this credible personage that tho* '?io-.s 1
in the Musturn paced hurriedly up
and down, moaning dismally.' Ile
also observed thrungli a window,
into which ?io directed his visual
egans, *;i large cage containing a lion
aud lioness.1 Here are a few -more
apocrypha! passages from the same
'.Tho polar lear hud shrunk to the
coolest corner, with half his fur burnt
/rom his snowy coat, and there sat
wonderingly gazing upon tho scene
heure him. Accustomed, as lie had
been, lo deal w th . ti 1 y the walrus and
the seul in the cadd blue waters of^the
Arctic regio-'-., ho was evidently co:.
siderably alarmed at the excessively
torrid scene, which was blazt: g
through tho room, tinder the cr
ctmiMances he found it bupoj-.ib'c io
take it c.n..;!y.
*. With a simultaneous bound the lion
and his mate sprang against their bar-,
winch gave way an ! came down with
a great crash, releasing .the beasts,
which for a ??jotn -ut. apparently
amazed at Jneir sudden i?b?r?y, ?tood
in the middle of the floor lashing their
side? wita their talK and roaiiu^dole?
"Meanwhile the lion and th? tiger
were continuing?, their c.ons-.-r, now
with the advantage on one' .-?de, now
cm the other; and the boa was slowly
lightening his fatal coils round tie
priming body of tba lioness, which,
however, bit and struggled, lacerating
the striped skiti of its adversary ter?
ribly. The floor was >?]ready crimson
with their blood, while the commin?
gling hi-ses, howls, veils and roars
utterly surpassed all efforts at descrip
Ttii? kind of thiog is styled hy the
Tribune as 'Our Reporter's Vision of
Lite and ib-ati .' In order to vi'W fhe
lituation in he Museum, '.hu .Tribune
reportei s' . ?ned hims. If at a window
:i Ann street, win.-rc. as h? states, lie
was 'conti lent of- finding items in
ibu nuance.' Well, the said items
were loan !, and h-und with a v.-ngc
..nee. Ferdinand M md-Z Tinto,
whom Pope has immortal zed ;ij the
greatest liar of history, coi.ld not have,
jone bet ter. Accord.ag io Mr. Hand,
.he manager of ibo museum, there was
leitber lions, lionesses or tigArs in the
Museum at the tune of it.s destruction
>y fire. The Tribune- man also rtat.es
?hat he Iftard the dying groans of one
>f the aforesaid beasts 'at a distance of
lalfamile.' He had a slight advan
age in his oracular organs over the
litv thousand spectators of the fire.
But, then, what of thaT? the beasts bad
o be dune in as dramatic a manner ?a
possible. Perish truth-the circula
.ion of tho Tribune must not diminish
or want o? healthy mental pabulum.
I New York World.
A N ? : w !.i N K o F ST K A M K KS.-The
Herald's Charleston corresponden I
?ays a company has been formed ir
that city, and a large amount subsoiib
ed by Northern and Southern capt
Lalists for thc establishment of anothei
direct lino of, fast steamers betweet
New Yolk ami Charle ton.
W. P. Powell, a colored rc an, ht
been appointed ">u,... y Puhlic? by tb
Governor ol' New York and hr.
take thc oath cf officn. ila h lb
first colored m?n.*who h;:s occupie
such a position io New \ork city.
Hon. Pierre So?le has opened a law
office in llie city of Mexico. So much
for iii3 possession of* the French and
Spanish Lnguages. While our youno;
professional men are now generally
idle, thf?y cannot do better than oxer
eise themselves over Olleodcff in
acquisition of the Continental lan- !
guage*. The French is tho gr?a* j
world's conversation language. Very j
noon the German and Spunish will be ?
absolutely necessary to tvery lawyer
in tiie Southern States-the former I
especially. If not absolutely neces?
sary hore, they are both, valuable capi
tal for the-professional man who shall
?eek his fortunes in contiguous lands.
Governor Bramlette, of Kentucky, ?
bas delivered au address in Louisville 1
in advocacy of the constitutional
amendment to abolir!) and prohibit
slavery, and illustrative of the nd- j
vantage of free over ?lave labor. He j
admonished bia hearers that the pro- j
gress of events had practically destroy- j
ed the institution of slavery, and j
urged them to thko measures im- '
mediately for ?ts abolition iu Ken?
A severe storm on Sunday, the 10th,
caused immense freshets in New
Jersey and Pennsylvania. On the
Raritan and Schuylkill Rivers fields ?
were flooded, bridges injured and car
ried away, houses and barns nearly ?
submerged, und much prorerty wholly j
destroyed. On the New .jersey I
Central Railroad a bridge was under- j
mined and a freight train waa oonse- '
quently turned over, with all ito freight. |
Many animals were drowned.
Commander* W Federal cavalry
marching through Texas have giveo
orders to prevent all trespasses upon
private property, and to stop strag?
gling. Tho Central Texas Railroad is
in a fair way toward completion, much
to the gratification of ibo Federal "sol?
diers. Jay hawkers and thieves are
doing much mischief in thc interior of
One of the largest banking houses
in ti e United States ii in the Ba'den
Baden of America (Saratoga.) It is!
ctiled the Faro Bank. John Morris?
sey (of Heenan notoriety) is President.
Ten thousand dollars may be staked
(and lost) on a car l. Ladies get gen?
tlemen to play for them, says the cor- |
respondent of tho World.
It. is said there are persons who live
at the Fifth Avenue Hotel, Now York,
keep their carriages, and 'nave a b<?x
at the oppra, and ye* only return an
income of ?600. This is jocosely ac?
counted for hy the fact that every man
lias ;? ri_-hr. to deduct, his house rent
from his income, and by the supposi?
tion lb.it each one of these person*
?li? iucts tho rental ot the Fifth Avenue
Burglars aro busy in Charleston,
robbing sholls, houses and wagons.
Vet tho general tone of thd pros- in
that city is very encouraging. A fine
Irado is anticipated this winter, and
when this is the case,-public morals
may well be permitted to tako ca:e
Thc kNew York Post coolly admits
that, now that the negro ha3 been
made a freedman, the probability is
that he will undergo the fate of the
red man. It needs no ghost of Ham?
let to confirm this anticipation.
PAINTING AND GLAZING.
'""I'MIK subscriber is prepared to CON
JL TRACT FUR WORK in the above
line. .IAS. BROWN,
.luly 25 ?* In rear of old stand.
t CASE SUPERIOR LONGCLOTHS.
ll " French MOURNING MUSLINS
Marked at VbllY LOW PRICES
Z:3ALY, SCOTT & BR?NS.
July 25 3
Government Claims and Applica?
tions for Pardon
THE subset ?ber has made arrangements
with one of the most able and inflo,
etitial legal finns in Washington etty, for
the prosecution of Govei nmt>ut claim* and
applications for purdon.
Ali applications for pardon under th?
Amnesty Proclamation must first be lodged
with the Provisional Govem?f, and from
i henee forwarded to Wnshii.??tun city for
final action by the Pressent. The inter?
vention of nu attorney, hr.th at this (dat*
and Washington city, will greatly facilr
tuUi the transaction and completion of
?suoh.'bush.vSj. C. J- ELFORD.
Jn'y SIC S ' Greenville, S. C.
1??~ Ail napers in the'State copy th rae
titties hn.l eVnd hills t.. C. J. E.
Dissolution of Copartnership.
THE copartnership heretofore existing
between the subscribers, under tho
nitrne, style end firm of KILLIAN ?,
WING, is thia day dissolved by mvual
consent. F. W. WING, having purchased
the debts due to the concern and assumed
tillie due by it. persons having demands
will present them to him, aoit persons in?
debted will Qjuke payment to him.
_F W. WING.
The subscriber having puichased the
interest of ELI KILLIAN in Hie aheva
firm, th? business will hereafter be con
ducted by him in his own nani'-. He
respectfully solicits a share of public pa?
tronage. '_ F. W. WING.
The subscriber takes pleasure in reci-ra
mending his late partner, Mr. F. W. W;ng.^
to thc support of tlie former patrons of
the late firm of Killian i Win),', and of
the public generally. ELI KILLIAN.
July 21 _U*
TOWNSEND & NORTH
BEG leave tw inform their old friends
and patrons tiiat Uiey will shortly
have a stuck of BOOKS lind STATIONE?
RY, c>.ute sufficient to supply ali demands;
but. tur the present, '.hey wili keep a
I v..: iety stoi c.
! They are now receiving and ,s:??ni?;<;
Paper. Envelopes, Pens, Pete i is. Ti ti wari.
Ink, Water Buckcs, D'o .' ?>.-, ScVn rs.
Pocket [viiives. Matches, Needles, Musial j,
extra tine ?rooking ano Chewing T< hueco,
Sejjara, Sweet Oil, assorted Jellies, Picklea.
Hyson Ten, Water Craekei-, Butter Bis?
cuit, Ginger Cakes, Sug~.r and Fleur x' ..
will endeavor, as far ?is possible, to keep
such articles as are ncedtul.uutii thsj. eau
get on their atoefc. of Books. Store rk?xt
to-BcdelVs. _ - July 20 y
(Formerly of Baltimore, Md., late ot
Al?. ?? Wail Sircat, Xtw York.
ft? ly A b Jd ?t0SZ? &?&XJ?23?
/ i R?C2RIES. LIQUORS, F RO VI
UT SIGNS, DRY UOUhs, BOOTS.
Shoes, lia's,Crockry, Hardware, Leather,
Petroleum, Oil and Lamps, Drugs, and a
general assortment of Good?, at lowest
CoiTuN. RICE. TOBACCO, ROSIN.
?c., purchased, sold on commission 01
taken in ?xchange for pojda on favorable
terms. Oidcis respectfully sol.?.'.'.eil RLJ
and advances on consignments made.
Messrs. Wilson, Gibson <? Co., Bankers,
1 homos it Co., Bnnkera, Bulimors
VV. T. Walters -? Co . Baltimore.
L. D. Cr. ushaw. Esq.. Richmond.
John Bratton, Esq , Winnsboro. S. C.
Ashury Coward. Esq., Yorkviile", S. C.
Joseph Walker. Esq., Spartanburg, C.
M L. Geary, Lsq., Attorney, Ed?r?eld,
rf. C. _ J_Jilly 22 7
Change of Schedule on thc Wil
fiiiington and Manchester Railroad.
mm em sm
SUM TER, JULY 10, 1S?5.
ON and after July 10, traits will .-un
tri weekly over this road, ns follows:
Leave Kingsville every Tuesday, Thura
day and Saturday, at 4-15 a. m., tor Pee
Dee and all stations on the Cheraw and
Darlingup and North-eastern Railroad
passengers reaching Charleston same n ij;!it.
Returning.-An\ve ni Kingsville every
Monday, Wednesday and Friday, at S 42
p. m., from any ?>f th.- pointe indioated
.above. HENRY M. DR?NE",
*July 14 12 General Superintendent.
Brass and Copper Wanted,
HSOLOMON <v t/O. stilt continue to
. purchase BRASS and COPPER.,
TU? highest market pi ce will be paid.
il rOLOVOV .v ? 0 .
W st d ' - if Assembiv steed?.