$1 a Month, in Advance. ''Let our just Censure attend the tmo Even*."-Shaksprare. Single Copies Five Cents
By J. A. SELBY. . COLtJMBIA, S. C., FRIDAY MORNING, MAY 19, 1865. VOL. l.-NO. 43.
THE COLt&MBIA PHOWIX,
t'UKLi-ytKD DAILY, EXCEIT SI;NI>AY,
[BV JULIAN A. SELBY.
One sq':av", (ten Inn-*,* one time, ?1 <~>0
Subsequent insertions. - ??
Special notice." ten cents per line. j
The Macon Telegraph, of the 13th
inst., says: j
Capt. Nunan, 3d?hio cavalry, oom
mander ot the post at Milledgeville,
publishes some very sensible rules for
the guidance of freedmen an deform er
masters, in that^ection, which an? to
remain in tories until further orders
ar? received from headquarter.'--. Be?
cause they are practical, in the
absence of the controlling power of
the freedmen's bureau, we copy llieui,
1st, Tho former masters%? freedmen j
must not allow any vagrancy ou their
plantation, all that can work must be i
set tu work, and if they fail to* do it
the punishment will be severe.
2d, Freedmen going ?rom one plan?
tation to another on a visit, aro re?
quired to have, permission from the
proper authorities to go on the pro?
mises where they intend to visit before
they Can enter.
3d, All freedman in the city ffrid j
vicinity will immediately get passes j
showing where t li ey belong,, and ??a!! I
conting to this post on business arc j
required to have a pass from their j
former masters, otherwise they will be j
"4th, Freedmen that-will n?u any j
disrespectful language to their former j
masters, ?fbi those that will not obey j
what proper orders are given them,
kv ill be severely punished. . I
5 !:, The practice of stealing niel j
kiliing stock br freedmen has been j
rory 1 xtensive on tiie plantations, and j
ia order than lins may be put A slop
L-j imrnedi.itciv, all employees of freed !
men, will have a daily inspection ot j
the freedmen's cabins, and il anything j
is found in them that does -not pro
perly belong to them, it will be report- \
.d at, this post fur further examination. !
bib. A certain class of citizens in j
this citv make it a practice of trading!,
with freedmen from the country, !
whicit encourages the freed .nen to ^
steal and plunder from hts former
master; the following rule will be ob
served before the purchase is made J
a?th. Freedmen peddler.} are required !
to have* a. paper from thoir former
master, showing 'they have proper j
authority lo seP thu articles that are j
enumerated on the papers, atl? all j
freedmen not having the written au- j
thority to sell, will be immediately
arrested hy the civil marshal or mili- ]
tary authority. Any (reedman or j
white -person harboring or feeding
freedmen that run away from their i
former masters, will be immediately '
punished by tbe military authority. j
THE ESD OF THE WORLD.-This is 1
what the London Spectator says of"]
the end of the world: 'Almost all
European writer?, whatever their sub?
ject, po!it cs or society, now tacitly
assume that the human race ts to pro
gress forover, or to tinte their latent
idea more strtctlv, is to advance
s&eadilv foran indefinite period towards
a nobler life and a higher civilization.
T e idea of a fixed term of history,
which so greatly influenced thc midd]?
ages, has utterly disappeared, the semi
religious belief of cataclysm to ?>ccur
at a distant but visible, date, though
still entertained, has ceased to be pro?
fessed by anybody l ut Di. Cumming,
and does not influence him. The
reverie of the politician is no longer
absent from the great minds of the
first four centuries-but of a coming
milleoinm, when all mankind sh ill
be hilled, and the motive force of the
European, -.ind subtle brow of 'lie.
;Vrab, and the deft hand of t?,.> Mon?
gol shall :J1 be employed together in
making earth more lovely and ni^rc
cocver??ertt for i'5 rcopic.
WASHINGTON-, July 16, 1S65.-On
the publication of the statement in the
Tribune n few days ago, that the Sec?
retary of War bad interfered'with the
attendance of Mrs. Stirrat t's spiritual
I adviser, the New Yorkt-Time* and an
i obscure Philadelphia journal tonk oc
> casioh, without any knowledge of
?ICU,' to denounce it as a malicious
j fabrication. The subjoined statement
! was obtained from the very best au
thor i ty, and neither the Times or thc
Secretary of War dare dery it.
OM Thursday morning, the Gili in.st.,
the Rev. Father Walter, pastor of St.
Patrick's Chnrch/in thi?> city, went to
the War Office to ask for a pass to
visit Mrs. S'irratt, ignorant of the fact
that sho had already been condemned
fortifier death cn the following day.
He had never previously visited M's.
S., m;r diJ he know- her except by re?
putation. Ou application, he was
informed by Gen. Hardie, A. A. G. to
Secretary Stanton, that he could tint
give bini a pass without first consult?
ing Mr. Stanton, who "was out at the
time. Father Walter returned homo,
and at I o'clock p. m. on the same
day received a pass to visit the prison,
signed, by order of the Secretary ol
War, Gen. Hardie, A. A. tv.
The messenger who brought the
pass to Father Walter, being tm in?
telligent Irishman. Father W. entered
into conversation with him on the
subject of the execution, fiinilv assert?
ing his belief in Mrs. Surralt's. inno?
cence. In half or perhaps au hour
afterward, (.Jen: Hardie himself called
at the' residence of Father Waller,
ami after some irrelevant conversation,
said: ''Father Walter, you made quite
an impression on the'mind of my mes
senger in regard to th" execution ol
Mrs. S irran,' tn which Father W. rc
mai ked that be was firmly impressed
wi.th ber . entire i:inocet*ne. Gen.
HaVdie then said: 'Father Walter, the
pass you have will not admit yon to
the military prison to-morrow, because
it is no*, signed by the Secretary of
War. I want you to make me a
promise to say nothing of Mrs. "Sur
ratt's innocent!*, and-1 will give yon
the necessary pass.'
Father Walter, naturally indignant
immediately refused lo accede to Gen,
I L's demand, giving him to under?
stand, in th?: plainest, kind of language,
thdt no official, civil or military, eoulJ
enforce hts silence on this point; ?nd
remarking that ho- knew under whose
authority he ((jen. II.) .was acting
Gen. Hardie-a converted Catliolkt
by-ti?e-way-then said, patronizingly
that as yet there were no charge:
lodged*against bini, Father W?., at tin
War Department; to which the lat#. i
rejoined that he might tell hts master
Stanton, that lie conscientiously be
lieved Mrs. Snrratt guiltless; (hat In
should proclaim bis be'ief, and thu
the War Department might bang bin
if it thought proper.
Gen. Hardie was about to go willi
out giving Father W*. the pass, whet
the latter said: 'Gen. Hardie I cunno
stiffer Mrs. Surratt to die without ad
ministering the sacrament; 1 sav ye
to your pr?position; give me the na**
Gen. Hardie then drew from hi
pocket a pass duly filled up and signet
by "Edwin M. S'anton, admitting him
Father Vi7"., to the prison until alte
Previous to 'the removal of Mr^
Sui rait from the Carroll to the Milit?t
Prison, Father \V. had made applica
lion to the War Office for a pass l
visit her, sho being very ill, but i
every instance his applications wer
denied, and up to thc veiy day bi-foi
the execution Mr9. S. WHS deprived h
the Secretary of War of spiritual a
j ?s'ptclabdespateh N. Y. Tribune.
The Union inoii of Weakly Count;
Tennefsee, bel-i a public inostim
denouncing tho arrest of Ernexso
Etheridge, arid other outrages, b
order of Frownlo^, us revolution?r
Ocr. AT ELBOWS.- lt. rs very sad to
watch the gradual falling into at,thc
ell o wi sm of things new- and bright and
lovely; the gradual decay and disinto
gration of what once looked as solid ::s
granite, and KS durante as the .evci
lastir.g hills. r\>r things, as well a?
people, get ? ut at elbows; and time
wears. Indes in feelings ns well HS in
I velvet and corduroy. Love ate! Upe
j and happiness and aspiration all <fo
I threadbare and fall into rents as the
j mouths pass n i and winter frosts wither
I up and blight^tbe last, of the summer
j flowers, lu Hin vom h and heyday ol
I oar life our n oral elbows are covered
I au inch fhiek with generous padding;
?nd*\ve scout ns saoreliaBDUs. th?: idea
that .we snail iver go ragged, whatever
happens to ?air neighbors. Impossible
tuat wu burning fiery hot. with poetry
I and zeal, should ever calm down into
i prose and vulgar fiaciions-that our
philanthropic designs for rej^nerating
i mankind sh >uld sti!?-.;d.? into trading
! on our neighbor's necessities-that our
poetic flights into the regions-of the
'. beautiful and true should end in the
lu'i'riati beac.: the useful and the ex
itic iient. l.o.u ; t tho wedding cont,
i and ?he wc-hiueg gown, too, for tie.
i . ' i - . i *
i m .'roi- ol li.:.;. J>riglit, new, giossv,
' Stainless,.Intact, ?:<> they not !o..k as it
i fashioned tor a liietimf;? " as il theil
I brightness could- never lade? .their
g?>ss be never rubia;.1 away' theil
i wholeness never leiden' niel yet
; wiiat is the truth ut' that wedding
\ lu many eases an out-at? elbowism
before the year is fullill ..!; ia somt
before the wedding toast is cold; ii.
almost all belore life is coded; in ogh
a or.-i(eot:s lc. , so f>w tharwc cati al
count upon our ringers'the ?roe exam
ple.S known ;.j u-. tue se.uns kept vj-'s?
and the na?> unrubbed to the List, uti?
the.gloss and the beauty and tb<
wholeness, the same in the end as wa:
tn thebeginning. t >i.: v a lew grnciou
instances of the preservation ol- the
wed.ling gyititea', ;s known to any o
us, hut ?coVet ?'d' those in wi.ich then
are threadbare places, and j igget
holes, ami elbows all abroa !, ajad pre
tn i'iir? diiapi talion, rmd'bitter repent
ance for the special pattern accepted -
ot: crs so tnin-li more suited, tnav b<
>r deeded! -an?! etiduriiig irritation ?% iii
tho Mit.' Enduring indee i, oft! me t<
th J life's cluj.. And when elbow? i
o .ce get adii'l, fropi the padding, am
close stitching ot the wedding gar
mont, i doubl il any amount <A' daru
ing and flue drawing CHU recover*tiien
before they get .swathed ?ur everlasting
in the shroud.
[ Dickens' all (he Year Hound.
DEYIXQ PEACHES*-Peaches thi
vc ar aro abundant. V? here they can
'not?t maturity, bo conveniently sen
to a gool market, il will pay weil t
dry i hem in large quantities. Ii
Northern cities they tuc always ?scare
and in great demand, and il sliippe
thither, will bringa back the money, c
which we are suffering the wont.
Peeled fruit always sells best, hut a
hot enough mi vance generally, 1
compensatio f r the ex'ra trouble. J
thu down is thoroughly washed o
and the unpeeled fruit is then cut n
ai d curt-, nicely, Selecting it who
fullv ripe but not mellow, protecting,
while dryiivf. from wet, ?Ins1, ari
insects, and .s when j ut np -a cleat
t right appearance, it will bring a goo
pru e. The higher flavored the ?naca.
?elected, tlc better will be thedric
frui^ but the meanest soft peaches,
nicely eur.fi. meet with a ready sal
.Let. the go-el boasew?ves o? our lan
lake the ma ter in bar.fi and dry larg
quantities instead of leaving the ero
lo tiicir husbands for distillation, t
till the land with .'.'Tore, drunkennes
The d; ieJ fruit can easily he couverte
iot? money, and will-bring in retur
'suf/ar, cu;j?e, clothing, and tho Othi
uet!?Si<;rics :.:>'J comforts ac cane
needed Toe t&xes rm cl cuites w
prevent much aetc pro;.;, r.-dfc: distill
lion. ' A kilo for dry:tic; is c'.isi
... ... - ... __
i prepared and thereby an article is
i ser?ur<-d "f superior quality, indepen
; clent of tho weather.
. For family usrt, dried fruit nf all
kinds is wholesome and nutritious,
and when the fruit season is tiver
I should be an article of almost tidily
j use.- Cultivator. :"
I . --
! THE Tura I TY CKUKCH PROPERTY
I NEW Youie-The New York World
I devotes several eoJutnns Co a detailed
' statement of the immense property
j held hy Trinity Church, in that city.
|fts >eai estate originally consisted of
? *J.<?GS lots, granted it by King William
lill, in 1597. Siuce*17-tS, 318 lots
j have been given away, 1,05'.) have
I been ?old, COI remain; yet, owing to
tho rise ol property, the value .of the
I remaining lots, i.-> very- much greater
' than the irigiual value of thc wliob?.
j Wm. 3. Astor leases a large number
ol tlie lots, wljieii leases will expire at
i th.*> close of May. l?ti?, when the
j Church will come it.t<? full possession
of ih'jm. Their value is estimated a;
80,000,000. The Astor lease includes
330 lots, which wera let in 1767, nt
twenty live couts yearly per lot fora
' terni id ninety-nine years. They are
! ail occupied byJbuiWinga which bring
Mr. Ast r high rents, and comprise
! some of the most valuable sites in the
First, Third,"Fifth, Kighlh and Ninth
Wards. ( Mr. Astor nays Trinity
Chapel ?-Gi) per'annum for all the
? lots, being abou: seventy-five cents for
I each. If we estimate' thc rental from
each building on these lots at the low
averaged ?300, the fortunate lease
j holder innst receive on an invested
1 capital ol 8-09, an income of $108,000
per r : ? : ; i 111.. In a few years ali the
leases given hy Trinity to various
' ; arte ? ..ii! . ire; af: i the prot'Ortv
will revert back to ti." corporation.
I Thc vam .. of the whole ru*I ...?'tatt,
will then, it is said, not hill far short ol
twenty millions of dollars.
GEN. GRANT IN TU:-: CAUKVIRNIA
GOLD MINKS.-iiixjeen years ago, t i i i s
July, Lieut. G?.-n. Grant V&? mining
tor* gold on tho North tink of the
.American I ii wr, California, lie dies
ed in a billi !: mriel shift and coarse,
miner's rig, btboicd away for about
two years, literally earttiui* ]ii- bread
by tlie sweat 'ci his brow. He was
not successful, however. After he
resigned from the old anny, and only
until be was reinstated, hasche suc?
ceeded in striking a far richer plac?
nf greatness and distinction than
mere wealth could possibly alford, ot
all his lah<>r in the richest of ttie gold
mines of California have realized.
By tho Provisional Governor of thc
. State of South Carolina
A I'R OC LA ll ATI OA' !
W lTKREAS !lis Excellency President
VT Johnson has issued lus proclama?
tion, appointing me (Benjam?n F. Perry)
Provisional Governor in and for the Stat?
vf <oiith Carolina, with power to pivscribc
such rules and reg'il0ii>ns as may be ne?
cessary and prop' r for convening a t on
vention nf the Slate, composed ol dele?
gates to ho chosen by that portion of tin
people of said State who are levai lo tilt
L'r.ited Slates, for the purpose of altering
ei amending thc Constitution thereof; an.i
with authority to exercise within ih<
limits of the State all the powers neces?
sary and proper to enable such loy oj peo
j?lti" io restore said State to ii- constitu?
tional relations to the federal Govern
? eat, and lo pi-feseiit Mich a Republican
form nf State Government hs will entitle
tho Sttte to'the gu.araAtee of the United
States theiefor, and its people to protec?
tion by the CuiteiiStatesaguinstiuvaaiosi,
insurrection and domestic violence:
.Now, t he. ..-fore, in ob^ienee to the pro?
clamation of Iiis Exceiler/cy Andrew Jolim
sou. President of the United States, 1,
[JOJAMl-S F. -PERRV. Provisional Go
vernor of inc Stuij of South Carol;tia, fen
the purpose of organizing a'Provisional
(Government in South Carolina, reforming
the otata Constitution un?? restoring ci vi
it j thori ty ia said iiutn, under t! e C'Osti'
lutto^ a.id iinvi. o.' the U~:i.cd Cit'tics, d'
;;i-i*by proclaim decUro that all civ:
c-2:cer3 i.i south Carolina, who were -i
! office when the Civil Government of the
I Stute was 'suspended,.in May lust, (except
?-those .arrost-d or und?r prosecution for i
I t reason.).shull, oc taking the oath of alle?
i gianee prescribed in 'he President's Am
. nest y Proclamation of the S&th day of
! May, 1365, resume t.ye duties %i their
j offices ?ud continue t> discharge them
Lund'O- the Provisional Government till
Bur th cr appointments are made.
|. And 1 do further proclaim, declare and
I make known, that it is the duty of all
loyal citizens of the otate cf South Caro?
lina to promptly go forward and take the
oath ol' allegiance to the United States,
before sjoin-j magistrate fr militar}' officer
oT tb? Feiletal Government', who 'may ba
j qualified for administering oath?; and such
i aro ^hereby authorized lo giv? certified
I copies thereof tu ?be pcrsoia respectively
by whom they were made. And euch
magistrates or officers ure hereby required
to transmit thc originals of. such oa'jtis, at
as farly a?day as may bc convenient, to
the Department of Slate, in the city of
Washington. D. C.
And 1 do further proclaim, declare and
make known, that the Manurers of Elec?
tion's throughout thc iftite of South Caro- -
lina will bold an election, for members of
! a State Convention, at theft* respective
! precincts, on the FIRST MONDAY IX
SEPTEMBER NEXT, according to the
. laws ?d' South Carolina in force before the.
; srSkssion af the frtate; and that each Elec.
! tieri District in the Slate shall elect as'
I maiiy members of the Convention as the
j said District ba-> membei ; of ibo Housa of
] Representatives-the basis of representa
j lion heilig population and taxation. Thia
; will give one hundred and twenty four
j members t<> Hie Convention-a number
I sufficiently large to represent every por
i tioti of the State most fully.
I Every loyal citizen who has taken tba
i Amnesty o;ith and not within the excepted
I classes in ibo President's Proclamation,
I will be entitled to prote, provjded he was
j a legal veter under the Constitution as it
stood prior to thc ^secession of South
Carolina. And all .who ..arr; within the
excepted classes must talc,? thc oath and
apply for a pardon, in order to entitle
! them to volo or become members of the
Th? mcmbci-; ?' tba < '-vi-ont:en*.tl-us
elect 1 on r.be nisi Muudty in September
; next, arc ii rr?bip ;?. c. rived t" convene in
; tb..- ?itv of Columbia, o? WEDNESDAY,
j the 18lh day o? Scptcaib. r, J.S65, for the
purpose of ? altering ??nd amending the
! present'Constitution of South Carolina, or
I remodelling and making a new one. Which
? will cioiiform to the 'J.": at. changes which
have taken plSce in tbe State, and be
r more in accordaf.ee with Republican prin?
ciples an d equality of represent atio? ?
And ? do further pl o ela i nt and muke
known, that the Constitution and all laws
of ?orce i*i South Carolina prior to the
secession of the State, are hereby made ot
. loree under ibe Prov; ional Government,
except wherein they may conflict with the
provisions of this proclamation. And the
Judges and Chancellors of the S'ate arc.
. hereby required to exercise all the power*
and perform ail the duties which apper?
tain to their respective ?bices, and espe?
cially in criminal eases. lt. will bo
expected ol' the'Pcdcral military authori?
ties now in South Carolina, to kind their
authority to the civil officers of llie Pro?
visional Government, for thc purpose*?!
enforcing ijie laws and prtscrving the
peace and gond order of the ^taf^. -. m
Aad [-do further command and enjoin
all goo#and lawful citizens of the Slate
u> unite in enforcing the laws and bring?
ing tv) justice ail disorderly persons; all
plunderers, robbers and marauders, all
vagrants and,idle persons who a rc wan?
dering about without employment or aDy
visible means of. support in tr themselves.
lt is also expected that ail Wrruer own?
ers of freed perseus will be kind to them,
and not turu off the ch i I cir en or aged to
perish; and, thc freed iu?n and women aro
earnestly enjoined to make contracts, just,
and bb, ba- remaining with their former
ownerc. " *
In order tc facilitate os much as pursi
ble tho application for pardons under the
excepted sections of the President's Am
nestry Proclamation, it is.-luted for infor?
mation that ul application.- must be by
pd ii ion, statine; thc exception, and ac? om
panied with ibu oath prescribe.'). This
petition must, bc first ao?w?>\cd by the
Provisional Governor, and tWn forwarded .
to the President. The headquarters of
the Provisional Governorwiil be at Green?
ville, where all communications to him
must be addressed.
The newspapers of this State will pub
lisb this proclamation till tim election foi?
members ot the Convention.
In testimony whereof, I have hereunto
set my band ?ndseal. Done at the
IL. B-l town of Greenville, this 20lli doy'
of Julv, in tiio year of oin- Lord
1S??. and . f t?.e ijde^c-ode?je Ot,
the J lilted Sutes ibe ouoitisth.
B. F. F?BJiT.
I>7 the ?rov!?:onei Governoi:
WlifcUM ii. ?jCii.V, -V. .'-iv' O.-?viATJ. >
J. .-j 2G
xml | txt