Newspaper Page Text
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^ Wednesday Morning, Aug. 3,1865.
A newspaper' correspondent', bf the
right sttonp, is ix desideratum?. But it
require* no srhall ka ow ledge, talent
and oapioilv of observation to be a
good corresponden*. The wise man
seeiFev* -ry thing. Th ?> .blockhead tra
' vels from Dan to Beersheba, and,
though the route is a long one. he sees
nothing. .His self-esteem or vanity
shuts his outer eve. He looks' only
within, and, naturally enough, dis?
covers nothing abnt, emptiness. We
have a large class pf this sort, who
yet pre*tud to insight; but, when you
read, you discover nothing but near?
sightedness or ?ver-sightednes?. They
look too low. or look too far, to. dis?
cover "the probable and the certain.
Their capital is wonderfully small, and
the slightest basis of fuetwr* serve to
make staple,enough for n stupendous
lie. Thc iirst essential to a good
traveller is to be able to obserw?. This
seems to most of the tribe a"vry un
? essential matter. " But it is absolutely
vital to the?r uses'. Miss Martillean,
a very wrong-headed spinster, who
rode*a hobby which she insisted upon
Wiisiiing into white from black, once
Wrote a very clever hodjk, eut ii led
"How to observes!*' The vulgar wo rid
laughed at ?indi n title. '-How to
observe, quothe!" "Why," saidthe^ ,
"everybody can observe!" Yes, in?
deed, if they would only take the
pains to_ h ara. But observing does
not exactly come by nature. We have
to learn tho ari. Ob.wring is nut
nu re scalar/. Boutins Pilate asked for
the truth, but refused to wait for the
answer. Most travellers go .abroad
. lot to see. but to bc Si ell, 1141 il tll?s it
isthat vanity shuts np the peepers.
Observing requires trs?n?tg u-udpCdn
cation. Von must not expect to learn
the ?niali?es of a Hung by mero see?
ding, requires both analysis ::iol
c> ni l..-..;-. v.M. :"ust ni ? mee combine
and take apa.it -disintegrate and ont
together - dig below the surface before
you can appreciate wind hes upon the
surface, an4 use a good plain inch, if
you would ascertain the depth of M
fountain, Vilich will yet reflect yon
back alt the hatagesof trees and shrubs
alon-- the banks. Wc do not no\\j
? recollect exactly what rides Miss Mar
xineau lays down for correct", observa?
tion, but yon may be smv of this,
that, in the case of so shrewish n per?
son, (insano enough when hobby
riding,) she lue? not shot very widely
of tlte mark in her counsels to the
student. To observe is the first step
towards thinking. He who does not
knowhow to observe, dorr, not know
how to think, and he who knows
millier, knows md how to act. Obser?
vation, thought and energetic*action,
under thought, constitute the wholt
secret of success in life. And quite as
necessary are-.those two first exercises
to the good traveller who jims to be n
good reporter. How to observe, what
to observe, how to convey to others
the fruits of observation, are thc just
requisites for the good corespondent.
But oar ordinary journalists, writing
attjre i? uno, do not heed these
conditions. Their s?le* testais tin
degree of sensation which they can
occasion. Hov,7 to .gull, how astonisl:
the blear-eyed-to make folks star*
-to startle the simple- se! won dei
fe agape-frighten old maids with .ill tin
ideas of a sucked city, and storth
greedy g?ntienien on 'change? with tlx
terrors of sudden liso or fall in thost
markets where a specious fraud, ovi i
the signature of a count or man o;
straw, is the representative of monej
anti capital. We require, for our cor
respondents "thc capacity to see, weigh
measure, note, mark, meditate, auc
huntly think. Speculation follow;
thought, and thc philosophy natural!;
grows from the sp?culation, all tin
*elcm?ntdK>f the subject*J^eing dui;
w< ighed and ascertained. A!! thisM't
q drei the habitual csci-ciso^?f th
observing eye ami tue reflecting mind.
You cannot, begin TO seo, observe or
?Mink for any speen.1 ?See?sion.- You
must be hab?tiiated to tJio'exercise.
Your eye arid mind must be equally
*aiid for long yoars'traiued to tin: busi?
ness, so that, seeing and discovery,
suggestion and though!, siudl be your
natural occupation, whether you sit,
or stand, or side, or walk. Sugges?
tion comes from road or river side,
from sky or earth, from running brook
or standing pool, from the bira that
iiics, as if it w<n?d mock ymir sight,
to*the beast that ruminates, indiffer?
ent whether you seo or not. Xor is it
the most reflective mind that carries
the most observing eye, 'l here arc
ua? i i res,di fieront ly endowed, whatev? r
I be thc training, for different uses a
I fact which it Ls not easy to drive into
the. skulls of teachers and professors,
whoso real business is to discover
?where the faculties of the pupil lie.
\ The very habit of reflecting intensely
j upon moral and metaphysical sui)
j jew's produces a sort of moral near?
sightedness, which is detrimentid tc
the observation of colored objects.
Such minds naturally look within
rarely without- for the materials ie:
sp?cula"! ion. The most useful mind:
for society arc those of tir?, the duplex
faculty, who can look and explore.
? qnally well, within and without. Bul
we are at tho bottom of our sheet.
Mt:. Eunou: It was quire a discri?
minating philosophy ol' Dr. Wolcot,
when he saidi
"Thc turnpike road to people"? hearts.
I.:vs thro their mouths, or Wi.is. ike man
Your corr??.?pondent r<.fitly ita?
the most practical und conifortin?
evidence on titi-; point at a pie -ii,
given on the i?2il ult., by the ciri/.eii'
of Hiehland and Fairfield Districts, ir
the vicinity of Crooked linn.
Notwithstanding the extreme he::
ol' tin' sun. a goodly number of tin
citizens of the surrounding neighbor
hood, together with a number o
?..?nests from a distance, assembled a
au appropriate hour to particip?t*? >.
the .'e.-M ;, ; t ... . ? i* tiro overe?lo ti. l.li
ghosts having assembled some hour
prior to thc announcement of dinner
and no one baring been depub d h
.'cut and dry" apolitical harangue fu
*t?ie occasion, tiny were ti Hon led ai
opoortuuity <>f interchanging view
upon the v..lions questions . >;' polio,
upon which we are soon to make a d
cisi?n, iii keeping within tlic statu
assigned us by the (lc uv ral (b*veni
meut. J'.'om the number of group
formed, soi.ie lounging lazily apo
thc ground!, nial others proiucnuilin
in the adjacent grove, linier, the 01
portunity was not unimproved.
About ^ o'clock dinner -AMS ai
non neei I. when the lari ?es v, i -ri .. >so irte
to the table, which literally groaue
beneath a boiintifii] provision of sui
stunt iain and swvetnieafs. Commends
ble ?fallu ti try was displayed by th
sterner sex in their attentions to th
hus les el their fair fri l*n i ls. liiaccon
aime with their usual modesty, th
ladies bad >ear v commenced ere thc
lofl the lab! . Che platrers were fi
plenishecl. ann the sterner sex lille
their places, when
"Dire was tile clatter of plate: . >?!' knife an
That nu s Ml. l?ke tomahawks, *l
These very interesting ?ind profit;
ble ex.-1-,-is, s concluded, social inte
course was resumed, and kepi u
until the hitter part of the sifteriiooj
when ti,.? assemblage hogan to dim
nish, tis one by one the velrielcs move
in various directions with their pri
cions living freight.
I cannot close without speaking <
the very commendable manner i
which matters in general were cc?
ducted The very, judicious prohib
ti o ii of all intoxicating liquors on tl
table reflected the highesl honor .
the perception and gentility ?d' tl
very discruninniing gentlemen coi
posing the committe?*< >T arrangement
They fleserve the thttriks of ?ll, esp
chilly the ladies. J must also spei
of the ladies present who eontribnti
a very important, quota to the eujo
ment of the oouasii>n. Wiihoiii the
peculiar influence upon the opposi
sex, the adair must lia ve grow LI tedi? i
long before its eoneJe.sion. Verily,
"l''-c simple anil a simpli foo
Am! all thc fe? a in tail
Are nothing, when compared to thee,
Thou be?! of fees-fe-mal< ."'
Ever com mend me to thc Ito; pitali
of thc thrifty planters, fair daughfr
and nobie Kiatroa^ in tut vicinity
Crooked Run. C.
.^?S ?M.il?iuthrt-jpliy ol' Mr. Horace
Greeley'}'* of (he most'active descrip?
tion. "Like Auargharsis Clootz and
Thomas Paine, ho isa^?riendof aan
k?nd," and haring taken possession of
tho Southern St:it< -, as a waste and
barbarous coimt?$, .Leis teaching ns a
multitude <>l" useful, practical lessons'
in politipul euonomy, cooking, ethics,
diet, religion, agriculture, literatme,
and lately in entomology. Under hi:;
supery'si'-fin the people of L.ouisi:uia
have greath, improved then1 process of
sugar making; the men ot Arkansas
have remodeled their "toothpicks at
his instance; the natives of South
Carolina have been, taught by him a
new ?ind improved mode of growing
rice ?md boiling Palmetto cabbages;
the ( reorgiuus, Alabamians and Missis?
sippian- admit that he luis illuminat?
ed th.-ir benighted mind ns to the
cultivation ?u'V?>ttou, and the North
Carolinians ant! Virgiuiana propose,
;.s soon As they can get a very seedy
ovoivont. a. battered whit'.-: hat and a
pah* o',' wv]] worn boots, to erect an
. .Iii.'.;.' in !i iii ir M:' his judicial reforms
in the maiiufjieturc of turpentine and
Nor iMut'ifcil withal! this practical
useftiltn-ss, ho sent among us, some
time siaee.-^ most v< ir.ciousan l bene?
volent phuesopher, who reiierfs in;
Hm 7V;,'.-f./c. of the1 LSt.h instant, the
results of his dispassionate and careful
examination ?tito the moral: . mann'? rs.
eustoiiis and eutomologms ol' the dil'-j
feront trilles of degenerate white men
.who occupy the several .."territories,"
where al! tim pr? tended political rights
of tue people were very properly !'??:?
f<?ititi during the "Lite rebel?io:?.,'" j
The discover!, s made bv ti.is iirn-.i- i
dite philosopijor during his ^ painful '
and perilous pilgrimage ali- et' a mosl
startling character. When published
ia bo.?!; fogru, they will be rcail with .
'! he most Remarkable cueumshirtce ?
is. thai in visiting a country which ;
lias been r?ven$v }?retiy t.ln?rou'-!.!dv ?
explored byKlieridsisu Thomas, (irani,
Sh '.mian. Kilpatrick ?md Wilson, Mr.
( riv?di-y's commissioner u?>1 ic. d more
remarkable things than Barth Livin s
:;toiie, Sp; h(. :t!ll} Bacton .I'M in tim
inti for of Africa. .He ha at last
fourni ont tho true causes <d' th?- 'Me?
gen.-racy, ignorance and barbarity of i
tho Southern people." These un for- J
t?nate e-mses ans stated Uv hin in a
very loUg :i?'..l able cssav. *Tbe hives- .
tig?tfons of lids profound and truth?
ful person wer.irunieneed among
cerfcun Southernemigrant-s Lo Illinois.
Hear [tim: ' . :
"A part of the Soiithempeivnle have
deseo; ul ?il from Knghsh crismttaLi,
who. on their arrival, nv?TO sohl to nie
planteras :md their defects ol' moral;
character have been trausinitt J to
theil- children. No high objects g t
vern them. They are cont un ti. hunt,
tish, raise l?gs a nd ' corn, nud trade
in property s'o'.en by tin- slaws."
Another Southern tribe "descended ?
from Hessian prisoners. They live
rein?te from cities ?md ]?regressive !
society. They speak th . English !
langtmge y.s it- was spoken iomj before
th.- revohuiou. Their mirais'ave dull,
ami they make no improvement.
This ingenuous writer attributes
"ll;-' degotn-racey of ?li" Southern
people to se. ?rbutic diseases. Their
fool ol' ci.ru bread and polk has
d?gem-rated their bl ?oil ami weak?-m d
their constitutions, fi ina;, be said
that their brains n:o half, pork.
They greatly m e.! ami s -Mom have
vinegar." Tile children ol' (lies.- un?
happy barbarians, 'lie learned traveler
says, "devour the coarsest fruit. The
persimmon is so bitter ?ind coarse that
hogs refuse it. yet it is a ?a vori bj
among th??.;? pe? ?plc," Imagine, oh,
ye g'.-.|s! om- of ?%,-...- while tribes
feeding upon gn-i u persimmons, with,
ns th?? writer adds, "haws and paw?
paws" for a desert.
ThV; savages-,\ ho inhabit 1 Ji?. "terri?
tory" of Ton nessi*? ..ile?i r raise fruit."
The writer ? t:r.\ i. .' once fora hirn
dred miles fhroimh Tennessee and
never saw an orchard. in ,soiue of
the Southern Te-vi tories he "does
not ?leny bul that tiny haw apples,""
but "the people pick them, lay them
by and eat th. m when tiny taste of
old clothes." "Nowhere at Lite South
will you see "omi.hil peach trees.
I'uildreu will eat little, hard, green
peaches wjrh the relish ours eal ripe
om s, ?md it is common for young rn? n
when digging Irish potatoes to pare
and'eat them as mic ijoes an si pole.
Thc children prefer milk when it is so
som; and tWck that they crowd il
down tliey1 mouths with lie ir lingers.
Tiiey eat raw sweet potatoes ami think
nothing belter. Their next ste]) is to
eat grass--Un- final one lo ? .t clay.
Tli;-, gives them a ghasU" look, ami
bloats their stomachs an I bellies. Dust
"Another cause of their degeneracy
has arisen," .says the writer, "from
tho destruction of their nervous sen
sibibility (we beg our r.a.,h rs net tc
j 1 nigh, for. the man is in dead earnest),
i by "wood tick's." Children of all ages
are covered with blotches and sores
! made by vermin with which their bed-"
I ding abounds,.and the. insects ol' the
i wood? and fields. "Wood ticks
j (reader, don't laught; respect tho
j solemn truth winch this sa'-an is toll?
ing,) como, early in thc Spring and lr.rd
I till June. They are about?the size of
a grain of wheat, fiat and with silver
! spots on their back?." (An iu'termis
' sion of tuni minutas is allowed fer
j everybody to laugh, for we were con
I strained to lay dow:: our pen at this
! point and roar.) To this terrible c? ese
? of the degeneracy of tho Southern
I people tho'writer devote? a column of
j small type, ?ind we^shoidd utterly fail
. to do justice to ihe subject if we did
j not give following extraer about the
'diff?rent kinds ol' tick.; winch have
' ruined the morale und constitution ?.ol
j the Southern people :
1 "They (the li .kjjj are not alway:
; felt, but when they aro they ar?-alway..-.
; pulled emt. for it' they be not tiny
? burrow in tin* flesh and make gr' .-voa ?
, sores. A fruit grocer wu .; laid up two
months this*spring with horrid ulcers'
?m his breast caused by wood ticks.
1 Wherever they bite, they make a sore
that l:*>ts a long time. The result is
like sha vi fig oft the flesh with a sharp
razor. 1 have seen children's legs one
mass ol'sore.;. These ticks eome from
trees and rotten .wood.
''After these come seed tick ;. rh< y
are so small as to bc seen only by the
steady gaze of go? d eyes; They ?ne
ol'the same shape as the wood tick,
id is said that they breed from ila:
blood of a much larger tick, which
are found on cattle. They aro ?n chis
ruenttouch them, they "chug" to^Tt.
Sometimes lhere will 'be lilly or a
iiundivd. ai other tine s fhn.".....!nd J O:I
thousands. Tiny crawl ali over thc
body and seek ti:;; hair of the he:id.
Ki rsi. there is a smarting sting; when
the place is scratched a pain follows
almost e.pirti te. a blister ly, tire. Tili ;
seed tick will get into flic flesh als
and makes sores which las?, long. Th .
sores ofboth-li'iids will beal and break
OMI aim i:i. J have seca t li? l-loodfroiu
my own cl?il Iren':? leg?rmi from tn ?<?
seed ticks will drop o.i' if one gets
sweaty. Spirits of hartshorn allays
the bite; tobacco smoke will expel
ticks from the clothes.*'
What the writer says upon this sub?
ject is-as true as (J-ospol, ami our^jail
evs wiil agree with us that when Mr.
Greeley's commissioner was .down
South, the poor follow rm: ^havc h:nl
a lively tim?; with the .?seed" mri
..wood" ticks. He also fofl among
''jiggers," called in our youth .?<.!;...
gers," sad t!r..y. ho says, lia ve contri?
buted .\ii.M> to the j ?resent i.lo.gen?T:iev
ol' the South." Ile thus discourses .'.f
'.Another insect is called the jigger.
They ail- nore numerous South ol'
Tennessee. There are a few here.
They .-?re still smaller than thc : ee?l
tick, and red. They* .get under the
nails of the toes, ami bet wei ai the toes;
and when they get into the llosh i: is
almost impossible to get tl:o:;i out.
Th.y cause intetfse itching: e ?rrupl ?!
matter runs out; and when thev are
under the ?oe nail the cas? is painful
and pr? >1 racted. Thc jigger conies nut
countrii s thev an* ahuost in lol? Table.*'
W?' rospec'tfnlly sal.mil that Mr.
Greeley send his next commissioner
down South in the winter mouths, it
was inhuman to send him here during
the summer mouth .. The unfortunate
man visited ns al the wrong' season ;
ami bein-, no doubt, a thin-skinned,
sangninous ph'?osooher, thc bt.il bim.
wo.,,1 and sei d ticks, and tho:., terri?
ble monsters, thc "jiggers," seem lo
have taken n fancy to him rle write;
too i hajuenfly earnestly and feeling!)
iud to havi suffered most terribly
li mus! have scratched oft'rho cuticle
a dozen times over, and in bis despe?
ration ?: ken ..?Teen persimmons" nnd
..raw Irish potatoes" internally, as ii
remedy for the bites. With ten thou?
sand jiggers and seed ticks luxuriating
no(in his tender carcass, we can'par?
don the philosopher's poor opinion of
ns. If. however. Mr. Greeley shall
persist most inhumanly in sending his
commissioners to inquire into thc
condition of the South during the
summ?'":' months, when these terrible
guerillas-the "wood-tick?" and the
.'.jigg? rs"-lie concealed in every bush
and tuft of grass, let him bear in mind
thal ...sheep fennel" is the only' pro
feciivn. and that without that" sore?
ll ?gu antidote tiie '.degeneracy of the
S nilli woidd have been worse lean
it now is. Armed with sprigs of it
?ind . anointed with-the oil ol' ?he
weed, the commissioner of the Tribune
muy hereafter hire bettor than &hc
poor mari;, i" wno judges of the su'dur
iugs pf the people of the South ir. m
ins own excruciating torturer.
? l?OCal X"t0230LS?
[ ?f anv of -ur Mtv roudov? ?ro desirous of
I ob:; ininjsoittoi?litit: puriioulariy nice ir fi?
grcewy ::r.? ^.r.d at -, ?ow r-rkfe, !. i theai
friv; liv. 1 ros. Stonhetis* .. ir.ii, rt! bis stt.ro
?aKI-Lilaad street, m-r-r Bul). '
> . By r?fcrenco tu bra- advmi .?:.'; c.....
cf thc ColiuuHa >?aio ' < -td u.. j
eared t::v scrvica 3 of Snwni. Y ai:- sn?
Thoaij-".yn, and ii will rc-^pcuc i .">?
t-ttb ?"j fi* ?-untionusn ....?. ? .; ? ?.?
ed viii?'tim Aivtmsd Ae3 i->.-v in rhi-i r> .
f-.r Kiivt-rai ;.earr*. ?.nd ar.- Kn-v.-.i .... v.'
thornigh r. :choVn and utii.-i .; .atdimri
KrroKTiNO iW?Kts?.-V... tia.-.- r:..:e.
satisfaction in rentingourprog&s:; . .?..a.
reodorsi, assured th::t ttsvy will ;>!! lah? H.
Y..- ? r.1... ,:! it,.am! wisl do .>.;;. l.._.st
fu impr..?v.- t. i.- u? i- -:-. v\%. :?v improving.
ha - survit ?! :dl h
dr.sr.ry sud 1?11
:u .! ? icy. Jill":
I' i ' *
.nd gold ate mi i'epr. s. nb d liberally,
?ld Mi ;,bl:iul.? 1 pctTOl?Uln :. UUr
?oubted. 'ii- ?ultu will soon bc de vol -
pod thot will astonish all. Hitherto
wealth hus been lxidden under a
Thc fact tu.nt v"?ld mime overrun
i'irginia. proves how soon a country
a 1 fall I R '1* into its original wilder
less. when cultivation coates. Der
iud boar aro reponed to have reap
) ..ired in districts whore lucy had not
icen L'of*m.-.ny years prior rc the com
nencement ci th?? war. Quails and
al/bits literally swarm in the desolated
?ttiements of Virginia.
Tho Lynchburg (Va.) Republican
:,-.?. we regret to lom that R serious
tate of affaira exi it in Amherst
bounty, worthy the prompt attention
if the authorities. The negro popula*
ion s jems to bo running riot u.i r the
ountry, and robbery appears to be
he order of tho day ano night.
?--*o. - .
The eldest man in tho world is Joe
'rel -, of Vriscon'un. ile loots up 130