Newspaper Page Text
' Saturday Morning, August 5,1885.
To thc West of the western herders
. of Missouri nud Arkansas, and to the
northward of the Texian boundary
liue, there extends a tr.ict of country
known as the Indian Territory.
Stretching from the Red Eiver cu thc
South to tiie sterile regions-, wnere
thc Black Feet prowl like wolves, on
thc extremo Northern border o? ino
United States, this Territory com?
prises many thousands ol' square miles
?evoted by the Government, in days
past", to the occupancy ot" thedifiereut
Indian tribes. Heve (tve .tho lands bf
the Cherokees from Georgia, the Flori?
da Seminoles, and the Chickasaws
from Mississippi. Here also ure the
hunting grounds of the wilder tribes -.
the Pawnees, the Sioux, tho Chey?
ennes, and the furious Li pans, riere
some of the red men have been won
to the i reelion of houses, the tirage
of Ileitis, tho use of schools, the prac?
tice of law, of religion, of noeial order;
und others again, despising every art*
Of the pale ince, still chug to their
savage ways-still daub on thu war
paint, still bend thc twanging bow,
still hunt the buffalo for food ?uni rav?
age the borders of Mexico and the
States for spoil. Of these wild rovers,
the Crows, the Arrapahoes, the Ca
nnmehes, most#lreaded of all, but lit?
tle more is known comparatively titan
of the Bengal tiger pr tin; Russian
wolf. Like wolf a^ul tiger, they have
their lairs in wild recesses where, gen?
eration after generation, they ar? born
of} savage mothers; where., generation
after generation, they grow up tieri.?
and terrible; and whence, when of fuji
strength, they issue forth inion tiie
homes of civilized men. IV-urii ss in
their fitly and romorsi li ss i:t their
ravages. Xow and then sonic dim
?dor;.' reaches us of a mail %ider "mi
tho Plains." who never reaches his
destination; of a stage load of over?
land passengers whoso, IH-H .'S ate led
to whiten in the sun; of a puny fron?
tier village sacked arid burned, tin?
men hewn to pieces, and the women
carried off, shrieking* l>\ smeared and
brutal braves, at their horses' tails;
but, as the same Providence which
gives thc wild bc:ist strength seldom
permite him to know his power, it
seems never* to have entered these
savage myals to extend their depreda?
tions by concerted action. When not
racing the prairie for food or stealing,
"like tho withered "Murder." on the
settlements, these wilder tribes righi
one with the oilier, or turn their fury
on their moro civilized brethren. And
f. of these-the better mannered tribes
it is mon: pleasant to speak, ns wi 1! as
mure important, in new of what is
hereafter tu be H till of late events in
t'.iis Indian Territory. The < ?hoctaw.s,
the Cherokees" the Creek--, the .Chick?
asaws, Osages, and some others, have,
to a grenier or less extent, as before
said, fallen into the ways ol' civilized
mon, and in some localities present a
cultivation that would, not discredit,
says the Augusta Constitution-mint, many
an interior village in our laud (In?
lands of this Territory being so rich
as to have passed almost into a by?
word. It ?3 not surprising agriculture
should be the great resource of these
Christianized tribe's, and in this pur
suit some of the tribes weYe aided in
bygono days by many negro slaves.
Thus, then, to give a general review,
the Indian Territory was, at the out?
break of the lute war, inhabited by
wild and civilized tribes of Indian-.
These civilized tribes, again, were iii
vided into slaveholding and non-slave
holding 4-nations," ns they are. termed:
When hostilities commeuecd, most of
these latter nations espoused the
Union canse, while the richer nations
that owned daves-chielly tho Choc
tu-.v% ;'neks, and Cherokees-sont
forth their young men"to tight for 'he
yonth, nuder the leadership of Stanfl
Vyatio, a f-r?at eliief, who received tin
i commission o?" ? Brigadier-General hi
j tlie Confed?rate service; Cunningly
I holding aloof froia either side, the
i savage trilios carne dowu ?dike- upon
tilt: borders of tho North-western Htatos
and tho frontiers of tho South-mur?
dering, robbing and burning with
1 great imparti.ility. The reader will
I doubtless remember those atrocities
i committed, in particular, on the bor?
ders ct' Minnesota, and to prevent and
punish which Gen. John Pope was
tent thither by the Government. Thar,
au equal amount of damage was not
clone to Texas and Arkansas is,?doubt
!less, due to (lie t -.cr that the organized
Indian forces on . ?iiev ...!.*.. I v be?
tween those borders and the wild
tribes. In this way mattel's wont*tm
in thf Indian nation rill tho surren?
ders, when Brig, tren. Sr.-nd Wat ie
surrendered, on the 23d of .Tune last,
to two officers of the Tinted States
army, appointed for tlj.i1 purpose by
Major-Gen. Herron. Tim ?..!.. 1-: <>f
CK- surrender arc thal .Stand] Wittie
and Iii - mon sire bi receive prob-otho:
from the United Stat-s. especially
against tho.,> indians latolv in (hal
service, lill .: Groat Connell ?'.f nil th"
?P lian notions <.::> be ea ll? 'd. Siam!
Wa?;.- having promised to bring mi
Iiis Cherokees, and Gov. [.itehlhi un?
dertaking to procure 'ii"' prosonee
of i he 'hoetaws; il was agreed between
these chiefs and Gen. He ITO ti's com?
missioners that a fttrth? : effort should
bs; made to bri Hg Ml lit?? tribes ; av?
ago and civilized into a general con?
vention, ii is understiiod that thc
wild tribes have'consented to follow
the Lead of their more eivili/od breth?
ren, and a Great. Council has beep
appointed to fie held at a piaee culled
Arms! rung's Academy, in I .:<. ( Ihoetaw
? ..Nat ion. on the ft rsl of September next.
Ki ?'fy thousand Indian-, it is said, wib
be present -from thc Choctaw in lti>
broadcloth suit, io file greasy, staring
Li pan -and thc < hivernaient is to fur
1 nish rations for?th< ir accommodation,
! Th.- -;,va? objo-ts sought to bo aeeoiu.
j pHshed In this mooting are, in briei'
; to recognize tho abolition of slavery
i to heal the feuds growing on! of tin
I war, to secure exemption, if possible
I from e>.>nrisen Sion of lands; to obl?is
I assucjiuees td good eo.mlnel ?j-, ?nf tin
I roving tribes, and fro adopt such otli'v
i measure-' as may promote the genera
; welfare o* ail the red ni-a. and brim
; them int? : lasting, amity with tin
-triiires. General Heir ?n's eomtnis
?siouei-s, Lieut Col, Matthews ami Ad
j jutant Vanee, represent Hie [utlian
as quietly settling down, and as, to al
^.appearance, disposed to not in goo.
faith in r< fercucc to the holding .>
their tl real Council. Should it oven
? nate half the good tito commissioner
s"em to expect fr*?rn its sos.-,"ost, th
whole country will have reason i
i congrati?ate itself on the result am
! especially "those border regio:!- tim
I have U>en so long an I s.. mercilesd;
I victimized by I ndian cruelty, duplieit
I and violence.
j SWIFT TnAVi-x TO Kn::.'M?. -Acorn
j .puny, we l.-arn, c.'inj..?e.! of som
i among the promin.'ui siiip-ownera .
j New York city, ha' e now under cm
; sidcration several plans for the baili
j ingot four suporb^toamo.'s, of s.o,i
. Tons each. t-> 1)'- [11'Op.eli- .'. b\ i llgilV
[of 2,500 luirse piiwer, working tw
; padilly wheels of the usual kind au
I two screw propellers, so that, in ca;
I of derangement either sol of m?
1 ehinery, th" other sui shall contine
: working wi th oui m; ! -rial impedimei
j in ti sp'ed of the vessel,
j These vessels are ,o be capable <
currying 2.500 passengers, a! l'a- v:
? riable fares of $25, :- :?M and S?75. ?1
cording to amount of aeeonimodnth
I required, between that cifv and f3ri
1 lol. England. Meals ?uv to be fn
! nished on board, the same as ai ai
! rest oa rant, and passengers eau ci th.
i .-at or let it alone as it may plea
them. Thc passage lo Europe, it
I believed, at eighteen mile.-, au hon
j will be made in seven days, while tl
j great length of the vessels (nearly tv
I b et j will uvcr-reach or materially co
j tro! the waves, and prevent thal te;
ble pitching motion thal is more
I i ess the dread of all soa-goiiig*ti
1 A CHEAP PLACE LITE ix.- 1
La Seiu' (Minnesota) ,;././ .,
I the L2th instant. says:
W heat is selling in this plac .
sixty cents per bifshel, corn seven
to cightv, oats seventy-five to eiglif
?eggs (eu cents j ?er dozen, butter'
to twelve cuts per pound, and gre
peas ono dollar and li. .. cents j,
bushel; boer "two and hal.' cunt
Governor Parsons estimates t1
122,000 Alabamians .- enraged
the war, of wJioni ?bOnre d?-ad a
Crop Prospects for 1365.
Tho wheat harvest having com
mencccl hi some portions of tho coun?
try-in the Soi i Iii, by this time, it is
wholly gathered-many ar?? already
calculating the yield-of all the cereal
crops, willi r terence to the effect on
general trade. We fbelieve it to be
almost witiioiit precedent that ac?
counts from ?di parts of the country
are so uniform I v favorable. Thesanie
forms of expr?s.--iou are* used every?
where, only vaned a little tc suit each
lucidity, such as "the wheat looks
I finely," "the prospect was never bot
? ter," "there is promise of more than
I an uvera--- y:.-ld." ?ie. This is? trae
i in .i special sense of the Eastern States,
j and so liteir.llj Lind it would be useless
I to name auy particular section. In
; 'daine, as we are. informed by the
lat?-.-,l mail, tia hay crop is enennoue-,
and the ruv.p potatoes is expected
: to vieid S.iidO.'.?iit) bushels.
, lu tie- \\\ :. :; few ciav-ii-.gr>, alana
began to u- : -!; r.-speetiug thc preva
I leuce ot' drought, but copions rains
; fell just in sc.: ? ?o to hush eveiT hp of
, complaint. i ?doss 'great changes
! take place .--.>..:., th-- farmers will be
j more abu.-idantly rewarded for. their
1 ton th.au ! ir sec? r.d years past. I'or
this they are partly indebted to the
wonderful results >>;' machine labor,
anil also the strenuous efforts made to
plant a wide sr-:, in anticipation of
the "continuance of tho war. They
i wi re enabled to accomplis;!] much
: more in this direction, from the fact
that, ns ::. gen end ru's-, thc ngricul
hiral classes lind realized high prices
fur previous ero?'s of grain, for their
livestock, wool, obese, etc., and felt
like expiMiding liberally in the em
plovmeui of labor, from our own
State of Now York, excepting a feeble
complaint about ling?, the intelligence
is alRhai could be desire !.
Prom tho Southern States, accounts
ure despondiug enough, but mneli
bolter than were receive,! a few weeks
ag??. Wii?-at is likely to vicki abun?
dan liv. having, to ; great, extent, dis?
placed other ei'ops less valuable as a
means of subsist? ncc
1 Tin- who!.- laud, tin ivioro, seems io
rejoice in tin: smiles of u kind Provi?
dence.- -J? wi! nf < 'minn?;?<..>.
Theeropsthroiudiout Wisconsin an
ill excellent condition, and'tin- wea
tiii ?- h::s b.\ rem irkably tine for har?
vesting during tl ie past three or i .::?
. lavs. ' Tho ivhijyt crops exceed any
Kcports in regard- to the effect O:
the rc- lt eui ivs in Curlinnu mid lld
nois show that winter whvat in North?
ern indiana is ba?l?y d imagCil, and hu:
grown in s'n ?ck in so-uc parts of tili
nois, particularly about Alci.cau am
the adjoining ci eu dies. SpringAvhea
leis le e . injured considerably in tin
Northern par;, of thc State; but ?
week of good weather would insure :
heavv yield. !;i Wiseoii ii! ami Iowa
tlie crops aro not d.uim.wd to any ex
' tent. The bari y ero;- is badly stained
1 Prom the Loudon eom-spondeht o
tho New Vork Tiutes we malic tho an
nix. d ex; rac; :
"Tia* close ?>f the v.ur in Amov?e?
has been a great disaster to Bombay
in the Kasi indi? s. li r sein.ts one o
i'm- philosophical experiment of st rik
in -;T. i ivory Will, and ?ticing auothe
liv liff from the opposite si le. i>om
bay. on the other side ot the World
feels the concussion in t he sudden ces
sution ol' hostilities more tluui London
Of ?-oi,rsc. London's turn is coming
for thc failure of half the eommerei?
houses in ilomb?y, cannot but^effei
their English correspondents. Th
rise in coiion, and tia- immense iniin
of money to pay fur it, had cause,
sucli a fever jl speculation as theJ-.a
ha I n ?vcr known. Ali kinds ot jon
sleek companies were formed, an
share*, winch cost ?000, w.-nt np t
i ui.i.nuo. The news of tren, lice's sui
ren'der sent down the price (d' cott:>
one-half, and exploded all these wei
derfiiJ speculation-. The Pharisei
j ure in inoiu-iiiiig tin??r ???nu is durkci
; ed. tb n. t irani litth thought th:
sv'heij his artillery coin polled tho ev:
eua! ion ol i i it-! 11 ii .:;<;. I lu re '.vas a cit
on the oilier silk ei the planet a
? which his batteries rain- .; rum.
I "Uni. the cotton question is IV
from settler! yet, and tho great dotti
as to the American production binde
all calculation. l?eioiv the war, i-.nj
i land paid i?Ji>,IM'U a year i'or colton, i
j which X2J,UUU wi.>ut to the Unit?
I Stales. Now, for a halt' supply, si
' pays nearly doable that amount sa
.Clk'jUOU. China, yiapa:: alni Lud??
1 from which so much v.as . -.peeled
! are practical failures, L'hu best tin
j can do is to supply limited quantiti
uf au inferior artic!: at double tl
; price. Egypt does u little better, I)
! not enough, if labor'can be re-orga
? heed in thc Ssuth so as to produ
i cotton in former quantities and
I former 'prices, America may uga
) have the monopoly i.-i.-d supply t
HOW A. RmsF.L PltEACtrE? WAS R;>
cHTED IN CHICAGO.-A despatch from
Chicago to the Cincinnati Gazette, on
the 17th, says:
Kev. John "vv. Pratt, Professor in
the University of Alabama, ut Tusca?
loosa, preached in the Central Pres?
byterian Church last evening. In in?
troducing him, Hov. Ivlr. Brown, pas?
tor of the church, rose sud said: "Rev.
John W. Pratt. Professor in the Uni?
versity of Alabama, at Tuscaloosa, will
preach to yen this evening. Professor
Pratt wa;; an ciel and intimate friend
of mine in years ge:-.:: by Kc wau a
I secessionist, but an honest one, and
I on principie. Professor Pratt preach
i es this evening at my ; -. ir I request.
Kc consented r emetan Uv, u iring you
i would not be willing to near him, but
I told him that tho rebellion was
i over and they had submitted co the
! authority of the Government, and a?
he ~as now irc:n ho rt loyd union
J man, there -.vcr- not a man or voraa'i
i of any congregation but would wel
! come him, and gladly hear hi a prc ? :h.
I If-I am correct in ii:'.-- judgment '.v ii! '
'you please assent tc ;t by arising to I
! your feat." . -
Instantly tito ccugvogation ro?e to j
their feet, and it was easy 'co see by '
thc light in the eyes ci the m; a and 1
women that th* welcome was from tho ,
heart: The Professor sa v. and felt it.
His sermon was one ot' great ability
and beauty of diction and vas deliv?
ered with earnest elc*p.u.nce. in his i
seimon he said- "I was- honest. ? j
thought we were light, and put my !
:< ll, of money, power and influence,
into the Confederacy. Hut the Con?
federacy ig gone; ilia fia'orv eccs
sioK is exploded; slavery is dead, and
1 am content. C-od a?v we needed
I punishment and discipline, and lian
disciplined and punished us. I think
we sliall now he a i> tier, hippier,
i and moro progressive people than
! heretofore." ?
i REVIVAL OF Romr.'; or 'fr AV LL.
Weare advised thal the Vv iimingtoi:,
j Charlotte and llnfchert'ord Uaiiroad
i will be fully repaired and opeio 1 for
trail 1 ? during the prc en1 or early
i m.'x? week. This work Sn: ? been pro
I s-cuted with commendable, m-rgy, an I
I the re-opening of thu road will throw
I into the hands of our mete! ian t's a large
i am.cant ol' product ?ha: Las for moro
than a year la en awaiting a market,
and so htimulato thu business of the
j. Th.- Charleston papers contain iii
.advertisement .?!' tho to-op^ner of
! tho N- e-?h-oastern Railroad i uro ? ;'. ?
? who! length.
i The Wilmington an?3 Manchester
? Road, connecting with the alu.ve ;.;
j Florence, and forming the old e-.la
I hlished llirough route between ?his
j city and the South, will he fully re
. pair il and re-ope'jo.l to tile publie
ahftut thirty days. A veiw Loge force
lol" worxmeii is employed upon ti;:.
line, and no t :1brt s ar< . being spared
: to expedite its completion.
A notice appears elsewhere in.this
vapor, calling a mooting of the sit ?ok
' holders of the Wilmington and Weldon
'Railroad Company, preparatory to
! putting them in a position n> receive
i their line hack fr. un the < iovt nunent.
; We understand, thal the Government
j has signified its readiness to tum this
' road over to the company wb i v ?:?
? the company shall be i.jualiiieit, nuder
, the terniii of tho Amnesty Proclama
' tiou, to receive it.
j Thus, probably within s:x!y days a! |
farthest, all ..ur lines of travel will bc ;
re-established, and Wilmington willi
! once more be upi > : i the gr. at high wa V ?
j from the North to thc South, ami .ai I
the line over which the great through i
I mails are transported. Thus will our i
! business receive a new impefu . and j
i prosperity 'indee? 1 will dawn upon us.
I \VitmiHii1.hi Il'eruiW.
Xi'.w YORK ('?TV ASA RustnExci?.
j The New York Tiiifs is making some
; ugly confessions iii regari,*to the city
I in which it is planted. Ct says:
! To the great body of mechanics,
; craftsmen, artizans, workingmen and
i laborers-to the vast, and dominant
? multitudes whose earnings range 1'rom
1 ten to eighteen and fwenty dollars a
j week-in other words, to four-fifths of
I its entire population-New York fur?
nishes the worst, place of residence in
; America- -the worst as regards suitabh
household apartments, the worst as
rega??s health for udult^and children,
as regaros streets and markets, sup
; plies and economy, air and eleanline: -.
j anti ns regards the preservation "?
public and domestic mora'.-. We do
: not p. ai. afc tl i ; time of tho* sirjo;.
and sliini !, and cellar. Lt which the
lowest forms of depravity fester and
The Pittsburg Post suya tlvere is a
well known resident of. that city who
is seventy years of age, and has a phy?
sician's certificate that he has not been
?jober for forty years. .
We 'nave been request. <\ to etate that tbrv
P.ov. Mr. Pringle will officiate to-niorrow
(Sunday) iu Llio BaptistgChurch. Thc con?
gregation >.: Christ Church, ibo couRi-etca
tioii usually worshipping in Unit house, ?:nj
thc publie .". ncVally, arc invited ty attend.
Lou t bc deceived by th-.' oil fashioned
bonnet attached to 31ra. Bmith'a advertise?
ment. Just jjo and s.-e ncr uo.v .?toca il'
jeckies. etc. ._.
Tfe would inferna our friendn throu;?:i iii-j
npp?;r part cf tho Stat", that, cur ryyair-rly
authorised ar-o.it, Mr. i". P. Pumo, will vi? ..;
Newberry and Greenville Court tloufs., nest,
wtek, .. n basiuess connected with ti:
Pkctiii?jc, and will iv-ceivo and receipt ter
T.> Invite attention to the adrertireu?cn?
cf new goods, just opened by >.:.-. Cantwell,
in Ecdeii'fi row. If Mr. C. keeps up hia-old
reputation, of which WP have no doubt, I::.-i
**6ur old friend. .Tchr. hie?.! : i advwtisft-,
To TTAV?U.J::--C. V. Pool's hack line
connects wi vii tu :.?:; > Hope Station, ira
mediately ?;...;>?< tho r.rd-.sl of the down
tv dn, " nd .viii co:"e. passengers safely a cl
security t'1 Columbia: it will alnc earrvpas.
:>en gc rs from Columbia* to 1 Sta; >jt,. >ix
time to toko tho train tin s.imo day fa
Ti:.. .'. M. P.V?.MZX.- I'he numerous
friPtid-i of Dr. Benjamin M. Palmer, in thia
notice of hil reccptien 0:1 hi.? return t.. tin?.
iSiurch, ivith that
iar foin., of ol. -?uor.-e,
,2 ami dllV'tVi'; i hi
17th.) were v.
><>:. apuarciit tn;
Poi tor nail i-.-i u?
a 11(1 subdue.! ill;
With :>n i'm mhb r
how of pron: ino wi
with p-xn.li i pi::
: - wal of rin- co?,
hiviv aliud. 1 to ti
t..at tu . - v.a iriaw ami H'Xil >?-.:.>
Would bo s-- far sanctified as to lit*]
o r than cv-?-- before for the ?.?> .-.;
dude.? of a ?i .sp.-1 in'uii*t--r. ' Ile l
death h ot vlhlb-i bis ?il.cs. In.Ul. an
:-.l?.-.iii<-il to the "n! theme, all heat
nu tt,..-i1 Ami the i.-Atcrs e..sh?-.! forth
TAXATION IN YUK Spurn.- Hew
taxers shall i ?>\\i!!o..-r.< d in the Southern
States, untii the distress occasioned
hy the ?.var is i:t some measfav all ev i
ated, is a sulrje. t '.'< at already excites
sume iitifuirv. The Philadelphia
North Am r?e,,!,, having her<-tofore
laid considerable stress upon tue n??
cessite o'.'- oroeeeiiing at-once to make
Ihi^S .'?vii' pay her'full share ?f the
natu mai debt and oxp< uses ol' carrying
i;n the Government. now "asks the
attention ol' lV-iiecihig u-.cn to the ob?
stacles which seem to interfere wi-h
this policy and wi sieh ive stiould
strive to overcome, ns well for our
? ?wu nuke it s for that of our common
ci lani ry. " Our cotemporn ry assists in
the examination by specifying some of
these obstacles, such as the sii.--jicn.--c
in which thc tide to all ?anded proper?
ty is involved v tho Confiscation Act ;
tho terrible luivoe of war; the desola?
tion caused by armies sud guerillas;
the exact ion-; ol' tho Confederate Go
verum,ait. eic. Thal thc condition
shall not become more aggravated,
President Johnson is urged to prohib?
it, under severe penalties, all seizures
ut the properly of civilians, except
under due'process of law. The editor
.-ays: ""Wc have looked in vain for
some ( Hort to show how, under all
these way:, of pauperization and im
poreriditneul. the South can bo
brough! to a condition to sustain lier
?h?reof lim burdens of taxation. No
j one e\en makes the effort to show that
sucha nsult cnn be reached by such
means.'' Auyusf't CoiisHttitioiiatist.
The vertebral m k bones of the as-'
.-..ts.-in John Wilkes booth, which were,
shattered by the pistol bullet that
caused ins .kath, uri- now on exhibi
! Hon anio!!.:-,- the other surgical euriosi
? ti. sot the war, at the Army Medical
j Museum, in Washington, D. C.
j Dogs in Tc-xu .. are trained hy put
I ting them with the sheep when they
are blind puppies and roaring them
with the lambe. The dogs arc re?
gularly fed at a certain hour in the
evening, and so never fail to bring tho
flock in at Iho right time.