Newspaper Page Text
? Ulli IJ ?.?.VU 1 T ' 1 11 ?!? ?l?IIIIIIIH??IIM
Thursday Morning1, Aug-. IO, 1S85.
When bees lose their queen, the
?whole Live is thrown into confusion.
They all quit work and run hither and
thither without awy apparent aim or
object. They seem to lose their
senses, or, to speak more correctly,
their proper instincts. Ants, too, are
thrown into the same disorder when
their hills are rudely broken into.
They are called a "wise folk" in the
inspired volume, but on stich occa?
sions they appear to lose all of their
wisdom. We have recently witnessed,
in these Southern States, says thc
Richmond Times, an exhibition of the
same character among the laboring
class of the South. The hitman hive
lost their head, the African ?int hill
was broken into, and from hive and
hill the swarming thousands poured
in confusion. Chaos i? scarcely a
word strong enough to describe their
condition. The idea of freedom, free?
dom from labor and restraint, with all
the vague visions of happiness it in?
spired, acted upon them like so mindi
exhilcratiug gas. lt set them to run?
ning about, jumping and gesticulat?
ing. The plantations upon which
they and their forefathers were accus?
tomed to work were abandoned, their
homes desolated. Packed down with
all their worldly goods, they-filled the
public: highways leading to our cities.
All sc .ned bound "for the happy
land of Canaan." Scattered, con?
fused, unemployed and homeless, they
soon found that labor, so much dread?
ed by man, is maids greatest blessing.
It is his capital, his money, his bread
and meat, his home, his source oi
comfort and happiness.
A few months have passed, and in
the lapse of that time a marked ( bange
has taken place. Pilgrim negroes m
longer throng the thoroughfares lead
ing to our cities, and no longer occupy
the street corners, the unbuilt lob
and the cellar-caps in the cities am
towns. They appear to have settlct
down. Chaos has been reduced ti
order, and the wandering tribes hav<
found resting places. Many of thc
negroes have returned to their forme.
t homes and gone to work, finding by ;
bitter experience that freedom with
out labor is nothing but freedom ti
starve. Others, influenced by a vagu
apprehension that their title to free
dom would be incomplete and unsatis
factory so long as they remained wit]
their former owners, have sought ?un
found employment with others. Man;
unable to provide for themselves hav
been taken in hand by provost mai
sh;ds and officers of the Freedmen'
Bureau, and have either been hire
out pr provided with quarters nut:
they can be permanently settled. 1
is seldom now that the eye falls upo
a traveling negro, loaded down like
pack mule, with his goods and chai
teds, and in quest of ii new homo. Th
great bulk of them appear to be sn;
plied with lodging places. But th
warm season is rapidly passing awn}
Spring has been succeeded by sun
mrr, and summer will soon ba io
towed by autumn. Then the rigorot
winter, with its blasts and snows, wi
come upon us, and the troubles of tl
negroes will begin in earnest. Tl
fruits, vegetables and fish which no
afford them a chea}) subsistence, wi
be gone, and solid meats AN ill have 1
be purchased. The genial sunshin
which warms the world without cos
will no longer be felt, and for sev?
long and dreary months fuel will lia
to be bought. Happy those who c?
provide themselves with it. It is
be feared that great numbers of tl
emancipated negroes w ill be unable,
do so. and will have to shiverthrou/
the h>ng, cold season, with few blan
ets and no fuel. We ure all alik
poor here now. The whites find
almost impossible to take care
themselvi s, and are altogether anal
to assist the colored people, howev
much they may desire to do so.
the Government does not provide }
them, either by furnishing fuel, or
keeping up steady fires at certain si
tiona, day and night, their conditi
-vt}) b . deplorable indeed.
Plantations and Crops.
A correspondent, writing ns from
the two Edistos, in Oraugeburg and
Barnwell District?, says:
The corn crop::, with some excep?
tions, are generally good. There will
be enough made, 'perhaps, to support
the country. There is little or no cot?
ton planted. I have seen but two
fields on the whole of my route; in
these the cotton looks well, though
not large, and is bolling tolerably well.
If it gets the adequate work, those
fioMs will turn out respectably, as in
days of old. But I perceive that
nearly all thc corn is laid by in grass.
Grass spreads everywhere. In many
plantations, large tracts of corn have
been abandoned wholly, lacking the
necessary labor. In these fields, the
planters can hope for nothing, and
tiny- will be converted into pastures.
To attempt to gather the small quan?
tity of corn and fodder, would cost
more labor, if it could bo had, than
would bo repaid by the production. 1
find a great deal of discontent anion;:
tho planters and the freedmen. Tin
former complain that the latter onl\
work as it suits their humor; that thej
are continually breaking away fron
work on the smallest pretexts, alic]
leaving the crop to its fate. Iji most
of the contracts between theplautors,
the fodder c rop, for example, hasbeoi
reserved wholly to the planter, lb
owns the stoek, mules, horses am
cattle, and has to provide for thor
food; ?md the fodder was essential t<
this end. The freedmen, having n<
interest in this article, work languidly
at stripping and curing it. if no
stripped and eared at tho right season
it becomes worthless. The work goo
on so badly that the danger is that ;
large portion ?d' tin- fodder will b
lost. Tho work of revend hauch
several days, will not. I am assured
yield enough fodder to feed tho oatt!
for a week, lu many eases, the freed
mon refuse to strip fodder altogether
They are sullen, ?ire perpetually con
I plaining, and daily thc: provost court
are crowded with complaints, on on
j part or thc: other. Where the encanrf
ments of thc soldiers an: to be foum
tho trouble is tho greatest. The con
plaints against tho soldiers aro em
less. They an: said to enter the fru
orchards, the melon patches, the om
fields, and help themselves uti Writ mi
and all expostulation is unavailing.
1 could report ?cores of cases
sort, wher?? tho proprietors ave a.
entirely shorn of ali means of sup]?
No plantation is secure from trespas
In sotm4 precincts they enter tl
ground.--, gardens, kitchens, and eve
dwellings, without any regard to pr
pricty or thc: rights of property; an
perhaps, the only remedy wiil 1
lound in tho submission of af&davi
to the heads nf department ut Was
ington, describing truly the comillie
of the country. All ex ?Kirie stal
mon?s are to be received with caut?n
but facts duly certified are irresistibl
and will make themselves felt at Wa?*
ington, and through thc Norther
presses, which are constantly lill
with most reckless statements in \
gard to the progress of events.
Steady Progress cf the Extincti
of the Black Race.
WASHINGTON, July 2f>.- All the :
counts which reach here from t
South show that there are two can
operating in all the Southern Stat
which will not only prevent ne-;
suffrage as a fixed institution, 1
which will also dissipate' the' Utopi
dreams which have been indulged
by those theoretical and false friei
of tho negro who know nothing of
real capabilities or the actual reepii
ments of his nature. These e au
are: The' alarming and terrible ni
tality among the negroes, and
steady increase of the introduction
white laborers, who are rapidly tak
the place of negro laborers. The
tire change in the habits and mode
life which sudden emancipation
brought upon the negro; their fi
propensity for idleness; their Imbi
congregating together in vast m
hers, in places where they cannot
tain subsistence; their,iilthy aud lie
tious habits, and their utter inabi
to take: care of themselves, are cai
ing them off, in every State, by th
s aids, every week.
The planters, thus left. destitute
agricultural laborers, would have s
their own families starve during
coming winter, if they had m>t 1
able to secure white laborers from
North to take the place of the neg:
who lnive deserted them. A ste
stream of white laborers from
North, and from Europe, has, 1
ever, set in during the last tl
months; and tl lis iuiliix will cont,
to grow larger lor nine month
cennc.. All the second-class train:
the Baltimore' and Ohio Railroad,
ning te> Parkersburg, on thc: (
River, as well as those on the rad
I between tliis city and Richmond, just
j opened, are crowded with- Irish and
? German laborers. They are going
j down t!ie Ohio and Mississippi Rivers
I in steamboats, to vivrions points iti
I Tennessee, Mississippi, Alabama, Lou
I isiana and Arkansas, and to the inte
! lior o? Virginia, North Carolina and
WHITE E.VV.OREKS SCFEBSEDIXG NEGRO
L.W.oE AT THE SOUTH.
Even with their short experience-np
to thc present time, the planters lind
that they eau accomplish more with
ten white laborers than with forty
\ able-bodied negroes, and at one-tenth
] the expense with which they were for
I morly burdened. The example set by
? Gen. Howard in Maryland, of com?
pelling the planters to feed, clothe and
j support tlie aged and infirm negroes,
I and the young negro children left on
I their hands by their runaway slaves.
I under penalty of the confiscation of
1 their entire estates, may be followed
j by the military authorities in all the
Southern States. Rut that will only
alienate, the feelings of the people from
j the Government which permits such
acts, w'.iile it will neither prevent the
j superccdure of n gro labor by white
labor, nor hinder the certain ultimate
! extinction of the black race,
i THE Niiono iNc.uwnLE or eitoriTAKLE
VOLUNTARY LAI IOU.
j In the meantime, it is not impossi
I ble that negro suffrage may be intro
I duced to a limited extent in some of
j the Southern States, although it is
I not probable that it will be. The
I radicals are working day and night to
I accomplish this, sending fresh men on
here every few days; and they may
I possibly succeed in the next Congress
I although I do not think that they will
I But as the negro race in America is
i doomed to certain ultimate extinction,
this cannot, practically, amount to
I much. The radicals who come herc
! pretend not to believe this, and assert
I that there is a bright future before the
j negroes in the South, because they
can b? stimulated by the same 'mo
I tivesthat impel white laborers to pro
j vidence and industry. I did net sec
it. Those who have read history
j carefully know that it is not so. Tin
. negro is not impelled by the sana
I motives that influence a white man.
j The whole history of the negro rac?
shows that he is incapable either o!
j self-government or of profitable velum
tary labor; and that, left to himself,
he bas luade no advancement, eithei
j iii civilization, art or science.
! TilE EXPERIMENT OE EUEE PLACE" LAP.ol
IN THE SOUTH A FAILURE,
i Look at the native African tribes ii
A/rica. Tiny are to-day wind the;
I were four thousand years ago. linn
j nine- naked in the woods, they ?ir
! continually at war with each other, soil
1 ing their captives as slaves and cathi;
their flesh. Where ure tho cities the;
have built? Where are the book
they have written? Where their sci
entitle inventions-? Whore their mi
numents and temples? Tiny hav
none-they have never had them. I
! is not so with any other race of m<
I on tho face of the earth.. Look a
play ti-settled even by civilized m
i grses->: republic in mime L'<>>- the la:
! twenty-two years. The island is a m
taral paradise-production is almo:
spontaneous-yet the Haytien liegi
of to-day is as ern.ie a-he was twenty
two years ago, and th y have prove
themselves to be ?is incapable of in
provement as the m .?, iv-inadc free?
men of tin South, ? ive black lal?
in the South will be found to be
miserable failure, unless it is DRU
compulsory, and then it will cease 1
i be free.
i WU AT THE MA.TOR-iil'.NERALS ARE il
l'E(TEl> TO 'no.
The Major-Generals commandii
j military departments will have litt
I military duty to perform in most .
j the States. Vet they ?ill have ene
j niotisly larne stall's and large bodies .
troops under their orders. They a
evidently expected to do somethin
What is' it? Can it ho that the tel
graphic order of General Thomas,
duly 21, in relation to Jnti?;?s cm'jt
in the case of bhnerson Etheridg
throws any light upon this qucstio
TAKE CAKE HOW Vol VOTE IN VliailXI
The Richmond Whig made its a
pearance here again yesterday, ?
the liichmond papers now maintain
very demure and subdued tone, ai
evidently stand in lear of military i
terference. Thc article in the l?iptthl
of yesterday, waining the people
vote in a manner that will be pleasii
to tho Government, is regarded
rather sarcastic; but that is a dangt
ons kind of sarcasm to indulge i
I The Republic tells its readers, in sn
stance, that if candidates distateful
I the Government arc elected, that t
i latter will adopt a harsh and rigorc
policy. It says: ''The Government
vv. hing tin: elections in Virgil
with great interest, and its policy v
be shaped by them. We wara t
people to take care how they vot<
a^rp-iiii.TKga--rtmm m nm \r m gar-W
In other words, vote for wh?m. you
please; but be" ?ure you vote for
the Administration candidates. This
would sound Tvoll in au Austrian or
Russian newspaper, or under an avow?
edly military government, such as that
in France, when Liouis Napoleon was
President and before he became Em?
peror. 3Jut, if it is not sareasm, is it
not a strange waining to be given
under a Republican Government?
RUMOR OF AX EXTENSIVE NEGRO E\'3LT.
There are some very painful rumora
in town in relation to a formidable
g aera] rising of the negroes in some
of tim Southern States. It is said that
there is a wide-spread conspiracy
among the blacks toiisesirnultaueous
ly on ?i given day and.to repeat the
bloody scenes of St, Domingo on a
seale that will blot out the memory of
that horrible massacre. The plot is
said to have sprung up and matured
within n month or two past, but the
design was not to strike the blow until
next December. It was thought by
the leaders that that length of time
was required in order to secure tim
entire success of thc atrocious design,
lt was not to be confined to one locali?
ty, but was to be made general all
over tho South. Yost numbers of
muskets and other weapons are said
to have* been provided, and the ne?
gro? s seem to have been persuaded
into the belief that they wove numer?
ous enough to make a clean sweep of
the whole country, und to carry every?
thing before them. The pretext with
which the bailors sought to stir up
the ignorant blacks was that the pro?
mise ot' the ballot mudo to thom was a
mere sham; that there never was any
intention on the part ol' the Govern?
ment to give them the ballot, or the
right to vote; that the Governmc
inti lided to keep up a large militar
force in tho South, in order to keep
them in subjection and make them
work; ?iud that in consequence of being
forced to work, they were as r?nch
slaves now as ever before. They seem
to have bern deluded with the iden
that their condition would be greatly
bettered if they could remove their
former masters by violence and take
possession themselves of the planta?
tions ?md other property. No steps
have yet been talion to arrest even thc
ringleaders; but the plot hus boon
divulged to the authorities, and it is
to be hoped that measures will li;
taken to prevent tho outbreak.
AN INSViatECTJON WOCLD ONLY HASTIO
THE rcxTEKMi:?CATI?N UV THE KLACKS.
Such an outbreak, however, may Ix
looked for at almost any time witliii
the next live years. Siu-li feelings uta
sentiments among the .blacks, us tin
legitima*e consequences of the touch
tugs that have bei a in-dulled into tia
negro mind by Hie pestilent Abolition
ist, ever since the war begun. "Wh?
it <?oes take place, it will be spa'',lil;
repressed, but then will commence,ii
earnest, the extermination of Hu
blacks, li" one white fa in ?ly is mur
dered by' negroes, ia u negro rising
the live.-; of a thoitsaud blacks will pu;
the forfeit of the crime. We lian
made pretty much of an -idol of th
black man. [f he is wise, he vii
adapt himself io his changed eondi
tiop. and settle down quietly to can
his living by hard work, as white mei
are compelled to th?, lt' he listens t
those who would hire him into plot
for the massacre of white people, !i
will onlv be hastening his- own ?loom
[<%rres?,otl<('-uw Xcr York AV?.*.
DESTITETION IN VntoixiA. A gen
tlenian, who has just returned from
tour through the counties of Stafford
Spottsylvnnia und Orange, Virgiuii
reports that ho found thc inhabitual
in a very destitnte condition, with n
money und very little of ?inythin
aside frbm the present crops. Th
corn crop, though not very extensiv
in acres, will he universally large i
yield, lt is thought that more cor
will be raised in proportion to tl:
number of acres planted than was ev?
before produced in that section of tl
State. Tin* common people ure wc
sutisiied with the termination of tl
war, and the ? ebel soldiers who hal
been longest in the ii.-ld appear toi
thc best sntisiied with the present coi
ilition of affairs. The preachers, cd
tors ?iud politicians ol' the old ''Stut<
Lights" school are tho only ones wi
still adhere to thc' idea of Southei
independence. In many instances e
rebel lieutenants, captains, majors ai
colonels ?n e engaged in tilling the so:
who, before the war, would have co
sidered such un occupation degradin
. -,- ti-- ?
A vicious cat in Somersett, Pen
sylvania, which delighted in killii
young birds, was recently attacked I
si.v or eight robins, the latter ha\ii
combined their torees for the purpc
of revengo. The contest was vp
short, the cat having her eyes pick
out, and receiving such other injur:
ab io caus>e death, soon nf ter.
Our readers ou Arsenal Hilt eon now pro?
cure their supplies of groceries, etc., with?
out .thc asnal wear and tear of shoe h atlicr,
Mr. Pratt Inivint; opened a, store in Assem?
bly street, ne.ir lli-hh'nd.
Messrs. Ken'.: rh & Gib*. ?Cl ;.. J *s P. >w.
have, wc believe, the largest stock of goods
for sale in the city-in fact, almost anything
from a pair pf scales to a indi-'..' enl! ni.
Doubters are invit ?d to call, sec and "ne eui.,
DEATH O? A CITIZEN.-We regret m K arn
that a triter was received by ile.- family yes?
terday, from a funner resident of '.his etty,
statins that the Rev. S. Towns? nd di- .1 "in
Philadelphia, on the :30th ult imo, from an
attack of billions fever. "Jr. fown-end w.vj
known ami appreciated in this community
for las business qualifications.
LIMESTONE Si ai:-, .s FEMALE Sea. ve.. Tho
render will Iv pleased to see tier, this ad?
mirable school, nuder tho officient manage?
ment of thc able proprietor, Dr. Cartis, i *
about t'> resume operations, lt needs only
that wc should dm .v public attention tn t.he
fact. Tie Mip. >.: ,!. merits of this institu?
tion are v..i w -ll :nid widely known to re?
quire any ionia.eut.
A '"'ruins; TY FOB li ARN I'M.- If a ny of our
readers have tiny particular admiration for
the great showman, they would .lo well to
secure for his new museum a colored man
who appeal's on ourstrei ta every day, willi
more toes than tho law allow.*, viz: six ?n
each foot. Wi- suppo.-e he could ?>.: ''bought
Our citizens are under groat obligation-'
to Messrs. Durbec A Walter for th. ir ear?
nest and suce? ssi'iil efforts tn retai d;-. as far
as possible, the postal d?ficient:"?. Mails
for nea riv every section a ri- made up at their
office, and they daily receive hundreds of
li tters. All of this vari:, lie Lt. remembered,
is done without compensation- their sole
object being e> accommodate the public.
Their office is ipiitc a sio.-dl une, "mit a large
amount of business is transacted in it -not
univ in the postal, but the unction linc.
Persons uxpectim,' letters, after giving
Messrs. 1). .v \V. a cult, wi mid do w. ;! to
call at the Shiver Meuse. Messrs. '/.< dy,
Scott A Drnus, and the |".^t ofli.-o in the
The following is u list of letters remaining
at the Shiver House: F. IT. Tri'iibohn. J. p..
Coh. u 2, J. Pringle Smith, J,. P. Moses, W.
Connor, "..ibert Crardiuer, Mrs. t'. M. Choves
;!, Mrs. George Chisolm 2, Mrs. Arthur P.
Havre, Mrs. IA (i. Doi' mtahu:, Mrs. John
S. Pr, -;..a. Mrs. Arthur M. Maui-.rtiult. Mrs.
E. II. Shaekelford.
NEW AnvEr.THEMr.NTs. - A: tea*'.en is'-illed
to the following adv rtisei tents, which are
published for the fir ?' time th's morning:
Wm. -I. < ?ayer ?? hiv i cuva t 'i i ims. etc.
Ora'igehitvg'and Columbia S we Pine.
Mesar-. Whited Thomson -Mah- School.
!'. A. l?i?chiinan -Thurm", 'c. for Sale.
.iae..J? Levin-P.e.vc" a rl Ihvniess.
. '.'?o. J,. Pratt-(?recortes,
Win. Curtis- Penni iv High School.
Darbi ? .v Walter-Furniture, cte.
C. S. Jenkin'*" Store -Assembly Street.
Simons'A Kerrison -Copartnership. .
Xonr.r. BEQUEST.-Mr. Ephraim M.
l?ayuarci, :: highly esteemed and noble
hearted citizen, one of the oldest and
most successful planters <m Iv.listo
Island, died very recently, leaving tho
generous and mugnificeut bequest of
ono hundred :u:d sixty-six thousand
dollars, in city six per cont, stock, for
tho benefit of tho Charleston College.
This liberal gift for the cause of
education reflects more brilliancy on
the generous doma' wi icu the present
condition and wants of our education?
al institutions ere remembered. Oar
youths have susttrined ti heavy loss in
the suspension of the Charleston Col?
lege, and wc hope to soon see it re?
stored to its former usefulness under
the guidance of its beloved President,
N. Russell Middleton, and the asso?
ciate profe: soc--, in that cherished in?
stitution of learning which lats been
so long the pride and boast of our
etty. - Charleston 1 '< airier.
THE Gums or ENGLAND. -A corres?
pondent of th? Now York Times, de?
scribing what he saw at an English
"Thefe isa startltng abundance of
fine, bold, handsome English girls,
who throw the long tn esses of their
abundant i dach hair to the breezes to
dry after the morning bath, as a cor?
sair might throw her black Hag to the
winds. There may have laen a time
when English girls wcie shy or timid.
We read of bashful maidens in ancient
song and romances. But in ibis fast
age they have got very bravely over it,
and the British maiden of the present
day looks thc enemy full in thc face,
as if she had nothing to lear, and
might have something to hope. It is
the men who are sheepish. They aro
in tho minority, and fight shy accord
ingly. The women are having it their
own way, and now th.it Mr. Mill is
elected to Parliament, they hope soon
to be a power in the l?tate.
Madame Kossuth, the wife of the
famous Hi-ngrvir.:-. Isador, has died a;
Cfonon, after tan years ilhi?>:s