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Moiiay Homing, August 14,1865.
The rabid portions of the Northern
or, properly, the Abolition press are
exercising ; themselves very 'painfully
in regard to ,a certain speech of ^]ro
verj|r>r Perry, made to his friends
and neighbors in Greenville, prior
^to his appointment as Provisional
^' Governor. ?Thg papers thus blatant
are, in fact, very anxious to keep
the Souther i States out of the Go
; vemnient, out of Congress, out of
power and place, though not out of
the Union. They seek to monopolize
the power in Congress, that they may,
without impediment, appropriate the
. Spoils. To keep the South as a sa?
trapy", or a collection of satrapies; to
absor'. their profits, and tax them to
the uttermost, as conquered provinces,
is then* object. The insane, portions
of this press, laboring at negrophilism
pei' se, aim at giving * suffrage to the
negro, assuming that they will possess
*he e vchisive power of directing his
vote. Such are the objects of *he
" creatures who make outcry about the
speech of Gov. Perry. What was the
character of this speech? We made
our comments upon it at the period of
its firstapublieation. It was a mild,
temperate and sensible publication,
which, while it aimed to re-establish
public confidence in the Union, de?
clared the proper individual sympa?
thies of the speaker for the South and
his own sectiou. < And all this was not
only eminently proper and becoming,
but it was necessary, to secure a sym?
pathetic hearing on the part of his
audience. Hjs own individual record,
as a Unionist, was, perhaps, the most
unexceptionable of any man in Caro?
lina. He had opposed, with pen and
. ink, and plea and argument, every
effort atf secession from 1832 to 18G0.
And it was with deep regret that he
"teheld the final consummation of the
act. . But, when the deed was done,
no alternative remained to him but to
support his State. To this, according
to all our teachings, from the era of
'76, his allegiance was due. There
was but one Government. The Go?
vernment de facto was not to be ques?
tioned, nor was he, nor any man in
the South, prepared to doubt that, by
the organic laws of the American Con?
federacy, it was also a Government
ile jure* ? Our maxim was-and such
was the faith of the whole American
people, including Mr. Lincoln him?
self, down to the present day of new
lights-that all Government derived
its legality from the consent of tho
governed. In the case of South Ca?
rolina, this conviction was unanimous
and Gov. Perry, though doubting and
denying the necessity or the policy oi
secession, was yet prepared to submil
to the decision of his entire people.
Such was his ease. And when th?
same*power commanded his sou to thc
field, every sentiment of the mind
every feeling of the heart, confirmee
the opinion which made it a duty t<
render himself to his country, regard
less of his own peculiar opinion!
touching necessity "and policy. Liki
considerations compelled him, as ?
good citizen,^ accept office, whoi
called upon, under" the Gowrnment o
the .Confederate States. Such is tin
case of Gov. Perry; ?#d any magnani
mous enemy will recognize, in hi
speech, the utterances of a true man
sorrowing for much, but faitlifn
through all to his convictions of duty t
State and country-to the conviction
df his political fife and the tradition
of his youth. It is a subject of cora
plaint with his assailants that his sui
mission was not that loyalty which i
born of faith and love. Though
Unionist and opposed to secession
Gov. Perry was not insensible, nc
blind, to the wrongs done to his peer
liar section by the aggressions of th
North, continued for fully thirt
years. 'His allegiance was to tl
Union, and not to the North. Tl
war- has substituted the North for tl
i--'- '. .1 ; dj**-!
-y>V.\\ Sr. ?. .'? ; :- Vi.?..v,-. .?\,
Union; and thia distinction the^North
refuses, to behold. The . same' party
which, two hundred years ago, allot?
ted the earth to the saints, and claimed*
tobe the saints, now assume that the"1
Union was made for themselves; Gov;
Perry place6F the Gooifcitution before
the Union, according to the teachings
and practice of the days of "1776. He
""ooked upon the Constitution as the
bond and safe-guard for all the States^
and simply submits to a necessity
when he yields to the supremacy of
tho Union at the very moment when
he beholds the subversion of the Con?
stitution. He frankly yields submis?
sion; and when such a man, so con?
sistent in his whole record of life,
does this, he is far better to be relied
upon for his good faith in the fulfil^
ment of all his pledges, in the main?
tenance of his obligations, than those
sleek creatures of a capricious time,
who are prepared to make any pjedgos,
to be enthusiastic in all manner of
professions, " regardless of right or
principle, reason or justice. Ho is no
Vicar of Bray, to sing pions to the
ascendant power, without any heed to
the justice of his nile. His case and
argument nmst necessarily, though in
qualified degree, represent those of
his people" generally. It is idle to
deny the fact that the great body of
the people of South Carolina were* out
and out secessionists; for any con?
siderable party, or any numbers of
men, holding their faith to the Union,
when the State seceded in 1800, ^he
assertion is an absurdity a?s well as a
falsehood. There were' but few, very
few, voices of opposition, and his W?S
one Of them-one of the most earnest
and truthful-but it was a voice deliver?
ed in the wilderness. It had few echoes,
and was not listened to. There arc
many who are now verv eloquent in
declaiming their consistent faith and
great sacrifices, and these have gene
i rally found their , reward in degree
I with the loudness of "their declarations.
We freely declare that not one of these
noisy declaimers was ever heard in
opposition. They gave neither plea
noi*protest, when the State was ul ?out
to withdraw .from the confederacy.
They accepted the event with a charm
ing resignation, which did not reject
the profits,of the new condition ol
things. We freely declare that thej
made no sacrifices, whether of faith 01
fortuup. For a cunning people, til?
Northern people have shown them
selves exceedingly simple iu so readilj
yielding credence to the assurances <>
these persons. They have been gullet
egregiously. Gov. Perry was not o
this class. Nobody here, had air)
doubts of his position. He, was point
cd atas notoriously one of the tex
hmm fiele Union men pf the country
which could not easily have munberei
a dozen men besides in the same cate
gory. That he should feel with hi
people-that ho should suffer humili
ation from seeing his State drive:
back by the scourge and sword int
the Union, ruined, impoverished, wit,
onA-half of her noblest sons p< rishin
in the field in vain-is not at all incor
sistent with his Unionism. He shani
weej) over these, sorrows, over th
shame of his^people's subjugation, an
yet feel that the Union is an inevit:
ble destiny, to which wisdom counsel
"a patient submission. He accords th
submission for his people-counsels
-demands it-and will keep his fait!
though measurably enforced; and 1
may be trusted. No man can moi
safely be trusted than one who frank:
declares his griefs at his country's coi
dition-makes no concealment of h
regrets at the character, of the even
which coerce: it-yet oilers himself ?
an instrument to repair all breachc
where possible, and to reconcile h
people to a submission which, thous
full of mortification, is yet essential
their future peace, .safety, prosper!
and strength. A magnanimous co
queror will readily understand h
position, and feel his own security
the faith of a party thus frankly ?1
daring his feelings and sympathi
along with his pledges of loyalty. Ai
these pledges of loyalty nmst not 1
construed to imply a mere slavish sn
mission to a conqueror. He must
true to his people, even while he i
mains faithful to his Government,
the Government be true, this fideli
to his people is really one of the iii
conditions of his office. How shou
he be true to his Government
the: Government of his people
not true to them? None, but t
base and selfish will require that
should be otherwise, or distrust tl
loyalty which speaks lovingly to 1
people in the moment of their mt
di^afe'trous overthrow and despend?
?.. i -.. ats -:?.%??
. \; ' - . .,
'Sm I II wi Un'" ' i ?j -? g j ? "i .J.."
cy. How should "We tolerate Governor
Perry-wftwho were all secessionists
tjonld he speak otherwise? v^riefly, ;
the Government of the United States,
now that it has inevitably become a
consolidated empire, is better assured
in the fidelity of Gov. Perry- and the
people of South Carolina-onSb bak?
ing, the oaths of allegiance-than it
j ever can be in tue case of those North?
ern factions Who have kept the coun?
try in hot water for thirty years-are
! still clamoring with new births, of
faction, and coolly threatening seces
' sion themselves, if not permitted to
shape Government their own way,
after their own perverse fashions.
I It is stated that there are several
j self-appointed agents engaged in the
very laudable business of collecting
j funds for the destitute Southerners.
"Wonder if the collectors won't have
! the lion's share? The better plan'
I would be for those charitably disposed
! to son il their contributions to the Go?
vernors of thc several States, or to
parties authorized to receive the same.
By a private letter received yester?
day, we are informed that Mr. .Tames
j McBryde, an old and respected mer?
chant and for many years postmaster
at Abbeville, died in that village on
the 11th inst.
THE DAVIS MEETING TN NEW YOKK.
Tho mooting recently hold in New
York, for the ostensible, purpose of
raising funds and taking other stops
to secure to Mr. JDavis a fair trial
before a c#vil court, is exciting thc
Northern journals. They abound in
the sworn account of eaves-droppers
and others to tho ''treasonable'-'
remarks of thCpersons engaged in it.
What motives prompt the parties we
cannot certainly say, but thoir object
b ing \nnocent and worthy, we are
disposed to think well of their motives.
WATERFALLS ABE TO HE ABOLISHED.
A Paris correspondent writes thal
"frizzles, short curls and rats," an
likely to reign, pre-eminent, but thc
fiat of tho Empress abolishes Water?
falls; naughty scandal says because
she is getting a little-a very little
bald, and to conceal it rushes to tin
extremity of having the back hair tc
dc*duty by being brought up and ovoi
to tho front.
The Greet Eastern, when hist hoare
from, on tho 28th ultimo, had payee
emt four hundred and fifty miles o
? the cable. Thc Now York JXnws think
J she has probably arrived at Heart'
j Content, and would have' been hoare
; from but fen- the breaking ol' the New
Foundlanel submarine cable.
Oflhial estimates at tho War Dc
j parfcment compute the nnmber e;
j deaths in the Union armies, since th
commencement of the> war, at tim
hundred and twenty-five thousand
There hus, doubtless, been fully t\v
hundred thousand Sontheim soldier
removeel by discase? and the casualtie
of battle, sei that not less than liv
hundred and twenty-five thousan
live>s have been sacrificed in? this coi
Tho gremtc.-.t Union losses durin
any eme? campaign occurred at Getty!
burg, when 23,207 soldiers were killoe
wounded uuel taken prisoners. Hool
er's campaign of 1863; in the Wilde:
ness, ranks next to Gettysburg as fi
as regareis Union losses, they haviu
amounted to^0,000, though general]
reported at only 10,000. -Burnside* le>:
2,000 in thc battle of Fredericksburj
McClellan 11,426 at Antietam, Porte
9,000 at Gaines' Mills, Reise ne-rai:
12,085 at Murfreesboro, and 10,851 ;
Ohickamatiga. and Sherman aboi
9,000 in thc two days' battles arour
Atlanta. The official re ports of Gen
ral Grant's hisses from the time 1
crossed the Rapidan until receivii
the surrender e>i Leo, compute the*
at 9*0,000. In tlu> various engag
monts fought by General Grunt in tl
West, he le>st 13,573,men at Pittsbu:
I.anding, !?,S75 in the severe contes
around Vicksbui'g, auel in the attae
on Missionary Ridge about 7,000.
LETTEI?S ron TI/E SOUTH.-Herer.ft
all letters addressed te> post offices
the South which have not boe n i
opened since the commencement
the Avar will be forwarded to re-open
offices nearest the ones for which th
are designed, to remain, if they a
not nreviously called for, uutil of?ic
to winch they are addressed shall
again in operation.
Political science will be' much, sim- j
plified in the. United States by the ?
elimination from it of the question of I
.African : slavery;., with all the vast j
quantity of learned rubbish that had j
accumulated, in the-progress' of time. |
The nice distinctions, the-#fine-spun
'theories, the history of legislation on !
the subject, the antecedents, votes, j
opinions ana speeches of publie men, I
the jurisdiction of Congress over
slavery tin the District of Columbia j
aiid in the forts, dock-yards and other j
places owned or held by the Govern- j
ment, the question of squatter-sove?
reignty, and all the other difficult and ;
perplexing questions* to which the in?
stitution of shivery gave birth, are j
now finally solved, and will, or ought i
to, disappear from the political arena, !
What boots it now, whether this pub?
lic man ^eld one dogma, or that j
public man maintained another dogma, !
in reference to? slavery. Slavery has .
gone, and with it the necessity of can- j
vassirfg the votes and sentiments of.
politicians on the subject. The deluge
came, it is now passing away. When ?
the waters entirely subside and the i
dry land fully appears, we hope it. will j
reveal the complete annihilation of all ?
this learned lumber. v When the anti?
quary of a future period commences
Ms-diligent search for relics, he will
find no li\> subject, but he will be re- ,
warded amply when he digs np the !
<lusty and dissolving frame work of j
these once exciting subjects, just as j
the enthusiastic naturalist rejoices j
when he finds the skeleton of the j
mighty mastodon, or tho frame-work ?
yf sonni other animal that lived before !
the Hood. Butit will be an unfinished :
work, if, when the body has been de- !
stroyed and has disappeared from the
view, the spirit-the rancorous spirit ?
-should survive, to uourish sectional !
hate and to stimulate sectional hostili- j
ty. All the prejudice generated by I
tito conflicts over slavery will have to !
pass away before this work will be i
complete and thorough. This we do !
?not expect to occur at once, and in the
twinkliiig,of an eye. lt would be un?
reasonable to do so. The turtle and ?
the serpent feel the instinct to bite '
after the head and body have been |
separated. The habit of hating must
be expected for a.time to survive the ;
causes that inspired it, but for the ;
want of nourishment it will eventually !
die. When two combatants engage in
hattie, and one has the ill-htek to be
thrown down and beaten, all the ;
world over, the privilege of grumb?
ling is conceded to him. flo preva?
lent is this among men. that it hus
become a pro veil), To the defeated
belongs the prilcge of grumbling, and
to the "victor belongs fheaspoils."
The victor is supposed to he in a good
humor. He must bb vindictive in?
deed, if he continues sullen and re?
sentful. The North ought not to
expect thc South to rise from the
earth with a bright and smiling^ face,
with thanks ripon its tongue and hap?
piness wellin? up in its heart. Nor
should it insult ifs late adversary with
. taunts and jeers, or oppress it with
burdens grievous to bear. It should
be patient, gentle and generous; trust?
ing to time and kindly influences to
heal all wounds and bruises, to restore
eheerfuhiess'und to reinstate former
friendly -relations. On the other hand,
the South, having measured its
strength and found it inadequate, and :
being severely punished-positively j
overpowered and conquered, should !
rise up and put the best face possible \
upon the matter. She should confess ,
that she lost the battle, and witlrit all j
that she staked upon it -thai future i
terms are to be dictated not by her?
self, but by her late adversary. To
all this she should, and does, most dis?
tinctly, and without qualification, or
attempt at qualification, accede.
Ono thing more is necessary-it is that
she shall endeavor-to purge and expel
from her heart all malice and ill-will,
to discharge all the duties of good
neighboring, and to live on as plea?
sant terms as possible with the North.
When the? Northern and Southern
people can be prevailed upon to bear
and forbear, to banish hatred and ill
wilJ, and to cultivate kindly feeling
and kindly speech, then, and not until
then, will the reconciliation between
them be complete and the work of
reconstruction bc consummated.
. [Richmond Times.
It appears, from official data, that
the -receipts from customs, for the
quarter ending with March, wert
$20,519,000; internal revenue.- $65,
202,000; sales.of public lands, $162,
000; direct taxation, 852,700; miscel?
laneous," ?4,159,000; total, hi round
numbers, exclusive of loans, &c,
890,000.000. The totid expenditures
for the same time were $353,000,000.
i Why should there be more mar?
riages in winter than summer? Be
' cause in winter the gentlemen require
I comforters and the ladies muffs.
. To: insure insertion, advertisers aro rea '
quested to hand in their notices before 4
o clock p. m.
Letters intended for parties at the North
will be '?arried through, if left at this office
this norning. _
We are indebted to tho Orangoburg Stage
Company and thc Southern Express Com
panyfor copies of late Charleston, Richmond
und other papers.
"We leam that a smash-up occurred on the
np train of the Charleston Railroad, on
Friday last, which damaged a considerable
amount of goods on board -part of wki?h
belonged to merehai-ts of t&is city-"and
destroyed a car or two. No lives lost.
HEALTH OF COLUMBIA.-We would inform
our country friends that, notwithstanding
the reports circulated to the contrary the
health of Co'umbia-and it is proverbially
known as a healthy place-was never better
than-it is at present. The reports of conta?
gious diseases and numerous deaths are all
fallal. If ever Columbia is visited with such
misfortunes, thc Phnadx will chronicle it
promptly. So, if you want to keep posted
as to the hcnllii, uuu'?ebs, cte., of Columbia,
subscribe for "tin' bird." |
TnE PAUPER'S BUBIAI..-?he following
lines too truly delineate thc cold indiffer?
ence with winch the jioor remains of those
who ar.1 born to sutler and die arc huddled
iiito the grave:
Bury him there- .'
No matter where!
Hnstly him out of the way:
We have with such ?tuft',
Taxes and money to pay.
lTTlry him there- .
Nd matter where!
Off in some corner at host!
Therv's no need of stones
Above Af? bones,
Nobody'll ask where they rest."
Dury him there
No matter where!
None by his death are bereft:
Stopping to pray?
We still have enough ?>f them left!
N Ew ADV'EKTISEMENTS.-Attention is called'
to the following advertisements, which, arc
published for the first time this morning:
Schedule Spartanburg A- Union Railroad..
Tupper A Lance-Insurance Agency.
C. S. Jenkins-Ribbons.
Female College-Soire? Musicale. ',
Simons1 A Kerrison-Rice, etc.
Re-opening Theological Seminary.
Zealy, tlSStt A Bruns-Auction Sale,
o ' " *. -New Goods.
List of Letters remaining in Pox* O?.?ce.
Mrs. S. J. Cotchet?-Removal.
All accounts from England repre?
sent that country as being surfeited
by au accumulation of- unemployed
capital; looking anxiously I'm1 invest?
ment. Capital abhors repose as na?
ture abhors a vacuum. The den?
population of England tills up the
compas-; of its restricted territory,
llieie arc not, and cannot bc, Janus
enough in market there to appease for
a moment ?the appetite of capital.
Every acre .-Jmosf is occupied and
cultivated. Tho very agriculturists
themselves crave investments for their
surplus capital. Nearly sdi munches
of industrial pursuit-as commerce,
domest ic trades, mining and manufac?
tures'- -are oppressed by a plethora of
capital. Thc great leading business
of England is commerce, and it is to
tho interest of English capitalists so
to apply their capital as to extend the
aroa of commercial enterprise, and
quicken and multiply production iu
tnose countries with which their com?
merce is transacted. The Southern
States afford an alluring field for the
employment of capital-not only Eng?
lish capital, but French capital, Rus?
sian capital, or the capital of any
nat?o n or individual that pos^esres it.
The two great wants of the South are.
capital and emigration. With capital
and the proper sort of emigration,
the South will soon be in a situation
to pour its vast treasures-agricultu?
ral, mineral and commercial-into the
lap of the world, The most sagacious
capitalists, whether they be Northern
capitalists, English, French, or any
other capitalists, will be recipients of
the golden harvest now lying in abey?
' A French paper states that the
L'Avenir Nationale mad? an appeal to
the public on behalf of Lienteusut
Maury, who . has been completely
lTiined. by the American war, and*
whose health is mich, from over-work,
that it will not allow him to attend to
the wants of himself or Iiis family. A
committee, it is stated, representing
England, Russia and Holland, ha<?
been formed in London, for raising
subscriptkms on behalf of Lieutenant.
Maury. France, however, has not yet
participated in the work, but it was
only considered necessary to make an
announcement of the facts to promptly
All up the omission.
Ono thousand five htindreiTand four
National banks have been established
in the country. The amount of#-cur
rency issued to them up to Anguat
5th, wac 8lG5,7i>4,160.