THlEl iDAIIY4s >1-TE(NX.
DAILY PAPER $10 A YE AR. "LET OUR JUST CENSURE A TTl'XJ) THE TRUE EET TSakspear. TBI-WE EKLY 7 A YEAR.
By J. E. SELBY. COLUMBIA, S. C., MOlfDAY MiGRNIN, JULY 31, 1865. VOL, 1.--NO. 10 o
IS PUBLISHED i ?
BAILY AND TRI- WEE KL F.
BY JULIAN A. SELBY.
TER JifS-IN A I) VA N CR
Daily Taper, six. months.$5 "00 *
Tri-Weeklj-,. " " t.;*> 50
Weekly, . " " .'J 00 I
Singlo copies of th? Daily ami Tri-Wocldr, ,
10 couts; ol' tho Weekly, 15 cenes.
Inserted in cither thc Daily or Tri-Weekly at j
SI per square for thc tu'st" insertion, and 75
-cents for each subsequent insertion. In thc
Weekly, $1 a square.
. ??9"Spo?dal notices 13 cents a litie.
-.Tollu S. Kosby.
John S. Mosby, the famous pa?
rilla chief, -Aras visible on thc streets of ,
Richmond recently. Somebody lias
.described Mosby as a handsome mau
in personal appearance, but he is
nothing of the sort. Of ordinary
height, his build is good euoitgh, but
his face is very common-pla*ce, and his ,
light brown ltair. worn unkempt, #dds
nothing to -ts attractiveness. Moshy's j
features and expression would impress
you as. th ose of a man resolute and j
cunning,' not .cautiously honest ncr I
viciously cruel, and I suspect that in
the stories of his cruelty he has been
, . somewhat belie 1.
His business in Richmond is to re?
gain possession of some tobacco lie j
claims, and I was sorry to hear him
remark that it? is all he has iu the ?
world, for I know he. will not get it, ?
.and he owes the Inquirer for a horse '
and divers other articles, taken from
me by some of his band last summer,
and I imagine aur chance ol' restifcn- j
tion to be, small. In another sense, ic I
was unpleasant to hear him admit Iiis j
poverty, for if lie told thc truth, it i
shows that he was grievously swindled ]
ut the final division of the spoils on !
the^brcaking up of his command, and
further, it controverts the ?nconifort
ablo axiom concerning honor among
When the life of \John Singleton
Mosby conies to be written, it will
show a succession of startling per?
sonal adventures unsurpassed by those
of any partisan chief on record. That
Mosby Avas always hanging on the
out-skirts of our Armies, cutting oil
our trains, capturing our stragglers
and harraxsiug us in (?very possible
way, the people generally know; but
they do not know that he went in and
out of our camps et his own pleasure,
and was never once detected. It is
.said (and undoubtedly true) that while.
Burnside lay opposite Fredi'vicksburg,
in the winter of 1S62, Mosby dined
Avith him, in the character of a Union
farmer from across the river, and ga?
thered, with his shrcAvd cunning, from*
the gener.il table-talk, much valuable
information,' Avith which he regained
the rebel lines without molestation.
One of the best things told of him
occurred that same winter and in the
saun; neighborhood. Burnside, that
winter, Avas literally badgered by
Mosby. He seemed ubiquitous, and
atlast it became dangerous to go from
, camp at all, as the least ramble was
.sure* to result in capture by Mosby.
At last Burnside became weaned ont,
and determined to capture thc parti?
san, and to this end sent detachments
of cavalry to scour the'country tho?
roughly, and bring him in dead or
aliA'c. One day, one of these detach?
ments, led by a lieutenant-colonel,
. 'was ?going up the Dumfries road*
when, from a house in sight of the
Federal lines, a man emerged, dressed
in the uniform of a Federal captain,
and attended by one orderly, dressed
in our cavalry bl* e. At the gate were
two horses, marked U. S% and fur?
nished with our regulation-saddle and
bridle, and mounting, the captain rode
up and accosted the colonel, who Avas
still marching up the road. The colo?
nel informed his new companion that
he Avas in search of this-Mosby^^
and asked if he had heard anything
of hint. The captain had heard and
knew to a certainty that an hour be?
fore Mosby had boen at Jones', four
miles up the road. Visions of promo?
tion and nowspriprr paragraphs dane
hif? before him, the colonel ordered
"trot, inarch," wlille the captain,
frith his orderly, clashed across a field
to a farm-house, to got some milk, he
said, before returning to camp. Ai'- J
riod at Jones', the colonel found that
Mosby had indeed been there, but
also found that ho had departed in the j
direction of Burnside's camps. Back
the colonel beat in baste, making "in- |
quirics everywhere, but finding no |
trace. Arrived agai*-at the house
from which his communicative cap?
tain had appeared, the woman accost- I
ed him, and this colloquy ensued :
Woman-"Kuna i, who was that,
ei'C Yank capting met ye lu re, as ye
was gwine tuther way?"
Colonel-"I don't know his name,
[bathe beloved to a Massachusetts
Woman-"Yeas, well kneow aint
you sold. That air was John Mosby.
And he rodo back t<> eamp,sftnd said
i nothing whatever about iii-' morning's
work, except to report that he had not
i captured him. Some of Iiis men did.
j however, and that?story floated about
j tiie anny during the rest o? the war.
Many such things as this are told of
Mosby, and his power for mischief ]
? was so sensibly felt in the Valley, last
summer and autumn, that PhiLiShe
ridan used to swear at liim in his most
liearty style. Mosby now is a citizen
of the United States, uo better and*
no worse than the thousands of other
Virginians who have .laid clown their
arms. -Ph iladetpJi ia Inqu in r.
Important littler from Gen. Thmin?.
Gen. Thomas has addressed the fol?
lowing letter to Hon. A. ?I. Fletcher,
.Secretary of the State of Tennessee:'
HDQRS. MIL. DIVISION OF TKXXKSSEI:,
^ASHVILLE, July 15. 1.SG5.
Jinn. A. J. Fletcher. Secretary of tiktie,
Sm: I have tho honor to acknow?
ledge the receipt of your communica?
tions of the 10th and 11th inst., en
I"dosing' the ?t?l?graphie instructions
from Gov* Brownlow. 1 am only
I awaiting the report from Col. De
1 Bussey, to determine what action to
i take in the case of Emerson Etheridge.
If he has been guilty of the language
! charged against him* he is clearly
' amenable to military authority, in Che
j absence of civil, and liable to be tried
j before a military etuumissioii.
Since my attention has been -ailed
i to the speeches of other parties, I
j have carefully read all reports of such
i sm-eches which have appeared in
i newspapers, and, as yet, have not seen
! the report which would justify an in
; trrference of the military authorities.
! li', however, there be, in thc jndg
: mont of the Government, at any time
', a necessity for such interf?rence, in
j consequence of inability or indisposi
! tion on the part of the civil authori?
ties of the State to take,action, the
expression of such a desire, either on
tlie part c> the. Govoriibr, or yourself
I in behalf of the Governor, statine; the
j inability or indisposition ol' the civil
; authorities to act, wHl be sufficient,
j and I will cause the parties complained
of to be attended to according to tile
' nature of the case,
j The State of Tennessee is still under
! martial law, but the military authori
; ties will not be resorted to unless the
I civil authority fails to act, either from
' inability or indisposition. Even in
! the event of a failure oh the part of
! the civil authorities to do their duty,
j the military should refrain from intev
i fering in all minor cases, because thc
military sin mid, as far as possible,
sustain the civil government, and
never assume its ?unctions except in
cases in which prompt action is neces?
sary to insure public safety.
In conclusion, the Governor may
rest assumed -that he will be fully sus?
tained in carrying out| the policy of
the General and State Governments
as long as troops remain on duty in
Very respectfully, vour obedient
servant^ G. H. THOMAS,
Maj. Gen. U. S. A., Comd'g.
The proprietor of a bathing-house
in Venice hus produced cotton on the
sea-shore, which has been declared by
dealers in the article to be superior in
fineness and length to American cot?
ton. If this be true, cotton ia not yet
RTCCTMOVD, July 2G, 18G5.
Jiangs Gordon Bennett, Esq., Editor of
the New York Herald. ' i
DKAI? Sm: Tour Richmond jarres- ,
pondent^in his communication pub?
lished in the Herald of the 4th of
July, in which he gives biographical
sketches of .?veral generals in tHe I
J Southern army, mentions the Tact that j
I.I had commented the practice of law !
in this city-prefacing it with a state- t
j mont that 1 served in tho rebel army
' for the-first two years of the war; hav?
ing, for*a part of the time; full com
i mand of tho Polish Legion, raised by
a countryman of mine, and that I
resigned my commission in the army
<>-.er ?wo years ago, because of an in?
dignity ofiVrcd io 7fro by .Mr. Davis in
the promotion ?over me of a junior
1 ollie- r. Each ?fart of this prefatory
stati'incnt boin peiTon eons or founded
on some narrative vi!ii< h misled yoi tr
ctjri'i aponctent, the writer of an edito?
rial in the li ni:'!, of the Tri: of July.
! .whilst centr? vf ri in g it. and requesting
von;- corresponden11 to be more care?
ful, has represented me to be "a
j Southern advftnturer; that I came from
Germany and ?ftere?! my services to
the Federal Government; that being
* rt'fused. r wnt to New Orleans, sind
attempted to* raise a brigade for the
rebel army; that the rebel authorities
refused to make in? either a Brigadier
General or Colonel, and thatthc rebel
Congress threw out a bili Tor three
thousand dollars which I brought be?
Every letter of this, intended to bc
a corrective statement, is also erro
uons, and docs me great injustice: yet
being unwilling t.- . place myself before
the public in any attitude whatsoever,
my first impulse after reading thc
articles in question was to remain
srientj^Liitl not correct the errors they
contain. Ry reason, however, of my
antecedent connection \\*;th the affairs
of Poland; of my having held a com?
mission as major in the army of 1830
31 ; of my having served as Vice-Pre
sident-of the Polish Council in Avig?
non, iu France; of being well-known
in tin- United Slates as a lecturer on
tho, history of Poland and policy of
Russia, (on, which snhjeVt I addressed
over six hundred public meetings, in?
cluding tho literary institutions and
sixteen State Legislatures in tho
Western States;) of having held a con?
troversy for more than two years,
through the public press, with the
authpr i .i' the ''Skek-hcs of tlui History
of Northern Nations of Europe," which
were published in the National
f/w?er, by the editor of the American
('fii&tteei; over the signature of "Taci?
tus"-tor these reasons, I say. it is
thought by mj friends that silence
might furnish iiaterh.l for speculative
charges to implicate my countrymen,
the Poles, in un Southern proclivities,
and I feel, therefore, compelled lo'ad
dross you r?sped fully, to correct, those
erroneous reports about me which
were published JI the Herald, and to
check the apprehended inferences that
my taking part with the South, may
affect the interest of my countrymen
at the N'or?h. [ came to the United
States in 1837; in 1848, [ becamo a
naturalized eitzen thereof; and in
18-in, 1 was admitted to the bar hi Bal?
timore and New York, and allowed io
practifqin -the Supreme Court of the
United. States, .ill of which is matter
When tlie ww eommeneed, I went
to Montgomery Ala., and offered my
services to the Confederate States, not
because of any hostility to the Union,
but simply bemuse it was my earnest
belief that comtitutional guarantees
were refused ti the Southern States.
For this reason I never ottered mili?
tary services ti the.Federal Govern?
ment. Authority was given to me to
raise a regimcit, and if I found it
practicable, to wise a brigade, for my
own command and when I raised a
brigade and rejorted it really to take
the field, only t colonelcy of one. of
the regiments vas offered to me. I
rejeetoJtthis offer; withdrew from the
service m Augist, 1801 ; and brought
President Davjs before the? bar of
Congress to obtain certificate of that
..body that I "loft tho command of my
brigade without fault on my part, and
to recover mj expenses. Congress
passed, .unaniaously, joint resolu?
tions at the last cession, fully approv?
ing my conduct; tendering the thanks
of tho Confonfederate*States to me,
and directing the Secretary of the
Treasury io refund me six thousand
four Etrpdred and twenty dollars. As
those THNolutions were sent to l'e?ji
dcnt Davis ouly four days before the
adjournment of Congress, he pocketed
them and de prived me even of the
recovery of my money.
I have here stated these facts for no
oilier purpose than simply to correct'
erroneous reports about my services
to the Confederate States, which found
their way into your paper. My chief
object, however, in addressing to you
this correction, is uvsay that my coun?
trymen, the Toles, had nothing to do**
with the proclivities which wedded
ray future to the South. There*were
only four Toles in my brigade, and
they abandoned it when, I withdrew
from the service. My countrymen
generally disapproved my taking part
with the South, and the Polish Demo?
cratic societies sent me from Londott.
(England) and Pans. (France) a set of
r?solutions, disapproving it. I an?
swered those resolutions, and I am
ahme responsible for my conduct in
this respect. Now that the principles
upon which the old Union was built
and its Constitution framed, are sup?
planted by new ones that have sur?
vived the war, I have Jaleen the oath
of amnesty under the proclamation
of tht late President .Lincoln, being
of the opinion that when the God of
battles is in favor of these new prin?
ciples, it is the duty of every rational
Southerner not to obstruct their de?
velopment and growth. We should
now seels happiness for ourselves and
for post erity, in their maturity, and
do all we can fo speed it. With great
respect, J um vom,* most?obedient ser?
vant, G. TOCHMAN.
An English prpvineia.1 newspaper
describes a new shell, the invention of
<?. Mr. Thews. Tho new shell projec?
tile consists of a perfectly globular
shell-the shape to which Government
ha*; rthown preference-containing a
second, smaller shell, of the same form;
this, again, contains a third shell,
which, in its turn, contains a fourth.
Tin1 idea may be most popularly ex?
plained by supposing one pill box en?
closed in another; this, again, by a
third; and lastly, a fourth. The inner
shells are about a quarter of an inch
thick. The sixes are so arranged that
between each shel] there is a clear
( hamber all around/or about an inch.
The smaller shell and the several
chambers are lilied with gunpowder
by a very ingenious contrivance of the
inventor's, and the whole would be
then - closed np by the'ordinary fuse.
THE YIT?OTXTA EJECTIONS.-Gov.
Pierpont has addressed a notice to the
Justices of the County Courts of Vir?
ginia, saying he lias reliable informa?
tion that m a number'of Counties in
the Stab' persons have been elected to
thd'ofiice of Common wealth's Attor?
ney, Sheriff, Commissioner and Reve?
nue and Clerk of Court, and in some
instances, Justice of the Peace, who
are disqualified by a clause of th*
Constitution, which excludes from
voting or holding offices any persons
who have ladd any oihtfe under or
been a member of any so-called Con?
federate Congress or Legislature.
The Just icies are directed to consider
aH offices above referred to, ?o which
persons so disqualified shall have been
elected, vacant, and to olde? elections
immediately to fill such vacancies.
GUNNY BAGGING 'AND ROPE.
*0/-r BAiiTCR superior Oannv BAGGING.
i?*y 50 coils HOPE. For sale low for rauh
bv * KENNETH? & GIBSON.
Notice.-Charitable Appeal. 1
THE ladies of the URSULINE CONTENT
and ACADEMY are anxious to rebuild,
ia speedily as possible, an edifice suitable
for their Monastery and Institute, theirs
jabing been tue ned in the general confla?
gration of Columbia by thc United States
?Vrniy, under Gen. Sherman, on the night or
February 17th. And while they are far
Vom pressing'their necessities on their fcl
ow-snffcrcrs of thc South, will gratefully
.cceive any contributions which toe friends
>f education and religion may donate them
fop this^oxcellent work. Remittances may
>e made through the Express Company.
THE MOTHER SUPERIOR,
CVsuIin? Convent r/.;I Academy,
Care Dr. John Lyacn, Columbia, 3. C."
Aug 2 liao
COLI.dBIA, S. C. 4
rr^KE EXERCISES of this Institution will
X be r?sum?e?, on WEDNESDAY, the first
day of November next. Students -desiring
'admission to the several classes are request?
ed to communicate with the Faculty at an
carly day. Aug 14 3
min: MILAN CAP.
J. SWISS HATS.
KEW] 'OUT FALLS.
Black and Whit* Leghorn HATS.
At ZEALY, SCOTT & BRUNS'.
Cabinet and Nectar Whiskey.
JUST received from Baltimore, a few cases
of CABINET and NECTAR WHISKEY,
which, for purity and ag*.?, cannot bo sur?
N. B.-Thc above ? ?U only be sold on tho
order or*CoL Haughton.
Rear of old stand, below the Market.
Aug 12 ._v_3_
~Wm. H. Talley,
Attorney <>t Lair a?d Solicitor in Equity,
HAS resumed the ^practice of his profes?
sion in Columbia and the Districts ad-,
jaeent. During th e. rebuilding of bis oflice
-No. 4 Law [tange-he may -bc found at.
Kev. N. Talley's residence, corner ol' Ger?
vais and Pockens streets. Aug 12 +3^_
Fresh Groceries, &c.
4 FRESH SUPPLY of GROCERIES just
il. opened, and for sale afjehcap as can bo
hud in thc city, for cash or barter for coun?
try produce and provisions. Call and soo
before purchasing elsewhere, as my object
is ti? s'ell low and "ready sale and- short
I will abo attend,.with despatch, to tho
sales of any PROVISIONS that may bc for?
warded to mc, and account for <>r remit as
oraered. GEO. L. PRATT, .
Assemblv street, ono*door from Richland.
Aug 10 t-i*_??
"ADAMS, FROST & co., .
CHARLESTON; S. C., "
ARE prepared to sell COTTON or PRO
1K.'CE in 'Charleston, New York or
Liverpool, as may bo most advantageous;
and to make liberal advances on consign
meats to them. They will furnish planters
as tar as possible the usual facilities.
Aug 8 gi_
Mill and Jliind-Saw Files, Cast Steel?
I have on hand, arid will sell low, a
& ^few dozen English MILL and HAND
A sinai) lot English half-inch" Cast Steel,
A few bars g Round Swced Iron,
' A handsome Carriage, suitable for one or
two lu irses,
?A Leather Top Bugg-tfand Harness in
good order, ~? .,
One large size Letter Press.
Aug 8 tu3*_JOS. MARSH.
CALL AT- -
C. S. Jenkins'
m *, ? m m $
TRIBU Dooli Eli OM PENDLETON.
Aug >0_* . 10 ?
fijESg^ PRS. REYNOLDS'-?* REY
uT^^Ei^? NOLDS, being now fully pre
^^-CCXxr naied. resume the. practice"?f
their profession in all its departments.
Office, for the present, at thc C<-]um-.
bia Female Academy. Aug 1? 7.
T. D. DAYlt?. W. T. HcFEAT.
Commission mill Forwarding Notice?
THE undersigned, late officers of tho
Greenville and Columbia Railroad at
Columbia, will, until the said road is repair?
ed between Alston and Columbia, uddertake
to forward, with despatch, articles of every
description, to and from ali stations on that,
road and ( ?olumbia.
They will also buy or sell on commission,
;ind attend to business of any kind offered
Address them at cither Newberrv or Co?
rnubia. DAVIS ic McEEAT.
iv". u7 JOHNSTON^
3VC ? gistrat e ,
O?re on Plckcns street East end of Lady'.
VC ^" I LL attend to all official business
T V brought before him; will also attend
,o drawing up Deeds, Conveyances, Mort?
gages, Contracts, and other ordinary legal
nstrumcnts of writing. Fair copies of any
locument executed with neatness and de?
spatch. _ August 1
School for Girls.
THE MUSES MARTIN will open a School
for GiRs on fee FIRST MONDAY in Oe
iober. Besides tl,o usual English studios,
esaocs-viii be given in Latin, French and
Siusic. A few hoarders will be restcvod
uto the family. Applv at their residence on
Bl&hding street. * August 11
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