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The daily phoenix. (Columbia, S.C.) 1865-1878, August 17, 1865, Image 1

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THE.DKLY .PH(E NJX.
DAlLy PAPEt e10 -A YEAR. "LET OUR JUST CENSURE ATTEND THE TRUE EVENT. ThI-wrELY 87 A TY.
3Y J. A. sLDYa . COLVUIA,'S. C., THURSDAY b[ORNING, AUGUST 17, 1865. * VOL L-NO.11
THE PHON?X
IS rUSLOTED
DAILY AND TRI-WEEKL T.
XHD THU
WimV GtSASER
BY JTJLIAK A. SELBY. '
TERMS-IN ADVANCE.
SUBSCRIPTION.
Daily Paper, ?ix montfis.i5 00
Tri-Weekly, " " .S BO
Weekly, " " .i 00
Single espies oLthe Daily and Tri-Weekly,
10 ?enta; or the Weekly, 15 cents.
APT EUTISEIIE JOTS
Inserted tn cither the Daily orTri-Weekly at
SI per nqnitre for tho first insertion, and 75
?ant? for each subsequent insertion. In the
Weeklr, $1 a square.
?arSpecial notices 15 cents a linc.
Tko filially OT HeS?<?ti?? Use Ol*
* Cotton crops.
Cotton is not king. That is settled.
But for all ftnit, ft is a magnate of the
*trery first rank. And it wifl be a most
serious mistake not to be^ prompt to
,r recognize it as such, in rms new era.
It must hereafter, as before, be the
great regul?rer of foreign exchanges,
and thereby the great conservator of
our financial soundness. Herein it hus
a certain divine right which we could
not alter if we would. Providence has
ordained that the belt of North Ame?
rica embraced between the Atlantic
and the Rio Grande, covered by the
Southern States of this TJtiiojti, shall
be the region adapted above all others,
upon the face of the globe, for the
growth of the best qualities of the cot?
ton plant.. This can be said,of no
?other Ameir?an production. Wheat
and all the grains, sugar, rico, tobac?
co, every agricultural staple produced
by us, can ba raised cbioNrboro, nearly
if nof quite as well. Other lands are
dependent npon ns for them only to
a very limited measure, They can
meet- but comparatively little of the
heavy balance that yearly accrues
.against - us. Without cotton, gold,
the life-blood of our currency, mus?
be cqntinually drained away to satisfy
these demands.
How soonest to. get our cotton pro
duction back to its amount before thc
rebellion-five millions of bales-h
one of the most important problem*
of the day. Two things only are ir
the way; a civil insecurity, repelling
capital, and the disorganized condi
. tion'of labor,
The first of these we trust will sooi
disappear. We cannot reconcile i*
-with any current idea of the practical
.. ??ase of Americans to "suppose tha
the Southern people will prefer to b<
0 in discord rather than harmony witl
the National Government. The sobe
second thought will proufpt them t<
bary all past resentments, and to co
operate with the Government for ai
establishment of every civil safeguarc
necessary to Tin i versal protection. W<
cannot help believing that after alittl
time every Southern State will exhibi
the same respect for all the grea
personal rights, as prevails here ii
the North; that ail forms of politioa
and social persecution -vyj^l disappear
. and that capital will be able to plan
itself anywhere in the South withou
the slightest misgiving of any sort.
The more terious difficulty is th
disorganized co edition of labor. W
have no feeling but contempt for th
men who are eternally finding faul
with the freedmen. Doubtless -the
are faulty enough; but what Goi
Johnson, of Georgia, said of tliem th
Other day, in the City Hall of Macot
is true to the letter: "Under tl
peculiar circumstances with which tht
. are surrounded, no people ever b
haved better than the blacks ha^
done." Of course, they do noteasi
adapt themselves to their new situ
?ion; probably not more easily than (
ihe masters themselves. * * *
It is doubtful whether they ev?
?contract industrious-habits'as free
men which will make good the amou
of labor forced out of them under t:
old system. It is certain that, at t
-Very best, this cannot bo realized f
many years yetv li wo rely up
emancipation to restore soon the c
cotton crop realized by slavery,
shall certainly be disappointed. T
training of the freedmen to bo capal
" of this will require far longer til
th?.n wo <jr?,o afford to wait. There ny
be otfcer resources and other helps.
"What are they?
Northern and European laborers
must be encouraged to become tillers
of Southern soil. Applicatious have
already been randa to our Foreign
EmigrantCommissioners, from South?
ern planters, for field hands. The
pretence that white meiAamiot work
under tHfe blaze qf a Southern sun is
too stale now Cd bo heeded by any?
body. The non-slaveholding (J-er
i mans of Texas long ago proved that
Southern cotton-raising is no greater
tax Upon thc white man's constitution
I than Northern corn-raising. The
lands which produce" cotton aTe ger.e
: rally dry and healthy, and the white
laborer needs only to be a little care
I ful to be able to meet with perfect se
? curity every requirement in the ctdti
vation of cotton, from the first plant
to.the last piok.? . *
Hat ?ha gr*** ft&nt for The agricul?
tural rent-oration of the South ought
to be labor-saving machinery, lt is
this which has enabled the great
Northwest to develop its resource? at
such a marvelous rute. It was this
which made good the great drain of
the strongest laboring men of that
section, occasioned by the war; so
that, though huftdreds of thousands
Were taken from the field to fight
j through the four years' war, the
I crops,, instead bf being reduced ia
I amount, actually become larger than
ever. It is a well-known fact, that
labor-saving farm implements enable
tho furniers.of th? Northwest to ac?
complish three times the amount of
labor that they could without rnein,
wiUi the same number of teams and
men. Thcs% implements are applica?
ble, good judges say, to the planting
and cultivation of cotton in all "its
stages up to the picking, which must
be ?lone by hand. Yet they hare
never been used for that purpose to
any extent worth "mentioning. Slave?
ry never had enterprise enough to
venture upon new methods.. * ' *
i * * It was content with mere
j brute force to produce its gains. Be
I iug rid of it, an opening is now made
I stich as did not exist before, for the
I great inventions of #vilizatiqu. If a
! prompt resort Ls had to them, and if
I their management is consign od to in?
telligent and-faithful bauds, they will
I very soon restore rhe old cotton crops,
? however backward the mass of the
freedmen may be in coming up to the
white'standard of work. The import?
ance of securing this end,speedily for?
bids its being left to the contingency
of the disposition or indisposition of
the freedmen to da regular labor. It
should be subject to no contingency;
and this -may bo secured by relying
primarily upon white labor, and its
mighty auxiliaries, labor-saving im?
plements.-New York Times.
PARDOX-SEEKISG AiioNG THUNDER
AND LIGHTNING AND BUKSTISG WATEE
PIPES.-While ex-Speaker Orr, of
South Carolina, was boseiging thc
throne of th?; Presidential grace, on
j Saturday afternoon, for pardon, one
j of Horace's Roman storms burst ovei
Washington, and sent down dire ha?
and floods of rain, amidst tike roaring
thunder and the forktd lightning, th
wiud all the while rising almost to i
hurricane. A friend who was in tin
j Executive ante-room 'waiting to se<
the President, tells me the scene wa
terrine enough to frighten tho offic>
! and pardon-seekors out of all proprie
j tv, but, as if to add to the horrors o
i th., occasion, one of the water-main<
I of the mansion burst all at once aui
flooded the building. Nothing coull
exceed the confusion. The'damag
done, he thinks, will amout to five o
six thousand dollars. The Presiden
may now exclaim:
Jam satis terris nivis atqne dore
. Grandinis misit Pater, et rubento fe
boitera sacra jaculatus arces
Terruit Urbom.
Terrait gentes. _
The St. Paul's Press is "glad t
state that the bloodhound stock is o
the risc. A biuidsonSo fund has bee:
subscribed, and an anent has' bee
sent South- to procuro the' animait
They are to be used in. hun ting tb
Indians."-Exchange. .
Bloodhounds to hunt Indians! Wei
they onlv negroes, this would t
shocking, but as the game is Indian
humanity and philanthropy are not i
thojeast disturbed.-Boston Courte
In view of the importance of the trpproach
ing Convention, it is -of vital consequence
to us that we should bo represented by mon,
not only ot patriotism a.nd experience, but
of legal acquirements, ? beg, therefore, to
present to thc voters of Richland the names
of the following gentlemen, who aro emi?
nently fitted for thc responsible poet for
which they r.re nominated.:
CHANCELLOR CARROL, *
HON. WM. F. DESAUSSURE,
COL. WM. WALLACE,
COL. F. w. MCMASTER. An g 3
THE following gentlemen aro respectfully
suggested a? candidates tor tho Convention
to bc held in .September next:
WADE HAMPTON,
A. R. TAYLOR,
W. A. HARRIS,
_?T."_G. GIBBES. '. ' July 31 *
For til? Convention.
The friends *of th?* TJnion and "of their
Statt?,? desiring to bring into her councils
Sradical knowledge, sound patriotism ind
evotion to her host interests, respectfully
nominate t*?? following gentlemen* as dolo-,
catos to the .State Convention from tho
District of Richlands
JOHN CALDWELL,
. " WADE HAMPTON,
A. R. TAYLOR,
W. A. HARRIS. August 1*
War Department, , .
BUREAU OF REFUGEES, FREEDMEN
AND ABANDONED LANDS,
. WASMINOTOX, Julv 6, 1865.
Cm ru LAB NO. ?).
WHEREAS it is reported officially that
a large number of destitute refugees,
taking advantage of Circular No. 5, from
this Buread have boen transported South,
against their-int crests, to places where it is
extremely difficult to procure food, and, in
most eas?*, impossible to clo HO except when
provided bj military authorities? it is or?
dered tbut "hereafter no transportation be
snantod to refugees, except when; humanity
?^?lcntlv demands it, and then only by the !
requisition of the Commissioner of this Ru- ;
reau. O. O. HOWARD,
Major-General, Commissioner.
Ofllcial: S. W. S.vxrox, Br?*vet Major and
' ??. ?ie _ iL. AI"S.H . 1
? Eeadq'ra Freedmen's ?ureau.
CITY OF COLUMBIA, s. C., |
Alamar 1165.
SPECIAL qi<J)ER NO. 1.
IT having come to the knowledge of thia,
office that in several caaes planters have
discharged and driven the fri*sdmen from
their plantations without sufficient cause:
Therefore. ;IH tin-present crops art* nearly
matured and laid by, it is hereby <s
Ordered, That in no ?-ase will thc freed?
men be discharge*] <u- driven from tho plan?
tations, without permission from this office
or some officer or agent connected with tue j
Freedmen's Un reau.
brevet Prig. Cen. RALPH ELY. ]
Act. Ass't Com. Freedmen's Bur?au. ?
I _Au(i 13 _ _
Valuable Family Ilrsldcnoc,
Wdh a. full supply of Furniture, in fine order,
I ? . at Pr?vale Sale.
THE abov?>*js situated on Plain street, in
thc vicinity of thc Female College, lo?
cated on li acres of ground. The house
contains eight rooms, with servant's house
of eight rooms, and nil other buildings re?
quired, and a fine well of water. Attached
t > the groands are a ch#$re variety of fruit
trr-es and shrubbery.
Particulars, with thc list nf furniture, can
be. had on application at my office.
JACOB LEVIN,
Ruction and Commission Agent,
Corner Plain and Assembly streets.
Aug t>_tl?
Railroad Notice.
IT" ROM this dato, the trail on fhe Spar
tanburg and Union Railroad will lttave
hnartanburg C. H. Tuesdays and Saturdays
of ? ach wetdr, at 6 &. m., and arrive at Shel?
ton at ll a. m.
Returning, leave SbelrTor at 12 o'clock m.,
and arrive at Spartanburg at 5.15 p. m.
THOS. B. JETER, President.
Union C. H., 8'. C., August 2,18C5.
jti)- Thc Newberry, Chester and Charlotte
papers ?ill please copy twice a week for one
month, and forward bills to office S. ft U. R.
K. Co., Union C. H., 8. C. Aug 14 j7?
DENTISTRY.
gas
DRS. REYNOLDS A REY?
NOLDS, being now tm?y pre?
pared, resume th? practice of ]
their profession'in all its departments.
<S? Office, for tho present, at the Colum?
bia Female Academy. Aug 12 1
' Notice.-Charitable Appeal'
THE ladies of the URSULINE CONVENT
and ACADEMY are anxious to rebuild. |
as spwilily as possible, an edifice suitable
for their Monastery and Institut?;, theirs
having been bumed in the goimral contla
?rati?JU of Columbia by the United StateH
Army, under Gem,Sherman, on the night of
February 17th. And while they are far
from pressing their necessities on their fol?
io w-safier?'rt) of the South, will gratefully
receive any contributions wldch thc friend??
cf edacation and religion may donate them
for this excellent work. Remittances may
V; made through thc Expr?s* Company.
PLoaje address
i THE MOTHER SUPERIOR,
Ursulina Convent and Academv,
Cwre Dr. Joh?! Lynch, Columbia, S". C.
-Aug 2 Ires
TARES!! LEMONS and FBENCH CON
J: FECTIONERY, at wholesale ard retad,
by HARDY SOLOMON * CO.
AugK_ _-j_3^
Just Received,
ALOT of VERY FINE SYRUP, at retad,
a| (!0 cents per gallon.
Ang IC 3 H. SOLOMON k CO.
CALL A Tn
C. S. Jenkins'
9
Assembly Street,
'TIMID DOOR FROM FEN&LETON.
Aug 10_;_10
headquarter* Military District of-j
Charleston.
DEPARTMENT SdUTn CAROLINA.
ASSISTANT ADJ UTANT-GEN.'S OFFICE,
CHARLESTON, S. C., July 27,1866.
NOTICE. . *
PERSONS desiring to publish Newspapers
within the limits of this District, are j
hereby informed thut it will first be necea-J
sary to obtain the consent of the Major-1
Ge?efal Commanding the Department.
By command of .
Brevet I?rig. Gen. JOHN P. HATCH.
LEONARD B. VEUBY, Ass't Adj. G*n.
Official: i
E. HAINS JEWETT, 1st Lieut, and A. A. A.
Gen._Aug 7_18_ 1
The New York News.
DAILY and WEEKLY. THE NEW YORK
WEEKLY NEWS, a prent family news?
paper-BENJAMIN WOOD, rropriet?r-.the
largest, Ivst and cheapest paper published
in New York. Single copies, 5 cents; ono
copy one year, 12; three copies one jyear,
5.50; live copies one year, 8.75; ten copies
j one year, 17; and an ey tra copy to any club
of ten. Twenty copies one voar, 30; the
! Weekly Ncc* ia "sent to clergymen at 1.60.
NEW YORK DAILY NEWS.
I To mail subscribers, 510 per annum; six
I mouths, 5; payments invariably in advance,
i Specimen oopjes of Daily a-rvl Weekly Nows
! sent free. ' Address 1 lEN*.(WOOD,
DailT Nc*i?*iBiiikliiig,
No. 10 City Hall Square, !fir-W York (Itv.
Aug t)_^_
T?1E URiST?l?? INDEX.
BY the FIRST OF OCTOBER, or as soon
as thc mails are re-established, I will
renew tho publication oi tho "CHRISTIAN
INDEX" and the "CHILD'* INDEX" I havo
been publishing. *
Price of "Index," per annum.$3 00
Price of "Child's Index," " . 50
(A deduction made for Clubs.)
Money may be remitted at once, as my
determination is positive. 3{y desire is to
secure a large subscription hst with which
to begin, and I issue this prospectus that
subscribers may have time to forward their
remittances.
It is my intention to issue first class
papers, and no piting or expense will he
spared to secure that end. The best writers
and correspondents will be secured, and
tho highest religious and literary talent will
be Riven to the papers. Tho CHILD'S
PAPER will be profusely illustrated and
will, in every souse, be made to conform te
its new title, ,
I THE CIHI-D'S D27I..IGHT!
Monev may be sent by Express or other- 1
wise-if by Express, at my nsk^if the Ex- 1
presH receipt is sent me, on thc resumption
of mail facilities. j
My connection with the firm of J. W.
Burke <t Co.', is dissolved, but I will esta?
blish an office in Macon, Georgia, where
communications may be addresser!.
I Aug 5 Imo ' SAMUEL BO YUIN.
! FEWER, BEmJWMAN,
I (Suc'sorsto Hotchkiss, Fenner A Bennett, )
! COM. MEBCHJWTSt
; 40 VESSEY STREET, NEW YORK,
AND
MEMPHIS, TENNESSEE.
THO??. FENNER, ft. BENNETT, I). W. BOW?AN.
MR. T. A. TOBIN, who was for a length
of t hue connected with the old firm of
Hotchkiss, Fenner & Bennett, lias an inter?
est in the present firm, and will devote hit
attention principally to the State of Soutlj ;
Carolina. His address will l>e (.'linton,
Laurens District._Aug 4 Imo
SoutlT Carolina-Rlchlaurt~O?itrlct.
Ry Jacob Hell, Ordinary of said Distrirt.
^TTHEREAS Edward H?nt hath applied
W to me for letters of administration
on all and singular the goods, chattels and
credits of H?wry Hunt, late of thc District
aforesaid, deceased:
These are, therefore, to cito and admonish
ali and singular the kindred and creditors
of the said deceased, to bo and appear be?
fore me, at our next Ordinary's Court for
the said District, to bo holden at Columbia
on Monday, the twenty-first day of August
instant, at 10 o'clock a. rii.? to shyw.cause,
if any, why the said administration should
not oe granted.
Given undor my hand and seal of the Court,
this fifth day of Augast, in thu year of
our Lord one thousand eight hundred *.nd
g?LXty-five, and in thc ninetieth year of
American independence.
JACOB BELL,
<dl.Og E? *2 Ordinarv Richland Dietrich
Headq'r* Ase't Com'r of Freedmen,
FOB S. O. OA., AND FLA.,
BEA UTO KT, 8. C.. June 30,1*65.
GENERAL ORDER NO. 1.
ITHE foUowing Circular from Bud
. quarters Bureau of Freedmen, Refugee*
and Abandoned Laads, is repnblislMtt for
the informaiion of all whom it may concern: ?
WAR DEPARTMENT,
BUREAU of FREEDMEN, REFUGEES AND
ABANDONED LAUDS,
WASHIKOTON, D. C., May 22,1866.
CivcvUar No. 3.
Whereas a large amount of land in the
State of Virginia, and in other States that
have been in insurrection, has been aban?
doned by disloyal owne^p and is now ueing
cultivated by freedmen; and -whereas th?
owners uf such lands are attempting to ob?
tain possession of them, and tims deprive
thc freedmen of the fruits of their industry:
It is ordered that all abandoned lands m
said States now under cultivation by the
freedmen, be retained in their possession
until the crops now growing shall We secured"
for ?heir benefit, niuew full and just com?
pensation be made for their labor and its
producta and for expenditures. *
The above order will not be .so constrnad
as to relieve disloyal persons from the con?
sequences of their disloyalty, and the ap?
Ehcation for the restoratiou "of their lanae,
y this class of persons, will in no case ba
entertained by any militarv authority.
o. o. HOWARD,"Maj. o?n.,
Commissioner of Bureau of Freedmen,
Refugees and Abandoned Lands.
WAR DEPARTMENT,
A WITT ANT-GENERAL'S OFFICE,
WASHINGTON, May 22,1865.
All military "authorities will sustain the
Commissioner ot the Bureau of Refugees.
Freedmen and Abandoned Lands, and aid
him in the execution of thc above order.
By direction of the Secret arv of VVar.
E. D. TOWNSEND,
Assistant Adjutant-General.
TJ. The provisions of tim above circular
will bo strictly enforced throughout the
States of South Carolina, Georgia and Flo?
rida. Complaints have boen made at these
Headquarters that in many instances for?
mer owners of plantations and slaves, who
are now allowed to remain on their lands
upon condition that they announeo to their
former slaves that they are free, and make
with them fair and equitable agreements,
whereby full and lust compensation shall
bc mad? for their fubor and ita products,
are, in defiance of Ibis ofder, stid forcing
their former slaves to work ?ir th*rm, ana
continue to hold them in slavery, even to
the extent of shooting them down if they
dare to assert their freedom, and fail utterly
to admit or announce b> them in any way
that they are fra?. Such acts aro disloyal
to the Government and m plain violation of
its policy.
It is hereby ordered that all persons em?
ploying the freedmen in agricultural ann.
mechanical purs aits within tho States or
South Carobna, Georgia and Florida, who
fail, by th"? 15th of August, to announce to
those in their employ the fact that they are
free, and fail to recognize them as free mon
and to make suitable agreements with them
whereby a just and equitable compensation
will be secured to Chem for their labor, will
bc held as disloyal to the United States Go?
vernment, and their property will be sub?
ject to seizure and division among the freed"
men, in accordance with the prenions ol
Section 4 of an "Act to Establish a Bureau
for the Relief of Freedmen and Refugees)"
approved March 3, 1865.
III. As the harvest tims is near, and the
freedmen have been regarded as free by tho
United States Government ?ince January.
1869; and as a measure of necessity, to pre?
vent them from becoming paupers on ita
bounty, the freedmen must be paid for their
labor on all lands, not abandoned since the
commencement of tbs preparation of th%
ground for s?bd up to the harvest time of
this year; and unless full compensation is
made, to tho satisfaction of this Bureau,
the freedmen will be entitled to and will
receive one-half of the crop raised.
IV. Any person who shall whip or other?
wise maltreat any freedman l>ecause he as-,
sorts that freedom, or for other causo, will
be held gu?ty before the law, and punished
for assault and battery; and any ono who
shall take the life of any freedman for Uko
cause, wjll be held guilty of murder.
V. No person will bc permitted to driva
the taged, infirm and helpless from their
prient places of. abode-^ they must bo
allowed to remain where they are until snck
time as the Government shall make proper
provision for their support,
VI*. Thc Assistant Cominissftmors in tho
States of South Catalina, Georgia and Flo?
rida are required to enforce this orderte th?
j extent of their power, and to report to theso
I Headquarters all violations of it. The aid
of every friend of justice and fair dealing
between man and man, is also requested to
bring to the notice of the* Freedmen's Bu?
reau any failure tb comply with its provi?
sions.
When the rales of exact justico shall be?
observed uv the relations between all, Ihn
ploycr anAenjploycd, and each shah regard
the other's Qgnts, then win be practically
. demonstrated, so clearly that none can
doubt, th? advantages of the Lee labor
system. By ordor of
Brevct Maj. Gun. R. SAXTON,
Ass't Com. Freedmen for S. C., Ga. and Fla.
S. W. SAXTON, Brevet Major ami A. D. C.
Aug 15 - t
, , brought before him: will alsops ttend
to drawing uo Deeds* Conveyances, Mort?
gages, Contracts, and other ordinary legal
instruments of writing. Fair copies of any
document nirmttd with neatness and de?
spatch. Angmjt 1

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