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title: 'The daily phoenix. (Columbia, S.C.) 1865-1878, August 19, 1865, Image 2',
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Inspector General |
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? Saturday Morning', Aug-. 19, 1865.
Assuming that Governor Perry has
rightly exercised his authority, in call?
ing for an election of members to a
Convention, to which it will ho allot?
ted to reorganize tho State and for a
general revision of thc Constitution,
ibo-? it occurs to us that a most pro?
found and apathetic imlif?crence pre?
vails throughout the State, in regard
to this object. . "Whether it is that the
effect of thc late revolution in our
affairs has had the effect of stunning
the popi?ar ndnd-Mvliether it is thad
the necessities of the. household and
tim individual have put all political
objects entirely out of the people's
head-or whether ali sympathy with
politics, of whatever kind, has been
crushed out by. the overthrow .of the
fondly entertained political faith of
fifty years-it matters not; the fact is,
nevertheless, unquestionable, that, so
far as we have seen, the public mind
takes but ht tie interest in any polities,
and exhibits no sort of > activity or
even sensibility in, respect to an elec?
tion* which ii to hold, within its re?
sults, an entirely new political organi
tion for the country. dbi former
occasions, in. a matter so vitally inte?
resting, publit* meetings would have
been held at all the court house?;, on
wile or other public days, and there
woidd*probably have been a* popular
nomination of a ticket including the
preferred names of tho., community.
AL present, if an election takes place
?it all, it. is destined to bo a scrub race..
There are really no candidates-no
parties seek'representatives-and it is
. very unlikely that many votes will be ?
taken. Thc parties elected may or
may not be good men and true. They
ure just as likely to be worthless. All
seem indifferent to the result. The '
question occurs to us, "Is this right
or wise?" If our people are to Uve in
, this country, then it behooves them to
sc: that the political power oj; the
country does not fall into the hands of
the vicious or the worthless. The
jnemheis o? thc seeding Convention, <
the members of the Confederate Con?
gress and of the State' Legislatures,
are, we believe, excluded from place
iii the Convention. This exclusion
operates seriously against the picked
men of this country. It denies us '
the use of many of^our finest minds.
Can we, find substitutes for these?
Are there not men to bc found, in alj
the districts, not liable to objection,
who are yet capable of the duties and
to bc true.tc'd in the situation? And
is it not the duty of the people to suck
out such mon, iu every precinct,'and
? assure themselves of the best capaci?
ties for legislation that the country
may still possess? Such is our opin?
ion. We should not show a reckless
(.lingard of the future, because of the
misfortunes and disappointments of
Let our people, therefore, in all the
districts, proceed, promptly and
unitedly, to an examination into their
social and intellectual resources, i^i
order to their employment in tin? or?
ganization of the hilde anew, and to
the future legjsb tion under it. We
need, in the Convention especially,
tin1 best legal ?inti judicial minds -
men conversant, with all the nice dis?
criminations of law--'conversant with,
political definitions and constitutions,
and capable of weighing well thc im?
port of every sentence which is utter?
ed. The Government of the United
States can only require of us a lle
publiean form of Constitution, and
ibo model for this is to be found in
tho Constitutions of thorn States, |
whose characteristics, policy ?yid peo?
ple, most nearly resemble our own.
In Hie choice of these men, while
we may prefer many who are excluded
by?rcason of the exceptions made in
thc Presidential proclamations of am?
nesty, let us not insist upon thom;
but, avoiding ?ill occasions for cavil,
let ns t urn to others of our citizens,
such as we think, from their general
moral,'high tone,*kiiown virtues and
superior intellect, may 'oe relied upon
for the duty, and cast, our votes for
* them with ail possible unanimity. To
do this, we think that primary meet?
ings might be held, herc and Ibero,
_jilli i i illim I j,
preliminary to a general meeting o?
the citizens of the District io Avhieh
tlie nomination might be made unani?
mous. . Columbia, as the capital, ol
the State, nuil Richland District, o?
which she is also thc 'capital, should
properly lead in the matter, and inau?
gurate for all the districts a proper
precedent, in -which the general apa?
thy, now prevailing over ail. shall lie
disturbed and neutralized by fresh
current of mental electricity, from
which \ve may hope purification in the
We are assuming that we are to live
in this country, and that our children
are still to possess it. With those who
decide otherwise, wc have nothing fe
do or say. But with all others-with
all those who either cannot or will n-).'
leave the country, and propose to cast
their fortunes i i it for gond or evil:
then our argument a nd entreaty sh- mid
prevail against the apathy jBieh show.*
them indifferent to the Swrt of Go?
vernment under which they arv te
exist. There aro no longer State
rights. The States are mere corpora?
tions. The authority of the United
States Government ir. paramount.
There is no other sovereignty; and ail
that remains for us is to accommodate
ourselves to the new condition ol
. things, # or quit the country. It i;
useless to lament the past-the wreck
of favorite political ideas, or thc lass
of fortune. The one we cannot re?
store; the latter we may repair. With
all those who design or desire tv) dei
so, it is the obvious duty to take snell
active part in the work of re-organi?
zation as will save ns from thc blun?
derings of imbecility or tho treacher?
ies of malice. We must endeavor t<
make thc Constitution of South Caro
lina as tolerable as it may he mad<
under the circumstances of the ease.
Wo have spoken of those who ari
meditating their departure from tilt
country. On this subject, it might b<
sufficient to refer all .such to tin' ex
collent flotter of Wade Hampton re?
cently published in this journal. Ihr
something may be added to this letter
Whither do our discontented friend'
propose to go? Whore is the refuge'
To the Mexican States? That regioi
will be one of anarchy for tho.nex
sixty years; which is,the limit we as
. sign for the duration ol' any existing
American organization. But the;
I talk of Cuba and Brazil, having th<
! notion tl;.It,, .a.; s-.'ve States, they wit
enjoy thqt^serv?s in r.-j atmOspTien
I which ?nore certainly a'ppoals to thei
sympathies tb.;ii roy oilier..' I > tit is i
not apparent tiiat tie1 same .fate whiel
has pursued them here, as proprit tor
of slaves, will dog their steps wher
ever they go, if in a slave country
The same strife, struggle, war-mas
sacre, perhaps - under the ontsid
pressure of sdi the great nations"of th
1 world, will pursue them to Cuba am
I Brazil. The dogged pride of Hi
Spaniard will be forced to suceuni'
under it; the 'feeble empire of Bra/.:
wjJJ bow to the decree which has freo
tho Africans in our more powcrft
States of the South. The fanatieisi
of the a^e, having subsidized or si
leneed a":l other parties, now supporte
by the physical forces of the grea
European States, and no longe
checked-nay, sanctioned by the at
live support of the United States
will emancipate the African froi
labor in all countries-not from slav*
ry, but labor. And there will be n
rest, no peace, suffered to those com
tries, no matter how remote, no ma
ter under what dynasty, when; th
African is still coerced to obey th
elementary law of God and civiliz;
t'on. Our people can find rein?
neither in Mexico, nor in Cuba, in
in-Brazil. Ireland and Australia ai
mon; eligible places of retreat, and :
is not unreasonable to believe tin
grants of lands, in both these region:
may be had for Southern colonist
from the Government of Great Br
tain. Jtct us hug to our souls none. <
these delusions. Lot us, for Heaven
sake and man's peace, have no lift
continued struggle about thc status (
thc tngro. Let our sons bc taught t
work out their own deliverance indi
pendently, and w ithout regard to an
employment of labor, orari, extern
to themselves, th^-ir own souls an
I The Charleston Ik?hj AV/rs con
menees its career with commendab
spirit. The appearance of thc pape
?ts we have already said, is good; tl
contents are various, and the editori
pen seems to How with equal frcedo
and intelligence. We extract son
items from its columns, which will 1
found scattered about through oui
An ingenious Frenchman has i
vented a respirator by which ann
can take his stock of pure air into t
midst of noxious vapors, and come o
Undated pupisV-coHcge graduates,
Trude Witll'?Uc Sora O.
Southern merchants are coming to
tho North to res*un#-their relations
with importers, and to make arrange?
ments for thc great business that must
bo done in tho vast regions that have
been for four j'ears so inneh secluded
from the world of trade. . Some of
them come prepare?! to pay off old
scores before they make new. A fe w
an; ready to pay lill) couta on a dollar;
but by far the larger part of. thom
must make a compromise with their
creditors, or tiny cannot adjust their
accounts. As a genere] thing they
find our merchants ready to meet them
in a libera] spirit, ?mil to-accept the
most favorable terms fer thc debtor.
Now and then the pertinacity with
which ono merchant holds out ?ind
refuses to accept anything less than
the face of tho notu with intered, puts
a dead lock upon a setthiiiont, and the
disappointed man is obliged to give
up in despair.
lt is tho dictate of sound policy to
be liberal and easy in relation to*the
past and cautious for tl ie future, lie-'
for?; the war, the system of giving
long credit-for larg?!uniountshad been
carried to an extreme ht tin? highest
degree injurious to buyer and- seller.
Now is thu time to insist on a safer
policy. Whore tho basis ?rf int?*grity
and past success is well laid, our mer?
chants will make it their interest to
help tlie Southern dealer to got on his
feet again as soon as possible, lt was
pleasant to see, as'we did the other
day. a letter from South Carolina con?
taining rn order for goods, with the
cash enclosed-one greenback of the
$1,001) denomination, ?nd other funds,
to pay for ihe whole amount ordered.
The North bas made ne-ney by the
war. The Struth has lost nearly every?
thing. If we h t th?! ]>asi go; and bo?
urn anew in a liberal spirit, insisting
i*n short credits ami prompt payment,
we shall s?)on see the South reviving
j and scmling her .orders, here with the
greatest possible freedom. Tin1 fol?
lowing will give som?! idea ?rf what i i.
i likely to bo 'Wanted, li' one State
j noels all th??s<> things, what will the
whole South want, ami want immedi?
ately? In an editorial review of. the
i condition and wants of the State of
North Carolina, the Newborn Times
''During tho next twelve months
the State will want at hast two
jlnindroil thousand ?lullars worth o?
ploughs, and as many "Inoro <>' tho
various implements nee? ssary for
successful farming. To' tl:-se add
?nie Hundred thousand *mvrc for car?
tilages, wagons, ?tc. Tln-n it will
; nsftiiro li Tty- thousand io supply*
j wooden ware, such ns tubs, buckets,
pails, barrels, A?'., and fifty' thousand
i mor.' to supply caudles um! soap: while
two,hnudre?l thousand will hardly be
[ suflieii'iit to furnish slnr.-.s Tor our po?
pulation. Tims it will be s-en that
I we expend nearly a million of dollars
I for these few nvthdVs, whereas they
Ljhould be manufactured hore, and t?a?
! money kept among us. Tills estimate,
we.are aware, falls far below the true
ligure, but in the absence of necessary
?lat:i, we use these numbers in order
to bring thc subject before the minds
of our rentiers ina practical form.
' [Xao York O'oserver, July'll.
(1 rana;rv Arawins-G rex. IT. Corns.
-The Augusta Ckronirie notice.*- tho
[presence ol' tlc,n. Howell Cobb in that
I city, and says: "In ;l conversation
with the Generai, he ??sprosse?!a great
desire to have all matters now in aid- j
tatton settler! at once. The is&ues j
which have lately convulsed Mus coun?
try lie considers forever disposed of. ;
Slavery, lie .- ays, can never be resusci?
tated in any shene. Matters which
have passed should bo numbered
anion?- the things that were, and
should not be ilrnggod into the pris?
sent, thereby creating discord and
trammeling the movements of those
wno are doing all tiny can to settle
affairs." The same paper speaks of
thc arrival in town of ex-Go v. Brown,
and says: "Gov. Brown speak;; hope?
fully of the future, and thinks it would
be well for the Convention to declare
shivery utan (Mid in Georgia without
ex'eitaineni or di-cns-ion. He rega??s
the question of secession us settled by
tht? result of Hie war. arid that any
fe rt her agitation on that and kindred
topics should l>e studiims?y avoid*?!."
The New York Post says, "We have
favored'and still favor the substitution
of civil for military government for
all the States lately'in rebellion. We
believe it is better that tho people of
?>.-i-li State shall have the responsibili?
ty thrown upon them of re-establishing
law and order and liberty in their own
communities. But they ought clearly
to understand that if they refuse or
ure unable to do this duty, they will
compel th?! General Government to
step in and do it for them."' This
doesn't scent unreasonable.
How to correal mistakes in whisLOj
The most exti^xordinary carnival of
crime is now in fell blast nt the North,
ol' which wc ever remember to have
heard or reach A voktmeof the New?
gate calender might be culled from thc
gigantic crimes which have been per?
petrated there in .the last three
weeks. In that time, at least six
horrible cases of rape have occurred,
accompanied in thr_o instances with
the murder of the victims-OT.? oc?
curring -in sight cf tho church
spires of Boston-the murderers c<>
caping. Within that time two sons
! have killed their partants, one butcher
[ hig li's mother and sister, in order that
he might get money enough to marry
I upon, and the other shot-bis father in
I heat bf blood. Three prominent bank
! officials have robbed their banks of
vast amounts, ono escaping to France,
and there becoming a madman,
smother committing suicide in his cell
ii; Nev.- York, a few nights since, and
the hist .accuses n frail woman ?us the
cause of bis fell. . To these we may
add innumerable crimes ol' less magni?
tude, such ?is counterfeiters ?of frac?
tional currency and petroleum swin?
dles. These crimes have ?is 'yet in
very few instances been traced to re?
turned soldiers. They, poor fellows,
seem, in a great many instances, to
! have toiruxL their wives not of the
! patient, ?Rolope typo, if forty divorce
! suits, instituted in a .single county by
1 r. turned soldiers. niesiBMuivlhini?,
"[.\,;r \ orb News.
(loNinsc.v'rro.s IN Lor "SIANA.- -There
! has beim a good deni of movement in
real estate this w et !:, including several
largo secession and confiscation sales,
i Very good prie: s have been n\ li/ed
I except ia v ?nliseatod property. Many
? fears are entertained in regard to title*,
; which may be niati'vi.ally siireeted by
: thc mareil of event ; and tho decision.*
1 of tho Supreme Court. Thc property
I of John Slided, comprising S12 lois
! and squares o? ground; willi stores,
dv.\:ll?!ig"ho':ses and a banking hons ..
! wen- sold for vi!K},-ll0. liefore the wai
' it was estimated ?it S?S00,0OO. Had tin
war not taken place, it is esfciniateil
! that Mr. Slided would haveibeen worth
! $2,000,000. As if was. when thf: wsii
1 brok?' out, he sohl bis Northern pro
! porty pretty well to Mr. Belmont foi
: Louisiana bonds, .which afterwards
-largely sidvanced, and considerable o'
Southern property wac sdso Well dis?
posed of. In thc casi- of the recent
salos there w TC powerful interv?iicuvc
wbo claim umler mortgages the ful
vaiiie of the property, and will doubt,
less carry their chums up to tho Sn
promo < 'ourt. Very little, in tact, wii
t ie realized to the Government of thesi
confiscation sades. They arc most o
them cm-nmbered by just claim!
^whiehwill be doubtlessly allowd. Ii
: the ease of 31r. Slid?H"s iuterv?nors
f raud is charged, and the review w ii
depend, lipon thc facts.
[rW"' Orleans Letter.
CoxFF.jvrut.vri" LxiLrs tx MEXICO.
The Galveston Xfirs thus speaks o
the iimd disposition of the Confedo
rates wi io followed (hms. Smith, Ma
. grudcr and others into Mexico:
j "On arriving at Montery, the troop;
were discharged, and both officer*
I and inen scattered in every direction
I tin soldiers all engaging in their re
sportive trades wherever they conk
find employment, having'made up
their mindi) never tb return to theil
homes in the United States. Most o
the officers had left Monterey for dil'
"Gen. Magruder set ont forFuropi
by way of Vera Cruz, intending t;
join his family, now somewhere oi
the Rhine. Gen. E. Kirby Smith
with two or three others, had starte?
for the city of Mexico, and from thenci
Gen. Smith in tended togO'so Havana
to join his wife in that city. Gen
Preston was about to proceed to Ila
lii'ax, when: his family have residci
since their banishment from Ken
tucky, (wo or throe years sigo. Gen
H indinan has !;is family wit h him ii
Monterey, and intends residing then
for the present. Gen. Price is pre
naring io go to [lio Janeiro, where lb
%xpeots to meet his family and to malo
his future residence. None of then
ever expect to return to their forme
homes in the United States."
Tins CONDITIO:" OP HON. A. H. STE
PHEXS.-We are pleased to learn f ha
the rigid rules prohibiting Mr. Ste
phens from writing or receiving let
tors, ev< n upon personal affairs, hav
been relaxed. We .saw a letter fron
him this week, dated from hisprisoi
sit Foit Warren, to a friend in.thi
city, from which we learn that Mr
Stephens is in yery bad health, H
is seriously and painfully afflicted witl
rheumatism, doubtless caused by th
damp w;i!ls of a fortress upon si consti
tution naturally delicate, and whic]
luis been enfeebled by many yesirs o
continued illness. The position <>
Mr. Steph, ns appeals with peculia
fi re? to every humane r.nd gen<~"'on
impulse.- JV. Y. h Boo/.-.
To insure insertion, aiivcrtisnn are rr
ipieatod to barvl in their notices.?ei.r? 1$
o'clock j:, ia.
LIO-ATA,-THE DEVIL. . -The devil o? u
printing e?ic? is r. proverbial Mer.J -n t>!vi!
?aargad with seven devils-in dl pro-vi>>:'it\
the very sanie 1er o? de .il- t-hicM ..*.,: .. 'if
the swine and rushed ??t!> thc'", im r the
steep ir.: > drowning ?rater. '!".>.? ?. ? .~.\m
us as grievously rs MephisioplniU-s exer?
cised the German Faa-;*.. Theyplaj old
j larry with tua types, stud, ?.boying Old
Nick, they do w .1 hoed the nicks in the
typos. Our editorial y< al erdv.y. WUK dread?
fully disiignre.d by thai mul-adroituesses.
Thug, instead of < aneer, they printed Can?
hr-vVhieh is no sign in our or any other
zodiac. .In a doggrel distich, they left out
a necessary monosyllabic. Speaking to Col.
Shiver, we sa iii: a.
'.And when he next haili ice to spari,
AI a y wc (te suifercd still to shan ."
The "Kc*' was unluckily I.ft out. Two lines
were transposed, which should have "read
thus: "We overthrew tiie altars cf Capri?
corn and (.'.meer-wo demolished the goat;
>'c tonk the claws from the crab. Of the
former, wu made mutton, and of tin latter
a rare salad-?," ?te. in the local department,
a paragraph r latia:: to the Charleston Cel?
ine, tin- name ot Mr. Cphrahu i'.-.yiiard is
horrihl;. ir nish:;cd mto .-one thing which is
as little tStlgUsh as Ile!.rev.. 'Ihne are
other errors ol' th?; typographical ?levil,
whof.1 it is next to irnpe*.a!.!.: to pursue
through" all bis sinuosities* ol'error. Tho
read?r must 8.:e!> io in ip ns in elaciia.itig
the typical mysteries and extracting sense
and grammar ?Vein oar hieroglyphics. We
must net omit, also, a correction itt lite se?
lect ?I poem on eoltoR. Line seventeen from
tin top, change C?o wont ..felicity" tn "fe?
rocity,'' ion! you will have it right! Tiie line
should then read thus:
"Lost nlij'rrocf/i/, und soon bee.une."
We are the acre ? :ir',!i alar 111 111 i> con?
nect ian, tis we regarded l?he piece lisette
containing a spinal SJIU hern argmaeiii, and
well lilted for declamation in :: Koutiicrii
We see nev. reason!; nm.nea:?y, ia Hie ar?
rival of m r.- goods for our Chindan mer?
chants* w'u\ such ter lal!...reports of mor?
tality, diaer-sos, c:q-alora ?cs, and all that
? sort of tiling should he current u the
neighboring ct mu try. Ihre, .mw, in Mr.
.Melvin lil. Cob.ll, one et' the li*: nf our '
merchants io "hang his banner on I'KIOIU
w.ird wall," with a 1.must rom; supply, ab
! solutuly elephantine, ot good things for uni*
? market. Hore, in o:;u day, ht: rocrivea
j seven wagons of merchandize, from tim
city ol' Charleston. See his Iong**vord?:?l
advertisement in thc Phn:nix of to-tlay.
He has every thing i?i tho shapejuf sweets
and soars, solids raid li plids, spicy and
sugary, i...t wwi cool, comforting ua.l coti
farnrr.ble, for nil winds urtu wcaibutf Toil
know what Wi il hr tile resal?. Tiler:- will
nut ?ie a shopkeeper in Columbia, wluwill
u-i" take Hu-alarm, ami do likewise. Leu
: aere h;' no ft ?irs. on the purl of the Mem?
bers nf tht! ? 0:1 vent;-.a. liait ?e. re will ic.it
, i:e enough in ('olumlii:: to eal ?UhI dlin'i
and vyear for the next mouths, fun
stme-iy ii commensurate lo every possible
demand. Nay, more! Wc :dl:?.?.-t dl'ui'.d
f iat it will iaii'e-e mi enormous appetite011
tat! part of consumers; and the effect ?di
these good things will be that :*?r Conven-?
tina and. Legislature will linger so long in
session that the good wives of the couiitry
.will scad after them. Wives will not permit
.that C^-ir hrisnaiitls snail cr.haust theui
: elf.-s iii the business of legislation. Mr.
Melvin M. Cohen, with his grand variety??t
creature eo?uforts, will be presented to 'tho
grand juro* aa an invader, of fi male r-ml do?
NEW Ai>vr.:;Ti:sE3ii:x'rs.-Attent ion i ; called
to the following advert iv. meats, which aro
published for thc lirst time tf.is morning:
P. Cantwell -Goshen Uniter.
.lames Cantwell-Commission Merchant.
Melvin M. Coben -Ch..in Goods, j*
V.'hiu- ft T i.imp. on Mah; Acadcmv.
A. lb I'hillips New Coeds.
Wm. Martin <.'arriageor Wagon to Hire.
A port at this ofiice-J-'stray Horse.
Kxrra Communication Kichlamt Lodge.
"BI.TXI) TOM."-Tito case of "Mimi
Tum," the musical negro, 1ms Leen
de.-idial at ( ?nciunati, hy Judge Wood
mil'. The claimant, Tal dis Cm rss, who
sued ont thc writ of halxuts corpus ott
the pica that he had been appointed
guardian of Tom, in Floyd County,
indiana, i-. declared to have no rights
as such-the boy not being a resident
of that State. Bethune, the former
owner, having exhibited a written con?
tract, and there beingTio evidence ol'
unkind i-rea-tn^eut, it. is plain that thc
boy is in his care, whether the d cu
ment is valid or not. The boy was
far away from Iiis home, and therefore
,is only entitled to temporary relief in
Ohio, bein;.- ??able to be sent out of
tho Slab- us i**fparipcr to the place
wi ere he is a legal resident. The.) inigo
acegfdingby decided that from a pri?
vate examination of his menial condi?
tion lu? possessed sufficient judgment
tn malle choice of bis own custodian.
That choice being to remain with Mr.
Bethune, h.' ordered "that he be re?
manded accordingly to hi:: ch.arg<%
with a right to change his guardian?
ship whenever a proper occasion,
Mr. Pratt, a Republican member of
thc Connecticut Legislature, declared
that Connecticut is a "sovereign State"
-Unit site alone has the right - to py
who shall or shall no; voto in her
election**-and thai no law o; Carraa
can interfere in tho matt'CT.