Newspaper Page Text
Monday Morning, Aug. 21, 186
Education in the South.
Tlie effect of -the late war of fo
years, which, ia the Southern" Stat?
dragged ruthlessly m to the field ?i
the able-bodied men between eighte?
and forty-five-nay between sixtec
and sixty-has been'disastrously fe]
and the greater evil is yet to be d
veloped, in the deuial of education :
. the youth of t?p country. All tho
designed for the professions, betwec
the ages of sixteen and twenty-on
arc especially the losers; since, in a?
ditiou to the loss of four valuab]
... years' of study, must be considered tl
evils of those desultory habits", <
mind and body, which are so**$t?ig<
nist to all methodical efforts' or "an
lund, and which army life necessaril
engenders. The whole body of on
people now labor under a painfi
mental wares/, which will need th
sternest exercise of will and moral t
restrain and regulate. Those, wh
were in the war are especially the vi<
tims of this sort of unrest; and it wi]
be well i.' they cat? escape from i
without the contraction of o the
habits, woolly sensualistic, in whiol
the mind .naturally seeks to quiet ii
perturbations, by a resort t> thus*
stimuli, which, through tempor?r
excitation, invariably conduct, in tin
end, to equal mental and bodily pros
tration. The only prc ent?ve of this
and cine for the condition which ?
likely to induce it. must be eniphi/metif.
Those who are yet young enough t<
resume their studies, und who car
command the means fco do so, cannot
do better than to address themselves
doggedly to their tasks; take up theil
books, go into the solitude, and, bj
tin; assertion of a brave and resolute
courage-it will require all that they
can command-seek to neutralize thc
evil influences of the last four years
upon mind and body alike. To thc
greater number, tho want of means
will render this impossible; and many
a noble mind, which, under a gene?
rous culture, might arrive at groat
professional distinction, must be con?
tent to forego, for a searson, any hope
of this nature, an.I "oe. satisfied to ex?
tract from their muscles that support
which fcuev hud-hoped to obtain from
ta:- p::.v tab.;:v> of mind. But let
not these despair or despond, or hesi?
tate or delay, toa long, in grappling
ivith tue simple tasks of industry, no
matte r in what obscure tie-id, through
whatever medium, the necessity needs
to be pur mod. Let ea.-h grapple with
?he tusk that is most ready to his
hand, without pause or questioning,
and do tho thing that promises the
best return, quite satisfied if tho re?
sult shall be no more than tho simple
maintenance of existence, through the
daily sweat of the brow. Labor is
not simple! drudgery where the mind
is cheerfully resolute; where tuc heart
is rigid; whore the will is fixed, and
winn-? generous sympathies, with fa?
ther, mother, brothers and sisters,
call for the sacrifice ot' the iud;vidual
vanity or ambition. To tho generous
mind and the noble nature, thus work?
ing humbly to a virtuous end, labor' t's
? cl", 'ilion, and education of iii", noblest,
awl most oalu'M? kind! Lt ide vat 'S
together thc heart and intellect, puri?
fies tho passions, ennobles the ener?
gies, and lifts the possessor into tho
nearest approach to wisdom that
human nature is capable of. And the
true, object of all education, fully
summed up, is wisdom--not mere
learning, or the acquisition of any
specialty, cither in art, lette rs, science
or mechanics. These ure to be re?
garded simply as tributaries to the
great object of wisdom, which implies
tho blending together of rigid think?
ing and right working, under the
#direction of a leading virtue, until it
becomes the perfect and matured re?
ligion. Labor, with a cheerful will,
leads to observation, which, in process
of time, conducts to inquiry; this, in
turn, to thought, and thus thc work of
self-education-the very best kind of
. all-goes on perpetually, hour by
hour, as a result ?d' that mere patient
toil which proposes to itself, original?
ly, nothing more than food, shelter
and clotlfiug. The trudi's and occu?
pations which are called mechanical
' and manufacturing, are all so inonu
schools; andi thc mind, where properly
addressed to thc tusk of perfecting
itself in the] laborer craft before it,
sensibyy risas to thc comprehension of
all ?bose thoughts and principles
which have originated thc art or craft,
and which ?Continue to labor iu their
improvement. And tlris is education.
There is a profound* truth in thia
staterarmt, Vfhieh tho philosophical
and thoughtful mind will readily re?
ceive. Lot parents consider it, ospe
eially ut this period, when, withniuuy,
the sciiool of educaci?n, /?./. se, eau no
longer be commanded, and when
there are perhaps few adequate touch?
ers of?, bowlen, or hoe s s themselves, to
be kan. Brierly, as we cannot pay for
schooling, and us we need ?ill the
.labor of all our children for our relief
and their support, it is vitally impor?
tant to tench that :i mero scholastic
education may be dispensed with by
all tlioso young' people who have souls
of suliieieni resolution to lind the
teacheir in the toil itself. Tim young
men must, go to present employment
for present, support, and think os they
toil. Thought is study. Fortheniorc
youthful, just entering upon their
teens, a large proportion must now
find their way into tile several trades
-must become artisans or meehaj?cs.
if there lie any lurking vanity in thc
family, which revolts at this necessity,
then tho wisdom of God was never
more apparent than in tho present
, .condition of things anionic us, whore
Necessity, as a Lie-tor. or a. Fate,
stands above ns with rod or scourge-,
ami drives us to thc performance of a
painful duty, in order to the deyelop
m< nt of an essential biit-dorniant vir?
i Foi: CONVENTION.-lu Charleston,
the nominees for the Convention are
becoming numen. ; \ Th< re arc two
tirkets. Tlie name.-: ol' one we have,
already published, lier.- arc ti'.o.se of I
thtko?hcr t.ie];e!. M.-. K. il. LUCKS j
has declined the nomination:
G. W. William*, A. F. Kavenel, J. I
31. Eason, Win. Lobby, W. S. Hone-!
rey, W. J. (layer, D. Xx. Wayne, I!. !
F. Str?.?heckei% L. T. Potter, W. J. '
Bennet, R. H. Lucas, T. lt. Lock- >
wood, A. Cameron, ,1. Marsh, H. T. I
Peake, Ii. L. Singletury, .1. H. Stein, j
meyer, J.is. S. Addison, J'.. M. Whit- |
i ng, W. S. Adams.
AN IMI'OKTANT DECISION -COXFKOE- j
it ATE Com 'N IN Kunot?:-:.--A decision |
of the mod; int-.uH fiting character has j
been given in the London Vioe-Ciian- :
ceilors' Court. Tho United States :
sued for the possession (d' a quantity j
of cotton which Mr. CharlesPrioli?au, :
an alleged former agent of the late .
t Coiifedvrate authorities, claimed to
I have ?.prior lieu upon, inasmuch as ?
i hqdiad lost twenty thousand pounds'
, by the'said ftoverument.. The United .
?States claimed that whenever a ile. '
/v/c/o Government had been superseded 1
or pitt an cn? I to, thc displacing Go?
vernment succucdud toidi its right and
Vice-Ciiancellov Woo l ruhd that
the United States musLWako thc
cotton, but i:> doing so wci^bouml to
respect-? tim agreement entered into
with regard to thc aforesaid cotton by
the. ile fuel1) Government, to whom it
originally belonged. Mr. Trudeau
was appointed receiver of the pro?
perty on his entering into security to
mo ?".?tent of twenty-thousand pound.-,,
and, subsequently, the cotton was
handed over to him by the Liverpool
Dock Board.-Chus. Courier, Au;/. IL
THE NOIIIH-EASTEUN llAinito.vo.
Wc arc informed that til? indefatigu-.
ide malingers of this road have com?
pleted ami launched their flat, built
for tho purpose of transporting rolling
stock, and have succeeded in placing
on this side of tho Suit-o Liver two.
engines and several passenger coaches,
which will.insure hereafter the regu?
larity of the fcri-weekly train. Weare
also glad to hear that, before very
long-, another engine will be flat teil
over, which will fulfill the great pre?
sent desire of editors, correspondents,
Ac, Ivy giving a daily communication
with tho outside world.
The famous vessel Alexandria in?
tended asa blockade runner, lias been
turned into a riverboat, and now plies
between London and Gravesend. She
is a novelty on the Thames, as she is
the only limit that lias cabins upon
deck, in the American style.
rlECEivrs ov COTTON.-The receipts
of cotton hythe Sont? Carolina bail
road, from thc 26th ult. to tho 15th
inst., inclusive, have been 1,23ft bales,
being ?tn average of about (it) bales per
STAMPS ON L..0AI1 PAPKP.- The Su?
preme Court of Wisconsin has decided
that the law of Congress requiring
stamps on legal papers, either at the
beginning or other stages of a suit, is
v neon.sti tut ional.
Capt. Percival Drayton, of thc
United States Navy, a native of South
Carolina, died recently at Washington,
D.C. lie was a son of the Ifctc Col.
Wm. Drayton. He Was Chief of
Bureau ?it the time of Iiis demise, and
Admiral D. 1). Porter has boen ap
( pointed to lilt hi i place.
3LiG5 0.2XZ!.. .TtCTTH o.
'i'.) ensure insertion, ::?tvcrtis?!rs are ro
(pnjstcd tc hand m their notices before I
o'clock p: ru.
We have been rotpicsted to state that thc
Concert Musicale, .imMuncd for thia even?
ing, ia unavoidably piadp.med until Wed?
nesdav ? vening, and wilt then take place at
tho College t'hapel, v.i'ddn tho Campus.
CoLrsruTA (XAX-LTOH*? COMPANY.-We aro
requested by the Seer? tar.- to call tbe atten?
tion af stockholders to the non-paym? nt of
their assessment:--. 15/ tho charter, their
stork is liable to.be sold at ouldie auction,
which \\ill bc done ii' pavmeiii ?S ?.ot m o e
by Wednosilay, 22d inst. " " s
FAMILY MKDICINKS.- The reader will niue
thal I>r. L\ Melvin < '. <ii--ii has received -t
fresh?supply of domestic medicines. The
lioctor's reputation. RU a chemist and [/nar- j
inaoeutist,"hus been established for some
forty yeara. There can be ito d?>nbfof his
medicines. We lowe Inri occasion to try
them, and wo know the hector knew him
??tty years ago in Charleston, and believe
that he kn.tws ?\?iv ?:e buys ami is quite I
familiar wit h evervihing thai '.?>.? has to sell. |
We take fi uk granted that his stock is one of
the s- lort cst thal can !>.? iound in :i South?
ern market and wt! icliove among the
cheapest also, li is probably among the
largest, tait of I "hurles*on. in all Carolina.
lt Kt ?rLATIOS OK TI3:K.- Since our town
chick v..is Shorinaniijcd, our good citizens
have scarcely iie..;> ubi- ..> t ? -11 thu progresa
of time, io ii*,- the ?e'urs ?if the day. or
kc, ;> a gold watch in running order. Co.'ks
wore dnadfnllv al fault.? house-wives wore
pe rp? tually a? odds willi impatient lms
bivuds .:s to tho tenner hour. Sometimes
tie: i.otatoes wt re i.o '.. r.'o ie, at fl th? r times
jiu I'o'i 'A'?'.rj overtlouc. jilin.! on eb ops, be?
cause of the lack el' a good r. gnlatt r, be?
came crisp offences fc> cpionn.<m, and so" ^
!n::? ii tjnie wan*r? tjuin -: for people to r-.i/. 'i ;
!.."t hiev-eutil'ely forget how io fii'dy. Tiiis |
? vii. 01 :*tic?<e > -.e. . art; nov.- tn lie remedied. !
Mr. -lohn Veal h s ..?...:.?. h .i a r-.gulator ?
at his ellice in Wain sire t, wirieh w rmsi i
uni neg!( cf. even when we go by it. ?"<> ttl
.Ur. Ve.d .mo regula .? y?,-ur ?!. M< -tie sa'in n. j
!engtl;< nillir, or, in or t ;- : > .-.ave tinte,
'i.ould it be ni re convenient to you. see \
Prof. Let-unto, at the o??Iii e. ?ho bas a
pr?vale regulator ??Iso, open to Tue public ?
u>'i s. Hort After let. no cook tuaku a tutsi :/.v i
in dressing her .'.<??*!<:h>\
NEW Ami?UTisEMKSTs.- -At tout it i< is called !
t-i the ! (lluiving aiivrrtise-nii.-nts*, which are I
published f? r the first time this morning: j
C. S. .ler.Uius--TtiR?. Itf'oivt tl. I
'.icu. iiill'i'.ore- -C..-mr..! O: hrs *\<?. 8, 12, ;
13, 14. 15. " j
I ir. P. M.,Coiu-u Druand Medicines. |
Moise .v Orchard V< ri amt ries.
-Portable beniona.".-. j
.- lil- ? cries. f
V.. II. Moise -Female College Store.
- Hrown Windsor Soap. ?
'I'.,....s, ntl ? N'or.Ci S?IO 1 P.o. ks.
.i \V. Cai : v ll - i. td db..! Silver Wanted. I
Ja.- S Li vin -Mules an.'. Wag. u-.
- -liiee. j
ll. St.lomen .V Co.- Sh. c Mao rial-.
. - .. -Drug . '
. " N. v. Arrivals.
DEATH.--We arc grieved to hear of j
the death of Captain (.?. orge Allen j
Wardlaw, of this village, by a sudden
and violent attack o? fever, whilst on
a visit to Mends in the city of Savan?
nah. There arc many circumstances
connected with Iiis death, which makes
it peculiarly melancholy. The de?
ceased was ?i young man in the blot uti '.
of life. At the beginning of the late j
war he had just finished his education,
having graduated at tho South Caro- i
lina College with distinction. Sympa- 1
thi/.ing with his friend.-; ?uni State, he j
entered thu contest ardently, and, as j
all testify, always behaved most gal-!
lantly. He passed thivugh the fiery j
or?leal unscathed--escaping the sad;
fate of so many of his hui ii ly- univ to j
die as the soumis of the tremeudoiv?
struggle wer?; passing away, il?! was
not destined to fall ou the battle-field,
but after "grim visaged war had
kUiioothed his wrinkled iront." Ho
was the only son <>?: tho Hen. 1). 1.1
Wardlaw, one of Hie inns; worthy and 1
respectable citizens of this ti ova. whoso !
loss is irreparable, ile died from
heme, amongst strang. !. , without tho j
sympathy and ministering care of a
large and devoted famiiy circle at
home, lt is not our intent ion to at?
tempt anything like an obituary- that I
Ls lett for abler pens; but his death at ?
the time and under the circumstances !
has impt'i ?sed us as very melancholy, j
ami in many respects untimely. Wc
could not say less. Young, handsome, i
generous ami gallant-thc hope of his
family and the pride of his friends.
May the earth rest lightly on his young !
grave;-AfiheciUe Huron r, iV/.
The secessionists of Washington
are quiet! circulating subscription
lists for tue benefit of .Mrs. Jeff.
Davis, who is reporti d to Kc in re?
duced circumstances. Application
was made by Mrs.. Davis to visit her
husband at Fortress Monroe, but the
request was not. granted;
A new born baby in Maine weighed
tarcnty-sjcv! n pounds.
From Wu. .ItiMgtoi:.
"WASHINGTON, August ll>.
The city is filled with' Southerners.
Witli?i thc past twenty-four hours
more have arrived than during the
previous two weeks. The trains from
Richmond to-day brought them from
every portion of the South. They
are generally citizens of prominence
on oifiec-sceking and pardoning mis?
Tlie Attorney-Gen.yal. in response
toan inquiry of President Johnson,
whether the persons charged with tho
Offence of having assassinated the
late President should be tried before a
military tribunal or a civil court, gave
a written opinion sustaining tin*
former mode of trial. This opinion
has lieeu printed. lt maintains that,
a military tribune exists under and
according to tin.? Constitution in tim?
of war; that the law of nations consti?
tutes a part .)!' the law of tin? land;
auy?that the laws of war constitute the
greater part of the law of nations. Thc
laws of war authorize he man life lo
be taken without legal process, er
that legal process contemplated by
those provisions in the Constitu?
tion that are relied upon to show
thc', judicial mil', tary tribe nae; are un?
constitutional. The law cf nations,
which is the result ol' iii ' ox}?eric:ic?
?.nd wisdom of ages, luis decided that
jay-hawkers, banditti, cte., are'o?cn
dors ?g?tiiist thc law of nations aral <>:
war, end a* such* nmenubhl i> tho
military. Our Constitution has mad"
those laws a part of tho law iii
the land. Obedience to the Constitu?
tion and to law then re ??ires that tho
military should do their whole duty.
T?Wy must not only meet and light the
ouemii s of tho country in open battle,
but they must '.iii or vahe tho secret
euomiesof thc country, ami try and
execute fe!ic-m according '. ? ..:. law.
The civil tribunals of the country can?
not rightfully interfere vritii the" mili?
tary in tin- perform ince of tin ir high,
arduous and perilous, bni lawful
duties. The At1.' erie y-( bm oral charac?
terizes L?o<?Mi and his associates ?> ;
secret active public enemies: and lie
concludes with4 the.opinion tait '"the
parsons wno are chai'gt d willi, inc
assassination of the Prcsil"ut com?
mitted the deed ns public enemies, as
[ believe they did; and wht'iher they
did or not is a quos, ion to he d"cid? -1
by !l:c tribiui:*! bcfuri' -which ikey are
tried. They not only can but ought
ro be tried before a military tribunal.
If the persons charged have offended
against thol.vw.s of war, ii would be
palpably wrong !'or thc military to
[laud then over to the civil courts, as
it would be wrong in a civil court to
convict ;i man of murd? r who had in
time of war Killed afioth r in battle."'
.i.wii !.;v: .v ANT*! : !\vn#>.
It is said that there, will soon be a
general jail il liv? ry bv the pardon of
? large muniicr of persons convicted
toy military commission of trivi;:!
crime's and alleged offences.
(fviVi.irN'MKN r SAT.ES .>:?' ooijD.
j t is understood that the Govern?
ment will sell tin average of a'million
dollars in gold daily for several weeks.
These sales are made necessary hy a
deficiency in receipts for internal
revenue to meet the currency wants of
the Treasury. It is anticipated that
thc balance of gold in the Treasury
will he reduced about twenty millions.
It lies been t'ormd that no ?argo re?
se?o of gold is necessary, as tho re?
ceipts for customs, while payments for
interest are being- made, are about
equal to the payments.
C.VhT.KKS ON THE 1'KcSI I ?KNT.
The Executive Mansion was again
besieged to-day by a large crowd of
vi ?tors, one-third of -them women.
The President'opeued his office to all
ok' them at the simio time, and paid
atttcntioii to their respective calls on
.business, aided by Ids Private Secre?
tary. Tho most- importunate of the
throng presented matters o? the least
importance; some of? ,1 having
previou ily b ...ii uu.su .ce .si'ul with
heads of departments. Several o.x
mtimbcrs of the United Stab* Con
gross, who had been prominent in the
"rebel servie.-, waited tn thc ante-room
in order to obtain a private interview
with the Presidcur af ter the crowd had
lt is reported that in yesterday 's
Cabinent session President Johnson's
reconstruction policy was discussed in
a very animated manner -by some oj
the S cretanes, and that he expressed
his determination to adhere t?it re?
gardless of opposition.
A Nashville despatch reports thai
thc election in Tennessee for Repre?
sentatives in Congress has resulted ii
thc success of an evenly divided dole
gation, then; being four supportera ol
President Johnson's Administratif.)
and four, member* of secession pro?
The yielding tendency of the gobi
Mar!? I which manifested itself vaster
-lil"':-"*llI*^?'':--?^-?,*-', ^^ZS"'S?' ?.
!"daj underwent a further development
' to-day. The "sales of th- ?ub-Trea
sury ' have been regular, r.voraging
nearly the whole of the receipts for
customs duties, thus adding to tho
load the gold "bulls" have to carry.
So soon as the Treasury sales termi?
nate, however, tho market will react.
The opening quotation" vas 1-111 j', fol?
lowed by a decline to- HO;1.... Tho
market them began to recover, and
nfter rising io llljg nt twenty minutes
?past two p. m., closed ut HIW '?j
half-past four o'clock.
I Tlie foreign exchange market was
: linn up to one o'clock, but it aftcr
? wards weakened. . Bankers' sterling,
at sixty day.-, which sold, at 10S%io)
? 101) in flu morning, declined a?rae
I tion wit?h the reaction iii gold. M
: ca utile bills sold as high, as lOS'.j.
The markiyt was fairly active, land
prices for all descriptions, though nut,
materially changed, were rather moro
steady, particularly tho inferior and
common grades. Tin? sales comprised
2,500 bales. We quote: Upland, Or
. dinarv, :-ki; Middla?i-, -ll: Good Mid
; <-hing-; -i?. o
\ Sri?CJATj P.vanoN.
ll, -soho! \ . Johnson, of fj-oorgia,
the candidate for Viee-I'resideut with
Douglas in isi-?, was pardoned to-day
i?v I'::.- l'rcsidenc at tho intercession of
lil-MO::;-.; ov c.v.r.tKf?X ot'A?n::;,
Hamers ol contemplated Cabinet
changes are circulating again. How
much foundation they have in fact ho ,
one seems able to say. .lolm Oovodo
and .John W. l'orne y are nioutioimd as
possible successors io Secretary .Har?
lan, of the Interior Department, and
Mr. Seward i^ .>::< ? move said to bo
about to retire. L'robabilii^es are de?
cidedly agaiust immediate chaug?S'.
. v,-. C. IUVUS.
Kx-Senator will. C. Hives, ol' Virgi?
nia, whose application for purdon wui
' hied her?.' a few ?lays sin* . in tho
. Attonu-y-G? lierais ?.?nice, bas received
from the l/residen; p rrnissiou to visir,
the North during th.- pondam-;, of Iii.-,
application, 'fl:- conditions of th?:
permit ur" that Mr. laves sh:;Il repon;
and give msparole io ( h>?. V.ta Alien,
at the ri'sidi'U'*! ?.;' .ne inll-T on tho
Aimi^;:- UK MOS.-.V.
Mosby, the guerrilla leader, caine
into Alexandria, lilis* afternoon, on
the train from Cidpepcr, aud Was iu?
mediately arre.sti d. ile is hold to
await the orders of Xlajor-t.veueral
Augur, commanuing tile JA-puri mom;
MO.-i?.Y A Tilt?:. .
A gentleman of this city win? was
in Alexandria, yesterday, says IV!.
John S. Mosby attracted a crowd
w!e rover he madehisapp?'araiici'. i'?d
his pres? nee occasioned non-!: htdig
nation anioiie; the si'Idiers in thai'-j \.
ile cam.' down fr?un \\ arr-' ufroii to o'?
admitted as a member ol'?he bar, but
t o?n. YvV:>, urrest?:?i bim on tho ch.ergo
of liaviug broken his parid.-, 'fae
Colonel brielly but iv^in: :||y
' tn? vert eil the point, und the iie::eral.?
te legra jibed to. Um Secretary i>f*-Y?;u"^J
for instrucl ion. j&
iNTKKXAf. :::.v;-:.-?'.". WATTKUS.
'^lie tloniniissiom-y ai J ufern.i! !!;.
venue.'who left Ta ie last Snimday foi
New York, with the intention of re?
turning on 'Tuesday last, bambeen u. -
iauietl by illness, and it is not knov.o
!:ow soon he v.yi be abli.? torres it mo?
ins duties. In tim meantime, Deputy
( 'omniissi?mer Hollins conduct-, tr?e?
business of the ItownuoBureau.' The
following rules were made by tia- De?
puty Commissioner of tin- lubina!
Revenue to-day: Tile as. a gnni'ait or
tninsfer of a judgment should bo
stamped ns an ugroem? ni or eon 1 fact.
Dornest i?' bills o? lading are eon liileit-il
as receipts for tluj/hd ivory of property,
ami should be .'.lamped assnab. The
bond given l>y the guardian of tho
miner heirs of a deceased soldier, in
order to apply for tho pension, boun?
ty ?a- airoaruges rn' pay, is subject to
stamp daly of one dollar, as a bond
given for the due execnti?m and per?
formance of thc duties of y ny ellice.
A person employed by np insurance
company to take the general care and
supervision of the interests.>f the com?
pany, either at a lixe.l place or by
travelling, from place to place, must
have license ns an insurance agent,
whether he solicits risks and ii ego :
li?tes insurance of not. The receipts
of internal revenue to-day Amounted
to a very little less thou one million.
Airains r\ :;OVTH ? AKOI.I;,A.
Mr. Greer, of the original Smith
Carolina-delegation, is in this city,
and reports affairs progressing in that
State to the satisfaction of every one.
Gov. Perry has .boen well received by
the people of the State, and Mr. Greer
knew nothing of the reported collision
between the civil and military authori?
ties until he read it in the radical pa?
pers of the North. He pronounces
it a fabrication throughout.