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"DAILY PAPER $K) A YEAR
"LET OUR JUST CENSURE A TTEND THE TRUE EVENT." ,
TRI-WEEKLY $7 A YEAR.
BY J. A. SELBY.
COLUMBIA, S. C., TUESDAY MORNING-, AUGUST 22, 1865.
VOL. 1.-NO. 12^
. LS PUBLISHED ' .
J) A IL Y AND TR I- WEE KL Y.
, AND TIIK
BY JULIAN A. SEI BY.
TER MS-IN A D V A N G E.
Dailv Paper, six months.$5 00
Tri-Weeklv, " ..$50
"Weekly, " " " .2 00
Single copies of thc Daily and Tri-Weekly,
10 cents; of the Weekly, 15 cents.
Inserti.d in either the Daily or Tri-Woekly at
SI per square for the tirst insertion, and 75
cents for each subsequent insertion. In the
Weekly, $1 a square.
?K'-?-Special notices 15 cents a line.
The Futuro of thc Sooth.
MK. EDITOK: The present utter pros?
tration of thc South, thc result of the
great revolution through which she
has just passed, and the radical
change in her affairs, especially in thc
matter of labor, cause most persons.,
to look to the future with gloomy fore?
bodings. They can see, as the result
of emancipation, nothing but ruin j
and desolat ion. Such will, doubtless,
regard as the vagary of enthusiasm
the declaration that emancipation is
tho greatest boon tlrht could be con?
ferred upon the South; yet we venturi'
to predict it will prove to be so.
Cotton was our kinf?. Under his iron ?
rule, thc South vas becoming tho?
roughly impoverished. In the culti
vation of cotton, he r soil was being j
rapidly exhausted. Her fairest por?
tions were destined to become ulti?
mately a barren waste. Slavery was
the power that upheld king cotton.
"With the fall of slavery, cotton
tumbles from his throne. It will cease
to be raised as an article of exporta- j
tioiij Cotton cannot and will not be i
produced to ' much extent by kimi i
labor. Cuflee will not furnish the j
severe and protracted . labor, through
the heat ol a Southern si mmer, ne?
cessary for its proper cultivation,
except upon compulsion. The white
man cannot. The sooner we realize
this fact, the better. The v.noi.1 sys?
tem of Southern agriculture must and
will undergo a radical change. At?
tention will be turned almost exclu?
sively to the production of the cereal
crops and the raising of stock. Under
this new system of husbandry, our
Danils will be resuscitated and restored
to more than their ancient, fertility.
Eoir nearly a century, we have been
?steaiuing every nerve to produce those
great staples, eotton and tobacco.
Untold millions of money have been
?made, with no substantial benefit to
us. Nothing has been added to our
wealth. South Carolina is absolutely
poorer to-day than -she was a half
.century ago. So with all the older
?cotton Slates, notwithstanding the
millions made. Their gains havegoin.-,
to swell the capital of the North..
Scarcely a dollar, comparatively, has
been appropriated to enriching thc
soil. Under the new system of agri?
culture which must supersede the old,
there will be a progressive improve?
ment of the soil. In this, and in the
new systems of industry which will
be inaugurated under the new reginw,
tho South will find lier regeneration.
* As capital is produced, it will be ap?
plied to the development of the natu?
ral re'sources of the South, in turning;
to account her unrivalled water power,
and exhumingfrom the bowels of the
earth tile rich treasures of gold, iron,
coal and other valuable minerals
which lie imbedded in the mountain
region. Great manufacturing cities
will spring np, furnishing a rich mar?
ket to the thrifty and thriving farmer.
Now that king cotton and slavery
have fallen forever, the future opens
up a brilliant destiny to the South.
Cot ton and slavery were her evil genii.
After a brief and despotic reign they
have left her poor indeed, almost in
the last extremity of exhaustion, p ant?
ing for very hie. But now, disen?
thralled by the overthrow off these
cruel tyrants, she will rise to a magni?
ficence of wealth and prosperity, un?
dreamed of before. In a few yc-ar*
the South will thank the North f< r
emancipation. Tho North may or
may not find that she has killed the
gojuse that regi?iuly and faithfully and
punctually laved lor her the golden
egg. That is no concern of ours.
That is their brisiuess. But from thc
ashes of the goose will spring up a
wiser bird who will feat?ier her air ir
Let us no longer despond and waste
precious time in gloomy forebodings.
Let us rather address ourselves to the
accomplishment of the brilliant des?
tiny that awaits the South-our be?
loved South. Do not desert, your
country. Just now wc are poor. But
wealth and prosperity lie below us in
the future and within our grasp. "We
must not be impatient. Platina tente.
Tho true wealtn of a country lies in
the fertility of her soil.- Cotton and
slavery have impoverished ours. But
now we arc freed from that yoke, we
can easily and rapidly restore it by au
entire change of husbandry. Under
the new system of ^agriculture that
must take the place ol' the old, not
many decades will h av.? passed, until,
instead of the unsightly hroomsedge
and old field pine, will be seen the
orchard and the vineyard, and abund?
ant harvests of thc cereal crops will
reward the toil of the farmer, and
alford a bountiful supply for the de?
mand of tlie nianufae.turing millions
of the South. In looking to thc
i'utuve of tho South, we have no
cause for despondency, but luther to
rejoice and be exceeding glad. Tl??it
future, disclosing even now lo the
j view a brilliant career andu magnifi
csnt destiny, will justify the exclama?
tion, paradoxical as it may seem, All
hail, .Emancipation! the harbinger of
Souther u r?g?n?r?t iou.
NIL DESPERANDUM. .
min: A I BRITISH BARK "EXCHANGE"
JL is now ready receive freight. Applv to
Aug 18 6 " WILLIS & C?IISOLM.
FIRE AB LIFE ?S?T?M.
H! E. NICHOLS, Agent.
ITtOR the following FIRST CLASS COM
"* ' L'AN IES:
New York Underwriter's A gen ev.
Capital. .. .*. $3,0(10,000
j Home Insurance Company, New
Yo k. Capital.". 2,000,000
I International Laurance Compa
I ny. New York. Capital. 1.000,01)0
j Continental insurance Companv,
j N'.-w York. Capital...,. V. 1,000,000
' Hartford Eire In.-airance Com- .
puny. Hartford. Capital. 2.00<?000
i Metropolitan Insurance Com*
j pany. New York, Capital.,. 1,000.000
', Home Insurance Companv, Sa
; vannali, Capital .". 2,000,000
j Phomix Insurance Companv,
j Hartford. Capital." . 500,000
Columbia Insurance Companv,
I New York, Capital.*.. 500,000
|*Ncw England Mutual L.ife Insn
I rance Company, Boston, Capi
j tal. 5,010,000
Now York Accidental Insurance Cmtpany,
insuri:;g against all accidents.
I With several otlu-r well known and n lia
I ble corupann ss, the aggregate ca'pital
I amonnfing toovor*20,0'JO.tM)<). Risks taken
I in any one spot to amount of $200,000.
j Ofliee No. S Bryce's Row, Columbia, S. C.
j Aug 15 * J??m
?1ROM tbis date, the train on tko Spar
taiibnrg ?ind Union Railroad will leave
Spartanburg C. H. Tuesdays and Saturdays
of each week, at (i a. m., and arrive at Shel?
ton at ll a. m. *
Returning, leave Shelton at 12 o'clock m.,
and arrive at Spartanburg at 5.15 p. m.
THUS. B. JETER, President.
Union C. H., s. c., August -J, LS05.
JO*?" The Newberry, Chester and Charlotte
I papers w ill please copy twice a week for one
month, and forw ard eilis to office S. ,V U. lt.
R. Co., Union C. H., S. C. Aug l-l 17*
DPS. REYNOLDS .V REY?
NOLDS, being now fully pre?
pared, resume thc practice ol
their profession in all it.-- departments.
M:i~ Oflice, for the. present, at the Colum?
bia Female Academy. Aug pi 7
ADAMS, FROST & C0~
CHARLESTON, S. C.,
ARE preparedito sell COTTON or PRO?
DUCE in Charleston, New York 01
Liverpool, as may be most advantageous
and to make liberal advances on consign?
ments to them. 1 ney will furnish! planten
H A far as possible tile'ir;'. ' facilities.
Aug s bi
COLUMBIA. AmursT 15, l?r,5.
THE undersigned, having formed :i busi?
ness connection with the linn of
KEALY, SCOTT BRUNS1* under the sf vie
of HUTSON LEK .V CO., for the purpose of
conducting an AUCTION. GENERAL COM?
MISSION and EXCHANGE BROKERAGE,
respectfully solicits the patronage ot the*
public IIUTSOM LEE.
Hereafter, tho Auction and General Com?
mission Business done .ov us will be ooo-*
dueted by Messrs. HUTS?N LEI', A CO.
Aug 10 G KEALY, SOfrfljJ & BRUNS.
Auctioneers, General Com. Agents
and Exchange Brokers,
COLUMBIA, s. c.
A NY business entrusted to them will re
^V. ceivc prompt attention. e
UOLD, SILVER, SECURITIES and BANK
NOTES bought and sold.
Ref.-r to Messrs'. WILLIS ? CHISOLM
and Messrs. JoilN FRASER*Co., Charles?
ton-, s. e.
GEORGE SGHLEV, Esq., and Messrs. E.
C. BARBER ?V Co., Augusta, (ia.
Messrs. STENHOUSE A McCAUL?lY,
Charlotte, N. C.
Office for the present at Messrs. Kealy,
Se 'tt .V Bruns. 1 Aug Hi bini's"
ri ll Tl', subscriber, thankful for past patr in
i ag?-, wotd/l inform ins fi e nds and the
pu nbc that, h - is sid! prepared io furnish all
Kinds of BRASS < Asl INO m a workmanlike !
manner and with despatch.
.Tub' 31 m Gadsden, near Washington st.
1*26 and 1'Js Mrrtiii'j Street,
CHARLESTON, 8. C.
F. A. W'LLCOXSOX, Agent.
Orangeburg, S. C.
EDMUND A. SOU Di l; .V CO.,
LIVINGSTON. FOX i; CO.. Agents,
S3 ' LTBElAL ADVA NC F.S r . ade on t t )N
SIONMEN i's. imo* '
Headq'rs Dep't of Sont., "arobina,
HILTON HEAD, S. C., A> ?.?, 1M?5.
GENERAL OKDEIiS NO. 18.
rilHE following General Orders are pub
.1. lishe ,1 for thc information and govern?
ment of this command. District, Sub-dis?
trict ami Post Commanders are directed to
i ti force a strict observance of its orovisioiis.
/. Ann VANT GKNKUAI.'S Orrie?:,
WASIIISUTON, JULY 25, ls.<;3.
(I EX KU AL O lt DEUS Xo. 121?.
To secure i ipial justice and the sam" pcf
; sonal liberty to the freedmen as to other
? citizens and inhabitants, all orders i - . d
j by Post, District, or other Command. * ,
..adopting any system of passes for them,
: or subjecting them to any restraints or pun
? ishments liol imposed on other classes, are
j declared void.
Neil 1e r whites nor blacks will bc re
. strained from seeking employment else
! where when they cannot obtain it at a just
i compensation at their homes, and when not
I bound by voluntary agreement; nor will
I they be hindered from traveling from place
' to piaf? on proper and legitimate business.
By order of the Secretary ol' War:
E. D. TOWNSEND, A. A. G.
Bv conn . inn ii of
Maj. Gen. Q. A. GILLMORE.
NV. L. M. Bc it? KU, A. A. Cr.
Ollicial: T. H. HODOKS, Capt. 35th U. S". C.
? T., A. A. A. (i._Aug 21 3
Headers Dep't of South Carolina,
! . HILTON HEAD, S. C., Atm. 7, 18C5.
! O EN EH AL o I! DE. ES NO. 12.
rilHE following paragraph from Special
.1 Orders No. 107, Adjutant General's Of
hec, July A), 1 st;."?, is published for thc infor?
mation of this command:
A D I I TAN'i'-' tKNKltAl.'s OlTTCK,
\\ AS ni:si ?TON-, July 2!.?, 18S5.
SPECTAL OH HEPS NO. H>7.
! ?. By direction of the Presiden!, the fol
I lowing" named officers of the 'Mst New York
Cavalry are hereby dishonorably dismissed
the service of the United States." for neglect
I ol'duty in allowing thc enlisted men nf their
.' commands to break open slfcres and rob
I them, and to commit other acts.of violence,
, whilst their regine nt Was cn roule over the
I Baltiim-re and Ohio Railroad, witji stopplige
'of all pay and allowances, until further
Capt. P. L. Hogeboom.
1st Lieut. Charl.s Cramer.
1st Lieut?E. A. Kirker.
.id Lieut. \V. L. -Messer.
' I -Jd Lieut. E. McWhorten.
. 1st Lieut. Janies Mccormack.
Commanding Gem-rids of Military Divi
sions and Departments wUl promulgate thi.
order to their respective commands.
* # * * #
By direction of the Secretary of War.
E. D. TOWNSEND,
; By order of
Maj. Gen. Q. A. GILLMORE.
i Yv'. L. M. BCRS?B, A. A. G.
Official: 1, 1). ?OMLh, Capt, 35th U. S. (
T., A. A. A. G. Aug ii 3
Mill und Ha.ucl-Sa.tv File?, Cus? Steel.
I have on hand, and will nell low, a
g?few dozen English MILL and It A ND
A .small lot English half-inch Cast Steel,
A few bars .. Round ?weed Iron,
A handsome Carriage, suitable for one or
A Leather Top Buggy a:;d Harm 83 in
One large ?izo Letter Press.
_Aug 8 tii'l*_JOS. MARSH.
Hdqrs. Dept. of South Carolina,
HILTON" HEAD?S. C. JIUA 2, 1805.
GENERAL ORDERS, NO. 8.
MR. JOHN* TURNER, Sutler of the .T.'h
U. S. C. T., for Improper conduct :it
.summerville, S. C., on tttc '20th instant, is
hereby dismissed from bis position as Sai?
ler, and will not be furnished with employ?
ment by any of the military authorities in
this Department. Rv command of .
.MA.!. CEN'. Q. A. GILLMORE.
AV. L. M. BITKOEK, A. A. G.
T. D. Hont?ES, Capt. 35th U. S. C. T.. A.
A. A. C._ Aug 21 :!
Headq'rs Dep't of South Carolina,
HILTON HEAD, S. C., At o. 10, 18JJ5.
G EN Eli A L <>i; I) HHS .YO. 15. .
ITHE 54th and 55th Regiments Mnssn
. chusetts Colored Volunteers, and the
aOth, 8*2d and K>2d U. S. C. T., being under
orders t<> be mustered ont of service. Hie
Commanding Officers of the above named
regiments will nominate to these headquar?
ters for appointments to other colored regi?
ments, such officers nf their respective com?
mands as are, fh their opinions, meritorious
and deserving. Those ...beers nominated
for 'id Lieutenants may expect immediate
appointments in ot her regiments, OM recom?
mendation of tho Department Oohnuauder.
No assurance can be given at present in re?
gard to the appointments of those recom?
mended f.>r a higher grade than 2d Lieute?
nants, but recommendations of all tho
meritorious officora of i vcrv grade is re?
il. In compliance with Paragraph 5. Spe?
cial Orders No. -l 17, dated War Department,
Adjutant General's Office, Washington, Au?
gust 3, ist;"), the officers ami enlisted men
of thc. Signal Corps, now on duty in this
Department, will be immediately mustered
out of the service, witli the exception of
Capt. Jesse Merril. . Sergeants Thomas C.
Parson and Wilson Eddy, and ii..-i claus
Privates O.N.Bender, I leo ry E. Croydon,
James G. Ford and L. P. Stickney. ,
Capt. Merrill- will cause all property, in
possession of the .'..igual Detachments, and
not belonging, to ihe Signal C<*;-p#, to be
tm r.ed over at once to the department to
which it belongs.
Cant. Merrill, and the ab??vc named en?
listed men.of the Signal ( 'orps, will proceed
at once to Washington, I>. C..arid turnover
to the Chief Sig,.ai Officer of the Army all
prop, rt y belonging to the Signal Corps pro?
per, such as telescopes, ficht glasses, signal
hags, .Ve., -ami will then report themselves
to the nearest, commissary of musters for
linal muster and pay.
III. All officers and enlisted men through?
out this Department that are on detached
service ie Military Districts in which their
regiments are not serving, except those de?
tailed by orders from Department Head?
quarters, or by higher authority, will IK
relieved on the receipt of this order, and
will join their respective, regiments without
delav. Bv command of
Maj. Gen. Q. A. GILLMORE.
W. L. M. Bt uoi.it, A. A. G.
Official: T. D. HO?GES, Capt. o?tli U. S. C.
T., A. A. A. C._ _Aug -ll :)
. Hdqrs. Dept. of South Carolina,
HILTON HEAD, S. C.. Ar.:. 10, 1??5.
GENEE AL O RI) EUS NO. li.
ITHE following paragraph from Special
. tird. rs No.-H?',, Adjutant General's Of
fie. , August 2. 1805, is republished for tin
iufi rmation of this command:
Al>Tl7T.\ XT < rUNT.li.u.'s OFI'JCR, FC
Washington. August 2, 1805.
SPECIAL ORR El IS, NO. -no.
* * >-.-. *
IR. Ry direction of the President, the fol
lowing officers of the 11th Kansas Cavalry
are hereby dishonorably dismissed the ser
I vice of the United State's, with forfeiture o
I :iil pay and allowances, to date .June 25
! ist;."?, tor violation of orders and neglect o
duty, in deserting th - ir com amt) ds. thu;
I embarrassing the public service, and ye
, g.eetiug the enlisted min under their cou
1st Lieutenant James O. Ogan.
'Jd Lieutenant Dudley Sawyer.
Commanding Generals of Military Divi
i sions and Departments will promulgate "hi
I order to their respective commanda.
* p * *
By order of the Secret ft rv of War:
r E. D. TOWNSEND, A. A. C.
IL The action of the Colonel Commajirl
iug the District of Port Royal, in designa!
ing Fort Clinch and ?'ort Marion, Florid)
and Clinton Prison, New York, as the plau
of confinement for Private Jacob Johnsoi
Otb Battalion'Connecticut Volunte, rs, Pr
vate .lohn Clifford, Co. G, ('.tb U. S. Infai
trv, Sergeant Benjamin Williams, Co. (
l'istb U. S. C. T., and Private John Gea
P2S11) U. S. C. T., is disapproved. Cast
Pincknev, Charleston Harbor, S. C. is il
signateu as the place of confinement for tl
above named run. Thc Provost Marsh
General is charged with the execution
luis ardor.. Bv c< mm.)nd of
Maj. Gen. Q. A. (ilELMORE.
W. L. M. BCKGFU, A. A. G.
Official: 7. D. Hor&?S,?apt. a%h U. S. -
' T.. A. A. A. G. Aug 21 3
CALL A T
C. S. Jenkins'
THIRD DOOR FROM PENDLETON.
Aug 10_ 10
?M?EST0S IO NEW YORK.
THK no-?.- first
class steamer MO?
NERA, Charles F.
Marsh tuan, Com?
Steamer C A M
B IUD GE, J. VT.
Will leave Oharleeton, S. C., direct for
Now York, alternately, THURSDAYS each
For freight or passage-having handsome
Stare Room accommodations-apply to
F. A. W1LCOXSON, Agent.
Orangcb'-'-.' s. C.
ARCHIBALD GETTY i t
12C and lis Meeting st.. Charles >n, S. C.
LIVINGSTON", FOX A CO., Agents,
Aug lo 2mo New York.
Keadq'rs Dep't of South Carolina,
HILTON HEAD. S. C.. jr LY 2?>, 1SG3.
r, ENERA L ORDRES y O. >.:
LT is announced, for the information and
govei ument of tins command, that BEN?
JAMIN F. FERRY, of South Carolina, has
liocu appointed, by the President, Provi?
sional Governor of thc State of South Curo
lina, with authority and' instructions, "at
the earliest practicable period, to prescribo
?lieh rules and regulations asrnay bensoes
H&ry and proper for convening a Convention,
r.< inposed of delegate s to he choHcnbythat
pin t ion of the people of said Slate who aro
loyal to the United States, and no others,
for the purpose of altering or amending tho
Constitution thereof; and with authority to
exercise, within the. limits of said State, ah
the powers necessary and proper/to enable?
sticbloyal people of tuc State of Smith Oa^
rolina tn re .tore :-aid state to its coustitu-**
j I ionql relations to the Federal (j even mic nt,
ana io present such a Bepublican form of
I State Government as will entitle the State
to the guarantee of the UniteitStatesfticre
for. ano its people tr. protection by til?
United States against invasion, insurrection
mid donv-sitio violence; provided, that in
any election tba* may hereafter be held for
choosing delegates to any State Convention
as aforesaid, no person ?hail bo qualified as
Ul ' lector, or shall be eligible as a member
of such Convention, unless he shall-have
previously taken md subscribed the oath evf
amnesty, tts set fortis in the Presid? ni's
proclamation of May 2U, A> D. VH>5, and hi
a voter qu.alif.ed as prescribed hythe Con?
stitution and laws of the State of ScTuth
Carolina in force immediately before tin?
SOY uteonth (17th) day of November, A. D.
ISM:, the date of the so-called Ordinance of
Secession; and the said Convention, when
convened, or the Legislature that may ho
thereafter assembled, will prescribe tho
i|ualifieatioii of electors, and the eligibility
nf persons to hold office nuder the Consti?
tution and la ws of the State, a power tho
people of the several States composing tho
Federal Union have rightfully exercised
from the origin of the Government to tho
present t hue."
lt is, therefore, ordered, that all officers
and other persons in the United States
military service, within the. Slate of South
Carolina, aid and assist Governor Perry in
carrying into etfoet thc foregoing instruc?
tions, and they arc enjoined to. abstain
from, in any way, hindering, impeding or
discouraging the loyal people of the State
from the organization of a State Govern?
ment, as hcrcinabove authorized and di?
All orders and instructions now in opera?
tion throughout this Department, whether
emanating from t hese headquarters, or from
Headquarters Department of the South,
thai are not inconsistent with the foregoing
distinctly specified provisions cf this order,
will continue in force as heretofore, through?
out the State of South Carolina.
Every needful facility for taking the am?
nesty oath^rill bc afforded hythe military
authorities, ?>u forms heretofore supplied
for that purpose.
Hereafter Provost Marshals and Assistant,
Provost Marshals will constitute tho only
lui! ii arv officers entitled to administer tho
anim sty oath, a certified copy of which
will, in all eases, be furnished to the indi?
vidual taking it. The original oaths will be
tran.mitted, semi-monthly, by the oftiecf
administering the same, to "the Provost
Marshal General at these Headquarters, by
whom they will be recorded in a book kept
for that purpose, and then forwarded to the
Secretary of State.
P.irs ms applying for Executive clemency
will send their petition (with a certified
copy of thc Amnesty Oath attached,) to the
President, through the Provisional Gover?
nor at Greenville, South Carolina.
By command of
Maj. Gen. Q. A. GELLMOftE.
. Curial: W. JU M. La?Citr. A. A. G.