Newspaper Page Text
Thnraday MoniingjJUg 'g-t-186
New "Vorlt Paper?.
We are indebted to the kind attel
tions^of Mr. Edward Hope for copi?
of the New York Herald and Time
of the 10th inst, from both of whie
extracts will be fourni in this day
Phoenix. Mr. Hope is welcome
back, though we regret to percen
that the dissipations of 'New Ypr
have somewhat told on his persoi
* He docs not exhibit tho same degre
of elasticity which he had acquired i
tho purer atmosphere bf Coluinbi?i
but we have no doubt that it few day
at home will renovate his frame an
restore the colors to Iiis cheeks.
Of the great cable, the Herald say?
"Additional discouraging news i:
reference to the Atlantic telograp]
cable has reached, us. The sehoonei
First.Fruit, which arrived at Harbo
Grace, Newf?mndlan?l, on Monday o
this week, communicated with th
steamship Great Kastern and her eon
sort, the Terrible, on th*- 6th inst
The cable parted on the 2?l inst, at t
point about six hundred miles froD
the Newfoundland coast, 'a^id a beaeoi
buoy had b?en anchored where jt wa
last seen. Up to the 6th inst., tb
telegraphic, fleet was still in the vici
. nity, with hopes of hoing able t<
recover the cable, renew the connec?
tion* and continue the work of laying
but it does not appear that full conn
dence of success was entertained."
There is a money pani?: in Wal
street. President Johnson has com
menced the work of decapitating
officials who have busied thoniselvei
in political opposition.
Another terrible railroad accident,
on tho Hbusatonic Railroad, kill??;
ten persons' outright and mortally
wounded seventeen more.
A new opera house is projected iu
New York. .
IMrd's theatre, at Washington, is
being converted into a depository foi
* the archives of the late Southern Con.
It is decided to try President Davis
by a regular jury--so the TTeratdUAh
us-but wc doubt if he will be tried
at all. Thc time for any vindictive
prosecution has gone by.
There is *no en?I to the catalogue of
crim^, as reported in thc Northern
papers. New moiles of iniquity seem
to be invented daily.
Tremendous forgeries on well
knbwn firms in New York, involving
the loss of millions, have been dis?
covered. Edward Ketchuni, the s?>n
of Morris Ketchuni, was th? dextrous
.operator. Ketchnmisnota bad name
for such a genius. The directive
catch ems are after him. He has made
'. # oif with a bushel of greenbacks, to
.say nothing of solid met^s.
We gi ve up our paper to-day to a
great variety of selections from North
. ern papers, wh?eh the reader will find
of interest or importance.
. A planter from the parish of St.
Charles, who considers himself fully
posted on tho cotton statistics, in?
forms the New Orleans Times that
there never were over 400,000 bales of
e. itton raised any season west of the
l?is?ssippi. He thinks that there
v.TO nearly 31)0,000 bales between the
Mississippi and the Rio Grande when
Kirby Smith surrendered, and that
40,000 bales will b?* added by this
year's crop. Of tim old crop a great
deal has already been hurried to mar?
ket, and the new crop as well as the
old wdl be entirely cleared out of the
country before the 1st of March next.
With the limited stock on hand and
the crdp prospects now before us, he
thiuks sixty or seventy cents per pound
will be the prevailing-price in January
PARDONS.-The applications of many
ci tizeos of Richmond has been ap?
proved by the Attorney-General, but
tue instances in whim tho pardons
have boen actually signed'and deli?
vered are rare. We know of but three
weli-authenticated casos. Thefe^ire
so-u . noisy politicians who go about
bragj?ing that Vtnay have their pardons
"rn their pocket*," but implicit cre
.deuce is '?ot giveu to their statements.
. [Richmond Republic, lifh.
A ' Tornado.
Last "Weclnesdaj evening, the close
of a day m?morable in Chicago for its
extreme and unprecedented darkness
and rain, the city was visited by a fu-,
rious tornado of wind, the moat terri?
ble and devastating ever know? in tho
West. The track of the whirlwind?
was Westward, and it spared nothing
in its course. Commencing about a
mile and a lndf West of Notre Dame
University, which is situated about a,,
mile from the city, it passed Westward^
spending its fury, as near as can be
ascertained, about ten miles \Vost of
South Bend,' in a straight line. . The
track of the tornado was over two
hundred yards wide. It swept through <,
the busincssoeenb'e of the place, de?
molishing or seriously damaging near?
ly every building and structtrre in its
The roofs and chimneys of substan?
tial edifices were swept away like straw,
and many frame buildings were totally
destroyed. Trees, shrtfAbery, fences
and out-houses wen; torn to atoms, and
swept away before the gate, on the
wings of the wind. Nothing in the
course of the enraged elements was
saved. The solid waHs of brick blocks
seemed to offer no more resistance to
it than the barns and temporary struc?
tures. Wherever a grove or piece of
woods lay in the route of the tempes*!.,
the stalwart oaks and maples wem
prostrated like saplings in the hands
of a giant, leaving a road as eveji as if
cut by the woodman's axe.
From Notre Dame University, to the*
East of which the vhirl'wind com?
menced, the grourffl ..s gradually slop?
ing toward Jim town proper. There
are very few, if any. buildings of note
from there* to the city, the highway
leading through the fine groves ami
well-cultivated farm lands which
mostly belong to the college. This
was fortunate, ns the fury of the gale
was probably spent in pasfsng over
this portion of its route. road
from the Notre Dame crosses the St.
Joseph Uiver some distance from the
business portion of the place.
At tho head of the long list of losses
by the furious gale, stands tho bridge
over the St. joseph River, which was
a massive structure, 3()0 feet in length,
spanning the river like an immense
culvert from shore ?o- shore. The
bridge was wide enough for te^ms "to
pass each other with ease, lt wa/; a
covered structure, the original " cost
boing upwards of $24,000. This im?
mense work was swept away like a
. rope of sand, its different sections and
ruins being plunged iuto tho swollen
river. The loss of this bridge is almost
a fatal blow to South Rend, as it is
the only one leading from the depot
to the University, which commences
its fall term in*a few days. The many
hundred pupils and their baggage will
have to be conveyed across the ri ver
in an improvised ferry-boat. Notre
Dame willtfonsequently suffer greatly
from its isolation from the city and the
depot. This bridge was a iii;w struc?
ture, and built with great care as to
strength. When it was swept away a
man and boy were, crossing. They
clung to tin-timbers, and were rescued
after the whirlwind had passed, with
but slight injury. Their escape from
death was truly miraculous. .
The court house, which .stands near
tho centre of the village, was about
the first building struck by the blast.
This is a large brick structure, sur?
rounded by tall .roes. . Its massive
roof was hf ted and hurled into the
adjoining grounds in an instant? The
hiige trees fell to the ground, their
trunks twisted oft lila; saplings. The
roof itself was greatly damaged, so
much so that an entirely new one
must be built to replace it with. The
rain powred down in torrents, damag?
ing and nearly spoiling a? the fourni?
ture in the building.
The largo fcrick buildings in course
of erection to supply the places of
those destroyed by the tire, were
leveled to tue ground. The soli 1
walls offered but little resistance to
the fearful wind. Thousands of dol?
lars worth of brick lie scattered where
the new edifices were growing into
life. Hundreds of private resi fences
shared the same fate. One cd' the
principal churches ol' South Rend was
unroofed, and its shades greatly dam?
aged, while the interior was wet al?
most beyond repair. All the princi?
pal stores, mills and offices wore mi
roofed, and more or less damaged.
The galo, lasted but a moment, yet
the whole plaoe was transformed from
a beautiful and quiet town to a ruined
city and intensely excited inhabitants?
Women rushed to and fro in the
drenching win that followed; men
conversed in hurried and bewildered
accents among the ruins and debris.
The wildest confusion followed. Per?
sonal effects were scattered far and
wide, while hats and bonnets could
not be found at all. The strange visi?
tation, as if a judgment from Heaven,
astonished all. It was'some hours, in
fact not until Thursday morning, that
the eitiitens ascertained the immense
damage they had suffered.
r?lm entity loss and ihtmage in tho
city is estimated nt $200,000. This
iuelnScs public buildings and private
residence. Tho damage to trees,
^shrubbery and plants cannot be esti
' mated ii/ dollars and cents, for they
can only be replaced by the slow pro?
cess of nature. Many years must
elapse before they are seen growing
again in the beauty aud lnxurianc?
that was-the pride of the people of
South Bond. Tho extent of the loss
to farmers and others outside of tho
corporation, cannot lie estimated, but
it must be very heavy. Crops, fences,
i barns, orchards, houses, &c., were
swept ?away-before the terrible hurri?
cane. Farther reports will soon be
received. . ,
Fortunately, and as if by direct in?
terference of Divine powvr, tue beau?
tiful grounds und buildings of Notre
Dame University wore not injured,
tho tornado passing only across one
corner of the farm. Thus is saved to
South Bend its pride n_d glory, and
the institution that luis added infinite?
ly toward its .past growth and pros?
perity. It seems spured to act the
future element of progress in the res?
toration of the town. It is sincerely
to be hoped that the loss of the bridge
over the St. Joseph 'River will not de?
tract from its prosperity during the
term about opening.
i [Chicago Times, llth.
LIBSK._ ESTIMATES.-An .evening
pnper contains au article on "the na?
tional'debt," taking ground thut wne i
we provide for thu interest (about
$140,000,000 per annum.) and add ten
millions to the yearly t._ for liquida?
tion-, tile sum will he sijfficie_t to ex?
tinguish tile debt. It add? tr? this
sensible view the following:
"Then, whore are wc V The esti?
mate of ?ill other expenses o/ the gov?
ernment fur thu year ending June 80,
ISO ). Ls under fifty millions of dollars.
.We thus arriv? ut the comfortable
conclusion that a total revenue of two
hundred millions a year would be our
entire burden if we should keep the
debt where it is? With tho present
rates of taxes, the estimate of receipts
for the year ending June 80, 1HC>(*>, is
throe hundred and ninety-six millions
of dollars. We might, therefore, this
day cut down our taxes just one-half,
and go on our way rejoicing. On the
whole, we feel safe inj assuming that
we shall settle at a yearly taxation not
one dollar above two hundred millions.
That is the measure of thc entire bur?
This wiU be news to the authorities
at Washington, and for that matter to
the whole American people! Fifty
millions of dollarsv in a depreciated
currency, to maintain an army of ut
least 50,000 men, with all the trans?
portation, building of fortifications,
kc, in the South at the close of such
a destructive war. No sensible person
estimates the expenditures for the
Navy Department this year at much
less than fifty millions-our t-otempo
rory's estimate for all purposes. Te
those must be.added the largely in
creased amounts required for the civil
list otad pen-ions-at least fifty mil
lions ^niore. If thc military depart
nient alone does not cost a full hun
dred millions, in 1865-6, Ave shall b<
agreeably disappointed. "The esti
mate fer the year ending June 3!)
1806, under fifty nfUlions!" Weshonlt
like to see the government official win
has presented such a statement. .Tin
conclusion adopted by our cotempo
rary would indeed be "comfortable,1
if it were not "lame and impotent" t<
thc extent of probably $150,000,000
and possibly S100,00i1,000 more. Ii
the course of two or three years tin
wants of the General Government ma1
not exceed 3300,000,000, perhaps evei
a little loss; but that cannot be doa<
in thisyearof grace. Tlieexhortatioi
to "eut down the taxes" is excellent
as soon as it can bT; shown that th
country can be governed for any thin)
like the aggregate guessed ut.^
[yew Yo*L Tinws.
CENSUS STATISTICS or HV^ASSACHE
SETTS MANUFACTORIES.-Tb.i (Jaunt;
of Middlesex, Mass., Ls reported by th
hist census <o have 078 manufactories
with m invet>tnd<aipitalof.$2(>,940,527
L'hcse estabiistiment-. pay far tile ma
i t " i:ii they consume $23,285,304,.an
employ 14,628 females and 22,10
mules, for which they pay $10,065,16c
Tue value, of the annual product thu
secured is estimated at $44,610,77?
Duke's County, same State, has 1
manufactories, ?rfth a capital of $310
360. The cost of material used is est
unsted at $420,082, aud the annni
' value 4>i products held at $561,561
"The establishments gtvo employmei
to 211 hands at a cost of $33,70'.
Tho first limned county exhibits tl;
. largest, and the latter the smallei
manufacturing interests of the fou
teen counties into which the State
?_. _ _ _
"t^mmmmmmammmmmmmaal^mt H i ' gapt-g
GEN. B. E. LEE.-We have already
announced that Gen. E. E. Lee had
bean offered the presidency of Wash?
ington College, Lexington, Va. Ju?ge
John Brochen?)orongh, one of the
visitors of tho college, was sent to
inform him of his election, and at our
latest advices from Lexington had not
returned. It is, therefore, not known
whether Gen. Lee will accept the
position; but in the absence of ]x>si
tive information on the subject, wc
arc iuclined to think that h ?.will- not.
He has recently expressed the inten?
tion of leasing a grazing farm in Al?
bemarle, and residing upon it with his
family. During the past week, he and
Mrs. Lee ' have been on a visit to
Bremo, the plantation of Gen. Philip
St. George Cooke, fifteen or twenty
miles above Cartersville. and was met
there by Judge Brockenborough.
Washington College is. next to Wil?
liam and Mary, the oldest institution
of learning iu Virginia, and is the
Alma Mater of some of the most j
prominent citizens of the State. It,
before the war. stood next to the Uni-1
vers?ty in the high qualifie.^ion exact
ed fryni applicants tor its degrees. It ?
was originally an academy; was libe-.!
rally endowed by Gen. Washington I
daring his life-time, and was shortly I
after chartered as a college. In 182^, j
it was furthex endowed with $100,000 j
by Mr. John Robinson, a wealthy :
James River planter. Unless its f unds !
were lost by bad investments during;
the war, the oolleprc should now bc- in j
a flourishing financial condition. :
[Richmond Rej/ttbtic, Ul h.
Tuv. TELEGRAPH G?XE.-We have !
hoped almost against hope that, some
good fortune would ultimately bring
through the great Atlantic cable. '
That hope is gone. Wo haye new*
direct from the fleet as late as the Otra
4nstant, by an arrival at Heart's C?-n
teut, (name of mockery !) whereby we
learn that the signals to Valentia failed. I
All that coidd be dono, as our news j
indicates, was to fix a buoy as nearly |
as possible to tho placo whore tl ie
fatal break occurred. It is almost ?
ridiculous to think of searching in the ?
wide waste of tho Atlantic in fifteen '
thousand feet of water, for a cable but j
the thickness of one's thumb, and we I
may as well make up our minds that i
thc: second great and expensive ex?
periment is a complete failure. The
public have boon gradually prepared
for this announcement, yet it will bel
felt everywhere as a disappointment,,
not alone to the projectors and their
interested friends, but to the jvorld j
and monking at largo.
[ .V"/r Vor/.- Krpress. |
THE ANGLO-SAXON ELEMENT.-We '
talk at random a great deal about the j
Anglo-Saxon race. Look at the mimes
in the list of our Aiiieri?-ahk*coinruan
ders-in-chief, from the first, commis
sioned by Washington, in 1701. down j
to the present tifcic Hore we have
Gen. "Arthur St. Clair, a Scotch Celt;
Anthony Wayne, un Iradi Colt;.J amos
Wilkinson,?Saxon or Gothic; Henry
Dearborn, a Welsh Celt; Jacob Brown;
a Welsh Celt; Alexander McComb, an
Irish Celt;'Winfield Scott, Scotch;
George B. McClellan. Scotch; H. W.
Ha 1 -ck, Saxons; U. S. Grant, Scotch.
Thus we have eight out ol the tim
commanders-in-chief bf our armies
during the-hist Hovvuty-fivo yours,
whose origin is no moro Anglo-Saxon
titan i tis Tartar. 9 Look ?it the Celtic,
names, moreover, thaf stand in thc
toro iront of the late war: Grant,
.Monde, Shorid-n, McPherson, Gill
more, Anderson, Terry, (Welsh,)
Sherman, (Welsh.) Thomas, (Welsh,)
McClellan. It is a matter, perhaps,
of minor consequence tvhethor our
great martial heroes have mort' Celtic
than?itxon blood in their veins or the
reverse, so long as they were all true
Americans, hat it is not out of place
to lot tlie Celt have a fair show, iu a
field of human exertion, where he is
so clearly entitled to pre-eminence.
[Xeir York Time*.
A sp .eui telegraphic despatch to th?*
Augusta ConslitutioiudisL, dated Pt ters
burg, loth, says:
The first railroad through train
sine?' the Kith ?d' last August came
into Petersburg Friday afternoon.
Railroad communication between
Petersburg. Raleigh, Washington and
points South, is now completed.
The Petersburg R.rpress-sayH there
is constant trouble between the sol
diers, white eitiztms and negroes.
Tlie planters are sending into Pe?
tersburg a large amount of cotton.
Sales made at 37 ?rents.
The Petersburg anti Weldon Rail?
road will bo open in a day or two. *
The captain of a vessel in New Lon?
don has a hive of bees which ?-?viue on
the vessel at City Point, Virginia, in
May lost. WThen hi port the bees go
ashore for food; when at sea he feeds
them on rich molasses.
To luetue insertion, advertisers aro re?
quested to hand in'their notices bzfero 4
o clocit p. ni. .-.-tx . .?
? In tile paragraph pubHuhod yesterday,
giving thc names' OT* the gentlemen elset?d
Dircctprs of the King's Mountain I?a:iro%i
Company, the name Of F. D?' Fanning
should have been Frederick Fanning.
HATS AND CAPS AT OLO Pnicss.-Seo thc
.dvcrtiVomen', in this morning's "issue, of
Messrs. Williams A Covert, of bats and caps
at.old prices. Merchants ?nd others visit?
ing Charleston should give them a call.
NKW AnvKRTisEMENTS.-Attention is called
to the following advertisements, which ara
published for th* first time this morning:
Laurel Street-Horse and liugsy for salo.
Williams A Covert-Hata and Caps. .
George Chisohu-To TniveL*rs.
J. (J. Gibbes-Fresh Groceries.
Regular Communication A?acia Lodge.
"? " - Country Butter.
'? '* -Sugar Cured Hams.
'" -Gunny Hagging, Ac.
1'. F. Cuttino--Sole Leather.
Qc*-? VICTORIA'S ADVICE TO THE
JAMAICA LABOREES.--A petition com?
plaining of distress in a- particular
community having been forwarded by
a political agitator to Queen Victoria,
the Quean, thiough Mr. Cardwell. r<?
iurned the. following characteristic
"I request (writes Mr. Cardwell)
thai you will inform the petitioners
thi?t their petition has been laid be?
fore the Queen, and that I have re?
ceived her Majesty's cnuiniaud to in?
form them that the prosperity of the"
laboring classes, as well as of all.other
classes, depends, in Jamaica, as in
other counties, upon their working U>r
wages, not uncertainly or capriciously,
but steadily and continuously, at the
times when their labor is wanted, and
for so loir.' ; s it is winded; .md that if
they should u.-.i- tit. industry. r.nd
thereby render the plantations pi?
dnctive, ?hey would enable the plant?
ers to*pity tiiem higher wages for the.
same iio\ vs ul v.oik tb; :; are ree? i\<-,l
by the best field laborers in ti.-;, coun?
try (England); and as the cost of the
necessaries oi li.o is mi.eli less in .?;i
maica than it is here, they wotdd he
enabled, by adding prudence lo indus?
try, to lay by au ample provision for
seasons of drought' and dtart'i; anil
they may be assured Chat it is from
their own industry mid product-, in
availing themselves <>f the ?neans of
prospering thai are before them, and
not from any such sch< m . as have
been suggested to them, that they
must look for an improvement in their
condition; ami that her Majesty w.li
regard with interest n-id satisfaction
their advancement through their own
merits and effort-*."
AFFAIRS IV LYNTHIUTJO, YA.
Gradually the city is returning to its
accustomed stati s, and falling into
its whiloiue ways aud imbits. Uiniiness'
is reviving, and the streets' wear un
aetive und animated appearance.' Our
old merchants irre resuming their pur?
suits, and faces as "familiar as house?
hold words" are reappearing behind
the counter*. The notes of the tobac?
co horn-musical to every Lynch burg?
er's our-are heard again sounding
through streets and alleys. The iron
horse is again careering along our rail?
roads, and waking tin* echoes of hill
and valley hy his hoarse voici. Tho
telegraph is Hashing with electric speed
its messages to all parts of the country,
(his lights are once more making
bright our homes. Packet and freight
boats ar? gliding gracefully ulong th?
ennui, as of yore-i.e., before Sheri?
dan "washed the bottom out." Civil
authority has been restored; the city
fathers have returned to their paternal
labors; the courts have resumed their
sway, and his Honor the Mayor has
mounted his throne of justice. These
are some of the evidences of returning
older, pro?, TASS and i nterprise to the
city, x'hey are encouraging. Weare
hopeful of "better times when the debris:
of war shall have been brushed away,
and the ways of .Vahn, delightful
[ 1 'iryiiii(t)), A uguat 12.
Gen. Edward Johnson. Lite of the
Confederate anny, is now in Rich?
mond, purchasing stock, farming uten?
sil*?, Ac.', preparatory tb engaging in
planting on his farm in Chesterfield.
Gen. Harry T. Hays and Gop. Daniel
Adams have returned to New Orleans.
Maj. Cen. Diilme?}' H. Maury adver?
tises tharne will open a classical ?W'C
mathematical school in Fredericks
Died, at Oakland Plantation, near F"Wi>
Motte, on the 14th inst.?.after an illness ;of~
five days, EMMA, wife of Dr. Albert- 8.
Taber, aged twenty-six years?